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FURNARIIDAE - Horneros, Foliage-gleaners and Spinetails1 (50:228)
XENOPINAE
XENOPS Illiger, 1811 M - Xenops genibarbis Illiger, 1811; type by monotypy  2,3
Xenops minutus4 Plain Xenops
mexicanus P.L. Sclater, 18575 vS Mexico (S Veracruz, N and NE Oaxaca) to Honduras
ridgwayi E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 Nicaragua to C Panama (to Panamá)
littoralis P.L. Sclater, 1862 vE Panama (Darién), N and W Colombia (to Cauca and Magdalena valleys), W Ecuador, NW Peru (Tumbes)
olivaceus Aveledo & A.R. Pons, 1952 vNE Colombia/NW Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Aveledo, 1952 #114]
neglectus Todd, 1913 vNE Colombia (to Cundinamarca), NW Venezuela (to Miranda)
remoratus J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vE Colombia (from Meta, Caquetá), SW Venezuela (SW Amazonas), NW Brazil (east to R. Negro in NW Amazonas)
ruficaudus (Vieillot, 1816) E Colombia (Vichada), S and E Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar to Paria Pen.), the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (east of R. Negro)
obsoletus J.T. Zimmer, 1924 vE Ecuador, E Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira), N Bolivia (to N Santa Cruz)
genibarbis Illiger, 1811 vC Brazil (R. Madeira to Piauí, south to S Mato Grosso, N Goiás)
alagoanus O.M. de O. Pinto, 19546 vNE Brazil (Alagoas to Paraíba) [Pinto, 1954 #3084]
minutus (Sparrman, 1788) vE and SE Brazil (Pernambuco to Santa Catarina, S Mato Grosso do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Xenops rutilus7 Streaked Xenops
septentrionalis J.T. Zimmer, 1929 vCosta Rica, W Panama (W Chiriquí)
incomptus Wetmore, 1970 vE Panama (Cerro Pirre in Darién) [Wetmore, 1970 #4152]
phelpsi Meyer de Schauensee, 1959 N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1959 #2674]
perijanus W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1954 vSierra de Perijá, Andes in NE Colombia (to Santander), W Venezuela (S Táchira) [Phelps, 1954 #3038]
heterurus Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 αvN Venezuela (east to Paria Pen.), Trinidad, E Andes from Colombia (from Cundinamarca) to NE Ecuador (to W Pastaza)
guayae Hellmayr, 1920 W Ecuador (from Esmeraldas), NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura)
peruvianus J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vAndean foothills in E Ecuador (Morona-Santiago, Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru (to Puno)
purusianus Todd, 1925 vE Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus to R. Tapajós), NE Bolivia (Pando)
connectens Chapman, 1919 Bolivia (from La Paz) to NW Argentina (to Tucumán)
chapadensis J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vN Bolivia (Beni), SW Brazil (Rondônia, Mato Grosso to C Maranhão, S Piauí, Goiás)
rutilus Temminck, 18218 vSE Brazil (from Bahia, Minas Gerais) to NC Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones, NE Corrientes)
Xenops tenuirostris Slender-billed Xenops
acutirostris Chapman, 1923 vW Guyana, S Venezuela (S Amazonas, Bolívar), N Brazil (Roraima), SE Colombia (from Caquetá and Vaupés), E Ecuador, NE Peru
hellmayri Todd, 1925 Surinam, French Guiana
tenuirostris von Pelzeln, 1859 vSE Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (east to lower R. Tapajós, R. Cururu in SW Pará), N Bolivia (Pando, NW La Paz, N Santa Cruz)
BERLEPSCHIINAE
BERLEPSCHIA Ridgway, 1887 F - Picolaptes rikeri Ridgway, 1887; type by original designation and monotypy  
Berlepschia rikeri 9  (Ridgway, 1887) α Point-tailed Palmcreeper
iS Venezuela, the Guianas, Amazonian Brazil (to S Piauí, W Bahia, south to Mato Grosso do Sul, S Goiás), SE Colombia to NW Bolivia
PYGARRHICHADINAE
MICROXENOPS Chapman, 1914 M - Microxenops milleri Chapman, 1914; type by monotypy10
Microxenops milleri   Chapman, 1914 Rufous-tailed Xenops
SE Colombia, S Venezuela, Surinam, French Guiana, Amazonian Brazil, E Ecuador, E Peru, NW Bolivia
PYGARRHICHAS Burmeister, 1837 M - Pygarrhichas ruficaudis Burmeister, 1837; type by monotypy = Dendrocolaptes albogularis P.P. King, 1831  
Pygarrhichas albogularis   (P.P. King, 1831) White-throated Treerunner
vC and S Chile (Santiago), W Argentina (W Neuquén) to Tierra del Fuego
OCHETORHYNCHUS Meyen, 1834 M - Ochetorhynchus ruficaudus Meyen, 1834; type by monotypy11
Ochetorhynchus andaecola 12  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Rock Earthcreeper
Andes of Bolivia (S La Paz to Potosí), NE Chile (W Antofagasta), NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, N Catamarca)
Ochetorhynchus melanurus13 Crag Chilia
atacamae (Hellmayr, 1925) Andes of NC Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo)
melanurus (G.R. Gray, 1846) vAndes of C Chile (Valparaíso to O'Higgins)
Ochetorhynchus ruficaudus Straight-billed Earthcreeper
montanus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) vAndes of S Peru (from Arequipa), Bolivia (La Paz to Potosí), N Chile (Tarapacá, ? E Antofagasta), N Argentina (Jujuy to Catamarca)
famatinae (Nores, 1986) NW Argentina (Sierra de Famatina in La Rioja) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
ruficaudus Meyen, 1834 Andes of W Argentina (San Juan to W Chubut), Chile (Tarapacá to Santiago)
Ochetorhynchus phoenicurus 14  (Gould, 1839) Band-tailed Earthcreeper
vSW Argentina (Neuquén, Río Negro to Santa Cruz), S Chile (NE Magallanes)
FURNARIINAE
PSEUDOCOLAPTES Reichenbach, 1853 M - Anabates auritus von Tschudi, 1844; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 28).  
Pseudocolaptes lawrencii Buffy Tuftedcheek
1 lawrencii Ridgway, 187815 Costa Rica to C Panama (to E Veraguas)
2 johnsoni Lönnberg & Rendahl, 192216 W slope of W Andes in Colombia (from Risaralda), W Ecuador (Pichincha, ?Chimborazo, Azuay, El Oro)
Pseudocolaptes boissonneauii17 Streaked Tuftedcheek
meridae E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 Sierra de Perijá, Andes in NW Venezuela (Trujillo, Mérida, Táchira), NE Colombia (E range to Boyacá)
striaticeps Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1912 N Venezuela (Yaracuy, Carabobo to Miranda, Distrito Federal)
boissonneauii (Lafresnaye, 1840)18 δAndes of Colombia (W and C ranges, E range from Cundinamarca)
orientalis J.T. Zimmer, 193519 vAndes of Ecuador [Cory, 1912 #4369]
intermedianus Chapman, 192320 vW slope of Andes in SW Ecuador (Loja) and NW Peru (Piura, NW Cajamarca)
medianus Hellmayr, 191921 vE slope of Andes in N Peru (S Cajamarca and Amazonas to San Martín)
auritus (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes in C Peru (La Libertad to N Puno)
carabayae J.T. Zimmer, 1936 Andes from S Peru (S Puno) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
PREMNORNIS Ridgway, 1909 M - Margarornis guttata Lawrence, 1867; type by original designation and monotypy = Thripophaga guttuligera P.L. Sclater, 1864  22
Premnornis guttuliger Rusty-winged Barbtail
venezuelanus W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1956 δvNW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá, Andes of SW Táchira) [Phelps, 1956 #3042]
guttuliger (P.L. Sclater, 1864) δvAndes of Colombia, NW and E Ecuador, E Peru (S to Puno)
TARPHONOMUS Chesser & Brumfield, 2007 M - Anabates certhioides d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838; type by original designation23
Tarphonomus harterti 24  (von Berlepsch, 1892) Bolivian Earthcreeper
Andes of Bolivia (S La Paz to W Tarija)
Tarphonomus certhioides25,26 Chaco Earthcreeper
luscinia (Burmeister, 1860) W Argentina (San Juan, La Rioja, W Córdoba to Mendoza, N San Luis)
estebani (Wetmore & J.L. Peters, 1949) SC Bolivia (S Santa Cruz), N Argentina (Jujuy, Catamarca to Chaco, south to Córdoba), W Paraguay
certhioides (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) NE Argentina (E Formosa, C Corrientes to E Río Negro, SW Buenos Aires)
FURNARIUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Fourmillier Buffon; type by monotypy = Merops rufus J.F. Gmelin, 1788  27
Furnarius torridus 28  P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866 Pale-billed Hornero/Bay Hornero
vNE Ecuador (lower R. Lagartococha), NE Peru (Loreto), W Brazil (R. Amazon, R. Napo, R. Ucayali)
Furnarius figulus29 Band-tailed Hornero
1 pileatus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 187830 vEC Brazil (lower R. Madeira to C Pará, NW Goiás to upper R. Araguaia)
2 figulus (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) E Brazil (E Maranhão, S Bahia, N and E Minas Gerais)
Furnarius leucopus31 Pale-legged Hornero
1 longirostris von Pelzeln, 185632 vN Colombia (Córdoba to lower Magdalena valley), NW Venezuela (NW Zulia to E Falcón, NW Lara, NW Carabobo)
1 endoecus Cory, 1919 vN Colombia (lower and middle Magdalena valley), W Venezuela (S Zulia)
2 cinnamomeus (Lesson, 1844)33 vW Ecuador (from W Esmeraldas), NW Peru (to N Ancash)
3 leucopus Swainson, 183834 N Amazonian Brazil (R. Negro, R. Branco), SW Guyana
3 tricolor Giebel, 1868 E Peru (Amazonas to Puno), W Amazonian Brazil (to W Pará, south to N Mato Grosso) to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
3 araguaiae O.M. de O. Pinto & de Camargo, 195235 SC Brazil (R. Araguaia, R. das Mortes in E Mato Grosso, ? W Goiás) [Pinto, 1952 #3083]
3 assimilis Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 186036 αvE and S Brazil (Maranhão to Pernambuco, south to Bahia, S Mato Grosso), SE Bolivia (SE Santa Cruz)
Furnarius minor   von Pelzeln, 1858 Lesser Hornero
vSE Colombia, E Ecuador (R. Napo) and NE Peru (to lower R. Huallaga), to NC Brazil (mouth of R. Tapajós)
Furnarius rufus Rufous Hornero
commersoni von Pelzeln, 186837,38 C and E Bolivia (La Paz, Beni to Tarija, Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (Mato Grosso), NW Argentina (N Salta, SE Jujuy)
paraguayae Cherrie & Reichenberger, 1921 Paraguay, N Argentina (Formosa to La Rioja, N Santiago del Estero, N Santa Fé)
albogularis (von Spix, 1824) vE and SE Brazil (S Ceará, Alagoas, Bahia, Goiás to São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
rufus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vSE Brazil (Paraná to Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay, C and E Argentina (S Santiago del Estero to Corrientes, south to N Río Negro)
Furnarius cristatus   Burmeister, 1888 Crested Hornero
vSE Bolivia (SE Chuquisaca, E Tarija), W Paraguay to C Argentina (to N San Luis, N Córdoba, C Santa Fé, NW Entre Ríos)
LOCHMIAS Swainson, 1827 M - Lochmias squamulata Swainson, 1836; type by subsequent monotypy (Swainson, 1836, Orn. Draw., pt. 3, pl. 38). = Myiothera nematura M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823  
Lochmias nematura Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper
nelsoni Aldrich, 1945 E Panama (Cerros Pirre, Malí and Quía in E Darién)
chimantae W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1947 SE Venezuela (S Amazonas, tepuis of Bolívar)
castanonotus C. Chubb, 1918 vSE Venezuela (Meseta del Cerro Jaua, Cerro Cuquenán, Mt. Roraima, Uei-tepui in S Bolívar), W Guyana (Potaro Plateau)
sororius P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 vN Venezuela (Yaracuy to Distrito Federal), Andes from Colombia to N Peru (to San Martín)
obscuratus Cabanis, 1873 vAndes from C Peru (from Huánuco) to NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
nematura (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) SE Brazil (from S Mato Grosso, S Goiás, Minas Gerais, S Bahia, Espírito Santo), E Paraguay, NE Argentina, Uruguay
PHLEOCRYPTES Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 M - Sylvia melanops Vieillot, 1817; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1890, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 15, p. 33).  
Phleocryptes melanops Wren-like Rushbird
brunnescens J.T. Zimmer, 1935 Coastal W Peru (Lambayeque to Ica)
schoenobaenus Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 186039,40 αvC and S Peru (Lake Junín, Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz to Oruro) and NW Argentina (Jujuy)
loaensis R.A. Philippi-B. & Goodall, 1946 vCoastal S Peru (Arequipa), N Chile (Tarapacá)
melanops (Vieillot, 1817) SE Brazil, Argentina (Tucumán to Misiones, south to W Santa Cruz), Chile (Atacama to Aisén) >> S Paraguay
LIMNORNIS Gould, 1839 M - Limnornis curvirostris Gould, 1839; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 17).  
Limnornis curvirostris   Gould, 1839 Curve-billed Reed-haunter
vSE Brazil (coastal Rio Grande do Sul), S Uruguay, E Argentina (Entre Ríos, NE Buenos Aires)
GEOCERTHIA Chesser & Claramunt, 2009 F - Upucerthia serrana Taczanowski, 1875; type by original designation and monotypy41
Geocerthia serrana Striated Earthcreeper
serrana (Taczanowski, 1875) vAndes of N and C Peru (Cajamarca to Lima, Junín)
huancavelicae (Morrison, 1938) Andes of S Peru (Huancavelica)
UPUCERTHIA I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832 F - Upucerthia dumetaria I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832; type by monotypy  42
Upucerthia saturatior 43  W.E.D. Scott, 1900 Patagonian Forest Earthcreeper
vC Chile (Valparaíso to Valdivia), SW Argentina (W Neuquén to NW Chubut)
Upucerthia dumetaria Scaly-throated Earthcreeper
peruana J.T. Zimmer, 1954 vAndes of S Peru (Puno) [Zimmer, 1954 #4320]
hypoleuca Reichenbach, 185344 vW Bolivia, C Chile (Tarapacá to Maule). W Argentina (Jujuy to N Río Negro, east to Córdoba)
dumetaria I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832 vS Chile (Aisén, Magallanes), C and S Argentina (Córdoba, Buenos Aires to N Tierra del Fuego)
Upucerthia albigula   Hellmayr, 1932 White-throated Earthcreeper
iW slope of Andes in SW Peru (from Ayacucho), N Chile (N Tarapacá)
Upucerthia validirostris Buff-breasted Earthcreeper
saturata Carriker, 1933 vW Andes of C Peru (Ancash, Huánuco, NW Pasco)
jelskii (Cabanis, 1874)45,46 Andes of C Peru (Lima) to N Chile (N Tarapacá) and NW Argentina (Jujuy)
validirostris (Burmeister, 1861)47 vAndes of NW Argentina (Salta to N Mendoza; W Córdoba)
CINCLODES G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Motacilla patagonica J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 26).  48
Cinclodes pabsti Long-tailed Cinclodes
espinhacensis Freitas, Chaves, Costa, F.R. Santos & M. Rodrigues, 201249 vSE Brazil (S part of Serra do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais) [Freitas, 2012 #14069]
pabsti Sick, 1969 SE Brazil (SE Santa Catarina, NE Rio Grande do Sul) [Sick, 1969 #3642]
Cinclodes fuscus 50  (Vieillot, 1818) Bar-winged Cinclodes/Buff-winged Cinclodes
vC and S Chile, C and S Argentina (Mendoza to Tierra del Fuego) >> S Brazil, SE Paraguay, Uruguay, N Argentina
Cinclodes antarcticus Blackish Cinclodes
maculirostris Dabbene, 1917 vDawson I. (S Magallanes), Brecknock Pen. (SW Tierra del Fuego), Isla Navarino, Cape Horn Arch., Isla de los Estados
antarcticus (Garnot, 1826) vFalkland Is.
Cinclodes comechingonus 51  Zotta & Gavio, 1944 Cordoba Cinclodes
vNC Argentina (W Córdoba, NE San Luis, Mendoza) >> N Argentina (to E Tucumán, N Santiago del Estero)
Cinclodes albidiventris52 Chestnut-winged Cinclodes
heterurus von Madarász, 1903 vAndes of W Venezuela (S Lara, Trujillo, Mérida)
oreobates W.E.D. Scott, 190053 Colombia (Santa Marta Mts., E and C Andes), SW Venezuela (Andes of S Táchira)
albidiventris P.L. Sclater, 1860 vAndes from Ecuador (from Imbabura, Carchi) to NW Peru (Piura, Cajamarca)
Cinclodes olrogi 54  Nores & Yzurieta, 1979 Olrog's Cinclodes
iNC Argentina (Sierras Grandes, Sierra de Comechingones in W Córdoba, Sierra de San Luis in San Luis) [Nores, 1979 #2776]
Cinclodes albiventris55 Cream-winged Cinclodes
albiventris (R.A. Philippi, Sr. & Landbeck, 1861)56 vAndes from N Peru (Amazonas) to Bolivia, N Chile (to Antofagasta), NW Argentina (Jujuy to La Rioja)
tucumanus Chapman, 191957 vNW Argentina (Tucumán)
rufus Nores, 198658 vNW Argentina (Campo de Arenal in Catamarca) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
yzurietae Nores, 198659 NW Argentina (Sierra del Manchao in SE Catamarca) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
riojanus Nores, 198660 vNW Argentina (La Rioja: Sierra de Famatina) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
Cinclodes oustaleti61 Gray-flanked Cinclodes
oustaleti W.E.D. Scott, 1900 Andes of Chile (Antofagasta to Aisén), W Argentina (W Mendoza to W Chubut)
hornensis Dabbene, 1917 vIsla Desolación, off S Chile, Tierra del Fuego, Cape Horn Arch. >> to S Argentina, C Chile
baeckstroemii Lönnberg, 1921 Juan Fernández Arch., off C Chile
Cinclodes excelsior Stout-billed Cinclodes
columbianus (Chapman, 1912) δvC Andes of Colombia (Tolima)
excelsior P.L. Sclater, 1860 vAndes from SW Colombia (Nariño) to S Ecuador (N Azuay)
Cinclodes aricomae 62  (Carriker, 1932) Royal Cinclodes
iAndes of S Peru (Apurímac, Cuzco, Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz)
Cinclodes palliatus   (von Tschudi, 1844) White-bellied Cinclodes
vHigh Andes of C Peru (Junín, Lima, Huancavelica)
Cinclodes atacamensis White-winged Cinclodes
atacamensis (R.A. Philippi, Sr., 1857) vAndes from C Peru (Ancash, Huánuco, Pasco) to C Chile (to Santiago), Bolivia to NW Argentina (to NW Mendoza)
schocolatinus Reichenow, 1920 vWC Argentina (W Córdoba, NE San Luis)
Cinclodes patagonicus Dark-bellied Cinclodes
chilensis (Lesson, 1828)63 vSC Chile (Valparaíso to N Aisén), W Argentina (SW Mendoza to N Santa Cruz)
patagonicus (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vS Chile (NC Aisén), S Argentina (S Santa Cruz) to Tierra del Fuego
Cinclodes taczanowskii 64  von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892 Surf Cinclodes
iCoastal C and S Peru (Ancash to Tacna)
Cinclodes nigrofumosus 65  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Seaside Cinclodes
vCoastal N and C Chile (Arica to Osorno, including Isla Pájaros, Isla Mocha)
PHILYDORINAE
ANABAZENOPS Lafresnaye, 1840 M - Sitta fusca Vieillot, 1816; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 30).  
Anabazenops dorsalis 66  (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880) Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner/Bamboo Foliage-gleaner
vS Colombia (from W Caquetá), E Ecuador, E Peru, NW Bolivia (N La Paz), S Amazonian Brazil (Acre, Rondônia, N Mato Grosso)
Anabazenops fuscus   (Vieillot, 1816) White-collared Foliage-gleaner
vSE Brazil (C Minas Gerais, S Bahia to NE Santa Catarina)
MEGAXENOPS Reiser, 1905 M - Megaxenops parnaguae Reiser, 1905; type by monotypy  
Megaxenops parnaguae   Reiser, 1905 Great Xenops
iE Brazil (Piauí, S Ceará, W Pernambuco to W Goiás, W Bahia, NW Minas Gerais)
CICHLOCOLAPTES Reichenbach, 1853 M - Anabates ferruginolentus zu Wied, 1831; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 28). = Anabates leucophrus Jardine & Selby, 1830  
Cichlocolaptes leucophrus Pale-browed Treehunter
leucophrus (Jardine & Selby, 1830) SE Brazil (S Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)
holti O.M. de O. Pinto, 194167 SE Brazil (São Paulo to NE Santa Catarina, NE Rio Grande do Sul) [Pinto, 1941 #3079]
HELIOBLETUS Reichenbach, 1853 M - Heliobletus superciliosus Reichenbach, 1853, misidentified (not Dendrocolaptes superciliosus M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1820) = Heliobletus contaminatus von Berlepsch 1885; type by monotypy68
Heliobletus contaminatus Sharp-billed Treehunter
contaminatus von Berlepsch, 188569 vSE Brazil (S Minas Gerais, SW Espírito Santo to N São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
camargoi J.M.C. Silva & Stotz, 199270 SE Brazil (São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) [Silva, 1992 #658]
PHILYDOR von Spix, 1824 N - Anabates atricapillus zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 28).  71
Philydor novaesi   Teixeira & Gonzaga, 1983 Alagoas Foliage-gleaner
iNE Brazil (Alagoas, Pernambuco) [Teixeira, 1983 #3809]
Philydor atricapillus 72  (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) Black-capped Foliage-gleaner
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia to S Mato Grosso do Sul, NE Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (N Misiones)
Philydor pyrrhodes   (Cabanis, 1849) α Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner
iSE Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas to E Ecuador, E Peru, Amazonian Brazil, N Bolivia
Philydor fuscipenne73,74,75 Slaty-winged Foliage-gleaner
1 fuscipenne Salvin, 186676 αvC Panama (Veraguas, Coclé, E Colón, Canal area)
2 erythronotum P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 vE Panama, N and W Colombia (to N Santander, N Caldas, south to Chocó; Nariño), W Ecuador (to El Oro)
Philydor erythrocercum Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner
1 erythrocercum (von Pelzeln, 1859) vThe Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (R. Negro to Amapá, south to R. Amazon)
1 subfulvum P.L. Sclater, 1862 vS Colombia (from W Meta), E Ecuador, N Peru (north of R. Amazon from R. Ucayali)
1 suboles Todd, 1948 SE Colombia (Amazonas), NW Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon to R. Negro)
1 lyra Cherrie, 1916 E Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Ucayali), S Amazonian Brazil (to N Maranhão, south to Mato Grosso), N Bolivia (Pando, N Beni)
2 ochrogaster Hellmayr, 191777 Andes from C Peru (from Huánuco) to NC Bolivia (to Cochabamba; NW Santa Cruz)
Philydor erythropterum78 Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner
erythropterum (P.L. Sclater, 1856) vS Venezuela, SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira), NE Bolivia (to La Paz, N Beni)
diluviale Griscom & Greenway, 193779 vSE Amazonian Brazil (C Pará to NW Maranhão)
Philydor rufum Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner
panerythrum P.L. Sclater, 1862 vCosta Rica, W Panama; C Colombia (lower Cauca Valley; E slope of C Andes from Antioquia to Caldas; W slope of E Andes from SE Santander to SW Cundinamarca)
columbianum Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 186080 ΘvN Venezuela (C Falcón; SE Lara; mountains of Yaracuy, Carabobo to Miranda)
cuchiverus W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1949 S Venezuela (Cerro Calentura in N Amazonas, Cerro El Negro in NW Bolívar)
riveti Menegaux & Hellmayr, 1906 W Andes of W Colombia (from C Chocó), NW and SW Ecuador (Esmeraldas to Pichincha; El Oro)
bolivianum von Berlepsch, 1907 vE slope of Andes from Ecuador (from W Napo) to C Bolivia (to Chuquisaca)
chapadense J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vSW Brazil (S Mato Grosso, S Goiás)
rufum (Vieillot, 1818) vE and SE Brazil (Minas Gerais, SE Bahia, Espiríto Santo to Mato Grosso do Sul, N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones, NE Corrientes)
ANABACERTHIA Lafresnaye, 1840 F - Anabacerthia striaticollis Lafresnaye, 1840; type by monotypy  81,82
Anabacerthia striaticollis83 Montane Foliage-gleaner
anxia (Bangs, 1902) vN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
perijana W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1952 vColombia/Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Phelps, 1952 #3035]
venezuelana (Hellmayr, 1911) vN Venezuela (Yaracuy, Carabobo to Distrito Federal; Aragua, Miranda)
striaticollis Lafresnaye, 1840 αvAndes of W Venezuela (Lara, Trujillo, NW Barinas, Mérida, Táchira), Colombia (except Nariño)
montana (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes from S Colombia (Nariño) to C Peru (to Junín)
yungae (Chapman, 1923) E slope of Andes from S Peru (Cuzco, Puno) to C Bolivia (to W Santa Cruz)
Anabacerthia amaurotis   (Temminck, 1823) White-browed Foliage-gleaner
vSE Brazil (S Espiríto Santo to N Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones), SE Paraguay
Anabacerthia lichtensteini 84,85  (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860) α Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner
SE Brazil (SE Bahia, S Goiás, S Mato Grosso do Sul to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Anabacerthia variegaticeps86,87 Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner
1 schaldachi Winker, 199788 SW Mexico (Guerrero) [Winker, 1997 #4245]
1 variegaticeps (P.L. Sclater, 1857) SE Mexico (Caribbean slope from S Veracruz, Pacific slope from Oaxaca) to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
2 temporalis (P.L. Sclater, 1859)89 vW slope of Andes in Colombia (from S Chocó), W Ecuador (to W Loja; W Esmeraldas, SW Manabí)
Anabacerthia ruficaudata90,91 Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner
flavipectus (W.H. Phelps, Sr. & Gilliard, 1941) SE Colombia, SE Venezuela (C and S Amazonas), the Guianas, N Brazil (Roraima, Amapá)
subflavescens (Cabanis, 1873)92 NE Ecuador (Napo, Sucumbíos), E Peru [Cabanis, 1873 #14929]
ruficaudata (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) vThe Guianas, S and E Amazonian Brazil (Amazonas to N Maranhão), SE Peru (E Ucayali), N Bolivia
SYNDACTYLA Reichenbach, 1853 F - Xenops rufosuperciliatus Lafresnaye, 1832; type by monotypy  93
Syndactyla rufosuperciliata Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner
cabanisi (Taczanowski, 1875)94 Andes of S Ecuador (Cordillera del Cóndor in Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru, W Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba)
oleaginea (P.L. Sclater, 1884) vAndes from C Bolivia (from W Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (to La Rioja)
rufosuperciliata (Lafresnaye, 1832) vSE Brazil (S Minas Gerais, S Espiríto Santo to Paraná)
acrita (Oberholser, 1901) vNC Paraguay, SE Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul) to NE Argentina (to N Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Syndactyla dimidiata 95,96,97  (von Pelzeln, 1859) Russet-mantled Foliage-gleaner/Planalto Foliage-gleaner
vSE Brazil (Goiás, S Tocantins and W Minas Gerais to S Mato Grosso and N Paraná), NE Paraguay (Concepción)
Syndactyla roraimae98,99 White-throated Foliage-gleaner/Tepui Foliage-gleaner
paraquensis (W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1947) vSC Venezuela (Cerro Paraque in NW Amazonas)
duidae (Chapman, 1939) SC Venezuela (tepuis in Amazonas), N Brazil (Serranía de la Neblina in Amazonas, Serra Parima in Roraima)
roraimae (Hellmayr, 1917)100 SE Venezuela (Mt. Roraima, La Gran Sabana in SE Bolívar), W Guyana (Potaro Plateau), N Brazil (Mt. Roraima)
urutani (W.H. Phelps, Jr. & Dickerman, 1980) SE Venezuela (Cerros Urutaní, Jaua, Sarisariñama in S Bolívar) [Phelps, 1980 #3052]
Syndactyla subalaris Lineated Foliage-gleaner
lineata (Lawrence, 1865) vCosta Rica, W Panama (to Veraguas)
tacarcunae (Chapman, 1923) Panama-Colombia border (Cerros Malí, Pirre, Tacarcuna)
subalaris (P.L. Sclater, 1859) vAndes of W Colombia (W range, W slope of C range), W Ecuador (to El Oro)
striolata (Todd, 1913) vAndes of NW Venezuela (Lara, NW Barinas), NE Colombia (E range, Magdalena valley in Meta, Huila; Serranía de San Lucas)
olivacea W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1956 vW Venezuela (R. Chiquito valley in SW Táchira) [Phelps, 1956 #3042]
mentalis (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885)101 vE slope of Andes in Ecuador, Peru (to Cuzco)
Syndactyla ruficollis 102,103  (Taczanowski, 1884) Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner
vW slope of Andes in SW Ecuador (El Oro, Loja), NW Peru (Tumbes to Lambayeque, W Cajamarca)
Syndactyla guttulata104 Guttulate Foliage-gleaner
guttulata (P.L. Sclater, 1858) vN Venezuela (Sierra de San Luis in C Falcón; Yaracuy, Carabobo to Distrito Federal; S Aragua)
pallida J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1944 vNE Venezuela (NE Anzoátegui, Sucre, N Monagas)
Syndactyla ucayalae 105,106,107  (Chapman, 1928) Peruvian Recurvebill
SE Peru (S Ucayali, Cuzco, Madre de Dios), N Bolivia (W Pando); S Amazonian Brazil (Acre, N Mato Grosso, Pará)
Syndactyla striata 108  (Carriker, 1935) Bolivian Recurvebill
vE Andean foothills of SE Peru (SE Puno) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
ANCISTROPS P.L. Sclater, 1862 M - Anabates lineaticeps P.L. Sclater, 1856; type by monotypy = Thamnophilus strigilatus von Spix, 1825  
Ancistrops strigilatus 109  (von Spix, 1825) Chestnut-winged Hookbill
vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (to lower R. Tapajós), N Bolivia (Pando, La Paz)
CLIBANORNIS P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 M - Anabates dendrocolaptoides von Pelzeln, 1859; type by original designation  110
Clibanornis rectirostris 111  (zu Wied, 1831) Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner/Henna-capped Foliage-gleaner
vSC Brazil (SE Mato Grosso, S Goiás, S Bahia to SW Minas Gerais, E São Paulo, NW Paraná) to E Paraguay
Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides   (von Pelzeln, 1859) Canebrake Groundcreeper
iSE Brazil (S São Paulo to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Clibanornis erythrocephalus112 Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner
erythrocephalus (Chapman, 1919) vSW Ecuador (SW Manabí, W Guayas; El Oro, W Loja), NW Peru (Tumbes)
palamblae (J.T. Zimmer, 1935)113 NW Peru (Piura, N Lambayeque)
Clibanornis rubiginosus114,115 Ruddy Foliage-gleaner
1 guerrerensis (Salvin & Godman, 1891) vSW Mexico (Guerrero, W Oaxaca)
1 rubiginosus (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vE Mexico (SE San Luis Potosí, E Hidalgo, W Veracruz, E Puebla; N and NE Oaxaca)
1 veraepacis (Salvin & Godman, 1891)116 S Mexico (E Oaxaca, Chiapas), Guatemala to N Nicaragua
1 fumosus (Salvin & Godman, 1891) vSW Costa Rica, W Panama (Chiriquí)
2 saturatus (Chapman, 1915) vE Panama (Darién), NW Colombia (Antioquia)
2 nigricauda (E. Hartert, 1898) W Colombia (Serranía de Baudó, foothills of W Andes) to W Ecuador (to El Oro), NW Peru (Tumbes)
2 sasaimae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1947) N Colombia (Boyacá, W slope of E Andes in Cundinamarca)
3 cinnamomeigula (Hellmayr, 1905) SW Venezuela (Apure), E Colombia (E Andes in Meta)
5 brunnescens (Berlioz, 1927) E Ecuador (Napo) to NE Peru (Amazonas)
4 watkinsi (Hellmayr, 1912)117 N Peru (San Martín) to N Bolivia (La Paz); SW Brazil (Acre)
5 caquetae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1947) E Andes in S Colombia (Nariño, Caquetá, Putumayo), NE Ecuador (Sucumbíos)
5 venezuelanus (J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1947) vS Venezuela (Bolívar, tepuis of E and S Amazonas)
5 obscurus (von Pelzeln, 1859) vThe Guianas, NE Brazil
Clibanornis rufipectus 118,119  (Bangs, 1898) Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner
N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
THRIPADECTES P.L. Sclater, 1862 M - Anabates flammulatus Eyton, 1849; type by monotypy  120
Thripadectes ignobilis   (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1879) Uniform Treehunter
vPacific slope of W Andes in Colombia (from Chocó), NW Ecuador (to El Oro)
Thripadectes flammulatus121 Flammulated Treehunter
bricenoi von Berlepsch, 1907 Andes of NW Venezuela (Mérida)
flammulatus (Eyton, 1849) vNE Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.), Andes of SW Venezuela (S Táchira), Colombia, Ecuador, N Peru (Piura, Cajamarca)
Thripadectes scrutator   Taczanowski, 1874 Rufous-backed Treehunter/Peruvian Treehunter
iE slope of Andes from N Peru (Amazonas south of R. Marañón) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Thripadectes holostictus Striped Treehunter
striatidorsus (von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884)122 W Andes of W Colombia (from Cauca), W Ecuador (to Chimborazo)
holostictus (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1876) vAndes of W Venezuela (SW Táchira), Colombia (C and E ranges), E Ecuador, N Peru (La Libertad)
moderatus J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vE slope of Andes from C Peru (Huánuco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Thripadectes virgaticeps Streak-capped Treehunter
klagesi (Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1912) N Venezuela (Carabobo to Distrito Federal)
tachirensis W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1958 vAndes of W Venezuela (SE Lara, SW Táchira) [Phelps, 1958 #3043]
magdalenae Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 Andes of W Colombia (W range in S Chocó; E slope of C range in Antioquia, SW Huila)
sclateri von Berlepsch, 1907 W Andes of SW Colombia (Valle to Nariño)
virgaticeps Lawrence, 1874 W Andes of NW Ecuador (Carchi to Pichincha)
sumaco Chapman, 1925 E Andes in S Colombia (Caquetá, E Nariño), N Ecuador (W Napo)
Thripadectes melanorhynchus Black-billed Treehunter
striaticeps (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1875) E slope of Andes in Colombia (from Boyacá, W Casanare)
melanorhynchus (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes in Ecuador (from Sucumbíos), Peru (to Puno)
Thripadectes rufobrunneus   (Lawrence, 1865) Streak-breasted Treehunter
vCosta Rica, W Panama (to Veraguas)
AUTOMOLUS Reichenbach, 1853 M - Sphenura sulphurascens M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823; type by monotypy  123
Automolus rufipileatus Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner
consobrinus (P.L. Sclater, 1870)124 E Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas, E Ecuador, E Peru, N and W Amazonian Brazil, NW Bolivia (to Cochabamba)
rufipileatus (von Pelzeln, 1859) vS Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus to NW Maranhão)
Automolus melanopezus   (P.L. Sclater, 1858) Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner
vS Colombia (W Putumayo), E Ecuador, N Peru; SE Peru, W Brazil (SW Amazonas, Acre, N Rondônia), N Bolivia (W Pando)
Automolus subulatus125 Striped Woodhaunter
1 nicaraguae (W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925) E Nicaragua
1 virgatus (Lawrence, 1867) vCosta Rica, W Panama (to Veraguas)
1 assimilis von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 vE Panama (from E Colón), W Colombia, W Ecuador (to NW Azuay, El Oro)
1 cordobae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1960) NC Colombia (Antioquia, S Córdoba, Magdalena valley south to Boyacá) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1960 #2675]
2 subulatus (von Spix, 1824) vS Venezuela, SE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W and S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro, south of R. Amazon east to Pará), N Bolivia (Pando, Beni, La Paz)
2 lemae (W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1960) SE Venezuela (Sierra de Lema in SE Bolívar) [Phelps, 1960 #3046]
Automolus ochrolaemus Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner
1 cervinigularis (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vSE Mexico (S Veracruz, N and NE Oaxaca, from S Quintana Roo), N Guatemala, W Belize
1 hypophaeus Ridgway, 1909126 vHonduras to NW Panama
1 exsertus Bangs, 1901 vPacific slope of SW Costa Rica, W Panama (Chiriquí, Veraguas)
1 pallidigularis Lawrence, 1862 vE Panama, N and W Colombia (to N Magdalena valley), NW Ecuador (to W Guayas, Los Ríos)
2 turdinus (von Pelzeln, 1859) vSE Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas to E Ecuador, NE Peru, N Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
2 ochrolaemus (von Tschudi, 1844) vE Peru (south of R. Amazon), SW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Purus) to C Bolivia (W Pando to NW Santa Cruz)
2 auricularis J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vS Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus to E Pará) to NE Bolivia (E Pando, NE Santa Cruz)
Automolus infuscatus127 Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner
1 badius J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vE Colombia (Vichada), S Venezuela (W and C Bolívar, Amazonas), NW Amazonian Brazil (east to lower R. Negro)
1 cervicalis (P.L. Sclater, 1889) vE Venezuela (E Bolívar), the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Negro to Amapá)
2 infuscatus (P.L. Sclater, 1856) vSE Colombia (from S Meta, E Guainía), E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia (W Pando, N La Paz)
2 purusianus Todd, 1948 vSW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Madeira)
Automolus paraensis 128  E. Hartert, 1902 Para Foliage-gleaner
vS Amazonian Brazil (R. Madeira to Maranhão, south to Rondônia, N Mato Grosso)
Automolus lammi 129  J. T. Zimmer, 1947 Pernambuco Foliage-gleaner
E Brazil (E Paraíba, E Pernambuco)
Automolus leucophthalmus130 White-eyed Foliage-gleaner
leucophthalmus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) vE Brazil (E Bahia)
sulphurascens (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) SC and SE Brazil (SE Mato Grosso, S Goiás, SE Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
SYNALLAXINAE
PREMNOPLEX Cherrie, 1891 M - Margarornis brunnescens Lawrence; type by original designation = Margarornis brunnescens P.L. Sclater, 1856  
Premnoplex brunnescens131 Spotted Barbtail
brunneicauda (Lawrence, 1865)132 Costa Rica, W Panama (east to Veraguas)
albescens Griscom, 1927133 E Panama (Darién) and adjacent NW Colombia
brunnescens (P.L. Sclater, 1856)134 Sierra de Perijá; Andes from Colombia, NW Venezuela to C Peru (Cuzco)
coloratus Bangs, 1902 vN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
rostratus Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1912 vN Venezuela (Lara, Yaracuy to Aragua, E and S Miranda)
stictonotus (von Berlepsch, 1901) vAndes from S Peru (Puno) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Premnoplex tatei135,136 White-throated Barbtail
1 tatei Chapman, 1925 NE Venezuela (NE Anzoátegui, Cordillera de Caripe in S Sucre; Cerro Negro in N Monagas)
2 pariae W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1949 NE Venezuela (Paria Pen.)
MARGARORNIS Reichenbach, 1853 M - Sittasomus perlatus Lesson, 1844; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 28).  137
Margarornis rubiginosus138 Ruddy Treerunner
rubiginosus Lawrence, 1865 vCosta Rica (from S Cordillera de Guanacaste), W Panama (W Chiriquí)
boultoni Griscom, 1924 C Panama (E Chiriquí, Veraguas)
Margarornis squamiger139 Pearled Treerunner
perlatus (Lesson, 1844) vSierra de Perijá; Andes from Colombia, W Venezuela (Trujillo, Mérida, Táchira) to N Peru (Piura, N Cajamarca)
peruvianus Cory, 1913 vAndes of N and C Peru (S Cajamarca, Amazonas to Cuzco)
squamiger (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) vAndes from S Peru (Puno) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz); NW Argentina (Salta)
Margarornis stellatus   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 Fulvous-dotted Treerunner/Star-chested Treehunter
vW and C Andes of Colombia (from S Chocó; Antioquia), W Ecuador (to Pichincha; Chimborazo)
Margarornis bellulus 140  Nelson, 1912 Beautiful Treerunner
vE Panama (Cerro Tacarcuna, Cerro Malí, Cerro Pirre, Altos de Quía, Serranía de Majé)
APHRASTURA Oberholser, 1899 F - Motacilla spinicauda J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by original designation  
Aphrastura spinicauda Thorn-tailed Rayadito
spinicauda (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) C Chile (Coquimbo), W Argentina to Tierra del Fuego, Isla de los Estados, Islas Diego Ramirez; Falkland Is.
bullocki Chapman, 1934141 Isla Mocha, off SC Chile
fulva Angelini, 1905 vIsla de Chiloé, off SC Chile
Aphrastura masafucrae 142  (R.A. Philippi, Sr. & Landbeck, 1866) δ Masafuera Rayadito
iIsla Alejandro Selkirk, Juan Fernández Arch., off Chile
SYLVIORTHORHYNCHUS Gay, 1845 M - Sylviorthorhynchus desmurii Gay, 1845; type by monotypy  143,144
Sylviorthorhynchus desmurii 145  Gay, 1845 Des Murs's Wiretail
iC and S Chile (Valparaíso to N Magallanes), W Argentina (W Neuquén to W Santa Cruz)
Sylviorthorhynchus yanacensis 146  (Carriker, 1933) Tawny Tit Spinetail
vAndes of W and SE Peru (Ancash, N Lima; Cuzco, Puno), Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Potosí, Tarija), NW Argentina (N Jujuy, N Salta)
LEPTASTHENURA Reichenbach, 1853 F - Synallaxis aegithaloides von Kittlitz, 1830; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 27).  147
Leptasthenura xenothorax 148  Chapman, 1921 White-browed Tit Spinetail
iAndes of S Peru (Apurímac, Cuzco)
Leptasthenura setaria   (Temminck, 1824) Araucaria Tit Spinetail
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais, W Rio de Janeiro to N Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones)
Leptasthenura platensis   Reichenbach, 1853 Tufted Tit Spinetail
vN and C Argentina (to N Chubut), SE Brazil (SW Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay; S Paraguay
Leptasthenura striolata   (von Pelzeln, 1856) Striolated Tit Spinetail
vSE Brazil (Paraná to N Rio Grande do Sul)
Leptasthenura pileata149,150 Rusty-crowned Tit Spinetail
1 cajabambae Chapman, 1921151 Andes of N and C Peru (W slope from S Cajamarca to Ancash, E slope to Junín)
2 pileata P.L. Sclater, 1881 vWC Peru (Chillón, Rimac valleys in Lima)
2 latistriata Koepcke, 1965 vSC Peru (W Huancavelica, Ayacucho) [Koepcke, 1965 #2257]
Leptasthenura striata Streaked Tit Spinetail
superciliaris Hellmayr, 1932 vAndes of W Peru (Ancash, Lima)
albigularis Morrison, 1938 vAndes of SW Peru (Huancavelica)
striata (R.A. Philippi, Sr. & Landbeck, 1863) vAndes of SW Peru (Arequipa to Tacna), NW Chile (Tarapacá)
Leptasthenura fuliginiceps Brown-capped Tit Spinetail
fuliginiceps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Andes of Bolivia (S La Paz to Potosí, Tarija)
paranensis P.L. Sclater, 1862152 vNW and WC Argentina (Jujuy, Salta to N Mendoza; W Córdoba, NE San Luis)
Leptasthenura aegithaloides153 Plain-mantled Tit Spinetail
grisescens Hellmayr, 1925 Coastal slope of S Peru (Arequipa to Tacna), N Chile (Tarapacá to Atacama)
berlepschi E. Hartert, 1909 Andes of S Peru (C Puno, E Tacna), N Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta), W Bolivia (La Paz to Potosí), NW Argentina
aegithaloides (von Kittlitz, 1830) C Chile (S Coquimbo to N Aisén)
pallida Dabbene, 1920 vW and S Argentina (La Rioja, S La Pampa, SW Buenos Aires to Santa Cruz), S Chile (EC Aisén, NE Magallanes) >> N and C Argentina
Leptasthenura andicola Andean Tit Spinetail
extima Todd, 1916 vN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
certhia (von Madarász, 1903) W Venezuela (Mérida, Trujillo, ? Táchira)
exterior Todd, 1919 vE Andes of N Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
andicola P.L. Sclater, 1870 C Andes of Colombia (from Tolima) to Ecuador (to N Azuay, Cotopaxi, SW Napo; S Zamora-Chinchipe)
peruviana Chapman, 1919 vAndes of W and S Peru (Ancash, Arequipa, Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz); N Chile (Tarapacá)
PHACELLODOMUS Reichenbach, 1853 M - Anabates rufifrons zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821; type by monotypy  154
Phacellodomus rufifrons155,156 Rufous-fronted Thornbird
1 inornatus Ridgway, 1887157,158 αvN Venezuela (SE Falcón, Yaracuy, Carabobo to Miranda)
1 castilloi W.H. Phelps, Jr. & Aveledo, 1987159 W and C Venezuela (Lara to Sucre, Monagas), NE Colombia (Boyacá, Arauca, Casanare, Vichada, NE Meta) [Phelps, 1987 #3054]
2 peruvianus Hellmayr, 1925160 vS Ecuador (S Zamora-Chinchipe), N Peru (Amazonas, Cajamarca, upper Marañón valley in San Martín)
3 sincipitalis Cabanis, 1883161 vE Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz, Tarija), S Brazil (S Mato Grosso), NC Paraguay, NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán)
3 specularis Hellmayr, 1925 vNE Brazil (Pernambuco)
3 rufifrons (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) E Brazil (S Maranhão, S Piauí, Bahia, N Minas Gerais)
Phacellodomus striaticeps Streak-fronted Thornbird
griseipectus Chapman, 1919 Andes of S Peru (Apurímac, Cuzco, Puno)
striaticeps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Andes of Bolivia (from La Paz), NW Argentina (to N Catamarca, Tucumán)
Phacellodomus sibilatrix   P.L. Sclater, 1879 Little Thornbird
iS Bolivia (SW Santa Cruz), W Paraguay, N Argentina (to NE San Luis, N Buenos Aires), SW Uruguay
Phacellodomus dorsalis   Salvin, 1895 Chestnut-backed Thornbird
vNW Peru (S Cajamarca, upper Marañón valley in La Libertad)
Phacellodomus maculipectus 162  Cabanis, 1883 Spot-breasted Thornbird
Andes from C Bolivia (SE Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (to La Rioja)
Phacellodomus striaticollis   (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Freckle-breasted Thornbird
vNE Argentina (E Formosa to E Córdoba, N Buenos Aires), SE Brazil (from E Paraná), Uruguay
Phacellodomus ruber   (Vieillot, 1817) Greater Thornbird
vNC and E Bolivia, S Brazil (S Mato Grosso to W Bahia, south to NW Paraná; W Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, N Argentina
Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus   (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) Orange-eyed Thornbird/Red-eyed Thornbird
vSE Brazil (S Bahia, SE Minas Gerais to NE São Paulo)
Phacellodomus ferrugineigula 163  (von Pelzeln, 1858) Orange-breasted Thornbird
SE Brazil (S Minas Gerais, S Rio de Janeiro to S Rio Grande do Sul)
HELLMAYREA Stolzmann, 1926 F - Synallaxis gularis rufiventris von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896; type by original designation  164
Hellmayrea gularis White-browed Spinetail
gularis (Lafresnaye, 1843) vAndes of W Venezuela (S Táchira), Colombia, Ecuador, N Peru (Cajamarca)
brunneidorsalis (W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1953) vColombia/Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Phelps, 1953 #3037]
cinereiventris (Chapman, 1912)165 vAndes of W Venezuela (Trujillo to N Táchira)
rufiventris (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896) vAndes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Junín)
ANUMBIUS d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 M - Anumbius anthoides d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838; type by virtual tautonymy = Furnarius annumbi Vieillot, 1817  166
Anumbius annumbi 167  (Vieillot, 1817) Firewood-gatherer
iSE Brazil (Goiás, Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul), C and E Paraguay, N and E Argentina (to NE Chubut), Uruguay
CORYPHISTERA Burmeister, 1860 F - Coryphistera alaudina Burmeister, 1860; type by monotypy  
Coryphistera alaudina Lark-like Brushrunner
campicola Todd, 1915168 SE Bolivia (Chuquisaca, S Santa Cruz), W Paraguay
alaudina Burmeister, 1860 vS Bolivia (Tarija), N and E Argentina (to Mendoza, La Pampa), NW Uruguay, SE Brazil (W Rio Grande do Sul)
ASTHENES Reichenbach, 1853 F - Synallaxis sordida Lesson, 1839; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 27).  169
Asthenes dorbignyi170 Creamy-breasted Canastero/Rusty-vented Canastero
1 usheri Morrison, 1947 Andes of SC Peru (Apurímac)
2 huancavelicae Morrison, 1938 Andes of W and SC Peru (Ancash, Huancavelica, Ayacucho)
3 arequipae (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869) Andes of SW Peru (Arequipa to Tacna, S Puno), N Chile (Tarapacá), W Bolivia (SW La Paz, NW Oruro)
4 consobrina Hellmayr, 1925 Andes of SW Bolivia (SE La Paz, NE Oruro, N Potosí)
4 dorbignyi (Reichenbach, 1853) Andes of C and S Bolivia (Cochabamba to E Potosí, Tarija), NW Argentina (Jujuy to Mendoza)
Asthenes berlepschi 171  (Hellmayr, 1917) Berlepsch's Canastero
iE slope of Andes in NW Bolivia (Consata valley in NC La Paz)
Asthenes baeri172 Short-billed Canastero
chacoensis Brodkorb, 1938 vSC Bolivia (SC Santa Cruz), NW Paraguay
baeri (von Berlepsch, 1906) S Bolivia (E Tarija), W Paraguay, N and C Argentina (to NE Río Negro), SE Brazil (SW Rio Grande do Sul), W Uruguay
neiffi (Contreras, 1980) W Argentina (NW and C Mendoza, W Córdoba, N and C San Luis) [Contreras, 1980 #1048]
Asthenes luizae   Vielliard, 1990 Cipo Canastero
iSE Brazil (C and NC Minas Gerais) [Vielliard, 1990 #4020]
Asthenes anthoides 173  (P.P. King, 1831) Austral Canastero
iS Chile, SW Argentina (from S Neuquén), Chile to Tierra del Fuego
Asthenes hudsoni   (P.L. Sclater, 1874) Hudson's Canastero
iE Argentina (Santa Fé, Entre Ríos to Río Negro, Buenos Aires), SE Brazil (SE Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay
Asthenes urubambensis Line-fronted Canastero
huallagae (J.T. Zimmer, 1924) Andes of C Peru (S San Martín to Pasco)
urubambensis (Chapman, 1919) vAndes of S Peru (Cuzco, Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba)
Asthenes flammulata174 Many-striped Canastero
multostriata (P.L. Sclater, 1858) vE Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander to S Cundinamarca)
quindiana (Chapman, 1915) vC Andes of Colombia (Caldas to Cauca)
flammulata (Jardine, 1850) vW Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) to N Peru (N Cajamarca)
taczanowskii (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894)175 Andes of N and C Peru (S Amazonas, S Cajamarca to Ancash, Junín)
Asthenes virgata 176  (P.L. Sclater, 1874) Junin Canastero
vAndes of C and S Peru (Lima, Junín, Ayacucho, Cuzco, Puno)
Asthenes maculicauda   (von Berlepsch, 1901) Scribble-tailed Canastero
iAndes of S Peru (S Cuzco, Puno), Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Tarija), NW Argentina (Tucumán, NC Catamarca)
Asthenes modesta Cordilleran Canastero
proxima (Chapman, 1921) vAndes of C and S Peru (Junín to Cuzco)
modesta (Eyton, 1852) αvAndes of SW Peru (Arequipa, Puno), W Bolivia (W La Paz, Oruro, Potosí) to N Chile, NW Argentina
rostrata (von Berlepsch, 1901) vE slope of Andes in C Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba)
hilereti (Oustalet, 1904)177 NW Argentina (Tucumán, Sierra de Aconquija, Cumbres Calchaquíes in Catamarca) [Oustalet, 1904 #2887]
australis Hellmayr, 1925178 vC and S Chile, W and S Argentina
serrana Nores, 1986179 vW Argentina (Cerro Famatina in La Rioja) [Nores, 1986 #2780]
cordobae Nores & Yzurieta, 1980180 C Argentina (Sierras Grandes, Sierra de Comechingones in W Córdoba; Sierra de San Luis in NE San Luis) [Nores, 1980 #2777]
Asthenes humilis Streak-throated Canastero
cajamarcae J.T. Zimmer, 1936 Andes of NW Peru (S Cajamarca)
humilis (Cabanis, 1873) vAndes of C Peru (La Libertad, Ancash to Huancavelica, Ayacucho)
robusta (von Berlepsch, 1901) vAndes of S Peru (Cuzco to Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz, W Cochabamba)
Asthenes wyatti181 Streak-backed Canastero
sanctaemartae Todd, 1950 N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
perijana W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1977 vColombia/Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Phelps, 1977 #3049]
mucuchiesi W.H. Phelps, Sr. & Gilliard, 1941 Andes of NW Venezuela (Trujillo, Mérida)
wyatti (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1871) E Andes of N Colombia (N Santander)
aequatorialis (Chapman, 1921) vW Andes of C Ecuador (Pichincha to Chimborazo)
azuay (Chapman, 1923) Andes of S Ecuador (Azuay, NW Zamora-Chinchipe, N Loja), N Peru (Piura to Ancash)
graminicola (P.L. Sclater, 1874) Andes of C and S Peru (Junín to Puno), W Bolivia (W La Paz)
Asthenes sclateri182 Puna Canastero
punensis (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1901)183 vAndes of S Peru (Titicaca basin in S Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz)
cuchacanchae (Chapman, 1921) Andes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba, Potosí, Chuquisaca, Tarija), NW Argentina (Salta)
lilloi (Oustalet, 1904) Andes of NW Argentina (Catamarca, Tucumán, La Rioja)
sclateri (Cabanis, 1878) NC Argentina (Sierra de Córdoba and neighbouring mountains in W Córdoba)
brunnescens Nores & Yzurieta, 1983 C Argentina (Sierra de San Luis in San Luis) [Nores, 1983 #2779]
Asthenes moreirae 184,185  (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1905) α Itatiaia Spinetail
SE Brazil (Serra do Caraça, Serra do Itatiaia, Serra do Caparaó, Serra dos Orgãos)
Asthenes pyrrholeuca186 Sharp-billed Canastero
pyrrholeuca (Vieillot, 1817)187 vC and S Argentina (SW Santiago del Estero, NE Córdoba; S La Pampa, SW Buenos Aires to C Santa Cruz) >> E and NE Argentina, S Paraguay
sordida (Lesson, 1839) vC and S Chile (Valparaíso to Aisén; Magallanes), WC Argentina (S Mendoza, Neuquén, W Río Negro) >> NW Argentina, S Bolivia
Asthenes harterti188,189 Black-throated Thistletail
harterti (von Berlepsch, 1901) E slope of Andes in W Bolivia (La Paz)
bejaranoi (Remsen, 1981) E slope of Andes in C Bolivia (Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz) [Remsen, 1981 #3242]
Asthenes coryi   (von Berlepsch, 1888) Ochre-browed Thistletail
Andes of W Venezuela (Trujillo to N Táchira)
Asthenes perijana   (W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1977) Perija Thistletail
vColombia/Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Phelps, 1977 #3049]
Asthenes fuliginosa190,191 White-chinned Thistletail
fuliginosa (Lafresnaye, 1843) vW Venezuela (SW Táchira), Colombia (E Andes to Cundinamarca), Ecuador (to Pichincha, NW Morona-Santiago)
fumigata (Borrero, 1960)192 vC Andes of Colombia (S Caldas to Nariño) [Borrero, 1960 #443]
peruviana (Cory, 1916) vAndes of N Peru (Amazonas south of R. Marañón)
plengei (O'Neill & T.A. Parker, 1976) Andes of C Peru (San Martín to Pasco) [O'Neill, 1976 #2794]
Asthenes griseomurina   (P.L. Sclater, 1882) Mouse-colored Thistletail
vAndes from C Ecuador (Azuay, S Morona-Santiago) to N Peru (Piura, N Cajamarca)
Asthenes helleri 193  (Chapman, 1923) Puna Thistletail
E slope of Andes of S Peru (Cuzco, Puno), W Bolivia (N La Paz)
Asthenes ottonis   (von Berlepsch, 1901) Rusty-fronted Canastero
iAndes of SC Peru (Huancavelica, Ayacucho, Apurímac, SW Cuzco)
Asthenes palpebralis   (Cabanis, 1873) Eye-ringed Thistletail
vE slope of Andes in C Peru (Junín)
Asthenes heterura 194  (von Berlepsch, 1901) Maquis Canastero
vAndes of W Bolivia (S La Paz, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Tarija), NW Argentina (N Jujuy, N Salta)
Asthenes pudibunda195 Canyon Canastero
neglecta (Cory, 1916) vW slope of Andes in NW Peru (La Libertad, Ancash)
pudibunda (P.L. Sclater, 1874) vW slope of Andes in W Peru (Lima)
grisior Koepcke, 1961196 vW slope of Andes of SW Peru (Huancavelica to Tacna), N Chile (Tarapacá) [Koepcke, 1961 #2254]
Asthenes vilcabambae197 Vilcabamba Thistletail
1 ayacuchensis (Vaurie, Weske & Terborgh, 1972)198 vE slope of Andes in S Peru (N Ayacucho) [Vaurie, 1972 #4445]
2 vilcabambae (Vaurie, Weske & Terborgh, 1972) E slope of Andes in S Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba in W Cuzco) [Vaurie, 1972 #4445]
ACROBATORNIS Pacheco, Whitney & Gonzaga, 1996 M - Acrobatornis fonsecai Pacheco, Whitney & Gonzaga, 1996; type by monotypy  
Acrobatornis fonsecai   Pacheco, Whitney & Gonzaga, 1996 Pink-legged Graveteiro
iE Brazil (SE Bahia, NE Minas Gerais) [Pacheco, 1996 #2891]
METOPOTHRIX P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866 F - Metopothrix aurantiacus P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866; type by original designation and monotypy  
Metopothrix aurantiaca   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866 Orange-fronted Plushcrown
vS Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W Brazil (to lower R. Juruá, upper R. Purus), NE Bolivia (NE Beni)
XENERPESTES von Berlepsch, 1886 M - Xenerpestes minlosi von Berlepsch, 1886; type by monotypy  
Xenerpestes minlosi Double-banded Graytail
umbraticus Wetmore, 1951 vE Panama (Darién), NW Colombia (east to R. Sinú), NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas, NW Pichincha) [Wetmore, 1951 #4134]
minlosi von Berlepsch, 1886 NE Colombia (NW Santander, W Boyacá)
Xenerpestes singularis 199  (Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885) Equatorial Graytail
vE slope of Andes from N Ecuador (W Napo) to N Peru (Cajamarca, N San Martín)
SIPTORNIS Reichenbach, 1853 F - Siptornis flamulata Reichenbach, 1853; type by monotypy = Synallaxis striaticollis Lafresnaye, 1843  
Siptornis striaticollis Spectacled Prickletail
striaticollis (Lafresnaye, 1843) vE Andes of Colombia (W slope in Cundinamarca, head of Magdalena valley in Huila; E slope in E Cauca, W Caquetá)
nortoni G.R. Graves & Robbins, 1987 E slope of Andes from N Ecuador (W Napo) to N Peru (N Cajamarca) [Graves, 1987 #1779]
RORAIMIA Chapman, 1929 F - Synallaxis adusta Salvin & Godman, 1884; type by original designation  200
Roraimia adusta Roraiman Barbtail
obscurodorsalis W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1948 vSE Venezuela (Cerro Paraque in NW Amazonas)
duidae Chapman, 1939 S Venezuela (Cerro Duida, Cerro Huachamacari, Serranía Parú in C and S Amazonas)
mayri (W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1977) SE Venezuela (Meseta del Cerro Jaua in S Bolívar) [Phelps, 1977 #3051]
adusta (Salvin & Godman, 1884) vSE Venezuela (Mt. Roraima and associated tepuis in SE Bolívar), N Brazil (Mt. Roraima), W Guyana
THRIPOPHAGA Cabanis, 1847 F - Anabates macrourus zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 28).  
Thripophaga gutturata 201,202,203  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Speckled Spinetail
vSE Colombia, S Venezuela, NE Surinam, N French Guiana to E Ecuador, E Peru, Amazonian Brazil, N Bolivia
Thripophaga cherriei   von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 Orinoco Softtail
iSC Venezuela (upper R. Orinoco and tributaries in NW Amazonas)
Thripophaga amacurensis   Hilty, Ascanio & Whittaker, 2013 Delta Amacuro Softtail
vNE Venezuela (Delta Amacuro) [Hilty, 2013 #14336]
Thripophaga macroura   (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1821) Striated Softtail
vCoastal SE Brazil (S Bahia to N Rio de Janeiro)
Thripophaga fusciceps204 Plain Softtail
1 dimorpha J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 vE Ecuador (Napo), SE Peru (Pasco, Junín, Cuzco, Madre de Dios, Puno)
2 obidensis Todd, 1925 vS Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Madeira and central R. Amazon in E Amazonas, Pará)
3 fusciceps P.L. Sclater, 1889 N Bolivia (Beni, E La Paz, N Cochabamba)
LIMNOCTITES Hellmayr, 1925 M - Limnornis rectirostris Gould, 1839; type by original designation and monotypy205
Limnoctites rectirostris   (Gould, 1839) Straight-billed Reed-haunter
vSE Brazil (S Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay, E Argentina (S Entre Ríos, N Buenos Aires)
CRANIOLEUCA Reichenbach, 1853 F - Synallaxis albiceps d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837; type by monotypy  206
Cranioleuca sulphurifera 207  (Burmeister, 1869) Sulfur-throated Spinetail/Sulfur-bearded Spinetail
vE Argentina (S Corrientes to E Río Negro, S Buenos Aires), SE Brazil (S Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay
Cranioleuca marcapatae Marcapata Spinetail
weskei Remsen, 1984 SE Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba in Cuzco) [Remsen, 1984 #3244]
marcapatae J.T. Zimmer, 1935 SE Peru (Cordilleras de Vilcanota, Carabaya in Cuzco)
Cranioleuca albiceps208 Light-crowned Spinetail
albiceps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Andes of S Peru (S Puno), W Bolivia (La Paz, W Cochabamba)
discolor J.T. Zimmer, 1935 Andes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz)
Cranioleuca vulpecula 209  (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866) Parker's Spinetail
iE Ecuador, NE Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil, NE Bolivia (lower R. Beni in Pando)
Cranioleuca berlepschi 210  (Hellmayr, 1905) Russet-mantled Softtail
Andes of N Peru (Amazonas to E La Libertad)
Cranioleuca vulpina Rusty-backed Spinetail
1 dissita Wetmore, 1957211 vIsla de Coiba, off SW Panama [Wetmore, 1957 #4141]
2 apurensis J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1948 vW Venezuela (W Apure)
2 vulpina (von Pelzeln, 1856)212 vNE Colombia, C and S Venezuela, W Guyana, N and C Brazil, NE Bolivia
2 foxi J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 C Bolivia (E Cochabamba; S Beni)
2 reiseri (Reichenberger, 1922) NE Brazil (Piauí, W Pernambuco, W Bahia)
Cranioleuca muelleri   (Hellmayr, 1911) Scaled Spinetail
iN Brazil (E Amazonas along R. Amazon to S Amapá, Ilha Mexiana)
Cranioleuca albicapilla Creamy-crested Spinetail
albicapilla (Cabanis, 1873) Andes of C Peru (Junín, Huancavelica to Ayacucho, Apurímac)
albigula J.T. Zimmer, 1924 Andes of S Peru (Cuzco to Ayacucho, Apurímac)
Cranioleuca obsoleta 213  (Reichenbach, 1853) Olive Spinetail
vE Paraguay, SE Brazil (S São Paulo to S Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones, N Corrientes), E and S Uruguay
Cranioleuca pallida   (zu Wied, 1831) Pallid Spinetail
vSE Brazil (S Goiás, C Minas Gerais, SE Bahia to E Paraná)
Cranioleuca pyrrhophia214 Stripe-crowned Spinetail
rufipennis (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1879) vAndes of N Bolivia (Tilotilo in La Paz, NW Cochabamba)
striaticeps (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Andes of C and S Bolivia (C Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz, Chuquisaca, Tarija)
pyrrhophia (Vieillot, 1818) vS Bolivia, W Paraguay, NE and C Argentina (to Río Negro, N Buenos Aires), SE Brazil (S Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay
Cranioleuca henricae   Maijer & Fjeldså, 1997 Bolivian Spinetail
iC Bolivia (R. Cotacajes, R. Consata in La Paz, Cochabamba) [Maijer, 1997 #2471]
Cranioleuca erythrops Red-faced Spinetail
rufigenis (Lawrence, 1868) vCosta Rica, W Panama (W Chiriquí, Veraguas)
griseigularis (Ridgway, 1909) vE Panama (Cerro Pirre, Cerro Tacarcuna, Cerro Malí), W Colombia (W Andes; W slope of C Andes in Antioquia to Quindío)
erythrops (P.L. Sclater, 1860) Andes of W Ecuador (to NW Azuay; SW Manabí, Cordillera de Mache in W Guayas)
Cranioleuca baroni215 Baron's Spinetail
baroni (Salvin, 1895) Andes of N and C Peru (C Cajamarca, S Amazonas to La Libertad, Ancash, WC Huánuco)
capitalis J.T. Zimmer, 1924 vAndes of C Peru (E Huánuco, Pasco)
zaratensis Koepcke, 1961 vAndes of WC Peru (Lima) [Koepcke, 1961 #2254]
Cranioleuca curtata216 Ash-browed Spinetail
curtata (P.L. Sclater, 1870) vW slope of E Andes in Colombia (SE Santander to Huila)
cisandina (Taczanowski, 1882)217 vE slope of E Andes of S Colombia (from W Caquetá), E Ecuador, N Peru (to Pasco)
debilis (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) vE slope of Andes from C Peru (Ayacucho, Cuzco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Cranioleuca antisiensis Line-cheeked Spinetail
antisiensis (P.L. Sclater, 1859) vAndes of SW Ecuador (N Azuay, El Oro, Loja)
palamblae (Chapman, 1923) Andes of N Peru (Piura, Cajamarca to N Lambayeque)
Cranioleuca demissa Tepui Spinetail
cardonai (W.H. Phelps, Jr. & Dickerman, 1980) S Venezuela (Serranía de la Neblina, Cerros Parú, Paraque, Duida in S Amazonas, Cerros Tabaro, Guaiquinima in C Bolívar) [Phelps, 1980 #3052]
demissa (Salvin & Godman, 1884) vS Venezuela (tepuis), WC Guyana (Mt. Ayanganna; Mt. Kowa), N Brazil (Mt. Roraima)
Cranioleuca semicinerea 218  (Reichenbach, 1853) Gray-headed Spinetail
vE Brazil (Ceará, Alagoas to S Goiás, N Minas Gerais, Bahia)
Cranioleuca hellmayri   (Bangs, 1907) Streak-capped Spinetail
iN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.); NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá)
Cranioleuca subcristata Crested Spinetail
fuscivertex W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1955219 E slope of Andes in W Venezuela (S Táchira, W Apure) [Phelps, 1955 #3040]
subcristata (P.L. Sclater, 1874) vE Colombia, N Venezuela
PSEUDASTHENES Derryberry et al., 2010 F - Synallaxis patagonica d'Orbigny, 1839; type by original designation220
Pseudasthenes humicola Dusky-tailed Canastero
goodalli (Marin, Kiff & G.L. Peña, 1989)221 N Chile (SW Antofagasta) [Marin, 1989 #2489]
humicola (von Kittlitz, 1830) NC Chile (Atacama to C Maule)
polysticta (Hellmayr, 1925) vSC Chile (S Maule, Concepción, Arauco, Malleco)
Pseudasthenes patagonica   (d'Orbigny, 1839) Patagonian Canastero
vS Argentina (S Mendoza, La Pampa, S Buenos Aires to N Santa Cruz)
Pseudasthenes steinbachi   (E. Hartert, 1909) Steinbach's Canastero
iAndes of W Argentina (W Salta to N Mendoza)
Pseudasthenes cactorum 222,223  (Koepcke, 1959) Cactus Canastero
W slope of Andes in SW Peru (W La Libertad; Lima to Arequipa) [Koepcke, 1959 #2253]
SPARTONOICA J.L. Peters, 1950 F - Synallaxis maluroides d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837; type by original designation  
Spartonoica maluroides   (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Bay-capped Wren Spinetail
iNC Argentina, SE Brazil (S Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay
PSEUDOSEISURA Reichenbach, 1853 F - Anabates gutturalis d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838; type by monotypy  
Pseudoseisura unirufa 224  (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Rufous Cachalote/Gray-chested Cachalote
vNC and E Bolivia (Beni, NW and SE Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (S Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), N Paraguay
Pseudoseisura cristata 225  (von Spix, 1824) Caatinga Cachalote
vE Brazil (E Maranhão, Paraíba, Pernambuco to C Minas Gerais)
Pseudoseisura lophotes Brown Cachalote
lophotes (Reichenbach, 1853) S Bolivia (S Santa Cruz, E Tarija), W Paraguay
argentina Parkes, 1960 vN and C Argentina (to N Río Negro), SE Brazil (W Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay [Parkes, 1960 #2914]
Pseudoseisura gutturalis White-throated Cachalote
ochroleuca Olrog, 1959 vN and C Argentina (W Salta to San Juan, La Rioja) [Olrog, 1959 #2823]
gutturalis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) vC Argentina (Mendoza, La Pampa, S Buenos Aires to NE Santa Cruz)
SCHOENIOPHYLAX Ridgway, 1909 M - Sylvia phryganophila Vieillot, 1817; type by original designation  226
Schoeniophylax phryganophilus Chotoy Spinetail
phryganophilus (Vieillot, 1817) vE Bolivia, S Brazil (S Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, S Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, NE Argentina (to N Buenos Aires), Uruguay
petersi O.M. de O. Pinto, 1949 E Brazil (N Minas Gerais, W Bahia)
CERTHIAXIS Lesson, 1844 M - Certhia cinnamomea J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by original designation  
Certhiaxis cinnamomeus Yellow-chinned Spinetail
fuscifrons (von Madarász, 1913) N Colombia (R. Atrato to Santa Marta Mts.; lower Cauca valley, Magdalena valley)
marabinus W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1946 vNW Venezuela (Zulia west of Lake Maracaibo, W Trujillo, W Mérida, NW Táchira), NE Colombia (N Arauca)
valencianus J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1944 vWC Venezuela (Lara, Portuguesa, Barinas to Aragua, Guárico)
orenocensis J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vVenezuela (S Apure, SE Guárico, N Amazonas, N Bolívar to S Sucre, Delta Amacuro)
cinnamomeus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vTrinidad, NE Venezuela (N Sucre, N Anzoátegui), the Guianas, NE Brazil (Pará to N Maranhão)
pallidus J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vSE Colombia (SE Amazonas), W and C Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Negro, lower R. Purus to lower R. Tocantins)
cearensis (Cory, 1916) vE Brazil (S Maranhão, Ceará, Piauí, Pernambuco, N Bahia)
russeolus (Vieillot, 1817) vE Bolivia, S Brazil (from C Mato Grosso, S Bahia), Paraguay, N and NE Argentina (to N Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Certhiaxis mustelinus   (P.L. Sclater, 1874) Red-and-white Spinetail
vNE Peru (along R. Ucayali), SE Colombia (SE Amazonas), Brazil (R. Amazon to lower R. Juruá, lower R. Purus, R. Madeira in E Pará)
SYNALLAXIS Vieillot, 1818 F - Synallaxis ruficapilla Vieillot, 1819; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 17).  227
Synallaxis scutata228 Ochre-cheeked Spinetail
scutata P.L. Sclater, 1859229 δvE and C Brazil (Maranhão to Ceará, Bahia, south to N Mato Grosso, S Minas Gerais, N São Paulo)
whitii P.L. Sclater, 1881230 S Brazil (S Mato Grosso), W and SE Bolivia, NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta; ? W Formosa to Catamarca)
Synallaxis cinerascens   Temminck, 1823 Gray-bellied Spinetail
iSE Brazil (from S Goiás, S Minas Gerais, S Espírito Santo), E Paraguay, NE Argentina, N Uruguay
Synallaxis gujanensis231 Plain-crowned Spinetail
columbiana Chapman, 1914 δvE Colombia (W Meta to Putumayo)
gujanensis (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vE and S Venezuela, the Guianas, N and E Brazil (Amazonas, N Roraima to Amapá and, south of R. Amazon, from Pará, N Mato Grosso to Maranhão, N Goiás)
huallagae Cory, 1919 NE Ecuador (Sucumbíos, Napo), SE Colombia (Amazonas), E Peru, N Bolivia (Pando)
canipileus Chapman, 1923 SE Peru (W Cuzco, Puno)
inornata von Pelzeln, 1856 vSW Amazonian Brazil (Amazonas south of R. Amazon) to NE Bolivia (E Beni)
certhiola Todd, 1916 E Bolivia (S Beni to Santa Cruz)
Synallaxis maranonica 232  Taczanowski, 1879 Marañon Spinetail
vN Peru (N Cajamarca, Marañón valley in NW Amazonas), S Ecuador (S Zamora-Chinchipe)
Synallaxis albilora233 White-lored Spinetail
1 simoni Hellmayr, 1907234,235 C Brazil (E Mato Grosso, Goiás along R. Araguaia)
2 albilora von Pelzeln, 1856 SE Bolivia (E Santa Cruz), SW Brazil (S Mato Grosso, W Mato Grosso do Sul), N Paraguay
Synallaxis kollari   von Pelzeln, 1856 Hoary-throated Spinetail
iN Brazil (R. Branco in N Roraima), Guyana
Synallaxis candei236 White-whiskered Spinetail
candei d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 N Colombia (N Sucre to W Magdalena)
atrigularis (Todd, 1917) vN Colombia (middle Magdalena valley in S Bolívar)
venezuelensis Cory, 1913 vN Colombia (Guajira Pen. to Cesar), NW Venezuela (Zulia to E Falcón, N Lara)
Synallaxis erythrothorax Rufous-breasted Spinetail
erythrothorax P.L. Sclater, 1855237 SE Mexico (S Veracruz and Yucatan Pen. to N Oaxaca and Tabasco) to Guatemala, Belize and NW Honduras
pacifica Griscom, 1930 vSW Mexico (S Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador
Synallaxis tithys   Taczanowski, 1877 Blackish-headed Spinetail
iSW Ecuador (from SW Manabí, C Loja), NW Peru (Tumbes, N Piura)
Synallaxis unirufa238 Rufous Spinetail
munoztebari W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1953239 Colombia/Venezuela border (Sierra de Perijá) [Phelps, 1953 #3037]
meridana E. Hartert & Goodson, 1917 vAndes of NC Colombia (NW part of E range in SE Norte de Santander), W Venezuela (Trujillo to Táchira)
unirufa Lafresnaye, 1843 vAndes of Colombia, Ecuador (W slope to W Cotopaxi)
ochrogaster J.T. Zimmer, 1935 Andes of Peru (Amazonas to Cordillera Vilcabamba in N Cuzco)
Synallaxis castanea 240  P.L. Sclater, 1856 Black-throated Spinetail
vN Venezuela (Aragua to Caracas area in Miranda)
Synallaxis fuscorufa   P.L. Sclater, 1882 Rusty-headed Spinetail
vN Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.)
Synallaxis cinnamomea Stripe-breasted Spinetail
carri Chapman, 1895 Trinidad
terrestris Jardine, 1847 vTobago
cinnamomea Lafresnaye, 1843 vNW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá), E Andes of NE Colombia (Magdalena, Santander to Cundinamarca)
aveledoi W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1946 W Venezuela (N Falcón, W and S Lara to N Táchira), NE Colombia (E slope of E Andes in Norte de Santander)
bolivari E. Hartert, 1917 N Venezuela (E Falcón; Yaracuy, Carabobo to Miranda, N Guárico)
striatipectus Chapman, 1899 NE Venezuela (W Sucre, Anzoátegui)
pariae W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1949 NE Venezuela (Cerro Humo, Cerro Azul in Paria Pen.)
Synallaxis rutilans241 Ruddy Spinetail
caquetensis Chapman, 1914 vSE Colombia (from S Meta, Vaupés), E Ecuador, NE Peru
confinis J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vNW Amazonian Brazil (west of R. Negro)
dissors J.T. Zimmer, 1935 E Colombia (E Vichada, E Guainía), S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (east of R. Negro)
amazonica Hellmayr, 1907 vE Peru, S Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Tapajós), N Bolivia (Pando, La Paz, N Beni)
rutilans Temminck, 1823 SE Amazonian Brazil (R. Tapajós to R. Tocantins, south to NE Mato Grosso)
omissa E. Hartert, 1901242 vSE Amazonian Brazil (R. Tocantins to N Maranhão)
tertia Hellmayr, 1907 vSW Brazil (to SW Mato Grosso), E Bolivia (E Santa Cruz)
Synallaxis cherriei Chestnut-throated Spinetail
napoensis Gyldenstolpe, 1930 vS Colombia (Putumayo), NE Ecuador (W Sucumbíos, W Napo)
saturata Carriker, 1934243 vN and C Peru (San Martín, Ayacucho)
cherriei Gyldenstolpe, 1930244,245 αS Amazonian Brazil (Rondônia, N Mato Grosso, lower R. Xingu to Serra dos Carajás in S Pará)
Synallaxis hypochondriaca 246  (Salvin, 1895) Great Spinetail
vNC Peru (S Cajamarca, SW Amazonas, La Libertad, upper Marañón valley in N Ancash)
Synallaxis zimmeri   Koepcke, 1957 Russet-bellied Spinetail
iWC Peru (W slope of Andes in W La Libertad, Cordillera Negra in Ancash) [Koepcke, 1957 #2252]
Synallaxis stictothorax247 Necklaced Spinetail
1 stictothorax P.L. Sclater, 1859 SW Ecuador (C Manabí to W Guayas, including Isla Puná)
1 maculata Lawrence, 1872 αvSW Ecuador (S Loja), NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad)
2 chinchipensis Chapman, 1925248 vNW Peru (Marañón valley in Cajamarca)
Synallaxis brachyura249 Slaty Spinetail
nigrifumosa Lawrence, 1865250,251 δvNC Honduras to Panama, NW Colombia to NW Ecuador (to NW Guayas)
griseonucha Chapman, 1923252 SW Ecuador (from Guayas, Azuay) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
brachyura Lafresnaye, 1843 vN Colombia (Antioquia to Magdalena valley)
caucae Chapman, 1914 C Colombia (Cauca valley)
Synallaxis subpudica   P.L. Sclater, 1874 Silvery-throated Spinetail
vE Andes of NE Colombia (N Boyacá, Cundinamarca)
Synallaxis hellmayri 253  Reiser, 1905 Red-shouldered Spinetail
E Brazil (NE Piauí, W Pernambuco, N Bahia, N Minas Gerais)
Synallaxis ruficapilla 254  Vieillot, 1819 Rufous-capped Spinetail
iSE Brazil (S Goiás, S Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina
Synallaxis cinerea 255,256  zu Wied, 1831 Bahia Spinetail
iE Brazil (S Bahia, NE Minas Gerais) [zu Wied, 1831 #4058]
Synallaxis moesta257,258 Dusky Spinetail
1 moesta P.L. Sclater, 1856 vE Andean foothills in C Colombia (S Casanare to NW Meta)
1 obscura Chapman, 1914 vE Andean foothills in S Colombia (S Meta, Caquetá, Putumayo)
2 brunneicaudalis P.L. Sclater, 1858 vE Andean foothills in S Colombia (SE Nariño), E Ecuador, NE Peru (Amazonas, N San Martín, W Loreto)
Synallaxis infuscata 259,260  O.M. de O. Pinto, 1950 Pinto's Spinetail
vNE Brazil (E Alagoas, E Pernambuco) [Pinto, 1950 #3082]
Synallaxis cabanisi Cabanis's Spinetail
cabanisi von Berlepsch & Leverkühn, 1890 C and S Peru (Huánuco to Puno, W Ucayali); C Brazil (N Mato Grosso)
fulviventris Chapman, 1924 vN Bolivia (La Paz, W Beni, Cochabamba)
Synallaxis macconnelli261 McConnell's Spinetail
macconnelli C. Chubb, 1919262 SE Venezuela (tepuis of Bolívar, Amazonas), SW Guyana, N Brazil (Serranía de la Neblina, Serra Parima)
obscurior Todd, 1948263,264 vSurinam, French Guiana, NE Brazil (Amapá)
Synallaxis hypospodia 265  P.L. Sclater, 1874 Cinereous-breasted Spinetail
vSE Peru, N and E Bolivia, SC and E Brazil (S Amazonas to R. Tapajós; Mato Grosso to Ceará, Alagoas, N Bahia, W Minas Gerais)
Synallaxis spixi   P.L. Sclater, 1856 Spix's Spinetail
iSE Brazil (from SE Bahia, S Espírito Santo), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (to N Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Synallaxis albigularis Dark-breasted Spinetail
rodolphei J. Bond, 1956 S Colombia (SW Meta to Putumayo), NE Ecuador (Sucumbíos, N Napo) [Bond, 1956 #432]
albigularis P.L. Sclater, 1858266 vE Ecuador (from S Napo), SE Colombia (S Amazonas), E Peru (Amazonas to Madre de Dios), W Brazil (along R. Amazon to R. Negro)
Synallaxis beverlyae 267  Hilty & Ascanio, 2009 Rio Orinoco Spinetail
Venezuela (lower and middle R. Orinoco), E Colombia [Hilty, 2009 #11789]
Synallaxis albescens Pale-breasted Spinetail
latitabunda Bangs, 1907268 vSW Costa Rica, Panama, NW Colombia (Gulf of Urubá)
insignis J.T. Zimmer, 1935 vN and C Colombia (Cauca, Magdalena valleys, Boyacá), W Venezuela (S Apure)
occipitalis von Madarász, 1903 vNW and N Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá, W Mérida, NW Táchira, Falcón, Yaracuy, Carabobo to Miranda), NE Colombia (Norte de Santander, Santander)
littoralis Todd, 1948 vN Colombia (coast)
perpallida Todd, 1916 vN Colombia (Guajira Pen.) and NW Venezuela (NW Zulia east to W Falcón, south to N shore of Lake Maracaibo and Lara)
nesiotis A.H. Clark, 1902 N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts.); N Venezuela (Sucre, Isla de Margarita, Isla Cubagua)
trinitatis J.T. Zimmer, 1935269 N Venezuela (S Táchira to Anzoátegui, Monagas, N Amazonas), Trinidad
josephinae C. Chubb, 1919 S Venezuela (C Amazonas, C and S Bolívar, S Delta Amacuro), Guyana, Surinam, N Brazil (N Roraima)
inaequalis J.T. Zimmer, 1935270 vFrench Guiana, NC Brazil (R. Amazon between R. Madeira and R. Tapajós)
albescens Temminck, 1823 S and E Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí, Pernambuco to W Minas Gerais, N São Paulo, west to Mato Grosso), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
australis J.T. Zimmer, 1935271 vSE Peru (Madre de Dios), N and E Bolivia (Beni to Tarija, Santa Cruz), W Paraguay, N and C Argentina (to La Pampa, Buenos Aires)
Synallaxis frontalis 272,273  von Pelzeln, 1859 Sooty-fronted Spinetail
vE, S and SE Brazil, Bolivia, N and C Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay
Synallaxis azarae274 Azara's Spinetail
1 elegantior P.L. Sclater, 1862 vE Andes of Colombia, W Venezuela (Trujillo, SE Lara to Táchira)
1 media Chapman, 1914 vW and C Andes of Colombia to Ecuador (to Cotopaxi, Zamora-Chinchipe); ? N Peru (NE Cajamarca)
1 ochracea J.T. Zimmer, 1936275 vW slope of Andes in SW Ecuador (from Guayas, S Chimborazo), NW Peru (Tumbes to Lambayeque)
1 fruticicola Taczanowski, 1880 N Peru (Cajamarca to Marañón valley in La Libertad)
2 infumata J.T. Zimmer, 1925 vAndes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Junín)
2 urubambae J.T. Zimmer, 1935 SE Peru (Cuzco)
2 azarae d'Orbigny, 1835276 Andes of S Peru (Puno) to C Bolivia (La Paz to NW Santa Cruz)
3 samaipatae J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1941 Andes of S Bolivia (C Santa Cruz to Tarija)
3 superciliosa Cabanis, 1883 vAndes of NW Argentina (Jujuy to Catamarca)
Synallaxis courseni 277  Blake, 1971 Apurimac Spinetail
iAndes of S Peru (upper Apurímac valley in N Apurímac) [Blake, 1971 #324]
Synallaxis propinqua 278  von Pelzeln, 1859 White-bellied Spinetail
vFrench Guiana; SE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru, Amazonian Brazil, NE Bolivia (lower R. Beni)

1 Composition and sequence of subfamilies largely derived from Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349]. Sequence of genera follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852]. The subfamily Scleruridae has been elevated to family rank following Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813], Derryberry et al. (2011)
2 Depending on the gene used Xenops sensu stricto is sometimes recovered as sister to Furnariidae and sometimes as sister to Dendrocolaptidae; see Irestedt et al. (2006) [Irestedt, 2006 #9898], Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
3 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
4 Possibly comprises more than one species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
5 Future analyses may show that all variation in Middle America is clinal and that all named taxa there should be synonyms of mexicanus; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
6 Since it was named this has been widely overlooked.
7 Many described subspecies may represent only clinal variation; further analyses badly needed, see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
8 Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] employed the name rutilans but used the date 1821 (the date of publication of the plate with the name was spelled rutilus on the wrapper); the other spelling was used in the later text; see Dickinson (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13236]. That is an incorrect subsequent spelling. The spelling rutilus was used by Hellmayr (1925) [Hellmayr, 1925 #106
9 For correct date see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
10 Formerly treated in Xenops but see Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813]. See also Irestedt et al. (2009) [Irestedt, 2009 #11970], Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Ohlson et al. (2013) [Ohlson, 2013 #14349].
11 For new composition of this genus and inclusion of Chilia and Eremobius, see Fjeldså et al. (2007) [Fjeldså, 2007 #9848], Chesser et al. (2007, 2009) [Chesser, 2007 #9790], [Chesser, 2009 #11931] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
12 Formerly placed in Upucerthia, but see Fjeldså et al. (2007) [Fjeldså, 2007 #9848], Chesser et al. (2007, 2009) [Chesser, 2007 #9790], [Chesser, 2009 #11931] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
13 Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Chilia, but see Fjeldså et al. (2007) [Fjeldså, 2007 #9848], Chesser et al. (2007, 2009) [Chesser, 2007 #9790], [Chesser, 2009 #11931] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
14 Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Eremobius, but see Fjeldså et al. (2007) [Fjeldså, 2007 #9848], Chesser et al. (2007, 2009) [Chesser, 2007 #9790], [Chesser, 2009 #11931] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
15 Includes panamensis; see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
16 Possibly a separate species; see Robbins & Ridgely (1990) [Robbins, 1990 #12455], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
17 Forms a superspecies with P. lawrencii; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
18 Mlíkovský (2009) [Mlíkovský, 2009 #11980] suggested that Lesson was the author of this name and of the whole paper; this is incorrect.
19 Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] used the name oberholseri Cory, 1912 [Cory, 1912 #4369] for this subspecies. But see Deignan (1961) [Deignan, 1961 #1244].
20 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
21 Includes pallidus; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
22 Vaurie (1980) included Premnornis and Premnoplex in Margarornis. Genetic data in Irestedt et al. (2006) [Irestedt, 2006 #9898], Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852], however, indicate that Premnornis is not a member of that group of genera.
23 The genus Ochetorhynchus was used for T. harterti and T. certhioides by Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] who transferred these two species from Upucerthia to Ochetorhynchus; however, the type species of that, O. ruficaudus, was found to be unrelated, see Chesser & Brumfield (2007) [Chesser, 2007 #10144].
24 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] considered T. harterti and T. certhioides as conspecific, but see Kratter et al. (1993) [Kratter, 1993 #12456] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
25 Forms a superspecies with T. harterti; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
26 One or more of the subspecies possibly not tenable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
27 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
28 Considered by Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] to be a colour morph of F. leucopus, but see Zimmer (1936) [Zimmer, 1936 #9527] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
29 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
30 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
31 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with F. torridus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
32 For treatment as a separate species (with endoecus as a subspecies), from F. leucopus see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443].
33 For treatment as a separate species from F. leucopus see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
34 For correct date of publication see Browning & Monroe (1991).
35 This name may have been applied to birds from the zone of intergradation between tricolor and assimilis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
36 For reasons to date this 1860 see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
37 Dual original spellings; selection by original author; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
38 Includes schuhmacheri; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
39 Includes juninensis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
40 For reasons to date this 1860 see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
41 Formerly placed in Upucerthia, but see Chesser et al. (2009) [Chesser, 2009 #11931].
42 For a circumscription of a reduced genus see Fjeldså et al. (2007) [Fjeldså, 2007 #9848] and Chesser et al. (2007) [Chesser, 2007 #9790].
43 For treatment as a separate species from U. dumetaria, see Esteban (1951) [Esteban, 1951 #12449], Areta & Pearman (2009) [Areta, 2009 #11814] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
44 Includes hallinani; see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570].
45 For continued treatment of jelskii and saturata as subspecies of U. validirostris, see Areta & Pearman (2009, 2013) [Areta, 2009 #11814], [Areta, 2013 #14329].
46 Includes pallida; see Areta & Pearman (2013) [Areta, 2013 #14329].
47 Includes rufescens Nores, 1986 [Nores, 1986 #2780]; see Areta & Pearman (2013) [Areta, 2013 #14329].
48 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852]. See also Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #745] and Sanín et al. (2009) [Sanín, 2009 #11929].
49 Described as a separate species but not accepted at that rank by S.A.C.C.
50 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with C. comechingonus and C. pabsti, but see Sanín et al. (2009) [Sanín, 2009 #11929] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
51 For continued treatment of comechingonus as a separate species from C. fuscus, see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #745] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
52 For treatment as a separate species from C. fuscus, see Sanín et al. (2009) [Sanín, 2009 #11929] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
53 Includes paramo; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
54 For continued treatment as a separate species from C. oustaleti or C. fuscus see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]; but see Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #745].
55 For treatment as a separate species from C. fuscus, see Sanín et al. (2009) [Sanín, 2009 #11929] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
56 Includes longipennis and rivularis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
57 For recognition see Nores (1986) [Nores, 1986 #2780] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], but see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570].
58 For recognition see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
59 For recognition see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
60 For recognition see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
61 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with C. olrogi, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
62 For treatment as a separate species from C. excelsior see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
63 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
64 Evidence for treatment of C. taczanowskii as a separate species from C. nigrofumosus is weak; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] and Chesser (2004) [Chesser, 2004 #745].
65 Forms a superspecies with C. taczanowskii; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
66 For transfer from Automolus see Kratter & Parker (1997) [Kratter, 1997 #2283]. For corroboration from genetic data; see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
67 Overlooked by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015]; for recognition see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
68 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] included Heliobletus in Xenops; however, genetic data (Irestedt et al. 2006 [Irestedt, 2006 #9898], Moyle et al. 2009 [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. 2011 [Derryberry, 2011 #12852]) indicate that Heliobletus belongs in the Philydorinae.
69 Penhallurick (2011) [Penhallurick, 2011 #13246] proposed H. c. elizabethae as a new name for nominate contaminatus. The proposal, which is not straightforward, awaits evaluation by S.A.C.C. as the species name is potentially affected.
70 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
71 The genus Philydor as currently composed is paraphyletic, with only atricapillus, novaesi (presumably) and pyrrhodes remaining in the genus; see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
72 Considered by Teixeira & Gonzaga (1983) [Teixeira, 1983 #3809] and Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with P. novaesi.
73 See Hilty & Brown (1986) [Hilty, 1986 #1967], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272], and A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9] for rationale for treating this as a separate species from P. erythrocercum, thus returning to the classification of Hellmayr (1925) [Hellmayr, 1925 #1063].
74 Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found P. fuscipenne and P. erythrocercum as sisters, the two being sister to Megaxenops parnaguae.
75 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
76 The date 1886 in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was a typographical error.
77 Treated as a separate species by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
78 Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found this to be sister to P. rufum, the two being sister to Ancistrops strigilatus.
79 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
80 For reasons to date this 1860 see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
81 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] included Anabacerthia in a broadly defined Philydor, and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443] suspected that Anabacerthia might even belong in narrowly defined Philydor. But see Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
82 For changed composition of this genus and species sequence, see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
83 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with A. variegaticeps, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
84 For transfer from Philydor see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
85 For reasons to date this 1860 see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
86 Formerly considered conspecific with A. striaticollis, but see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] and Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153]. This is confirmed by genetic data; see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
87 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9].
88 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
89 For treatment as subspecies of A. variegaticeps see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676]. But see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
90 All geographic variation in this species may be clinal, see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]; three subspecies are maintained provisionally following Parkes (1974) [Parkes, 1974 #12447].
91 For transfer from Philydor see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
92 Not recognised by Hellmayr (1925) [Hellmayr, 1925 #1063] or Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], but see Parkes (1974) [Parkes, 1974 #12447] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
93 For changed composition of this genus and inclusion of Simoxenops, see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
94 Includes similis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
95 Syndactyla mirandae was shown to be a synonym of S. dimidiata by Novaes (1953) [Novaes, 1953 #2784].
96 For transfer from Philydor to Syndactyla, see Robbins & Zimmer (2005) [Robbins, 2005 #3355]. This confirmed by genetic data; see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
97 Includes baeri; see Lopes & Gonzaga (2014) [Lopes, 2014 #15567].
98 For transfer from Automolus to Syndactyla, see Zimmer et al. (2008) [Zimmer, 2008 #11077]. For corroboration by genetic data see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
99 Includes Philydor hylobius Wetmore & Phelps, Jr., 1956 [Wetmore, 1956 #4140], which is an erythristic specimen of this species; see Dickerman et al. (1986) [Dickerman, 1986 #15630].
100 For the use of this name in place of albigularis, see Eisenmann in Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] note 144 on p. 342.
101 Includes colligata and ruficrissa; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
102 For reasons to transfer this species from Automolus, see Parker et al. (1985) [Parker, 1985 #2907]. For corroboration by genetic data; see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
103 Includes celicae; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
104 Considered by A.O.U. (1983) [A.O.U., 1983 #8] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with S. subalaris, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
105 Includes Megaxenops ferrugineus Berlioz, 1966 [Berlioz, 1966 #289]; see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
106 Considered to form a superspecies with S. striata by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
107 Formerly placed in Simoxenops, but see Robbins & Zimmer (2005) [Robbins, 2005 #3355] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
108 Formerly placed in Simoxenops, but see Robbins & Zimmer (2005) [Robbins, 2005 #3355] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
109 Includes cognitus; see Gyldenstolpe (1945, 1951) [Gyldenstolpe, 1945 #1844], [Gyldenstolpe, 1951 #1846].
110 For changed composition of this genus and inclusion of Hylocryptus, see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
111 Formerly placed in Hylocryptus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
112 Formerly placed in Hylocryptus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
113 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
114 Probably comprises more than one species; see A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9], Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443], Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796]. Species groups follow Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
115 Formerly placed in Automolus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
116 Includes umbrinus; see Monroe (1968) [Monroe, 1968 #2706].
117 Includes moderatus; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
118 For treatment as a separate species from C. rubiginosus, see Krabbe (2008) [Krabbe, 2008 #11865].
119 Formerly placed in Automolus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
120 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
121 Considered to form a superspecies with T. scrutator; see Parker et al. (1985) [Parker, 1985 #2907], Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]. But Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] suggested that they should be considered conspecific.
122 Doubtfully diagnosable from nominate holostictus; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
123 For changed composition of this genus and inclusion of Hyloctistes, see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] and Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
124 Includes proposed subspecies maynanus Hellmayr, 1903 [Hellmayr, 1903 #14498]; see Hellmayr (1925) [Hellmayr, 1925 #1063] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
125 Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] suggested that Trans-Andean populations, the virgatus group, and Amazonian populations might merit species rank based on vocal differences; see also Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443].
126 Includes amusos; see Monroe (1968) [Monroe, 1968 #2706].
127 May comprise two species; see Claramunt et al. (2013) [Claramunt, 2013 #14796].
128 For treatment as a separate species from A. infuscatus, see Zimmer (2002) [Zimmer, 2002 #4327].
129 For treatment as a separate species from A. leucophthalmus, see Zimmer (2008) [Zimmer, 2008 #12083].
130 Considered to form a superspecies with A. infuscatus, A. paraensis and A. lammi; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Zimmer (2002) [Zimmer, 2002 #4327] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
131 Forms a superspecies with P. tatei; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
132 Includes distinctus and mnionophilus Wetmore, 1951 [Wetmore, 1951 #4134]; see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
133 For recognition see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153] and LeCroy & Sloss (2000) [LeCroy, 2000 #2354]. Omitted by Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
134 Includes albescens; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]. But see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
135 For treatment as a separate species from P. brunnescens, see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676], Areta (2007) [Areta, 2007 #9751] and Pérez-Emán et al. (2010) [Pérez-Emán, 2010 #12556].
136 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]. See also Pérez-Emán et al. (2010) [Pérez-Emán, 2010 #12556].
137 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
138 Considered by A.O.U. (1983) [A.O.U., 1983 #8] to form a superspecies with M. stellatus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
139 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with M. bellulus, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
140 Doubtfully maintained as a separate species from M. squamiger by the A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], but see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
141 Validity questioned by Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], but see Gonzalez & Wink (2010) [Gonzalez, 2010 #14861].
142 Original spelling; no internal evidence permits emendation.
143 For spelling correction and possible need to date this 1844 see Gregory & Dickinson (2012) [Gregory, 2012 #13835].
144 Published by Gay before the Iconographie of Des Murs, and no later than 1845, see Gregory & Dickinson (2012) [Gregory, 2012 #13835].
145 Dates from Gay's plate, published ahead of the text; see Gregory & Dickinson (2012) [Gregory, 2012 #13835]. They also noted that Gay's spelling was as given here and not desmuri as used by Sherborn (1925) [Sherborn, 1925 #15082].
146 Usually placed in Leptasthenura, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
147 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
148 Treated as a subspecies of L. pileata by Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972], but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
149 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with L. xenothorax, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
150 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
151 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
152 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
153 May comprise more than one species; see Jaramillo (2003) [Jaramillo, 2003 #13739].
154 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
155 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with P. sibilatrix, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
156 Subspecies groups based on Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
157 Treated as a separate species by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and Hilty (2003) [Hilty, 2003 #12443].
158 For date of publication see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
159 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
160 Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] suggested that peruvianus should be treated as a separate species.
161 Includes fargoi; see Gyldenstolpe (1945) [Gyldenstolpe, 1945 #1845].
162 For treatment as a separate species from P. striaticollis, see Nores & Yzurieta (1981) [Nores, 1981 #15564] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272]. Corroborated by genetic data in Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
163 For treatment as a species separate from P. erythrophthalmus, see Simon et al. (2008) [Simon, 2008 #10951].
164 For treatment of this genus as separate from Synallaxis or Cranioleuca, as in Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], see Braun & Parker (1985) [Braun, 1985 #468], Irestedt et al. (2006) [Irestedt, 2006 #9898], Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
165 Doubtfully distinct from nominate gularis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
166 Genetic data in Irestedt et al. (2006) [Irestedt, 2006 #9898], Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] support a sister relationship between Anumbius and Coryphistera.
167 Includes machrisi Stager, 1959 [Stager, 1959 #3690]; see Straube (1994) [Straube, 1994 #3756].
168 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
169 For changed composition of this genus and inclusion of Schizoeaca and Oreophylax and sequence of species, see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
170 This species includes at least three taxa arequipae, usheri, huancavelicae that should almost certainly be ranked as separate species, as they were by Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
171 May be better treated as a subspecies of A. dorbignyi; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
172 Species possibly monotypic; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
173 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with A. wyatti and A. sclateri, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
174 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with A. virgata and A. maculicauda.
175 Includes pallida; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
176 Considered a subspecies of A. flammulata by Vuilleumier (1968) [Vuilleumier, 1968 #12453], but see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972].
177 For recognition see Nores (1986) [Nores, 1986 #2780] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
178 Includes navasi Contreras, 1979 [Contreras, 1979 #1046]; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
179 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
180 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
181 Although most authors agree that A. wyatti, A. sclateri, and A. anthoides are closely related, species limits within this group are contentious; see Krabbe (2000) [Krabbe, 2000 #2278] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]. Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found A. wyatti and A. sclateri to be sister species with A. anthoides sister to A. hudsoni.
182 For transfer of punensis, cuchacanchae and lilloi from A. wyatti, as treated in Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], to this species see Navas & Bo (1982) [Navas, 1982 #2754] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
183 Treated as a separate species by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], with cuchacanchae and lilloi as subspecies.
184 Formerly placed in a monotypic genus Oreophylax, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
185 For confirmation of date see Miranda-Ribeiro (1923) [Miranda-Ribeiro, 1923 #14303].
186 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with A. baeri, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
187 Provisionally includes flavogularis and affinis; see Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570]; however, the name leptasthenuroides Lillo, 1905, a senior synonym of affinis, requires revisiting, see Olrog (1958) [Olrog, 1958 #2822].
188 For continued treatment as a separate species from A. palpebralis, see Remsen (1981) [Remsen, 1981 #3242], Braun & Parker (1985) [Braun, 1985 #468] and Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
189 A. harterti, A. coryi, A. perijana, A. fuliginosa, A. griseomurina, A. helleri, A. palpebralis and A. vilcabambae formerly placed in Schizoeaca, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
190 Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] noted that A. fuliginosa is probably a paraphyletic species with respect to A. griseomurina, whose range lies between the two northern subspecies and the two southern subspecies.
191 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with A. perijana, A. coryi, A. griseomurina, A. palpebralis, A. vilcabambae, A. helleri and A. harterti, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
192 Treated as a valid taxon by Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] and Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477]; see also Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570].
193 For continued treatment as a separate species from A. palpebralis, see Remsen (1981) [Remsen, 1981 #3242], Braun & Parker (1985) [Braun, 1985 #468] and Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
194 For continued treatment as a separate species from A. pudibunda see Vaurie (1971, 1980) [Vaurie, 1971 #12444], [Vaurie, 1980 #3972].
195 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with A. heterura and A. ottonis, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
196 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
197 For treatment as a separate species from A. fuliginosa, see Remsen (1981) [Remsen, 1981 #3242] and Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
198 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
199 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with X. minlosi.
200 Merged into Margarornis by Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972], but see Rudge & Raikow (1992) [Rudge, 1992 #3414] and Areta (2007) [Areta, 2007 #9751]. Moyle et al. (2009) [Moyle, 2009 #11813] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found that it is not closely related to Margarornis but rather to Thripophaga.
201 For treatment as monotypic, as in Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], see Remsen 2003 [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
202 Formerly placed in Cranioleuca, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
203 Includes peruviana and hyposticta, both may be valid subspecies; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
204 Possibly comprises more than one species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] and Hilty et al. (2013) [Hilty, 2013 #14336].
205 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] merged Limnoctites into Limnornis, but they are not closely related; see Olson et al. (2005) [Olson, 2005 #9996] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
206 Sequence of species follows Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852]. See also García-Moreno et al. (1999) [García-Moreno, 1999 #1654].
207 Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found this to be sister to Limnoctites rectirostris.
208 Forms a superspecies with C. marcapatae; see Remsen (1984) [Remsen, 1984 #3244], Garcia-Moreno et al. (1999) [Garcia-Moreno, 1999 #1654] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
209 For treatment as a separate species from C. vulpina, see Zimmer (1997) [Zimmer, 1997 #4322] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
210 Formerly placed in Thripophaga, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
211 Probably a separate species; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
212 Includes alopecias; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
213 For continued treatment as a separate species from C. pyrrhophia, see Claramunt (2002) [Claramunt, 2002 #974] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
214 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with C. henricae and C. obsoleta, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
215 Species limits in C. antisiensis and C. baroni are controversial; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
216 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] to form a superspecies with C. demissa, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
217 Includes furcata, treated as a species by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015], see Graves (1986) [Graves, 1986 #12454], who identified the type as an immature bird and, acting as First Reviser, gave precedence to the name cisandina over the name furcata both having been named in the same work.
218 Includes goyana; see Teixeira & Luiji (1989) [Teixeira, 1989 #12446].
219 Described from only 2 specimens, poorly known and further research desirable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
220 Species in this genus were formerly placed in Asthenes, but see Derryberry et al. (2010, 2011) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145], [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
221 For recognition see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
222 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] not only considered Pseudasthenes cactorum conspecific with Asthenes modesta but also did not even consider P. cactorum to represent a distinct subspecies of A. modesta. However, Derryberry et al. (2010) [Derryberry, 2010 #12145] showed that cactorum and modesta were not even congeneric.
223 Includes monticola Koepcke, 1965 [Koepcke, 1965 #2257] and lachayensis Koepcke, 1965 [Koepcke, 1965 #2257]; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
224 For treatment as a separate species from P. cristata, see Zimmer & Whittaker (2000) [Zimmer, 2000 #4325].
225 Forms a superspecies with P. unirufa; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
226 Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] included Schoeniophylax in Synallaxis, but see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191]. Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found this to be sister to the Certhiaxis and Synallaxis clade.
227 For changed composition of this genus and inclusion of Poecilurus, Siptornopsis and Gyalophylax, see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
228 S. scutata, S. kollari and S. candei were formerly placed in a separate genus Poecilurus, but see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] and Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
229 Includes teretiala Oren, 1985 [Oren, 1985 #2868]; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
230 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
231 Forms a superspecies with S. maranonica and S. albilora; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
232 For treatment as a separate species from S. gujanensis see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
233 For treatment as a separate species from S. gujanensis, see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
234 This subspecies is moved here from the species S. gujanensis; see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
235 Treated as a separate species by Ridgely & Tudor (2009) [Ridgely, 2009 #12008].
236 Considered by Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with S. kollari, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
237 Includes furtiva; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
238 Forms a superspecies with S. castanea and S. fuscorufa; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
239 May deserve treatment as a separate species; see Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477].
240 For treatment as a separate species from S. unirufa, see Vaurie & Schwartz (1972) [Vaurie, 1972 #8369].
241 Some of the subspecies may be doubtfully diagnosable; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
242 May be a separate species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
243 For recognition see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
244 This name replaced rufogularis Cherrie, 1916, which was preoccupied by S. rufogularis Gould, 1839. For the choice of the species epithet, between cherriei and napoensis see Art. 24.1 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059].
245 The date 1916 given in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was miscopied.
246 Formerly placed in a monotypic genus Siptornopsis, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
247 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
248 Probably merits species rank, see Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
249 Proposed subspecies jaraguana refers to misidentified specimens of S. hypospodia; see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972].
250 Includes chapmani, see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], but see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
251 Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] cited the original spelling as nigrofumosa but apparently in error.
252 For recognition see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
253 Formerly placed in a monotypic genus Gyalophylax, but see Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
254 Pacheco & Gonzaga (1995) [Pacheco, 1995 #4419] suggested that this forms a superspecies with S. whitneyi and S. infuscata, but see Batalha-Filho et al. (2013) [Batalha-Filho, 2013 #14684].
255 Includes S. whitneyi Pacheco & Gonzaga, 1995 [Pacheco, 1995 #4419]; see Whitney & Pacheco (2001) [Whitney, 2001 #4203] and Bauernfeind et al. (2014) [Bauernfeind, 2014 #15599]. But see Stopiglia & Raposo (2006) [Stopiglia, 2006 #10083] and Stopiglia & Raposo (2008) [Stopiglia, 2008 #15610].
256 For placement in the linear sequence see Batalha-Filho et al. (2013) [Batalha-Filho, 2013 #14684]; however this may not deserve species rank see Stopiglia et al. (2013) [Stopiglia, 2013 #14408].
257 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191] to form a superspecies with S. macconnelli and S. cabanisi.
258 Subspecies groups follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
259 For treatment as a separate species from S. ruficapilla see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972], Pacheco & Gonzaga (1995) [Pacheco, 1995 #4419] and Batalha-Filho et al. (2013) [Batalha-Filho, 2013 #14684].
260 For position in the linear sequence see Batalha-Filho et al. (2013) [Batalha-Filho, 2013 #14684].
261 For treatment as a separate species from S. cabanisi see Vaurie (1971) [Vaurie, 1971 #12444] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
262 Includes yavii; see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972], but see also Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
263 Includes griseipectus; see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972] and Mees (1987) [Mees, 1987 #2632].
264 See Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477] for a summary of the confusing history of this taxon.
265 Includes jaraguana, erroneously described as a subspecies of S. brachyura; see Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972].
266 Includes pullata Ripley, 1955 [Ripley, 1955 #3304]; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
267 Relationships uncertain but probably closest to S. albescens or S. albigularis; see Hilty & Ascanio (2009) [Hilty, 2009 #11789].
268 Includes hypoleuca; see Wetmore (1972) [Wetmore, 1972 #4153].
269 Not recognised by Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191], but see Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477].
270 Includes griseonota; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
271 May be a separate species; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
272 Includes S. poliophrys; see Vaurie (1971) [Vaurie, 1971 #3971].
273 Includes fuscipennis; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
274 Treated as 2 species (S. azarae and S. superciliosa) by Peters (1951) [Peters, 1951 #3015] and as 3 species (S. elegantior, S. azarae, S. superciliosa) by Vaurie (1980) [Vaurie, 1980 #3972], but see Remsen et al. (1990) [Remsen, 1990 #3243] and Ridgely & Tudor (1994) [Ridgely, 1994 #3272].
275 Perhaps not diagnosable from elegantior; see Remsen (2003) [Remsen, 2003 #12191].
276 Includes carabayae; see Remsen et al. (1990) [Remsen, 1990 #3243].
277 See Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] for close relationship to, and possible conspecificity with, S. azarae. See also Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852].
278 Derryberry et al. (2011) [Derryberry, 2011 #12852] found this to be sister to Schoeniophylax phryganophilus.
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