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RHINOCRYPTIDAE - Tapaculos1,2,3 (12:57)
RHINOCRYPTINAE
PTEROPTOCHOS von Kittlitz, 1830 M - Pteroptochos megapodius von Kittlitz, 1830; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 19).  
Pteroptochos castaneus 4  R.A. Philippi, Sr. & Landbeck, 1864 Chestnut-throated Huet-huet
vC Chile (Santiago to Bíobío), W Argentina (W Neuquén)
Pteroptochos tarnii 5  (P.P. King, 1831) Black-throated Huet-huet
iS Chile (Bíobío to N Magallanes), W Argentina (W Neuquén to W Santa Cruz)
Pteroptochos megapodius Moustached Turca
atacamae R.A. Philippi-B., 1946 N Chile (Atacama)
megapodius von Kittlitz, 1830 vC Chile (Coquimbo to Bíobío)
SCELORCHILUS Oberholser, 1923 M - Pteroptochus rubecula von Kittlitz, 1830; type by original designation  
Scelorchilus albicollis White-throated Tapaculo
atacamae Hellmayr, 1924 N Chile (Antofagasta to Coquimbo)
albicollis (von Kittlitz, 1830) vC Chile (Coquimbo to Santiago)
Scelorchilus rubecula Chucao Tapaculo
rubecula (von Kittlitz, 1830) C and S Chile (Santiago to Aisén), W Argentina (W Neuquén to NW Santa Cruz)
mochae Chapman, 1934 Isla Mocha, off S Chile
LIOSCELES P.L. Sclater, 1865 M - Pteroptochus thoracicus P.L. Sclater, 1865; type by monotypy  
Liosceles thoracicus Rusty-belted Tapaculo
dugandi Meyer de Schauensee, 19506 SE Colombia and adjacent W Brazil (R. Amazon)
erithacus P.L. Sclater, 1890 E Ecuador to E Peru (S Loreto)
thoracicus (P.L. Sclater, 1865) vSW and S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Tapajós), SE Peru
PSILORHAMPHUS P.L. Sclater, 1855 M - Leptorhynchus guttatus Ménétries, 1835; type by monotypy  7
Psilorhamphus guttatus   (Ménétries, 1835) Spotted Bamboowren
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais, W Espírito Santo to NE Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina, SE Paraguay
ACROPTERNIS Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 M - Merulaxis orthonyx Lafresnaye, 1843; type by monotypy  
Acropternis orthonyx Ocellated Tapaculo
orthonyx (Lafresnaye, 1843) W Venezuela (Andes from Trujillo to Táchira), E Colombia
infuscatus Salvadori & Festa, 18998 vAndes of Ecuador (Chimborazo), NW Peru (S Amazonas)
RHINOCRYPTA G.R. Gray, 1841 F - Rhinomya lanceolata I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832; type by original designation  
Rhinocrypta lanceolata Crested Gallito
saturata Brodkorb, 1939 vSE Bolivia (S Santa Cruz), W Paraguay
lanceolata (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832) vN and C Argentina (to N Río Negro, SW Buenos Aires)
TELEDROMAS Wetmore & J.L. Peters, 1922 M - Rhinocrypta fusca P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873; type by original designation  
Teledromas fuscus   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873) Sandy Gallito
vN and C Argentina (Andean slopes from SW Salta to Río Negro)
SCYTALOPODINAE99
ELEOSCYTALOPUS Maurício et al., 2008 M - Myiothera indigotica zu Wied, 1831; type by original designation10
Eleoscytalopus psychopompus 11  (Teixeira & Carnevalli, 1989) Bahia Tapaculo
E Brazil (coastal C Bahia) [Teixeira, 1989 #3814]
Eleoscytalopus indigoticus 12  (zu Wied, 1831) White-breasted Tapaculo
vSE Brazil (E Bahia to NE Rio Grande do Sul)
MERULAXIS Lesson, 1831 M - Merulaxis ater Lesson, 1831; type by monotypy  13
Merulaxis ater 14  Lesson, 1831 Slaty Bristlefront
vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to E Paraná, E Santa Catarina)
Merulaxis stresemanni   Sick, 1960 Stresemann's Bristlefront
iE Brazil (C Bahia to NE Minas Gerais) [Sick, 1960 #3641]
MYORNIS Chapman, 1915 M - Merulaxis senilis Lafresnaye, 1840; type by original designation  15
Myornis senilis   (Lafresnaye, 1840) Ash-colored Tapaculo
vW Venezuela, Colombia (E and C Andes) to Peru (N Pasco)
EUGRALLA Lesson, 1842 F - Troglodytes paradoxus von Kittlitz, 1830; type by subsequent designation (J.L. Peters, 1951, Check-list of Birds of the World, 7, p. 288).  
Eugralla paradoxa   (von Kittlitz, 1830) Ochre-flanked Tapaculo
vSC Chile (Maule to Los Lagos, incl. Isla Mocha), W Argentina (SW Río Negro)
SCYTALOPUS Gould, 1837 M - Motacilla magellanica J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 19).  16
Scytalopus latrans17 Blackish Tapaculo
latrans Hellmayr, 1924 W Venezuela (Andes of Mérida to Táchira), Colombia to N Peru (E slope of Andes, north of R. Marañón)
subcinereus J.T. Zimmer, 193918 vPacific slope of Andes from SW Ecuador (Azuay) to NW Peru (Cajamarca, also E slope of W Andes)
intermedius J.T. Zimmer, 1939 vNC Peru (E slope of Andes south of R. Marañón in S Amazonas)
Scytalopus gettyae 19  Hosner, Robbins, Valqui & Peterson, 2013 Junin Tapaculo
Andes of C Peru (Junín) [Hosner, 2013 #14866]
Scytalopus unicolor   Salvin, 1895 Unicolored Tapaculo
iNW Peru (E slope of W Andes in S Cajamarca, La Libertad)
Scytalopus parvirostris 20  J.T. Zimmer, 1939 Trilling Tapaculo
vE slope of Andes from NW Peru (Amazonas) to EC Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Scytalopus speluncae 21,22  (Ménétries, 1835) Ménétries's Tapaculo
iE Brazil (C and S Minas Gerais)
Scytalopus diamantinensis   Bornschein, Maurício, Belmonte-Lopes, Mata & Bonatto, 2007 Diamantina Tapaculo
vNE Brazil (Bahia) [Bornschein, 2007 #9573]
Scytalopus novacapitalis 23  Sick, 1958 Brasilia Tapaculo
vS Brazil (S Goiás, W Minas Gerais) [Sick, 1958 #3639]
Scytalopus pachecoi 24  Maurício, 2005 Planalto Tapaculo
iSE Brazil (W Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul) [Mauricio, 2005 #9970]25
Scytalopus notorius 26  M.A. Raposo, Stopiglia, Loskot & Kirwan, 2006 Mouse-colored Tapaculo
vS Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), E Misiones (NE Argentina) [Raposo, 2006 #10038]
Scytalopus iraiensis   Bornschein, Reinert & Pichorim, 1998 Marsh Tapaculo
vSE Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul) [Bornschein, 1998 #442]
Scytalopus macropus   von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 Large-footed Tapaculo
iC Peru (E slope of Andes from S Amazonas to Junín)
Scytalopus sanctaemartae 27  Chapman, 1915 Santa Marta Tapaculo
iN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
Scytalopus micropterus 28  (P.L. Sclater, 1858) Long-tailed Tapaculo
vE slope of Andes from N Colombia (Cundinamarca) to N Peru (Cajamarca)
Scytalopus femoralis   (von Tschudi, 1844) Rufous-vented Tapaculo
vE Peru (E slope of Andes from S Amazonas to Junín)
Scytalopus atratus29 White-crowned Tapaculo
nigricans W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1953 W Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá; Andes of S Táchira) [Phelps, 1953 #3037]
confusus J.T. Zimmer, 1939 vE Colombia (C Andes and E slope of W Andes)
atratus Hellmayr, 1922 vE Andes of Colombia, E Ecuador and C Andes of Peru (S Amazonas to Cuzco)
Scytalopus bolivianus 30  J.A. Allen, 1889 Bolivian Tapaculo
vE slope of Andes from SE Peru (N Puno) to S Bolivia (Chuquisaca)
Scytalopus argentifrons Silvery-fronted Tapaculo
argentifrons Ridgway, 1891 Costa Rica, W Panama (Chiriquí)
chiriquensis Griscom, 192431 vW Panama (E Chiriquí, E Veraguas)
Scytalopus panamensis   Chapman, 1915 Tacarcuna Tapaculo
vPanama/Colombia border (Cerros Tacarcuna, Malí)
Scytalopus chocoensis   Krabbe & Schulenberg, 1997 Chocó Tapaculo
vE Panama (E Darién), W slope of W Andes of W Colombia, NW Ecuador [Krabbe, 1997 #2275]
Scytalopus rodriguezi Upper Magdalena Tapaculo
rodriguezi Krabbe et al., 2005 SW Colombia (E slope of C Andes in Huila) [Krabbe, 2005 #9409]
yariguiorum Donegan, Avendaño & F.R. Lambert, 2013 C Colombia (Serranía de los Yariguíes in Santander) [Donegan, 2013 #15432]
Scytalopus stilesi   Cuervo, Cadena, Krabbe & Renjifo, 2005 Stiles's Tapaculo
iWC Colombia (C Andes in Antioquia to Risaralda) [Cuervo, 2005 #9811]
Scytalopus robbinsi   Krabbe & Schulenberg, 1997 Ecuadorian Tapaculo/Oro Tapaculo
iSW Ecuador (Pacific slope of Azuay, El Oro) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275]
Scytalopus vicinior 32  J.T. Zimmer, 1939 Nariño Tapaculo
vPacific slope from Colombia (Risaralda) to C Ecuador (W Cotopaxi)
Scytalopus latebricola   Bangs, 1899 Brown-rumped Tapaculo
iN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
Scytalopus meridanus33,34,35 Merida Tapaculo
fuscicauda Hellmayr, 192236 W Venezuela (Andes of Lara, Trujillo)
meridanus Hellmayr, 1922 vW Venezuela (Andes of Mérida, Táchira)
Scytalopus caracae 37  Hellmayr, 1922 Caracas Tapaculo
iCoastal mountains of N Venezuela (from Aragua to Sucre)
Scytalopus spillmanni 38,39  Stresemann, 1937 Spillmann's Tapaculo
iC Andes of Colombia (Antioquia) to Ecuador (to NE Azuay)
Scytalopus parkeri   Krabbe & Schulenberg, 1997 Chusquea Tapaculo
iE slope of Andes in S Ecuador (SW Morona-Santiago) to N Peru (E Piura, N Cajamarca) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275]
Scytalopus magellanicus   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Magellanic Tapaculo
vC Chile (Valparaíso), W Argentina (Neuquén) to Tierra del Fuego
Scytalopus griseicollis40 Pale-bellied Tapaculo
griseicollis (Lafresnaye, 1840)41 vE Andes of C Colombia (Norte de Santander, Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
gilesi Donegan & Avendaño, 2008 NC Colombia (Santander) [Donegan, 2008 #10988]
Scytalopus altirostris   J.T. Zimmer, 1939 Neblina Tapaculo
vE slope of Andes in Peru (S Amazonas to Huánuco)
Scytalopus affinis   J.T. Zimmer, 1939 Ancash Tapaculo
vW Andes of W Peru (S Cajamarca to Ancash)
Scytalopus urubambae   J.T. Zimmer, 1939 Vilcabamba Tapaculo
iE slope of Andes of S Peru (W Cuzco)
Scytalopus simonsi   C. Chubb, 1917 Puna Tapaculo
iE slope of Andes from SE Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Scytalopus zimmeri   J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 Zimmer's Tapaculo
iAndes from S Bolivia (W Chuquisaca) to NW Argentina (Salta)
Scytalopus acutirostris   (von Tschudi, 1844) Tschudi's Tapaculo
vE slope of Andes of C and SE Peru (E La Libertad to Junín)
Scytalopus superciliaris42 White-browed Tapaculo
santabarbarae Nores, 1986 Andes of N Argentina (Jujuy, Salta) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
superciliaris Cabanis, 188343 vAndes of NW Argentina (Tucumán to N La Rioja)
Scytalopus fuscus   Gould, 1837 Dusky Tapaculo
vC Chile (S Atacama to Bíobío)
Scytalopus canus   Chapman, 1915 Paramillo Tapaculo
vW Andes of Colombia (Antioquia)
Scytalopus opacus44 Paramo Tapaculo
opacus J.T. Zimmer, 194145 αvC Andes of Colombia (Caldas) south to C Ecuador
androstictus Krabbe & Cadena, 2010 vE slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) to N Peru (Cajamarca) [Krabbe, 2010 #12045]
Scytalopus schulenbergi   Whitney, 1994 Diademed Tapaculo
iE slope of Andes from SE Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba) [Whitney, 1994 #4196]

1 This name introduced by Wetmore (1926) [Wetmore, 1926 #15472]. It's precedence over alternative names, including the name Scytalopodidae, is discussed by Bock (1994) [Bock, 1994 #398] based on what is now Art. 40.2.1 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059]. In saying that Rhinomya was placed in synonymy with Rhinocrypta, a junior name, he could have clarified that Rhinomya Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1832, was preoccupied by Rhinomya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 [Diptera].
2 For a new circumscription of the family see Ericson et al. (2010) [Ericson, 2010 #12295]; this carved out the family Melanopareidae.
3 The recognition of two subfamilies has been proposed by Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]. Sequence of genera derived from Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813], Ericson et al. (2010) [Ericson, 2010 #12295] and Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]. For very different proposals based on anatomical evidence see Mauricio et al. (2012) [Mauricio, 2012 #14059].
4 Treated as conspecific with P. tarnii by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], but see Howell & Webb (1995) [Howell, 1995 #2019] and Chesser (1999) [Chesser, 1999 #14914] for evidence for separate recognition.
5 Forms a superspecies with P. castaneus; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
6 Doubtfully distinct; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
7 This genus appears in Peters vol. 10 on p. 456; this addendum is easily overlooked. Inclusion in this family confirmed by Ericson et al. (2010) [Ericson, 2010 #12295], who found this and Liosceles to be sister genera.
8 Doubtfully distinct; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
9 The name Scytalopodinae dates from 1846; however the younger name Rhinocryptinae Wetmore, 1926 [Wetmore, 1926 #15472], takes precedence from 1837 due to an earlier generic synonymisation; see Bock (1994) [Bock, 1994 #398], who mistakenly cited Wetmore, 1930.
10 Species formerly included in Scytalopus, but see Maurício et al. (2008) [Maurício, 2008 #11242] and Mata et al. (2009) [Mata, 2009 #11877].
11 Treatment as a subspecies of E. indigoticus suggested; see Vuilleumier et al. (1992) [Vuilleumier, 1992 #4066] and Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401]. But see Mata et al. (2009) [Mata, 2009 #11877] for genetic evidence supporting species rank.
12 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1993) [Sibley, 1993 #9208] to form a superspecies with E. psychopompus.
13 Ericson et al. (2010) [Ericson, 2010 #12295] found that this and Eleoscytalopus are sister genera.
14 Forms a superspecies with M. stresemanni; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
15 For continued recognition as a separate genus from Scytalopus; see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570], Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401] and Ericson et al. (2010) [Ericson, 2010 #12295].
16 Species limits follow Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275] as modified in Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
17 For treatment as a separate species from S. unicolor; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401] and Coopmans et al. (2001) [Coopmans, 2001 #1055].
18 May deserve species rank; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
19 Placement in sequence based on view expressed by those describing this species.
20 For treatment as a separate species from S. unicolor; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
21 Includes S. petrophilus Whitney et al. (2010) [Whitney, 2010 #12466]; see Raposo et al. (2012) [Raposo, 2012 #14041], who, based on the original evidence, validated the type locality whence just the one tapaculo species is known. However, for the view they reject see Maurício et al. (2010) [Maurício, 2010 #12431].
22 This has become a matter for a decision by I.C.Z.N. as implied by Nemésio et al. (2013) [Nemésio, 2013 #15318]; until that decision the usage of the name speluncae is dictated by its accurate type locality and precedence.
23 For sister relationship to S. pachecoi, see Mata et al. (2009) [Mata, 2009 #11877].
24 Formerly included within S. speluncae auct. (herein treated as S. notorius), but the two differ in voice and are locally sympatric; see Maurício (2005) [Maurício, 2005 #9970].
25 Perhaps NE Argentina, but specimens require re-examination.
26 For arguments that this is a synonym of S. speluncae, with which it was long identified, see Maurício (2005, 2010) [Mauricio, 2005 #9970] [Mauricio, 2010 #12431]; but see also Raposo et al. (2012) [Raposo, 2012 #14041].
27 For treatment as a separate species from S. femoralis; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
28 For treatment as a separate species from S. femoralis; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
29 For treatment as a separate species from S. femoralis, while including nigricans and confusus as subspecies; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
30 For treatment as a separate species from S. femoralis; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
31 For treatment here as a subspecies, see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
32 For treatment as a separate species from S. panamensis; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
33 Birds from the C Andes of Colombia have been referred here but their identity with this population is uncertain.
34 For treatment as a separate species from S. latebricola; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
35 Donegan & Avendaño (2008) acted as First Revisers in selecting the name meridanus and assigning it precedence over the simultaneously published name fuscicauda.
36 For treatment as a subspecies of S. meridanus and a summary of complex previous taxonomic history; see Donegan & Avendaño (2008) [Donegan, 2008 #10988].
37 For treatment of S. caracae as a separate species from S. latebricola; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
38 Forms a superspecies with S. parkeri; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
39 For treatment of S. spillmanni as a separate species from S. latebricola; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
40 For treatment of S. altirostris, S. affinis, S. acutirostris, S. urubambae, S. simonsi, S. zimmeri, S. superciliaris, S. fuscus and S. canus as separate species from S. magellanicus; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (1997) [Krabbe, 1997 #2275].
41 Includes infasciatus Chapman, 1915 [Chapman, 1915 #693]; see Donegan & Avendaño-C. (2008) [Donegan, 2008 #10988].
42 Considered to form a superspecies with S. zimmeri; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401].
43 Date 1883 correctly used in 2003; use of 1863 in 2014 was an error.
44 Placed in S. canus by Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4401]; but see Krabbe & Cadena (2010) [Krabbe, 2010 #12045].
45 Date 1939 used in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] miscopied.
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