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PHASIANIDAE - Partridges, Quail, Pheasants and Grouse1 (52:178)
ROLLULINAE
XENOPERDIX Dinesen, Lehmberg, Svendsen, Hansen & Fjeldså, 1994 M - Xenoperdix udzungwensis Dinesen et al., 1994; type by original designation and monotypy  
Xenoperdix udzungwensis2 Udzungwa Forest Partridge
udzungwensis Dinesen, Hansen, Lehmberg, Svendsen & Fjeldså, 1994 vUdzungwa Mts. (Tanzania) [Dinesen, 1994 #1399]
obscuratus Fjeldså & Kiure, 20033 vMafwemiro Forest (Tanzania) [Fjeldså, 2003 #4381]
ROLLULUS Bonnaterre, 1791 M - Rouloul; type by monotypy and virtual tautonymy = Phasianus rouloul Scopoli, 1786  
Rollulus rouloul 4  (Scopoli, 1786) δ Roulroul
iSE Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
ARBOROPHILA Hodgson, 1837 F - Perdix olivacea Latham; type by original designation and monotypy = Perdix torqueola Valenciennes, 1825  5
Arborophila torqueola Common Hill Partridge
millardi (E.C.S. Baker, 1921) Foothills of W Himalayas (east to W Nepal)
torqueola (Valenciennes, 1825) Foothills of E Himalayas (west to E Nepal), SE Xizang, N Yunnan
interstincta Ripley, 1951 vNE India [Ripley, 1951 #3301]
batemani (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) W and NW Myanmar
griseata Delacour & Jabouille, 1930 vNW Vietnam
Arborophila rufogularis Rufous-throated Hill Partridge
rufogularis (Blyth, 1849) αvFoothills of C and E Himalayas (west to W Uttarakhand)
intermedia (Blyth, 1855)6 αvNE India, NW, W and S Myanmar
tickelli (Hume, 1880) Mountains of E and SE Myanmar, N Thailand, SW Laos
euroa (Bangs & J.C. Phillips, 1914) vMountains of SE Yunnan to N Laos
guttata Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 vMountains of C Vietnam
annamensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) vMountains of SC Vietnam
Arborophila atrogularis 7  (Blyth, 1849) α White-cheeked Hill Partridge
vNE India (Assam), W, NW and E Myanmar
Arborophila crudigularis   (Swinhoe, 1864) Taiwan Hill Partridge
vTaiwan
Arborophila mandellii   Hume, 1874 Chestnut-breasted Hill Partridge
iFoothills of E Himalayas (Sikkim to NE Arunachal Pradesh)
Arborophila brunneopectus Bar-backed Hill Partridge
brunneopectus (Blyth, 1855) W and S Yunnan, Myanmar (except NW), W and N Thailand
henrici (Oustalet, 1896) NW and C Vietnam
albigula (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) SC Vietnam
Arborophila rufipectus   Boulton, 1932 Sichuan Hill Partridge
iW Sichuan
Arborophila gingica Collared Hill Partridge
gingica (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vFujian and Guangdong
guangxiensis Zhou Fang & Jiang Ai-wu, 2008 vN and C Guangxi [Zhou Fang, 2008 #11775]
Arborophila davidi   Delacour, 1927 Orange-necked Hill Partridge
iSC Vietnam
Arborophila cambodiana Chestnut-headed Hill Partridge
diversa Riley, 1930 vSE Thailand
chandamonyi J.C. Eames, Steinheimer & Bansok, 2002 SW Cambodia [Eames, 2002 #1466]
cambodiana Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 vSE Cambodia
Arborophila campbelli   (Robinson, 1904) Campbell's Hill Partridge
iMountains of C and S Thai-Malay Pen.
Arborophila rolli   (Rothschild, 1909) Roll's Hill Partridge
iMountains of N Sumatra
Arborophila sumatrana   Ogilvie-Grant, 1891 Sumatran Hill Partridge
vMountains of C Sumatra
Arborophila orientalis   (Horsfield, 1821) Horsfield's Hill Partridge
vMountains of E Java
Arborophila javanica8 Chestnut-bellied Hill Partridge
javanica (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)9 vMountains of W and WC Java
lawuana M. Bartels Jr., 1938 vMountains of EC Java [Bartels, 1938 #225]
Arborophila rubrirostris   (Salvadori, 1879) Red-billed Hill Partridge
vMountains of Sumatra
Arborophila hyperythra 10  (Sharpe, 1879) Red-breasted Hill Partridge
vMountains of Borneo
Arborophila ardens   (Styan, 1892) Hainan Hill Partridge
iHainan
Arborophila charltonii Scaly-breasted Partridge
chloropus (Blyth, 1859) N, C and S Myanmar, W and NW Thailand
tonkinensis (Delacour, 1927) vN and NC Vietnam
merlini (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) WC Vietnam
vivida (Delacour, 1926) vEC Vietnam
cognacqi (Delacour & Jabouille, 1924) SC Vietnam
olivacea (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) vSE Thailand (?), Laos, Cambodia
peninsularis Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 αvSW continental SE Asia [Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 #2663]
charltonii (Eyton, 1845) Thai-Malay Pen.
atjenensis Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 vN and extreme S Sumatra [Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 #2661]
graydoni (Sharpe & C. Chubb, 1906) N Borneo
RHIZOTHERA G.R. Gray, 1841 F - Perdix longirostris Temminck, 1815; type by monotypy  
Rhizothera longirostris   (Temminck, 1815) Long-billed Partridge
vSE Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, N and W Borneo
Rhizothera dulitensis 11  Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 Hose's Partridge
vMountains of NW Borneo
MELANOPERDIX Jerdon, 1864 M - Cryptonyx niger Vigors, 1829; type by original designation  
Melanoperdix niger Black Partridge
niger (Vigors, 1829) vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
borneensis Rothschild, 1917 vBorneo
CALOPERDIX Blyth, 1861 M - Cryptonyx ocellatus Raffles, 1822; type by monotypy
Caloperdix oculeus Ferruginous Partridge
oculeus (Temminck, 1815) vSW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
ocellatus (Raffles, 1822)12 vSumatra [Raffles, 1822 #3178]
borneensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 vBorneo
PHASIANINAE

Tribe PAVONINI
AFROPAVO Chapin, 1936 M - Afropavo congensis Chapin, 1936; type by monotypy  
Afropavo congensis   Chapin, 1936 Congo Peafowl
vIturi Forest (EC DR Congo) [Chapin, 1936 #687]
PAVO Linnaeus, 1758 M - Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758; type by Linnaean tautonymy  
Pavo cristatus   Linnaeus, 1758 Indian Peafowl
vS Asia13
Pavo muticus Green Peafowl
spicifer Shaw, 180414 vSE Assam and E Bangladesh to W Myanmar [Shaw, 1804 #3592]
imperator Delacour, 1949 αS Yunnan and continental SE Asia (except W) [Delacour, 1949 #1291]
muticus Linnaeus, 1766 vSE Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Java. Formerly Thai-Malay Pen.
ARGUSIANUS G.R. Gray, 1849 M - Argus gianteus Temminck, 1813; type by monotypy = Phasianus argus Linnaeus, 1766  15
Argusianus argus Great Argus
grayi (Elliot, 1865) Borneo
argus (Linnaeus, 1766)16 SE Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
RHEINARDIA Maingounat, 1882 F - Argus ocellatus Bonaparte; type by monotypy = Argus ocellatus Elliot, 1871  17
Rheinardia ocellata Crested Argus
ocellata (Elliot, 1871) vC Vietnam
nigrescens Rothschild, 1902 Mountains of S Thai-Malay Pen.
Tribe POLYPLECTRONINI
POLYPLECTRON Temminck, 1807 N - Polyplectron chinquis Temminck, 1813; type by monotypy = Pavo bicalcaratus Linnaeus, 1758  18,19
Polyplectron napoleonis 20  Lesson, 1831 Palawan Peacock Pheasant
iPalawan
Polyplectron malacense   (Scopoli, 1786) Malayan Peacock Pheasant
vC and S Thai-Malay Pen.
Polyplectron schleiermacheri 21  Brüggemann, 1877 Bornean Peacock Pheasant
iBorneo
Polyplectron germaini   Elliot, 1866 Germain's Peacock Pheasant
iS Vietnam
Polyplectron katsumatae 22  Rothschild, 1906 Hainan Peacock Pheasant
Hainan
Polyplectron inopinatum   (Rothschild, 1903) Mountain Peacock Pheasant
vMountains of C and S Thai-Malay Pen.
Polyplectron bicalcaratum 23  (Linnaeus, 1758) Grey Peacock Pheasant
vHimalayan foothills (east from West Bengal), NE India, SE Bangladesh, SW Yunnan, continental SE Asia (except extreme SE)
Polyplectron chalcurum24 Bronze-tailed Peacock Pheasant
scutulatum Chasen, 1941 vMountains of N Sumatra [Chasen, 1941 #716]
chalcurum Lesson, 1831 vMountains of S Sumatra
Tribe COTURNICINI25
MARGAROPERDIX Reichenbach, 1853 M - Tetrao madagarensis Scopoli, 1786; type by monotypy  26
Margaroperdix madagarensis 27,28  (Scopoli, 1786) Madagascar Partridge
vMadagascar (excluding far S)29
COTURNIX Bonnaterre, 1791 F - Caille; type by tautonymy = Tetrao coturnix Linnaeus, 1758  30
Coturnix coturnix31 Common Quail
coturnix (Linnaeus, 1758)32 Canary Is., Madeira, NW Africa; Europe east to Lena basin, Mongolia and N India >> Africa, C and S India33
conturbans E. Hartert, 1917 Azores
inopinata E. Hartert, 1917 vCape Verde Is.
africana Temminck & Schlegel, 1849 vSouth Africa >> S Angola; Comoros, Madagascar34
erlangeri von Zedlitz, 1912 Ethiopia to Zimbabwe
Coturnix japonica 35  Temminck & Schlegel, 1849 Japanese Quail
vTransbaikalia and Mongolia to Sakhalin, Japan and Korea, Bhutan (?) >> NE India, China, N continental SE Asia36
Coturnix coromandelica   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Rain Quail
vPakistan, India, Bangladesh, continental SE Asia (except Laos, N and C Vietnam)
Coturnix delegorguei Harlequin Quail
delegorguei Delegorgue, 1847 Liberia and Ivory Coast to Ethiopia, south to N Namibia and N South Africa (North West Province and Free State)
histrionica Hartlaub, 1849 vSão Tomé
arabica Bannerman, 1929 vSW Saudi Arabia and W Yemen
Coturnix pectoralis   Gould, 1837 Stubble Quail
vAustralia, Tasmania
†? Coturnix novaezelandiae 37  Quoy & Gaimard, 1830 New Zealand Quail
iNew Zealand
SYNOICUS Gould, 1843 M - Perdix australis Latham, 1801; type by monotypy   
Synoicus ypsilophorus Brown Quail
raaltenii (S. Müller, 1842)38 Flores to Tanimbar Is. (Lesser Sundas)
pallidior E. Hartert, 1897 vSumba, Savu (Lesser Sundas)
saturatior E. Hartert, 1930 vLowland N New Guinea (R. Mamberamo to Astrolabe Bay)
dogwa Mayr & Rand, 1935 Lowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region) [Mayr, 1935 #2540]
plumbeus Salvadori, 1894 vLowland SE New Guinea (west to Huon Gulf on N coast and Gulf of Papua on S coast)
mafulu Mayr & Rand, 193539 Montane EC and SE New Guinea [Mayr, 1935 #2540]
monticola Mayr & Rand, 1935 Alpine SE New Guinea [Mayr, 1935 #2540]
australis (Latham, 1801)40 αvAustralia (excluding Tasmania)
ypsilophorus (Bosc, 1792) vTasmania, Bass Strait Is.41
Synoicus chinensis Blue-breasted Quail/King Quail
chinensis (Linnaeus, 1766)42 vIndia and Sri Lanka to S China, Taiwan, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra, Java and islands in Java Sea, Lesser Sundas (east to Timor)43
trinkutensis (Richmond, 1902) vNicobars
lineatus (Scopoli, 1786)44 vBorneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas
novaeguineae (Rand, 1941) Montane WC to EC New Guinea (east to Central Highlands) [Rand, 1941 #3183]
papuensis (Mayr & Rand, 1936) vLowland to montane SC and SE New Guinea (west to Trans-Fly region) [Mayr, 1936 #2541]
lepidus (Hartlaub, 1879) vBismarck Arch. (except St. Matthias Group and Admiralty Is.)
victoriae (Mathews, 1912)45 NE to SE Australia
colletti (Mathews, 1912) NW and NC Australia (Kimberley Division, Arnhem Land)
Synoicus adansonii 46  (J. & E. Verreaux, 1851) Blue Quail
Sierra Leone to Uganda and S Kenya, south to Angola, Zimbabwe, E South Africa
ANUROPHASIS van Oort, 1910 M - Anurophasis monorthonyx van Oort, 1910; type by monotypy  
Anurophasis monorthonyx   van Oort, 1910 Snow Mountains Quail
iAlpine WC New Guinea (summit plateau of Maoke Mts.)
TETRAOGALLUS J.E. Gray, 1832 M - Tetraogallus nigellii J.E. Gray, 1832; type by monotypy = Tetraogallus himalayensis G.R. Gray, 1843  
Tetraogallus caucasicus   (Pallas, 1811) Caucasian Snowcock
vCaucasus
Tetraogallus caspius Caspian Snowcock
tauricus Dresser, 187647 vS and E Turkey to W Armenia [Ref.]
caspius (S.G. Gmelin, 1784) vC Armenia, SW and SE Azerbaijan, N Iran, SW Turkmenistan
semenowtianschanskii Sarudny, 1908 Zagros Mts. (SW Iran)
Tetraogallus himalayensis Himalayan Snowcock
sauricus R.L. Potapov, 199348 δvTarbagatay Mts. and Saur Mts. [Potapov, 1993 #3114]
sewerzowi Sarudny, 1910 W Tien Shan Mts. to Dzhungarian Alatau Mts. and Karlik Shan (N Xinjiang)
incognitus Sarudny, 1911 vMountains of S Tajikistan and N Afghanistan
himalayensis G.R. Gray, 1843 αvE Afghanistan and W Himalayas (east to W Nepal)49
grombczewskii Bianchi, 1898 W Kunlan Shan (SW Xinjiang)
koslowi Bianchi, 1898 SE Xinjiang, N Qinghai, SW Gansu
Tetraogallus tibetanus Tibetan Snowcock
tschimenensis Sushkin, 1926 vKunlun Shan and Altun Shan
tibetanus Gould, 1854 vE Pamir Mts. and E Afghanistan to W Tibetan Plateau and Ladakh
aquilonifer R. & A. Meinertzhagen, 1926 C and E Himalayas (west to Nepal), S Xizang
yunnanensis Yang Lan & Xu Yan-gong, 1987 vN Yunnan [Yang Lan, 1987 #4280]
henrici Oustalet, 1892 αE Xizang, W Sichuan
przewalskii Bianchi, 190750 Qinghai, N Sichuan, W Gansu
Tetraogallus altaicus 51  (Gebler, 1836) Altai Snowcock
vMongolia to C Russian Altai Mts. and Tuva Republic
ALECTORIS Kaup, 1829 F - Perdix petrosa auct. not of J.F. Gmelin; type by monotypy = Perdix barbara Bonnaterre, 1790  
Alectoris graeca Rock Partridge
saxatilis (Bechstein, 1805) vAlps, mainland Italy, Croatia, Montenegro
graeca (Meisner, 1804) vSerbia and Albania to Bulgaria and Greece
whitakeri Schiebel, 1934 Sicily [Schiebel, 1934 #3491]
Alectoris chukar Chukar Partridge
kleini E. Hartert, 191552 SE Bulgaria, NE Greece, NW and N Turkey, Caucasus
cypriotes E. Hartert, 1917 Crete, Rhodes, Cyprus, SW and SC Turkey
kurdestanica R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 vSE Turkey, N Syria, N Iraq, Transcaucasia, N Iran
sinaica (Bonaparte, 1858) vSyria to Sinai
werae (Sarudny & von Loudon, 1904) E Iraq, SW Iran
koroviakovi (Sarudny, 1914) NE and E Iran, SW and S Turkmenistan, W and S Afghanistan, W Pakistan
subpallida (Sarudny, 1914) vC Turkmenistan to C Uzbekistan and N Afghanistan
falki E. Hartert, 191753 Pamir-Alai and W and C Tien Shan Mts.
dzungarica Sushkin, 192754 vE Tien Shan Mts. and Zaysan Basin to Altai Mts., Tuva Republic and NW Mongolia
pallida (Hume, 1873)55 vTarim Basin east to W Nan Shan (Xinjiang)
pallescens (Hume, 1873) S Pamir Mts. to W Tibetan Plateau
chukar (J.E. Gray, 1830) W Himalayas (E Afghanistan to Nepal)56
potanini Sushkin, 1927 NE Xinjiang and SW Mongolia to N Ningxia
pubescens (Swinhoe, 1871)57 E Qinghai and Gansu to E China
Alectoris magna Przevalski's Partridge
magna (Przevalski, 1876) vN and C Qinghai
lanzhouensis Liu Nai-Fa, Huang Zu-Hao & Wen Long-Ying, 2004 vSW Ningxia, C Gansu and NE Qinghai [Liu Nai-fa, 2004 #2398]
Alectoris philbyi   P.R. Lowe, 1934 Philby's Partridge
iMountains of SW Saudi Arabia and W Yemen [Lowe, 1934 #2443]
Alectoris barbara Barbary Partridge
koenigi (Reichenow, 1899) Canary Is., NW Morocco
spatzi (Reichenow, 1895) S Morocco, C and S Algeria, S Tunisia, N Mauritania
barbara (Bonnaterre, 1790)58 vNE Morocco, N Algeria, N Tunisia59
barbata (Reichenow, 1896) vNE Libya, NW Egypt
Alectoris rufa Red-legged Partridge
rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) vC and S France to NW Italy, Corsica60
hispanica (Seoane, 1894) vN and NW Spain, N Portugal
intercedens (A.E. Brehm, 1857) E and S Iberia
Alectoris melanocephala Arabian Partridge
melanocephala (Rüppell, 1835) vSW Saudi Arabia to W Yemen; Oman
guichardi R. Meinertzhagen, 1951 E Hadramawt (E Yemen) [Meinertzhagen, 1951 #2646]
LERWA Hodgson, 1837 F - Perdix lerwa Hodgson, 1833; type by monotypy and tautonymy  
Lerwa lerwa Snow Partridge
lerwa (Hodgson, 1833) NW Pakistan, Himalayas (east from N Pakistan), S Xizang, N Myanmar
major R. Meinertzhagen, 192761 vN Yunnan, N and W Sichuan and Gansu
AMMOPERDIX Gould, 1851 M - Perdix heyi Temminck, 1825; type by subsequent designation (Reichenbach, 1853, Das natürliche System der Vögel, p. xxviii).  
Ammoperdix griseogularis 62  (von Brandt, 1843) See-see Partridge
vSE Turkey to Pakistan
Ammoperdix heyi Sand Partridge
heyi (Temminck, 1825) Sinai, Israel and Jordan to NW and C Saudi Arabia
nicolli E. Hartert, 1919 NE Egypt (Nile valley to Gulf of Suez)
cholmleyi Ogilvie-Grant, 1897 SE Egypt, NE Sudan
intermedius E. Hartert, 1917 vSW Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Oman
PERDICULA Hodgson, 1837 F - Perdicula rubicola Hodgson, 1837; type by original designation = Perdix asiatica Latham, 1790  
Perdicula asiatica Jungle Bush Quail
punjaubi Whistler, 1939 NW India [Whistler, 1939 #4159]
asiatica (Latham, 1790) vN and C India63
vidali Whistler & Kinnear, 1936 SW India [Whistler, 1936 #4156]
vellorei Abdulali & Reuben, 196564 αS India [Abdulali, 1965 #16]
ceylonensis Whistler, 193665 vSri Lanka [Whistler, 1936 #4156]
Perdicula argoondah66 Rock Bush Quail
meinertzhageni Whistler, 1937 W and NW India [Whistler, 1937 #4157]
argoondah (Sykes, 1832) C and SE India
salimalii Whistler, 194367 δS India [Ali, 1943 #46]
Perdicula erythrorhyncha68 Painted Bush Quail
blewitti (Hume, 1874) C and SE India
erythrorhyncha (Sykes, 1832) vSW India
Perdicula manipurensis Manipur Bush Quail
inglisi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1909) NE India (N West Bengal, Assam)
manipurensis Hume, 1881 αvNE India, E Bangladesh
OPHRYSIA Bonaparte, 1856 F - Rollulus superciliosus J.E. Gray, 1846; type by original designation and monotypy  
Ophrysia superciliosa   (J.E. Gray, 1846) Himalayan Quail
vHimalayan foothills of NW India (SE Uttarakhand)
PTERNISTIS Wagler, 1832 M - Tetrao capensis J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1841, A List of the Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 79). = Tetrao afer Statius Muller, 1776   69
Pternistis hartlaubi 70  (Bocage, 1869) Hartlaub's Francolin
SW Angola, N and C Namibia
Pternistis bicalcaratus Double-spurred Francolin
ayesha (E. Hartert, 1917) W Morocco
bicalcaratus (Linnaeus, 1766)71 vS Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone to Cameroon and SW Chad
ogilviegranti (Bannerman, 1922)72 S Nigeria, S Cameroon
Pternistis icterorhynchus 73  (von Heuglin, 1863) Heuglin's Francolin/Yellow-billed Francolin
vCentral African Republic, S Chad, SW Sudan, N DR Congo, W Uganda
Pternistis clappertoni Clapperton's Francolin
clappertoni (Children & Vigors, 1826) SE Mali and Niger to SW Sudan
koenigseggi (von Madarász, 1914)74 δSE Sudan
heuglini (Neumann, 1907) W and C South Sudan
sharpii (Ogilvie-Grant, 1892) Eritrea, N and C Ethiopia
nigrosquamatus (Neumann, 1902)75 vE South Sudan, W Ethiopia
gedgii (Ogilvie-Grant, 1891)76 S South Sudan, NE Uganda
Pternistis harwoodi   (Blundell & Lovat, 1899) Harwood's Francolin
WC Ethiopia
Pternistis adspersus Red-billed Francolin
adspersus (Waterhouse, 1838)77 vSW Angola and NW Namibia east to N Botswana
mesicus Clancey, 1996 vHighlands of NC Namibia; NW Zimbabwe, SW Zambia [Clancey, 1996 #970].
Pternistis capensis   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Cape Francolin
vSW South Africa (Western Cape, W Northern Cape)
Pternistis natalensis78 Natal Francolin
neavei (Mackworth-Praed, 1920) S and E Zambia, W Mozambique, NW Zimbabwe
natalensis (A. Smith, 1833)79 αvZimbabwe (except NW), E Botswana, NE and E South Africa
Pternistis hildebrandti Hildebrandt's Francolin
altumi (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) W Kenya
hildebrandti (Cabanis, 1878)80 E and C Kenya, N and W Tanzania, SE DR Congo, NE Zambia
johnstoni (Shelley, 1894)81 SE Tanzania, N Mozambique, Malawi
Pternistis ahantensis82 Ahanta Francolin
hopkinsoni (Bannerman, 1934)83 W Senegal and W Gambia to Guinea-Bissau [Bannerman, 1934 #205]
ahantensis (Temminck, 1854) αvS Guinea to S Nigeria
Pternistis squamatus Scaly Francolin
squamatus (Cassin, 1857)84 vSE Nigeria to N, C and W DR Congo
schuetti (Cabanis, 1880)85 E DR Congo, S South Sudan, W Ethiopia, Uganda, W and C Kenya
maranensis (Mearns, 1910)86 vS and SE Kenya to N Tanzania
usambarae (Conover, 1928) NE Tanzania
uzungwensis (Bangs & Loveridge, 1931) vSE Tanzania
doni (Benson, 1939) Mzuzu and South Viphya Plateau (Malawi) [Benson, 1939 #254]
Pternistis griseostriatus   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1890) Grey-striped Francolin
vW Angola
Pternistis leucoscepus 87  (G.R. Gray, 1867) Yellow-necked Spurfowl
vE South Sudan, S and E Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Kenya to NE Tanzania
Pternistis rufopictus   Reichenow, 1887 Grey-breasted Spurfowl
vTanzania (SE Lake Victoria)
Pternistis afer Red-necked Spurfowl
harterti Reichenow, 1909 E DR Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, NW Tanzania
cranchii (Leach, 1818)88,89 S DR Congo and N and C Angola to Uganda, W Kenya, W and C Tanzania, N Malawi, N and W Zambia
leucoparaeus (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) vSE Kenya, N Tanzania
melanogaster Neumann, 189890 E Tanzania to N Mozambique and NE Zambia
loangwae C.H.B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 E Zambia, Malawi [Grant, 1934 #1752]
afer (Statius Muller, 1776)91 vW Angola, NW Namibia
swynnertoni W.L. Sclater, 192192 E Zimbabwe, S Mozambique
castaneiventer Gunning & Roberts, 191193 E and S South Africa (Mpumalanga to Eastern Cape and SE Western Cape)
Pternistis swainsonii Swainson's Francolin
lundazi C.M.N. White, 1947 NE Zambia, N and W Zimbabwe, S Mozambique [White, 1947 #4171]
swainsonii (A. Smith, 1836)94 SW Angola, N Namibia to S and NE South Africa
Pternistis jacksoni 95,96  (Ogilvie-Grant, 1891) Jackson's Francolin
Mountains of WC Kenya
Pternistis nobilis 97  (Reichenow, 1908) Handsome Francolin
vE DR Congo, Rwanda, W and SW Uganda
Pternistis camerunensis   (Alexander, 1909) Mount Cameroon Francolin
vMont Cameroun (Cameroon)
Pternistis swierstrai 98  (Roberts, 1929) Swierstra's Francolin
W Angola
Pternistis castaneicollis Chestnut-naped Francolin
ogoensis (Mackworth-Praed, 1920) vN Somalia
castaneicollis (Salvadori, 1888)99 vWC to E Ethiopia
kaffanus (C.H.B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934)100 vSW Ethiopia [Grant, 1934 #1753]
atrifrons (Conover, 1930)101 S Ethiopia
Pternistis erckelii 102  (Rüppell, 1835) Erckel's Francolin
NE Sudan, N Eritrea, N and C Ethiopia103
Pternistis ochropectus   (Dorst & Jouanin, 1952) Djibouti Francolin
Goda Mts. and Mabla Mts. (Djibouti) [Dorst, 1952 #1409]
Tribe GALLINI
FRANCOLINUS Stephens, 1819 M - Francolinus vulgaris Stephens, 1819; type by tautonymy = Tetrao francolinus Linnaeus, 1766  104
Francolinus francolinus105 Black Francolin
francolinus (Linnaeus, 1766)106 Cyprus, Turkey and Levant to Transcaucasia and SW Turkmenistan107
arabistanicus Sarudny & Härms, 1913 vC and S Iraq, SW Iran
bogdanovi Sarudny, 1906108 SE Iran, Afghanistan, W Pakistan
henrici Bonaparte, 1856 E Pakistan
asiae Bonaparte, 1856109 NE and SE Pakistan, W and C Nepal, N India
melanonotus Hume, 1888 vE Nepal, NE India, E Bangladesh
Francolinus pictus Painted Francolin
pallidus (J.E. Gray, 1831)110 αvNW and W India
pictus (Jardine & Selby, 1828) vC and S India
watsoni Legge, 1880 Sri Lanka [Legge, 1880 #4704]
Francolinus pintadeanus Chinese Francolin
phayrei (Blyth, 1843) NE India, SW and S China, continental SE Asia
pintadeanus (Scopoli, 1786) vSE China
Francolinus pondicerianus Grey Francolin
mecranensis Sarudny & Härms, 1913 vS Iran to W Pakistan
interpositus E. Hartert, 1917111 vN India
pondicerianus (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)112 vS India, Sri Lanka113
Francolinus gularis 114  (Temminck, 1815) Swamp Francolin
vNepal, N India to Assam, Bangladesh
DENDROPERDIX Roberts, 1922 M - Perdix sephaena A. Smith, 1836; type by original designation  115
Dendroperdix sephaena Crested Francolin
spilogaster (Salvadori, 1888)116 E Ethiopia, N Somalia, NE Kenya
grantii (Hartlaub, 1866)117 South Sudan, W Ethiopia to NC Tanzania
rovuma (G.R. Gray, 1867)118,119 Coastal S Somalia and coastal Kenya to N Mozambique
zambesiae (Mackworth-Praed, 1920)120 WC Mozambique to S Angola and Namibia
sephaena (A. Smith, 1836)121 SE Botswana, SE Zimbabwe to S Mozambique and NE South Africa
PELIPERDIX Bonaparte, 1856 M - Francolinus lathami Hartlaub, 1854; type by original designation and monotypy  
Peliperdix coqui122 Coqui Francolin
spinetorum (Bates, G.L., 1928) S Mauritania to N Nigeria
maharao (W.L. Sclater, 1927)123 S Ethiopia to C and E Kenya
hubbardi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895) W and S Kenya, N Tanzania
coqui (A. Smith, 1836)124 S DR Congo, Uganda, NW and NE Tanzania and coastal Kenya south to N and E Zambia, Zimbabwe, E South Africa.
angolensis (Rothschild, 1902)125 vAngola, W Zambia
vernayi (Roberts, 1932)126,127 NE Namibia to NE Botswana and SW Zambia
Peliperdix albogularis White-throated Francolin
albogularis (Hartlaub, 1854) vSenegal and Gambia
buckleyi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1892)128 E Ivory Coast to N Cameroon
dewittei (Chapin, 1937) SE DR Congo [Chapin, 1937 #688]
meinertzhageni (C.M.N. White, 1944) W Zambia, E Angola [White, 1944 #4166]
Peliperdix schlegelii 129,130  (von Heuglin, 1863) Schlegel's Francolin
WC Cameroon to W South Sudan
Peliperdix lathami Forest Francolin
lathami (Hartlaub, 1854) SW Sierra Leone to W Togo; SW Nigeria to W DR Congo and Angola (Cabinda)
schubotzi (Reichenow, 1912) N and NE DR Congo, W South Sudan, W Uganda, NW Tanzania
SCLEROPTILA Blyth, 1852 F - Perdix levaillantii Valenciennes, 1825; type by subsequent designation (Ogilvie-Grant, 1893, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 22, p. 127).  131
Scleroptila streptophora   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1891) Ring-necked Francolin
vN Cameroon; W Kenya, N and C Uganda to NW Tanzania
Scleroptila levaillantii Red-winged Francolin
kikuyuensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1897) vE DR Congo to WC Kenya
crawshayi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1896) Highlands of NE Zambia, N Malawi
momboloensis (C.M.N. White, 1952)132,133 vAngola, W Zambia [White, 1952 #4176]
levaillantii (Valenciennes, 1825)134 δE and S South Africa (Mpumalanga and Gauteng to Eastern Cape and SE Western Cape)
Scleroptila afra 135,136,137  (Latham, 1790) Grey-winged Francolin
vSouth Africa (Mpumalanga to Eastern Cape and Western Cape), Lesotho
Scleroptila finschi   (Bocage, 1881) Finsch's Francolin
S Gabon, S PR Congo, SW DR Congo, W Angola
Scleroptila psilolaema138 Moorland Francolin
psilolaema (G.R. Gray, 1867) vC Ethiopia
elgonensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1891)139 vE Uganda to C Kenya
Scleroptila shelleyi Shelley's Francolin
uluensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1892)140 vC and S Kenya, N Tanzania
macarthuri (van Someren, 1938) Chyulu Range (SE Kenya) [van Someren, 1938 #3940]
shelleyi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1890)141,142 S Uganda and C Tanzania to NE and E South Africa
whytei (Neumann, 1908) SE DR Congo, Zambia, N Malawi
Scleroptila gutturalis143 Orange River Francolin
gutturalis (Rüppell, 1835)144 vN Eritrea, N Ethiopia
lorti (Sharpe, 1897) E Ethiopia, N Somalia
archeri (W.L. Sclater, 1927)145 S Ethiopia, E South Sudan, N Uganda, NW Kenya
jugularis (Büttikofer, 1889)146 vSW Angola
pallidior (Neumann, 1908)147 vN Namibia, N and W Botswana
levalliantoides (A. Smith, 1836)148,149 δE Namibia, S Botswana, N and C South Africa, Lesotho [Smith, 1836 #3659]
BAMBUSICOLA Gould, 1863 M - Perdix thoracica Temminck, 1815; type by subsequent designation (Ogilvie-Grant, 1893, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 22, p. 257).  
Bambusicola fytchii Mountain Bamboo Partridge
fytchii Anderson, 1871 W Sichuan and Yunnan, N continental SE Asia (except W Myanmar)
hopkinsoni Godwin-Austen, 1874150 NE India, W and SW Myanmar
Bambusicola thoracicus Chinese Bamboo Partridge
thoracicus (Temminck, 1815) vS and C China151
sonorivox Gould, 1863 Taiwan
GALLUS Brisson, 1760 M - Gallus Brisson; type by tautonymy = Phasianus gallus Linnaeus, 1758  
Gallus gallus Red Junglefowl
murghi Robinson & Kloss, 1920152 Kashmir to W Arunachal Pradesh, C and NE India, Bangladesh
spadiceus (Bonnaterre, 1792)153 αvSW Yunnan, far-NE India (NE Arunachal Pradesh), continental SE Asia except east, Thai-Malay Pen., N Sumatra [Bonnaterre, 1792 #436]
jabouillei Delacour & Kinnear, 1928 N Laos, N and NC Vietnam
gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) SE continental SE Asia (from E Thailand)154
bankiva Temminck, 1813 S Sumatra, Java, Bali
Gallus sonneratii 155  Temminck, 1813 Grey Junglefowl
iWC and S India
Gallus lafayetii 156,157  Lesson, 1831 δ Sri Lanka Junglefowl
iSri Lanka
Gallus varius   (Shaw, 1798) Green Junglefowl
vJava, Bali, islands in Java Sea, W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Alor)158
Tribe LOPHOPHORINI
LOPHOPHORUS Temminck, 1813 M - Lophophorus refulgens Temminck, 1813; type by monotypy = Phasianus impejanus Latham, 1790  
Lophophorus impejanus   (Latham, 1790) Himalayan Monal
vNE Afghanistan, Himalayas (N Pakistan to SE Arunachal Pradesh)
Lophophorus sclateri Sclater's Monal
arunachalensis Kumar & Singh, 2004 vNE India (W Arunachal Pradesh) [Kumar, 2004 #2292]
sclateri Jerdon, 1870 NE India (E Arunachal Pradesh), SE Xizang, N Yunnan, N Myanmar
orientalis G.W.H. Davison, 1974 vNE Myanmar, NW Yunnan [Davison, 1974 #1135]
Lophophorus lhuysii   A. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1866 Chinese Monal
iE Qinghai, W and N Sichuan, SW Gansu
TRAGOPAN Cuvier, 1829 M - Meleagris satyra Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Tragopan melanocephalus   (J.E. Gray, 1829) Western Tragopan
vW Himalayas (NW Pakistan to W Uttarakhand)
Tragopan satyra   (Linnaeus, 1758) Satyr Tragopan
iFoothills of C and E Himalayas (west to Uttarakhand)
Tragopan blythii Blyth's Tragopan
molesworthi E.C.S. Baker, 1914 Foothills of E Himalayas (west to E Bhutan), SE Xizang
blythii (Jerdon, 1870)159 NE India, W and NW Myanmar
Tragopan temminckii 160  (J.E. Gray, 1831) Temminck's Tragopan
iNE India (Arunachal Pradesh), SW and WC China, NW Vietnam
Tragopan caboti Cabot's Tragopan
caboti (Gould, 1857) Hills of N Guangdong and Fujian (SE China)
guangxiensis Cheng Tso-hsin & Wu Min-chuan, 1979161 vNE Guangxi (SC China) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1979 #734]
TETRAOPHASIS Elliot, 1871 M - Lophophorus obscurus J. Verreaux, 1869; type by original designation and monotypy  162
Tetraophasis obscurus   (J. Verreaux, 1869) Verreaux's Monal Partridge
vE Xizang, W Sichuan, E Qinghai, SW Gansu
Tetraophasis szechenyii   von Madarász, 1885 Szechenyi's Monal Partridge
iSE Xizang, N Yunnan, SE Qinghai, W Sichuan
Tribe PHASIANINI
SYRMATICUS Wagler, 1832 M - Phasianus reevesii J.E. Gray, 1829; type by monotypy  
Syrmaticus ellioti   (Swinhoe, 1872) Elliot's Pheasant
iSE China (Fujian to S Anhui and Zhejiang)
Syrmaticus humiae Mrs. Hume's Pheasant
humiae (Hume, 1881) E India (Manipur, Mizoram) and NW Myanmar
burmanicus (E.W. Oates, 1898) vSW Yunnan, E and S Myanmar, NW Thailand
Syrmaticus mikado   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) Mikado Pheasant
iTaiwan
Syrmaticus soemmerringii Copper Pheasant
scintillans (Gould, 1866) N and W Honshu (Japan)
subrufus (N. Kuroda, Sr., 1919) vPacific side of C and SW Honshu and Shikoku (Japan)
intermedius (N. Kuroda, Sr., 1919) vNorthern side of SW Honshu and Shikoku (Japan)
soemmerringii (Temminck, 1830)163 δN and C Kyushu (Japan)
ijimae (Dresser, 1902) S Kyushu (Japan)
Syrmaticus reevesii   (J.E. Gray, 1829) Reeves's Pheasant
iNE Sichuan, Hubei and Anhui to EC Nei Mongol and Hebei164
CHRYSOLOPHUS J.E. Gray, 1834 M - Phasianus pictus Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Chrysolophus pictus   (Linnaeus, 1758) Golden Pheasant
vN Guangxi and N Guangdong to S Gansu and S Shaanxi (E China)
Chrysolophus amherstiae   (Leadbeater, 1829) Lady Amherst's Pheasant
iW Sichuan, N Yunnan, W Guizhou and N Myanmar
PHASIANUS Linnaeus, 1758 M - Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758; type by Linnaean tautonymy  
Phasianus colchicus Common Pheasant
septentrionalis Lorenz, 1888 vN Caucasus, W Caspian Sea to Volga delta
colchicus Linnaeus, 1758165 vTranscaucasia, east to W and N Azerbaijan166
talischensis Lorenz, 1888 vE and SE Azerbaijan to NC Iran
persicus Severtsov, 1875 vSW Turkmenistan and NE Iran
principalis P.L. Sclater, 1885167 vSE Turkmenistan, NW Afghanistan
chrysomelas Severtsov, 1875 W Uzbekistan and N Turkmenistan
zarudnyi Buturlin, 1904168 Amudar'ya valley (E Turkmenistan)
bianchii Buturlin, 1904169 SE Uzbekistan, SW Tajikistan, NE Afghanistan
zerafschanicus Tarnovski, 1893 vRegions of Bukhara and Samarkand (Uzbekistan)
turcestanicus Lorenz, 1896170 vSyrdar'ya valley (S Kazakhstan) to Fergana Basin
mongolicus von Brandt, 1844171 vSE Kazakhstan and N Kyrgyzstan
shawii Elliot, 1870 W Tarim Basin (Xinjiang, W China)
tarimensis Pleske, 1889 αvE Tarim Basin (east to Lop Nur)
vlangalii Przevalski, 1876 Tsaidam Basin (N Qinghai, China)
strauchi Przevalski, 1876 Xining area (NE Qinghai)
sohokhotensis Buturlin, 1908172 δvN foothills of Nan Shan in E Gansu
satscheuensis Pleske, 1892 vN foothills of Nan Shan in W Gansu
hagenbecki Rothschild, 1901 W Mongolia
edzinensis Sushkin, 1926 vLower R. Ruo Shui (W Nei Mongol)
alaschanicus Alphéraky & Bianchi, 1908 vNingxia and SC Nei Mongol
kiangsuensis Buturlin, 1904 vN Shaanxi and Shanxi to W Hebei and SE Nei Mongol
karpowi Buturlin, 1904 S Heilongjiang, C and S Korea, Cheju-do
pallasi Rothschild, 1903 SE Siberia, N and E Heilongjiang, and NE Korea
suehschanensis Bianchi, 1906 vN Sichuan and S Gansu
elegans Elliot, 1870 W Sichuan to NW Yunnan and NE Myanmar
decollatus Swinhoe, 1870 vNE Yunnan, E Sichuan, Guizhou and W Hubei
rothschildi La Touche, 1922 SE Yunnan, NW Vietnam
takatsukasae Delacour, 1927 SW Guangxi, NE Vietnam
torquatus J.F. Gmelin, 1789173 vAnhui and Shandong to N Guangxi and N Guangdong
formosanus Elliot, 1870174 vTaiwan
Phasianus versicolor175 Green Pheasant
robustipes N. Kuroda, Sr., 1919176 N Honshu, Sadoga-shima (Japan)
tohkaidi Momiyama, 1922 W and C Honshu, Shikoku (Japan)
versicolor Vieillot, 1825177 SW Honshu, Kyushu, Goto Is. (Japan)
tanensis N. Kuroda, Sr., 1919 vS peninsulas of Honshu, Izu Is. (O-shima) and Osumi Is. (Japan)
CROSSOPTILON Hodgson, 1838 N - Phasianus crossoptilon Hodgson, 1838; type by monotypy and tautonymy  
Crossoptilon crossoptilon White Eared Pheasant
dolani Meyer de Schauensee, 1937 SE Qinghai [Meyer de Schauensee, 1937 #2660]
crossoptilon (Hodgson, 1838) W and N Sichuan to SE Xizang, Yunnan
lichiangense Delacour, 1945 vN Yunnan to SW Sichuan [Delacour, 1945 #1286]
drouynii J. Verreaux, 1868 SW Qinghai to E and SE Xizang and NW Sichuan
Crossoptilon harmani 178  Elwes, 1881 Tibetan Eared Pheasant
S Xizang, E Himalayas (NE Arunachal Pradesh)
Crossoptilon mantchuricum   Swinhoe, 1863 Brown Eared Pheasant
vShanxi to Hebei and neighbouring Nei Mongol
Crossoptilon auritum   (Pallas, 1811) Blue Eared Pheasant
vN Sichuan, N and E Qinghai to Gansu and Ningxia
CATREUS Cabanis, 1851 M - Phasianus wallichii Hardwicke, 1827; type by monotypy  
Catreus wallichii   (Hardwicke, 1827) Cheer Pheasant
iFoothills of W and C Himalayas (S Kashmir to Nepal)
LOPHURA J. Fleming, 1822 F - Phasianus ignitus Shaw, 1798; type by monotypy  179,180
Lophura leucomelanos181 Kalij Pheasant
hamiltonii (J.E. Gray, 1829) Foothills of W Himalayas (N Pakistan to WC Nepal)
leucomelanos (Latham, 1790) Foothills of C Himalayas (C and E Nepal)182
melanota (T. Hutton, 1848) vFoothills of C Himalayas (E Nepal to W Bhutan)
moffitti (Hachisuka, 1938) Foothills of E Himalayas (C Bhutan) [Hachisuka, 1938 #1852]
lathami (J.E. Gray, 1829) Foothills of E Himalayas (west to E Bhutan), NE India, SE Xizang, N Myanmar
williamsi (E.W. Oates, 1898) W, C and S Myanmar
oatesi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1893) SW and WC Myanmar
Lophura nycthemera183 Silver Pheasant
omeiensis Cheng Tso-hsin, Chang Chun-fan & Tang Jui-chang, 1964 vWC Sichuan [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1964 #727]
rongjiangensis Tan Yao-kuang & Wu Zhikang, 1981 vS and W Guizhou [Tan Yao-kuang, 1981 #3803]
nycthemera (Linnaeus, 1758) vS China, NE Vietnam
fokiensis Delacour, 1948 vNW Fujian [Delacour, 1948 #1290]
whiteheadi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1899) Hainan
occidentalis Delacour, 1948 vNE Myanmar, extreme NW Yunnan [Delacour, 1948 #1290]
rufipes (W.E. Oates, 1898) NC Myanmar, SW Yunnan
jonesi (E.W. Oates, 1903) E Myanmar, S Yunnan, extreme N and NE Thailand
lineata (Vigors, 1831) vE and S Myanmar (east of R. Irrawaddy), W and NW Thailand
ripponi (Sharpe, 1902) EC Myanmar (east of R. Salween)
crawfurdii (J.E. Gray, 1829)184 SE Myanmar (Tenasserim), SW Thailand [Gray, 1829 #1793]
beaulieui Delacour, 1948 SE Yunnan, N Laos, NW Vietnam [Delacour, 1948 #1290]
berliozi (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) EC Laos, NC Vietnam
beli (Oustalet, 1898) WC Vietnam
annamensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) vSC Vietnam
lewisi (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) Cambodia
engelbachi Delacour, 1948 S Laos [Delacour, 1948 #1290]
Lophura edwardsi 185  (Oustalet, 1896) Edwards's Pheasant
iNC and C Vietnam
Lophura swinhoii   (Gould, 1863) Swinhoe's Pheasant
iTaiwan
Lophura inornata Salvadori's Pheasant
hoogerwerfi (Chasen, 1939)186 Mountains of N Sumatra [Chasen, 1939 #712]
inornata (Salvadori, 1879) vMountains of C and S Sumatra
Lophura erythrophthalma Crestless Fireback
erythrophthalma (Raffles, 1822) vS Thai-Malay Pen., N Sumatra
pyronota (G.R. Gray, 1841) vBorneo
Lophura ignita Crested Fireback
rufa (Raffles, 1822) vThai-Malay Pen., N and C Sumatra
macartneyi (Temminck, 1813)187 SE Sumatra [Temminck, 1813 #3817]
nobilis (P.L. Sclater, 1863)188 vN Borneo [Sclater, 1863 #3552]
ignita (Shaw, 1798) αvBangka I. (off SE Sumatra), Borneo (except range of nobilis)
Lophura diardi   (Bonaparte, 1856) Siamese Fireback
iContinental SE Asia (except SW and NE)
Lophura bulweri   (Sharpe, 1874) Bulwer's Pheasant
iBorneo
Tribe TETRAONINI189
MELEAGRIS Linnaeus, 1758 F - Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758; type by Linnaean tautonymy  
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey
merriami Nelson, 1900 W USA (W Great Plains and Rocky Mts. in S Colorado) south to NW Mexico (N Sonora)
intermedia Sennett, 1879 vC USA (Kansas) south to NE Mexico (Tamaulipas)
silvestris Vieillot, 1817 vSE Canada (S Ontario) to E USA (west to Great Plains and south to Texas and N Florida)
osceola W.E.D. Scott, 1890 SE USA (Florida Pen.)
mexicana Gould, 1856 vNW Mexico (C Chihuahua and Durango to N Jalisco) [Gould, 1856 #1748]
onusta R.T. Moore, 1938190 NW Mexico (SE Sonora and SW Chihuahua to E Sinaloa) [Moore, 1938 #2713]
gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 SC Mexico (Michoacán and Guerrero to Veracruz)191
Meleagris ocellata 192  Cuvier, 1820 Ocellated Turkey
vSE Mexico (Yucatan Pen. and E Chiapas), Belize and N Guatemala (N Petén)
BONASA Stephens, 1819 F - Tetrao umbellus Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (A.O.U., 1886, Check List, 2nd ed., p. 172).  
Bonasa umbellus193 Ruffed Grouse
brunnescens Conover, 1935 SW Canada (Vancouver I. and adjacent mainland in British Columbia) [Conover, 1935 #1038]
castanea Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 vNW USA (extreme W Washington, ? W Oregon) [Aldrich, 1943 #40]
sabini (Douglas, 1829) SW Canada (SW interior British Columbia) to NW USA (NW California)
yukonensis G.B. Grinnell, 1916194 vC Alaska to NW Canada (SW Northwest Territories and N Alberta)
umbelloides (Douglas, 1829)195 SE Alaska through British Columbia south to interior C Oregon, E Idaho and NW Wyoming and east to C Ontario
phaios Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943196 δSW Canada (SE British Columbia) to NW USA (NE Oregon) [Aldrich, 1943 #40]
incana Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 vC Canada (S Saskatchewan, SW Manitoba) to NC USA (Utah, SE North Dakota) [Aldrich, 1943 #40]
obscura Todd, 1947 vSC Canada (N Ontario and C Québec) [Todd, 1947 #3846]
labradorensis Ouellet, 1991 αvE Canada (S Labrador to Québec) [Ouellet, 1991 #2884]
mediana Todd, 1940197 vNC USA (SW Minnesota east to SW Michigan and south to C Arkansas and W Tennessee) [Todd, 1940 #3842]
togata (Linnaeus, 1766) vS Canada (S Ontario to Nova Scotia) and NC and NE USA (NE Minnesota to NW Connecticut)
monticola Todd, 1940 EC USA (S Michigan to W Pennsylvania, south in Appalachian Mts. to N Georgia) [Todd, 1940 #3842]
helmei Bailey, 1941198 NE USA (Long Island in New York) [Bailey, 1941 #127]
umbellus (Linnaeus, 1766) NE USA (C New York and C Massachusetts south to E Pennsylvania and New Jersey)
TETRASTES Keyserling & J.H. Blasius, 1840 M - Tetrao bonasia Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Tetrastes bonasia199 Northern Hazel Grouse
rhenanus (O. Kleinschmidt, 1917) δvW Germany and Belgium to NE France
styriacus (von Jordans & Schiebel, 1944) vJura Mts., Alps and Carpathian Mts. north to E Poland [von Jordans, 1944 #4051]
schiebeli (O. Kleinschmidt, 1943) S Slovenia to N Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria [Kleinschmidt, 1943 #2234]
rupestris (C.L. Brehm, 1831)200 vC and S Germany and W Poland to N Austria
bonasia (Linnaeus, 1758)201 W and S Fenno-Scandia, C Poland to C Ukraine and C Russia
griseonota Salomonsen, 1947202 δN Fenno-Scandia to NW Russia [Salomonsen, 1947 #3448]
sibiricus Buturlin, 1916 vNE Russia, N and C Siberia south to Transbaikalia and N Mongolia
kolymensis Buturlin, 1916 vE Yakutia to Sea of Okhotsk (E Siberia)
amurensis Riley, 1916 vNE China, Amurland to Korea
yamashinai Momiyama, 1928 Sakhalin
vicinitas Riley, 1915 Hokkaido (Japan)
Tetrastes sewerzowi Severtsov's Hazel Grouse
sewerzowi Przevalski, 1876 Gansu, NE Qinghai, N Sichuan
secundus Riley, 1925 δvSE Qinghai, E Xizang, W Sichuan
LAGOPUS Brisson, 1760 F - Lagopus Brisson; type by tautonymy = Tetrao lagopus Linnaeus, 1758  
Lagopus lagopus Willow Grouse/Willow Ptarmigan
scotica (Latham, 1787)203 vBritish Isles and Ireland
variegata Salomonsen, 1936 vIslets in Trondheim Fjord (W Norway) [Salomonsen, 1936 #3446]
lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758) N Europe
rossica Serebrovski, 1926 vBelarus and C Russia to WC Ural Mts.
koreni Thayer & Bangs, 1914 N Siberia east to Chukchi Pen., Kamchatka and Kuril Is.
maior Lorenz, 1904 vS Ural steppe, SW Siberia, N Kazakhstan, W Altai Mts.
brevirostris Hesse, 1912 vAltai Mts. to W Mongolia and W Tuva Republic
kozlowae Portenko, 1931 Khangai (N Mongolia) and E Tuva Republic
sserebrowsky Domaniewski, 1933204 δNE Mongolia and Lake Baikal area to SE Siberia and NE China [Domaniewski, 1933 #1406]
okadai Momiyama, 1928 Sakhalin
alascensis Swarth, 1926 vN and W Alaska
alexandrae G.B. Grinnell, 1909205 NW North America (E Aleutian Is. from Atka to Unimak, Shumagin Is. and Kodiak I., coastal islands in SE Alaska and NW British Columbia)
leucoptera Taverner, 1932 vN Canada (Banks I., Victoria I., Southampton I., Baffin I.)
alba (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vN Canada (mainland from N Yukon and C British Columbia to W Hudson Bay)
ungavus Riley, 1911206 E Canada (N Québec and N Labrador)
alleni Stejneger, 1884 E Canada (Newfoundland)
Lagopus muta Rock Ptarmigan
macruros Schiøler, 1925207 N and E Greenland (on W coast S to Melville Bay)
saturata Salomonsen, 1950208 vWC coastal Greenland (around Baffin and Disko Bays) [Salomonsen, 1950 #3449]
reinhardi (C.L. Brehm, 1824)209 δSW and SE coastal Greenland
islandorum (Faber, 1822) Iceland
hyperborea Sundevall, 1845 vSvalbard, Franz Josef Land
muta (Montin, 1781)210 αvN Europe [Montin, 1781 #15823]
millaisi E. Hartert, 1923 Scotland
helvetica (Thienemann, 1829) vAlps to the mountains of the Balkans
pyrenaica E. Hartert, 1921 vC and E Pyrenees
pleskei Serebrovski, 1926211 Siberia (from the Ural Mts. to Kamchatka)
nadezdae Serebrovski, 1926 Tarbagatay Mts. and Altai Mts. east to south end of Lake Baikal and N Mongolia; Tajikistan (?)
gerasimovi Red'kin, 2005 Karaginskiy I. (off E Kamchatka) [Red'kin, 2005 #10041]
ridgwayi Stejneger, 1884 Commander Is.
kurilensis N. Kuroda, Sr., 1924 vN and C Kuril Is.
japonica A.H. Clark, 1907 vHonshu (Japan)
evermanni Elliot, 1896212 Attu (W Aleutian Is.)
townsendi Elliot, 1896213 Kiska, Amchitka, Little Sitkin and Rat I. (W Aleutian Is.)
atkhensis L.M. Turner, 1882214 vTanaga, Kanaga, Adak and Atka (WC Aleutian Is.)
yunaskensis Gabrielson & Lincoln, 1951 vYunaska (C Aleutian Is.) [Gabrielson, 1951 #1643]
nelsoni Stejneger, 1884215 Unimak and Unalaska (E Aleutian Is.), Alaska and NW Canada (N Yukon)
dixoni G.B. Grinnell, 1909216 S Alaska (Glacier Bay Is. and adjacent mainland) to NW Canada (NW British Columbia)
rupestris (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vN North America south to C British Columbia and east to Ellesmere I. and Labrador
welchi Brewster, 1885 E Canada (Newfoundland)
Lagopus leucura217 White-tailed Ptarmigan
peninsularis Chapman, 1902 vNW North America (S Alaska, Yukon, W Northwest Territories)
leucura (J. Richardson, 1831) vSW Canada (Rocky Mts. in British Columbia and SW Alberta)
rainierensis W.P. Taylor, 1920 vNW USA (Cascade Range in Washington)
saxatilis Cowan, 1939 vSW Canada (Vancouver I.) [Cowan, 1939 #1067]
altipetens Osgood, 1901 WC USA (Rocky Mts. from Montana to N New Mexico)
DENDRAGAPUS Elliot, 1864 M - Tetrao obscurus Say, 1823; type by subsequent designation (Baird, Brewer & Ridgway, 1874, Hist. N. Am. Bds., Land Birds, 3, p. 415).  
Dendragapus obscurus Dusky Grouse
richardsonii (Douglas, 1829) Rocky Mts. from W Canada (S Yukon) to W USA (N Idaho and NW Wyoming)
pallidus Swarth, 1931 vW Canada (SC British Columbia) to W USA (E Washington to NE Oregon)
oreinus Behle & Selander, 1951 vMountains in Great Basin in N Nevada and NW Utah [Behle, 1951 #247]
obscurus (Say, 1823) vW USA (Rocky Mts. from C Wyoming to C Arizona and S New Mexico)
Dendragapus fuliginosus218 Sooty Grouse
sitkensis Swarth, 1921 vNW North America (Alexander Arch. in SE Alaska to Queen Charlotte Is. in W British Columbia)
fuliginosus (Ridgway, 1873)219 vNW North America (coastal mountains of SE Alaska and S Yukon to NW California; also Vancouver I.)
sierrae Chapman, 1904 W USA (Cascade Range in C Washington to Sierra Nevada in C California)
howardi Dickey & van Rossem, 1923 W USA (S Sierra Nevada south to Tehachapi Mts. and Mt. Pinos in C California)
FALCIPENNIS Elliot, 1864 M - Falcipennis hartlaubii Elliot, 1864; type by monotypy and tautonymy = Tetrao falcipennis Hartlaub, 1855  220
Falcipennis falcipennis   (Hartlaub, 1855) Siberian Grouse
vNE Asia, Sakhalin
Falcipennis canadensis221,222 Spruce Grouse
1 osgoodi (Bishop, 1900) N and C Alaska to W Canada (NW Saskatchewan)
1 atratus (G.B. Grinnell, 1910) vCoastal S Alaska (Bristol Bay to Prince William Sound)
1 canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) vS Canada (C Alberta to Labrador and Nova Scotia)223
1 canace (Linnaeus, 1766) SE Canada (S Manitoba to New Brunswick) and NE USA (N Minnesota to E Maine)
2 isleibi Dickerman & Gustafson, 1996 SE Alaska (Prince of Wales I. and nearby smaller islands) [Dickerman, 1996 #1350]
2 franklinii (Douglas, 1829) Rocky Mts. of W Canada (C British Columbia and SW Alberta) and NW USA (south to C Idaho and NW Wyoming)
TETRAO Linnaeus, 1758 M - Tetrao urogallus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 62).  
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie
cantabricus Castroviejo, 1967 vNW Spain [Castroviejo, 1967 #680]
aquitanicus C. Ingram, 1915 vPyrenees
crassirostris C.L. Brehm, 1831224,225 vAlps to W and S Balkans and N Greece and to Estonia and N Belarus [Brehm, 1831 #475]
volgensis Buturlin, 1907 vS and C Belarus to C Russia
urogallus Linnaeus, 1758 Scotland, Fenno-Scandia and Lake Onega
kureikensis Buturlin, 1927 vNE Russia to NC Siberia (W Putorana Plateau)
uralensis Nazarov, 1886226,227 vSE Russia, S Ural Mts., SW Siberia to NW Altai Mts. [Nazarenko, 1886 #13906]
taczanowskii (Stejneger, 1885) NE Altai Mts. and mountains south and east of Lake Baikal
Tetrao urogalloides Black-billed Capercaillie
urogalloides von Middendorff, 1853228,229 vE Asia from C Siberia and N Mongolia to Anadyr and Russian Far East [von Middendorff, 1853 #2681]
kamtschaticus von Kittlitz, 1858230 δvKamchatka
LYRURUS Swainson, 1832 M - Tetrao tetrix Linnaeus, 1758; type by original designation  231
Lyrurus tetrix Eurasian Black Grouse
britannicus Witherby & Lönnberg, 1913 vScotland, Wales, N England
tetrix (Linnaeus, 1758) Norway, France and Balkans to W and N Russia and N Siberia
viridanus (Lorenz, 1891)232 vSE Russia, SW Siberia and N Kazakhstan east to N Altai Mts. and Tuva Republic
baikalensis (Lorenz, 1911) vLake Baikal and N Mongolia to W Amurland and N Nei Mongol
mongolicus (Lönnberg, 1904) vTien Shan Mts. to Russian and Mongolian Altai Mts.
ussuriensis (Kohts, 1911) vC Amurland and NE Heilongjiang to Russian Far East and N Korea
Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi   (Taczanowski, 1875) Caucasian Black Grouse
iNE Turkey, Caucasus, Transcaucasia
CENTROCERCUS Swainson, 1832 M - Tetrao urophasianus Bonaparte, 1827; type by original designation  
Centrocercus urophasianus 233  (Bonaparte, 1827) Greater Sage Grouse
vSW Canada (SE Alberta and SW Saskatchewan) to W USA (E California to W Colorado)
Centrocercus minimus 234  Young, C.E. Braun, Oyler-McCance, Hupp & Quinn, 2000 α Gunnison Sage Grouse
vW USA (SW Colorado, E Utah) [Young, 2000 #4288]
TYMPANUCHUS Gloger, 1841 M - Tetrao cupido Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Tympanuchus phasianellus235 Sharp-tailed Grouse
caurus (Friedmann, 1943)236 NC Alaska to S Yukon, N British Columbia, N Alberta and N Saskatchewan [Friedmann, 1943 #1601]
kennicotti (Suckley, 1862)237,238 ΘW North West Territories (Canada) [Suckley, 1861 #3777]
phasianellus (Linnaeus, 1758) vEC Canada (N Manitoba, N Ontario and WC Québec)
columbianus (Ord, 1815) vBritish Columbia to W Colorado
jamesi (Lincoln, 1917) WC North America (Great Plains from C Alberta and S Saskatchewan south to NE Colorado and Nebraska)
campestris (Ridgway, 1884)239 vSC Canada (S Manitoba and S Ontario) to NC USA (Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan)
†? hueyi Dickerman & Hubbard, 1994 SC USA (high plains of NE New Mexico) [Dickerman, 1994 #1349]
Tympanuchus cupido240 Greater Prairie Chicken
pinnatus (Brewster, 1885) vNC USA (North Dakota and W Minnesota south to C Kansas and S Illinois)
attwateri Bendire, 1893 SC USA (SE Texas)
†? cupido (Linnaeus, 1758) E USA (Massachusetts to Virginia)
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus 241  (Ridgway, 1873) Lesser Prairie Chicken
vSC USA (Great Plains of SE Colorado, SW Kansas, W Oklahoma, E New Mexico and NW Texas)
Tribe GENERA INCERTAE SEDIS
PERDIX Brisson, 1760 F - Perdix Brisson; type by tautonymy = Tetrao perdix Linnaeus, 1758  
Perdix perdix Grey Partridge
perdix (Linnaeus, 1758)242 Norway, British Isles and N France to C Europe, W Bulgaria and Greece243
armoricana E. Hartert, 1917 vW and C France
sphagnetorum (Altum, 1894) NE Netherlands, NW Germany
hispaniensis Reichenow, 1892 vN Spain, NE Portugal
†? italica E. Hartert, 1917 vItaly
lucida (Altum, 1894) vFinland south to NE Bulgaria and east to Ural Mts. and N Caucasus
canescens Buturlin, 1906244 Turkey to Caucasus area and NW Iran
robusta von Homeyer & Tancré, 1883245 vSW Siberia and Kazakhstan to NW China and Tuva Republic
Perdix dauurica246 Daurian Partridge
dauurica (Pallas, 1811)247,248 vTien Shan Mts. and Altai Mts. to Transbaikalia, Mongolia and Xinjiang (NW China)
suschkini Poliakov, 1915249 NE China and Russian Far East
Perdix hodgsoniae Tibetan Partridge
caraganae R. & A. Meinertzhagen, 1926 SW edge of Tibetan Plateau (E Kashmir to N Uttarakhand)
hodgsoniae (Hodgson, 1856) αSE edge of Tibetan Plateau (N Uttarakhand to SE Xizang)
sifanica Przevalski, 1876250 vE edge of Tibetan Plateau (N Yunnan to Gansu)
HAEMATORTYX Sharpe, 1879 M - Haematortyx sanguiniceps Sharpe, 1879; type by original designation and monotypy  251
Haematortyx sanguiniceps   Sharpe, 1879 Crimson-headed Partridge
iMountains of Borneo
GALLOPERDIX Blyth, 1845 F - Tetrao spadiceus J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by monotypy  
Galloperdix spadicea Red Spurfowl
spadicea (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vN and C India
caurina Blanford, 1898 vNW India (S Rajasthan)
stewarti E.C.S. Baker, 1919 SW India (C and S Kerala)
Galloperdix lunulata   (Valenciennes, 1825) Painted Spurfowl
vNC, C and SE India
Galloperdix bicalcarata   (J.R. Forster, 1781) Sri Lanka Spurfowl
vSri Lanka
PUCRASIA G.R. Gray, 1841 F - Satyra macrolopha Lesson, 1829; type by monotypy  
Pucrasia macrolopha Koklass Pheasant
castanea Gould, 1855 vE Afghanistan, extreme NW Pakistan
biddulphi G.F.L. Marshall, 1879252 W Himalayas (N Pakistan to W Himachal Pradesh)
macrolopha (Lesson, 1829) vW Himalayas (C Himachal Pradesh to W Nepal)
nipalensis Gould, 1855 vC Himalayas (WC Nepal)
meyeri von Madarász, 1886 E Xizang, N Yunnan, W Sichuan
ruficollis David & Oustalet, 1877 vWC Sichuan to SW Gansu and S Shaanxi
xanthospila G.R. Gray, 1864 vN Shaanxi and Shanxi to W Hebei
joretiana Heude, 1883 vSW Anhui
darwini Swinhoe, 1872 E Sichuan and Guizhou to Fujian and Zhejiang
ITHAGINIS Wagler, 1832 M - Phasianus cruentus Hardwicke, 1821; type by monotypy  
Ithaginis cruentus253 Blood Pheasant
cruentus (Hardwicke, 1821) vN Nepal, S Xizang
affinis Beebe, 1912254 vN India (Sikkim), W Bhutan, SE Xizang
tibetanus E.C.S. Baker, 1914 vE Bhutan, SE Xizang (east of affinis)
kuseri Beebe, 1912 NE India (E Arunachal Pradesh), E Xizang, NW Yunnan
marionae Mayr, 1941 W Yunnan (R. Shweli-R. Salween watershed), NE Myanmar [Stanford, 1941 #3695]
rocki Riley, 1925255 W Yunnan (watersheds between R. Salween and R. Yangtze)
clarkei Rothschild, 1920 N Yunnan (Lijiang Mts.)
geoffroyi J.P. Verreaux, 1867 E Xizang and SW Sichuan
berezowskii Bianchi, 1903256 W and N Sichuan to S Gansu
beicki Mayr & Birckhead, 1937 NE Qinghai [Birckhead, 1937 #307]
michaelis Bianchi, 1903 N Qinghai and neighbouring Gansu
sinensis David, 1873 vShaanxi

1 Sequence of genera derived Crowe et al. (2006) [Crowe, 2006 #9517], who also found that traditional subfamilies were not monophyletic; for Ptilopachus now see the Odontophoridae.
2 Within Dinesen et al. (1994) [Dinesen, 1994 #1399] (but not in conjunction with the specific name where proposed) the authors name the type species of the genus and cite the authors in a different sequence.
3 Treated as a separate species by Bowie & Fjeldså (2005) [Bowie, 2005 #9771].
4 Correct original spelling. Spelling roulroul in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] an ISS.
5 Includes Tropicoperdix; see Davison (1982) [Davison, 1982 #4370].
6 Includes tenebrarum Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
7 Includes rupchandi Koelz, 1953 [Koelz, 1953 #2249]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
8 The species A. javanica, A. campbelli, A. rolli, A. sumatrana and A. orientalis were seen as one species as recently as Davison (1982) [Davison, 1982 #4370] and split by Mees (1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638] may be regarded as allospecies.
9 Includes bartelsi; see Mees (1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638].
10 Davison in Smythies (1999) [Smythies, 1999 #3667] treated erythrophrys as a valid form endemic to Mt. Kinabalu.
11 For treatment as a separate species from R. longirostris see Davison (2000) [Davison, 2000 #1136].
12 Includes sumatranus; see Chasen (1935) [Chasen, 1935 #708].
13 Introduced to Japan (Yaeyama Is., Miyako Is.), NE and SW Australia, islands in Bass Strait, New Zealand (North Island), New Caledonia, Hawaiian Is. (Oahu, Maui, Hawaii) and Bahamas (Little Exuma).
14 For recognition see Delacour (1949) [Delacour, 1949 #1291].
15 Argusianus Rafinesque, 1815, used in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] is a nomen nudum. For correct citation see Gregory (2011) [Gregory, 2011 #13289].
16 Includes †bipunctatus; see Davison & McGowan (2009) [Davison, 2009 #12122].
17 For correct spelling (not Rheinartia) see Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] and Banks (1993) [Banks, 1993 #197].
18 Species sequence derived from Kimball et al. (2001) [Kimball, 2001 #2216] as modified by Davison et al. (2012) [Davison, 2012 #13919].
19 For change in date see Opinion 67 (I.C.Z.N., 1916) [I.C.Z.N., 1916 #6614].
20 Formerly known as Polyplectron emphanum Temminck, but this name misdated and does not have priority (Dickinson, 2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1370].
21 See Davison in Smythies (1999) [Smythies, 1999 #3667] for close relationship to P. emphanum, now P. napoleonis, and P. malacense.
22 For treatment as a separate species from P. bicalcaratum see Chang et al. (2008) [Chang Jiang, 2008 #11915] and Davison et al. (2012) [Davison, 2012 #13919].
23 Includes bailyi; see Deignan (1946) [Deignan, 1946 #1187]. Also includes bakeri and ghigii; see Penhallurick & Walters (2005) [Penhallurick, 2005 #3002].
24 This and P. inopinatum formerly treated in Chalcurus but see Chasen (1935) [Chasen, 1935 #708].
25 For acceptance of quail genera with Excalfactoria in Synoicus and sequence see Kimball et al. (2011) [Kimball, 2011 #12785].
26 For sister relationship to Coturnix see Crowe et al. (2006) [Crowe, 2006 #9517].
27 Original spelling; the subsequent spellings madagascarensis and madagascariensis are emendations.
28 For continued treatment as separate from Coturnix see Kimball et al. (2011) [Kimball, 2011 #12785], but see also Crowe et al. (2006a,b) [Crowe, 2006 #9517] [Crowe, 2006 #9810].
29 Introduced to Réunion.
30 Splitting of Coturnix follows Crowe et al. (2006) [Crowe, 2006 #9517], who found Excalfactoria paraphyletic in Coturnix with respect to Margaroperdix. Further findings are awaited on Anurophasis.
31 For proposal to treat as monotypic, except perhaps for Mascarene birds, see Puigcerver et al. (2001) [Puigcerver, 2001 #11754].
32 Includes confisa; see Cramp et al. (1980) [Cramp, 1980 #1084]. Includes ragonierii Trischitta, 1939 [Trischitta, 1939 #3880], and parisii Trischitta, 1939 [Trischitta, 1939 #3879]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
33 Introduced (ssp africana) to Réunion.
34 Introduced Mauritius.
35 Includes ussuriensis; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
36 Introduced to Hawaiian Is.
37 For treatment as a separate species from C. pectoralis see Marchant & Higgins (1993) [Marchant, 1993 #2487] and Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602].
38 Includes castaneus Mayr, 1944 [Mayr, 1944 #2552]; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
39 Includes lamonti Mayr & Gilliard, 1951 [Mayr, 1951 #2555]. Mistakenly considered a synonym of monticola by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
40 Includes cervinus and queenslandicus; see Schodde & Tidemann (1986) [Schodde, 1986 #3515].
41 Introduced to New Zealand (North Island) and Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu).
42 Includes palmeri and lineatula; see Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094].
43 Introduced to Réunion and Guam.
44 For placement of Bornean birds here see Chasen (1935) [Chasen, 1935 #708] and Smythies (1960) [Smythies, 1960 #4438]. Includes minima; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
45 The name australis Gould, 1865, is preoccupied in Synoicus by australis Latham, 1790. The name cairnsae dates from September 1912 and is a junior synonym of victoriae, which dates from January 1912.
46 For treatment as a separate species from S. chinensis, see McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592].
47 Includes tauricus Buturlin, 1933 [Buturlin, 1933 #610] (a taxon proposed with an identical name but different type and type locality); see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
48 In the title of the paper, but not in the description, called sauricus. Potapov (2007) [Potapov, 2007 #12164] selected this spelling; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
49 Introduced to W USA (mountains of NE Nevada).
50 Includes centralis; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
51 Includes orientalis; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
52 Includes caucasica; see Cramp et al. (1980) [Cramp, 1980 #1084]; but see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721] who placed it in kurdestanica.
53 The name falki replaces kakelik Falk, 1786, considered indeterminate by Hartert (1921) [Hartert, 1921 #1908].
54 Includes obscurata; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967] and Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
55 Includes fallax; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
56 Introduced to Oman, United Arab Emirates, South Africa (Robben I.), St. Helena I., New Zealand (South Island), Hawaiian Is., SW Canada (SC British Columbia) and W USA (E Washington to Montana, south to California and W Colorado).
57 Includes ordoscensis Zhang et al. (1989) [Zhang Yin-sun, 1989 #4294]; see Zheng (2005) [Zheng Guang-mei, 2005 #12282].
58 For correct date see Evenhuis (2003) [Evenhuis, 2003 #10726].
59 Introduced to Gibraltar and Sardinia.
60 Introduced to United Kingdom, Madeira, Azores and Canary Is. (Gran Canaria). The latter population suggested to be australis but see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
61 Includes callipygia Stegmann, 1938 [Stegmann, 1938 #3704]; see Marien (1951) [Marien, 1951 #6922].
62 Treated as monotypic following Cramp et al. (1980) [Cramp, 1980 #1084]; includes peraticus Koelz, 1950 [Koelz, 1950 #2245].
63 Introduced to Réunion.
64 For recognition see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
65 For treatment of Whistler as sole author see Pittie & Dickinson (2010) [Pittie, 2010 #12619].
66 Polytypic treatment follows Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
67 Correct original spelling. Spelling salimali in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
68 Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] used the genus Cryptoplectron for this species and manipurensis; Ripley (1961) [Ripley, 1961 #3310] synonymized this.
69 For circumscription of Pternistis and its subgenera see Crowe et al. (1992) [Crowe, 1992 #12127].
70 Includes ovambensis, bradfieldi and crypticus Stresemann, 1939 [Stresemann, 1939 #3763]; see R.M. Little in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
71 Includes adamauae; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191]. Includes thornei; see Crowe, Keith and Brown in Urban et al. (1986) [Urban, 1986 #3898].
72 Includes molunduensis Grote, 1948 [Grote, 1948 #1833]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
73 Includes dybowskii and ugandensis; see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098] and McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592].
74 For recognition see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191]. Original spelling königseggi. German origin. Here emended as required.
75 Includes testis thought, based on the type locality, to be within the range of this subspecies, although placed in sharpii by Mackworth-Praed & Grant (1957) [Mackworth-Praed, 1957 #2465].
76 Includes cavei Macdonald, 1940 [Macdonald, 1940 #2460]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
77 Includes kalahari; see Clancey (1996) [Clancey, 1996 #970].
78 Forms a superspecies with P. hildebrandti; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
79 Includes thamnobium Clancey, 1953 [Clancey, 1953 #786]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
80 Includes helleri and fischeri; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
81 Includes grotei; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
82 Forms a superspecies with P. squamatus; see Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993) [Dowsett, 1993 #13856]; sometimes also considered to include P. griseostriatus (e.g. by Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
83 For recognition see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
84 Includes whitei Schouteden, 1954 [Schouteden, 1954 #3529], a new name for confusus Schouteden, 1954 [Schouteden, 1954 #3528]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
85 Includes zappeyi and tetraoninus; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
86 Includes chyuluensis van Someren, 1939 [van Someren, 1939 #3941]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
87 For monotypic treatment see McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592]; includes muhamedbenabdullah, holtemulleri, keniensis, tokora and oldowai van Someren, 1939 [van Someren, 1939 #3941], placed in infuscatus by White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191] (also included here).
88 Includes punctulatus, boehmi, benguellensis, intercedens, nyanzae and itigi, and also tornowi Meise, 1933 [Meise, 1933 #2647], mackenziei White, 1945 [White, 1945 #4170], manueli White, 1945 [White, 1945 #4170], and camabatelae Meise, 1958 [Meise, 1958 #2649]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
89 The name angolensis is a rejected name; see Opinion 1036 (I.C.Z.N., 1975) [I.C.Z.N., 1975 #9650].
90 Includes tertius Meise, 1933 [Meise, 1933 #2647], and aylwinae White, 1947 [White, 1947 #4171]; see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098] and White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
91 Includes chio Meise, 1958 [Meise, 1958 #2649], and palliditectus White, 1958 [White, 1958 #4177]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
92 Includes humboldtii; see Little in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
93 Includes notatus Roberts, 1924 [Roberts, 1924 #3357] and lehmanni; see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
94 The name cooperi Roberts, 1947 [Roberts, 1947 #3360] was applied to a hybrid of this species and P. afer; see Irwin (1981) [Irwin, 1981 #2080].
95 Now generally treated as monotypic; e.g. by White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191]; includes gurae, pollenorum R. Meinertzhagen, 1937 [Meinertzhagen, 1937 #2642], and presumably patriciae Ripley & Bond, 1971 [Ripley, 1971 #3325].
96 Considered by Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993) [Dowsett, 1993 #13856] to form a superspecies with P. nobilis and P. camerunensis, but see also McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592].
97 For treatment as monotypic see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191]; includes chapini Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 [Grant, 1934 #1754] and ruandae van Saceghem, 1942 [van Saceghem, 1942 #3939].
98 Includes cruzi Themido, 1937 [Themido, 1937 #3824]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
99 Includes bottegi and gofanus; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
100 Includes patrizii Toschi, 1958 [Toschi, 1958 #3856]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
101 For treatment as subspecies of P. castaneicollis see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
102 Forms a superspecies with P. ochropectus; see Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993) [Dowsett, 1993 #13856].
103 Introduced to Hawaiian Is.
104 For restriction of Francolinus to the five species included here see Crowe et al. (1992) [Crowe, 1992 #12127].
105 For subspecies revision see Forcina et al. (2012) [Forcina, 2012 #14053].
106 Includes †billypayni R. Meinertzhagen, 1933 [Meinertzhagen, 1933 #2641]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
107 Introduced to Guam and Hawaiian Is. (Kauai, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii).
108 Includes festinus Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
109 Includes parkerae Van Tyne & Koelz, 1936 [Van Tyne, 1936 #3947]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
110 See Wheeler (1998) [Wheeler, 1998 #4155] for publication date.
111 Includes prepositus Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250], paganus Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250], and titar Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
112 Includes ceylonensis Whistler, 1941 [Whistler, 1941 #4160]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
113 Introduced to Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Seychelles, Réunion, Mauritius and Hawaiian Is.
114 Includes ridibundus Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
115 Treated as monotypic subgenus by Crowe et al. (1992) [Crowe, 1992 #12127], but elevated by Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
116 Includes somaliensis Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 [Grant, 1934 #1755]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
117 Includes schoanus; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
118 For treatment as subspecies of D. sephaena, see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191] and Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
119 Implicitly includes jubaensis; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
120 Includes thompsoni and chobiensis; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
121 Includes zuluensis; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
122 Forms a superspecies with P. albogularis and P. schlegelii; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
123 Includes thikae Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 [Grant, 1934 #1753]; see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
124 Includes ruandae, campbelli, lynesi and kasaicus White, 1945 [White, 1945 #4168]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191] and Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
125 Includes bourquii Monard, 1934 [Monard, 1934 #2702]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
126 For continued recognition see Hall (1963) [Hall, 1963 #14241].
127 Includes hoeschianus Stresemann, 1937 [Stresemann, 1937 #3761]; see Dickinson Appendix 2.2.
128 Includes gambagae; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
129 Includes confusus Neumann, 1933 [Neumann, 1933 #2760]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
130 For treatment as a separate species from P. coqui see Hall (1963) [Hall, 1963 #14241].
131 For circumscription of Scleroptila, see Crowe et al. (1992) [Crowe, 1992 #12127].
132 For recognition see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725].
133 Nom nov. for benguellensis Neumann, 1908, the name used by Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007].
134 Correct original spelling. Spelling levaillanti in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
135 Forms a superspecies with S. streptophora, S. levaillantii and S. finschi; see McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592].
136 Includes proximus Clancey, 1957 [Clancey, 1957 #791]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
137 In broadly defined Francolinus the name afer Latham, 1790, is preoccupied by afer Statius Muller, 1776, and the present taxon took the junior name Francolinus africanus Stephens, 1819. Following changes to genera proposed by Crowe et al. (2006) [Crowe, 2006 #9517], the name reverts that that used in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007].
138 For treatment as separate species from what is now S. afra see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
139 For transfer from S. shelleyi, see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191]; theresae R. Meinertzhagen, 1937 [Meinertzhagen, 1937 #2642], is a synonym (Crowe et al. 1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
140 For treatment as a subspecies of S. shelleyi see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
141 Includes trothae and sequestris Clancey, 1960 [Clancey, 1960 #801]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
142 Includes canidorsalis Lawson, 1963 [Lawson, 1963 #2343]; see R.M. Little in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
143 In Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #2998] levaillantoides was mistakenly used as the specific name, but gutturalis has priority. The northern subspecies gutturalis, lorti and archeri were treated by Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] under F. africanus, but are placed here following White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
144 Includes eritreae; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
145 Includes friedmanni Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1934 [Grant, 1934 #1752], and stantoni Cave, 1940 [Cave, 1940 #681]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
146 White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191] placed stresemanni Hoesch & Niethammer, 1940 [Hoesch, 1940 #1981] in cunenensis, which is now included herein; see Crowe et al. (1986) [Crowe, 1986 #1098].
147 Includes wattii Macdonald, 1953 [Macdonald, 1953 #2462]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
148 The belated uptake of this name, taking precedence over gariepensis, is discussed in Macdonald (1953) [Macdonald, 1953 #2462]. Includes ludwigi, langi and kalaharica; see Little in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
149 Correct original spelling. No internal evidence permitting emendation.
150 Includes rincheni Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
151 Introduced to Japan (Honshu, Sadoga-shima, Shikoku, Kyushu, Tsushima, Izu Is., Iwo Is.).
152 Includes gallina Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
153 For recognition see Delacour (1948) [Delacour, 1948 #6100].
154 Introduced in the Philippines (sometimes recognised as philippensis Hachisuka, 1939 [Hachisuka, 1939 #1853]) and Micronesia (named micronesiae Hachisuka, 1939 [Hachisuka, 1939 #1853]). Also introduced to Réunion, St. Helena I., Cocos Is., Christmas I., Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Timor, Wetar), Sulawesi, Great Barrier Reef Is., Norfolk I., New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Santa Cruz Is. (Ndeni, Utupua), Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Niue, Tuvalu and Dominican Republic.
155 Includes wangyeli Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
156 Includes xanthimaculatus Deraniyagala, 1955 [Deraniyagala, 1955 #4372]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
157 Original spelling lafayetii. Here emended based on 'Coq Lafayette' in original.
158 Introduced to Cocos Is.
159 Includes rupchandi Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
160 Implicitly includes tonkinensis; see Delacour (1951) [Delacour, 1951 #1292] and Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
161 At that time Cheng Tso-hsin spelled his name Zheng Zuoxin.
162 For sister relationship to Lophophorus see Zhao et al. (2012) [Zhao Senlin, 2012 #13640].
163 Correct original spelling. Spelling soemmerringi in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
164 Introduced to N and C France and E Czech Republic.
165 Includes lorenzi; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
166 Introduced to Europe (thus includes birds from the Balkans named as europaeus Hachisuka, 1937 [Hachisuka, 1937 #1851]), Algeria, Morocco, Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Tsushima, Ryukyu Is.and other islands), Australia (Victoria, Rottnest I. and islands in Bass Strait), New Zealand (North Island, N South Island), New Caledonia, Hawaiian Is. (Hawaii, Lanai, Maui), Canada, W, C and NE USA and Cuba.
167 Includes komarowii; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
168 Includes gordius; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
169 Includes michailowskii and jabae; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769]. The spelling michailowski used by Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] contradicted by Ivanov (1972: 47, 175; see entry 860) [Ivanov, 1972 #14166], who provided a full citation.
170 Includes bergii; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
171 Includes semitorquatus; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
172 Correct original spelling. Spelling sohokotensis in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
173 Includes hemptinnii; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
174 Weakly differentiated from torquatus; see Collar (2004) [Collar, 2004 #1017].
175 Sometimes treated as conspecific with P. colchicus, e.g. see Orn. Soc. Japan (2000) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875], which is followed for subspecies classification.
176 Includes kigis Taka-Tsukasa, 1944 [Taka-Tsukasa, 1944 #3800]; see Morioka et al. (2005) [Morioka, 2005 #7217].
177 Includes kiusiuensis; see Morioka et al. (2005) [Morioka, 2005 #7217].
178 For treatment as separate species from C. crossoptilon see Li Xiujuan (2010) [Li Xiujuan, 2010 #12389].
179 Includes Gennaeus, Hierophasis, Houppifer, Diardigallus and Lobiophasis; see Delacour (1949) [Delacour, 1949 #6103]. See Randi et al. (2001) [Randi, 2001 #3203] for relationships within this genus.
180 Lophura imperialis is considered a hybrid; see Hennache et al. (2003) [Hennache, 2003 #1948].
181 Subspecies classification follows McGowan & Panchen (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2594].
182 Introduced to Hawaiian Is. (Hawaii).
183 Subspecies classification follows McGowan & Panchen (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2594], who considered diagnosability of some subspecies questionable.
184 This name, not in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007], reintroduced by Deignan (1943) [Deignan, 1943 #1179].
185 Includes L. hatinhensis; see Hennache et al. (2012) [Hennache, 2012 #13903].
186 Treated as separate from inornata in van Marle & Voous (1988) [van Marle, 1988 #3920], when only female known. The male has since been discovered (Sözer et al. 2006) [Sözer, 2006 #13634].
187 Includes sumatranus Dubois, 1879; following restoration of prior name by Delacour (1949) [Delacour, 1949 #6103].
188 For recognition see Delacour (1949) [Delacour, 1949 #6103].
189 Sequence and genera recognised based on Drovetski (2002) [Drovetski, 2002 #1427]; see also Gutiérrez et al. (2000) [Gutiérrez, 2000 #1839] and Lucchini et al. (2001) [Lucchini, 2001 #2455].
190 Not recognised by A.O.U. (1957) [A.O.U., 1957 #7] but see Hardy & Webber (1975) [Hardy, 1975 #14275].
191 Introduced to Australia (Tasmania and islands in Bass Strait), New Zealand, New Caledonia and Hawaiian Is.
192 Formerly placed in monotypic genus Agriocharis but see Steadman (1980) [Steadman, 1980 #13909].
193 Except as noted, subspecies classification follows Rusch et al. (2000) [Rusch, 2000 #13127] but see caveats therein.
194 For continued recognition see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
195 Includes affinis Aldrich & Friedmann, 1943 [Aldrich, 1943 #40]; see A.O.U. (1957) [A.O.U., 1957 #7]. For continued recognition, see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
196 Correct original spelling. Invariable. Spelling phaia in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] incorrect.
197 Included in nominate umbellus by A.O.U. (1957) [A.O.U., 1957 #7].
198 For recognition see Hubbard & Banks (1970) [Hubbard, 1970 #13908].
199 Subspecies classification follows Bauer (1960) [Bauer, 1960 #238] and Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
200 Includes horicei Hachler, 1950 [Hachler, 1950 #1862]; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721]. Includes carpathicus Keve, 1948 [Keve, 1948 #2209]; see Bauer (1960) [Bauer, 1960 #238].
201 Includes volgensis; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
202 Correct original spelling. Invariable. Spelling griseonotus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] incorrect.
203 Includes hibernica; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
204 Correct original spelling. Spelling sserebrowskii in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
205 For continued recognition and inclusion of muriei Gabrielson & Lincoln, 1949 [Gabrielson, 1949 #1642], see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
206 Perhaps not diagnosable from alba; see Todd (1963) [Todd, 1963 #13945].
207 Has priority over capta Peters, 1934 [Peters, 1934 #3007].
208 Possibly preoccupied by the name dispar; see Mlíkovsky (2012) [Mlíkovsky, 2012 #14127] but authorship not certainly established and perhaps a nomen oblitum. See Appendix 2.5.
209 The emendation to reinhardti is not supported by the internal information.
210 For correct date of publication see Tyrberg (1998) [Tyrberg, 1998 #3893].
211 Includes komensis, transbaicalica and barguzinensis Buturlin, 1935 [Buturlin, 1935 #615], and krascheninnikowi Potapov, 1985 [Potapov, 1985 #3113]; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
212 For continued recognition see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
213 Includes gabrielsoni Murie, 1944 [Murie, 1944 #2744]; see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
214 Includes sanfordi and chamberlaini; see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
215 Includes kelloggae Gabrielson, 1951 [Gabrielson, 1951 #1643]; see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
216 For continued recognition see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
217 Most or all subspecies doubtfully diagnosable (de Juana 1994) [de Juana, 1994 #1139].
218 For treatment as a separate species from D. obscurus, see Brooks (1926) [Brooks, 1926 #13907], Drovetski (2002) [Drovetski, 2002 #1427] and Barrowclough et al. (2004) [Barrowclough, 2004 #222].
219 For correct citation see Banks & Browning (1979) [Banks, 1979 #190].
220 For inclusion of Canachites see Drovetski (2002) [Drovetski, 2002 #1427] but see also Kimball et al. (2011) [Kimball, 2011 #12785].
221 Formerly (e.g., Peters 1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] placed in monotypic genus Canachites.
222 Subspecies group designations follow Dickerman & Gustafson (1996) [Dickerman, 1996 #1350].
223 Introduced to Newfoundland.
224 Replaces major based on Tetrao major Brehm; preoccupied by Tetrao major Gmelin, the basis for Tinamus major. Includes rudolfi Dombrowski, 1912 [Dombrowski, 1912 #4373]; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
225 Presumably includes hiomanus Loudon, 1951 [Loudon, 1951 #12144], the type locality of which is probably in the Baltic states. We have been unable to obtain a copy of the original description.
226 Includes grisescens; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
227 May date from 1887 as given by Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769], but he cited volume 57, which is incorrect.
228 Includes parvirostris; see Mlíkovsky (2012) [Mlíkovsky, 2012 #14051].
229 Includes turensis, janensis, kolymensis and macrurus; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769]. Includes stegmanni Potapov, 1985 [Potapov, 1985 #3113]; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
230 Correct original spelling. Spelling kamschaticus in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
231 For retention of Lyrurus see Potapov (2005) [Potapov, 2005 #12073] but see also Drovetski (2003) [Drovetski, 2003 #1428].
232 Includes tschusii; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
233 Includes phaios Aldrich, 1946 [Aldrich, 1946 #4344]; see de Juana (1994) [de Juana, 1994 #1139].
234 For recognition see Banks (2000) [Banks, 2000 #10]; however, the authors mentioned therein (Bradbury & Vehrencamp, 1998) [Bradbury, 1998 #465] did not write for the purpose defined in Art. 8.1.1. (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N, 1999 #2059].
235 Formerly (e.g., Peters 1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] placed in monotypic genus Pedioecetes.
236 For continued recognition see Gibson & Kessel (1997) [Gibson, 1997 #13862].
237 For recognition see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
238 Correct original spelling. Spelling kennicottii in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
239 Includes campisylvicola Snyder, 1935 [Snyder, 1935 #13991]; see Snyder (1939) [Snyder, 1939 #13996]. This name evidently has been overlooked in all subsequent literature.
240 Forms a superspecies with T. pallidicinctus; see A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9]; they were treated as conspecific by Johnsgard (1983) [Johnsgard, 1983 #13977].
241 For correct citation see Banks & Browning (1979) [Banks, 1979 #190].
242 Includes hilgerti O. Kleinschmidt, 1938 [Kleinschmidt, 1938 #13990], and borkumensis Harrison, 1952 [Harrison, 1952 #1897] nom. nov. for pallida Harrison, 1952 [Harrison, 1952 #1898]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
243 Introduced to SC Canada to NW and C USA.
244 Includes furvescens; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
245 Includes arenicola; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
246 Called Perdix barbata J. Verreaux & Des Murs, 1863, in Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007].
247 Spelling used by McGowan (1994) [McGowan, 1994 #2592] correct; the original spelling dauuricae (see Vaurie 1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967] is in the genitive case and is necessarily corrected.
248 Includes turcomana; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
249 Includes przewalskii and castaneothorax Hachisuka & Taka-Tsukasa, 1939 [Hachisuka, 1939 #1856]; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
250 Includes koslowi; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
251 For weakly supported molecular findings see Crowe et al. (2006) [Crowe, 2006 #9810].
252 Includes bethelae Fleming, 1947 [Fleming, 1947 #1572]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967] and Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
253 Treatment follows Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967] except that affinis is retained; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739] but see also Yang et al. (1994) [Yang Lan, 1994 #4282].
254 For recognition see Ripley (1961) [Ripley, 1961 #3310].
255 Includes holoptilus Greenway, 1933 [Greenway, 1933 #1806]; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
256 Includes annae Mayr & Birckhead, 1937 [Birckhead, 1937 #307]; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
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