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ARTAMIDAE - Woodswallows, Butcherbirds and allies1 (6:24)
PELTOPSINAE
PELTOPS Wagler, 1829 M - Eurylaimus blainvillii Lesson & Garnot, 1827; type by original designation and monotypy   2
Peltops blainvillii   (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) Clicking Shieldbill/Lowland Peltops
iWaigeo, Salawati, Misool, lowland New Guinea
Peltops montanus   Stresemann, 1921 Tinkling Shieldbill/Mountain Peltops
vMontane New Guinea (mountains of Vogelkop, central cordillera, North Coast Ranges, Adelbert Range, mountains of Huon Pen.)
CRACTICINAE
STREPERA Lesson, 1831 F - Coracias strepera Latham, 1790; type by tautonymy = Corvus graculinus Shaw, 1790  3
Strepera fuliginosa Black Currawong
fuliginosa (Gould, 1837) vTasmania
parvior Schodde & Mason, 1999 vFlinders I. (off NE Tasmania) [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
colei Mathews, 19164 King I. (off NW Tasmania)
Strepera graculina Pied Currawong
magnirostris H.L. White, 19235 vNE Australia (E Cape York Pen.)
robinsoni Mathews, 1912 NE Queensland
graculina (Shaw, 1790) vEC Australia >> NE Australia
crissalis Sharpe, 1877 vLord Howe I.
nebulosa Schodde & Mason, 1999 vSE Australia >> EC Australia [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
ashbyi Mathews, 1913 SW Victoria
Strepera versicolor Grey Currawong
versicolor (Latham, 1801)6 αSE Australia
arguta Gould, 1846 vN and E Tasmania
melanoptera Gould, 18467 vSE South Australia (east from Mount Lofty Range), SW New South Wales and W Victoria
halmaturina Mathews, 19128 vKangaroo I. (off South Australia)
intermedia Sharpe, 1877 vSC South Australia (Eyre Pen. and Yorke Pen.)
plumbea Gould, 18469 vSW Australia
MELLORIA Mathews, 1912 F - Cracticus spaldingi Masters, 1878; type by original designation10
Melloria quoyi11 Black Butcherbird
1 quoyi (Lesson & Garnot, 1827)12 Waigeo, Salawati, Misool, lowland New Guinea (except Trans-Fly region)
1 alecto (Schodde & Mason, 1999) Aru Is., lowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region), N Torres Strait Is. [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
2 spaldingi (Masters, 1878)13 Coastal NC Australia (Cambridge Gulf to Blue Mud Bay), Melville I.
2 jardini (Mathews, 1912)14 Coastal NE Australia (N and E Cape York Pen.)
2 rufescens (De Vis, 1883) Coastal NE to EC Queensland
GYMNORHINA G.R. Gray, 1840 F - Coracias tibicen Latham, 1801; type by original designation   15
Gymnorhina tibicen16,17 Australian Magpie
1 papuana Bangs & J.L. Peters, 1926 vLowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region)
2 longirostris Milligan, 1903 vWC Western Australia (Pilbara region)
2 dorsalis A.J. Campbell, 1895 vSW Australia
2 telonocua Schodde & Mason, 199918 SC South Australia (South Australian gulfs) [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
3 hypoleuca (Gould, 1837) vE Tasmania, Flinders I.
3 tyrannica Schodde & Mason, 1999 vSE South Australia, S Victoria, King I. [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
3 tibicen (Latham, 1801)19,20 αNE to SE and C Australia (inland to C Australia, Lake Eyre and Murray-Darling basins, and south to N Victoria)21
3 eylandtensis H.L. White, 1922 vInland NW Australia (Kimberley Division to S Gulf of Carpentaria)
CRACTICUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Cassican-Calybé Buffon; type by monotypy = Ramphastos cassicus Boddaert, 1783  
Cracticus cassicus22 Hooded Butcherbird
cassicus (Boddaert, 1783) vGebe (N Moluccas), Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool, lowland New Guinea, islands in Cenderawasih Bay, Aru Is.
hercules Mayr, 1940 Trobriand Is. and D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (off SE New Guinea)
Cracticus louisiadensis   Tristram, 1889 Tagula Butcherbird
vTagula (Louisiade Arch.)
Cracticus nigrogularis23 Pied Butcherbird
picatus Gould, 184824 vNW, NC, W and C Australia
nigrogularis (Gould, 1837) vE Australia
Cracticus torquatus Grey Butcherbird
leucopterus Gould, 184825 vW, C, S and inland E Australia
torquatus (Latham, 1801)26,27 αvCoastal SE Australia
cinereus (Gould, 1837)28 vTasmania
Cracticus argenteus29 Silver-backed Butcherbird
argenteus Gould, 184130 vNW Australia (Kimberley Division)
colletti Mathews, 191231 NC Australia (Arnhem Land)
Cracticus mentalis Black-backed Butcherbird
mentalis Salvadori & D'Albertis, 187632 vLowland SC and SE New Guinea (Trans-Fly region and Port Moresby savanna)
kempi Mathews, 1912 NE Australia (Cape York Pen.)
ARTAMINAE
ARTAMUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Langraien Buffon; type by monotypy = Lanius leucoryn Linnaeus, 1771  33
Artamus personatus   (Gould, 1841) Masked Woodswallow
vInland Australia
Artamus superciliosus   (Gould, 1837) White-browed Woodswallow
vInland E to SC Australia
Artamus cyanopterus34 Dusky Woodswallow
cyanopterus (Latham, 1801)35 αvSC to SE Australia, Tasmania, Bass Strait Is. >> EC Australia
perthi (Mathews, 1915) SW to SC Australia
Artamus cinereus Black-faced Woodswallow
perspicillatus Bonaparte, 185036 vSemau and Timor to Sermata (Lesser Sundas)
melanops Gould, 186537 WC and NW to inland SE Australia
cinereus Vieillot, 1817 vSW Australia
normani (Mathews, 1923)38 Lowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region), NE Australia (C and S Cape York Pen. to inland NE Queensland)
inkermani Keast, 195839 EC Queensland
Artamus minor40 Little Woodswallow
derbyi Mathews, 191241 N to EC Australia
minor Vieillot, 1817 vWC and C Australia
Artamus maximus   A.B. Meyer, 1874 Great Woodswallow
vMontane New Guinea
Artamus leucoryn42 White-breasted Woodswallow
humei Stresemann, 1913 Coco Is. (off Myanmar), Andamans
amydrus Oberholser, 1917 vSW Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas (except Borneo), Kangean Is. (Java Sea)
albiventer (Lesson, 1831)43,44 αSulawesi and satellites, W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Timor and Wetar)
musschenbroeki A.B. Meyer, 1884 Babar, Tanimbar Is. (Lesser Sundas)
leucoryn (Linnaeus, 1771)45 δvPhilippines, Borneo
pelewensis Finsch, 1876 vBabeldaob (Palau)
leucopygialis Gould, 1842 vMoluccas, Aru Is., lowland New Guinea, N and E Australia (south to Murray-Darling basin)
melaleucus (Wagler, 1827) vNew Caledonia, Ile des Pins, Loyalty Is. (Lifou, Maré)
tenuis Mayr, 1943 vBanks Is. to Efaté (Vanuatu)
Artamus mentalis 46  Jardine, 1845 Fiji Woodswallow
vFiji (except Rotuma and S Lau Group)
Artamus insignis   P.L. Sclater, 1877 White-backed Woodswallow/Bismarck Woodswallow
vNew Britain, New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)
Artamus monachus 47  Bonaparte, 1850 Ivory-backed Woodswallow
iSulawesi, Banggai Is., Sula Is.
Artamus fuscus   Vieillot, 1817 Ashy Woodswallow
vS China, S Asia to Sri Lanka, continental SE Asia, N Thai-Malay Pen.

1 Sequence of genera and species follows Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690], modified by Aggerbeck et al. (2014) [Aggerbeck, 2014 #15380].
2 Inclusion in the Artamidae or placement next to it follows Sibley & Ahlquist (1984) [Sibley, 1984 #3633], Norman et al. (2009) [Norman, 2009 #11907], Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690] and Aggerbeck et al. (2014) [Aggerbeck, 2014 #15380].
3 For correct date of publication see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
4 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
5 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
6 For reasons to revert to 1801 and not use 1802 see Schodde et al. (2010) [Schodde, 2010 #12422].
7 The name howei attaches to intergrades between this and versicolor, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
8 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
9 Includes centralia, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
10 Recognition follows the well-supported phylogeny of Kearns et al. (2013) fig.3 [Kearns, 2013 #14690], which demonstrates that Melloria is sister to Gymnorhina, not to Cracticus, and at a branch depth deeper than among other congeneric species of this tribe.
11 DNA differentiation between heavy-billed New Guinean and fine-billed Australian populations may reflect speciation, see Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690], whose subspecies groups are followed.
12 North and south New Guinean populations may be separable, see Kearns et al. (2011) [Kearns, 2011 #13219], but geographic limits not established.
13 Art. 50.1.1 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] makes Masters the author not Ramsay.
14 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
15 Recognition based on morphology and behaviour summarised in Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524] and phylogeny of Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690]; but see Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602], Russell & Rowley (2009) [Russell, 2009 #12265]and comments in Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690].
16 Those regional forms differentiated by complex morphologies retained here following Amadon (1962) [Amadon, 1962 #9956], Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524] and Higgins et al. (2006) [Higgins, 2006 #13593], despite lack of differentiation in mtDNA and microsatellite loci, see Hughes et al. (2001) [Hughes, 2001 #15639] and Toon et al. [Toon, 2007 #15640].
17 Australian subspecies groups follow Toon et al. (2007) [Toon, 2007 #15640].
18 This name applies to the birds of the Yorke and Eyre peninsulas; those of south Australia, for which the name leuconota was employed, belong to an intergrading population see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
19 Includes finki and terraereginae, following Toon et al. (2007) [Toon, 2007 #15640], in combination with data in Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
20 For reasons to revert to 1801 and not use 1802 see Schodde et al. (2010) [Schodde, 2010 #12422].
21 Introduced to Solomons (Guadalcanal), New Zealand and Fiji.
22 Forms a superspecies with C. louisiadensis and C. nigrogularis, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
23 Subspecies follow Amadon (1951) [Amadon, 1951 #5752] and Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524], but differentiation weak and discordant with mtDNA data, see Kearns et al. (2010) [Kearns, 2010 #12533].
24 Includes kalgoorli see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
25 Paraphyletic according to Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690], but without distributional clarification, so circumscription of Amadon (1951) [Amadon, 1951 #5752] and Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524] retained.
26 Embedded in leucopterus by molecular phylogeny of Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690], but geographical sampling causing this unclear.
27 For reasons to revert to 1801 and not use 1802 see Schodde et al. (2010) [Schodde, 2010 #12422].
28 Embedded in leucopterus by molecular phylogeny of Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690].
29 Paraphyletic with respect to both C. torquatus and C. mentalis according to Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690], but without resolution, so arrangement provisionally retained after Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524]. But see Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602]. The data as presented by Kearns et al. (fig. 3) suggest that these three species may be a single species.
30 Includes latens Ford, 1979 [Ford, 1979 #1577] see Russell & Rowley (2009) [Russell, 2009 #12265].
31 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
32 For correct date see Poggi (1996, 2010) [Poggi, 1996 #10153], [Poggi, 2010 #12656].
33 Sequence of species derived from corroborated phylogenies across main lineages of the genus in Joseph et al. (2006) [Joseph, 2006 #9917] and Kearns et al. (2013) [Kearns, 2013 #14690].
34 Paraphyletic with respect to A. minor according to Joseph et al. (2006) [Joseph, 2006 #9917], but see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
35 For reasons to revert to 1801 and not use 1802 see Schodde et al. (2010) [Schodde, 2010 #12422].
36 Name in synonymy in Mayr (1962) [Mayr, 1962 #4716]. However, Mees (1982) [Mees, 1982 #2626] designating a lectotype transferred the name cinereus from Timor birds to those of SW Australia.
37 Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524] restricted the range of the nominate form, now in Australia, to a small area: retaining the bulk of the range as previously attributed, to melanops. But see Joseph & Wilke (2007) [Joseph, 2007 #13421].
38 For recognition, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
39 Includes dealbatus Schodde & Mason, 1999 [Schodde, 1999 #3524] as a prior name. The even earlier name hypoleucus Sharpe, see Mayr, (1962) [Mayr, 1962 #4716] is unavailable as it has been lectotypified from an intergrading population, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
40 Paraphyletic with respect to A. cyanopterus, with which this species is often considered to form a species pair, see Joseph et al. (2006) [Joseph, 2006 #9917].
41 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
42 Forms a superspecies with A. maximus, A. mentalis, A. insignis, A. monachus and A. fuscus, see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524] where altitudinal replacement is treated as allopatry.
43 Includes celebensis; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
44 For correct date of publication see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
45 Original spelling. Spellings leucorhynchus of Mayr (1962) [Mayr, 1962 #4716] and leucorynchus of Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] are unjustified. See Appendix 8.
46 For treatment as a separate as species from A. leucoryn see Eck (1974) [Eck, 1974 #12648] and Rowley & Russell (2009) [Rowley, 2009 #12264].
47 Includes sulaensis; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
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