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FORMICARIIDAE - Ant-thrushes1,2 (2:12)
FORMICARIUS Boddaert, 1783 M - Formicarius cayanensis Boddaert, 1783; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 26). = Formicarius colma Boddaert, 1783  
Formicarius colma Rufous-capped Ant-thrush
colma Boddaert, 1783 E Colombia (south of R. Vaupés), S and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
nigrifrons Gould, 1855 S Venezuela (Amazonas), E Ecuador to N Bolivia (to La Paz), SW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon to R. Madeira)
amazonicus Hellmayr, 1902 vS Amazonian Brazil (R. Madeira to N Maranhão, south to R. Jiparaná, S Mato Grosso)
ruficeps (von Spix, 1824) E and SE Brazil (Pernambuco to NE Rio Grande do Sul)
Formicarius moniliger3 Mexican Ant-thrush
moniliger P.L. Sclater, 1857 SE Mexico (from S Veracruz, N Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas) to Guatemala (except Petén)
pallidus Lawrence, 18824 vSE Mexico (E and S Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala (N Petén)
intermedius Ridgway, 1908 vE Guatemala, Belize, NW Honduras
Formicarius analis5 Black-faced Ant-thrush
1 umbrosus Ridgway, 1893 vCaribbean slope of E Honduras (Olancho) to W Panama; Pacific slope of Costa Rica (to Golfo de Nicoya)
1 hoffmanni (Cabanis, 1861) Pacific slope in SW Costa Rica (from Carara), W Panama (W Chiriquí)
1 panamensis Ridgway, 1908 vPanama (Coclé to Darién), NW Colombia
1 virescens Todd, 1915 N Colombia (W base of Santa Marta Mts.)
1 griseoventris Aveledo & Ginés, 1950 vNE Colombia, NW Venezuela (W Maracaibo basin from Sierra de Perijá to N Táchira, N Mérida) [Aveledo, 1950 #113]
1 saturatus Ridgway, 18936 vN Colombia, Venezuela (north of R. Apure, R. Orinoco from E Maracaibo basin, S slope of Andes); Trinidad
2 connectens Chapman, 1914 E Colombia (from Meta and Vaupés)
2 crissalis (Cabanis, 1861) vE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas, NE Brazil (Amapá, Pará)
2 zamorae Chapman, 19237 E Ecuador, N and NE Peru, W Brazil (north of R. Amazon to Codajás)
2 analis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) vE and SE Peru (south of R. Amazon from R. Ucayali), N Bolivia to S Amazonian Brazil (to R. Tapajós, Mato Grosso)
2 paraensis Novaes, 1957 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós to Belém, W Maranhão) [Novaes, 1957 #2785]
Formicarius rufifrons   Blake, 1957 Rufous-fronted Ant-thrush
iSE Peru (Madre de Dios, R. Urubamba in Cuzco), W Brazil (upper R. Juruá in NW Acre), NW Bolivia (R. Tahuamanu in W Pando) [Blake, 1957 #317]
Formicarius nigricapillus Black-headed Ant-thrush
nigricapillus Ridgway, 1893 Caribbean slope of Costa Rica, both slopes of Panama (to W Comarca Guna Yala)
destructus E. Hartert, 1898 vW Colombia, W Ecuador (to E Guayas, NW Azuay)
Formicarius rufipectus Rufous-breasted Ant-thrush
rufipectus Salvin, 1866 Caribbean slope of Costa Rica, both slopes in W Panama (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, Veraguas); E Panama (E Darién)
lasallei Aveledo & Ginés, 1952 NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá and SW Táchira) [Aveledo, 1952 #115]
carrikeri Chapman, 1912 W and C Andes of W Colombia, W slope of Andes of Ecuador (to El Oro, W Loja)
thoracicus Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 vE slope of Andes in E Ecuador, E Peru (to Cuzco)
CHAMAEZA Vigors, 1825 F - Chamaeza meruloides Vigors, 1825; type by monotypy  
Chamaeza campanisona8,9 Short-tailed Ant-thrush
venezuelana Menegaux & Hellmayr, 1906 vNW Venezuela (W slope of Andes from Táchira to NW Lara; E slope in SE Lara; C Falcón; mountains of Yaracuy, from Carabobo to Miranda)
yavii W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1947 SC Venezuela (Cerro Yaví in N Amazonas)
huachamacarii W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1951 S Venezuela (Cerro Huachamacari in NC Amazonas) [Phelps, 1951 #3033]
obscura J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1944 vSE Venezuela (Bolívar except Mt. Roraima; Cerro Calentura, Serranía de la Neblina in S Amazonas)
fulvescens Salvin & Godman, 1882 E Venezuela (Mt. Roraima), W Guyana
columbiana von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 189610 δvE slope of E Andes in E Colombia
punctigula Chapman, 1924 E slope of Andes in E Ecuador, N Peru (north of R. Marañón)
olivacea von Tschudi, 1844 vC Peru (Junín)
berlepschi Stolzmann, 1926 SE Peru (Cuzco); W Bolivia (W La Paz)
boliviana Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1912 vBolivia (La Paz to Santa Cruz)
campanisona (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) vE and SE Brazil (Serra do Baturité in Ceará; Quebrangulo in Alagoas; S Bahia to Santa Catarina)
tshororo W. Bertoni, 190111 E Paraguay, S Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul, W Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes)
Chamaeza nobilis Striated Ant-thrush
rubida J.T. Zimmer, 1932 vSE Colombia (from S Meta), E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Huallaga); W Brazil
nobilis Gould, 1855 vE Peru (south of R. Huallaga), SW Amazonian Brazil (to R. Purus, R. Madeira), NW Bolivia (Pando)
fulvipectus Todd, 192712 S Amazonian Brazil (left bank of R. Tapajós at Santarém to R. Madeira, south to N Rondônia)
Chamaeza meruloides 13  Vigors, 1825 Such's Ant-thrush/Cryptic Ant-thrush
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia; E and S Minas Gerais, W Espírito Santo to NE Santa Catarina) [Vigors, 1825 #4446]
Chamaeza turdina14 Schwartz's Ant-thrush
turdina Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 αvC Colombia (upper Magdalena valley, middle Cauca valley)
chionogaster Hellmayr, 1906 N Venezuela (Sierra de Aroa in Yaracuy; coastal range from Carabobo to Izcaragua in N Miranda)
Chamaeza ruficauda 15  Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 α Rufous-tailed Ant-thrush
iSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais, W Espírito Santo to N Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones)
Chamaeza mollissima Barred Ant-thrush
mollissima P.L. Sclater, 1855 vColombia (upper Cauca valley, upper Magdalena valley) on E slope of Andes to N Peru (north of R. Marañón)
yungae Carriker, 1935 E slope of Andes of SE Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba in Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)

1 For extraction of the Thamnophilidae from this family see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Harshman (1994) [Harshman, 1994 #4385], Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #744] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
2 For extraction of the Grallariidae from this family, see Irestedt et al. (2002) [Irestedt, 2002 #2073], Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #744], Rice (2005a,b) [Rice, 2005 #10048], [Rice, 2005 #10049] and Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813].
3 For treatment as a separate species from F. analis, see Howell (1994) [Howell, 1994 #2017] and Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
4 Accidentally named in Furnarius but immediately emended, apparently in the same volume.
5 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
6 May comprise more than one taxon; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
7 Includes olivaceus; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
8 May consist of as many as four species; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
9 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1993) [Sibley, 1993 #9208] to form a superspecies with C. nobilis and C. meruloides.
10 The stem colomb- used in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was incorrect.
11 Perhaps not diagnosable from nominate campanisona; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
12 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Krabbe & Schulenberg (2003) [Krabbe, 2003 #4400].
13 For treatment as a separate species see Willis (1992) [Willis, 1992 #4225].
14 For treatment as a separate species from C. ruficauda, see Willis (1992) [Willis, 1992 #4225] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
15 Historically treated as conspecific with the next species, but see Willis (1992) [Willis, 1992 #4225] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
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