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CONOPOPHAGIDAE - Gnateaters1 (2:10)
CONOPOPHAGA Vieillot, 1816 F - Turdus auritus J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 31).  2
Conopophaga aurita3 Chestnut-belted Gnateater
1 inexpectata J.T. Zimmer, 1931 vSE Colombia, NW Brazil (W bank of R. Negro)
1 aurita (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vThe Guianas, N Brazil (Manaus to Amapá), S and E Venezuela
1 occidentalis C. Chubb, 1917 vNE Ecuador, NE Peru (east of R. Napo)
1 australis Todd, 1927 vNE Peru (to Ucayali), W Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira, south to N Acre, N Rondônia)
2 snethlageae von Berlepsch, 19124 S Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Tapajós, E bank of R. Teles Pires to C Pará)
2 pallida E. Snethlage, 19145 vSE Amazonian Brazil (C Pará to W bank of R. Tocantins)
Conopophaga melanops Black-cheeked Gnateater
nigrifrons O.M. de O. Pinto, 1954 Coastal NE Brazil (Paraíba to Alagoas) [Pinto, 1954 #3084]
perspicillata (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823)6 vCoastal E Brazil (Bahia, Sergipe)
melanops (Vieillot, 1818) SE Brazil (Espírito Santo to C Santa Catarina)
Conopophaga lineata7 Rufous Gnateater
1 lineata (zu Wied, 1831) vE Brazil (Pernambuco, S Bahia to Goiás; N Mato Grosso do Sul)
1 vulgaris Ménétries, 18358 vSE and SC Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina, E Uruguay
2 cearae Cory, 19169 NE Brazil (N Ceará)
Conopophaga roberti   Hellmayr, 1905 Hooded Gnateater
iNE Brazil (E bank of R. Tocantins in E Pará to Piauí, W Ceará)
Conopophaga peruviana   Des Murs, 1856 Ash-throated Gnateater
vE Ecuador, E Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (to E bank of middle and upper R. Purus), NW Bolivia (NW La Paz)
Conopophaga ardesiaca Slaty Gnateater
saturata von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906 vE slope of Andes in SE Peru (from SE Cuzco)
ardesiaca d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 vE slope of Andes from SE Peru (Puno) to S Bolivia (Tarija)
Conopophaga castaneiceps Chestnut-crowned Gnateater
chocoensis Chapman, 1915 vW Colombia (W slope of W Andes, Serranía de Baudó in W Chocó)
castaneiceps P.L. Sclater, 1857 C and E Andes of Colombia to C Ecuador
chapmani Carriker, 1933 E slope of E Andes from S Ecuador to N Peru (San Martín)
brunneinucha von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 E slope of Andes in C Peru (Huánuco to Cuzco)
Conopophaga melanogaster 10  Ménétries, 1835 Black-bellied Gnateater
iS Amazonian Brazil (R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós, south to N Rondônia; R. Xingu to lower R. Tocantins); NW Bolivia (NW Beni)
PITTASOMA Cassin, 1860 N - Pittasoma michleri Cassin, 1860; type by monotypy  
Pittasoma michleri Black-crowned Antpitta
zeledoni Ridgway, 1884 Caribbean Costa Rica and Panama
michleri Cassin, 1860 Pacific coast of Panama (Veraguas) to NW Colombia (N Chocó)
Pittasoma rufopileatum Rufous-crowned Antpitta
rosenbergi Hellmayr, 1911 W Colombia (C and S Chocó)
harterti Chapman, 191711 SW Colombia (W Nariño)
rufopileatum E. Hartert, 1901 vNW Ecuador (Esmeraldas, Pichincha)

1 For inclusion of Pittasoma in this family, see Rice (2005a,b) [Rice, 2005 #10048], [Rice, 2005 #10049] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
2 Sequence of species follows Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
3 May consist of more than one species; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
4 May merit treatment, along with pallida, as a separate species; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
5 Perhaps not diagnosable from snethlageae; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
6 Probably not diagnosable; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
7 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
8 Includes anomalus Bertoni, 1901 [Bertoni, 1901 #294]; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
9 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
10 Includes rusbyi Allen, 1889 [Allen, 1889 #14811]; see Whitney (2003) [Whitney, 2003 #12194].
11 Perhaps not diagnosable from nominate subspecies; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
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