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AEGITHALIDAE - Long-tailed Tits1 (4:10)
LEPTOPOECILE Severtsov, 1873 M - Leptopoecile sophiae Severtzov, 1873; type by monotypy   2
Leptopoecile sophiae White-browed Tit Warbler
sophiae Severtsov, 1873 S Uzbekistan to Pamir Mts. and Tien Shan Mts., northern NW China and Himalayas (N Pakistan and Himachal Pradesh)
stoliczkae (Hume, 1874) NW China (S Xinjiang)
major Menzbier, 1885 vE Tien Shan Mts.
obscurus Przevalski, 18873 δvS and SE Xizang, NC (from Qinghai and Gansu) to SW China, Himalayas (east from C Nepal)
Leptopoecile elegans Crested Tit Warbler
meissneri (Schäfer, 1937) SE Xizang
elegans Przevalski, 1887 NC (from Quinghai and Gansu) to WC China
PSALTRIPARUS Bonaparte, 1850 M - Psaltriparus personatus Bonaparte, 1850; type by monotypy   
Psaltriparus minimus4,5 Bushtit
saturatus Ridgway, 19036 vSW Canada (SE Vancouver I., SW British Columbia), NW USA (NW Washington) [Ridgway, 1903 #3279]
minimus (J.K. Townsend, 1837) vW USA (SC Washington, N and W Oregon, coastal California south to Santa Barbara County)
californicus Ridgway, 1884 vW USA (interior S Oregon to SC California)
plumbeus (S.F. Baird, 1854)7 vWC and S USA (EC Oregon to SW Wyoming, E California and C Texas) and N Mexico (N Sonora, NW Chihuahua)
melanurus G.B. Grinnell & Swarth, 1926 vW USA (coastal SW California) and NW Mexico (NW Baja California)
grindae Ridgway, 1883 Mountains of NW Mexico (S Baja California)
dimorphicus van Rossem & Hachisuka, 19388 vMountains of S USA (SW New Mexico, W and C Texas) and NC Mexico (south to NE Sinaloa and N Durango)
iulus Jouy, 18949 αNC Mexico (Durango to SW Tamaulipas and W Michoacán)
personatus Bonaparte, 185010 vC Mexico (C Michoacán to W Veracruz and NE Puebla) [Bonaparte, 1850 #409]
melanotis (Hartlaub, 1844) vMountains of S Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, N Chiapas) and SW Guatemala
AEGITHALOS Hermann, 1804 M - Pipra europaea Hermann, 1804; type by original designation and monotypy = Parus caudatus Linnaeus, 1758  
Aegithalos concinnus11 Black-throated Tit
iredalei (E.C.S. Baker, 1920)12 SE Xizang, Himalayan foothills (east from NE Pakistan)
manipurensis (Hume, 1888) vNE India, NW Myanmar
talifuensis (Rippon, 1903) vE Xizang, SW China, N and EC continental SE Asia (east from NE Myanmar)
pulchellus (Rippon, 1900) vE Myanmar
concinnus (Gould, 1855) vNC, C and S China (south from S Gansu and S Shanxi)
annamensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) vUplands of S Laos and S Vietnam
Aegithalos leucogenys 13  (F. Moore, 1854) White-cheeked Tit
iE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills (N Pakistan)
Aegithalos niveogularis 14,15,16  (Gould, 1855) White-throated Tit
vHimalayan foothills from N Pakistan to C Nepal
Aegithalos iouschistos17 Black-browed Tit/Rufous-fronted Tit
bonvaloti (Oustalet, 1892)18 αSW China, N and NE Myanmar
obscuratus (Mayr, 1940)19 vWC China (WC Sichuan)
sharpei (Rippon, 1904)20 Chin Hills (NW Myanmar)
iouschistos (Blyth, 1845)21 αSE Xizang, Himalayan foothills (east from C Nepal)
fuliginosus (J. Verreaux, 1869) αvNC, WC and C China (Gansu and Sichuan to Hubei)
Aegithalos caudatus22 Long-tailed Tit
1 caudatus (Linnaeus, 1758)23 vN and E Europe, N Asia east to Kamchatka and south to N Mongolia, extreme NE China, N Korea and N Japan (Hokkaido)
1 rosaceus Mathews, 193824 αvBritish Isles
1 europaeus (Hermann, 1804) vDenmark and E France to NE Croatia and W and S Romania
1 aremoricus Whistler, 1929 vW France
1 taiti C. Ingram, 1913 N Portugal, NW Spain, Pyrenees
1 macedonicus (Salvadori & Dresser, 1892)25 vSW Croatia, Albania, Macedonia and N Greece
1 tauricus (Menzbier, 1903) vCrimea
2 magnus (A.H. Clark, 1907) vC and S Korea; Tsushima (Japan)
2 trivirgatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1848)26 vHonshu (Japan)
2 kiusiuensis N. Kuroda, Sr., 1923 vKyushu and Shikoku (Japan)
3 irbii (Sharpe & Dresser, 1871) S Iberia, Corsica
3 italiae Jourdain, 1910 C and S mainland Italy
3 siculus (Whitaker, 1901) vSicily
3 tephronotus (Günther, 1865) vS and E Greece, W and C Turkey
3 major (Radde, 1884) vNE Turkey, Caucasus area
3 alpinus (Hablizl, 1783) vSE Azerbaijan, N Iran
3 passekii (Sarudny, 1904) SE Turkey, SW Iran
Aegithalos glaucogularis27 Silver-throated Tit
glaucogularis (Gould, 1855)28 αvC and E China (Shaanxi and Hubei to Zhejiang)
vinaceus (J. Verreaux, 1872)29 αvNC to NE China (E Qinghai and Gansu to Hebei)
PSALTRIA Temminck, 1836 F - Psaltria exilis Temminck, 1836; type by monotypy   
Psaltria exilis   Temminck, 1836 Pygmy Tit
vMountains of W and C Java

1 Sequence of genera (except for unscreened Psaltria), and of species, follows Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036].
2 For inclusion in the Aegithalidae see Sturmbauer et al. (1998) [Sturmbauer, 1998 #3775].
3 Original spelling obscura retained in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533], but genus now considered masculine, see David & Gosselin (2008) [David, 2008 #10376]. For a contrary view see Harrop (2011) [Harrop, 2011 #13206].
4 For treatment as one species including P. melanotis; see Raitt (1967) [Raitt, 1967 #3180].
5 Subspecies follow Rea & Phillips in Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
6 For recognition see Rea & Phillips in Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
7 Includes sociabilis, providentialis and lloydi; see Rea & Phillips in Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
8 For recognition see Rea & Phillips in Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
9 For recommended date of publication see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
10 For recognition see Rea & Phillips in Phillips (1986) [Phillips, 1986 #3071].
11 Probably comprises three or more species; see Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036]; who acknowledged that the unscreened subspecies must be sampled to safely change the circumscription of this complex.
12 East Himalayan rubricapillus may deserve recognition; see Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036].
13 Ascribed to Horsfield & Moore by Snow (1967) [Snow, 1967 #3670] but the name is attributable to Moore alone see Dickinson et al. (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9466].
14 For treatment as a separate species from A. iouschistos see Ripley (1961, 1982) [Ripley, 1961 #3310], [Ripley, 1982 #3332]. Martens & Eck (1995) [Martens, 1995 #2504] considered this to be conspecific with A. bonvaloti, but see P?ckert et al. (2010) [P?ckert, 2010 12036].
15 As footnoted in relation to the date Gould must be accepted as author (unless it can be shown that he only distributed his work after April 11). In print (2014, p. 508) we mistakenly retained Moore as author.
16 Published by F. Moore in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London and by Gould in his Birds of Asia in April 1855. The former on April 11 (Duncan, 1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442]; but the wrapper to this part of Gould's work is dated April 1 (Sauer, 1982) [Sauer, 1982 #15686] and Gould must be assigned precedence contra Dickinson et al. (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9468].
17 Treated as four species by Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12241]; but see Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036], however although they shown that fuliginosus was embedded with the other forms their position was somewhat equivocal.
18 For recommended date for publication see Dickinson et al. (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9466].
19 Perhaps an intergradient or hybrid bird; see Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036].
20 Treated as a separate species by Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12241].
21 For date correction see Dickinson & Pittie (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9467].
22 Subspecies groups follow Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12241].
23 Includes sibiricus from C and E Siberia and japonicus Prazak, 1897 [Prazak, 1897 #7423] from Hokkaido (see Morioka, 2000 [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875]), both recognised by Eck & Martens (2006) [Eck, 2006 #9465].
24 Published in issue CCCCIX dated Jan. 5, 1938.
25 Although described in December and attributed to Dresser alone this was corrected in the next issue of the journal.
26 Includes pallidolumbo Mishima, 1961 [Mishima, 1961 #4413] see Orn. Soc. Japan (1974) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 1974 #2874].
27 For treatment as a separate species from A. caudatus see Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12241] corroborated by molecular findings of Päckert et al. (2010) [Päckert, 2010 #12036].
28 Published by F. Moore in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London and by Gould in his Birds of Asia in April 1855. The former on April 11 (Duncan, 1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442]; but the wrapper to this part of Gould's work is dated April 1 and Gould must be assigned precedence, contra Dickinson et al. (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9466].
29 For correct date of publication see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
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