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HIRUNDINIDAE - Swallows1 (20:84)
PSEUDOCHELIDONINAE
PSEUDOCHELIDON Hartlaub, 1861 F - Pseudochelidon eurystomina Hartlaub, 1861; type by monotypy   
Pseudochelidon eurystomina   Hartlaub, 1861 African River Martin
vGabon, PR Congo, S Central African Republic, W and NC DR Congo
Pseudochelidon sirintarae   Thonglongya, 1968 White-eyed River Martin
iBreeding range unknown >> C Thailand [Thonglongya, 1968 #3833]
HIRUNDININAE22
CHERAMOECA Cabanis, 1851 F - Hirundo leucosternus Gould, 1841; type by monotypy   
Cheramoeca leucosterna   (Gould, 1841) White-backed Swallow
vW, C, and inland S and E Australia
PSEUDHIRUNDO Roberts, 1922 F - Hirundo griseopyga Sundevall, 1850; type by original designation   
Pseudhirundo griseopyga Grey-rumped Swallow
melbina (J. & E. Verreaux, 1851)3 vR. Gambia to SW Ivory Coast; S Nigeria to Gabon
griseopyga (Sundevall, 1850)4 Mali to Ethiopia, south to N Botswana and E South Africa
PSALIDOPROCNE Cabanis, 1851 F - Psalidoprocne cypselina Cabanis, 1851; type by monotypy = Hirundo holomelas Sundevall, 1850  
Psalidoprocne nitens Square-tailed Saw-wing
nitens (Cassin, 1857) Guinea to Ghana; SE Nigeria to C DR Congo, south to N Angola
centralis Neumann, 1904 vNE DR Congo
Psalidoprocne fuliginosa   Shelley, 1887 Mountain Saw-wing
vE Nigeria, SW Cameroon, Bioko
Psalidoprocne albiceps White-headed Saw-wing
albiceps P.L. Sclater, 1864 S South Sudan, Uganda and W Kenya to Zambia and N Malawi
suffusa Ripley, 1960 vNE Angola [Ripley, 1960 #3309]
Psalidoprocne pristoptera5 Black Saw-wing
pristoptera (Rüppell, 1840)6 αvEritrea, N and NW Ethiopia
blanfordi Blundell & Lovat, 1899 Highlands of WC Ethiopia
antinorii Salvadori, 1884 C and S Ethiopia
oleaginea Neumann, 1904 vE South Sudan, SW Ethiopia
mangbettorum Chapin, 1923 SW South Sudan to NE DR Congo (Haute-Uele District, Lendu Plateau)
chalybea Reichenow, 1892 vN and C Cameroon to NW South Sudan and N and C DR Congo
petiti Sharpe & Bouvier, 1876 E Nigeria to Gabon and NW Angola (Cabinda)
ruwenzori Chapin, 1932 E DR Congo
orientalis Reichenow, 1889 vE Tanzania and E Zambia to E Zimbabwe and C Mozambique
reichenowi Neumann, 1904 SW DR Congo, W and C Zambia
massaica Neumann, 1904 vKenya, N and C Tanzania
holomelas (Sundevall, 1850) S Mozambique to E and S South Africa >> S Malawi and adjacent Mozambique
Psalidoprocne obscura   (Hartlaub, 1855) Fanti Saw-wing
vS Senegal and Gambia to C and S Nigeria and W Cameroon
DELICHON F. Moore, 1854 N - Delichon nipalense F. Moore, 1854; type by monotypy   7
Delichon urbicum8 Northern House Martin
urbicum (Linnaeus, 1758) vW, C, and N Europe, W Siberia >> Africa
meridionale (E. Hartert, 1910) vN Africa, S Europe to W and C Asia (east to Tien Shan Mts.), W Himalayas (Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh) >> Africa, SW Asia
lagopodum (Pallas, 1811) vSiberia (east from Yenisey valley), C Mongolia >> N and EC continental SE Asia
Delichon dasypus Asian House Martin
cashmeriense (Gould, 1858) vC China, Himalayas (east of meridionale) >> India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, NW Thailand
nigrimentale (E. Hartert, 1910) vS and E China, Taiwan >> continental SE Asia
dasypus (Bonaparte, 1850)9 αRussian Far East, Kuril Is., Japan, Korea, NE China >> mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas
Delichon nipalense Nepal House Martin
nipalense F. Moore, 185410,11 αvHimalayas (east from NE Pakistan), NE India (Mizoram), SE Bangladesh
cuttingi Mayr, 1941 NE India (except range of nipalense), N continental SE Asia (E Myanmar to NW Vietnam)
PETROCHELIDON Cabanis, 1851 F - Hirundo melanogaster Swainson, 1827; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 13). = Hirundo pyrrhonota Vieillot, 1817  12
Petrochelidon rufigula   (Bocage, 1878) Red-throated Swallow
iGabon and N and C Angola to SE DR Congo and N Zambia
Petrochelidon preussi   (Reichenow, 1898) Preuss's Swallow
iGuinea-Bissau and Mali to Cameroon, Central African Republic, NW and NE DR Congo
Petrochelidon perdita   (Fry & D.A. Smith, 1985) Red Sea Swallow
vRed Sea coast of NE Sudan [Fry, 1985 #1624]
Petrochelidon spilodera 13  (Sundevall, 1850) South African Swallow
iE Botswana, W Zimbabwe and South Africa >> Gabon, PR Congo and W DR Congo
Petrochelidon fuliginosa   (Chapin, 1925) Forest Swallow
vE Nigeria, W Cameroon, Gabon, W PR Congo
Petrochelidon fluvicola   (Blyth, 1855) Streak-throated Swallow
iAfghanistan, C Pakistan, N and C India >> S India
Petrochelidon ariel 14,15  (Gould, 1842) α Fairy Martin
iAustralia, Melville I., Groote Eylandt
Petrochelidon nigricans Tree Martin
timoriensis Sharpe, 1885 vAlor, Roma, Timor (Lesser Sundas)
neglecta Mathews, 1912 vAustralia
nigricans (Vieillot, 1817) Tasmania >> E and C Australia, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Solomons
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
pyrrhonota (Vieillot, 1817)16 vC Alaska, Canada (N Yukon to Nova Scotia), W, N and E USA, NW Mexico (N Baja California) >> South America
ganieri (A.R. Phillips, 1986)17 SC USA (Tennessee to Texas) >> presumably South America [Phillips, 1986 #3071]
tachina Oberholser, 1903 vS USA (SW Utah to C Arizona, C New Mexico and SW Texas) >> presumably South America
melanogaster (Swainson, 1827)18 SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico) to SW Mexico (Nayarit, Oaxaca) >> South America
Petrochelidon fulva19,20 Cave Swallow
pallida Nelson, 190221 vS USA (S New Mexico, Texas) and NC Mexico (south to Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí)
citata Van Tyne, 1938 vS Mexico (Yucatan Pen.; C Chiapas)
cavicola Barbour & W.S. Brooks, 191722 SE USA (Florida), Cuba, Isla de la Juventud
poeciloma (Gosse, 1847) Jamaica
fulva (Vieillot, 1808)23 vHispaniola
puertoricensis Garrido, Peterson & Komar, 199924 vPuerto Rico [Garrido, 1999 #1678]
Petrochelidon rufocollaris25 Chestnut-collared Swallow
aequatorialis Chapman, 192426 vSW Ecuador (C Manabí to W Loja)
rufocollaris (Peale, 1848) vW Peru (Piura to Lima)
CECROPIS Boie, 1826 F - Hirundo capensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (Salvadori, 1881, Orn. Pap. delle Mol., 2, p. 1). = Hirundo cucullata Boddaert, 1783  
Cecropis abyssinica Lesser Striped Swallow
puella (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)27 αSenegal and Gambia to SW and N Nigeria and N Cameroon
maxima (Bannerman, 1923) vSE Nigeria, S Cameroon, SW Central African Republic
bannermani (C.H.B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1942) SW Sudan, W South Sudan, NE Central African Republic
abyssinica (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) vE South Sudan, Ethiopia
unitatis (W.L. Sclater & Mackworth-Praed, 1918) S South Sudan, DR Congo, Uganda and Kenya to Gabon, C Angola, E Zambia, Zimbabwe (except NW), Mozambique and E South Africa
ampliformis (Clancey, 1969) vS Angola, N Namibia, N Botswana, W Zambia and NW Zimbabwe [Clancey, 1969 #837]
Cecropis semirufa28 Rufous-chested Swallow
gordoni (Jardine, 1852)29 αSenegal and Gambia to South Sudan and W Kenya, south to N Angola and N DR Congo
semirufa (Sundevall, 1850) vS and E Angola, S DR Congo, Zambia and W Malawi to N Namibia, N and E Botswana and N, E and C South Africa
Cecropis senegalensis Mosque Swallow
senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) vS Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia to N Cameroon and SW Sudan
saturatior (Bannerman, 1923) vS Ghana to S Cameroon, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda and N Kenya
monteiri (Hartlaub, 1862) Angola, S DR Congo and Tanzania south to N Namibia, N Botswana, lowland NE South Africa and Mozambique
Cecropis cucullata   (Boddaert, 1783) Greater Striped Swallow
vSW Angola, C Namibia, E Botswana, Zimbabwe, E, C and S South Africa >> S DR Congo, Zambia, SW Tanzania
Cecropis daurica30,31 Red-rumped Swallow
1 daurica (Laxmann, 1769)32,33 vS Siberia and NE Kazakhstan to Baikal, N Mongolia, NC and WC China (south to N Yunnan) >> S and SE Asia [Laxmann, 1769 #2346]
1 japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)34 αvRussian Far East, Japan, Korea, NE to C and S China >> SE Asia, ? New Guinea, N Australia
1 nipalensis (Hodgson, 1837) vSE Xizang, Himalayas (east from NE Pakistan) >> India, N Myanmar
1 erythropygia (Sykes, 1832) vIndia >> S India, Sri Lanka
1 hyperythra (Blyth, 1849)35 vSri Lanka
1 rufula (Temminck, 1835) vN and NE Africa, S Europe, SW and C Asia to Tien Shan, Pakistan >> Africa, SW Asia
2 domicella (von Heuglin, 1869)36 αSenegal and Gambia to SW Sudan, South Sudan and SW Ethiopia
2 melanocrissus Rüppell, 1845 Highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea
2 kumboensis (Bannerman, 1923)37 vHighlands of E Sierra Leone (Birwa Plateau) and W Cameroon (Bamenda-Banso Highlands)
2 emini (Reichenow, 1892) SE South Sudan and Kenya to Malawi
Cecropis striolata Striated Swallow
striolata (Schlegel, 1844)38 vTaiwan, Philippines, Java, Bali, W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Wetar and Timor) [Schlegel, 1844 #8983]
mayri (B.P. Hall, 1953) SW Yunnan, NE India, N Myanmar, NW Thailand
stanfordi (Mayr, 1941) SW, S and E Myanmar, NE Thailand, N Laos
vernayi (Kinnear, 1924) SW Thailand
Cecropis badia 39  Cassin, 1853 Rufous-bellied Swallow
vThai-Malay Pen. (except extreme N)
HIRUNDO Linnaeus, 1758 F - Hirundo rustica Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (Swainson, 1837, Natural History and Classification of Birds, 2, p. 340).   40
Hirundo nigrorufa   Bocage, 1877 Black-and-rufous Swallow
vC and E Angola, SE DR Congo, N Zambia
Hirundo atrocaerulea 41  Sundevall, 1850 Blue Swallow
vSE DR Congo and S Tanzania to N Malawi, E Zimbabwe and E South Africa >> north to NE DR Congo, Uganda and W Kenya
Hirundo tahitica Pacific Swallow
domicola Jerdon, 184142,43 αS India, Sri Lanka
javanica Sparrman, 178944 vAndaman Sea islands, S continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas and satellites, Philippines, Wallacea
namiyei (Stejneger, 1887) Ryukyu Is., Taiwan and Lanyu I.
frontalis Quoy & Gaimard, 1830 vWaigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool, lowland to lower montane NW, N and SW New Guinea, Yapen I., Aru Is., Bismarck Arch. (Long I., Umboi, ? Admiralty Is.)
albescens Schodde & Mason, 1999 Lowland to lower montane SC, EC and SE New Guinea [Schodde, 1999 #3524]
ambiens Mayr, 1934 New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)
subfusca Gould, 1856 vNew Ireland (Bismarck Arch.) through Solomons, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji to Tonga
tahitica J.F. Gmelin, 1789 vSociety Is.
Hirundo neoxena45 Welcome Swallow
carteri (Mathews, 1912) SW Australia
neoxena Gould, 184246,47 vNE to SE and SC Australia, Tasmania, Norfolk I., Lord Howe I., New Zealand >> north to Cape York Pen., Torres Strait
Hirundo albigularis   Strickland, 1849 White-throated Swallow
vNamibia to Zimbabwe and South Africa >> Angola, Zambia and S DR Congo
Hirundo smithii Wire-tailed Swallow
smithii Leach, 181848 Gambia and Guinea to Sudan and Eritrea, south to Angola, N and E Botswana and NE South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
filifera Stephens, 182649 αvS Uzbekistan, S Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, SW Nepal and continental SE Asia (except SW, C and extreme NE)
Hirundo nigrita   G.R. Gray, 1845 White-bibbed Swallow
iGuinea-Bissau to DR Congo, N Angola and SW Uganda
Hirundo rustica50,51 Barn Swallow
rustica Linnaeus, 1758 vNW and NC Africa, Europe east to C Siberia (Yenisey valley), W Mongolia, NW China, Himalayas (from Pakistan to Nepal) >> Africa, S Asia
transitiva (E. Hartert, 1910)52 vIsrael, Lebanon, S Syria, W Jordan >> Egypt
savignii Stephens, 1817 Egypt
gutturalis Scopoli, 1786 vE Russian Far East, Kuril Is., Japan, Korea, China (except NW, extreme N and NE), Taiwan, C and E Himalayas (west to Nepal), NE India, Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia >> SE Asia, N Australia
tytleri Jerdon, 1864 SC Siberia and C Mongolia to extreme N China (Nei Mongol) >> NE India, continental SE Asia
saturata Ridgway, 1883 vExtreme E Siberia south to Russian Far East (west of gutturalis) >> SE Asia53
mandschurica Meise, 1934 vNE China >> ? SE Asia
erythrogaster Boddaert, 1783 SE Alaska, S Canada, most of USA, C Mexico; EC Argentina >> C Mexico and Puerto Rico to South America
Hirundo angolensis 54  Bocage, 1868 Angolan Swallow
vW Gabon to W Angola; Uganda and W Kenya to Zambia and NE Namibia (Caprivi)
Hirundo lucida Red-chested Swallow
lucida Hartlaub, 185855 vSenegal to Benin
subalaris Reichenow, 1905 vGabon, PR Congo, DR Congo
rothschildi Neumann, 1904 Ethiopia
Hirundo aethiopica Ethiopian Swallow
amadoni C.M.N. White, 1956 E Ethiopia, Somalia, NE Kenya [White, 1956 #4175]
aethiopica Blanford, 186956 vLiberia to C Ethiopia, south to Uganda, C and SE Kenya and NE Tanzania
Hirundo leucosoma 57  Swainson, 1837 Pied-winged Swallow
iSenegal, Gambia and Sierra Leone to Nigeria and WC Cameroon
Hirundo megaensis   Benson, 1942 White-tailed Swallow
vS Ethiopia
Hirundo dimidiata Pearl-breasted Swallow
marwitzi Reichenow, 1903 Angola to SW Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe and NE South Africa
dimidiata Sundevall, 1850 vNamibia, Botswana, South Africa (except NE)
PTYONOPROGNE Reichenbach, 1850 F - Hirundo rupestris Scopoli, 1769; type by subsequent monotypy (Parzudaki, 1857, Cat. Ois. Europe (1856), p. 8).   58
Ptyonoprogne rupestris 59  (Scopoli, 1769) Eurasian Crag Martin
vNW Africa, S Europe to C Asia, S Xizang, WC, C and N China, Himalayas (east to Bhutan) >> NE Africa, Mediterranean basin to SW and S Asia, ? SE Asia
Ptyonoprogne obsoleta Pale Crag Martin
spatzi (Geyr von Schweppenburg, 1916) S Algeria, SW Libya, N Chad
presaharica (Vaurie, 1953) vNC Algeria to S Morocco and N Mauritania
buchanani (E. Hartert, 1921) NW Niger (Aïr Massif)
obsoleta (Cabanis, 1851) αvEgypt, Sinai, N, C and E Arabia, Turkey and Iran >> E Sudan to Socotra
arabica (Reichenow, 1905) vNE Chad (Massif Ennedi) to N and C Sudan, coastal Eritrea, N Somalia, SW Arabian Pen. and Socotra
perpallida (Vaurie, 1951) vAl Hufuf area (NE Arabia)
pallida Hume, 187260 vE Iran, Afghanistan, W and SE Pakistan
Ptyonoprogne fuligula Rock Martin
pusilla (von Zedlitz, 1908)61 vS Mali to S Sudan, C Ethiopia and Eritrea
bansoensis (Bannerman, 1923) vSierra Leone to Nigeria and Cameroon
rufigula (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884)62 S Chad to SW Ethiopia, Uganda and W and S Kenya, south to E Zambia, C Zimbabwe and C Mozambique
pretoriae Roberts, 1922 SE Zimbabwe, Swaziland, E South Africa (west to Gauteng)
anderssoni (Sharpe & Wyatt, 1887) SW Angola, N and C Namibia
fuligula (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1842) S Namibia, SE Botswana, SW Zimbabwe, South Africa (except E)
Ptyonoprogne concolor Dusky Crag Martin
concolor (Sykes, 1832) SE Pakistan, India
sintaungensis (E.C.S. Baker, 1933) vS Yunnan, continental SE Asia (except NW and SE), ? Thai-Malay Pen. (except extreme S)
NEOPHEDINA Roberts, 1922 F - Hirundo cincta Boddaert, 1783; type by original designation and monotypy63
Neophedina cincta64 Banded Martin
erlangeri (Reichenow, 1905) E South Sudan, Ethiopia, NE Uganda
suahelica (van Someren, 1922) vKenya to Malawi, W Mozambique and N and E Zimbabwe
parvula (Amadon, 1954) vCameroon to N Angola, SW DR Congo and NW Zambia
xerica (Clancey & Irwin, 1966) vW and S Angola, N Namibia, N Botswana [Clancey, 1966 #829]
cincta (Boddaert, 1783) vSW Zimbabwe, SE Botswana and South Africa >> Angola, S DR Congo; perhaps this race to Príncipe and Cameroon to Ghana and Ivory Coast
PHEDINA Bonaparte, 1855 F - Hirundo borbonica J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by original designation and monotypy
Phedina borbonica Mascarene Martin
borbonica (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vMauritius, Réunion
madagascariensis Hartlaub, 1860 vMadagascar >> SE Kenya, coastal Tanzania, Mozambique and S Malawi
PHEDINOPSIS Wolters, 1971 F - Type by original designation and monotypy Phedina brazzae Oustalet, 1886 = Phedinopsis brazzae Oustalet, 1886.
Phedinopsis brazzae   (Oustalet, 1886) Brazza's Martin
PR Congo, SW DR Congo, NE Angola
RIPARIA T. Forster, 1817 F - Riparia europaea T. Forster, 1817; type by monotypy and tautonymy = Hirundo riparia Linnaeus, 1758  
Riparia paludicola Plain Martin
mauritanica (Meade-Waldo, 1901)65 δvW Morocco
minor (Cabanis, 1851)66 αvSenegal and Gambia to Sudan, South Sudan and NW Ethiopia
schoensis Reichenow, 192067 vHighlands of Ethiopia
newtoni Bannerman, 1937 SE Nigeria, W Cameroon
ducis Reichenow, 1908 E DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, N and C Tanzania
paludicola (Vieillot, 1817) S Tanzania to Angola and South Africa
cowani (Sharpe, 1882) Madagascar
chinensis (J.E. Gray, 1830)68 vSW Tajikistan, E Afghanistan, northern S Asia, S Yunnan, continental SE Asia (except SW and extreme NE) and Taiwan
tantilla Riley, 1935 vLuzon (Philippines)
Riparia congica   (Reichenow, 1887) Congo Martin
vPR Congo to S Central African Republic and C DR Congo
Riparia riparia69,70 Sand Martin/Bank Swallow
riparia (Linnaeus, 1758)71 v(a) North America >> N South America; (b) Europe to C Asia >> Africa
innominata Sarudny, 191672,73 vSE Kazakhstan >> ? Africa, SW or S Asia
taczanowskii Stegmann, 192574 Lake Baikal area to NE Siberia and Russian Far East, C Mongolia and NE China >> S China, ? continental SE Asia
ijimae (Lönnberg, 1908) Sakhalin, Kuril Is., N Japan >> S China, mainland SE Asia, N and W Borneo, N and W Philippines
shelleyi (Sharpe, 1885) Egypt >> south to Sudan and NE Ethiopia
eilata Shirihai & Colston, 199275 vSW Asia ? >> NE Africa [Shirihai, 1992 #3611]
Riparia diluta76 Pale Martin
gavrilovi Loskot, 2001 C Siberia (east to R. Lena and Baikal south to the Altai Mts. and Tuva Republic) >> E Kazakhstan and ?? [Loskot, 2001 #4404]
transbaykalica Goroshko, 1993 vTransbaikalia [Goroshko, 1993 #1739]
diluta (Sharpe & Wyatt, 1893) vS and SE Kazakhstan >> Pakistan, NW India
indica Ticehurst, 191677 vRiver systems of N Pakistan and NW India
tibetana Stegmann, 1925 vNW to NC and WC China >> Bhutan, India (except NW)
fohkienensis (La Touche, 1908) δvC, E and SE China >> S China
TACHYCINETA Cabanis, 1851 F - Hirundo thalassina Swainson, 1827; type by original designation   78,79
Tachycineta bicolor   (Vieillot, 1808) Tree Swallow
iAlaska, Canada (Yukon to Newfoundland), N and C USA >> S USA to N South America
Tachycineta thalassina Violet-green Swallow
thalassina (Swainson, 1827)80 vC Alaska, W Canada, W USA (south to New Mexico), NW and NC Mexico >> Mexico to Costa Rica
brachyptera Brewster, 1902 vNW Mexico (C and S Baja California, S Sonora) >> SW Mexico
Tachycineta euchrysea81 Golden Swallow
†? euchrysea (Gosse, 1847) vJamaica
sclateri (Cory, 1884) Hispaniola
Tachycineta cyaneoviridis 82  (H. Bryant, 1859) Bahama Swallow
vGrand Bahama, Great Abaco, Andros, ? New Providence (Bahamas) >> south to E Cuba
Tachycineta stolzmanni 83  (R.A. Philippi, Sr., 1902) Tumbes Swallow
iSW Ecuador (SW Loja) to NW Peru (La Libertad)
Tachycineta albilinea 84  (Lawrence, 1863) Mangrove Swallow
iW and E Mexico (south from C Sonora, S Tamaulipas and Yucatan Pen.) to Panama (E Darién)
Tachycineta albiventer 85  (Boddaert, 1783) White-winged Swallow
iColombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas to N Bolivia, N Argentina, N and E Paraguay and SE Brazil
Tachycineta leucorrhoa 86  (Vieillot, 1817) White-rumped Swallow
vC and E Bolivia, C and S Brazil, Paraguay, NE Argentina (south to Buenos Aires), Uruguay >> north to SE Peru, N Bolivia and NC Brazil
Tachycineta leucopyga 87  (Meyen, 1834) α Chilean Swallow
vC and S Chile (north to Atacama) and SW Argentina (north to Neuquén) >> north to C Bolivia, Paraguay, S Brazil
PROGNE Boie, 1826 F - Hirundo purpurea Gm. Wils.; type by monotypy = Hirundo subis Linnaeus, 1758  88
Progne tapera Brown-chested Martin
tapera (Linnaeus, 1766) N and E Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas south to N and NE Brazil; SW Ecuador, NW Peru
fusca (Vieillot, 1817) vSE Bolivia and SC and E Brazil to C Argentina (Mendoza, La Pampa, Buenos Aires) >> Panama, N South America
Progne murphyi   Chapman, 1925 Peruvian Martin
iCoastal Peru and N Chile (Arica)
Progne modesta 89  Gould, 1838 α Galapagos Martin
vGalapagos Is. (C and S islands)
Progne subis90 Purple Martin
arboricola Behle, 196891 Mountains of W Canada, W USA, NW and N Mexico >> probably South America [Behle, 1968 #248]
hesperia Brewster, 1889 vSW USA (S Arizona), NW Mexico (S Baja California, W Sonora) >> probably South America
subis (Linnaeus, 1758) S Canada (C Alberta to NW Nova Scotia), C and E USA (east of Rocky Mts.), C Mexico >> to N Argentina
Progne dominicensis   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Caribbean Martin
vJamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles, Tobago >> presumably South America
Progne cryptoleuca 92  S.F. Baird, 1865 Cuban Martin
vCuba, Isla de la Juventud >> presumably South America
Progne sinaloae 93  Nelson, 1898 Sinaloa Martin
iW Mexico (NE Sonora to Jalisco and Michoacán) >> probably South America
Progne chalybea94 Gray-breasted Martin
warneri A.R. Phillips, 198695 W Mexico (S Sinaloa to Guerrero, ? Oaxaca and Chiapas) [Phillips, 1986 #3071]
chalybea (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vE Mexico (S Tamaulipas) to NW Peru, N Bolivia C and NE Brazil and Trinidad
macrorhamphus Brooke, 197496 C Bolivia and E Brazil to C Argentina (Mendoza and Buenos Aires) and Uruguay >> N South America [Brooke, 1974 #507]
Progne elegans 97  S.F. Baird, 1865 Southern Martin
iS Bolivia (C Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz to Tarija), NC to SC Argentina (south to Chubut) >> W Amazonia
STELGIDOPTERYX S.F. Baird, 1858 F - Hirundo serripennis Audubon, 1838; type by monotypy   
Stelgidopteryx serripennis98,99 Northern Rough-winged Swallow
1 serripennis (Audubon, 1838) vSE Alaska, S Canada, USA (south to C California, C Texas, SW Florida) >> Florida, SW Mexico to C Panama
1 psammochroa Griscom, 1929100 δvSW USA (S California to S Texas) and W Mexico (N Baja California to SW Oaxaca) >> C Mexico to Panama
1 fulvipennis (P.L. Sclater, 1860)101,102 αvSC Mexico (C Veracruz, NE Oaxaca, Chiapas) in highlands to NW and C Costa Rica
2 stuarti Brodkorb, 1942 S Mexico (SW Veracruz, SE Oaxaca, Chiapas) and Belize to E Guatemala
2 ridgwayi Nelson, 1901103 SE Mexico (Yucatan Pen.)
2 burleighi A.R. Phillips, 1986104 Belize, N Guatemala [Phillips, 1986 #3071]
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis105 Southern Rough-winged Swallow
decolor Griscom, 1929 SE Costa Rica, W Panama
uropygialis (Lawrence, 1863) vCaribbean slope of E Honduras to Panama, SE Panama, W Colombia, W Ecuador, NW Peru (Tumbes)
aequalis Bangs, 1901 vN Colombia, N, C and S Venezuela, Trinidad
ruficollis (Vieillot, 1817)106 vSE Colombia, SE Venezuela and Guianas south to N Argentina (Salta and N Buenos Aires) and Uruguay
PYGOCHELIDON S.F. Baird, 1865 F - Hirundo cyanoleuca Vieillot, 1817; type by original designation   107
Pygochelidon cyanoleuca108 Blue-and-white Swallow
1 cyanoleuca (Vieillot, 1817) vE Costa Rica to Guianas, Trinidad, Ecuador, N and E Peru, NE Brazil to NW Argentina and Uruguay
1 peruviana Chapman, 1922 vCoastal Peru
2 patagonica (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) vC Chile and C Argentina to Tierra del Fuego >> C and N South America, S Central America
Pygochelidon melanoleuca   (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) Black-collared Swallow
vE Colombia, S Venezuela, Guianas, Amazonian (local) and S Brazil (SE Bahia; S Goiás)
ALOPOCHELIDON Ridgway, 1903 F - Hirundo fucata Temminck, 1822; type by original designation   
Alopochelidon fucata   (Temminck, 1822) Tawny-headed Swallow
vE Bolivia, S Brazil, Paraguay, N Argentina (south to Mendoza), Uruguay >> SE Peru, Colombia, Venezuela
ATTICORA Gould, 1842 F - Hirundo fasciata auctorum; type by original designation = Hirundo fasciata J.F. Gmelin, 1789  109,110
Atticora fasciata   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) White-banded Swallow
vSE Colombia, S Venezuela, Guianas, E Ecuador, E Peru, Amazonian Brazil, N Bolivia
Atticora pileata 111  Gould, 1858 Black-capped Swallow
vHighlands of S Mexico (Chiapas), S Guatemala, W Honduras and NW El Salvador
Atticora tibialis White-thighed Swallow
minima (Chapman, 1924) vE Panama, W Colombia, W Ecuador (Esmeraldas to E Guayas)
griseiventris (Chapman, 1924) vSE Colombia, S Venezuela (Amazonas, SE Bolívar), E Ecuador, E Peru, Amazonian Brazil, N Bolivia
tibialis (Cassin, 1853) vCoastal E Brazil (E Bahia; Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, E São Paulo)
OROCHELIDON Ridgway, 1903 F - Petrochelidon murina Cassin, 1853; type by original designation112
Orochelidon murina113 Brown-bellied Swallow
meridensis J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1947 vMountains of W Venezuela (W Zulia; S Trujillo to S Táchira)
murina (Cassin, 1853) vSanta Marta Mts., Sierra de Perijá, Andes of Colombia to S Peru (Arequipa and Cuzco)
cyanodorsalis Carriker, 1935 vAndes of extreme S Peru (E Puno) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Orochelidon flavipes 114  (Chapman, 1922) Pale-footed Swallow
Andes of W Venezuela (Trujillo to S Táchira), C Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes from Ecuador to C Bolivia
Orochelidon andecola115 Andean Swallow
oroyae (Chapman, 1924) Andes of C Peru (Ancash to Junín)
andecola (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Andes of S Peru, N Chile (Arica, Tarapacá), W Bolivia and NW Argentina (Salta, Jujuy)

1 Treatment based heavily on Sheldon (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600] and Moyle et al. (2008) [Moyle, 2008 #13441].
2 Sequence of genera follows Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
3 Implicitly includes liberiae see Urban & Keith (1992) [Urban, 1992 #3899].
4 Includes gertrudis; see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187]. Also includes andrewi Williams, 1966 [Williams, 1966 #4220]; see Dowsett (1972) [Dowsett, 1972 #15314] and Zimmerman et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328].
5 This is essentially the treatment of White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187], followed by Urban & Keith (1992) [Urban, 1992 #3899]; however, some authors treat as many as seven or eight species. See, for example, Zimmerman et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328]. The evidence in Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600] points towards various sister relationships with other 'species'. However, all unscreened subspecies need to be sampled.
6 For date correction see Steinheimer (2005) [Steinheimer, 2005 #3709].
7 This name has usually been attributed to Horsfield & Moore but see Dickinson et al. (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1374], where the name nipalensis is discussed; the same reasoning applies to the generic name.
8 Considered to form a superspecies with D. dasypus; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
9 Dated 1851 by Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017], but see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296].
10 This name has usually been attributed to Horsfield & Moore, but see Dickinson et al. (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1374].
11 For correct date of publication see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
12 For reasons to recognise this genus see Sheldon & Winkler (1994) [Sheldon, 1994 #3595].
13 Considered to form a superspecies with P. perdita, P. preussi and P. rufigula; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
14 Considered to form a superspecies with P. fluvicola; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
15 For date and citation correction see McAllan (2004) [McAllan, 2004 #2585].
16 Includes hypopolia and aprophata; see Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
17 For recognition see Browning (1990) [Browning, 1990 #539].
18 Includes minima; see Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
19 Form a superspecies with P. rufocollaris; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], who treated aequatorialis as a subspecies of P. fulva.
20 We follow A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9] in treating Central American taxa as conspecific with pallida (which A.O.U. called pelodoma). Species limits not fully resolved, but see Smith & Smith (1988) [Smith, 1988 #14454], Kirchman et al. (2000) [Kirchman, 2000 #2224] and Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
21 Sometimes called pelodoma Brooke, 1974 [Brooke, 1974 #507], however, Brooke proposed this binomen to use in the genus Hirundo; when pallida Nelson, 1902 is placed in Hirundo it becomes a junior synonym of H. pallida J.F. Naumann, 1833.
22 For recognition of this and poeciloma; see Garrido et al. (1999) [Garrido, 1999 #1678].
23 Date known to be wrong but correct date not yet known; see Dickinson (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #12761].
24 For recognition see Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
25 For treatment as separate species from P. fulva see Ridgely & Tudor (1989) [Ridgely, 1989 #3271].
26 Parkes (1993) [Parkes, 1993 #2944] has explained why Chapman's name should stand, rather than give way to chapmani Brooke, 1974 [Brooke, 1974 #507].
27 The page containing this name was issued in 1845 not 1847 as given by Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017] see Holthuis & Sakai (1970) [Holthuis, 1970 #1986].
28 Probably comprises two species; see DNA evidence in Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
29 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #12713].
30 Subspecies groups derive from treatment in Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
31 Considered to form a superspecies with C. striolata by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] but biological species limits are unlikely to have been drawn correctly, see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600]. A comprehensive analysis is overdue.
32 Includes gephyra; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
33 For validation of authorship and determination of Laxmann's type locality see Dickinson & Ericson (1998) [Dickinson, 1998 #1362].
34 Both plate and text appeared in 1845; see Holthuis & Sakai (1970) [Holthuis, 1970 #1986] contra Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017]. See also Mlíkovský (2012) [Mlíkovský, 2012 #14172].
35 For recognition as distinctive see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Dickinson & Dekker (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1372]. Treated as a separate species by Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
36 For date correction and change of authorship see van den Elzen et al. (2011) [van den Elzen, 2011 #12758].
37 Includes disjuncta; see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187].
38 Mees (1971) [Mees, 1971 #2616] has shown that Schlegel published this name before the Fauna Japonica appeared.
39 For reasons to treat this at specific level see Dickinson & Dekker (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1372].
40 Sequence of species drawn from Dor et al. (2010) [Dor, 2010 #12333].
41 Considered to form a superspecies with H. nigrorufa; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
42 This may well be a separate species, but no thorough study has yet been published.
43 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2004) [Dickinson, 2004 #1390].
44 Includes abbotti; see Ripley (1944) [Ripley, 1944 #3293].
45 For reasons to separate this from tahitica see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524].
46 Includes parsonsi of Tasmania; see Schodde & Mason (1999) [Schodde, 1999 #3524]. For correct date see McAllan (2004) [McAllan, 2004 #2585].
47 For introduction of the name before the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, see McAllan (2004) [McAllan, 2004 #2585].
48 Actually published anonymously.
49 For reasons to date this from 1826 see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #8548] and Dickinson et al. (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1374].
50 Considered to form a superspecies with H. lucida and H. angolensis; see Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993) [Dowsett, 1993 #13856].
51 For Siberian populations we tentatively follow Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] as does Orn. Soc. Japan (2000) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875]; but we recognize mandschurica.
52 Birds with the characters of transitiva have been collected in winter in Kenya, and perhaps further south in central Africa.
53 The treatment of Vaurie (1951, 1954) [Vaurie, 1951 #3949], [Vaurie, 1954 #3952] is in conflict with those of Russian authors, and there is a view that Kamchatka has no permanent breeding form and that opportunistic breeding occurs by sometimes one form sometimes another (Dickinson & Dekker, 2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1372].
54 Includes arcticincta see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187].
55 Includes clara see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187].
56 Includes fulvipectus; see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187].
57 Considered to form a superspecies with H. dimidiata and H. megaensis; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]. Erroneously referred to as the dimidiata group.
58 For recognition as a full genus see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
59 Implicitly includes theresae; see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
60 If treated in a broad genus Hirundo the name pallida is preoccupied; peloplasta Brooke, 1974 [Brooke, 1974 #507] must then be used.
61 Presumably this range, used by Fry (1992) [Fry, 1992 #1627], includes birwae although this was placed in bansoensis by White (196) [White, 1961 #4187].
62 Includes fusciventris; see Irwin (1977) [Irwin, 1977 #15311]. Within Ptyonoprogne the name rufigula is no longer preoccupied.
63 Genus resurrected to reflect the results of Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
64 Shown not to belong to the genus Riparia; see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
65 Misspelled maurltanica in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
66 For suggestion that paludibula Rüppell, 1835 had priority, see Brooke (1975) [Brooke, 1975 #508] but that author admitted the name had not been in use since 1894 or earlier; we prefer to retain minor as did Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
67 For recognition see White (1961) [White, 1961 #4187].
68 For proposed recognition at species level see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
69 Considered to form a superspecies with R. paludicola and R. congica by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]. This would have included the now separated R. diluta; however this probably breeds sympatrically with R. riparia.
70 Evtikhonva & Red'kin (2012) [Evtikhova, 2012 #15310] proposed three new subspecies sibirica, macrorhyncha and goroshkoi in a treatment where they also accepted kolymensis and maximiliani. Their paper depicts clinal variation and further study is needed to establish whether and where significant steps are present.
71 Includes kolymensis see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
72 Includes dolgushini Gavrilov & Savtchenko, 1991 [Gavrilov, 1991 #1691]; see Loskot & Dickinson (2001) [Loskot, 2001 #4406].
73 For designation of a lectotype see Loskot (2006) [Loskot, 2006 #9477].
74 For recognition see Goroshko (1993) [Goroshko, 1993 #1739] and, tentatively, Dickinson et al. (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1374].
75 Type specimen obtained on passage at Eilat (Israel).
76 For reasons to separate this from R. riparia see Gavrilov & Savtchenko (1991) [Gavrilov, 1991 #1691] and Goroshko (1993) [Goroshko, 1993 #1739].
77 Museum specimens of this, tibetana and fohkienensis require re-identification following separation of diluta from riparia if wintering grounds to be elucidated.
78 Linear sequence of species adopted from Cerasale et al. (2012) [Cerasale, 2012 #13720] and Dor et al. (2012) [Dor, 2012 #14697]. Note that T. meyeni of those authors is T. leucopyga herein.
79 Includes Callichelidon and Kalichelidon; see Turner & Rose (1989) [Turner, 1989 #5548] and Whittingham et al. (2002) [Whittingham, 2002 #4211].
80 Includes lepida; see Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
81 Treated in the monotypic genus Kalochelidon by Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017].
82 Treated in the monotypic genus Callichelidon by Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017].
83 For treatment as a separate species from T. albilinea; see Robbins et al. (1997) [Robbins, 1997 #3353].
84 Includes rhizophorae; see Turner & Rose (1989) [Turner, 1989 #5548] and Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
85 Considered to form a superspecies with T. stolzmanni and T. albilinea; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
86 Considered to form a superspecies with T. leucopyga; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
87 Brooke (1974) [Brooke, 1974 #507] suggested that the name leucopyga Meyen was preoccupied and suggested meyeni be used instead. Mlíkovský & Frahnert (2009) [Mlíkovský, 2009 #11982] showed that Meyen's name was not preoccupied.
88 Sequence of species based on Moyle et al. (2008) [Moyle, 2008 #13441]; however, this is provisional as further taxon-sampling required to resolve apparent introgression.
89 Sherborn (1897) [Sherborn, 1897 #7874] provided dates based on page numbers, but, in this and other cases, a captioned plate could appear earlier. See Steinheimer et al. (2006) for the full information; in this instance a plate appearing with part 3 in July 1838.
90 Forms a superspecies with all other Progne except P. tapera; see Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202]. Species limits controversial within this group.
91 For recognition, see Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
92 For treatment as a separate species from P. dominicensis see A.O.U. (1983) [A.O.U., 1983 #8].
93 For treatment as a separate species from P. dominicensis see A.O.U. (1983) [A.O.U., 1983 #8].
94 Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600] and Moyle et al. (2008) [Moyle, 2008 #13441] show that this is a polyphyletic species. The Central American populations of this although associated with 'subspecies' macrorhampus are also paraphyletic, as P. elegans is nested within the complex. Further study is required to determine species limits.
95 For recognition, see Dickerman & Parkes (1997) [Dickerman, 1997 #1353].
96 For reasons to use this name in place of domestica Vieillot see Brooke (1974) [Brooke, 1974 #507]. A new name for Hirundo domestica Vieillot, 1817.
97 For treatment as a separate species from P. modesta; see A.O.U. (1983, 1998) [A.O.U., 1983 #8], [A.O.U., 1998 #9], Wetmore et al. (1984) [Wetmore, 1984 #4154] and Moyle et al. (2008) [Moyle, 2008 #13441].
98 For treatment as a separate species from S. ruficollis; see Stiles (1981) [Stiles, 1981 #14451].
99 Subspecies groups derived from treatment as allospecies by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] following Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
100 Misspelled psammochrous in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
101 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Turner (2004) [Turner, 2004 #12202].
102 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
103 Treated (with stuarti) as a separate species by Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071]; but see Johnson (1994) [Johnson, 1994 #14452].
104 For recognition see Dickerman & Parkes (1997) [Dickerman, 1997 #1353].
105 Considered to form one broad species by Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017]. Treated as a superspecies including S. serripennis and S. ridgwayi by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]; however they mention sympatric breeding in Costa Rica reported by Stiles (1981) [Stiles, 1981 #14451].
106 Includes cacabatus; see Haverschmidt (1982) [Haverschmidt, 1982 #1915].
107 For recognition of this genus see A.O.U. (1983, 1998) [A.O.U., 1983 #8] [A.O.U., 1998 #9].
108 Subspecies groups from Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
109 Recognition based on Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600]; thus includes Notiochelidon due to the position of its type species (the remaining species, from a different clade, are placed in Orochelidon).
110 For correction of author and date see Gregory & Dickinson (2012) [Gregory, 2012 #13835].
111 For transfer to this genus from Notiochelidon; see the phylogeny of Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
112 For recognition see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600]; this includes Haplochelidon.
113 For transfer to this genus from Notiochelidon; see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
114 For transfer to this genus from Notiochelidon; see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
115 For transfer to this genus from Haplochelidon, or from Petrochelidon in Peters (1960) [Peters, 1960 #3017]; see Sheldon et al. (2005) [Sheldon, 2005 #3600].
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