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MELANOCHARITIDAE - Berrypeckers1,2,3 (4:10)
MELANOCHARIS P.L. Sclater, 1858 F - Dicaeum niger Lesson, 1830; type by monotypy   
†? Melanocharis arfakiana   (Finsch, 1900) Obscure Berrypecker
vLower and mid montane NW, N, EC, NE and SE New Guinea (mountains of Vogelkop and Huon Pen., Central Highlands, Adelbert Range, Wharton Range)
Melanocharis nigra Black Berrypecker
pallida Stresemann & Paludan, 1932 vWaigeo (Western Papuan Is.)
nigra (Lesson, 1830) vMisool, Salawati, lowland NW New Guinea (Vogelkop and neck)
unicolor Salvadori, 1878 Lowland to lower montane N, NE and SE New Guinea, Yapen I., Mios Num I.
chloroptera Salvadori, 1876 vLowland SW and SC New Guinea, Aru Is.
Melanocharis longicauda Lemon-breasted Berrypecker/Mid-mountain Berrypecker
longicauda Salvadori, 1876 Mid montane NW New Guinea (mountains of Vogelkop and Wondiwoi Pen.)
chloris Stresemann & Paludan, 1934 Mid montane WC New Guinea (Kobowre Mts. and S slopes of Maoke Mts.)
umbrosa Rand, 19414 vMid montane WC and N New Guinea (outer N slopes of Maoke Mts.; (?) Foya Mts. and North Coast Ranges)
captata Mayr, 1931 vMid montane EC, NE and SE New Guinea (Central Highlands to Herzog Range; mountains of Huon Pen.)
orientalis Mayr, 1931 vMid montane SE New Guinea (except Herzog Range)
Melanocharis versteri Fan-tailed Berrypecker
versteri (Finsch, 1876) Upper montane NW New Guinea (mountains of Vogelkop)
meeki (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1911) Upper montane WC and EC New Guinea (Kobowre Mts. and Maoke Mts. to Star Mts. and Hindenburg Range)
virago (Stresemann, 1923)5 Upper montane EC, N and NE New Guinea (Central Highlands from Victor Emanuel Range to Kratke Range, North Coast Ranges, mountains of Huon Pen.; ? Foya Mts. and Cyclops Mts.)
maculiceps (De Vis, 1898) Upper montane SE New Guinea (west to Herzog Range)
Melanocharis striativentris Streaked Berrypecker
axillaris (Mayr, 1931) vMontane WC New Guinea (Kobowre Mts. and Maoke Mts.)
chrysocome (Mayr, 1931) Montane NE New Guinea (mountains of Huon Pen.)
striativentris Salvadori, 18946 vMontane EC and SE New Guinea (west to Central Highlands)
RHAMPHOCHARIS Salvadori, 1876 F - Rhamphocharis crassirostris Salvadori, 1876; type by monotypy   7
Rhamphocharis crassirostris Spotted Berrypecker
crassirostris Salvadori, 1876 vMontane NW, WC and EC New Guinea (mountains of Doberai Pen.; Foya Mts.; Kobowre Mts. and Maoke Mts. to Hindenburg Range)
viridescens Mayr, 1931 Montane SE New Guinea (Herzog Range)
piperata (De Vis, 1898) vMontane EC, NE and SE New Guinea (Central Highlands to Owen Stanley Range, excluding Herzog Range; mountains of Huon Pen.)
OEDISTOMA Salvadori, 1876 N - Oedistoma pygmaeum Salvadori, 1876; type by original designation   8
Oedistoma iliolophus Plumed Longbill
cinerascens (Stresemann & Paludan, 1932) Waigeo (Western Papuan Is.)
affine (Salvadori, 1876) vLower montane NW New Guinea (mountains of Vogelkop)
iliolophus (Salvadori, 1876)9 δLowland to lower montane N, WC, EC and NE New Guinea (Cenderawasih Bay and N slopes of central cordillera to Huon Gulf), Yapen I., Mios Num I.
flavum (Mayr & Rand, 1935) vLowland to lower montane SW, SC and SE New Guinea
fergussonis (E. Hartert, 1896)10 δD'Entrecasteaux Arch. (off SE New Guinea)
Oedistoma pygmaeum Pygmy Longbill
waigeuense Salomonsen, 1966 vWaigeo (Western Papuan Is.)
pygmaeum Salvadori, 187611 vMisool, lowland New Guinea
meeki (E. Hartert, 1896) D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (off SE New Guinea)
TOXORHAMPHUS Stresemann, 1914 M - Cinnyris novaeguineae Lesson, 1827; type by original designation   12
Toxorhamphus novaeguineae Yellow-bellied Longbill
novaeguineae (Lesson, 1827) Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool, lowland to lower montane NW and N New Guinea (east to Astrolabe Bay), Yapen I.
flaviventris (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1911) vLowland to lower montane SW and SC New Guinea (east to Gulf of Papua), Aru Is.
Toxorhamphus poliopterus Slaty-headed Longbill
maximus Rand, 1941 vMontane WC New Guinea (Kobowre Mts. and Maoke Mts.)
poliopterus (Sharpe, 1882)13,14 vMontane EC, N, NE and SE New Guinea (Central Highlands to Owen Stanley Range; Adelbert Range; mountains of Huon Pen.)

1 For valid proposal of family-group name see Coates (1990) [Coates, 1990 #1003].
2 As currently circumscribed includes genera Melanocharis and Rhamphocharis from the Dicaeidae and genera Oedistoma and Toxorhamphus from the Meliphagidae; see Sibley & Ahlquist (1985) [Sibley, 1985 #3634] and Christidis et al. (1993) [Christidis, 1993 #15371].
3 Species and subspecies treatments follow Salomonsen (1960, 1967a and 1967b) [Salomonsen, 1960 #7708], [Salomonsen, 1967 #3454], [Salomonsen, 1967 #3455] except where indicated.
4 Subspecific identity of Foya Mts. and North Coast Range populations requires confirmation.
5 Subspecific identities of populations in Foya and Cyclops Mts., need clarification along with validity of this subspecies; see Gilliard & LeCroy (1961) [Gilliard, 1961 #6246] and Diamond (1972) [Diamond, 1972 #1318].
6 Includes prasina; see Schodde (1978) [Schodde, 1978 #3507].
7 Included in Melanocharis by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], but without justifying explanation.
8 We place this genus here following Sibley & Ahlquist (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3635].
9 Correct original spelling. Invariable. Spelling iliolophum in Salomonsen (1967) [Salomonsen, 1967 #3455] and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] wrongly changed to agree in gender.
10 Correct original spelling. Invariable. Spelling fergussone in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
11 Includes flavipectus and olivascens see Diamond (1972) [Diamond, 1972 #1318].
12 We place this genus here following Sibley & Ahlquist (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3635].
13 Includes septentrionalis; based on Mayr & Gilliard (1954) [Mayr, 1954 #7002] and Diamond (1972) [Diamond, 1972 #1318].
14 Dated from 1883 by Salomonsen (1967) [Salomonsen, 1967 #3455]. This is the volume date, but see Howes (1896) [Howes, 1896 #2022] for the part dates.
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