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DICRURIDAE - Drongos (1:22)
DICRURUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Corvus balicassius Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1841, A List of the Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 47).   
Dicrurus ludwigii Square-tailed Drongo
sharpei Oustalet, 1879 Senegal to N DR Congo, S South Sudan, NW Uganda and W Kenya, south to lower R. Congo and NW Angola
muenzneri Reichenow, 1915 S Somalia, SE Kenya, E and S Tanzania
saturnus Clancey, 1976 C Angola, N Zambia, SE DR Congo [Clancey, 1976 #879]
tephrogaster Clancey, 1975 S Malawi, Mozambique, E Zimbabwe [Clancey, 1975 #877]
ludwigii (A. Smith, 1834) Extreme S Mozambique, E South Africa (E Mpumalanga to coastal Eastern Cape)
Dicrurus atripennis   Swainson, 1837 Shining Drongo
vW Guinea and Sierra Leone to W Togo; SW Nigeria to S PR Congo and NE DR Congo
Dicrurus adsimilis Fork-tailed Drongo
divaricatus (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) vS Mauritania and Senegal to S Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia, south to N DR Congo and N Uganda
fugax W. Peters, 1868 S Uganda and Kenya to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa
apivorus Clancey, 1976 vAngola, S DR Congo, W and S Zambia to Namibia, Botswana and adjacent N South Africa [Clancey, 1976 #878]
adsimilis (Bechstein, 1794)1 vSouth Africa (except N and NE)
Dicrurus modestus2 Velvet-mantled Drongo
atactus Oberholser, 1899 vSierra Leone to SW Nigeria
coracinus J. & E. Verreaux, 1851 vBioko; S Nigeria to W Kenya, south to C DR Congo, NW Angola
modestus Hartlaub, 1849 vPríncipe
Dicrurus fuscipennis   (A. Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1887) Comoro Drongo
vGrande Comore (Comoros)
Dicrurus aldabranus   (Ridgway, 1893) Aldabra Drongo
vAldabra
Dicrurus forficatus Crested Drongo
potior (Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1922) vAnjouan (Comoros)
forficatus (Linnaeus, 1766) vMadagascar
Dicrurus waldenii 3  Schlegel, 1865 α Mayotte Drongo
iMayotte (Comoros)
Dicrurus macrocercus Black Drongo
albirictus (Hodgson, 1836) SE Iran, E Afghanistan, S Xizang, Himalayan foothills, N and NE India, Bangladesh, W and N Myanmar >> S Asia
macrocercus Vieillot, 1817 vIndia (except N and NE)4
minor Blyth, 1850 vSri Lanka
cathoecus Swinhoe, 1871 vRussian Far East (?), NE, E and S China, E Xizang, continental SE Asia (except NW and S) >> mainland SE Asia, N Sumatra, NW Borneo
thai Kloss, 1921 S continental SE Asia
harterti E.C.S. Baker, 1918 Taiwan
javanus Kloss, 1921 vJava and Bali
Dicrurus leucophaeus Ashy Drongo
leucogenis (Walden, 1870) vC, NE and E China >> mainland SE Asia
salangensis Reichenow, 1890 vSC and SE China >> Hainan and mainland SE Asia
longicaudatus Jerdon, 1862 vNE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills (east to Sikkim) >> S India, Sri Lanka
hopwoodi E.C.S. Baker, 1918 SE Xizang, SW and extreme S China, Himalayan foothills (west to Bhutan), NE India, NE continental SE Asia >> N and mid continental SE Asia
innexus (Swinhoe, 1870) vHainan
mouhoti (Walden, 1870) Mid-latitude continental SE Asia >> S continental SE Asia, N Thai-Malay Pen.
bondi Meyer de Schauensee, 1937 SC and SE continental SE Asia
nigrescens E.W. Oates, 1889 SW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
batakensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) vMountains of N Sumatra
phaedrus (Reichenow, 1904) vMountains of S Sumatra
celaenus Oberholser, 19125 vSimeulue I. (off W Sumatra)
siberu Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Siberut I. (off W Sumatra)
periophthalmicus (Salvadori, 1894) vMentawai Is. (except Siberut I.) (off W Sumatra)
stigmatops (Sharpe, 1879) Mountains of N Borneo
leucophaeus Vieillot, 1817 vMountains of SW Philippines (Palawan), Java, Bali and W Lesser Sundas (Lombok)
Dicrurus caerulescens White-bellied Drongo
caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) S Nepal, India (except E and NE)
insularis (Sharpe, 1877) vN Sri Lanka
leucopygialis Blyth, 1846 vS Sri Lanka
Dicrurus annectens 6,7  (Hodgson, 1836) δ Crow-billed Drongo
iExtreme SW and S China, Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), N and EC continental SE Asia >> continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, W Philippines
Dicrurus aeneus Bronzed Drongo
aeneus Vieillot, 1817 vSE Xizang, extreme SW and S China, Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), continental SE Asia, N and C Thai-Malay Pen.
malayensis (Blyth, 1846) vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
braunianus (Swinhoe, 1863) vTaiwan
Dicrurus remifer Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo
tectirostris (Hodgson, 1836)8 αvS China, Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), NE India, Bangladesh, N and EC continental SE Asia
peracensis (E.C.S. Baker, 1918) vMountains of S continental SE Asia (except S Cambodia) and Thai-Malay Pen.
lefoli (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) Mountains of S Cambodia
remifer (Temminck, 1823) Mountains of Sumatra and Java
Dicrurus balicassius Balicassiao
abraensis Vaurie, 1947 vN Luzon (Philippines)
balicassius (Linnaeus, 1766) C and S Luzon, Lubang, Catanduanes and Mindoro (Philippines)
mirabilis Walden & E.L. Layard, 1872 vMasbate and Panay to Negros and Cebu (Philippines)
Dicrurus hottentottus9 Hair-crested Drongo
brevirostris (Cabanis, 1851) vSE Xizang, C and S China, NE continental SE Asia >> continental SE Asia
hottentottus (Linnaeus, 1766) vW Yunnan, Himalayan foothills (east from Himachal Pradesh), W, C and NE India, Bangladesh, continental SE Asia (except NE)
sumatranus Wardlaw Ramsay, 1880 vSumatra
viridinitens (Salvadori, 1894) Mentawai Is. (off W Sumatra)
jentincki (Vorderman, 1893) Java, Bali, Masalembu Besar I., Kangean Is.
borneensis (Sharpe, 1879) vBorneo
palawanensis Tweeddale, 1878 vPalawan, Balabac and Mapun (Philippines)
samarensis Vaurie, 1947 vSamar, Leyte, Bohol (Philippines)
striatus Tweeddale, 1877 vMindanao, Basilan (Philippines)
cuyensis (McGregor, 1903) vSemirara, Cuyo (Philippines)
suluensis E. Hartert, 1902 vSulu Arch.
guillemardi (Salvadori, 1890) Bisa, Obi (N Moluccas)
pectoralis Wallace, 186310 vSula Is.
leucops Wallace, 186511 Sulawesi and satellites
vicinus Rensch, 192812 vLombok (Lesser Sundas)
bimaensis Wallace, 186413 vSumbawa to Alor (Lesser Sundas)
densus Bonaparte, 1850 vTimor (Lesser Sundas)
sumbae Rensch, 1931 Sumba (Lesser Sundas)
kuehni E. Hartert, 1901 Tanimbar Is. (Lesser Sundas)
megalornis G.R. Gray, 1858 Kai Is. (SE Moluccas)
Dicrurus menagei 14  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) Tablas Drongo
Tablas (Philippines)
Dicrurus montanus   (Riley, 1919) Sulawesi Drongo
vMountains of Sulawesi
Dicrurus bracteatus15 Spangled Drongo
buruensis E. Hartert, 1919 vBuru (S Moluccas)
amboinensis G.R. Gray, 186116 αvAmbon, Seram and satellites (S Moluccas)
morotensis Vaurie, 1946 vMorotai (N Moluccas)
atrocaeruleus G.R. Gray, 186117 αvHalmahera, Kasiruta, Bacan (N Moluccas), Kafiau (Western Papuan Is.)
carbonarius Bonaparte, 1850 vGebe (N Moluccas), Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati, Misool, lowland New Guinea, Cenderawasih Bay islands, Aru Is., Trobriand Is., D'Entrecasteaux Arch., Louisiade Arch., N Torres Strait Is.
baileyi Mathews, 191218 NW and NC Australia (coastal Kimberley Division to Arnhem Land)
atrabectus Schodde & Mason, 1999 Cape York Pen., NE Queensland >> S New Guinea [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
bracteatus Gould, 1843 vEC Australia >> NE Australia
laemostictus P.L. Sclater, 1877 vNew Britain (Bismarck Arch.)
meeki Rothschild & E. Hartert, 190319 αGuadalcanal (SE Solomons)
longirostris E.P. Ramsay, 188220 vSan Cristobal (SE Solomons)
Dicrurus megarhynchus   (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) Ribbon-tailed Drongo
vNew Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)
Dicrurus andamanensis Andaman Drongo
dicruriformis (Hume, 1873)21 αvCoco Is. (off Myanmar) and N Andamans
andamanensis Beavan, 1867 vS Andamans
Dicrurus paradiseus Greater Racket-tailed Drongo
grandis (Gould, 1836) vYunnan, Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), NE India, extreme N continental SE Asia
rangoonensis (Gould, 1836) vC and E India, Bangladesh, N and EC continental SE Asia
paradiseus (Linnaeus, 1766) vS India; S continental SE Asia, N and C Thai-Malay Pen.
johni (E. Hartert, 1902) Hainan
ceylonicus Vaurie, 1949 vSri Lanka (except SW)
lophorinus Vieillot, 181722 vSW Sri Lanka
otiosus (Richmond, 1902)23 vAndamans
nicobariensis (E.C.S. Baker, 1918) vNicobars
hypoballus (Oberholser, 1926)24 vC Thai-Malay Pen. (Trang to Perak)
platurus Vieillot, 1817 vS Thai-Malay Pen., Tioman I., Sumatra and satellites
microlophus (Oberholser, 1917) vAnamba Is. and Natuna Is. (Indonesia)
brachyphorus (Bonaparte, 1850) vBorneo
banguey (Chasen & Kloss, 1929) Balambangan I. and Banggi I. (off N Borneo)
formosus (Cabanis, 1851) vJava

1 Sometimes dated 1793, but evidence for this apparently remains unpublished.
2 For reasons for separation see Pearson (2000) [Pearson, 2000 #2992] and Pasquet et al. (2007) [Pasquet, 2007 #10009].
3 For date correction see Pieters & Dickinson (2005) [Pieters, 2005 #3077].
4 Introduced to Northern Mariana Is. (Rota) and Guam.
5 Perhaps not diagnosable; see Vaurie (1949) [Vaurie, 1949 #5570].
6 The original spelling annectans, an inadvertent error, is a misspelling of the Latin word annectens, correctly used by Delacour (1947) [Delacour, 1947 #1289] and Smythies (1953) [Smythies, 1953 #3665].
7 The tree in Pasquet et al. (2007) [Pasquet, 2007 #10009] misrepresents this species; photographs of the specimen sequenced show it to have been a juvenile of the Bornean race of D. paradiseus, where mistaken identification has a history, see Smythies (1960) [Smythies, 1960 #4438].
8 For correct date see Dickinson (2009) [Dickinson, 2009 #11609].
9 The proposal by Bruce in White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194] to split this was not accepted by Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361] nor by Inskipp et al. (1996) [Inskipp, 1996 #2069]. The species concept used here is close but zoogeographically more logical.
10 Vaurie (1962) [Vaurie, 1962 #4443] listed 1862, which is the volume year, but see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
11 Includes banggaiensis; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
12 For recognition see Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094].
13 Includes renschi; see Mees (1965) [Mees, 1965 #2608] who showed that the type locality of bimaensis must be Sumbawa (not Flores), so that name takes precedence.
14 For treatment at species rank see Rocamora & Yeatman-Berthelot (2009) [Rocamora, 2009 #12259], and Collar (2011) [Collar, 2011 #12810]. See also Allen (2006) [Allen, 2006 #9744].
15 Subspecies attribution follows White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194] and Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524]. The subspecies meeki and longirostris may deserve recognition at species level.
16 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
17 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
18 For recognition see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
19 Original publication date examined.
20 The name solomenensis Doughty in Doughty et al. (1999) [Doughty, 1999 #1410], is based on the type of this name and thus a synonym.
21 This issue of Stray Feathers has a specified date of July 1873.
22 For treatment as a separate species see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
23 Published September 1902 see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
24 The name Edolius malayensis Blyth, 1859 is preoccupied in Dicrurus by Dicrurus malayensis Blyth, 1846.
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