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CERTHIIDAE - Northern Hemisphere Treecreepers (1:9)
CERTHIA Linnaeus, 1758 F - Certhia familiaris Linnaeus, 1758; type by Linnaean tautonymy   1
Certhia tianquanensis 2,3  Li Gui-yuan, 1995 Sichuan Treecreeper
vWC and C China in Sichuan and Shaanxi [Li Gui-yuan, 1995 #2380]
Certhia nipalensis 4  Blyth, 1845 Rusty-flanked Treecreeper
vSE Xizang, Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand, NE Myanmar
Certhia discolor   Blyth, 1845 Sikkim Treecreeper
SE Xizang, Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand, NE India in Nagaland and W Manipur
Certhia manipurensis5 Manipur Treecreeper
manipurensis Hume, 1881 vNE India in S Manipur and Mizoram, W and SW Myanmar
shanensis E.C.S. Baker, 1930 vW Yunnan, N, E and S Myanmar, W and NW Thailand, NW Vietnam
laotiana Delacour, 1951 vN and C Laos
meridionalis Robinson & Kloss, 1919 vLangbian mountains (SC Vietnam)
Certhia himalayana Bar-tailed Treecreeper
taeniura Severtsov, 1873 N Afghanistan, C Asia in E Uzbekistan, W Tajikistan and W Tien Shan
himalayana Vigors, 18326 vSE Afghanistan and W Pakistan, Himalayan foothills from N Pakistan to W Nepal
yunnanensis Sharpe, 1902 vSE Xizang, WC to C and SC China in N Yunnan, W Sichuan, S Shaanxi and SW Guizhou, far-NE India in E Assam, N Myanmar
ripponi Kinnear, 1929 NE India in S Assam (?), W Myanmar
Certhia brachydactyla Short-toed Treecreeper
mauritanica Witherby, 19057 vNW Africa
megarhynchos C.L. Brehm, 18318,9 δPortugal, W Spain and W and N France to W Germany
brachydactyla C.L. Brehm, 182010 vE Spain, Italy, Sicily to C and SE Europe and Turkey
rossocaucasica Stepanyan, 2000 vSW Caucasus [Stepanyan, 2000 #3728]
dorotheae E. Hartert, 190411 Cyprus, Crete
Certhia americana12 American Treecreeper
1 occidentalis Ridgway, 1882 vSE Alaska, SW Canada (British Columbia), W USA (south to NC California)
1 alascensis Webster, 198613 vSC Alaska >> W USA (to SE Arizona, SW New Mexico) [Phillips, 1986 #3071]
1 stewarti Webster, 198614 SW Canada (Queen Charlotte Is., off British Columbia) [Phillips, 1986 #3071]
1 zelotes Osgood, 1901 W USA (S Oregon to S California)
1 phillipsi Unitt & Rea, 199715 SW USA (Coastal Ranges of C California) [Unitt, 1997 #3897]
2 montana Ridgway, 188216 vSW Canada (British Columbia, N Alberta), W USA (Washington to W Texas) >> C USA, N Mexico (Coahuila)
2 leucosticta van Rossem, 1931 vSW USA (mountains of S Nevada, WC Utah)
3 americana Bonaparte, 1838 vS Canada (east from Saskatchewan), NE USA (south to N Virginia) >> S USA, NE Mexico
3 nigrescens T.D. Burleigh, 1935 E USA (E Tennessee, North Carolina)
4 albescens von Berlepsch, 1888 SW USA (mountains of SE Arizona, SW New Mexico), NW Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental south to W Zacatecas)
4 alticola G.S. Miller, 189517 N, C and SW Mexico (Coahuila to Jalisco and Oaxaca)
5 pernigra Griscom, 1935 vS Mexico (C Chiapas) to C Guatemala
6 extima W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925 vE Guatemala, Honduras, NC Nicaragua
Certhia hodgsoni18 Hodgson's Treecreeper
hodgsoni W.E. Brooks, 187119 αHimalayan foothills from N Pakistan to W Himachal Pradesh [Brooks, 1871 #516]
mandellii W.E. Brooks, 1874 Himalayan foothills east from Himachal Pradesh
khamensis Bianchi, 1903 vE and SE Xizang, WC to NC China in N Yunnan, W Sichuan and S Gansu; N Myanmar
Certhia familiaris Eurasian Treecreeper
britannica Ridgway, 188220 δvBritish Isles, Ireland
macrodactyla C.L. Brehm, 1831 vW and C Europe to N Spain, Italy and W Croatia
familiaris Linnaeus, 1758 vN and E Europe to Balkans
corsa E. Hartert, 1905 vCorsica
caucasica Buturlin, 190721 vN Turkey, Caucasus area
persica Sarudny & von Loudon, 1905 vSE Azerbaijan, N Iran
tianschanica E. Hartert, 1905 vS and E Tien Shan, NW China east to Hami region (E Xinjiang)
bianchii E. Hartert, 1905 NC to C China from NE and E Qinghai and C Gansu to S Shaanxi
daurica Domaniewski, 1922 vS Siberia from Ural Mts. to Sakhalin, Russian Far East, S Kuril Is., Hokkaido, NE China
japonica E. Hartert, 1897 vJapan in Honshu and Shikoku

1 Species sequence follows Tietze et al. (2006) [Tietze, 2006 #8265].
2 Multiple original spellings. Martens in Martens & Tietze (2006) [Martens, 2006 #9481] acted as First Reviser and selected this spelling.
3 For treatment as separate species from C. familiaris see Martens et al. (2002) [Martens, 2002 #2511].
4 Considered to form a superspecies with C. tianquanensis by Martens & Tietze (2006) [Martens, 2006 #9481] and Tietze et al. [Tietze, 2006 #8265].
5 For treatment as a separate species from C. discolor see Martens & Tietze (2006) [Martens, 2006 #9481] and Tietze et al. (2006) [Tietze, 2006 #8265].
6 Includes limes and infima; see Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961]; but see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
7 For recognition see Vaurie (1957, 1959) [Vaurie, 1957 #8344], [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] and Cramp et al. (1993) [Cramp, 1993 #1089].
8 Correct original spelling. Spelling megarhyncha in Vaurie (1957, 1959) [Vaurie, 1957 #8344], [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
9 For recognition see Vaurie (1957, 1959) [Vaurie, 1957 #8344], [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] and Cramp et al. (1993) [Cramp, 1993 #1089].
10 Includes harterti, see Roselaar (1995) [Roselaar, 1995 #3385]; and stresemanni, see Kirwan et al. (2008) [Kirwan, 2008 #13632].
11 For recognition see Vaurie (1957, 1959) [Vaurie, 1957 #8344], [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] and Cramp et al. (1993) [Cramp, 1993 #1089].
12 For treatment as a separate species from C. familiaris see Thielcke (1962) [Thielcke, 1962 #15286], A.O.U., 1983 [A.O.U., 1983 #8] and Tietze et al. (2006) [Tietze, 2006 #8265]. Now considered an allospecies.
13 For recognition see Browning (1990) [Browning, 1990 #539].
14 For recognition see Browning (1990) [Browning, 1990 #539].
15 For recognition, see Hejl et al. (2002) [Hejl, 2002 #15284] and Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12244].
16 Includes iletica Oberholser, 1974 [Oberholser, 1974 #2809]; see Browning (1978) [Browning, 1978 #536]. Also includes idahoensis Webster, 1986 [Phillips, 1986 #3071]; see Browning (1990) [Browning, 1990 #539].
17 Includes molinensis; see Dickerman & Parkes (1997) [Dickerman, 1997 #1353]; also includes jaliscensis; see Heij (2002) [Hejl, 2002 #15284] and Harrap (2008) [Harrap, 2008 #12241].
18 For treatment as a separate species from C. familiaris see Martens & Tietze (2006) [Martens, 2006 #9481] and Tietze et al. (2006) [Tietze, 2006 #8265].
19 Greenway (1967) [Greenway, 1967 #4633] erred; this name was first published in the Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal; see Dickinson et al. (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9482].
20 Original spelling brittanica, a misspelled classical Latin word, emended by Witherby et al. (1940) [Witherby, 1940 #15736]; see also Deignan (1961) [Deignan, 1961 #1244].
21 For recognition see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
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