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THAMNOPHILIDAE - Antbirds1,2 (59:232)
EUCHREPOMIDINAE
EUCHREPOMIS Bravo, Remsen, Whitney & Brumfield, 2012 F - Formicivora callinota P.L. Sclater, 1855; type by original designation3,4
Euchrepomis sharpei   (von Berlepsch, 1901) Yellow-rumped Antwren
E slope of Andes from SE Peru (S Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Euchrepomis callinota5 Rufous-rumped Antwren
callinota (P.L. Sclater, 1855) vLocally in mountains of Costa Rica and Panama; W Andes from SW Colombia (Valle) to SW Ecuador (El Oro); E Andes from C Colombia (Cundinamarca) to N Peru (Amazonas)
venezuelana (W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1954) vMountains of NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá; Andes in Mérida and Barinas) [Phelps, 1954 #3038]
guianensis (Blake, 1949)6 vS Guyana and C Surinam
peruviana (Meyer de Schauensee, 1945) vE slope of Andes of C and SE Peru (San Martín to N Junín; S Cuzco)
Euchrepomis spodioptila Ash-winged Antwren
signata (J.T. Zimmer, 1932) vSE Colombia, NE Ecuador (north of R. Napo), NE Peru (north of R. Napo and R. Amazon) and NW Brazil (upper R. Negro)
spodioptila (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1881)7 vS Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to lower R. Negro)
meridionalis (E. Snethlage, 1925) vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós)
Euchrepomis humeralis 8,9,10  (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) Chestnut-shouldered Antwren
vE Ecuador (south of R. Napo), E Peru (south of R. Napo and R. Amazon), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Madeira and Rondônia) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz)
THAMNOPHILINAE11

Tribe MICRORHOPIINI11
MYRMORCHILUS Ridgway, 1909 M - Myiothera strigilata zu Wied, 1831; type by original designation  
Myrmorchilus strigilatus Stripe-backed Antbird
strigilatus (zu Wied, 1831) vNE Brazil (Piauí to Rio Grande do Norte, south to N Minas Gerais)
suspicax Wetmore, 1922 SE Bolivia (S Santa Cruz to E Tarija), adjacent SW Brazil (W Mato Grosso do Sul), W Paraguay and N Argentina (E Chaco and Formosa to N Santa Fé)
APROSITORNIS M.L. Isler, Bravo & Brumfield, 2013 F - Myrmeciza disjuncta Friedmann, 1945; type by original designation
Aprositornis disjuncta 12  (Friedmann, 1945) Yapacana Antbird
vS Venezuela (SW Amazonas) and adjacent E Colombia (NE Guainía); NW Brazil (NC Amazonas; C Roraima)
AMMONASTES Bravo, M.L. Isler & Brumfield, 2013 M - Myrmeciza pelzelni P.L. Sclater, 1890; type by original designation
Ammonastes pelzelni 13  (P.L. Sclater, 1890) Gray-bellied Antbird
E Colombia (SE Guainía, NE Vaupés), S Venezuela (SW Amazonas) and adjacent NW Brazil (upper R. Negro)
MYRMOPHYLAX Todd, 1927 F - Formicarius atrothorax Boddaert, 1783; type by original designation
Myrmophylax atrothorax14 Black-throated Antbird
metae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1947) C Colombia (Meta, W Guaviare)
atrothorax (Boddaert, 1783) δE Colombia (Guainía, Vaupés), S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to upper R. Negro)
tenebrosa (J.T. Zimmer, 1932) vNE Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon) and W Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to lower R. Negro)
maynana (Taczanowski, 1882) vNC Peru (south of R. Marañón, west of R. Huallaga)
melanura (Ménétries, 1835)15,16 vE Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Huallaga), S Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Tocantins), N and E Bolivia
MICRORHOPIAS P.L. Sclater, 1862 M - Thamnophilus quixensis Cornalia, 1849; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 248).  17
Microrhopias quixensis18 Dot-winged Antwren
boucardi (P.L. Sclater, 1858) S Mexico (S Veracruz and NE Oaxaca to S Campeche and S Quintana Roo), Belize, N Guatemala and N Honduras
virgatus (Lawrence, 1863) vCaribbean slope from E Honduras to C Panama and both slopes of EC Panama (Panamá, W Comarca Guna Yala)
consobrina (P.L. Sclater, 1860) δE Panama (E Comarca Guna Yala, Darién), W and NC Colombia and W Ecuador (south to Guayas)
quixensis (Cornalia, 1849) vS Colombia (Caquetá, Putumayo), E Ecuador and NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon)
intercedens J.T. Zimmer, 1932 E Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon in Loreto and N Ucayali) and W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
nigriventris Carriker, 1930 vE Andean foothills of C Peru (San Martín to N Cuzco)
albicauda Carriker, 1932 SE Peru (SE Ucayali and Madre de Dios) to N Bolivia (Pando)
microstictus (von Berlepsch, 1908) vS Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and N Brazil (C Roraima; extreme NE Pará, Amapá)
bicolor (von Pelzeln, 1868)19 αC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós and R. Teles Pires)
emiliae Chapman, 1921 E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins)
NEOCTANTES P.L. Sclater, 1869 M - Xenops niger von Pelzeln, 1859; type by original designation and monotypy  
Neoctantes niger   (von Pelzeln, 1859) Black Bushbird
vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE and SE Peru and locally in W and C Amazonian Brazil (east to upper R. Negro and lower R. Tapajós)
EPINECROPHYLLA M.L. Isler & Brumfield, 2006 F - Formicivora haematonota P.L. Sclater, 1857; type by original designation20
Epinecrophylla fulviventris 21  (Lawrence, 1862) Checker-throated Antwren
vE Honduras to Panama (mainly on Caribbean slope), W and NC Colombia and W Ecuador (south to El Oro)
Epinecrophylla gutturalis   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1881) Brown-bellied Antwren
vE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco)
Epinecrophylla leucophthalma White-eyed Antwren
leucophthalma (von Pelzeln, 1868)22 αvE Peru (NW Loreto; SE Loreto to Madre de Dios), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira and R. Aripuanã), NW and NE Bolivia (Pando, NE Santa Cruz)
dissita (J. Bond, 1950)23 vSE Peru (Puno) and adjacent N Bolivia (N La Paz)
phaeonota (Todd, 1927) vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós)
sordida (Todd, 1927)24 vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Tapajós to lower R. Tocantins)
Epinecrophylla haematonota25 Stipple-throated Antwren
pyrrhonota (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873) vNE Ecuador (Sucumbíos), NE Peru (north of R. Napo and R. Amazon), SE Colombia, S Venezuela (Amazonas, W and C Bolívar) and NW Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to R. Branco and lower R. Negro)
haematonota (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vE Peru (south of R. Napo and R. Amazon) and adjacent W Amazonian Brazil (extreme SW Amazonas, Acre)
amazonica (H. von Ihering, 1905)26 vW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Juruá to R. Madeira) and NW Bolivia (Pando)
dentei Whitney et al., 2013 C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Madeira, R. Jiparaná to lower R. Aripuanã and R. Roosevelt) [Whitney, 2013 #14819]
Epinecrophylla fjeldsaai 27  (Krabbe et al., 1999) Brown-backed Antwren/Yasuni Antwren
E Ecuador (south of R. Napo) and NC Peru (R. Napo to R. Corrientes in NW Loreto) [Krabbe, 1999 #2277]
Epinecrophylla spodionota28 Foothill Antwren
spodionota (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) vE Andean foothills of S Colombia (SE Cauca) to N Peru (N Amazonas)
sororia (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) vE Andean foothills of Peru (San Martín to Cuzco)
Epinecrophylla ornata29 Ornate Antwren
ornata (P.L. Sclater, 1853) vC Colombia (W Meta)
saturata (Chapman, 1923)30 vSC Colombia (W Caquetá to W Putumayo), E Ecuador and NE Peru (north of R. Marañón, west of R. Napo)
atrogularis (Taczanowski, 1874) vEC Peru (San Martín and Ucayali to N Cuzco) and adjacent SW Brazil (SW Amazonas, W Acre)
meridionalis (J.T. Zimmer, 1932) vSE Peru (Madre de Dios, Puno), adjacent SW Brazil (E Acre) and NW Bolivia (Pando to N Cochabamba)
hoffmannsi (Hellmayr, 1906) S and E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to lower R. Tocantins)
Epinecrophylla erythrura Rufous-tailed Antwren
erythrura (P.L. Sclater, 1890) vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon) and W Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Negro)
septentrionalis (J.T. Zimmer, 1932) vE Peru (lowlands of SE Loreto and E Andean foothills from San Martín to N Puno) and W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to Tefé and middle R. Juruá)
CLYTOCTANTES Elliot, 1870 M - Clytoctantes alixii Elliot, 1870; type by monotypy  31
Clytoctantes alixii 32  Elliot, 1870 Recurve-billed Bushbird
iLocally in C and E Andes of Colombia (Antioquia; Norte de Santander, Santander) and NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá)
Clytoctantes atrogularis   S.M. Lanyon, Stotz & Willard, 1991 Rondonia Bushbird
vSW Brazil (SE Amazonas, N Rondônia, NW Mato Grosso) [Lanyon, 1991 #2328]
Tribe FORMICIVORINI33
FORMICIVORA Swainson, 1824 F - Formicivora nigricollis Swainson, 1825; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 25). = Turdus griseus Boddaert, 1783  
Formicivora iheringi 34  Hellmayr, 1909 Narrow-billed Antwren
iE Brazil (EC Bahia to NE Minas Gerais)
Formicivora erythronotos 35  Hartlaub, 1852 Black-hooded Antwren
iCoastal SE Brazil (extreme E São Paulo and W Rio de Janeiro)
Formicivora grisea36 White-fringed Antwren
alticincta Bangs, 1902 vArch. de las Perlas (off S Panama)
hondae (Chapman, 1914) NW and NC Colombia (N Antioquia to Atlántico and Bolívar, south in Magdalena valley to Huila)
intermedia Cabanis, 1847 vN Colombia (Magdalena, Guajira, N Cesar) and N Venezuela (N Zulia to Sucre and W Monagas; Isla de Margarita); Chacachacare I. (off NW Trinidad)
fumosa (Cory, 1913)37 vNE Colombia (E Norte de Santander) and NW Venezuela (S Zulia and Trujillo to Táchira)
tobagensis Dalmas, 1900 vTobago
orenocensis Hellmayr, 1904 vC and NE Venezuela (extreme N Amazonas, N Bolívar and S Monagas)
rufiventris Carriker, 1936 vE Colombia (Meta and Guainía to Caquetá) and SW Venezuela (W Amazonas)
grisea (Boddaert, 1783)38 vGuyana, coastal Surinam, French Guiana, N, C and E Brazil (west to R. Branco and R. Madeira, south to Goiás, Ceará and NE Rio de Janeiro) and NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz)
Formicivora serrana Serra Antwren
serrana (Hellmayr, 1929) vSE Brazil (E Minas Gerais and C Espírito Santo)
interposita Gonzaga & Pacheco, 1990 vSE Brazil (extreme SE Minas Gerais and NE Rio de Janeiro) [Gonzaga, 1990 #1721]
Formicivora littoralis 39  Gonzaga & Pacheco, 1990 Restinga Antwren
vCoastal SE Brazil (C Rio de Janeiro) [Gonzaga, 1990 #1721]
Formicivora melanogaster40 Black-bellied Antwren
melanogaster von Pelzeln, 186841 αSE Bolivia, S Brazil (S Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul to S Bahia, N Minas Gerais and W São Paulo) and NW Paraguay
bahiae Hellmayr, 1909 NE Brazil (E Maranhão to Rio Grande do Norte, south to N Bahia)
Formicivora rufa Rusty-backed Antwren
urubambae J.T. Zimmer, 1932 Locally in E Andean foothills of Peru (San Martín and Cuzco)
chapmani Cherrie, 1916 S Surinam and NC Brazil (NE Pará and Amapá to Piauí)
rufa (zu Wied, 1831) vSE Peru (Pampas de Heath), S and E Brazil (E Acre to Bahia, E Rio de Janeiro, W São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul) and NE Paraguay
Formicivora grantsaui   Gonzaga, Carvalhaes & Buzzetti, 2007 Sincora Antwren
Mountains of E Brazil (Serra do Sincora in C Bahia) [Gonzaga, 2007 #9874]
Formicivora acutirostris 42  (Bornschein, Reinert & Teixeira, 1995) Parana Antwren
vCoastal SE Brazil (Paraná to extreme NE Rio Grande do Sul) [Bornschein, 1995 #440]
Formicivora paludicola 43  Buzzetti et al., 2013 Marsh Antwren
SE Brazil (E São Paulo) [Buzzetti, 2013 #15490]
MYRMOCHANES J.A. Allen, 1889 M - Myrmochanes hypoleucus J.A. Allen, 1889; type by original designation = Hypocnemis hemileuca P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866  44
Myrmochanes hemileucus   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866) Black-and-white Antbird
vNE Ecuador (along R. Napo), E Peru (along lower R. Marañón, R. Napo, R. Ucayali), W Amazonian Brazil (along upper and middle R. Amazon and R. Madeira) and N Bolivia (along R. Beni)
MYRMOTHERULA P.L. Sclater, 1858 F - Muscicapa pygmaea J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 229). = Muscicapa brachyura Hermann, 1783  
Myrmotherula brachyura   (Hermann, 1783) Pygmy Antwren
vAmazonia, S Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas) and the Guianas
Myrmotherula ignota45 Moustached Antwren
ignota Griscom, 1929 vEC Panama (E Colón, E Panamá) to NC and W Colombia and NW Ecuador (south to NW Pichincha)
obscura J.T. Zimmer, 193246 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (south to N Ucayali and E Pasco) and W Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro, upper R. Juruá and lower R. Tefé)
Myrmotherula ambigua   J.T. Zimmer, 1932 Yellow-throated Antwren
vE Colombia (SE Guainía, NE Vaupés), S Venezuela (SW Amazonas) and NW Brazil (locally east to R. Branco and lower R. Negro)
Myrmotherula sclateri 47  E. Snethlage, 1912 Sclater's Antwren
iE Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Ucayali), W and C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Teles Pires and lower R. Xingu), NW and NE Bolivia
Myrmotherula surinamensis   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Guianan Streaked Antwren
vS Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, S Delta Amacuro), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco)
Myrmotherula multostriata 48  P.L. Sclater, 1858 Amazonian Streaked Antwren
vSE Colombia, S Venezuela (extreme W Amazonas), E Ecuador, E Peru, W and S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro, R. Pindaré and R. Tocantins), NW and NE Bolivia
Myrmotherula pacifica   Hellmayr, 1911 Pacific Antwren
vNW and EC Panama (Bocas del Toro, E Panamá) to NC and W Colombia and W Ecuador (south to N Manabí and E Guayas)
Myrmotherula cherriei   von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 Cherrie's Antwren
iE Colombia (Meta and Vichada to Vaupés), S Venezuela (Amazonas), NE Peru (along lower R. Tigre and R. Nanay) and NW Brazil (R. Negro and lower R. Branco drainages)
Myrmotherula klagesi 49  Todd, 1927 Klages's Antwren
iC Amazonian Brazil (along lower R. Branco, lower R. Negro, lower R. Madeira and east along R. Amazon to mouth of R. Tapajós)
Myrmotherula longicauda Stripe-chested Antwren
soderstromi Gyldenstolpe, 1930 E Andean foothills of SW Colombia (W Putumayo) to C Ecuador (Napo)
pseudoaustralis Gyldenstolpe, 1930 vE Andean foothills of C Ecuador (Morona-Santiago) to C Peru (Pasco)
longicauda von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894 E Andean foothills of C Peru (N Junín)
australis Chapman, 1923 vE Andean foothills of SE Peru (E Cuzco, W Madre de Dios) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Myrmotherula axillaris50 White-flanked Antwren
albigula Lawrence, 1865 Caribbean slope from E Honduras to NW Colombia (Sucre, N Antioquia); Pacific slope from C Panama (Panamá) to W Ecuador (N Manabí, NW Azuay)
melaena (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vN and E Colombia (middle and lower Magdalena valley and east of Andes), W Venezuela (W Zulia to W Barinas; NW Bolívar, W Amazonas), NW Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Negro), E Ecuador and NE Peru
axillaris (Vieillot, 1817) vE Venezuela (E Amazonas to NE Monagas), Trinidad, the Guianas, E Amazonian Brazil (west to R. Branco and R. Madeira) and NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz)
heterozyga J.T. Zimmer, 193251 vE Peru (Ucayali to Madre de Dios) and W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
fresnayana (d'Orbigny, 1835) vSE Peru (N Puno), NW and C Bolivia (Pando to W Santa Cruz)
luctuosa von Pelzeln, 186852 αvCoastal E Brazil (Paraíba to Rio de Janeiro)
Myrmotherula schisticolor Slaty Antwren
schisticolor (Lawrence, 1865) Locally in foothills and mountains of SE Mexico (Chiapas) to Panama; W and C Andes of Colombia, W slope of Andes of Ecuador
sanctaemartae J.A. Allen, 1900 Santa Marta Mts.; Sierra de Perijá; Andes and Coastal Range of Venezuela
interior (Chapman, 1914) vE Andes of Colombia to S Peru (Puno)
Myrmotherula sunensis Rio Suno Antwren
sunensis Chapman, 1925 vSW Colombia (W Putumayo) to E Ecuador (Pastaza)
yessupi J. Bond, 1950 C Peru (E Huánuco, E Pasco); ? W Amazonian Brazil (R. Juruá)
Myrmotherula minor   Salvadori, 1864 Salvadori's Antwren
vCoastal SE Brazil (SE Bahia S to extreme NE Santa Catarina)
Myrmotherula longipennis53 Long-winged Antwren
longipennis von Pelzeln, 186854 αvNE Ecuador (north of R. Napo), N Peru (north of R. Napo and R. Amazon), SE Colombia, S Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
zimmeri Chapman, 1925 E Ecuador (south of R. Napo) and NE Peru (south of R. Napo, north of R. Marañón)
garbei H. von Ihering, 1905 E Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira) and NW Bolivia
ochrogyna Todd, 1927 vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós)
paraensis (Todd, 1920) vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
transitiva Hellmayr, 1929 vS Amazonian Brazil (upper R. Madeira to upper R. Tapajós)
Myrmotherula urosticta 55  (P.L. Sclater, 1857) Band-tailed Antwren
vCoastal E Brazil (Bahia to E Rio de Janeiro)
Myrmotherula iheringi56 Ihering's Antwren
1 heteroptera Todd, 1927 vW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Purus and lower R. Madeira)
2 iheringi E. Snethlage, 1914 C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira and R. Jiparaná to R. Tapajós)
3 oreni L. Miranda et al., 2013 SE Peru (extreme S Ucayali, NE Cuzco, Madre de Dios, N Puno), SW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Purus in E Acre) and NW Bolivia (Pando) [Miranda, 2013 #14820]
Myrmotherula fluminensis 57  Gonzaga, 1988 Rio de Janeiro Antwren
vSE Brazil (C Rio de Janeiro) [Gonzaga, 1988 #1720]
Myrmotherula grisea 58  Carriker, 1935 Ashy Antwren/Yungas Antwren
vE Andean foothills of SE Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Myrmotherula unicolor 59  (Ménétries, 1835) Unicolored Antwren
iSE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro to NE Rio Grande do Sul)
Myrmotherula snowi 60  Teixeira & Gonzaga, 1985 Alagoas Antwren
iLocally in NE Brazil (E Pernambuco and NE Alagoas) [Teixeira, 1985 #3811]
Myrmotherula behni Plain-winged Antwren
behni von Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890 Locally on E slope of Andes from SC Colombia (W Meta) to S Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe)
yavii J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1948 Tepuis of S Venezuela (W Bolívar, Amazonas except Cerro Camani) and adjacent Brazil (extreme N Amazonas)
camanii W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1952 Tepuis of C Venezuela (Cerro Camani in N Amazonas) [Phelps, 1952 #3034]
inornata P.L. Sclater, 1890 vTepuis of SE Venezuela (S and SE Bolívar) and adjacent Brazil (extreme N Roraima); ? W Guyana (Pakaraima Mts.)
Myrmotherula menetriesii Gray Antwren
pallida von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 vS Venezuela (Amazonas, W Bolívar), E and SE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Amazon) and W Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to lower R. Negro)
cinereiventris P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 186861 αvSE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco)
menetriesii (d'Orbigny, 1837) E Peru (south of R. Amazon), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira) and NW Bolivia
berlepschi Hellmayr, 1903 C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós) and NE Bolivia
omissa Todd, 1927 vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
Myrmotherula assimilis Leaden Antwren
assimilis von Pelzeln, 186862 αvNE Peru (lower R. Marañón, R. Amazon), W Amazonian Brazil (upper and middle R. Amazon, lower R. Juruá, lower R. Purus, lower R. Negro, R. Madeira) and N Bolivia (lower R. Beni, R. Guaporé)
transamazonica Gyldenstolpe, 1951 vEC Amazonian Brazil (along R. Amazon in W Pará, east to mouth of R. Tapajós) [Gyldenstolpe, 1951 #1846]
TERENURA Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Myiothera maculata zu Wied, 1831; type by monotypy  63
Terenura sicki   Teixeira & Gonzaga, 1983 Orange-bellied Antwren
iNE Brazil (E Pernambuco and E Alagoas) [Teixeira, 1983 #3810]
Terenura maculata 64  (zu Wied, 1831) Streak-capped Antwren
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia, Espírito Santo and S Minas Gerais to Santa Catarina), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
Tribe THAMNOPHILINI65
DICHROZONA Ridgway, 1888 F - Dichrozona zononota Ridgway, 1888; type by original designation  
Dichrozona cincta 66  (von Pelzeln, 1868) Banded Antbird
vSW Venezuela (SW Amazonas), SC and SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W and S Amazonian Brazil (east to upper R. Negro and lower R. Tocantins) and NW Bolivia
RHOPIAS Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Thamnophilus gularis von Spix, 1825; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 229).67
Rhopias gularis   (von Spix, 1825) Star-throated Antwren
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to W Paraná and NE Rio Grande do Sul)
ISLERIA Bravo, Chesser & Brumfield, 2012 F - Myrmothera guttata Vieillot, 1824; type by original designation68
Isleria hauxwelli Plain-throated Antwren
suffusa (J.T. Zimmer, 1932)69 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon) and W Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to R. Japurá)
hauxwelli (P.L. Sclater, 1857)70 E Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), W and C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Xingu) and N Bolivia
hellmayri (E. Snethlage, 1906) E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Xingu)
Isleria guttata 71  (Vieillot, 1824) α Rufous-bellied Antwren
vS Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
THAMNOMANES Cabanis, 1847 M - Lanius caesia M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 53). = Muscicapa caesia Temminck, 1820  
Thamnomanes ardesiacus72,73 Dusky-throated Antshrike
ardesiacus (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868) vSC and extreme SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru (except SE Loreto south of R. Amazon and east of R. Ucayali), SW Amazonian Brazil (SE Acre) and NW Bolivia
obidensis (E. Snethlage, 1914) vE Colombia, S and E Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to upper R. Negro; south of R. Amazon from Tefé to lower R. Purus)
Thamnomanes saturninus74,75 Saturnine Antshrike
huallagae (Cory, 1916)76 NE Peru (south of lower R. Marañón and R. Amazon in SE Loreto) and adjacent W Amazonian Brazil
saturninus (von Pelzeln, 1868)77 αvC and S Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Juruá and upper R. Purus to R. Tapajós and R. Teles Pires) and extreme NE Bolivia
Thamnomanes caesius78 Cinereous Antshrike
glaucus Cabanis, 1847 vN Peru (north of R. Amazon, west of R. Huallaga), E Ecuador, S and E Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
persimilis Hellmayr, 190779 vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Juruá, lower R. Purus and R. Madeira to R. Tapajós) and extreme NE Bolivia
simillimus Gyldenstolpe, 195180 vSC Amazonian Brazil (middle R. Purus) [Gyldenstolpe, 1951 #1846]
hoffmannsi Hellmayr, 1906 E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
caesius (Temminck, 1820) vE Brazil (Pernambuco to Rio de Janeiro)
Thamnomanes schistogynus81 Bluish-slate Antshrike
intermedius Carriker, 193582 vC Peru (south of R. Amazon and east of R. Huallaga, south to Ucayali and E Junín)
schistogynus Hellmayr, 1911 vW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Juruá and upper R. Purus) and SE Peru (N Cuzco, Madre de Dios) to W Bolivia (N Cochabamba)
MEGASTICTUS Ridgway, 1909 M - Myrmeciza margaritata P.L. Sclater, 1855; type by original designation  
Megastictus margaritatus   (P.L. Sclater, 1855) Pearly Antshrike
vLocally in S Venezuela, S and SE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE and EC Peru (Loreto, Ucayali) and WC Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Negro; south of R. Amazon, R. Juruá to R. Madeira drainage)
DYSITHAMNUS Cabanis, 1847 M - Myothera [sic] strictothorax [sic] Temminck, 1823; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 42).  83
Dysithamnus stictothorax   (Temminck, 1823) Spot-breasted Antvireo
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia to Santa Catarina) and NE Argentina (N Misiones)
Dysithamnus mentalis Plain Antvireo
septentrionalis Ridgway, 1908 vCaribbean slope from SE Mexico (S Campeche, E Tabasco, NE Chiapas) to N Honduras; foothills of Costa Rica to C Panama (W Panamá)
suffusus Nelson, 1912 vFoothills of EC Panama (C Panamá) to NW Colombia (N Chocó, NW Antioquia)
extremus Todd, 1916 vW Andes and W slope of C Andes of Colombia
aequatorialis Todd, 1916 vLowlands and foothills of NW Ecuador (W Esmeraldas, Pichincha) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
viridis Aveledo & A.R. Pons, 1952 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of W Venezuela and north end of E Andes of Colombia (south to N Santander) [Aveledo, 1952 #114]
cumbreanus Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1915 vMountains of N Venezuela (Falcón and Lara to N Sucre)
oberi Ridgway, 1908 Tobago
andrei Hellmayr, 1906 NE Venezuela (S Sucre to NE Bolívar) and Trinidad; ? W and S Guyana
ptaritepui J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1946 Tepuis of SE Venezuela (Sororopán Tepui and Cerro Ptaritepui in SE Bolívar)
spodionotus Salvin & Godman, 1883 vTepuis of S Venezuela (S Bolívar, Amazonas) and N Brazil (N Roraima)
semicinereus P.L. Sclater, 1855 vE slope of W Andes and E Andes (S Santander to W Caquetá) of Colombia
napensis Chapman, 192584 vE slope of Andes from SW Colombia (W Putumayo) to N Peru (N Amazonas)
tambillanus Taczanowski, 1884 vE slope of Andes in N and C Peru (S Amazonas to Huánuco)
olivaceus (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes in C Peru (Pasco to Cuzco and W Madre de Dios)
tavarae J.T. Zimmer, 1932 E slope of Andes of SE Peru (S Madre de Dios) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
emiliae Hellmayr, 1912 NE Brazil (NE Pará to Rio Grande do Norte, south to N Tocantins and Alagoas)
affinis von Pelzeln, 186885 αvNE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz) and C Brazil (S Mato Grosso, N Mato Grosso do Sul, S Tocantins and N Goiás)
mentalis (Temminck, 1823) vE Brazil (E Bahia and S Minas Gerais to SE Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
Dysithamnus striaticeps 86  Lawrence, 1865 Streak-crowned Antvireo
iCaribbean slope from E Honduras to Costa Rica
Dysithamnus puncticeps 87  Salvin, 1866 Spot-crowned Antvireo
Extreme SE Costa Rica (SE Limón), Panama (mainly on Caribbean slope), NC and W Colombia and NW Ecuador (south to N Manabí and NW Pichincha)
Dysithamnus xanthopterus   Burmeister, 1856 Rufous-backed Antvireo
vCoastal mountains of SE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro to E Santa Catarina)
Dysithamnus occidentalis88 Bicolored Antvireo
occidentalis (Chapman, 1923) vLocally in W Andes of Colombia (W Risaralda) to NW Ecuador (Carchi)
punctitectus Chapman, 1924 vLocally on E slope of Andes from N Ecuador (Napo) to N Peru (Amazonas)
Dysithamnus leucostictus89 White-streaked Antvireo
tucuyensis E. Hartert, 189490 vMountains of N Venezuela (Falcón and Lara to NW Miranda; N Monagas)
leucostictus P.L. Sclater, 1858 vE slope of Andes from C Colombia (S Cundinamarca) to N Peru (NE Cajamarca, NW Amazonas)
Dysithamnus plumbeus 91  (zu Wied, 1831) Plumbeous Antvireo
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia and E Minas Gerais to E Rio de Janeiro)
HERPSILOCHMUS Cabanis, 1847 M - Myiothera pileata M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 42).  
Herpsilochmus sellowi 92,93  Whitney & Pacheco, 2000 Caatinga Antwren
iNE Brazil (E Maranhão to Rio Grande do Norte, south to N Minas Gerais) [Whitney, 2000 #4202]
Herpsilochmus pileatus 94  (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) Bahia Antwren
vCoastal E Brazil (E Bahia)
Herpsilochmus atricapillus 95,96  von Pelzeln, 1868 α Black-capped Antwren
iE and SC Brazil (E Maranhão to Rio Grande do Norte, south to Mato Grosso do Sul and São Paulo), N and E Paraguay, S Bolivia and NW Argentina (E Jujuy, NW Salta)
Herpsilochmus praedictus   Cohn-Haft & Bravo, 2013 Predicted Antwren
vW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Juruá to R. Madeira) [Cohn-Haft, 2013 #14821]
Herpsilochmus stotzi   Whitney, Cohn-Haft, Bravo, Schunck & Silveira, 2013 Aripuana Antwren
C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Madeira, R. Jiparaná to R. Aripuanã) [Whitney, 2013 #14822]
Herpsilochmus motacilloides 97  Taczanowski, 1874 Creamy-bellied Antwren
iE slope of Andes in C Peru (Huánuco to Cuzco)
Herpsilochmus parkeri   Davis, T.J. & O'Neill, 1986 Ash-throated Antwren
iE Andean foothills of N Peru (Mayo valley in N San Martín) [Davis, 1986 #1132]
Herpsilochmus sticturus   Salvin, 1885 Spot-tailed Antwren
vE Venezuela (N Bolívar east of R. Caura), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Trombetas)
Herpsilochmus dugandi 98  Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 Dugand's Antwren
iS Colombia (SW Caquetá, W Putumayo and extreme SE Amazonas), E Ecuador and NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon)
Herpsilochmus stictocephalus   Todd, 1927 Todd's Antwren
vExtreme E Venezuela (NE Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon in Pará and Amapá)
Herpsilochmus gentryi 99  Whitney & Alvarez Alonso, 1998 Ancient Antwren
iE Ecuador (SE Pastaza) and NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and west of R. Napo in NW Loreto) [Whitney, 1998 #4200]
Herpsilochmus dorsimaculatus 100  von Pelzeln, 1868 α Spot-backed Antwren
vE Colombia (E Guainía, E Vaupés), S Venezuela (Amazonas, W and S Bolívar) and N Brazil (upper R. Negro drainage to upper R. Branco and lower R. Trombetas)
Herpsilochmus roraimae Roraiman Antwren
kathleenae W.H. Phelps, Jr. & Dickerman, 1980 Tepuis of SW Venezuela (Amazonas, W and C Bolívar) and adjacent Brazil (extreme N Amazonas) [Phelps, 1980 #3052]
roraimae Hellmayr, 1903 Tepuis of SE Venezuela (SE Bolívar), adjacent Brazil (extreme N Roraima) and W Guyana
Herpsilochmus pectoralis 101  P.L. Sclater, 1857 Pectoral Antwren
vLocally in NE Brazil (NE Maranhão; E Rio Grande do Norte to NE Bahia)
Herpsilochmus longirostris 102  von Pelzeln, 1868 α Large-billed Antwren
vNE to SC Brazil (S Piauí to S Mato Grosso and N Paraná) and N Bolivia (N Beni, N Santa Cruz)
Herpsilochmus axillaris Yellow-breasted Antwren
senex J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 W Andes of Colombia (Risaralda to Cauca)
aequatorialis Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885103 vE slope of Andes from SW Colombia (SW Caquetá) to N Peru (N Cajamarca)
puncticeps Taczanowski, 1882 E slope of Andes of N and C Peru (S Amazonas to Junín)
axillaris (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes of SE Peru (Cuzco, W Madre de Dios, Puno)
Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus104 Rufous-winged Antwren
exiguus Nelson, 1912 vE Panama (E Panamá) to NC Colombia (S Bolívar); locally in W Ecuador (Esmeraldas, S Pichincha, N Los Ríos)
frater P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880 Sierra de Perijá; Coastal Range and Andean foothills of Venezuela; E slope of Andes from Colombia to C Bolivia; C Venezuela; SW Guyana; NE to SW Amazonian Brazil and N Bolivia
scapularis (zu Wied, 1831) vE Brazil (E Paraíba to E Alagoas; E Bahia, Espírito Santo and E Minas Gerais)
rufimarginatus (Temminck, 1822) vSE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, NE Santa Catarina), NE Argentina (Misiones) and E Paraguay
CYMBILAIMUS G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Lanius lineatus Leach, 1814; type by original designation  105
Cymbilaimus lineatus Fasciated Antshrike
fasciatus Ridgway, 1884106 vE Honduras to W and NC Colombia, NW Venezuela (W Zulia, SW Portuguesa and W Barinas) and NW Ecuador (N Manabí and SW Pichincha)
intermedius E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917107 vS Venezuela (Amazonas, W Bolívar), S and SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W and S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Branco and R. Tocantins), NW and NE Bolivia
lineatus (Leach, 1814) vSE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco)
Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae 108  Gyldenstolpe, 1941 Bamboo Antshrike
iLocally in SE Peru (SE Ucayali, N Cuzco, Madre de Dios), SW Amazonian Brazil (Acre to N Rondônia) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz, N Beni)
TARABA Lesson, 1831 M - Thamnophilus major Vieillot, 1816; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 180).  
Taraba major109 Great Antshrike
1 melanocrissus (P.L. Sclater, 1860) Caribbean slope from S Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to W Panama (Bocas del Toro)
1 obscurus J.T. Zimmer, 1933 vPacific slope of Costa Rica, Panama (except Bocas del Toro), W Colombia (Pacific slope south to C Nariño; middle Cauca valley)
1 transandeanus (P.L. Sclater, 1855) vSW Colombia (SW Nariño) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
1 granadensis (Cabanis, 1872) vN and C Colombia (Córdoba to Magdalena, south in Magdalena valley to Tolima and along base of E Andes to W Meta) and NW Venezuela (Zulia and Táchira to NE Miranda)
2 semifasciatus (Cabanis, 1872) vE Colombia (E Vichada), and NE and S Venezuela (SE Miranda to Paria Pen., south to Amazonas and Bolívar), Trinidad, the Guianas, E Amazonian Brazil (west to Roraima, E Amazonas and N Mato Grosso)
2 duidae Chapman, 1929 Tepuis of S Venezuela (Serranía de la Neblina in S Amazonas and Meseta del Cerro Jaua in SW Bolívar)
2 melanurus (P.L. Sclater, 1855) vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru and W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to middle R. Purus)
2 borbae (von Pelzeln, 1868)110 αSC Amazonian Brazil (E Amazonas along lower R. Purus and R. Madeira, and N Rondônia)
2 stagurus (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) E Brazil (E Maranhão to Pernambuco, south to E Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo)
2 major (Vieillot, 1816) vN and E Bolivia, SC Brazil (S Mato Grosso to W Minas Gerais and W São Paulo), W Paraguay and N Argentina (south to Córdoba and N Buenos Aires)
HYPOEDALEUS Cabanis & F Heine, Sr., 1860 M - Thamnophilus guttatus Vieillot, 1816; type by monotypy  111
Hypoedaleus guttatus 112  (Vieillot, 1816) Spot-backed Antshrike
E and SE Brazil (E Alagoas; SE Bahia to extreme E Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and extreme NE Argentina (Misiones)
BATARA Lesson, 1831 F - Lanius undulatus Mikan, 1820; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 61). = Tamnophilus cinereus Vieillot, 1819  
Batara cinerea Giant Antshrike
excubitor J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 E slope of Andes of C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
argentina Shipton, 1918113 vE slope of Andes of S Bolivia (Chuquisaca, SW Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (N Tucumán); chaco of SE Bolivia (S Santa Cruz) and W Paraguay
cinerea (Vieillot, 1819) vSE Brazil (S Espírito Santo to S Paraná and C Rio Grande do Sul) and NE Argentina (Misiones)
MACKENZIAENA C. Chubb, 1918 F - Thamnophilus leachii Such, 1825; type by original designation  
Mackenziaena leachii   (Such, 1825) Large-tailed Antshrike
iSE Brazil (S Espírito Santo and S Minas Gerais to Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
Mackenziaena severa   (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) Tufted Antshrike
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to E Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
FREDERICKENA C. Chubb, 1918 F - Thamnophilus viridis Vieillot, 1816; type by original designation  114
Frederickena viridis 115  (Vieillot, 1816) Black-throated Antshrike
vSE Venezuela (Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to lower R. Negro and upper R. Branco drainage)
Frederickena unduliger Undulated Antshrike
unduliger (von Pelzeln, 1868)116 ΘNW Brazil (middle and upper R. Negro)
diversa J.T. Zimmer, 1944 vE Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Ucayali) to NW Bolivia (N La Paz, S Beni) and W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Juruá)
pallida J.T. Zimmer, 1944 vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Purus to R. Madeira), ? NE Bolivia (NE Pando)
Frederickena fulva 117  J.T. Zimmer, 1944 Fulvous Antshrike
vSC Colombia (W Caquetá, W Putumayo), E Ecuador, N and C Peru (north of R. Amazon and west of R. Ucayali)
SAKESPHORUS C. Chubb, 1918 M - Lanius canadensis Linnaeus, 1766; type by original designation  118
Sakesphorus canadensis119 Black-crested Antshrike
pulchellus (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860)120,121 αvN Colombia (N Chocó to Guajira and W Santander) and NW Venezuela (Zulia, W and C Falcón, N Lara)
intermedius (Cherrie, 1916) vE Colombia (Arauca to Meta and Vichada), W, C and SE Venezuela (W Apure to E Falcón, Miranda, N Amazonas, N and E Bolívar) and N Brazil (upper R. Branco drainage)
trinitatis (Ridgway, 1891)122 αNE Venezuela (E Anzoátegui to Delta Amacuro), Trinidad and Guyana
canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766) vSurinam and N French Guiana
fumosus J.T. Zimmer, 1933 vS Venezuela (S Amazonas)
loretoyacuensis (E. Bartlett, 1882) vLocally in NE Peru (along lower R. Ucayali, lower R. Marañón and R. Amazon), extreme SE Colombia (SE Amazonas) and W Amazonian Brazil (along R. Amazon east to Manaus, R. Negro and lower R. Branco)
Sakesphorus cristatus   (zu Wied, 1831) Silvery-cheeked Antshrike
vNE Brazil (E Piauí to Rio Grande do Norte, south to C Minas Gerais)
Sakesphorus luctuosus 123  (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) Glossy Antshrike
vC and E Amazonian Brazil (along N bank of R. Amazon west to R. Negro, south of R. Amazon from lower R. Purus and R. Madeira to R. Xingu and lower R. Tocantins)
THAMNOPHILUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Lanius doliatus Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (Swainson, 1824, Zool. Journ., 1, p. 301).  124,125
Thamnophilus doliatus126 Barred Antshrike
intermedius Ridgway, 1888127 vE and S Mexico (S Tamaulipas, E Oaxaca) to W Panama (W Chiriquí, Bocas del Toro)
nigricristatus Lawrence, 1865 vW and C Panama (E Chiriquí to Panama and E Colón)
eremnus Wetmore, 1957 vIsla de Coiba (off SW Panama) [Wetmore, 1957 #4141]
nesiotes Wetmore, 1970 Arch. de las Perlas (off S Panama) [Wetmore, 1970 #4152]
albicans Lafresnaye, 1844 N and C Colombia (N Antioquia to Guajira and Bolívar, south in Magdalena valley to Huila)
nigrescens Lawrence, 1867 NE Colombia (NE Norte de Santander) and NW Venezuela (S Zulia, N Táchira, W Mérida)
tobagensis E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 vTobago
doliatus (Linnaeus, 1764)128 vE Colombia (E Norte de Santander to Meta and Guainía), Venezuela (except NW), Trinidad, the Guianas and N Brazil (upper R. Branco drainage, R. Trombetas to Ilha de Marajó)
radiatus Vieillot, 1816129 vNE Ecuador, E Peru, SE Colombia (S Amazonas), W and SC Brazil (along N bank of R. Amazon to R. Trombetas, south of R. Amazon east to R. Tapajós, Mato Grosso do Sul, W Paraná and São Paulo), N and E Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina
cadwaladeri J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 E Andean foothills of S Bolivia (Tarija)
difficilis Hellmayr, 1903 vEC Brazil (NE Pará and Maranhão to E Mato Grosso, Goiás and extreme W Bahia)
capistratus Lesson, 1840 vE Brazil (E Piauí to Rio Grande do Norte, south to N Minas Gerais)
Thamnophilus ruficapillus130 Rufous-capped Antshrike
jaczewskii Domaniewski, 1925 Andes of NW Peru (C Cajamarca, S Amazonas, NW San Martín)
marcapatae Hellmayr, 1912 E slope of Andes of S Peru (E Cuzco, Puno)
subfasciatus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1876 vE slope of Andes of NW Bolivia (La Paz, W Cochabamba)
cochabambae (Chapman, 1921) E slope of Andes of C Bolivia (E Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (Tucumán)
ruficapillus Vieillot, 1816 SE Brazil (E Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (south to NE Buenos Aires) and Uruguay
Thamnophilus torquatus   Swainson, 1825 Rufous-winged Antshrike
vEC and E Brazil (SE Pará to Pernambuco, south to Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and NW Rio de Janeiro), NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz) and NE Paraguay
Thamnophilus zarumae131 Chapman's Antshrike
zarumae Chapman, 1921 SW Ecuador (El Oro, Loja) and NW Peru (Tumbes, NE Piura)
palamblae J.T. Zimmer, 1933 NW Peru (SE Piura, NE Lambayeque)
Thamnophilus multistriatus Bar-crested Antshrike
brachyurus Todd, 1927 vW Andes (on W slope south from Valle) and W slope of E Andes of Colombia
selvae Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 W slope of W Andes of Colombia (headwaters of R. San Juan in Risaralda)
multistriatus Lafresnaye, 1844 vE slope of C Andes and W slope of E Andes of Colombia
oecotonophilus Borrero & Hernández-Camacho, 1958 vMountains of NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá); E slope of E Andes of NE Colombia (Norte de Santander to N Boyacá) [Borrero, 1958 #444]
Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus132 Lined Antshrike
tenuepunctatus Lafresnaye, 1853 δvLocally on E slope of E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander, Cundinamarca, W Meta)
tenuifasciatus Lawrence, 1867 vE slope of Andes of S Colombia (W Putumayo) to S Ecuador (C Morona-Santiago)
berlepschi Taczanowski, 1884133 E slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) to N Peru (San Martín)
Thamnophilus palliatus Chestnut-backed Antshrike
similis J.T. Zimmer, 1933 vE slope of Andes of C Peru (Huánuco to Junín)
puncticeps P.L. Sclater, 1890 E slope of Andes of SE Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz) and lowlands of C and E Bolivia and C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós and R. Teles Pires)
palliatus (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) vNE Brazil (lower R. Tapajós to Maranhão; E Paraíba to NE Bahia)
vestitus (Lesson, 1831)134,135 αvCoastal E Brazil (SE Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)
Thamnophilus bernardi136 Collared Antshrike
bernardi Lesson, 1844137 W Ecuador (S Manabí) to W Peru (NW Ancash)
shumbae (Carriker, 1934) NC Peru (Marañón valley in E Cajamarca and W Amazonas)
Thamnophilus bridgesi   P.L. Sclater, 1856 Black-hooded Antshrike
iPacific slope from NW Costa Rica (SE Guanacaste) to WC Panama (Azuero Pen.)
Thamnophilus atrinucha138 Black-crowned Antshrike
atrinucha Salvin & Godman, 1892139 S Belize and NE Guatemala to Panama (mainly on Caribbean slope), N, NC and W Colombia, NW Venezuela, W Ecuador and extreme NW Peru
gorgonae Thayer & Bangs, 1905 Isla Gorgona (off SW Colombia)
Thamnophilus schistaceus Plain-winged Antshrike
1 heterogynus (Hellmayr, 1907)140 vW Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Japurá and lower R. Juruá to lower R. Madeira)
2 capitalis P.L. Sclater, 1858 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador and NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon)
2 schistaceus d'Orbigny, 1837141 vE Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), S Amazonian Brazil (upper R. Juruá to upper R. Madeira, and east from R. Madeira to R. Tocantins) and N and E Bolivia
Thamnophilus murinus Mouse-colored Antshrike
murinus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868142 αvE Colombia (E Guainía, E Vaupés), S and E Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam and N Brazil (R. Negro and R. Branco drainages)
cayennensis Todd, 1927143 vFrench Guiana and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to lower R. Nhamundá)
canipennis Todd, 1927 vSE Colombia (Amazonas), E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Japurá and R. Madeira) and N Bolivia (E Pando)
Thamnophilus nigriceps 144,145  P.L. Sclater, 1869 Black Antshrike
E Panama (E Panamá, Darién), N Colombia (N Chocó, W Guajira to Tolima)
Thamnophilus praecox   J.T. Zimmer, 1937 Cocha Antshrike
iNE Ecuador (E Napo, E Sucumbíos)
Thamnophilus cryptoleucus 146  (Menegaux & Hellmayr, 1906) Castelnau's Antshrike
vNE Ecuador, N Peru (R. Napo, R. Marañón, R. Santiago, R. Ucayali), W Brazil (to mouth of R. Negro)
Thamnophilus nigrocinereus147,148 Blackish-gray Antshrike
cinereoniger von Pelzeln, 1868149 αvNE Colombia (R. Meta), SW Venezuela (upper R. Orinoco, lower R. Uaupés), NW Brazil (R. Negro)
tschudii von Pelzeln, 1868150 αWC Brazil (lower R. Madeira in E Amazonas)
huberi E. Snethlage, 1907 EC Brazil (lower R. Tapajós in W Pará)
nigrocinereus P.L. Sclater, 1855 vE Brazil (mouth of R. Tapajós, lower R. Amazon to Amapá)
kulczynskii (Domaniewski & Stolzmann, 1922) E French Guiana, NE Brazil (N Amapá)
Thamnophilus punctatus151 Northern Slaty Antshrike
interpositus E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 vW Venezuela (Táchira to Apure), Colombia (Boyacá to W Caquetá)
punctatus (Shaw, 1809) vE and S Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil (NE Amazonas to Amapá), E Colombia (Guainía, Vaupés)
leucogaster Hellmayr, 1924152 S Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe), N Peru (Amazonas, Cajamarca)
huallagae Carriker, 1934153 N Peru (San Martín)
Thamnophilus stictocephalus154 Natterer's Slaty Antshrike
stictocephalus von Pelzeln, 1868155,156 αvC Brazil (south of R. Amazon, Pará to Rondônia, N and W Mato Grosso), N Bolivia (N Beni)
parkeri M.L. Isler, P.R. Isler & Whitney, 1997 NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz) [Isler, 1997 #2093]
Thamnophilus sticturus 157,158  von Pelzeln, 1868 α Bolivian Slaty Antshrike
vC and E Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), Brazil (W Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), N Paraguay
Thamnophilus pelzelni 159  Hellmayr, 1924 Planalto Slaty Antshrike
iC and E Brazil (E Maranhão to W Bahia; E and S Mato Grosso to W São Paulo)
Thamnophilus ambiguus 160  Swainson, 1825 Sooretama Slaty Antshrike
vSE Brazil (S Sergipe to Rio de Janeiro; NE São Paulo)
Thamnophilus caerulescens161 Variable Antshrike
melanchrous P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1876162 δvPeru south of R. Marañón (E slope of Andes from Amazonas to N Puno)
aspersiventer d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 SE Peru (SE Puno), WC Bolivia (E slope of Andes in La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)
dinellii von Berlepsch, 1906 EC and S Bolivia (Santa Cruz to Tarija), N Argentina (Jujuy, Formosa to La Rioja, Santa Fé)
paraguayensis Hellmayr, 1904 vSE Bolivia (Santa Cruz), NW and NC Paraguay, S Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul)
gilvigaster von Pelzeln, 1868163 αNE Argentina (east of R. Paraná), SE Brazil (SE São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay
caerulescens Vieillot, 1816164 SE Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones), SE Brazil (SE Bahia to W Paraná, Rio de Janeiro)
ochraceiventer E. Snethlage, 1928 EC Brazil (S Tocantins, SC Bahia to Goiás)
cearensis (Cory, 1919)165 vNE Brazil (Ceará, Pernambuco, Alagoas)
Thamnophilus unicolor Uniform Antshrike
grandior Hellmayr, 1924 vColombia (Andean slopes), E slopes in Ecuador, N Peru (to N San Martín)
unicolor (P.L. Sclater, 1859) W Ecuador (Pacific slope)
caudatus Carriker, 1933 vC Peru (E slope from S San Martín to Cuzco)
Thamnophilus aethiops166,167 White-shouldered Antshrike
wetmorei Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 S Colombia (W Meta to E Cauca, W Putumayo)
aethiops P.L. Sclater, 1858 E Ecuador, N Peru (north of R. Marañón)
polionotus von Pelzeln, 1868168 αvS Venezuela (Amazonas, SE Bolívar), E Colombia (E Guainía, E Vaupés), NW Brazil
kapouni von Seilern, 1913 E Peru (south of R. Marañón, R. Amazon), W Brazil (SW Amazonas to R. Juruá), N Bolivia
juruanus H. von Ihering, 1905 vSW Amazonian Brazil (R. Juruá to R. Purus)
injunctus J.T. Zimmer, 1933 vSW Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus to R. Madeira)
punctuliger von Pelzeln, 1868169 αS Amazonian Brazil (R. Madeira to R. Tapajós), NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz)
atriceps Todd, 1927 S Amazonian Brazil (S Pará, R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins)
incertus von Pelzeln, 1868170 αvSE Amazonian Brazil (Pará south of R. Amazon east of R. Tocantins, NW Maranhão)
distans O.M. de O. Pinto, 1954171 Coastal NE Brazil (Pernambuco, Alagoas) [Pinto, 1954 #3084]
Thamnophilus aroyae   (Hellmayr, 1904) Upland Antshrike
iE slope of Andes in SE Peru (Puno), NW Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz)
Thamnophilus melanonotus 172  P.L. Sclater, 1855 Black-backed Antshrike
vN Colombia (Caribbean slope to N Bolívar), NW Venezuela (east to Miranda)
Thamnophilus melanothorax 173  P.L. Sclater, 1857 Band-tailed Antshrike
Surinam, French Guiana, N Brazil (Amazonas north of Manaus; Amapá)
Thamnophilus amazonicus Amazonian Antshrike
cinereiceps von Pelzeln, 1868174 αSW Venezuela (W Amazonas), EC Colombia (Vichada, Meta to Caquetá, Vaupés), NW Brazil
divaricatus Mees, 1974 vE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco) [Mees, 1974 #2619]
amazonicus P.L. Sclater, 1858 vSE Colombia (S Amazonas), E Ecuador (E Napo), E Peru, W Brazil, N Bolivia (Pando to NE Santa Cruz)
obscurus J.T. Zimmer, 1933 vSC Amazonian Brazil (S Pará, R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins)
paraensis Todd, 1927 vE Brazil (E Pará, W Maranhão, N Tocantins east of R. Tocantins)
Thamnophilus insignis Streak-backed Antshrike
nigrofrontalis W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1947 vSW Venezuela (W Amazonas)
insignis Salvin & Godman, 1884 vS Venezuela (tepuis of E Amazonas, S Bolívar), W Guyana (Mt. Roraima), N Brazil (N Roraima)
Thamnophilus divisorius 175  Whitney, Oren & Brumfield, 2004 Acre Antshrike
vW Brazil (W Acre), E Peru (Loreto, Ucayali) [Whitney, 2004 #4205]
BIATAS Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 M - Anabates nigropectus Lafresnaye, 1850; type by monotypy  176,177
Biatas nigropectus   (Lafresnaye, 1850) White-bearded Antshrike
iSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais to NE Santa Catarina), NE Argentina (Misiones)
XENORNIS Chapman, 1924 M - Xenornis setifrons Chapman, 1924; type by original designation and monotypy  178,179
Xenornis setifrons   Chapman, 1924 Spiny-faced Antshrike/Speckled Antshrike
iE Panama (from Colón), NW Colombia (NW Chocó)
Tribe PITHYINI180
CERCOMACRA P.L. Sclater, 1858 F - Cercomacra caerulescens P.L. Sclater, 1858; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 263). = Cercomacra brasiliana Hellmayr, 1905  
Cercomacra cinerascens181 Gray Antbird
cinerascens (P.L. Sclater, 1857) S Venezuela, SE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru, NW Amazonian Brazil
immaculata C. Chubb, 1918 vE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas, NE Brazil (Amapá, N Pará)
sclateri Hellmayr, 1905 E Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira), NW Bolivia (Pando, La Paz, Beni)
iterata J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vC Brazil (R. Madeira to W Maranhão, south to Rondônia, W Mato Grosso, S Pará), NE Bolivia (N Santa Cruz)
Cercomacra brasiliana   Hellmayr, 1905 Rio de Janeiro Antbird
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)
Cercomacra tyrannina182 Dusky Antbird
crepera Bangs, 1901 vSE Mexico (from SE Veracruz, NE Oaxaca), Belize, Guatemala to W Panama
tyrannina (P.L. Sclater, 1855)183 vC and E Panama, Colombia, W Ecuador, S Venezuela, NW Brazil (east to lower R. Negro, south to R. Japurá)
vicina Todd, 1927 NW Venezuela (S Zulia to Táchira, east to Barinas, NW Apure, W Bolívar), N Colombia (Casanare)
saturatior C. Chubb, 1918 vE Venezuela (S and E Bolívar), the Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (Roraima, lower R. Negro to Amapá)
Cercomacra laeta184 Willis's Antbird
waimiri Bierregaard, Cohn-Haft & Stotz, 1997 NC Amazonian Brazil (E Roraima, NE Amazonas, NW Pará), S Guyana [Bierregaard, 1997 #301]
laeta Todd, 1920 vSE Amazonian Brazil (E Pará, W Maranhão)
sabinoi O.M. de O. Pinto, 1939 Coastal NE Brazil (Pernambuco, Alagoas)
Cercomacra parkeri   G.R. Graves, 1997 Parker's Antbird
iWC Colombia (W slope of W Andes, N and E slopes of C Andes, W slope of E Andes) [Graves, 1997 #1788]
Cercomacra nigrescens185 Blackish Antbird
nigrescens (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860)186 αCoastal Surinam, French Guiana; NE Brazil (E Amazonas, N bank of R. Amazon in Pará)
aequatorialis J.T. Zimmer, 1931 vE slope of Andes from S Colombia (Nariño) to NE Peru (Amazonas, San Martín)
notata J.T. Zimmer, 1931 vE slope of Andes in EC Peru (W Ucayali to Junín)
fuscicauda J.T. Zimmer, 1931 E Ecuador, E Peru, SE Colombia (S Amazonas), SW Amazonian Brazil (SW Amazonas, Acre), NE Bolivia
approximans von Pelzeln, 1868187 αSC Brazil (SE Amazonas to R. Tapajós, south to Rondônia, Mato Grosso), E Bolivia (E Beni, N Santa Cruz)
ochrogyna E. Snethlage, 1928188 vSE Amazonian Brazil (Pará from R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins, Mato Grosso)
Cercomacra serva 189  (P.L. Sclater, 1858) Black Antbird
vS Colombia (Putumayo), E Ecuador, E Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil to NW Bolivia (Pando, La Paz)
Cercomacra nigricans 190,191  P.L. Sclater, 1858 Jet Antbird
C and E Panama, W and N Colombia, Venezuela, W Ecuador
Cercomacra carbonaria   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 Rio Branco Antbird
vN Brazil (middle R. Branco), Guyana (R. Ireng)
Cercomacra melanaria   (Ménétries, 1835) Mato Grosso Antbird
vC and E Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), N Paraguay (Alto Paraguay), SC Brazil (S Mato Grosso, W Mato Grosso do Sul)
Cercomacra manu   Fitzpatrick & Willard, 1990 Manu Antbird
iSC Brazil (Acre to S Pará), SE Peru (S Ucayali to E Cuzco), NW Bolivia (Pando, La Paz) [Fitzpatrick, 1990 #1559]
Cercomacra ferdinandi 192  E. Snethlage, 1928 Bananal Antbird
iE Amazonian Brazil (R. Araguaia and R. Tocantins)
SCIAPHYLAX Bravo, M.L. Isler & Brumfield, 2013 F - Myrmeciza hemimelaena P.L. Sclater, 1857; type by original designation193
Sciaphylax hemimelaena194 Chestnut-tailed Antbird
hemimelaena (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vE Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira) and NW Bolivia (east to R. Mamoré)
pallens (von Berlepsch & Hellmayr, 1905) S Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Xingu) and NE Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz)
Sciaphylax castanea195 Zimmer's Antbird
centunculorum (M.L. Isler et al., 2002) S Colombia (W Putumayo) to E Ecuador (Pastaza) and NE Peru (R. Pastaza to R. Napo in NW Loreto) [Isler, 2002 #2096]
castanea (J.T. Zimmer, 1932) vS Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) to N Peru (N San Martín)
DRYMOPHILA Swainson, 1824 F - Drymophila variegata Such, 1824; type by subsequent monotypy (Such, 1824, Zool. Journ., 1, p. 559). = Myiothera ferruginea Temminck, 1822  196
Drymophila ferruginea   (Temminck, 1822) Ferruginous Antbird
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to NE Santa Catarina)
Drymophila rubricollis 197  (W. Bertoni, 1901) Bertoni's Antwren
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais to NW Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina [Bertoni, 1901 #294]
Drymophila genei 198  (Defilippi, 1847) Rufous-tailed Antbird
iSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais, S Espírito Santo to NE São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
Drymophila ochropyga   (Hellmayr, 1906) Ochre-rumped Antbird
vSE Brazil (C and SE Bahia, Espírito Santo to E Santa Catarina)
Drymophila malura   (Temminck, 1825) Dusky-tailed Antbird
vSE Brazil (S Minas Gerais, S Espírito Santo to N Rio Grande do Sul), SE Paraguay, NE Argentina.
Drymophila squamata Scaled Antbird
squamata (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) vE Brazil (E Alagoas, E Bahia)
stictocorypha (Boucard & von Berlepsch, 1892)199 vSE Brazil (E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo to NE Santa Catarina)
Drymophila devillei200,201 Striated Antbird
devillei (Menegaux & Hellmayr, 1906) SC Colombia, NE Ecuador, SE Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil, NW and C Bolivia (Pando, La Paz, Cochabamba)
subochracea Chapman, 1921 vSC Brazil (east of R. Madeira in E Amazonas, Rondônia, W and N Mato Grosso and W Pará), NE Bolivia
Drymophila hellmayri 202  Todd, 1915 Santa Marta Antbird
Santa Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
Drymophila klagesi 203,204  Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1912 Klages's Antbird
Coastal Range and Andes of Venezuela, Sierra de Perijá, E Andes of N Colombia (Norte de Santander)
Drymophila caudata 205  (P.L. Sclater, 1855) Long-tailed Antbird/East Andean Antbird
vW slope of E Andes of Colombia (Santander to Caquetá and Huila)
Drymophila striaticeps 206  Chapman, 1912 Streak-headed Antbird
W and C Andes of Colombia, Andes of Ecuador, E slope of Andes of Peru to NW Bolivia (La Paz) [Chapman, 1912 #14631]
HYPOCNEMIS Cabanis, 1847 F - Formicarius cantator Boddaert, 1783; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 42).  207
Hypocnemis hypoxantha Yellow-browed Antbird
hypoxantha P.L. Sclater, 1869 vS Colombia, E Ecuador, NE and EC Peru, W Amazonian Brazil
ochraceiventris Chapman, 1921 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós, R. Teles Pires to R. Xingu)
Hypocnemis subflava208 Yellow-breasted Warbling Antbird
subflava Cabanis, 1873 vEC Peru (Huánuco to Andean foothills of Cuzco)
collinsi Cherrie, 1916 S Peru (SE Ucayali to Puno), SW Brazil (Acre), WC Bolivia (Pando, La Paz to Cochabamba)
Hypocnemis flavescens209 Imeri Warbling Antbird
flavescens P.L. Sclater, 1865 E Colombia (Guainía, Vaupés), NW Brazil (upper R. Negro), S Venezuela (Amazonas, W and S Bolívar)
perflava O.M. de O. Pinto, 1966210 vN Brazil (N and C Roraima) [Pinto, 1966 #14566]
Hypocnemis cantator211 Guianan Warbling Antbird
notaea Hellmayr, 1920212 vSE Venezuela, Guyana, N Brazil
cantator (Boddaert, 1783) δEC Venezuela (NE Bolívar), the Guianas, N Brazil (lower R. Negro to Amapá)
Hypocnemis peruviana 213 Peruvian Warbling Antbird
saturata Carriker, 1930 vS Colombia to NE Peru (north of R. Amazon and R. Marañón), WC Brazil (north of R. Amazon to lower R. Negro)
peruviana Taczanowski, 1884 vEC Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira, south to Acre), NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz, N Beni)
Hypocnemis ochrogyna 214  J.T. Zimmer, 1932 Rondonia Warbling Antbird
vS Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Madeira and R. Jiparaná), E Bolivia (E Beni, Santa Cruz)
Hypocnemis rondoni   Whitney et al., 2013 Manicore Warbling Antbird
C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Madeira, R. Jiparaná to R. Aripuanã) [Whitney, 2013 #14823]
Hypocnemis striata215 Spix's Warbling Antbird
implicata J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vSC Amazonian Brazil (lower and middle R. Madeira to R. Tapajós and R. Teles Pires)
striata (von Spix, 1825) vSC Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós, R. Teles Pires to R. Xingu, south to NC Mato Grosso)
affinis J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Xingu to R. Tocantins, south to E Mato Grosso)
WILLISORNIS Agne & Pacheco, 2008 M - Hypocnemis poecilinota Cabanis, 1847; type by monotypy216,217,218
Willisornis poecilinotus Scale-backed Antbird
poecilinotus (Cabanis, 1847)219 δvC and SE Venezuela (Bolívar, N Amazonas), the Guianas, NE Brazil (Roraima, lower R. Negro to Amapá)
duidae (Chapman, 1923) EC Colombia (Meta, Guainía, Vaupés), SW Venezuela (S Amazonas), NW Brazil (R. Negro)
lepidonota (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) SE Colombia (E Cauca, Caquetá, Putumayo, Amazonas), E Ecuador, N and EC Peru (to Cuzco)
gutturalis (Todd, 1927) vNE Peru (Loreto south of R. Amazon and east of lower R. Ucayali), W Brazil (east to lower R. Juruá)
griseiventris (von Pelzeln, 1868)220 αvEC and SE Peru, SW Brazil (R. Juruá to R. Madeira, Rondônia, W Mato Grosso), N Bolivia
Willisornis vidua221 Xingu Scale-backed Antbird
nigrigula (E. Snethlage, 1914) S Amazonian Brazil (E Amazonas to R. Tapajós, R. Teles Pires, south to N Mato Grosso)
vidua (Hellmayr, 1905) SE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, from R. Xingu to W Maranhão, south to N Tocantins)
PITHYS Vieillot, 1818 M - Pithys leucops Vieillot, 1818; type by subsequent monotypy (Vieillot, 1818, Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, 26, p. 520). = Pipra albifrons Linnaeus, 1766  222
Pithys albifrons White-plumed Antbird
albifrons (Linnaeus, 1766) S Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas), the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (E bank of R. Negro to Amapá)
peruvianus Taczanowski, 1884223 vW Venezuela (E Táchira), Colombia, NW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro), E Ecuador, N and C Peru (to Ayacucho)
Pithys castaneus 224  Berlioz, 1938 White-masked Antbird
vNE Peru (lower R. Pastaza and lower R. Morona in NW Loreto); Ecuador
PHAENOSTICTUS Ridgway, 1909 M - Phlogopsis mcleannani Lawrence, 1861; type by original designation  
Phaenostictus mcleannani Ocellated Antbird
saturatus (Richmond, 1896) vE Honduras to Costa Rica (Caribbean slope; Pacific slope in N), W Panama (W Bocas del Toro)
mcleannani (Lawrence, 1861)225,226 αC and E Panama (from Veraguas on Caribbean slope, Panamá on Pacific slope), NW Colombia
pacificus Hellmayr, 1924 vSW Colombia (Cauca, Nariño), NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas)
PHLEGOPSIS Reichenbach, 1850 F - Myiothera nigromaculata d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837; type by subsequent monotypy (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 42).  227,228
Phlegopsis nigromaculata Black-spotted Bare-eye
nigromaculata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) vSC Colombia, NE Ecuador, E Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira), NE Bolivia
bowmani (Ridgway, 1888) SC Brazil (R. Madeira to R. Xingu, south to Rondônia, W and N Mato Grosso), NE Bolivia (N Santa Cruz)
confinis J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Xingu to R. Tocantins and R. Araguaia)
paraensis Hellmayr, 1904 vE Amazonian Brazil (S Amapá, W Ilha de Marajó, from R. Tocantins to W Maranhão)
Phlegopsis borbae 229  Hellmayr, 1907 Pale-faced Bare-eye
S Amazonian Brazil (middle and lower R. Madeira to middle and lower R. Tapajós, south to lower R. Aripuanã)
Phlegopsis erythroptera Reddish-winged Bare-eye
erythroptera (Gould, 1855) vSE Colombia, SW Venezuela to NE Peru, NW Brazil (to upper and W bank of lower R. Negro)
ustulata Todd, 1927 vE Peru (Loreto, Ucayali), SW Amazonian Brazil (Amazonas to R. Madeira), NW Bolivia (NW Pando)
GYMNOPITHYS Bonaparte, 1857 M - Turdus pectoralis Latham, 1790; type by monotypy = Turdus rufigula Boddaert, 1783  
Gymnopithys bicolor230 Bicolored Antbird
olivascens (Ridgway, 1891) Caribbean slope in Honduras, Nicaragua, both slopes in Costa Rica, W Panama (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí)
bicolor (Lawrence, 1863) C and E Panama (from Veraguas), NW Colombia (Chocó)
daguae Hellmayr, 1906 W Colombia (S Chocó to Cauca)
aequatorialis (Hellmayr, 1902) vSW Colombia (Nariño) and W Ecuador (south to Azuay)
ruficeps Salvin & Godman, 1892 N Colombia (N slope of Andes from Antioquia to S Cesar, south in Magdalena valley to Boyacá)
Gymnopithys leucaspis White-cheeked Antbird
leucaspis (P.L. Sclater, 1855) C Colombia (Meta)
castaneus J.T. Zimmer, 1937 vSC Colombia (Putumayo), E Ecuador, N Peru (west of R. Napo, north of R. Marañón)
lateralis Todd, 1927 vSE Colombia (E Caquetá, S Guainía to Amazonas), NE Peru (east of R. Napo), NW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro)
peruanus J.T. Zimmer, 1937 vNC Peru (south of R. Marañón in S Amazonas, SW Loreto, San Martín)
Gymnopithys rufigula231 Rufous-throated Antbird
pallidus (Cherrie, 1909) δvS Venezuela (Bolívar except R. Cuyuni, Amazonas except Pica Yavita-Pimichín)
pallidigula W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1947 S Venezuela (Pica Yavita-Pimichín in SW Amazonas)
rufigula (Boddaert, 1783) The Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (R. Negro to Amapá)
Gymnopithys salvini 232  (von Berlepsch, 1901) White-throated Antbird
iE Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (to R. Madeira, south to Acre), NW and C Bolivia (Pando to Cochabamba)
Gymnopithys lunulatus 233  (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873) Lunulated Antbird
vE Ecuador (Sucumbíos, Napo, Pastaza, Morona-Santiago), N and C Peru (west of R. Napo and R. Ucayali)
RHEGMATORHINA Ridgway, 1888 F - Rhegmatorhina gymnops Ridgway, 1888; type by original designation  234,235
Rhegmatorhina gymnops   Ridgway, 1888 Bare-eyed Antbird
iSE Amazonian Brazil (E bank of R. Tapajós and R. Iriri, south to middle R. Teles Pires in Mato Grosso)
Rhegmatorhina berlepschi   (E. Snethlage, 1907) Harlequin Antbird
iS Amazonian Brazil (W bank of R. Tapajós)
Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi   (Hellmayr, 1907) White-breasted Antbird
iS Amazonian Brazil (E bank of lower R. Madeira to W Mato Grosso)
Rhegmatorhina cristata 236  (von Pelzeln, 1868) α Chestnut-crested Antbird
vSE Colombia (Vaupés, E Caquetá, N Amazonas), NW Amazonian Brazil
Rhegmatorhina melanosticta Hairy-crested Antbird
melanosticta (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) vSC Colombia (Meta to Putumayo), E Ecuador, NE Peru (R. Napo and north of R. Marañón)
brunneiceps Chapman, 1928237 C Peru (San Martín to N Ayacucho south of R. Marañón and west of R. Ucayali)
purusiana (E. Snethlage, 1908) vE Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Ucayali), SW Brazil (east to R. Madeira), NW Bolivia (Pando, La Paz)
badia J.T. Zimmer, 1932238 vSE Peru (Puno), N Bolivia (La Paz), W Brazil (upper R. Juruá)
Tribe PYRIGLENINI239
MYRMODERUS Ridgway, 1909 M - Myiothera loricata M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823; type by original designation240
Myrmoderus ferrugineus Ferruginous-backed Antbird
ferrugineus (Statius Muller, 1776) vNE Venezuela (NE Bolívar), the Guianas and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Branco)
elutus (Todd, 1927) vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, lower R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós)
Myrmoderus ruficauda Scalloped Antbird
soror (O.M. de O. Pinto, 1940) Coastal NE Brazil (E Paraíba to E Alagoas)
ruficauda (zu Wied, 1831) E Brazil (SE Bahia, extreme E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo)
Myrmoderus loricatus 241  (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) White-bibbed Antbird
vSE Brazil (C and SE Bahia, E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and NE São Paulo)
Myrmoderus squamosus 242  (von Pelzeln, 1868) α Squamate Antbird
vSE Brazil (Rio de Janeiro to C Paraná and NE Rio Grande do Sul)
HYLOPHYLAX Ridgway, 1909 M - Conopophaga naevioides Lafresnaye, 1847; type by original designation  
Hylophylax naevioides Spotted Antbird
capnitis (Bangs, 1906) Caribbean slope from Honduras to W Panama (Coclé), Pacific slope in NW Costa Rica, Panama (Veraguas)
naevioides (Lafresnaye, 1847)243 E Panama (from Colón and Panamá), N and W Colombia, W Ecuador (to E Guayas, Chimborazo)
Hylophylax naevius244,245 Spot-backed Antbird
naevius (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)246 vS Venezuela, the Guianas, SE Colombia to NE Peru (north of R. Napo), N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
theresae (Des Murs, 1856) E Ecuador (south of R. Napo), NE Peru (Loreto), SW and SC Brazil (east to R. Tapajós, south to S Amazonas, Rondônia)
peruvianus Carriker, 1932 vN Peru (Amazonas, San Martín)
inexpectatus Carriker, 1932247 vEC and SE Peru, SW Brazil (Acre), NW Bolivia (W Pando to SW Santa Cruz)
ochraceus (von Berlepsch, 1912) vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins, south to N Mato Grosso)
Hylophylax punctulatus 248  (Des Murs, 1856) Dot-backed Antbird
vS Venezuela, French Guiana, SE Colombia to NE and SE Peru, W and S Amazonian Brazil, N and E Bolivia
HYPOCNEMOIDES Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1918 M - Hypocnemis melanopogon P.L. Sclater, 1857; type by original designation  249
Hypocnemoides melanopogon Black-chinned Antbird
occidentalis J.T. Zimmer, 1932250 vNE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), NE Ecuador, E Colombia (south from Meta, Vichada), E and S Venezuela, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to R. Negro)
melanopogon (P.L. Sclater, 1857) The Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
minor Gyldenstolpe, 1941 vS Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus to R. Madeira, south bank of R. Amazon from R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins)
Hypocnemoides maculicauda 251,252,253  (von Pelzeln, 1868) α Band-tailed Antbird
E Peru (south of R. Amazon, R. Marañón), S Amazonian Brazil, N Bolivia (to W Santa Cruz)
SCLATERIA Oberholser, 1899 F - Holocnemis flammata Strickland, 1844; type by original designation = Sitta naevia J.F. Gmelin, 1788  
Sclateria naevia Silvered Antbird
naevia (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vE Venezuela (E Sucre to E and S Bolívar), Trinidad, the Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil
diaphora Todd, 1913 vSC Venezuela (NW Bolívar)
toddi Hellmayr, 1924 SC Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Madeira, R. Teles Pires to R. Tocantins)
argentata (Des Murs, 1856) vSW Venezuela, SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil, NW and E Bolivia
MYRMELASTES P.L. Sclater, 1858 M - Thamnophilus plumbeus P.L. Sclater, 1858; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 180). = Thamnophilus hyperythrus P.L. Sclater, 1855254
Myrmelastes saturatus255 Roraiman Antbird
saturatus (Salvin, 1885)256 vSE Venezuela, WC Guyana (Mt. Roraima)
obscurus (J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1946) vSE Venezuela (tepuis of E Bolívar except Mt. Roraima), N Brazil (N Roraima)
Myrmelastes schistaceus 257  (P.L. Sclater, 1858) Slate-colored Antbird
vS Colombia (Putumayo to Amazonas) to E Peru (E Loreto, Ucayali), WC Amazonian Brazil
Myrmelastes hyperythrus 258  (P.L. Sclater, 1855) Plumbeous Antbird
vS Colombia (W Caquetá) to NE Ecuador (Orellana), E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Purus) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz, W Beni)
Myrmelastes rufifacies 259  (Hellmayr, 1929) Rufous-faced Antbird
C Brazil (R. Madeira to Pará west of R. Tocantins, N Rondônia, N Mato Grosso)
Myrmelastes brunneiceps 260  (J.T. Zimmer, 1931) Brownish-headed Antbird
S Peru (Cuzco, W Madre de Dios, Puno), WC Bolivia (WC La Paz)
Myrmelastes humaythae 261  (Hellmayr, 1907) Humaita Antbird
SW and C Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Japurá to lower R. Negro, R. Madeira), N Bolivia (Pando) and SE Peru (E Madre de Dios)
Myrmelastes leucostigma262 Spot-winged Antbird
subplumbeus (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) vW Venezuela (SW Táchira), Colombia to NE Peru (to N Ucayali), W Brazil (SW Amazonas, W Acre)
leucostigma (von Pelzeln, 1868)263 αSE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas and NE Amazonian Brazil (from R. Branco, R. Negro to Amapá)
intensus (J.T. Zimmer, 1927) vC Peru (Huánuco to Junín, S Ucayali)
infuscatus (Todd, 1927) vS Venezuela (N and SW Amazonas), E Colombia, NW Amazonian Brazil (upper R. Negro to R. Amazon)
Myrmelastes caurensis264 Caura Antbird
caurensis (Hellmayr, 1906) vS Venezuela (N Amazonas, W Bolívar)
australis (J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1947)265 vS Venezuela (S Amazonas) and adjacent N Brazil
POLIOCRANIA Bravo, M.L. Isler & Brumfield, 2013 F - Myrmeciza exsul P.L. Sclater, 1859; type by original designation
Poliocrania exsul Chestnut-backed Antbird
exsul (P.L. Sclater, 1859) Caribbean slope from Nicaragua to C Panama (W Colón)
occidentalis (Cherrie, 1891) vPacific slope from Costa Rica to W Panama (Veraguas)
niglarus (Wetmore, 1962) E Panama (on Caribbean slope from E Colón, on Pacific slope in Panamá and NW Darién) and adjacent NW Colombia (extreme N Chocó) [Wetmore, 1962 #4144]
cassini (Ridgway, 1908) SE Panama (SW Darién) and NC Colombia (N Chocó to Bolívar and NE Antioquia)
maculifer (Hellmayr, 1906) W Colombia (C Chocó) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
AMPELORNIS M.L. Isler, Bravo & Brumfield, 2013 M - Myrmoderus griseiceps Chapman, 1923; type by original designation
Ampelornis griseiceps 266  (Chapman, 1923) Gray-headed Antbird
W slope of Andes of SW Ecuador (El Oro) to NW Peru (NE Lambayeque)
SIPIA Hellmayr, 1924 F - Pyriglena berlepschi E. Hartert, 1898; type by original designation267
Sipia berlepschi   (E. Hartert, 1898) Stub-tailed Antbird
W Colombia (C Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas)
Sipia nigricauda 268  (Salvin & Godman, 1892) Esmeraldas Antbird
W Colombia (C Chocó) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Sipia laemosticta 269  (Salvin, 1865) Dull-mantled Antbird
vLocally in lowlands and foothills of Caribbean slope of Costa Rica and both slopes of Panama
Sipia palliata 270,271  (Todd, 1917) Magdalena Antbird
vNC Colombia (Córdoba to Cesar, south in Magdalena valley to Caldas) and NW Venezuela (W Zulia, Táchira, Mérida)
MYRMECIZA G.R. Gray, 1841 F - Drymophila longipes Swainson, 1825; type by original designation  
Myrmeciza longipes272 White-bellied Antbird
panamensis Ridgway, 1908 vC Panama (Coclé, E Colón) to N Colombia (east to Guajira, Cesar and Bolívar)
longipes (Swainson, 1825) NE Colombia (E Norte de Santander), N Venezuela (Zulia, Táchira and Apure to Sucre) and Trinidad
boucardi von Berlepsch, 1888 C Colombia (upper Magdalena valley from Cundinamarca to Huila)
griseipectus von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 C and E Colombia (W Meta; E Guainía), S and E Venezuela and W Guyana; S French Guiana; N Brazil (Roraima; north bank of R. Amazon west to Obidos)
MYRMOBORUS Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 M - Pithys leucophrys von Tschudi, 1844; type by original designation  273
Myrmoborus melanurus   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866) Black-tailed Antbird
vNE and EC Peru (S bank of R. Amazon, lower R. Marañón, lower R. Ucayali), Brazil (right bank of R. Javari)
Myrmoborus lophotes 274,275  (Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1914) White-lined Antbird
SW Brazil (W Acre), SE Peru (E Junín, Cuzco, Madre de Dios, Puno), NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz)
Myrmoborus myotherinus276 Black-faced Antbird
elegans (P.L. Sclater, 1857)277 S Venezuela, NW Brazil (N Roraima, upper R. Negro in NW Amazonas), SE Colombia to C Peru
myotherinus (von Spix, 1825) vE Peru (east of R. Ucayali), SW Brazil (W Amazonas, Acre), NW Bolivia (Pando to La Paz, WC Santa Cruz)
incanus Hellmayr, 1929 vNW Amazonian Brazil (N bank of R. Amazon, R. Japurá to R. Içá)
ardesiacus Todd, 1927 vW Amazonian Brazil (R. Japurá to lower R. Negro)
proximus Todd, 1927 vW Amazonian Brazil (S bank of R. Amazon from R. Purus to R. Madeira)
sororius (Hellmayr, 1910) vSC Amazonian Brazil (SE Amazonas, Rondônia)
ochrolaemus (Hellmayr, 1906) δvS Amazonian Brazil (R. Madeira to R. Tocantins, S Ilha de Marajó, south to SW and C Mato Grosso)
Myrmoborus leucophrys278 White-browed Antbird
erythrophrys (P.L. Sclater, 1855) E slope of Andes in NW Venezuela (Lara to Táchira, Apure), Colombia (except south of R. Putumayo)
leucophrys (von Tschudi, 1844)279 S Colombia (south of R. Putumayo) to E Peru, S Amazonian Brazil, NE Bolivia
angustirostris (Cabanis, 1849)280 αvS Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon from R. Japurá to R. Negro; N Roraima to Amapá)
koenigorum O'Neill & T.A. Parker, 1997 C Peru (Huánuco; upper Huallaga valley) [O'Neill, 1997 #2799]
Myrmoborus lugubris Ash-breasted Antbird
berlepschi (Hellmayr, 1910) NE Peru (Loreto), W Amazonian Brazil (R. Amazon east to Tonantins)
stictopterus Todd, 1927 vC Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Negro and nearby R. Amazon)
femininus (Hellmayr, 1910) vSC Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Madeira)
lugubris (Cabanis, 1847) vC Brazil (R. Amazon east from R. Madeira in EC Amazonas and NC Pará)
GYMNOCICHLA P.L. Sclater, 1858 F - Myiothera nudiceps Cassin, 1850; type by monotypy  
Gymnocichla nudiceps281 Bare-crowned Antbird
chiroleuca P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869 vCaribbean slope S Belize, Guatemala to W Panama (Bocas del Toro); SE Mexico (Chiapas)
erratilis Bangs, 1907 vPacific slope of Costa Rica (Puntarenas) and W Panama (Chiriquí)
nudiceps (Cassin, 1850) E Panama (from Coclé, Panamá), Pacific slope in NW Colombia (Chocó, Valle)
sanctamartae Ridgway, 1908 N Colombia (Córdoba, N Antioquia to E Guajira)
PYRIGLENA Cabanis, 1847 F - Myiothera domicilla zu Wied, 1831; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 42). = Turdus leucopterus Vieillot, 1818  282
Pyriglena leuconota283 White-backed Fire-eye
pacifica Chapman, 1923 vW Ecuador, NW Peru (Tumbes)
castanoptera C. Chubb, 1916 vE slope of Andes from S Colombia (Huila) to N Peru (north of R. Marañón in Piura, Cajamarca, N Amazonas)
picea Cabanis, 1847 vE slope of Andes of C Peru (S Amazonas to Junín and Ayacucho)
marcapatensis Stolzmann & Domaniewski, 1918 vE slope of Andes of SE Peru (Madre de Dios, Cuzco, Puno)
hellmayri Stolzmann & Domaniewski, 1918 E slope of Andes of Bolivia (south to W Santa Cruz)
maura (Ménétries, 1835) vE Bolivia (E Santa Cruz), SC Brazil (W and SW Mato Grosso), N Paraguay (Alto Paraguay)
similis J.T. Zimmer, 1931 vSC Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós to R. Xingu in Pará, N Mato Grosso)
interposita O.M. de O. Pinto, 1947 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Xingu to R. Tocantins in E Pará)
leuconota (von Spix, 1824) vSE Amazonian Brazil (E Pará east of R. Tocantins, N Maranhão)
pernambucensis J.T. Zimmer, 1931 vNE Brazil (E Pernambuco, E Alagoas)
Pyriglena leucoptera   (Vieillot, 1818) White-shouldered Fire-eye
vSE Brazil (E Bahia to S Mato Grosso do Sul, N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Pyriglena atra 284  (Swainson, 1825) Fringe-backed Fire-eye
vE Brazil (S Sergipe, NE Bahia)
PERCNOSTOLA Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Lanius funebris M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 272). = Turdus rufifrons J.F. Gmelin, 1789  285
Percnostola rufifrons286 Black-headed Antbird
minor von Pelzeln, 1868287,288 αvE Colombia (Guainía to Caquetá), SW Venezuela (SW Amazonas), NW Brazil (R. Negro to N bank of R. Içá)
jensoni Capparella, G.H. Rosenberg & Cardiff, 1997 NE Peru (Loreto) [Capparella, 1997 #653]
rufifrons (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) The Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (NE Roraima, R. Trombetas to Amapá)
subcristata Hellmayr, 1908 vN Brazil (lower R. Negro to R. Trombetas)
Percnostola arenarum 289  M.L. Isler, Alvarez Alonso, P.R. Isler & Whitney, 2002 Allpahuayo Antbird
iNE Peru (Loreto) [Isler, 2002 #2097]
AKLETOS Dunajewski, 1948 M - Akletos peruvianus Dunajewski, 1948; type by original designation and monotypy = Thamnophilus melanoceps von Spix, 1825290,291
Akletos melanoceps 292,293  (von Spix, 1825) White-shouldered Antbird
SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru (south to N Ucayali) and W Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Japurá and R. Juruá)
Akletos goeldii   (E. Snethlage, 1908) Goeldi's Antbird
SE Peru (S Ucayali, N Cuzco, Madre de Dios), SW Brazil (E Acre, SW Amazonas) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz)
HAFFERIA M.L. Isler, Bravo & Brumfield, 2013 F - Thamnophilus immaculatus Lafresnaye, 1845; type by original designation
Hafferia fortis294 Sooty Antbird
fortis (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868) vS Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira) and NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz)
incanescens (Todd, 1927)295 W Brazil (Tonantins on north bank of R. Amazon)
Hafferia zeledoni296 Zeledon's Antbird
zeledoni (Ridgway, 1909)297 Foothills of Costa Rica to C Panama (Coclé)
berlepschi (Ridgway, 1909)298 Lowlands and foothills of E Panama (E Darién), W Colombia and W Ecuador (south to W Loja) [Robbins, 1993 #3348]
Hafferia immaculata Blue-lored Antbird
concepcion (Donegan, 2012) Serranía de San Lucas and C Andes of Colombia (south to E Valle and NW Tolima) [Donegan, 2012 #13711]
immaculata (Lafresnaye, 1845)299 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of Venezuela and E Andes of Colombia (south to W Cundinamarca)
MYRMORNITHINAE
MYRMORNIS Hermann, 1783 F - Fourmilier Buffon; type by subsequent designation (Hellmayr in Cory & Hellmayr, 1927, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 13, pt. 3, p. 321). = Formicarius torquatus Boddaert, 1783  
Myrmornis torquata Wing-banded Antbird
stictoptera (Salvin, 1893)300 vE and S Nicaragua; EC Panama (E Colón, E Panamá) to NC Colombia (S Bolívar, W Boyacá)
torquata (Boddaert, 1783) vSC Colombia (W Caquetá) to E Ecuador (Pastaza) and N Peru (NW Loreto); S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas and E Amazonian Brazil (west to R. Negro and lower R. Madeira)
PYGIPTILA P.L. Sclater, 1858 F - Thamnophilus maculipennis P.L. Sclater, 1855; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 217).  
Pygiptila stellaris Spot-winged Antshrike
occipitalis J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vE Colombia, S Venezuela, NW Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to R. Branco), NE Guyana, N Surinam, W French Guiana
stellaris (von Spix, 1825)301 vS Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon), N Bolivia
THAMNISTES P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1860 M - Thamnistes anabatinus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1860; type by monotypy  302
Thamnistes anabatinus303 Russet Antshrike
anabatinus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1860 vSE Mexico (NE Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas), N Guatemala, S Belize and N Honduras
saturatus Ridgway, 1908 vE Nicaragua and Costa Rica to W Panama (W Chiriquí, W Bocas del Toro)
coronatus Nelson, 1912 vWC Panama (Veraguas) to NW Colombia (W Córdoba)
intermedius Chapman, 1914 vLowlands and foothills of NW Colombia (Chocó) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
gularis W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1956 vAndean foothills of NW Venezuela (SW Táchira) [Phelps, 1956 #3041]
aequatorialis P.L. Sclater, 1862 vE Andean foothills of C Colombia (W Meta) to N Peru (R. Marañón)
rufescens Cabanis, 1873 E Andean foothills of N Peru (R. Marañón) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
GENUS INCERTAE SEDIS
RHOPORNIS Richmond, 1902 M - Myiothera ardesiaca zu Wied, 1831; type by original designation  304,305
Rhopornis ardesiacus   (zu Wied, 1831) Slender Antbird
vE Brazil (SE Bahia, NE Minas Gerais)

1 For separation of the Thamnophilidae from the Formicariidae, see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Harshman (1994) [Harshman, 1994 #4385], Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #744] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
2 Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] suggested two subfamilies and within the Thamnophilinae suggested five tribes; Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331] proposed a new basal subfamily Euchrepomidinae to precede Myrmornithinae and Thamnophilinae.
3 Species sequence follows Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331].
4 Species in this genus were formerly placed in Terenura, but see Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331].
5 Considered by Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890] to form a superspecies with E. spodioptila, but see Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331].
6 Includes Hylophilus puellus Mees, 1974 [Mees, 1974 #2619]; see Mayr & Vuilleumier (1983) [Mayr, 1983 #2563].
7 Proposed subspecies elaopteryx not diagnosable from nominate spodioptila; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
8 Considered by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] to form a superspecies with T. sharpei, but see Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331].
9 Includes transfluvialis; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
10 For correct date see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
11 Sequence of genera based on Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]; but following Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] as regards the placement of the dismembered broad genus Myrmeciza.
12 Placement in Myrmeciza was questioned by Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443]. For treatment in a monotypic genus see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
13 For placement in a monotypic genus see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
14 For restoration to this genus see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
15 Myrmeciza stictothorax, formerly considered a distinct species; e.g. by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], and by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], is a synonym of this subspecies, see Schulenberg & Stotz (1991) [Schulenberg, 1991 #3545].
16 Proposed subspecies obscurata and griseiventris not considered diagnosable from M. a. melanura; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
17 Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] found that Microrhopias, Myrmorchilus, and Myrmeciza atrothorax form a strongly supported group.
18 May comprise more than one species, see e.g. Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] and Zimmer & Isler 2003 [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
19 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
20 Species in this genus were formerly placed in Myrmotherula, but see Isler et al. (2006) [Isler, 2006 #6645].
21 Treated as monotypic by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] who considered the proposed subspecies costaricensis, salmoni, and viduata E. Hartert, 1898 [Hartert, 1898 #15623] required further study.
22 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
23 Diagnosability questioned by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
24 Diagnosability questioned by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
25 Forms a superspecies with E. fjeldsaai, and E. spodionota; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
26 Diagnosability questioned by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
27 Should perhaps be treated as a subspecies of a recircumscribed smaller E. haematonota; see Whitney et al. (2013) [Whitney, 2013 #14819].
28 For treatment as a separate species from E. haematonota; see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
29 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suggested that more than one species might be involved.
30 Diagnosability from nominate ornata questioned by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
31 For provisional placement in this tribe; see Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
32 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1993) [Sibley, 1993 #9208] to form a superspecies with C. atrogularis.
33 Sequence of genera based on Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
34 Differs in many ways from other species in the genus and may warrant treatment in a monotypic genus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
35 Formerly placed in Myrmotherula, e.g. by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] and by Meyer de Schauensee (1970) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678], but see Pacheco (1988) [Pacheco, 1988 #14561].
36 Probably comprises more than one species; see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443].
37 May not be diagnosable from subspecies intermedia; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
38 Includes proposed subspecies deluzae, known from a single specimen see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
39 For proposed treatment as a subspecies of F. serrana see Firme & Raposo (2011) [Firme, 2011 #12690].
40 Believed to belong to the same clade as F. serrana and F. littoralis which are considered to form a superspecies; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
41 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
42 Described in the monotypic genus Stymphalornis Bornschein et al., 1995 [Bornschein, 1995 #440], but see Gonzaga et al. (2007) [Gonzaga, 2007 #9874]. See also Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
43 A sister taxon to F. acutirostris or perhaps a subspecies of that species.
44 For placement here see Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778] and Tello et al. (2009) [Tello, 2009 #12002].
45 For treatment as a separate species from M. brachyura, see Isler & Isler (2003) [Isler, 2003 #2098] and Banks et al. (2004) [Banks, 2004 #203].
46 For treatment as a subspecies here see Isler & Isler (2003) [Isler, 2003 #2098].
47 Considered to form a superspecies with M. ambigua; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]. Includes kermiti see LeCroy & Sloss (2000) [LeCroy, 2000 #2354].
48 For treatment of this and M. pacifica as separate species from M. surinamensis, see Isler et al. (1999) [Isler, 1999 #2094] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443]. They are now allospecies.
49 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] noted that vocal similarities suggest that this and M. longicauda are sister species.
50 Willis (1984) [Willis, 1984 #14568], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] noted that vocal differences among several subspecies suggest that this is more than one species.
51 Possibly not diagnosable from fresnayana; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
52 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
53 May comprise more than one species, see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
54 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
55 Forms a superspecies with M. longipennis; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
56 Subspecies groups follow Miranda et al. (2013) [Miranda, 2013 #14820]. See also Whittaker (2009) [Whittaker, 2009 #11804].
57 Known only from the type specimen, which may be a hybrid M. axillaris X M. unicolor, see Zimmer & Isler 2003 [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
58 Evidently forms a monophyletic group with M. unicolor, M. snowi and M. behni based on vocalizations and habitat; see Whitney & Pacheco (1997) [Whitney, 1997 #4199], Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
59 Forms a superspecies with M. snowi; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
60 For treatment as a separate species from M. unicolor, see Whitney & Pacheco (1997) [Whitney, 1997 #4199].
61 For correct date see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
62 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
63 For best date to use see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
64 Considered to form a superspecies with T. sicki; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
65 Sequence of genera based on Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]; but following Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] as regards the placement of the dismembered broad genus Myrmeciza.
66 Includes traditionally recognised subspecies stellata and zononota, considered to be undiagnosable, see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
67 For recognition of this genus see Belmonte-Lopes et al. (2012) [Belmonte-Lopes, 2012 #14330]. The sole species was previously placed in Myrmotherula.
68 Species in this genus were formerly placed in Myrmotherula, but see Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #13673].
69 Doubtfully distinct from nominate hauxwelli; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
70 Proposed subspecies clarior evidently represents clinal variation within nominate hauxwelli; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
71 Considered to form a superspecies with I. hauxwelli; see Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
72 Formerly placed in Dysithamnus, e.g. by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951, 3015], but see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
73 Forms a superspecies with T. saturninus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
74 Formerly placed in Dysithamnus, e.g. by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], but see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678], Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193], and Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779].
75 For continued treatment as a separate species from T. ardesiacus, see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272]; they form a superspecies, see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
76 Diagnosability questioned by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
77 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
78 Forms a superspecies with T. schistogynus; see Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
79 Treated, along with persimilis, as a separate species from T. caesius by Gyldenstolpe (1951) [Gyldenstolpe, 1951 #1846] and Pinto (1978) [Pinto, 1978 #3092].
80 For recognition see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
81 Sometimes treated as conspecific with T. caesius, e.g. by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], but there is no evidence for interbreeding where in contact.
82 Inadvertently included as a subspecies of T. caesius in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
83 Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] found that Herpsilochmus and Dysithamnus are sister genera.
84 Perhaps not diagnosable from tambillanus; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
85 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
86 Probably forms a superspecies with D. puncticeps; see A.O.U. (1983, 1998) [A.O.U., 1983 #8], [A.O.U., 1998 #9].
87 Includes intensus and flemmingi; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
88 Sometimes placed in Thamnomanes, but see Zimmer (1933) [Zimmer, 1933 #9485], Willis (1984) [Willis, 1984 #14569], Whitney (1992) [Whitney, 1992 #4195], and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
89 For treatment as a separate species from D. plumbeus, see Isler et al. (2008) [Isler, 2008 #10415].
90 Treated as a separate species from D. leucostictus by Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443]; but see Isler et al. (2008) [Isler, 2008 #10415].
91 Forms a superspecies with D. leucostictus; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
92 Identified from material thought to be H. pileatus, considered distinct and named as a separate species. For recognition see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
93 Only two authors for the new name; more for the paper.
94 Forms a superspecies with H. atricapillus, H. motacilloides and H. parkeri; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Whitney et al. (2000) [Whitney, 2000 #4202].
95 For treatment as separate from H. pileatus and H. sellowi, see Whitney et al. (2000) [Whitney, 2000 #4202].
96 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
97 For treatment as separate from H. pileatus and H. sellowi, see Whitney et al. (2000) [Whitney, 2000 #4202].
98 For treatment as a separate species from H. sticturus, see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]; they are presumably allospecies.
99 When first described the authors suggested this might form a superspecies with H. stictocephalus.
100 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
101 Considered to form a superspecies with H. longirostris by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
102 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
103 Perhaps not diagnosable from subspecies puncticeps; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
104 Vocal differences between subspecies suggest this may comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
105 For relationships among the monophyletic group of genera Cymbilaimus through Taraba, see Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
106 Includes proposed subspecies brangeri Aveledo & Pérez, 1991 [Aveledo, 1991 #118]; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
107 Probably not diagnosable from fasciatus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
108 For treatment as a separate species from C. lineatus, see Pierpont & Fitzpatrick (1983) [Pierpont, 1983 #4424].
109 Vocal differences between the Middle American/trans-Andean transandeanus subspecies group and the nominate subspecies group of east of the Andes (major) indicate that the former may merit recognition as a separate species, see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
110 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
111 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
112 Proposed subspecies leucogaster not considered diagnosable; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
113 May only represent clinal variation within excubitor; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
114 Based on Bravo et al. (2012) [Bravo, 2012 #14331], who screened F. fulva, this genus belongs in the Thamnophilini.
115 Forms a superspecies with F. unduliger; see Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]; this would also now include F. fulva as a separate species.
116 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
117 For treatment as a separate species from F. unduliger, as predicted by Parker et al. (1991) [Parker, 1991 #14571], see Isler et al. (2009) [Isler, 2009 #11971].
118 Includes Sakesphoroides Grantsau, 2010 [Grantsau, 2010 #12748] pending evaluation of the need for separation of such a genus.
119 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] considered this and S. cristatus to form a superspecies that also formerly included Thamnophilus bernardi; see footnote under that species.
120 Vocalizations suggest that this may merit recognition as a separate species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]. Proposed subspecies phainoleucus not considered diagnosable from pulchellus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]. Also includes paraguanae mistakenly listed by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
121 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
122 For correct date see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
123 Includes araguayae; see Lopes & Gonzaga (2012) [Lopes, 2012 #14586], who also found the old synonym hagmanni is misplaced here and needs review.
124 Sequence of species derived from Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
125 Dual original spelling; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
126 Vocal differences among populations suggest that more than one species may be involved; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
127 Includes proposed subspecies yucatanensis and pacificus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
128 Proposed subspecies fraterculus not considered diagnosable from nominate doliatus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
129 Proposed subspecies subradiatus and signatus not considered diagnosable from radiatus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
130 Short (1975) [Short, 1975 #13726] suggested that the Andean subspecies (marcapatae and jaczewskii) might warrant recognition as a separate species from T. ruficapillus, but see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
131 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Parker et al. (1995) [Parker, 1995 #14572] provided rationale based on differences in voice and plumage for treatment of zarumae as a separate species from T. doliatus. Subsequently, Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778] found that it was more closely related to T. palliatus group.
132 For a return to treatment as a separate species from T. palliatus, as in Cory & Hellmayr (1924), see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
133 May represent only clinal variation within tenuifasciatus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
134 Considered a synonym of nominate palliatus by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015]; but see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]. Whether that name applies to this population deserves corroboration.
135 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
136 For transfer from Sakesphorus to Thamnophilus, see Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
137 Includes piurae and cajamarcae; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
138 For treatment as a separate species from T. punctatus, see Willis (1984) [Willis, 1984 #14573] and Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093]. Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778] showed that it is not particularly closely related to the T. punctatus group, but is the sister species to T. bridgesi.
139 Proposed subspecies subcinereus considered not diagnosable from nominate atrinucha; see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093].
140 May deserve treatment as a separate species from T. schistaceus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
141 Proposed subspecies dubius and inornatus represent clinal variation within nominate schistaceus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
142 For correct date see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
143 May represent only clinal variation within nominate murinus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
144 Forms a superspecies with its sister species T. praecox; see Zimmer (1937) [Zimmer, 1937 #9555], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193], Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
145 Includes magdalenae; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
146 Previously treated as a subspecies of T. nigrocinereus. For treatment at species rank see Meyer de Schauensee (1970) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678], Hilty & Brown (1986) [Hilty, 1986 #1967] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
147 Differences in vocalizations among subspecies suggest that more than one species may be involved; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
148 Forms a superspecies with T. cryptoleucus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
149 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
150 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
151 Forms a superspecies with T. stictocephalus, T. sticturus, T. pelzelni and T. ambiguus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
152 Treated as a separate species, including huallagae, from T. punctatus by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274]; but see Isler et al. (2001) [Isler, 2001 #2095].
153 Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] listed this as a subspecies of T. amazonicus, but see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093].
154 For treatment as a separate species from T. punctatus, see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093].
155 Proposed subspecies saturatus and zimmeri represent clinal variation within nominate stictocephalus; see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093].
156 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
157 For treatment as a separate species from T. punctatus, see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093].
158 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
159 For treatment as a separate species from T. punctatus, see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093]; see also Lacerda et al. (2007) [Lacerda, 2007 #10419].
160 For treatment as a separate species from T. punctatus, see Isler et al. (1997) [Isler, 1997 #2093]; see also Lacerda et al. (2007) [Lacerda, 2007 #10419].
161 For continued treatment of T. caerulescens as a single species, see Brumfield (2005) [Brumfield, 2005 #9777] and Isler et al. (2005) [Isler, 2005 #9902]. The proposed subspecies connectens, represents the zone of intergradation between aspersiventer and dinellii; see Brumfield (2005) [Brumfield, 2005 #9777].
162 Proposed subspecies subandinus represents clinal variation within melanchrous; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
163 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
164 Proposed subspecies albonotatus represents clinal variation within nominate caerulescens; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
165 Proposed subspecies pernambucensis represents clinal variation within cearensis; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
166 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] considered this and T. unicolor to form a superspecies; they are sister species, see Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
167 May comprise more than one species; see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
168 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
169 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
170 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
171 For recognition see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
172 For transfer from Sakesphorus to Thamnophilus, see Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
173 For transfer from Sakesphorus to Thamnophilus, see Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778].
174 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
175 Whitney et al. (2004) [Whitney, 2004 #4205] and Brumfield & Edwards (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9778] showed that this newly discovered species is the sister species to T. insignis.
176 For provisional placement in this tribe; see Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
177 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
178 Similarities in foraging behaviour and some vocalizations suggested that Xenornis would be most closely related to Thamnomanes; see Whitney & Rosenberg (1993) [Whitney, 1993 #14574].
179 For provisional placement in this tribe; see Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
180 Sequence of genera based on Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]; but following Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] as regards the placement of the dismembered broad genus Myrmeciza.
181 May comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
182 Fitzpatrick & Willard (1990) [Fitzpatrick, 1990 #1559] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] considered C. tyrannina, C. laeta, C. parkeri, C. nigrescens and C. serva to form a monophyletic group based on plumage and voice.
183 Proposed subspecies rufiventris not considered diagnosable from nominate tyrannina; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
184 For treatment as a separate species from C. tyrannina, see Bierregaard et al. (1997) [Bierregaard, 1997 #301].
185 May comprise more than one species; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
186 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
187 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
188 Original wrapper dated December 1928.
189 Includes hypomelaena; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
190 Fitzpatrick & Willard (1990) [Fitzpatrick, 1990 #1559], Silva (1992) [Silva, 1992 #14578], and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suggested that C. nigricans, C. carbonaria, C. melanaria, and C. ferdinandi form a monophyletic group.
191 Includes atrata; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
192 Original wrapper dated December 1928.
193 Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] found that M. hemimelaena is not closely related to other Myrmeciza but rather to Cercomacra. Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] erected a new genus for this and M. castanea.
194 A distinguishable sibling taxon may be present in part of the range of pallens; see Fernandes et al. (2012) [Fernandes, 2012 #14334].
195 For extraction from synonymy and treatment as a separate species from S. hemimelaena, see Isler et al. (2002) [Isler, 2002 #2096].
196 Hypocnemis and Drymophila are sister genera; see Bates et al. (1999) [Bates, 1999 #15692] and Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779].
197 For treatment as a separate species from D. ferruginea, see Willis (1988) [Willis, 1988 #14575].
198 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] considered this and D. ochropyga to be sister species.
199 Treated as synonym of nominate squamata by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015]; but see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
200 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] considered this and D. caudata to be sister species.
201 May comprise more than one species; see Bates et al. (1999) [Bates, 1999 #15692] and Whittaker (2009) [Whittaker, 2009 #11804].
202 For treatment as a species separate from D. caudata; see Isler et al. (2012) [Isler, 2012 #14584].
203 For treatment as a species separate from D. caudata; see Isler et al. (2012) [Isler, 2012 #14584].
204 Includes aristeguietana Aveledo & Péres, 1994 [Aveledo, 1994 #119]; see Isler et al. (2012) [Isler, 2012 #14584].
205 Following acceptance of separation of a broad D. caudata into multiple species the species D. hellmayri, D. klagesi and D. striaticeps are allospecies.
206 For treatment as a species separate from D. caudata; see Isler et al. (2012) [Isler, 2012 #14584].
207 Species sequence based on Tobias et al. (2008) [Tobias, 2008 #14594].
208 For treatment as a separate species from H. cantator, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611]. For a suggestion collinsi merits species rank see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
209 For treatment as a separate species from H. cantator, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
210 Status uncertain; see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
211 Following the division of H. cantator into multiple species H. flavescens, H. peruviana, H. ochrogyna and H. striata are allospecies.
212 Treated as synonym of nominate cantator by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193], but see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
213 For treatment as a separate species from H. cantator, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
214 For treatment as a separate species from H. cantator; see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
215 For treatment as a separate species from H. cantator; see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10611].
216 Proposed as a new name for Dichropogon C. Chubb, 1918, which is preoccupied by Dichropogon Bezzi, 1910 (Diptera).
217 Formerly included in Hylophylax, but see Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779], who also found that Willisornis, Pithys, Phaenostictus, Phlegopsis, Gymnopithys and Rhegmatorhina form a monophyletic clade.
218 Although published in a 2007 volume the issue is dated April 2008.
219 Original spelling poecilinota corrected for gender agreement.
220 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
221 For treatment as a separate species from W. poecilinotus see Isler & Whitney (2011) [Isler, 2011 #13253]; now an allospecies.
222 Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] found that Pithys and Phaenostictus are sister genera.
223 Includes brevibarba not considered diagnosable from subspecies peruvianus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
224 Suspected of being an aberrant P. albifrons or a hybrid; see Willis (1984) [Willis, 1984 #14579]; see Lane et al. (2006) [Lane, 2006 #9936] for confirmation that it is a valid species.
225 Proposed subspecies chocoanus not considered diagnosable from nominate mcleannani; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
226 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
227 Species sequence follows Aleixo et al. (2009) [Aleixo, 2009 #11787] and includes Skutchia Willis, 1968 [Willis, 1968 #4222].
228 Phlegopsis barringeri Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 [Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 #2672] is considered a hybrid between P. erythroptera and P. nigromaculata; see Graves (1992) [Graves, 1992 #1785].
229 The genus name Skutchia Willis, 1968 [Willis, 1968 #4222] was retained for this species alone in Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193], but Aleixo et al. (2009) [Aleixo, 2009 #11787] found that it is the sister species to Phlegopsis nigromaculata.
230 For treatment as a separate species from G. leucaspis see Willis (1967) [Willis, 1967 #15552] and Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779]. But see also Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
231 Forms a superspecies with G. bicolor and G. leucaspis; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
232 Includes subspecies maculata said to be probably not diagnosable; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
233 Forms a superspecies with G. salvini; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
234 For evidence that this genus may need to be subsumed in Gymnopithys; see Aleixo et al. (2009) [Aleixo, 2009 #11787]. Further taxon-sampling needed.
235 The species of Rhegmatorhina form a superspecies; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
236 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
237 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] suggested that brunneiceps might deserve recognition as a separate species.
238 Considered undiagnosable from purusiana by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] because of intergradation with it, but parapatric subspecies expected to intergrade.
239 Sequence of genera based on Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]; but revised following Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] as regards the placement of the dismembered broad genus Myrmeciza.
240 For renewed recognition of this genus and attribution of species to it see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
241 Forms a superspecies with M. squamosus; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
242 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
243 Subspecies subsimilis listed by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] but not recognised by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] considered not diagnosable from nominate naevioides; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
244 Presumably forms a superspecies with H. naevioides; see A.O.U. (1983, 1998) [A.O.U., 1983 #8] [A.O.U., 1998 #9].
245 May comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
246 Includes consobrina and obscura; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
247 Not included in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] because Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] considered it doubtfully distinct, but see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
248 Proposed subspecies subochracea probably not diagnosable; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
249 Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] found that Hypocnemoides and Hylophylax are sister genera.
250 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] treated this as a synonym of nominate melanopogon on the basis of apparent intergradation, but parapatric subspecies are expected to intergrade at their contact zone.
251 Reasons for treatment of H. maculicauda as a separate species from H. melanopogon are weak (Zimmer 1932 [Zimmer, 1932 #9461], Ridgely & Tudor 1994 [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], Zimmer & Isler 2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193]; they form a superspecies.
252 Proposed subspecies orientalis not considered diagnosable (Zimmer & Isler 2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
253 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
254 Includes Schistocichla see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282], which was previously extracted from Percnostola by Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779].
255 For treatment as a species, with obscurus as a subpecies, separate from M. leucostigma, see Braun et al. (2005) [Braun, 2005 #470]. For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
256 Includes obscurus see Braun et al. (2005) [Braun, 2005 #470].
257 For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
258 For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
259 For treatment as a species separate from M. leucostigma, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10612]. For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
260 For treatment as a species separate from M. leucostigma, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10612]. For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
261 For treatment as a species separate from M. leucostigma, see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10612]. For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
262 For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282], who considered M. rufifacies, M. brunneiceps, M. humaythae and M. leucostigma to be allospecies.
263 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
264 For placement in Myrmelastes see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
265 For continued recognition see Isler et al. (2007) [Isler, 2007 #10612].
266 Placement in Myrmeciza has been questioned by Zimmer (1932) [Zimmer, 1932 #9462] and by Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272]. For erection of separate genus see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
267 For renewed recognition of this genus and attribution of species to it see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
268 Sipia rosenbergi is a synonym of this species; see Robbins & Ridgely (1991) [Robbins, 1991 #3346].
269 Considered by Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] to form a superspecies with S. nigricauda, but see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
270 For treatment as a separate allopatric species from S. laemosticta; see Chaves et al. (2010) [Chaves, 2010 #12546].
271 Proposed subspecies bolivari and venezuelae not considered diagnosable from palliata; see Robbins & Ridgely (1991) [Robbins, 1991 #3346].
272 May comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
273 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
274 The name Percnostola macrolopha Berlioz, 1966 [Berlioz, 1966 #289], was given to the male of P. lophotes see Parker (1982) [Parker, 1982 #2903]; now M. lophotes.
275 Not a member of genus Percnostola but most closely related to Myrmoborus; see Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813]; and placed therein by Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
276 May comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
277 Proposed subspecies napensis evidently not diagnosable from elegans; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
278 May comprise more than one species; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
279 Proposed subspecies griseigula considered not diagnosable from nominate leucophrys; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
280 For correct date see Evenhuis (1997) [Evenhuis, 1997 #12439].
281 Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suspected that some of the described subspecies may just refer to clinal variation.
282 The species in this genus form a superspecies; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
283 Parker & Carr (1992) [Parker, 1992 #14577], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suggested that P. leuconota might comprise more than one species, but also see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
284 For continued treatment as a separate species from P. leuconota, see Willis & Oniki (1982) [Willis, 1982 #15465] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
285 For selected date see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
286 Forms a superspecies with P. arenarum; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
287 This subspecies, with jensoni, was treated as a separate species from P. rufifrons by Capparella et al. (1997) [Capparella, 1997 #653], but see Isler et al. (2001) [Isler, 2001 #2095] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443].
288 For correct date see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548].
289 Published in February 2002, the relevant issue of the Wilson Bulletin being very late. See table in Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
290 Includes Inundicola Bravo, Isler & Brumfield, 2013 [Isler, 2013 #15282]; see Isler et al. (2014) [Isler, 2014 #15621].
291 Species in this genus were formerly placed in Myrmeciza, but see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282] and Isler et al. (2014) [Isler, 2014 #15621].
292 Includes Akletos peruvianus Dunajewski, 1948 [Dunajewski, 1948 #1441], a name given to the female of this species see Mayr (1957) [Mayr, 1957 #2558].
293 Considered to form a superspecies with A. goeldii by Parker (1982) [Parker, 1982 #2903] and Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890]. Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] found them to be sister species.
294 For placement in new genus Hafferia see Isler et al. (2013) [Isler, 2013 #15282].
295 Doubtfully distinct; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
296 For treatment as a separate allopatric species from H. immaculata; see Donegan (2012) [Donegan, 2012 #13711].
297 Donegan (2012) [Donegan, 2012 #13711] acted as First Reviser in selecting this name over that of berlepschi; both names having been described in the same publication.
298 Includes macrorhynchus Robbins & Ridgely, 1993 [Robbins, 1993 #3348] proposed as a new name for M.i.berlepschi Ridgway, 1909, preoccupied in Myrmeciza when Sipia subsumed therein, but no longer required.
299 Includes brunnea Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1955 [Phelps, 1955 #3040]; see Donegan (2012) [Donegan, 2012 #13711].
300 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suggested that this subspecies might deserve species rank; as did Cory & Hellmayr (1924) [Cory, 1924 #1062].
301 Proposed subspecies maculipennis and purusiana seem to represent clinal variation within nominate stellaris; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
302 Thamnistes and Pygiptila are sister genera, and Myrmornis is their closest relative; see Irestedt et al. (2004) [Irestedt, 2004 #2075], Brumfield et al. (2007) [Brumfield, 2007 #9779] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
303 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193] suggested that more than one species may be involved.
304 Voice and behaviour suggest that Pyriglena and Rhopornis are sister genera; see Zimmer & Isler (2003) [Zimmer, 2003 #12193].
305 Date 1891 in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] miscopied.
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