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TINAMIDAE - Tinamous1 (9:47)
NOTHOCERCUS Bonaparte, 1856 M - Tinamus julius Bonaparte, 1854; type by subsequent designation (Salvadori, 1895, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 27, p. 509).  
Nothocercus julius   (Bonaparte, 1854) Tawny-breasted Tinamou
iAndes from W Venezuela and Colombia to S Peru
Nothocercus bonapartei2 Highland Tinamou
frantzii (Lawrence, 1868) Mountains of Costa Rica and W Panama
intercedens Salvadori, 1895 W Andes (?) of Colombia
bonapartei (G.R. Gray, 1867) E Andes of N Colombia, Andes and Coastal Range of Venezuela
discrepans Friedmann, 1947 Foothills of E Andes of Colombia
plumbeiceps Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 E slope of Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (NW Amazonas)
Nothocercus nigrocapillus Hooded Tinamou
cadwaladeri Carriker, 1933 E slope of Andes of N Peru
nigrocapillus (G.R. Gray, 1867) E slope of Andes from C Peru to N Bolivia
TINAMUS Hermann, 1783 M - Tetrao major J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (Apstein, 1915, Sitzungsber. Gesell. Naturforsch. Freunde., 5, p. 197).  
Tinamus tao Gray Tinamou
larensis W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps Jr., 1949 vAndean foothills of N Colombia, NW Venezuela and Coastal Range of Venezuela
septentrionalis Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1913 vCoastal Range of NE Venezuela
kleei (von Tschudi, 1843) E Andean foothills from S Colombia to N Bolivia
tao Temminck, 1815 Amazonian Brazil (Mato Grosso to Pará)
Tinamus solitarius 3  (Vieillot, 1819) Solitary Tinamou
vE Brazil, SE Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Tinamus osgoodi Black Tinamou
hershkovitzi Blake, 1953 E slope of Andes in S Colombia
osgoodi Conover, 1949 E slope of Andes in S Peru (Cuzco to Puno)
Tinamus major Great Tinamou
robustus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 18684 vSE Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to C Guatemala and N Honduras
percautus Van Tyne, 1935 vSE Mexico (Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala, Belize
fuscipennis Salvadori, 1895 vCaribbean slope from N Nicaragua to C Panama (W Colón)
castaneiceps Salvadori, 1895 Pacific slope of SW Costa Rica to C Panama (W Panamá)
brunneiventris Aldrich, 1937 vPacific slope of WC Panama (W Azuero Pen.)
saturatus Griscom, 1929 vE Panama (E Panamá) to NW Colombia
zuliensis Osgood & Conover, 1922 vNE Colombia, N Venezuela
latifrons Salvadori, 1895 W Colombia, W Ecuador
peruvianus Bonaparte, 1856 vW Amazonia (SE Colombia, E Ecuador to W Brazil, N Bolivia)
serratus (von Spix, 1825) vNW Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west of R. Negro)
major (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vE Venezuela, the Guianas and Brazil north of R. Amazon (east of R. Negro)
olivascens Conover, 1937 Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon)
Tinamus guttatus   von Pelzeln, 1863 White-throated Tinamou
vAmazonia
CRYPTURELLUS Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1914 M - Tinamus tataupa Temminck, 1815; type by original designation  
Crypturellus berlepschi 5  (Rothschild, 1897) Berlepsch's Tinamou
iW Colombia (Antioquia) to NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas)
Crypturellus cinereus 6  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Cinereous Tinamou
vAmazonia and the Guianas
Crypturellus ptaritepui   J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1945 Tepui Tinamou
iSE Venezuela (tepuis of SE Bolívar)
Crypturellus soui Little Tinamou
meserythrus (P.L. Sclater, 1860) αvS Mexico to SE Nicaragua
modestus (Cabanis, 1869) vCosta Rica and W Panama (W Chiriquí)
capnodes Wetmore, 1963 NW Panama (W and C Bocas del Toro)
poliocephalus (Aldrich, 1937) vPacific slope of C Panama (Veraguas to EC Panamá)
panamensis (Carriker, 1910) vE Panama (west to Colón on Caribbean slope and E Panamá on Pacific slope)
caucae (Chapman, 1912) NC Colombia (Cauca and Magdalena valleys)
mustelinus (Bangs, 1905) vNE Colombia (N Magdalena) to NW Venezuela (Zulia, Mérida)
andrei (Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1914) Trinidad, N Venezuela
soui (Hermann, 1783) SE Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil
harterti (Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1914) W Colombia, W Ecuador
caquetae (Chapman, 1915) SE Colombia (S Meta to Caquetá)
nigriceps (Chapman, 1923) E Ecuador, NE Peru
inconspicuus Carriker, 1935 vC Peru to N Bolivia
albigularis (Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1914) vN and E Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Madeira)
Crypturellus obsoletus Brown Tinamou
castaneus (P.L. Sclater, 1858) vE Andes from Colombia to N Peru (San Martín)
ochraceiventris (Stolzmann, 1926) vE slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Huánuco to Cuzco)
traylori Blake, 19617 E Andes of S Peru (Marcapata valley in Cuzco)
punensis (C. Chubb, 1917) vE slope of Andes from S Peru (Puno) to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
cerviniventris (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873) vCoastal Range of Venezuela
knoxi W.H. Phelps, Jr., 19768 Andes of NW Venezuela (Mérida)
griseiventris (Salvadori, 1895) vNC Brazil south of R. Amazon (lower R. Tapajós)
hypochraceus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1938) vSW Brazil (upper R. Madeira in Rondônia)
obsoletus (Temminck, 1815) vSE Brazil (S Minas Gerais) to E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
Crypturellus undulatus Undulated Tinamou
manapiare W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps Jr., 1952 S Venezuela (upper R. Ventuari in Amazonas)
simplex (Salvadori, 1895) SW Guyana, NC Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
yapura (von Spix, 1825) W Amazonia (east to R. Purus and R. Negro)
vermiculatus (Temminck, 1825) vE Brazil south of R. Amazon (S Maranhão to Paraná)
adspersus (Temminck, 1815) vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós)
undulatus (Temminck, 1815) vSE Peru to N Argentina
Crypturellus strigulosus   (Temminck, 1815) Brazilian Tinamou
vSE Peru, N Bolivia and S Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon); NE Brazil (E Pernambuco, Alagoas)
Crypturellus duidae   J.T. Zimmer, 1938 Gray-legged Tinamou
iEC Colombia (Meta), S Venezuela (W Amazonas) and NE Peru (Loreto)
Crypturellus erythropus9 Red-legged Tinamou
columbianus (Salvadori, 1895)10 vNC Colombia (Córdoba, N Bolívar and N Antioquia)
saltuarius Wetmore, 195011 vNC Colombia (Magdalena valley of S Cesar)
idoneus (Todd, 1919)12 vN Colombia (Magdalena and Guajira), NW Venezuela (N Zulia)
cursitans Wetmore & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1956 NE Colombia (N Boyacá and W Arauca), NW Venezuela (SW Táchira)
spencei (Brabourne & C. Chubb, 1914) N Venezuela (Falcón to C Anzoátegui)
margaritae W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1948 Isla de Margarita (off N Venezuela)
erythropus (von Pelzeln, 1863) E Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam to N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
Crypturellus noctivagus Yellow-legged Tinamou
zabele (von Spix, 1825) NE Brazil (S Piauí, Pernambuco to Minas Gerais)
noctivagus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) vSE Brazil (S Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul)
Crypturellus atrocapillus Black-capped Tinamou
atrocapillus (von Tschudi, 1844) SE Peru (S Ucayali to Puno)
garleppi (von Berlepsch, 1892) N Bolivia (N and E La Paz, Beni, Santa Cruz)
Crypturellus cinnamomeus Thicket Tinamou
occidentalis (Salvadori, 1895) vW Mexico (Sinaloa to Guerrero)
mexicanus (Salvadori, 1895) vE Mexico (Tamaulipas to Puebla)
soconuscensis Brodkorb, 1939 vPacific lowlands of S Mexico (C Chiapas) and Guatemala
sallaei (Bonaparte, 1856) S Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca)
vicinior Conover, 1933 vSE Mexico (E Chiapas) to C Honduras
goldmani (Nelson, 1901) SE Mexico (Tabasco, Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala (Petén), N Belize
cinnamomeus (Lesson, 1842) vS Guatemala, El Salvador, S Honduras
delattrii (Bonaparte, 1854)13 δPacific lowlands of W Nicaragua
praepes (Bangs & J.L. Peters, 1927) Pacific slope of NW Costa Rica
Crypturellus transfasciatus   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1878) Pale-browed Tinamou
vW Ecuador (C Manabí) to NW Peru (Piura)
Crypturellus boucardi14 Slaty-breasted Tinamou
boucardi (P.L. Sclater, 1860) αSE Mexico, Belize, N Guatemala, NW Honduras
costaricensis (Dwight & Griscom, 1924) vN and E Honduras to N Costa Rica
Crypturellus kerriae   (Chapman, 1915) Choco Tinamou
iSE Panama (SE Darién), NW Colombia (N Chocó)
Crypturellus variegatus   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Variegated Tinamou
vThe Guianas, Amazonia; E Brazil (S Bahia, SE Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo)
Crypturellus brevirostris 15  (von Pelzeln, 1863) Rusty Tinamou
vE Peru, W Amazonian Brazil; French Guiana
Crypturellus bartletti 16  (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873) Bartlett's Tinamou
iW Amazonia from E Peru and N Bolivia to W Brazil
Crypturellus casiquiare 17  (Chapman, 1929) Barred Tinamou
iE Colombia (Vaupés), S Venezuela (S Amazonas)
Crypturellus parvirostris   (Wagler, 1827) Small-billed Tinamou
vSE Peru and Brazil south of R. Amazon to Paraguay and NE Argentina
Crypturellus tataupa Tataupa Tinamou
inops Bangs & Noble, 1918 NW Peru (Marañón valley in Cajamarca)
peruvianus (Cory, 1915) vC Peru (Chanchamayo valley in Junín)
lepidotus (Swainson, 1837) vNE Brazil (Maranhão and Ceará to Pernambuco and Bahia)
tataupa (Temminck, 1815) N and E Bolivia, S and E Brazil, Paraguay, N Argentina
RHYNCHOTUS von Spix, 1825 M - Tinamus rufescens Temminck, 1815; type by monotypy  
Rhynchotus rufescens Red-winged Tinamou
catingae Reiser, 1905 C and NE Brazil
rufescens (Temminck, 1815) SE Peru and N Bolivia east to NE Brazil and south to Uruguay
pallescens Kothe, 1907 N and C Argentina (Formosa to Buenos Aires)
Rhynchotus maculicollis 18  G.R. Gray, 1867 Huayco Tinamou
vAndes of N Bolivia to NW Argentina (Catamarca)
NOTHOPROCTA P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 F - Crypturus perdicarius von Kittlitz, 1830; type by original designation  
Nothoprocta taczanowskii   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1875 Taczanowski's Tinamou
iAndes from C Peru to N Bolivia
Nothoprocta ornata Ornate Tinamou
branickii Taczanowski, 187519 Andes of C Peru (La Libertad to Apurímac)
ornata (G.R. Gray, 1867)20 vAndes of S Peru (Puno), Bolivia and N Chile (Tarapacá)
rostrata von Berlepsch, 1907 vAndes of S Bolivia (Chuquisaca) to NW Argentina (La Rioja)
Nothoprocta perdicaria Chilean Tinamou
perdicaria (von Kittlitz, 1830) vNC Chile (Atacama to Maule)21
sanborni Conover, 1924 SC Chile (Maule to N Los Lagos)
Nothoprocta cinerascens Brushland Tinamou
cinerascens (Burmeister, 1860) SE Bolivia, NW Paraguay, N and C Argentina
parvimaculata Olrog, 1959 vNW Argentina (E La Rioja)
Nothoprocta pentlandii Andean Tinamou
ambigua Cory, 1915 vW Andes of S Ecuador and NW Peru
niethammeri Koepcke, 1968 WC Peru (Lima)
oustaleti von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1901 Andes of C and S Peru (Huánuco to Puno)
fulvescens von Berlepsch, 1902 Andes of SE Peru (Cuzco)
pentlandii (G.R. Gray, 1867) Andes of Bolivia to N Chile (Arica) and NW Argentina (Catamarca)
patriciae G. Hoy, 1987 NW Argentina (Salta) [Hoy, 1987 #10188]
mendozae Banks & Bohl, 1968 WC Argentina (NW Mendoza, ?Neuquén)
doeringi Cabanis, 1878 Mountains of C Argentina (San Luis and Córdoba)
Nothoprocta curvirostris Curve-billed Tinamou
curvirostris P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 vAndes of Ecuador and N Peru (N Cajamarca)
peruviana Taczanowski, 1886 vAndes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Huánuco)
NOTHURA Wagler, 1827 F - Tinamus boraquira von Spix, 1825; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 63).  
Nothura boraquira   (von Spix, 1825) White-bellied Nothura
iE Bolivia and Paraguay to E Brazil
Nothura minor   (von Spix, 1825) Lesser Nothura
vSE Brazil
Nothura darwinii22 Darwin's Nothura
peruviana von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 vS Peru (Urubamba valley in Cuzco)
agassizii Bangs, 1910 Altiplano of Andes from S Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Oruro)
boliviana Salvadori, 1895 vAndes of S Bolivia (Cochabamba to Tarija)
salvadorii E. Hartert, 1909 Highlands of NW and WC Argentina (Jujuy to W La Pampa)
darwinii G.R. Gray, 1867 Highlands of SC Argentina (E Córdoba and E La Pampa to N Chubut)
Nothura maculosa23 Spotted Nothura
cearensis Naumburg, 1932 vNE Brazil (S Ceará)
major (von Spix, 1825) vEC Brazil (Minas Gerais, Goiás, ?Bahia)
paludivaga Conover, 1950 vC Paraguay, NC Argentina (E Formosa and Chaco)
maculosa (Temminck, 1815) vSE Brazil, E Paraguay, Uruguay, NE Argentina
pallida Olrog, 1959 vN Argentina (Jujuy and Catamarca to Chaco)
annectens Conover, 1950 E Argentina (S Santa Fé to La Pampa)
submontana Conover, 1950 vWC Argentina (N Neuquén)
nigroguttata Salvadori, 1895 vSC Argentina (E Río Negro and NE Chubut west to SE Neuquén)
Nothura chacoensis 24  Conover, 1937 Chaco Nothura
vChaco of W Paraguay and NC Argentina (Formosa)
TAONISCUS Gloger, 1842 M - Taoniscus pavoninus Gloger, 1842; type by monotypy = Tinamus nanus Temminck, 1815  
Taoniscus nanus   (Temminck, 1815) Dwarf Tinamou
iSE Brazil (SE Goiás, SW Minas Gerais, São Paulo and N Paraná)
EUDROMIA I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832 F - Eudromia elegans I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832; type by monotypy  
Eudromia elegans25 Elegant Crested Tinamou
intermedia (Dabbene & Lillo, 1913) vAndes of NW Argentina (S Salta, W Tucumán, NE Catamarca)
magnistriata Olrog, 1959 vHighlands of NC Argentina (E Tucumán to E La Rioja and W Córdoba)
riojana Olrog, 1959 vAndes of WC Argentina (La Rioja and N San Juan)
albida (Wetmore, 1921) vLowlands of WC Argentina (San Juan)
wetmorei Banks, 1977 Andean foothills of WC Argentina (NC Mendoza)
devia Conover, 1950 vAndean foothills of SW Argentina (S Neuquén)
numida Banks, 1977 vC Argentina (S Córdoba, SE Mendoza, C and E La Pampa)
multiguttata Conover, 1950 vEC Argentina (E Córdoba, E La Pampa, Buenos Aires)
elegans I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832 SC Argentina (E Neuquén, Río Negro and S Buenos Aires)
patagonica Conover, 1950 vAndes of S Argentina (Chubut and Santa Cruz) and S Chile (E Aisén)
Eudromia formosa Quebracho Crested Tinamou
formosa (Lillo, 1905) vNC Argentina (E Salta and W Formosa to NE Tucumán and N Santiago del Estero)
mira Brodkorb, 193826 vSW Paraguay
TINAMOTIS Vigors, 1837 F - Tinamotis pentlandii Vigors, 1837; type by monotypy  
Tinamotis pentlandii 27  Vigors, 1837 Puna Tinamou
iAndes of C Peru, W Bolivia, N Chile (to Antofagasta) and NW Argentina (to N Catamarca)
Tinamotis ingoufi   Oustalet, 1890 Patagonian Tinamou
iS Chile (Aisén, Magallanes) and SW Argentina (W Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz)

1 Sequence of genera and species generally follows Bertelli et al. (2002) [Bertelli, 2002 #292] and Bertelli & Porzecanski (2004) [Bertelli, 2004 #10777]. Although the family is separated into two major clades, roughly corresponding to the traditional subfamily designations (Tinaminae and Nothurinae/Rhynchotinae), the position of Rhynchotus is unclear; see both these papers and Silveira & Hofling (2007) [Silveira, 2007 #10842]. Subfamily circumscription awaits additional data.
2 N. bonapartei and N. nigrocapillus form a superspecies; see Parker et al. (1985) [Parker, 1985 #2907].
3 Includes pernambucensis; see Raposo do Amaral & Silveira (2004) [Raposo do Amaral, 2004 #10035].
4 Citations to 1861 refer to description of an egg that is not comparative and thus non-diagnostic.
5 For treatment as a separate species from C. cinereus see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
6 Forms a superspecies with C. berlepschi; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
7 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326] and Cabot (1992) [Cabot, 1992 #642].
8 For recognition see Blake (1979) [Blake, 1979 #327].
9 Species limits in the C. erythropus complex (thought to include C. duidae, C. noctivagus, C. atrocapillus, and possibly also C. boucardi, C. kerriae and others) are poorly understood; within this species, the subspecies columbianius, saltuarius, and idoneus have been treated as separate species by one or more authors.
10 May merit treatment as a separate species (Blake 1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
11 Treated as a separate species by Meyer de Schauensee (1970) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678].
12 May merit treatment as a separate species (Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
13 Correct original spelling. Spelling delattrei in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
14 Forms a superspecies with C. kerriae; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
15 Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] suggested this and C. bartletti formed a superspecies.
16 Treated as a subspecies of C. brevirostris by Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946], but they seem to overlap in western Amazonia (Meyer de Schauensee 1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
17 Bertelli et al. (2002) [Bertelli, 2002 #292] and Bertelli & Porzecanski (2004) [Bertelli, 2004 #10777] found this to be a sister taxon to C. brevirostris + C. bartletti.
18 For treatment as a separate species from R. rufescens see Maijer (1996) [Maijer, 1996 #12112]; thus treated here as allospecies.
19 Includes kalinowskii (previously treated as a separate species by virtually all authors); see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2005) [Krabbe, 2005 #2280].
20 Includes jimenezi Cabot, 1997 [Cabot, 1997 #643], and labradori Cabot, 1997 [Cabot, 1997 #643]; see Appendix 2.2.
21 Introduced to Easter I.
22 For treatment as a separate species from N. maculosa see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570].
23 Forms a superspecies with N. darwinii and N. chacoensis; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
24 For treatment as a separate species from N. maculosa see Blake (1979) [Blake, 1979 #327] and Cabot (1992) [Cabot, 1992 #642], but see also Short (1975) [Short, 1975 #13726] and Hayes (1995) [Hayes, 1995 #13725].
25 Forms a superspecies with E. formosa; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
26 For recognition see Blake (1979) [Blake, 1979 #327] and Cabot (1992) [Cabot, 1992 #642].
27 Forms a superspecies with T. ingoufi; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
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