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MUSCICAPIDAE - Chats and Flycatchers1 (57:303)
MUSCICAPINAE

Tribe COPSYCHINI
ALETHE Cassin, 1859 F - Napothera castanea Cassin, 1856; type by monotypy   2
Alethe diademata 3  (Bonaparte, 1850) White-tailed Alethe
Senegal to Togo
Alethe castanea4 Fire-crested Alethe
castanea (Cassin, 1856) vNigeria to W DR Congo, NE Angola; Bioko
woosnami Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 C and N DR Congo to SW South Sudan and Uganda
CERCOTRICHAS Boie, 1831 F - Turdus erythropterus J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by subsequent designation (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870, Vög. Ost.-Afr., p. 249). = Turdus podobe Statius Muller, 1776  5,6,7
Cercotrichas coryphoeus Karoo Scrub Robin
coryphoeus (Vieillot, 1817)8,9,10 δW, C and S South Africa (except W coast) [Vieillot, 1817 #3992]
cinerea (J.D. Macdonald, 1952) vW coast of South Africa
abbotti (Friedmann, 1932)11 S Namibia, adjacent NW South Africa
Cercotrichas leucosticta Forest Scrub Robin
leucosticta (Sharpe, 1883) vGhana
colstoni Tye, 1991 Sierra Leone, Liberia [Tye, 1991 #3889]
collsi (Alexander, 1907) W Uganda, NE DR Congo, SW Central African Republic
reichenowi (E. Hartert, 1907) SW Angola (Huila escarpment)
Cercotrichas quadrivirgata Eastern Bearded Scrub Robin
quadrivirgata (Reichenow, 1879)12 vS Somalia to E Tanzania, C and S Mozambique and NE South Africa
greenwayi (Moreau, 1938) Zanzibar, Mafia I.
interna (Clancey, 1962)13 Zambezi basin to N Botswana, NE Namibia (Caprivi)
Cercotrichas barbata 14  (Hartlaub & Finsch, 1870) Miombo Bearded Scrub Robin
vW Tanzania to Angola
Cercotrichas signata Brown Scrub Robin
tongensis (Roberts, 1931)15 vS Mozambique, adjacent South Africa (N KwaZulu-Natal)
signata (Sundevall, 1850)16 vNE and SE South Africa (Limpopo to S Eastern Cape)
Cercotrichas podobe Black Scrub Robin
podobe (Statius Muller, 1776) N Senegal, Gambia and S Mauritania to NE Sudan and Somalia
melanoptera (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) vS Israel, W, C and S Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Aden
Cercotrichas galactotes Rufous Scrub Robin
galactotes (Temminck, 1820) S and E Iberia, N Africa to S Algeria, Israel, and SW Syria >> Sahel zone (W Africa)
syriaca (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) vBalkans to W and S Turkey, W Syria and Lebanon >> NE and E Africa
familiaris (Ménétries, 1832) vSW Asia from SE Turkey and NE Arabia, C Asia east to S Kazakhstan, W Pakistan >> NE Africa
minor (Cabanis, 1851)17 αvSenegal to N Somalia
hamertoni (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) E Somalia
Cercotrichas paena Kalahari Scrub Robin
benguellensis (E. Hartert, 1907) vSW Angola, NW Namibia
paena (A. Smith, 1836)18 Namibia, Botswana, SW Zimbabwe, N South Africa
oriens (Clancey, 1957) C and NE South Africa
Cercotrichas hartlaubi   (Reichenow, 1891) Brown-backed Scrub Robin
iS Cameroon to SW Central African Republic, NE DR Congo to C Kenya, N Angola
Cercotrichas leucophrys19 White-browed Scrub Robin
1 leucoptera (Rüppell, 1845) vSE South Sudan, S Ethiopia, N Somalia, N Kenya
1 eluta (Bowen, 1934) vS Somalia, NE Kenya
1 vulpina (Reichenow, 1891) vE Kenya, E Tanzania
2 brunneiceps (Reichenow, 1891) C and S Kenya, N Tanzania
2 sclateri (Grote, 1930) C Tanzania
2 zambesiana (Sharpe, 1882) vW and S South Sudan, N and E DR Congo, Uganda, and W Kenya to E and S Zambia, E Zimbabwe and C Mozambique
2 munda (Cabanis, 1880) vS Gabon to C Angola and W DR Congo
2 ovamboensis (Neumann, 1920) vS Angola and N Namibia to SW Zambia, N Botswana, W Zimbabwe
2 leucophrys (Vieillot, 1817)20 S Zimbabwe, SE Botswana to NE and SE South Africa, S Mozambique
NAMIBORNIS Bradfield, 1935 M - Bradornis herero Meyer de Schauensee, 1931; type by original designation and monotypy   21
Namibornis herero   (Meyer de Schauensee, 1931) Herero Chat
iW Namibia, SW Angola
SAXICOLOIDES Lesson, 1832 M - Turdus (Saxicoloides) erythrurus Lesson, 1832; type by monotypy   22
Saxicoloides fulicatus Indian Robin
cambaiensis (Latham, 1790) vPakistan, W and N India
erythrurus (Lesson, 1832) vNE India, Bangladesh
intermedius Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 vC and E India
fulicatus (Linnaeus, 1766) vS India
leucopterus (Lesson, 1840) vSri Lanka
COPSYCHUS Wagler, 1827 M - Gracula saularis Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 21).   
Copsychus albospecularis23 Madagascar Magpie Robin
pica von Pelzeln, 1858 N, W and S Madagascar
albospecularis (Eydoux & Gervais, 1836) vNE Madagascar
inexspectatus Richmond, 189724,25 δvEC to SE Madagascar
Copsychus sechellarum   A. Newton, 1865 Seychelles Magpie Robin
iSeychelles
Copsychus saularis Oriental Magpie Robin
saularis (Linnaeus, 1758)26 NE Pakistan, Nepal, N, W and C India
ceylonensis P.L. Sclater, 1861 vS India, Sri Lanka
andamanensis Hume, 1874 vAndamans
musicus (Raffles, 1822)27 vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and east satellites Bangka and Belitung, W Java
amoenus (Horsfield, 1821) vE Java, Bali
adamsi Elliot, 1890 N Borneo and satellites
pluto Bonaparte, 185028 E and SE Borneo including Maratua I.
Copsychus mindanensis 29  (Boddaert, 1783) Philippine Magpie Robin
vPhilippines (except Palawan)
TRICHIXOS Lesson, 1839 M - Trichixos pyrropyga Lesson, 1839; type by monotypy   30
Trichixos pyrropygus 31  (Lesson, 1839) δ Rufous-tailed Shama
vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
KITTACINCLA Gould, 1836 F - Turdus macrourus Latham; type by original designation = Turdus macrourus J.F. Gmelin, 178932
Kittacincla luzoniensis33 White-browed Shama
1 luzoniensis (von Kittlitz, 1832)34 δvLuzon and Catanduanes (Philippines)
1 parvimaculata McGregor, 1910 vPolillo (Philippines)
1 shemleyi (duPont, 1976)35 Marinduque (Philippines) [duPont, 1976 #1448]
2 superciliaris Bourns & Worcester, 189436 vTicao, Masbate, Panay and Negros (Philippines)
Kittacincla nigra 37  Sharpe, 1877 White-vented Shama
vBalabac, Palawan, Calamian Group (Philippines)
Kittacincla cebuensis 38  Steere, 1890 Black Shama
vCebu (Philippines)
Kittacincla malabarica39 White-rumped Shama
malabarica (Scopoli, 1786)40 vW and S India41
leggei Whistler, 1941 Sri Lanka
albiventris Blyth, 185842,43 vAndamans
indica E.C.S. Baker, 1924 vSW China in S Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from W Uttarakhand, EC and NE India, Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia
macroura (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)44 vCon Son I. (S Vietnam) [Gmelin, 1789 #1715]
minor Swinhoe, 1870 vHainan
mallopercna Oberholser, 1923 vC and S Thai-Malay Pen.
tricolor (Vieillot, 1818)45 Sumatra and E satellites, NW Java
mirabilis (Hoogerwerf, 1962) vPanaitan I. (SW Java)
melanura Salvadori, 188746 vSatellites of NW, W and SW Sumatra except Banyak and Batu Is.
omissa E. Hartert, 190247 vJava except NW
nigricauda Vorderman, 1893 Kangean I. (Java Sea)
ochroptila Oberholser, 1917 vAnamba Is. (Indonesia)
eumesa Oberholser, 1932 vNatuna Is. (Indonesia)
suavis (P.L. Sclater, 1861) vBorneo except N
stricklandii (Motley & Dillwyn, 1855)48 N Borneo and satellites Balambangan and Banggi
barbouri Bangs & J.L. Peters, 1927 Maratua I. (off E Borneo)
Tribe MUSCICAPINI49,50
MUSCICAPA Brisson, 1760 F - Muscicapa Brisson; type by tautonymy = Motacilla striata Pallas, 1764  51
Muscicapa striata52 Spotted Flycatcher
striata (Pallas, 1764) vEurope, W Siberia, NW Africa >> W, E and S Africa
balearica von Jordans, 1913 vBalearic Is. >> W and SW Africa
tyrrhenica Schiebel, 1910 vCorsica, Sardinia, Elba, Italian W coast south to Campania >> Africa ?
inexpectata Dementiev, 1932 Crimea
neumanni Poche, 1904 Aegean Is., Cyprus and Levant to Caucasus area and N and SW Iran; also C Siberia east to Lake Baikal >> E and S Africa
sarudnyi Snigirewski, 1928 E Iran, N Afghanistan, C Asia east to Pamir Mts. and Tien Shan Mts., W and N Pakistan >> E? and S Africa
mongola Portenko, 1955 vSE Transbaikalia, Mongolia
Muscicapa gambagae   (Alexander, 1901) Gambaga Flycatcher
iSW Arabia; Guinea to W Ethiopia, south to Kenya
Muscicapa griseisticta   (Swinhoe, 1861) Grey-streaked Flycatcher
vE and SE Siberia to S Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Kuril Is., Russian Far East, N Japan, N Korea, NE China >> Taiwan, Borneo(?), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Wetar and Leti (Lesser Sundas), New Guinea
Muscicapa sibirica Dark-sided Flycatcher
sibirica J.F. Gmelin, 1789 vSiberia from upper R. Ob' east to S Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Kuril Is., Russian Far East, N Japan, N Korea, N Mongolia, NE China >> S and SE China, Taiwan, mainland SE Asia (except NW), Sumatra, W Java, Borneo
gulmergi (E.C.S. Baker, 1923) E Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills east to Uttarakhand
cacabata T.E. Penard, 1919 vHimalayan foothills east from W Nepal, NE India
rothschildi (E.C.S. Baker, 1923) WC to NC China from W Yunnan to S Qinghai and S Gansu, W and N Myanmar >> SW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
Muscicapa dauurica53,54 Asian Brown Flycatcher
dauurica Pallas, 181155 vS Siberia from Yenisey valley east to Sakhalin, S Kuril Is., Russian Far East, Japan, Korea (except S), N Mongolia, NE (and WC and E?) China >> S China, mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, W Philippines
poonensis Sykes, 1832 vHimalayan foothills east to Bhutan (?), C and S India >> C and S India, Sri Lanka, Andamans and Nicobars
williamsoni Deignan, 195756 SW continental SE Asia, N and WC Thai-Malay Pen. >> Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra including Siberut I., Borneo
siamensis (Gyldenstolpe, 1916) vSW China in Yunnan, SE Myanmar to N Tenasserim, W and NW Thailand, SC Vietnam
umbrosa D.R. Wells, 1982 vN Borneo, ? S Thai-Malay Pen.
Muscicapa randi 57  Amadon & duPont, 1970 Ashy-breasted Flycatcher
iLuzon and Negros (Philippines)
Muscicapa segregata   (Siebers, 1928) Sumba Brown Flycatcher
vSumba (Lesser Sundas)
Muscicapa muttui   (E.L. Layard, 1854) Brown-breasted Flycatcher
iSW to NC China from Yunnan and Guangxi to E Gansu, N continental SE Asia >> SW India, Sri Lanka
Muscicapa ruficauda 58  Swainson, 1838 Rusty-tailed Flycatcher
iNE Afghanistan, C Asia east to W Tien Shan, Himalayan foothills east to E Nepal >> SW India
Muscicapa ferruginea   (Hodgson, 1845) Ferruginous Flycatcher
vSE Xizang, SW to NC China from W Yunnan and Sichuan to S Gansu, Taiwan, NE continental SE Asia >> S continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, W Java, Borneo, Philippines
Muscicapa caerulescens Ashy Flycatcher
nigrorum (Collin & E. Hartert, 1927) Sierra Leone and Guinea to Togo
brevicauda Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 S Nigeria to S South Sudan, W Kenya, NW Angola and S DR Congo
cinereola Hartlaub & Finsch, 187059 vS Somalia, E Kenya, E Tanzania
impavida Clancey, 1957 vC Angola to W Tanzania, N and C Mozambique, N Botswana and C Zimbabwe.
vulturna Clancey, 1957 SE Zimbabwe, S Mozambique, NE South Africa
caerulescens (Hartlaub, 1865) S Swaziland, SE South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal to coastal Eastern Cape)
Muscicapa aquatica Swamp Flycatcher
aquatica von Heuglin, 1864 vSenegal and Gambia to W South Sudan
infulata Hartlaub, 1881 vC South Sudan to Uganda, W Kenya, E DR Congo and NE Zambia
lualabae (Chapin, 1932) SE DR Congo (Katanga)
grimwoodi Chapin, 195260 C Zambia (Kafue basin)
Muscicapa cassini 61  F. Heine, Sr., 1860 α Cassin's Flycatcher
iSierra Leone to W Uganda, N Angola, N Zambia
Muscicapa olivascens62 Olivaceous Flycatcher
olivascens (Cassin, 1859) W Ghana; Nigeria to E DR Congo
nimbae Colston & Curry-Lindahl, 1986 Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivory Coast [Colston, 1986 #1029]
Muscicapa lendu Chapin's Flycatcher
lendu (Chapin, 1932) NE DR Congo, SW Uganda, W Kenya
itombwensis Prigogine, 1957 vE DR Congo (Itombwe Highlands)
Muscicapa adusta African Dusky Flycatcher
poensis (Alexander, 1903)63 vBioko, Cameroon, Central African Republic
pumila (Reichenow, 1892)64 vE DR Congo to C Kenya, S South Sudan
minima von Heuglin, 1862 vEritrea, Ethiopia
subadusta (Shelley, 1897)65 vAngola to Zambia, Malawi, E Zimbabwe, NW Mozambique
marsabit (van Someren, 1931) N Kenya
murina (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884)66 vNE Tanzania, SE Kenya
fuelleborni Reichenow, 1900 S and W Tanzania
mesica Clancey, 1974 vZimbabwe (except E)
fuscula Sundevall, 1850 vE Swaziland, SE South Africa (lowland KwaZulu-Natal and coastal E Eastern Cape) >> S Mozambique
adusta (Boie, 1828) vE and S South Africa (Limpopo to inland KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, and S Western Cape) >> S Mozambique
Muscicapa epulata   (Cassin, 1855) Little Grey Flycatcher
vSierra Leone and Guinea to W Togo; Nigeria and Cameroon to SW and NE DR Congo
Muscicapa sethsmithi   (van Someren, 1922) Yellow-footed Flycatcher
iSE Guinea to Ghana; Bioko, SE Nigeria to Gabon and SW PR Congo; E DR Congo and W Uganda
Muscicapa comitata Dusky-blue Flycatcher
aximensis (W.L. Sclater, 1924) vSierra Leone to S Nigeria
comitata (Cassin, 1857)67 vCameroon to NW Angola, east to Uganda
Muscicapa tessmanni   (Reichenow, 1907) Tessmann's Flycatcher
iSierra Leone to Ghana; S Cameroon, SW PR Congo, NE DR Congo
Muscicapa infuscata68 Sooty Flycatcher
infuscata (Cassin, 1855) vSE Nigeria to C DR Congo, south to Angola and NW Zambia
minuscula (Grote, 1922)69 vE DR Congo to Uganda
Muscicapa ussheri   (Sharpe, 1871) Ussher's Flycatcher
iSierra Leone and Guinea to Ghana
Muscicapa boehmi   (Reichenow, 1884) Böhm's Flycatcher
iAngola to W Tanzania and W Malawi
MYIOPARUS Roberts, 1922 M - Stenostira plumbea Hartlaub, 1858; type by original designation   70
Myioparus griseigularis Grey-throated Tit Flycatcher
parelii (Traylor, 1970) Liberia to S Ghana
griseigularis (F.J. Jackson, 1906) vS Nigeria to Uganda and NW Angola
Myioparus plumbeus Grey Tit Flycatcher
plumbeus (Hartlaub, 1858) vSenegal to Ethiopia, south to DR Congo (except SE), NW Tanzania and W Kenya
orientalis (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) vE Kenya to Mozambique, E Zimbabwe, NE and E South Africa (E Limpopo to N KwaZulu-Natal)
catoleucus (Reichenow, 1900)71 δvAngola to S Tanzania, N and E Botswana, C Zimbabwe, N South Africa (W Limpopo to North West Province)
FRASERIA Bonaparte, 1854 F - Tephrodornis ocreatus Strickland, 1844; type by monotypy   72
Fraseria ocreata73 Fraser's Forest Flycatcher
kelsalli Bannerman, 1922 Sierra Leone
prosphora Oberholser, 1899 vLiberia to E Ghana
ocreata (Strickland, 1844) vBioko; S Benin and Nigeria to W Uganda and N Angola
Fraseria cinerascens White-browed Forest Flycatcher
cinerascens Hartlaub, 1857 Senegal and Gambia to Nigeria
ruthae Dickerman, 1994 Cameroon to DR Congo and N Angola (Cabinda) [Dickerman, 1994 #1347]
BRADORNIS A. Smith, 1847 M - Bradornis mariquensis A. Smith, 1847; type by original designation74
Bradornis pallidus Pale Flycatcher
pallidus (J.W. von Müller, 1851) vSenegal and Gambia to S Sudan and W Ethiopia
parvus Reichenow, 1907 vSW Ethiopia, E South Sudan, NW Uganda
bowdleri Collin & E. Hartert, 1927 Eritrea, C Ethiopia
bafirawari Bannerman, 1924 S Ethiopia, NE Kenya
duyerali Traylor, 1970 NE Ethiopia and C Somalia [Traylor, 1970 #3867]
subalaris Sharpe, 187475 vE Kenya, NE Tanzania
erlangeri Reichenow, 1905 S Somalia
modestus Shelley, 1873 vGuinea to Central African Republic
murinus Hartlaub & Finsch, 187076 vW and S Kenya, E and S Uganda to Angola, NE Namibia, N Botswana, W and S Zambia, W Zimbabwe
griseus Reichenow, 1882 vSE Kenya and C Tanzania to N and E Zambia and N and C Malawi
divisus W. Lawson, 1961 vSE Zambia, S Malawi, SE Zimbabwe, C and S Mozambique, NE South Africa
sibilans Clancey, 1966 S Mozambique (Maputo), E South Africa (N KwaZulu-Natal)
Bradornis infuscatus Chat Flycatcher
benguellensis de Sousa, 1886 vS Angola, NW Namibia
namaquensis J.D. Macdonald, 1957 vNamibia (except NW), adjacent W Botswana and NW South Africa
placidus Clancey, 1958 vBotswana (except W), N South Africa
seimundi Ogilvie-Grant, 1913 S, C and interior W South Africa
infuscatus (A. Smith, 1839) vW coastal and SW South Africa
Bradornis microrhynchus African Grey Flycatcher
pumilus Sharpe, 1895 vC Ethiopia, N Somalia
neumanni Hilgert, 1908 SE South Sudan, S Ethiopia to N Kenya, C Somalia
burae Traylor, 1970 SE Somalia, E Kenya
microrhynchus Reichenow, 1887 vSW Kenya, N, C and W Tanzania
taruensis van Someren, 1921 vSE Kenya
Bradornis mariquensis Mariqua Flycatcher
acaciae Irwin, 1957 S Angola, Namibia, W and S Botswana and adjacent NW South Africa
mariquensis A. Smith, 184777 vSW Zambia, Zimbabwe, E Botswana, N and NE South Africa
territinctus (Clancey, 1979) vNE Namibia, NW Botswana
MELAENORNIS G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Melasoma edolioides Swainson, 1837; type by original designation   78
Melaenornis brunneus Angolan Slaty Flycatcher
brunneus (Cabanis, 1886) vW Angola lowlands
bailunduensis (Neumann, 1929) vW Angola highlands
Melaenornis fischeri White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher
toruensis (E. Hartert, 1900) vE DR Congo, SW Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi
semicinctus (E. Hartert, 1916) vNE DR Congo
nyikensis (Shelley, 1899)79 vE DR Congo (Marungu Highlands), E and S Tanzania, N Malawi, NE Zambia
fischeri (Reichenow, 1884) SE South Sudan to Kenya and N Tanzania
Melaenornis chocolatinus80 Abyssinian Slaty Flycatcher
chocolatinus (Rüppell, 1840) vN and C Ethiopia, S Eritrea
reichenowi (Neumann, 1902) W Ethiopia
Melaenornis annamarulae   Forbes-Watson, 1970 Nimba Flycatcher
iE Sierra Leone and Guinea to Ghana
Melaenornis ardesiacus   Berlioz, 1936 Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher
vE DR Congo, W Uganda
Melaenornis edolioides Northern Black Flycatcher
edolioides (Swainson, 1837) Senegal and Gambia to W Cameroon
lugubris (J.W. von Müller, 1851) vE Cameroon to Eritrea, W Ethiopia, W Kenya and N Tanzania
schistaceus Sharpe, 1895 vN and E Ethiopia, N Kenya
Melaenornis pammelaina81 Southern Black Flycatcher
pammelaina (Stanley, 1814)82 Kenya to W and S DR Congo, C Angola, Zambia, E Zimbabwe, Mozambique and E South Africa.
diabolicus (Sharpe, 1877) vS Angola, SW Zambia, N Namibia, N and E Botswana, W Zimbabwe, N South Africa
EMPIDORNIS Reichenow, 1901 M - Muscicapa semipartita Rüppell, 1840; type by original designation   
Empidornis semipartitus 83  (Rüppell, 1840) Silverbird
vSW Sudan and South Sudan to W Kenya, N Tanzania
SIGELUS Cabanis, 1850 M - Lanius silens Shaw, 1809; type by monotypy 84
Sigelus silens Fiscal Flycatcher
lawsoni (Clancey, 1966) SE Botswana, N South Africa (Northern Cape, North West Province)
silens (Shaw, 1809) S, C and E South Africa, S Mozambique
HUMBLOTIA A. Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 F - Humblotia flavirostris A. Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885; type by original designation   85
Humblotia flavirostris   A. Milne-Edwards & Oustalet, 1885 Humblot's Flycatcher
vGrande Comore (Comoros)
NILTAVINAE86,87
CYORNIS Blyth, 1843 M - Phoenicura rubeculoides Vigors, 1831; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 53).   88,89
Cyornis hainanus   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1900) Hainan Blue Flycatcher
vSW and S China from Yunnan to Guangdong and Hainan, continental SE Asia except NW
Cyornis unicolor Pale Blue Flycatcher
unicolor Blyth, 184390 SE Xizang, SW China in Yunnan and Guangxi, Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand, NE India, continental SE Asia
diaoluoensis (Cheng Po-lai, Yang Lan & Lu Tai-chun, 1981) vHainan
infuscatus E. Hartert, 190291 vThai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas
Cyornis ruckii 92  (Oustalet, 1881) δ Rück's Blue Flycatcher
iNE Sumatra93
Cyornis herioti Blue-breasted Blue Flycatcher
herioti Wardlaw Ramsay, 1886 N and C Luzon (Philippines)
camarinensis (Rand & Rabor, 1967) vS Luzon (Philippines)
Cyornis pallidipes 94  (Jerdon, 1840) δ White-bellied Blue Flycatcher
iSW India in Western Ghats
Cyornis poliogenys Pale-chinned Blue Flycatcher
poliogenys W.E. Brooks, 188095 αHimalayan foothills from WC Nepal to Bhutan, NE India (except far-E), SW Myanmar
cachariensis (von Madarász, 1884) vSE Xizang, WC China in N Yunnan, eastern NE India from Arunachal Pradesh to Manipur, N Myanmar
laurentei (La Touche, 1921) SW China in S Yunnan
vernayi Whistler, 1931 EC India on E Ghats
Cyornis magnirostris 96  Blyth, 1849 Large Blue Flycatcher
vHimalayan foothills east from Sikkim, NE India, N Myanmar >> SE Myanmar in Tenasserim, N Thai-Malay Pen.
Cyornis banyumas Hill Blue Flycatcher
whitei Harington, 1908 SW and WC China in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou, N and EC continental SE Asia
lekhakuni (Deignan, 1956) Uplands of E Thailand
deignani Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 Uplands of SE Thailand
coerulifrons E.C.S. Baker, 191897 ΘUplands of Thai-Malay Pen.
ligus (Deignan, 1947) vW Java
banyumas (Horsfield, 1821) C and E Java
montanus Robinson & Kinnear, 192898 vUplands of Borneo
Cyornis lemprieri 99  (Sharpe, 1884) Palawan Blue Flycatcher
Balabac and Palawan (W Philippines)
Cyornis tickelliae Tickell's Blue Flycatcher
tickelliae Blyth, 1843 S Nepal, C, S, N and NE India, Bangladesh, N and C Myanmar
jerdoni Holdsworth, 1872 Sri Lanka
indochina Chasen & Kloss, 1928 Continental SE Asia (except NE), N Thai-Malay Pen.
sumatrensis (Sharpe, 1879) vC and S Thai-Malay Pen., NE Sumatra
lamprus Oberholser, 1917 vAnamba Is. (Indonesia)
Cyornis caerulatus Large-billed Blue Flycatcher/Sunda Blue Flycatcher
albiventer Junge, 1933 Sumatra
rufifrons Wallace, 1865 W Borneo
caerulatus (Bonaparte, 1857) vBorneo except W
Cyornis superbus   Stresemann, 1925 Bornean Blue Flycatcher
vBorneo
Cyornis rubeculoides Blue-throated Blue Flycatcher
rubeculoides (Vigors, 1831) Himalayan foothills, W Myanmar >> S India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar except N and SE
dialilaemus Salvadori, 1889 vNE India (ssp.?), E and SE Myanmar
rogersi Robinson & Kinnear, 1928 SW Myanmar
klossi Robinson, 1921 EC and SE continental SE Asia
glaucicomans Thayer & Bangs, 1909100 WC to NC and C China from N Yunnan and Guangxi to S Shaanxi and east to Hubei >> Thai-Malay Pen.
Cyornis turcosus 101  Brüggemann, 1877 Malaysian Blue Flycatcher
vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
Cyornis rufigastra Mangrove Blue Flycatcher
rufigastra (Raffles, 1822) C and S Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
longipennis Chasen & Kloss, 1930102 vKarimunjawa Is. (Java Sea)
rhizophorae Stresemann, 1925 W Java
karimatensis Oberholser, 1924 vKarimata Is. (SW Borneo)
blythi (Giebel, 1875)103 Luzon, Polillo, Catanduanes (Philippines)
marinduquensis duPont, 1972 vMarinduque (Philippines)
philippinensis Sharpe, 1877104 vW, C, S and SW Philippines
mindorensis Mearns, 1907 vMindoro (Philippines)
omissus (E. Hartert, 1896) vSulawesi
peromissus E. Hartert, 1920 vSalayar I. (off SW Sulawesi)
djampeanus (E. Hartert, 1896)105 vTanahjampea I. (Flores Sea)
kalaoensis (E. Hartert, 1896) vKalao I. (Flores Sea)
Cyornis hyacinthinus Timor Blue Flycatcher
hyacinthinus (Temminck, 1820) vSemu and Timor (Lesser Sundas)
kuehni E. Hartert, 1904106 δWetar (Lesser Sundas)
Cyornis hoevelli 107  (A.B. Meyer, 1903) Blue-fronted Blue Flycatcher
iC and SE Sulawesi
Cyornis sanfordi   Stresemann, 1931 Matinan Blue Flycatcher
iN Sulawesi
Cyornis concretus108 White-tailed Blue Flycatcher
cyaneus (Hume, 1877) vSW China in W and S Yunnan, NE India west to E Meghalaya, W, N and E continental SE Asia except C, SW and S Myanmar and Cambodia and S Vietnam
concretus (S. Müller, 1836)109 αvThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
everetti (Sharpe, 1890) Borneo
Cyornis umbratilis 110  (Strickland, 1849) Grey-chested Jungle Flycatcher
vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and satellites, N Natuna Is. (Indonesia), Borneo
Cyornis brunneatus 111  (H.H. Slater, 1897) Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher
vS and SE China >> Far-SE Myanmar in S Tenasserim, Thai-Malay Pen., NW Borneo
Cyornis nicobaricus 112,113  (Richmond, 1902) Nicobar Jungle Flycatcher
vNicobars
Cyornis olivaceus114,115 Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher
olivaceus Hume, 1877 vFar-SE Myanmar in S Tenasserim, N Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra including Belitung I., Java, Bali, N Borneo
perolivaceus (Chasen & Kloss, 1929) vBalambangan and Banggi Is. (N Borneo)
Cyornis ruficauda116 Rufous-tailed Jungle Flycatcher
ruficrissa (Sharpe, 1887) Mt. Kinabalu (NW Borneo)
isola (Hachisuka, 1932) Mountains of Borneo (except Mt. Kinabalu)
boholensis (Rand & Rabor, 1957) vBohol (Philippines)
samarensis (Steere, 1890) vSamar, Leyte (Philippines)
zamboanga (Rand & Rabor, 1957) W Mindanao on Mt. Matutum and Zamboanga Pen. (Philippines)
ruficauda (Sharpe, 1877) Basilan (Philippines)
ocularis (Bourns & Worcester, 1894)117 δvSulu Arch.
Cyornis colonus Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher
colonus (E. Hartert, 1898) Sula Is. (E Sulawesi)
pelingensis (Vaurie, 1952) vPeleng (Banggai Is.)
subsolanus (Meise, 1932) v? E Sulawesi
ANTHIPES Blyth, 1847 M - Dimorpha monileger Hodgson, 1845; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 53).118
Anthipes monileger White-gorgetted Flycatcher
monileger (Hodgson, 1845) Himalayan foothills east from C Nepal
leucops (Sharpe, 1888) NE India, N and EC continental SE Asia (except SW Myanmar)
gularis Blyth, 1847 vUplands of SW Myanmar
Anthipes solitaris119 Rufous-browed Flycatcher
submoniliger Hume, 1877 Mountains of S continental SE Asia (?except Cambodia), and N Thai-Malay Pen.
malayanus (Sharpe, 1888) vMountains of S Thai-Malay Pen. and N Sumatra
solitaris (S. Müller, 1836)120 αvMountains of S Sumatra
NILTAVA Hodgson, 1837 F - Niltava sundara Hodgson, 1837; type by original designation   
Niltava davidi   La Touche, 1907 Fujian Niltava
iSW, S and SE China north to Sichuan, Guizhou and Fujian, ?NW Vietnam >> E continental SE Asia
Niltava sundara121 Rufous-bellied Niltava
whistleri Ticehurst, 1926 Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand
sundara Hodgson, 1837 vSW China in W Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from Nepal, NE India, W and C Myanmar >> N and NE India, C and S Myanmar
denotata Bangs & J.C. Phillips, 1914 vSW to NC China from E Yunnan and Guizhou to Sichuan and Shaanxi >> NW Thailand, N Laos
Niltava sumatrana   Salvadori, 1879 Rufous-vented Niltava
vMountains of S Thai-Malay Pen. and Sumatra
Niltava vivida Vivid Niltava
oatesi Salvadori, 1887 SE Xizang, SW and WC China in Yunnan and SW Sichuan, Bhutan >> NE India, N continental SE Asia east to NW Vietnam, and SE Thailand
vivida (Swinhoe, 1864) vTaiwan
Niltava grandis Large Niltava
grandis (Blyth, 1842) vHimalayan foothills east for C Nepal, NE India, Myanmar, W and N Thailand
griseiventris La Touche, 1921 vSW China in SE Yunnan, N and C Laos, NW Vietnam
decorata Robinson & Kloss, 1919 vLangbian mountains (SC Vietnam)
decipiens Salvadori, 1891122 Mountains of Thai-Malay Pen.
Niltava macgrigoriae Small Niltava
macgrigoriae (E. Burton, 1836)123 δHimalayan foothills from Uttarakhand to West Bengal
signata (McClelland, 1840)124 vS and SE Xizang, SW China in Yunnan and S Guizhou, Himalayan foothills east from Sikkim, NE India, N and EC continental SE Asia
CYANOPTILA Blyth, 1847 F - Muscicapa cyanomelana Temminck, 1829; type by monotypy   125
Cyanoptila cyanomelana Blue-and-white Flycatcher
intermedia (Weigold, 1922)126 vSE Russia, Korea and NE China >> SE Asia
cyanomelana (Temminck, 1829)127 δvS Kuril Is., Japan, S Korea >> Taiwan, Hainan, Borneo, W and N Philippines
Cyanoptila cumatilis 128  Thayer & Bangs, 1909 Zappey's Flycatcher
vC China
EUMYIAS Cabanis, 1851 M - Muscicapa indigo Horsfield, 1821; type by monotypy   129,130
Eumyias sordidus   (Walden, 1870) Dull Verditer Flycatcher
vMountains of Sri Lanka
Eumyias thalassinus131 Asian Verditer Flycatcher
thalassinus (Swainson, 1838) vSE Xizang, SW to NC and C China north to S Shaanxi and east to Hubei and Hunan, Himalayan foothills, NE India, continental SE Asia (except SW) >> SW India, Bangladesh, W continental SE Asia, N Thai-Malay Pen.
thalassoides (Cabanis, 1851)132 αThai-Malay Pen. (except far-N), Sumatra, Borneo
Eumyias panayensis Island Verditer Flycatcher
nigrimentalis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) vMountains of Luzon, Mindoro (Philippines)
panayensis Sharpe, 1877 vMountains of Panay, Negros (Philippines)
nigriloris (E. Hartert, 1904) vMountains of Mindanao (Philippines)
septentrionalis (Büttikofer, 1893) vMountains of Sulawesi except SW
meridionalis (Büttikofer, 1893) vMountains of SW Sulawesi
obiensis (E. Hartert, 1912) vObi (N Moluccas)
harterti (van Oort, 1911) Seram (S Moluccas)
Eumyias albicaudatus   (Jerdon, 1840) Nilgiri Verditer Flycatcher
vSW India in Western Ghats
Eumyias indigo Indigo Flycatcher
ruficrissa (Salvadori, 1879) Mountains of Sumatra
indigo (Horsfield, 1821) Mountains of Java
cerviniventris (Sharpe, 1887) vMountains of Borneo
Eumyias additus 133,134  (E. Hartert, 1900) Streaky-breasted Jungle Flycatcher
vBuru (S Moluccas)
Eumyias oscillans 135  (E. Hartert, 1897) Flores Jungle Flycatcher/Russet-backed Jungle Flycatcher
Flores, ? Sumbawa (Lesser Sundas)
Eumyias stresemanni 136,137  (Siebers, 1928) Sumba Jungle Flycatcher
Sumba (Lesser Sundas)
COSSYPHINAE138
COSSYPHA Vigors, 1825 F - Turdus vociferans Swainson, 1823; type by original designation = Muscicapa dichroa J.F. Gmelin, 1789  139
Cossypha archeri Archer's Robin Chat/Archer's Ground Robin
archeri Sharpe, 1902 E DR Congo, SW Uganda, W Rwanda, W Burundi
kimbutui (Prigogine, 1955)140 E DR Congo (Mt. Kabobo)
Cossypha anomala Olive-flanked Robin Chat/Olive-flanked Ground Robin
grotei (Reichenow, 1932)141 E and S Tanzania
anomala (Shelley, 1893)142 vS Malawi (Mt. Mulanje), N Mozambique (Mt. Namuli)
macclounii (Shelley, 1903) SW Tanzania, N Malawi, NE Zambia
mbuluensis (C.H.B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1937)143 αvNC Tanzania (Mbulu Highlands)
Cossypha isabellae Mountain Robin Chat
batesi (Bannerman, 1922) E Nigeria, W Cameroon
isabellae G.R. Gray, 1862 SW Cameroon (Mont Cameroun)
Cossypha caffra Cape Robin Chat
iolaema Reichenow, 1900144 vS South Sudan to Malawi and N Mozambique
kivuensis Schouteden, 1937 vSW Uganda, E DR Congo
caffra (Linnaeus, 1771)145 vE Zimbabwe, NE, E and S South Africa.
namaquensis W.L. Sclater, 1911 vS Namibia, N and C South Africa
Cossypha humeralis 146  (A. Smith, 1836) White-throated Robin Chat
vZimbabwe, E Botswana, S Mozambique, NE South Africa
Cossypha heuglini White-browed Robin Chat
subrufescens Bocage, 1869 Gabon to W Angola
heuglini Hartlaub, 1866147 S Chad, SW Sudan and South Sudan to E Angola, N Botswana, W and N Zambia, N Malawi
intermedia (Cabanis, 1868)148 vS Somalia, coastal E Africa to SE Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa
Cossypha semirufa Rüppell's Robin Chat
semirufa (Rüppell, 1840) vS and W Ethiopia to SE South Sudan and N Kenya
donaldsoni Sharpe, 1895 E Ethiopia
intercedens (Cabanis, 1878) C and SE Kenya, N Tanzania
Cossypha niveicapilla Snowy-crowned Robin Chat
niveicapilla (Lafresnaye, 1838) S Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone to Nigeria, Sudan and W Ethiopia
melanonota (Cabanis, 1875)149 vS Cameroon to W Kenya, south to NE Angola
Cossypha albicapillus White-crowned Robin Chat
albicapillus (Vieillot, 1818)150 δSenegal and Gambia to NE Guinea
giffardi E. Hartert, 1899 N Ghana to N Cameroon
omoensis Sharpe, 1900 vSE South Sudan, SW Ethiopia
Cossypha dichroa Chorister Robin Chat
dichroa (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vE and S South Africa (Mpumalanga to Eastern Cape, SE Western Cape)
mimica Clancey, 1981 vNE South Africa (Limpopo) [Clancey, 1981 #912]
Cossypha heinrichi 151  Rand, 1955 δ White-headed Robin Chat
iN Angola, W DR Congo
Cossypha natalensis Red-capped Robin Chat
larischi Meise, 1958152 αNigeria to N Angola
intensa Mearns, 1913153 vS Somalia, S South Sudan and E Africa to E Angola, S DR Congo
natalensis A. Smith, 1840 vMozambique, lowland SE Zimbabwe, E and SE South Africa, Swaziland
hylophona Clancey, 1952154 Highlands of SW Tanzania, Malawi, E Zimbabwe and W Mozambique
Cossypha cyanocampter Blue-shouldered Robin Chat
cyanocampter (Bonaparte, 1850) Sierra Leone and Guinea to W Togo; Nigeria to Gabon
bartteloti Shelley, 1890155 NE DR Congo to S South Sudan and W Kenya
COSSYPHICULA Grote, 1934 F - Callene roberti Alexander, 1903; type by monotypy   156
Cossyphicula roberti White-bellied Robin Chat
roberti (Alexander, 1903) Bioko; E Nigeria, W Cameroon
rufescentior (E. Hartert, 1908) vE DR Congo, Rwanda, W Uganda
XENOCOPSYCHUS E. Hartert, 1907 M - Xenocopsychus ansorgei E. Hartert, 1907; type by monotypy   157
Xenocopsychus ansorgei   E. Hartert, 1907 Angola Cave Chat
iW Angola
CHAMAETYLAS F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Geocichla compsonota Cassin, 1859; type by original designation and monotypy158
Chamaetylas poliophrys Red-throated Alethe
poliophrys (Sharpe, 1902) NE and E DR Congo, W Uganda, W Rwanda, W Burundi
kaboboensis (Prigogine, 1957) vE DR Congo (Mt. Kabobo)
Chamaetylas poliocephala159 Brown-chested Alethe
poliocephala (Bonaparte, 1850) αvSierra Leone to Ghana
compsonota (Cassin, 1859)160 vBioko; Nigeria to NW Angola [Cassin, 1859 #678]
giloensis (Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981) vSE South Sudan (Imatong Mts.) [Cunningham-van Someren, 1981 #1103]
vandeweghei (Prigogine, 1984) Rwanda, Burundi [Prigogine, 1984 #3148]
carruthersi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906)161 E DR Congo, Uganda, W Kenya
akeleyae (Dearborn, 1909)162 C Kenya
kungwensis (Moreau, 1941) vW Tanzania (Mt. Kungwe)
ufipae (Moreau, 1942) SE DR Congo, SW Tanzania
hallae (Traylor, 1961) W Angola (Gabela)
Chamaetylas fuelleborni 163  (Reichenow, 1900) White-chested Alethe
NE Tanzania to NE Zambia and N Malawi, C Mozambique
Chamaetylas choloensis Cholo Alethe
choloensis (W.L. Sclater, 1927) vS Malawi, adjacent Mozambique (Mt. Chiperone)
namuli (Vincent, 1933) NC Mozambique (Mt. Namuli)
POGONOCICHLA Cabanis, 1847 F - Muscicapa stellata Vieillot, 1818; type by original designation   164
Pogonocichla stellata White-starred Robin
ruwenzorii (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906)165 SW Uganda, W Rwanda, NE DR Congo
pallidiflava Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 vSE South Sudan (Imatong Mts.) [Cunningham-van Someren, 1981 #1103]
elgonensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1911) vMt. Elgon (Uganda/Kenya)
intensa Sharpe, 1901 vN and C Kenya, N Tanzania
guttifer (Reichenow & Neumann, 1895) N Tanzania (Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru)
macarthuri van Someren, 1939 SE Kenya (Chyulu Range)
helleri Mearns, 1913166 SE Kenya (Taita Hills), NE Tanzania
orientalis (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) vE and SW Tanzania, Malawi, N Mozambique
transvaalensis (Roberts, 1912)167 vE Zimbabwe and W Mozambique to NE South Africa (Limpopo to NE KwaZulu-Natal)
stellata (Vieillot, 1818) vSE and S South Africa (S KwaZulu-Natal to E Western Cape)
SWYNNERTONIA Roberts, 1922 F - Erythracus swynnertoni Shelley, 1906; type by monotypy and virtual tautonymy   168
Swynnertonia swynnertoni Swynnerton's Robin
swynnertoni (Shelley, 1906)169 E Zimbabwe, W Mozambique
rodgersi Jensen & Stuart, 1982 C Tanzania (Udzungwa Mts.), NE Tanzania (E Usambara Mts.) [Jensen, 1982 #2114]
ERITHACUS Cuvier, 1800 M - Le rouge-gorge Cuvier; type by monotypy = Motacilla rubecula Linnaeus, 1758  
Erithacus rubecula European Robin
melophilus E. Hartert, 1901 vBritish Isles >> SW Europe
rubecula (Linnaeus, 1758)170 Continental Europe to Ural Mts. and W Asia Minor, NW Morocco, W Canary Is., Madeira, Azores >> Europe and NE Africa
tataricus Grote, 1928 vUral Mts. and SW Siberia >> SW Asia
valens Portenko, 1954171 S Crimea
hyrcanus Blanford, 1874 vSE Azerbaijan, N Iran >> Middle East
caucasicus Buturlin, 1907172 vE Turkey, Caucasus area >> Middle East
witherbyi E. Hartert, 1910 N Algeria, N Tunisia
superbus A.F. Koenig, 1889173 vTenerife, Gran Canaria (Canary Is.)
CICHLADUSA W. Peters, 1863 F - Cichladusa arquata W. Peters, 1863; type by original designation   174
Cichladusa arquata   W. Peters, 1863 Collared Palm Thrush
vSE DR Congo, S Uganda and coastal Kenya to S Mozambique
Cichladusa ruficauda   (Hartlaub, 1857) Red-tailed Palm Thrush
iS Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon and W DR Congo to W Angola
Cichladusa guttata Spotted Palm Thrush
guttata (von Heuglin, 1862) vSouth Sudan, NE DR Congo, Uganda, NW Kenya
intercalans Clancey, 1986 SW Ethiopia to C Kenya and C Tanzania [Clancey, 1986 #932]
rufipennis Sharpe, 1901 vS Somalia, E Kenya, NE Tanzania
SHEPPARDIA Haagner, 1909 F - Sheppardia gunningi Haagner, 1909; type by monotypy   175
Sheppardia bocagei Bocage's Akalat
granti (Serle, 1949) W Cameroon
insulana (Grote, 1935)176 vBioko
kungwensis (Moreau, 1941) vW Tanzania (Mt. Kungwe)
ilyai (Prigogine, 1987)177 δW Tanzania (east of Mt. Kungwe) [Prigogine, 1987 #3153]
kaboboensis (Prigogine, 1955)178 vE DR Congo (Mt. Kabobo)
schoutedeni (Prigogine, 1952) E DR Congo
chapini (Benson, 1955)179 N Zambia, SE DR Congo
bocagei (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870) W Angola
Sheppardia cyornithopsis Lowland Akalat
houghtoni Bannerman, 1931 Sierra Leone to Ghana
cyornithopsis (Sharpe, 1901) S Cameroon, Gabon
lopesi (Alexander, 1907)180 δN and E DR Congo, W and S Uganda
Sheppardia aequatorialis Equatorial Akalat
acholiensis J.D. Macdonald, 1940181 vS South Sudan (Imatong Mts.)
aequatorialis (F.J. Jackson, 1906)182 vE DR Congo, S Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, W Kenya
Sheppardia sharpei Sharpe's Akalat
usambarae J.D. Macdonald, 1940 E Tanzania (Usambara and Nguru Mts.)
sharpei (Shelley, 1903) E and S Tanzania, NE Zambia, N Malawi
Sheppardia gunningi East Coast Akalat
sokokensis (van Someren, 1921) vCoastal SE Kenya, NE Tanzania
alticola Fjeldså, Roy & Kiure, 2000 E Tanzania (Nguru Mts.) [Fjeldså, 2000 #4382]
bensoni Kinnear, 1938183 NC Malawi
gunningi Haagner, 1909 N and C Mozambique
Sheppardia gabela   (Rand, 1957) Gabela Akalat
iWC Angola
Sheppardia montana   (Reichenow, 1907) Usambara Akalat
vNE Tanzania (W Usambara Mts.)
Sheppardia lowei   (C.H.B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1941) Iringa Akalat
iS Tanzania (Udzungwa Mts. to Livingstone Mts.)
Sheppardia polioptera184 Grey-winged Akalat
nigriceps (Reichenow, 1910) Sierra Leone to N Cameroon
tessmanni (Reichenow, 1921) E Cameroon
polioptera (Reichenow, 1892) vS South Sudan to E DR Congo, Burundi and W Kenya
grimwoodi (C.M.N. White, 1954)185 N Angola, N Zambia and SE DR Congo
Sheppardia aurantiithorax 186  Beresford, Fjeldså & Kiure, 2004 Rubeho Akalat
C Tanzania (Rubeho Mts. and Ukaguru Mts.) [Beresford, 2004 #276]
STIPHRORNIS Hartlaub, 1855 M - Stiphrornis erythrothorax Hartlaub, 1855; type by original designation   187
Stiphrornis erythrothorax Forest Robin
erythrothorax Hartlaub, 1855 Sierra Leone to S Nigeria
pyrrholaemus Schmidt & Angehr, 2008 vSW Gabon [Schmidt, 2008 #10952]
gabonensis Sharpe, 1883 vGabon (except SW), Bioko
xanthogaster Sharpe, 1903188 S Cameroon to N and C DR Congo, S Uganda
sanghensis Beresford & Cracraft, 1999189 vCentral African Republic (Dzanga-Sangha Dense Forest Reserve) [Beresford, 1999 #274]
SAXICOLINAE190
VAURIELLA Wolters, 1980 F - Rhinomyias insignis Ogilvie-Grant, 1895; type by original designation191
Vauriella gularis 192,193  (Sharpe, 1888) Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher
vMountains of Borneo
Vauriella albigularis 194  (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) White-throated Jungle Flycatcher
vPanay, Guimaras (formerly), Negros (WC Philippines)
Vauriella insignis   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895) White-browed Jungle Flycatcher
vN Luzon (Philippines)
Vauriella goodfellowi   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1905) Slaty-backed Jungle Flycatcher
Mountains of N and SC Mindanao (Philippines)
HEINRICHIA Stresemann, 1931 F - Heinrichia calligyna Stresemann, 1931; type by original designation   
Heinrichia calligyna195 Great Shortwing
simplex Stresemann, 1931 Mountains of N Sulawesi
calligyna Stresemann, 1931 vMountains of C Sulawesi
picta Stresemann, 1932 vMountains of SE Sulawesi
BRACHYPTERYX Horsfield, 1821 F - Brachypteryx montana Horsfield, 1821; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 41).   196
Brachypteryx montana White-browed Shortwing
cruralis (Blyth, 1843) vSE Xizang, WC China, Himalayan foothills east from Himachal Pradesh, mountains of W, N and EC continental SE Asia
sinensis Rickett, 1897197 vMountains of SE China
goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1912198 Mountains of Taiwan
sillimani Ripley & Rabor, 1962 Mountains of S Palawan (Philippines)
poliogyna Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 vMountains of N Luzon (Philippines)
andersoni Rand & Rabor, 1967 Mountains of S Luzon (Philippines)
mindorensis E. Hartert, 1916199 vMountains of Mindoro (Philippines)
brunneiceps Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 Mountains of Panay and Negros (Philippines)
malindangensis Mearns, 1909 vW Mindanao on Mt. Malindang (Philippines)
mindanensis Mearns, 1905 vMountains of C and S Mindanao (Philippines)
erythrogyna Sharpe, 1888 vMountains of Borneo
saturata Salvadori, 1879 vMountains of Sumatra
montana Horsfield, 1821200 αvMountains of W and C Java
floris E. Hartert, 1897 Mountains of Flores (Lesser Sundas)
Brachypteryx leucophris Lesser Shortwing
nipalensis F. Moore, 1854201 vSW China in W Yunnan, SW Sichuan, Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand, W and N Myanmar
carolinae La Touche, 1898 S and SE China, W and N continental SE Asia (except NW Myanmar), mountains of SE Thailand and N Thai-Malay Pen.
langbianensis Delacour & Greenway, 1939 vMountains of S Laos and S Vietnam
wrayi Ogilvie-Grant, 1906202 Mountains of S Thai-Malay Pen.
leucophris (Temminck, 1828)203,204 ΘMountains of Sumatra, Java, Bali, and Lesser Sundas east to Timor
Brachypteryx hyperythra 205  Blyth, 1861 Rusty-bellied Shortwing
vSW China, Himalayan foothills east from West Bengal
Brachypteryx major206 Western Ghats Shortwing
1 major (Jerdon, 1841)207 αvWestern Ghats in Karnataka and W Tamil Nadu
2 albiventris (Blanford, 1868)208 αvWestern Ghats in Kerala, SW Tamil Nadu
HETEROXENICUS Sharpe, 1902 M - Brachypteryx (Drymochares) stellatus Gould, 1868; type by original designation and monotypy209
Heteroxenicus stellatus Gould's Shortwing
stellatus (Gould, 1868) vSE Xizang, Himalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand, NE Myanmar
fuscus (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) vMountains of NW Vietnam
LARVIVORA Hodgson, 1837 F - Larvivora cyana Hodgson, 1837; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 26). = Motacilla cyane Pallas, 1776210
Larvivora sibilans   Swinhoe, 1863 Rufous-tailed Robin
C Siberia east to Yakutia, Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Kuril Is., Russian Far East, Mongolia, NE China >> S China, N continental SE Asia east from NW Thailand
Larvivora akahige Japanese Robin
akahige (Temminck, 1835)211 Sakhalin, S Kuril Is., Japan >> Ryukyu Is., SE China
tanensis (N. Kuroda, Sr., 1923) vIzu Is. and satellites of S Kyushu (Japan)
Larvivora komadori Ryukyu Robin
komadori (Temminck, 1835)212 Tanega-shima and Toku-no-shima (N Ryukyu Is.) >> S Ryukyu Is.
namiyei (Stejneger, 1887)213 αOkinawa (Okinawa Is.)
Larvivora brunnea Indian Blue Robin
brunnea Hodgson, 1837 vNE Afghanistan, SE Xizang, WC to NC China from N Yunnan and Sichuan to S Gansu and Shaanxi, Himalayas, far-NE India >> S India, Sri Lanka
wickhami E.C.S. Baker, 1916 W Myanmar in Chin hills
Larvivora cyane Siberian Blue Robin
cyane (Pallas, 1776) SC Siberia east to Baikal >> S and SE China, Himalayan foothills east from Himachal Pradesh, NW continental SE Asia
bochaiensis Shulpin, 1928 vE Siberia, NE China, N Korea >> Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas
nechaevi (Red'kin, 2006) S Sakhalin, S Kuril Is., Japan >> SE Asia [Red'kin, 2006 #10422]
Larvivora ruficeps   E. Hartert, 1907 Rufous-headed Robin
WC China in N Sichuan and S Shaanxi >> C Cambodia, S Thai-Malay Pen.
IRANIA Defilippi, 1863 F - Irania filoti Defilippi, 1863; type by monotypy = Cossypha gutturalis Guérin-Méneville, 1843  
Irania gutturalis   (Guérin-Méneville, 1843) White-throated Irania
vSW Asia from NE Mediterranean, Afghanistan, C Asia to S Kazakhstan and Tajikistan >> NE and E Africa
LUSCINIA T. Forster, 1817 F - Luscinia aedon T. Forster, 1817; type by monotypy = Sylvia luscinia Latham et auct. = Luscinia megarhynchos C.L. Brehm, 1831  214
Luscinia luscinia   (Linnaeus, 1758) Thrush Nightingale
iN, C and E Europe, SW Siberia, N Kazakhstan >> SE Africa
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale
megarhynchos C.L. Brehm, 1831215 NW Africa, W, C and S Europe, Levant, W and C Turkey >> W and C Africa
africana (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) vCaucasus area and E Turkey to SW and N Iran >> NE and E Africa
golzii Cabanis, 1873216 E Iran to Kazakhstan, Xinjiang, SW Mongolia, C Asia >> E Africa
Luscinia svecica Bluethroat
svecica (Linnaeus, 1758) vFenno-Scandia, N, C and E Russia to far-NE Siberia and N Alaska, south to Russian far East and far-NE China >> N Africa, SW and S Asia, SE China, continental SE Asia
namnetum Mayaud, 1934217 SW and C France >> ? W Africa
cyanecula (Meisner, 1804) vN and E France and Netherlands to W Ukraine and Belarus >> S Europe, N and N tropical Africa
azuricollis (Rafinesque, 1814)218 vN and C Iberia >> W Africa [Rafinesque, 1814 #15627]
volgae (O. Kleinschmidt, 1907) NE Ukraine, C and E Russia >> NE Africa, SW Asia
luristanica (Ripley, 1952)219 vE Turkey, Caucasus area, NW Iran >> Arabia, NE Africa
pallidogularis (Sarudny, 1897) vSE Russia, SW Siberia to Baikal, C Asia in lowland Kazakhstan >> SW Asia, NW and N India
abbotti (Richmond, 1896) E Afghanistan, Himalayas from Pakistan to N Himachal Pradesh
saturatior (Sushkin, 1925) vSC Siberia in Sayan and Altai ranges, mountains of C Asia south to Tien Shan and Pamir
kobdensis (Tugarinov, 1929)220 vSE Siberia on S Altai, W Mongolia, NW China in Xinjiang, east to Tarim basin
przevalskii (Tugarinov, 1929)221 N and NC China from E Qinghai to Shaanxi and Nei Mongol >> SW China
Luscinia phaenicuroides White-bellied Redstart
phaenicuroides (J.E. & G.R. Gray, 1847)222,223 ΘSE Xizang, Himalayas, W Myanmar
ichangensis (E.C.S. Baker, 1922) vSW to WC, C and NC China from Yunnan and Guizhou north to E Qinghai and Gansu to Hebei; N continental SE Asia east to NW Vietnam >> N continental SE Asia
ENICURUS Temminck, 1822 M - Enicurus coronatus Temminck, 1822; type by monotypy = Turdus leschenaulti Vieillot, 1818  
Enicurus scouleri 224  Vigors, 1832 Little Forktail
iC Asia from Pamir and Alai to Tien Shan ranges, SE Xizang, China (except NW and N), Taiwan, Himalayan foothills, NE India, W and N Myanmar, N Vietnam
Enicurus velatus Sunda Forktail
sumatranus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 vMountains of Sumatra
velatus Temminck, 1822 vMountains of Java
Enicurus ruficapillus 225,226  Temminck, 1832 Θ Chestnut-naped Forktail
iThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
Enicurus immaculatus   (Hodgson, 1836) Black-backed Forktail
vSW China in W Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from W Uttarakhand, NE India, E Bangladesh, Myanmar, NW Thailand
Enicurus schistaceus   (Hodgson, 1836) Slaty-backed Forktail
vSW, SC and SE China east to Fujian, Himalayan foothills from E Uttarakhand, NE India, mountains of mainland SE Asia
Enicurus leschenaulti227 White-crowned Forktail
1 indicus E. Hartert, 1910228 αvSW China in S Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from West Bengal, W, N and EC continental SE Asia
1 sinensis Gould, 1866229 αvChina (except NW, NE and far-SW) south to Hainan
1 frontalis Blyth, 1847 vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra including Nias I., lowland Borneo
2 borneensis Sharpe, 1889 vMountains of Borneo
2 chaseni Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 Batu Is. (NW Sumatra)
2 leschenaulti (Vieillot, 1818) Java, Bali
Enicurus maculatus Spotted Forktail
maculatus Vigors, 1831 vNE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills east to E Nepal
guttatus Gould, 1866230 αvS Xizang, SW China in W and C Yunnan, SW Sichuan, Himalayan foothills east from E Nepal, NE India, Myanmar (except S and SE)
bacatus Bangs & J.C. Phillips, 1914 vSW and SE China in SE Yunnan and Fujian, NE continental SE Asia
robinsoni E.C.S. Baker, 1922 Langbian mountains (SC Vietnam)
CINCLIDIUM Blyth, 1842 N - Cinclidium frontale Blyth, 1842; type by monotypy   231
Cinclidium frontale Blue-fronted Robin
frontale Blyth, 1842 vHimalayan foothills east from West Bengal
orientale (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) vSW China, far-NE India, N continental SE Asia east from NW Thailand
MYOPHONUS Temminck, 1822 M - Myophonus metallicus Temminck, 1822; type by monotypy = Turdus flavirostris Horsfield, 1821  232
Myophonus blighi   (Holdsworth, 1872) Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush
iMountains of Sri Lanka
Myophonus melanurus   (Salvadori, 1879) Shiny Whistling Thrush
vSumatra
Myophonus glaucinus233 Sunda Whistling Thrush
1 glaucinus (Temminck, 1823) vJava and Bali
2 castaneus Wardlaw Ramsay, 1880 vSumatra
3 borneensis H.H. Slater, 1885 vBorneo
Myophonus robinsoni   Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 Malayan Whistling Thrush
iMountains of S Thai-Malay Pen.
Myophonus horsfieldii   Vigors, 1831 Malabar Whistling Thrush
iW and S India
Myophonus insularis 234  Gould, 1863 α Taiwan Whistling Thrush
vMountains of Taiwan
Myophonus caeruleus235 Blue Whistling Thrush
temminckii Vigors, 1831236,237 αWC China in Sichuan (except E), Afghanistan and C Asia to Tien Shan, Himalayas east from Pakistan, NE India, N and NE Myanmar
caeruleus (Scopoli, 1786) vC and E China >> S China, NE continental SE Asia
eugenei Hume, 1873 SW China in C and S Yunnan, W, N and EC continental SE Asia
crassirostris Robinson, 1910 vS continental SE Asia, N Thai-Malay Pen.
dichrorhynchus Salvadori, 1879 vS Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
flavirostris (Horsfield, 1821) vJava
CALLIOPE Gould, 1836 F - Calliope lathamii Gould, 1836; type by monotypy and tautonymy = Motacilla calliope Pallas, 1776238,239
Calliope pectardens 240  David, 1877 α Firethroat
SE Xizang, SW and WC China to SW Gansu and S Shaanxi >> NE India, N Myanmar
Calliope obscura 241,242  (Berezovski & Bianchi, 1891) Blackthroat
vWC to NC China in N Sichuan, SW Gansu and S Shaanxi
Calliope pectoralis White-tailed Rubythroat
ballioni (Severtsov, 1873)243 NE Afghanistan, C Asia from Pamir to Tien Shan ranges
pectoralis Gould, 1837 vHimalayas east to C Nepal >> N India
confusa (E. Hartert, 1910) vHimalayas from E Nepal to Sikkim >> NE India
tschebaiewi Przevalski, 1876 S, E and NE Xizang, WC and NC China from N Yunnan to Qinghai, Himalayas in Ladakh, N Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh >> NE India, NE Bangladesh
Calliope calliope 244  (Pallas, 1776) Siberian Rubythroat
C Ural Mts. through Siberia, Mongolia and N and C China east to Kamchatka, the Commander and Kuril Is., N Japan and N Korea >> S and SE Asia including the Philippines
MYIOMELA G.R. Gray, 1846 F - Muscisylvia leucura Hodgson, 1845; type by original designation   
Myiomela leucura White-tailed Robin
leucura (Hodgson, 1845) vSW to NC, C and S China from Yunnan to E Qinghai east to Ningxia, Hubei, Guangxi and Hainan, Himalayas east from C Nepal, NE India, N Bangladesh, mountains of mainland SE Asia (except range of cambodiana)
montium Swinhoe, 1864245 Mountains of Taiwan
cambodiana (Delacour & Jabouille, 1928) vMountains of SE continental SE Asia
Myiomela diana Sunda Robin
sumatrana (Robinson & Kloss, 1918) vMountains of N and C Sumatra
diana (Lesson, 1832)246 αMountains of Java
TARSIGER Hodgson, 1845 M - Tarsiger chrysaeus Hodgson, 1845; type by original designation and monotypy247
Tarsiger indicus White-browed Bush Robin
indicus (Vieillot, 1817) vHimalayan foothills east from Uttarakhand
yunnanensis Rothschild, 1922 vWC China in N Yunnan and W Sichuan, N Myanmar, NW Vietnam
formosanus E. Hartert, 1910248 αvTaiwan
Tarsiger johnstoniae   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) Collared Bush Robin
Taiwan
Tarsiger chrysaeus Golden Bush Robin
whistleri Ticehurst, 1922 Himalayan foothills east to Uttarakhand
chrysaeus Hodgson, 1845 vSE and E Xizang, WC and NC China from N Yunnan and W Sichuan to SE Qinghai, Gansu and S Shaanxi, Himalayan foothills east from E Uttarakhand >> NE India (status?), N continental SE Asia
Tarsiger cyanurus 249  (Pallas, 1773) Red-flanked Bluetail
vNE Europe to W and SE Siberia, Russian Far East, Japan (except S), Korea (except S), Mongolia, NE China >> S China, continental SE Asia except S
Tarsiger rufilatus250 Himalayan Bluetail
pallidior (E.C.S. Baker, 1924)251,252 δvHimalayan foothills east to Uttarakhand
rufilatus (Hodgson, 1845) vS and E Xizang, WC to NC China from N Yunnan and Guizhou to E Qinghai, Gansu and Shaanxi, Himalayan foothills east from W Nepal, NE India >> W, C and E Myanmar (status?), N Thailand
Tarsiger hyperythrus   (Blyth, 1847) Rufous-breasted Bush Robin
vSE Xizang, WC China in N Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from WC Nepal >> N Myanmar (status?)
FICEDULA Brisson, 1760 F - Ficedula Brisson; type by tautonymy = Motacilla hypoleuca Pallas, 1764  253,254
Ficedula subrubra   (E. Hartert & F. Steinbacher, 1934) Kashmir Flycatcher
vHimalayan foothills east to Kashmir >> Sri Lanka
Ficedula parva 255  (Bechstein, 1792) Red-breasted Flycatcher
vC and E Europe, SW Siberia, SW Asia to N Iran >> Pakistan, NW and W India
Ficedula albicilla 256  (Pallas, 1811) Taiga Flycatcher
WC to E and NE Siberia, to Chukotka and Kamchatka, south to N Russian Far East >> SE China, E and NE India, Bangladesh, mainland SE Asia, NW Borneo
Ficedula speculigera 257  (Bonaparte, 1850) Atlas Flycatcher
vNW Africa >> W Africa
Ficedula semitorquata 258  (von Homeyer, 1885) Semi-collared Flycatcher
vAlbania and Greece to Bulgaria, Turkey, Caucasus area and Iran >> EC Africa
Ficedula hypoleuca European Pied Flycatcher
hypoleuca (Pallas, 1764) vW, N and C Europe to Ural Mts. >> W and WC Africa
iberiae (Witherby, 1928)259 Iberia >> W Africa
tomensis (H. Johansen, 1916)260 vW and SC Siberia >> W ? and WC Africa
Ficedula albicollis 261  (Temminck, 1815) Collared Flycatcher
vSE Sweden; E France and Italy to N Macedonia, Ukraine and C Russia >> SC Africa
Ficedula hyperythra Snowy-browed Flycatcher
hyperythra (Blyth, 1843) vSE Xizang, SW, SC and WC China from Yunnan to Sichuan and W Guangdong including Hainan, Himalayas east from W Uttarakhand, NE India, SE Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia
annamensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) vLangbian mountains (SC Vietnam)
innexa (Swinhoe, 1866) vMountains of Taiwan
sumatrana (Hachisuka, 1926) vMountains of S Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo (except far-W)
mjobergi (E. Hartert, 1925) Poi Range (W Borneo)
vulcani (Robinson, 1918) Mountains of Java, Bali and Lesser Sundas east to Flores
clarae (Mayr, 1944) Mountains of Timor
audacis (E. Hartert, 1906) Babar (Lesser Sundas)
rara (Salomonsen, 1977) vMountains of Palawan (Philippines)
calayensis (McGregor, 1921) vCalayan (Philippines)
luzoniensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894)262 vMountains of Luzon and Mindoro (Philippines)
nigrorum (J. Whitehead, 1897) Mountains of Panay and Negros (Philippines)
montigena (Mearns, 1905) C Mindanao on Mt. Apo and Mt. Kitanglad (Philippines)
matutumensis Kennedy, 1987 vS Mindanao on Mt. Busa and Mt. Matutum (Philippines) [Kennedy, 1987 #2197]
daggayana Meyer de Schauensee & duPont, 1962 vMountains of NC Mindanao (Philippines)
malindangensis Rand & Rabor, 1957 vNW Mindanao on Mt. Malindang (Philippines)
jugosae (Riley, 1921) Mountains of C, SW and SE Sulawesi
annalisa (Stresemann, 1931) Mountains of N Sulawesi
negroides (Stresemann, 1914) Mountains of Seram (S Moluccas)
pallidipectus (E. Hartert, 1903) Mountains of Bacan (N Moluccas)
alifura (Stresemann, 1912) vMountains of Buru (S Moluccas)
Ficedula basilanica Little Slaty Flycatcher
samarensis (Bourns & Worcester, 1894) vSamar, Leyte (Philippines)
basilanica (Sharpe, 1877) vDinagat, Mindanao, Basilan (Philippines)
Ficedula strophiata Rufous-gorgetted Flycatcher
strophiata (Hodgson, 1837) vS and E Xizang, SW to NC China from W Yunnan north and east to SW Gansu, Shaanxi and Guizhou, Himalayan foothills east from W Himachal Pradesh, N continental SE Asia >> S China, Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia
fuscogularis (E.C.S. Baker, 1923) vS Laos, S Vietnam
Ficedula superciliaris Ultramarine Flycatcher
superciliaris (Jerdon, 1840) vNE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills east to Uttarakhand >> C India
aestigma (J.E. & G.R. Gray, 1847)263 αS and SE Xizang, SW and WC China in Yunnan and SW Sichuan, Himalayan foothills east from W Nepal >> NE India, Bangladesh, C and E Myanmar, NW Thailand
Ficedula rufigula   (Wallace, 1865) Rufous-throated Flycatcher
iSulawesi
Ficedula westermanni264 Little Pied Flycatcher
collini (Rothschild, 1925) Himalayan foothills from Himachal Pradesh to Sikkim >> N and NE India, Bangladesh
australorientis (Ripley, 1952) vSE Xizang, SW to SC and S China from Yunnan to Guizhou and Guangxi, Himalayan foothills east from Bhutan, NE India, continental SE Asia except SE >> N and NE India, Bangladesh
langbianis (Kloss, 1927) vLangbian mountains (SC Vietnam)
westermanni (Sharpe, 1888)265 Mountains of Thai-Malay Pen., N Sumatra, Borneo, Camiguin Sur and Mindanao (Philippines), Sulawesi (except SW) including Taliabu I., Bacan and Seram (N and S Moluccas)
rabori (Ripley, 1952)266 Mountains of Luzon and Mindoro south to Negros (Philippines)
palawanensis (Ripley & Rabor, 1962) vMountains of Palawan (Philippines)
hasselti (Finsch, 1898) Mountains of S Sumatra, Java, Bali, SW Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas east to Alor
mayri (Ripley, 1952) Mountains of Wetar and Timor (Lesser Sundas)
Ficedula disposita 267  (Ripley & J.T. Marshall, Jr., 1967) Furtive Flycatcher
vLuzon (Philippines)
Ficedula buruensis Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher
buruensis (E. Hartert, 1899) vBuru (S Moluccas)
ceramensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1910) vSeram (S Moluccas)
siebersi (E. Hartert, 1924) Kai Is. (SE Moluccas)
Ficedula henrici   (E. Hartert, 1899) Damar Flycatcher
iDamar (Lesser Sundas)
Ficedula bonthaina   (E. Hartert, 1896) Lompobattang Flycatcher
vMount Lompobattang (far-SW Sulawesi)
Ficedula mugimaki 268  (Temminck, 1836) α Mugimaki Flycatcher
iSC and SE Siberia from Altai and Baikal to Sakhalin, Russian Far East, N Korea, NE China >> E and S continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, Philippines, N and C Sulawesi
Ficedula narcissina269 Narcissus Flycatcher
narcissina (Temminck, 1836)270,271 αvS Sakhalin and S Kuril Is. coastal Russian Far East, Japan to N Ryukyu Is. >> Hainan, SE continental SE Asia, Borneo, Philippines
owstoni (Bangs, 1901) S Ryukyu Is.
elisae (Weigold, 1922)272,273 NC to NE China from Shanxi to NE Hebei >> Thai-Malay Pen.
Ficedula zanthopygia   (A. Hay, 1845) Yellow-rumped Flycatcher
vFar-SE Siberia, Russian Far East, Korea, WC, C, E and NE China east from Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hebei and E Nei Mongol >> S Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java
Ficedula crypta 274  (Vaurie, 1951) Cryptic Flycatcher
vMountains of Mindanao (Philippines)
Ficedula harterti   (Siebers, 1928) Sumba Flycatcher
iSumba (Lesser Sundas)
Ficedula timorensis   (Hellmayr, 1919) Black-banded Flycatcher
vTimor (Lesser Sundas)
Ficedula dumetoria Rufous-chested Flycatcher
muelleri (Sharpe, 1879) Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
dumetoria (Wallace, 1864) vW Java, Lesser Sundas east to Flores
Ficedula platenae   (W. Blasius, 1888) Palawan Flycatcher
iPalawan (W Philippines)
Ficedula riedeli 275  (Büttikofer, 1886) Tanimbar Flycatcher
Tanimbar Is. (Lesser Sundas)
Ficedula tricolor Slaty-blue Flycatcher
tricolor (Hodgson, 1845) Himalayan foothills east to C Nepal
minuta (Hume, 1872)276 vSE Xizang, Himalayan foothills east from E Nepal, NE India
cerviniventris (Sharpe, 1879) vFar-NE India from E Nagaland to Mizoram and Manipur, W Myanmar
diversa Vaurie, 1953 vWC, NC and SC China from N Yunnan north and east to Gansu, Shaanxi and Ningxia >> S China, N continental SE Asia east from Thailand
Ficedula nigrorufa   (Jerdon, 1839) Black-and-orange Flycatcher
vExtreme SW India in S Western Ghats
Ficedula hodgsoni277 Pygmy Blue Flycatcher
hodgsoni (F. Moore, 1854) SW China in W Yunnan, Himalayan foothills east from C Nepal, NE India, N continental SE Asia
sondaica (Robinson & Kloss, 1923) vMountains of S Thai-Malay Pen.
Ficedula sordida 278  (Godwin-Austen, 1874) Slaty-backed Flycatcher
vSE Xizang, SW to NC China from Yunnan to S Qinghai and SW Gansu, NW continental SE Asia >> Himalayan foothills east from C Nepal, NE India, N continental SE Asia east to N Laos [Godwin-Austen, 1874 #6253]
Ficedula sapphira Sapphire Flycatcher
sapphira (Blyth, 1843) WC China in N Yunnan and SW Sichuan, Himalayan foothills east from C Nepal, NE India, N and E Myanmar
laotiana (Delacour & Greenway, 1939) vN continental SE Asia from NW Thailand to NW Vietnam
tienchuanensis Cheng Tso-hsin, 1964 vWC China in C Sichuan and S Shaanxi
ADELURA Bonaparte, 1854 F - Phoenicura coeruleocephala Vigors, 1831; type by original designation279
Adelura frontalis 280,281  (Vigors, 1831) α Blue-fronted Redstart
vSE and E Xizang, SW to NC and C China from Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan to E Qinghai, east to Ningxia and Hubei, NE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills, N Myanmar, NW Thailand >> NE India, N continental SE Asia
Adelura schisticeps 282,283  (J.E. & G.R. Gray, 1847) α White-throated Redstart
SE and E Xizang, WC to NC and C China from N Yunnan and Sichuan to E Qinghai, Gansu and S Shaanxi, Himalayas from W Nepal to Bhutan >> N Myanmar
Adelura coeruleocephala 284  (Vigors, 1831) δ Blue-capped Redstart
E Afghanistan, C Asia east to Tien Shan, NW China in W Xinjiang, Himalayas east to Nepal
Adelura erythronota   (Eversmann, 1841) Eversmann's Redstart/Rufous-backed Redstart
vSC Siberia around Baikal, Mongolia, NW China in W and N Xinjiang
RHYACORNIS Blanford, 1872 F - Phoenicura fuliginosa Vigors, 1831; type by monotypy   285
Rhyacornis fuliginosa Plumbeous Water Redstart
fuliginosa (Vigors, 1831) vNE Afghanistan, China except NW and far-N and NE, Himalayas, NE India, N Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia
affinis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) vTaiwan
Rhyacornis bicolor   (Ogilvie-Grant, 1894) Luzon Water Redstart
iMountains of N Luzon and Mindoro (N Philippines)
CHAIMARRORNIS Hodgson, 1844 M - Phoenicura leucocephala Vigors, 1831; type by monotypy   286
Chaimarrornis leucocephalus   (Vigors, 1831) White-capped Water Redstart
vNE Afghanistan, C Asia in E Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, S and E Xizang, WC, NC, C and EC China north to Qinghai and Hebei and east to Zhejiang, Himalayas, NE India, Bangladesh, far-N continental SE Asia >> S China, N continental SE Asia
PHOENICURUS T. Forster, 1817 M - Phoenicurus ruticilla T. Forster, 1817; type by monotypy and tautonymy = Sylvia phoenicurus Latham et auct. = Motacilla phoenicurus Linnaeus, 1758  287
Phoenicurus hodgsoni   (F. Moore, 1854) Hodgson's Redstart
iSE and E Xizang, WC to NC China from Yunnan and Sichuan to E Qinghai and Gansu >> Himalayas east from W Nepal, NE India, N Myanmar
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart
phoenicurus (Linnaeus, 1758) NW Africa and Europe to C Siberia and N Mongolia >> W, NE and E Africa
samamisicus (Hablizl, 1783) vAsia Minor to Turkmenistan, S Uzbekistan and Iran >> NE Africa to SW Asia
Phoenicurus moussieri   (Olphe-Galliard, 1852) Moussier's Redstart
iNW Africa
Phoenicurus ochruros Black Redstart
gibraltariensis (J.F. Gmelin, 1789)288 vEurope, NW Africa >> W and S Europe to N Africa and Middle East
ochruros (S.G. Gmelin, 1774) Asia Minor, Caucasus area, NW Iran >> Middle East
semirufus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) vW Syria, Lebanon, NE Israel
phoenicuroides (F. Moore, 1854) SC Siberia in Tuva Republic, C Asia from C Kazakhstan to Tien Shan, Mongolia, W Xizang and far-W Xinjiang, Himalayas east to Himachal Pradesh >> NE Africa, SW, C and S Asia (except Sri Lanka)
rufiventris (Vieillot, 1818) vC Asia from Turkmenistan to Pamir and Alai ranges, SE and E Xizang, WC to NC China from N Yunnan, Sichuan and E Qinghai east to Nei Mongol and Shanxi, Himalayas from Uttarakhand to Sikkim >> SW and WC Asia, EC and NE India, N Myanmar
Phoenicurus alaschanicus   (Przevalski, 1876) Przevalski's Redstart
vNC China from E Qinghai to Gansu and Ningxia >> C China
Phoenicurus auroreus Daurian Redstart
leucopterus Blyth, 1843289 vSE and E Xizang, WC and NC China from N Yunnan and E Qinghai east to Ningxia and Shaanxi >> Himalayas east from West Bengal, NE India, N and EC continental SE Asia
auroreus (Pallas, 1776) vBaikal and SE Siberia to Sakhalin, Russian Far East, N Korea, Mongolia, NE China >> Japan, S Korea, E China
Phoenicurus erythrogastrus Güldenstädt's Redstart
erythrogastrus (Güldenstädt, 1775) vGreater Caucasus Mts. >> Transcaucasia, N Iran
grandis (Gould, 1850) vS Baikal, NE Afghanistan and C Asia east to Tien Shan, S and E Xizang, NW to NC China from Xinjiang to Gansu, Himalayas east to Nepal >> WC and C China, Himalayas
MONTICOLA Boie, 1822 M - Turdus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1847, The Genera of Birds, 1 (1849), p. 220).   290
Monticola cinclorhyncha 291,292  (Vigors, 1831) Θ Blue-capped Rock Thrush
NE Afghanistan, Himalayan foothills >> S India
Monticola gularis   (Swinhoe, 1863) White-throated Rock Thrush
vSE Siberia from Baikal to Russian Far East, Korea (except S), NC and NE China east from Shanxi >> SE China, mainland SE Asia
Monticola rufiventris   (Jardine & Selby, 1833) Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
vSE Xizang, SW and S China north to Sichuan, Hubei and Fujian, Himalayan foothills, NE India, N continental SE Asia
Monticola rufocinereus Little Rock Thrush
rufocinereus (Rüppell, 1837) vEthiopia and N Somalia to Kenya and NE Tanzania
sclateri E. Hartert, 1917 W Saudi Arabia
Monticola semirufus 293  (Rüppell, 1837) White-winged Cliff Chat
vEthiopia and Eritrea
Monticola rupestris   (Vieillot, 1818) Cape Rock Thrush
vNE, E and S South Africa
Monticola angolensis Miombo Rock Thrush
angolensis de Sousa, 1888 vS DR Congo to SW Tanzania, Rwanda, N Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and E Zimbabwe
hylophilus Clancey, 1965 vS Angola, S Zambia, Zimbabwe plateau [Clancey, 1965 #825]
Monticola saxatilis 294  (Linnaeus, 1766) Common Rock Thrush
vNW Africa, C and S Europe to SW Asia, SE Siberia east to Baikal, NE Afghanistan, C Asia, NW and N China (east to Nei Mongol and Hebei), W Pakistan >> N tropical Africa
Monticola solitarius295 Blue Rock Thrush
1 solitarius (Linnaeus, 1758) vNW Africa, S Europe to Italy and N Balkans, N Turkey, Transcaucasia >> N Africa and Arabia
1 longirostris (Blyth, 1847) vSE Europe, SW Asia from E Mediterranean, C Asia east to Tien Shan, NE Afghanistan to Ladakh >> NE Africa, SW Asia, northwest S Asia
2 pandoo (Sykes, 1832)296 S and SE Xizang, China south from Ningxia, Shaanxi and Changjiang valley, Himalayas, N continental SE Asia >> S Asia, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra
2 philippensis (Statius Muller, 1776) vFar-SE Siberia to Sakhalin and S Kuril Is., Russian Far East, Japan, Korea, NC and NE China south to Henan and Shandong >> mainland SE Asia, Borneo, Philippines, N Sulawesi, Moluccas
2 madoci Chasen, 1940 C and S Thai-Malay Pen., N Sumatra
Monticola brevipes Short-toed Rock Thrush
brevipes (Waterhouse, 1838)297 W Angola, Namibia, adjacent NW South Africa
pretoriae Gunning & Roberts, 1911298 SE Botswana, N and C South Africa
Monticola explorator Sentinel Rock Thrush
explorator (Vieillot, 1818) E and S South Africa
tenebriformis Clancey, 1952299 vLesotho >> N KwaZulu-Natal, S Mozambique
Monticola imerina 300  (Hartlaub, 1860) δ Littoral Rock Thrush
vCoastal SW and S Madagascar
Monticola sharpei301 Madagascar Robin Chat
erythronotus (Lavauden, 1929)302,303 vN Madagascar (Montagne d'Ambre)
sharpei (G.R. Gray, 1871)304 Madagascar (except N)
SAXICOLA Bechstein, 1802 M - Motacilla rubicola Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (Swainson, 1827, Zool. Journ., 3, 10 (1827), p. 172).   305
Saxicola rubetra 306  (Linnaeus, 1758) Whinchat
iEurope, Asia Minor, W Siberia >> W, C and NE Africa
Saxicola macrorhynchus   (Stoliczka, 1872) Stoliczka's Bush Chat
vSE Afghanistan, NE Pakistan, NW India
Saxicola insignis 307  J.E. & G.R. Gray, 1847 α Hodgson's Bush Chat
vRussian Altai, C Asia in NE Kazakhstan, W and N Mongolia, NC China from Qinghai to Nei Mongol >> foot of Himalayas from Haryana to West Bengal
Saxicola rubicola European Stonechat
hibernans (E. Hartert, 1910) British Isles, W France, Portugal
rubicola (Linnaeus, 1766) W, C and S Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, NW Africa >> N Africa to Middle East
Saxicola dacotiae Canary Islands Stonechat
dacotiae (Meade-Waldo, 1889) Fuerteventura (Canary Is.)
†? murielae Bannerman, 1913308 Alegranza (Canary Is.)
Saxicola maurus Eastern Stonechat/Siberian Stonechat
hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1833309 E Ukraine, N and E Caucasus area to lower R. Ural >> NE Africa [Ehrenberg, 1833 #15488]
variegatus (S.G. Gmelin, 1774)310 vE Turkey, S Caucasus, Transcaucasia, W Iran >> SW Asia, NE Africa
maurus (Pallas, 1773) vE Finland, N and E Russia and Siberia east to Sayan range, N Afghanistan and C Asian east to Tien Shan, NW Mongolia, NW Pakistan >> SW and S Asia
indicus (Blyth, 1847) vW Pakistan and Himalayas >> India except S
przewalskii (Pleske, 1889) S and E Xizang, SW to NC and C China north to Gansu and east to Hubei and Guangxi, N continental SE Asia >> S and SE China, NE India
stejnegeri (Parrot, 1908) Baikal to NE (W Chukotka), E and SE Siberia, Russian Far East, N Japan, Korea, E Mongolia, NE China >> SE China, mainland SE Asia, N and W Borneo
Saxicola torquatus311 African Stonechat
felix Bates, G.L., 1936 SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen
albofasciatus Rüppell, 1840312 αvSE South Sudan, Ethiopian Highlands, NE Uganda
jebelmarrae Lynes, 1920 SW Sudan (Darfur), E Chad
moptanus Bates, G.L., 1932 vS Mali (Inner Niger delta), Senegal delta
nebularum Bates, G.L., 1930 Guinea to W Ivory Coast
axillaris (Shelley, 1885)313 αvE DR Congo to Kenya and N and W Tanzania
promiscuus E. Hartert, 1922314 vE and S Tanzania to C Mozambique and E Zimbabwe
salax (J. & E. Verreaux, 1851)315 E Nigeria to NW Angola; Bioko
stonei Bowen, 1931316 αSW Tanzania to S and E Angola, Zimbabwe plateau, N and C South Africa
oreobates Clancey, 1956 Lesotho highlands
torquatus (Linnaeus, 1766)317 αvS and E South Africa
clanceyi Latimer, 1961 W coast of South Africa
voeltzkowi Grote, 1926 Grande Comore (Comoros)
sibilla (Linnaeus, 1766)318 Madagascar
Saxicola tectes 319  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Réunion Stonechat
Réunion
Saxicola leucurus   (Blyth, 1847) White-tailed Stonechat
vPakistan, foot of Himalayas east to Orissa, NE India, Bangladesh, N, E and S Myanmar
Saxicola caprata Pied Bush Chat
rossorum (E. Hartert, 1910) NE Iran, N Afghanistan, C Asia to Pamir and SC Kazakhstan, NW Pakistan >> SW Asia
bicolor Sykes, 1832 SE Iran, Pakistan and N India east to West Bengal >> C India
burmanicus E.C.S. Baker, 1922320 αvSW China in Yunnan and S Sichuan, E and NE India, continental SE Asia except S
nilgiriensis Whistler, 1940 vSW India in Western Ghats
atratus (Blyth, 1851)321 vSri Lanka
caprata (Linnaeus, 1766) Lubang, Luzon and Mindoro (Philippines)
randi Parkes, 1960 Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol and Siquijor (Philippines)
anderseni Salomonsen, 1953 Leyte and Mindanao (Philippines)
fruticola Horsfield, 1821 Java, Bali, Lesser Sundas east to Alor
francki Rensch, 1931 Sumba (Lesser Sundas)
albonotatus (Stresemann, 1912) vSulawesi and southern satellites (Salayar I. and Buton I.)
pyrrhonotus (Vieillot, 1818) vSavu to Timor, Wetar and Kisar (Lesser Sundas)
cognatus Mayr, 1944 vBabar (Lesser Sundas)
aethiops (P.L. Sclater, 1880) Lowland N New Guinea (coast and Sepik basin to Astrolabe Bay); New Britain and New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.)
belensis Rand, 1940 vMontane WC New Guinea (Wissel Lakes to Maoke Mts.)
wahgiensis Mayr & Gilliard, 1951 vHill and montane EC, NE and SE New Guinea (Central Highlands to Owen Stanley Range, mountains of Huon Pen.; Port Moresby lowlands)
Saxicola jerdoni   (Blyth, 1867) Jerdon's Bush Chat
iSW China in SW Yunnan, foot of Himalayas in Nepal, NE India, NE Bangladesh, N continental SE Asia
Saxicola ferreus Grey Bush Chat
ferreus J.E. & G.R. Gray, 1847 αvHimalayas, NE India, N and EC continental SE Asia >> N India, continental SE Asia (except S)
haringtoni (E. Hartert, 1910)322 SE Xizang, NC to SW and S China (south from S Gansu, Shaanxi, Anhui and Jiangsu) >> N continental SE Asia
Saxicola gutturalis White-bellied Bush Chat
gutturalis (Vieillot, 1818) vTimor, ? Roti (Lesser Sundas)
luctuosus Bonaparte, 1850323 αvSemau (Lesser Sundas)
CAMPICOLOIDES Roberts, 1922 M - Saxicola bifasciata Temminck, 1829; type by monotypy   324
Campicoloides bifasciatus   (Temminck, 1829) Buff-streaked Chat
vE and SE South Africa, Swaziland
EMARGINATA Shelley, 1896 F - Luscinia sinuata Sundevall, 1858; type by original designation325
Emarginata sinuata Sickle-winged Chat
hypernephela (Clancey, 1956) vLesotho
ensifera (Clancey, 1958) vS Namibia, NW and C South Africa
sinuata (Sundevall, 1858) vS South Africa
Emarginata schlegelii Karoo Chat
benguellensis (W.L. Sclater, 1928) vSW Angola, NW Namibia
schlegelii (Wahlberg, 1855) W Namibia
namaquensis (W.L. Sclater, 1928)326 vS Namibia, adjacent NW South Africa
pollux (Hartlaub, 1866) W, S and C South Africa
Emarginata tractrac Tractrac Chat
hoeschi (Niethammer, 1955) SW Angola, NW Namibia
albicans (Wahlberg, 1855) W Namibia
barlowi (Roberts, 1937) SW Namibia (C and S Namaqualand)
nebulosa (Clancey, 1962) vCoastal W South Africa
tractrac (Wilkes, 1817) Interior W South Africa
PINAROCHROA Sundevall, 1872 F - Saxicola sordida Rüppell, 1837; type by original designation and monotypy327
Pinarochroa sordida Moorland Chat
sordida (Rüppell, 1837) vEthiopia
ernesti Sharpe, 1900328 Kenya, Uganda
olimotiensis Elliott, 1945 vN Tanzania (Crater Highlands)
hypospodia Shelley, 1885 vMt. Kilimanjaro (Tanzania)
MYRMECOCICHLA Cabanis, 1851 F - Oenanthe formicivora Vieillot, 1818; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 35).   329,330,331
Myrmecocichla nigra   (Vieillot, 1818) Sooty Chat
vNigeria to W Kenya and E Tanzania, south to Angola and Zambia
Myrmecocichla aethiops Northern Anteater Chat
aethiops Cabanis, 1851332 αSenegal and Gambia to Chad
sudanensis Lynes, 1920 vSW and SC Sudan
cryptoleuca Sharpe, 1891 vW and C Kenya, N Tanzania
Myrmecocichla formicivora 333,334  (Wilkes, 1817) α Southern Anteater Chat
vNamibia to SW Zimbabwe and South Africa
Myrmecocichla tholloni   (Oustalet, 1886) Congo Moor Chat
iCentral African Republic, PR Congo, W DR Congo, C Angola
Myrmecocichla monticola Mountain Wheatear
albipileata (Bocage, 1867) vCoastal Benguela (Angola)
nigricauda (Traylor, 1961) C Angola (Huambo)
atmorii (Tristram, 1869)335 W Namibia
monticola (Vieillot, 1818)336 S Namibia, South Africa
Myrmecocichla melaena   (Rüppell, 1837) Rüppell's Chat
vEritrea and N Ethiopia
Myrmecocichla arnotti Arnott's Chat
arnotti (Tristram, 1869)337 δZambia, C Mozambique, Zimbabwe and NE South Africa
harterti Neunzig, 1926 W and C Angola
leucolaema G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1880338 vRwanda and Tanzania south to S DR Congo
OENANTHE Vieillot, 1816 F - Le Motteux Buffon; type by tautonymy = Motacilla oenanthe Linnaeus, 1758  339
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear
leucorhoa (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vNE Canada, Greenland, Iceland >> W Africa
oenanthe (Linnaeus, 1758) N and C Europe, Siberia and N Kazakhstan to Alaska >> W, E and SC Africa
libanotica (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833)340 vS Europe, Asia Minor, Levant, Transcaucasia, Iran, Turkmenistan, N Afghanistan, Tien Shan, Xinjiang, Mongolia, S Transbaikalia >> N Afrotropics and SW Asia
seebohmi (Dixon, 1882) NW Africa >> W Africa
Oenanthe pileata Capped Wheatear
neseri J.D. Macdonald, 1952341 Angola, Namibia (except SW), W and S Botswana, NW South Africa
livingstonii (Tristram, 1868)342,343 αC Kenya to Zambia, Zimbabwe, N and E Botswana, N South Africa
pileata (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vSW Namibia, South Africa (except NW and N)
Oenanthe bottae Red-breasted Wheatear
bottae (Bonaparte, 1854) Highlands of Yemen and SW Saudi Arabia
frenata (von Heuglin, 1869) vHighlands of Eritrea and N and C Ethiopia
Oenanthe heuglinii 344,345  (von Heuglin, 1869) α Heuglin's Wheatear
iS Mauritania and Mali to C and S Sudan, South Sudan, W Ethiopia and NE Uganda
Oenanthe isabellina 346  (Temminck, 1829) Isabelline Wheatear
vSE Europe to SW Asia, Siberia east to Baikal, Afghanistan, C Asia, NW to NC China from Xinjiang to Nei Mongol, W Pakistan >> NC, NE and E Africa, SW Asia to NW India
Oenanthe deserti Desert Wheatear
homochroa (Tristram, 1859) N Africa east to NW Egypt
deserti (Temminck, 1825) NE Egypt and Levant to S Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Mongolia >> NE Africa and SW Asia
oreophila (Oberholser, 1900) vC Asia in Pamir range, Xizang, NW to NC China from Xinjiang to Nei Mongol and Gansu, N Himalayas from Ladakh to Nepal >> SW Asia
Oenanthe monacha   (Temminck, 1825) Hooded Wheatear
iE Egypt, S Israel, S Jordan, Arabia, Iran, SW Pakistan
Oenanthe hispanica Black-eared Wheatear
hispanica (Linnaeus, 1758) vNW Africa and SW Europe to C Italy and Croatia >> W African Sahel
melanoleuca (Güldenstädt, 1775) vSE Europe, Asia Minor and Levant to S Iran and E shore of Caspian Sea >> C and E Sahel and NE Africa
Oenanthe cypriaca 347  (von Homeyer, 1884) Cyprus Wheatear
vCyprus >> N and NE Africa
Oenanthe pleschanka   (Lepechin, 1770) Pied Wheatear
iSE Europe to Transbaikalia, N China and NW Himalayas >> NE and E Africa, SW Asia
Oenanthe albifrons348,349 White-fronted Black Chat/White-fronted Wheatear
1 frontalis (Swainson, 1837) vSenegal and Gambia to N Cameroon
1 pachyrhyncha (Neumann, 1906) vSW Ethiopia
2 albifrons (Rüppell, 1837) Eritrea and N Ethiopia
2 clericalis (Hartlaub, 1882) vS Sudan, Uganda
2 limbata (Reichenow, 1921) vE Cameroon to Central African Republic
Oenanthe phillipsi 350  (Shelley, 1885) Somali Wheatear
iN and E Somalia, SE Ethiopia
Oenanthe moesta 351  (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) Red-rumped Wheatear
vN Africa
Oenanthe melanura Blackstart
melanura (Temminck, 1824) vIsrael, Jordan and Sinai to NW and interior C and S Arabia
neumanni (Ripley, 1952) SW Saudi Arabia, W and S Yemen, SW Oman
lypura (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) vNC and NE Sudan to Eritrea
aussae (Thesiger & Meynell, 1934) NE Ethiopia, Djibouti, N Somalia
airensis (E. Hartert, 1921) vNW Niger (Aïr) to W and C Sudan
ultima (Bates, G.L., 1933) vE Mali, W Niger
Oenanthe familiaris Familiar Chat
falkensteini (Cabanis, 1875)352 SE Senegal to NW Ethiopia, south to Tanzania and Zambezi valley
omoensis (Neumann, 1904) vSE Sudan, SW Ethiopia, NW Kenya, NE Uganda
angolensis (Lynes, 1926) vW Angola, N Namibia
galtoni (Strickland, 1853)353 αC and S Namibia, W Botswana, NW South Africa
hellmayri (Reichenow, 1902) Zimbabwe plateau, E Botswana, N, NE and C South Africa
actuosa (Clancey, 1966) vLesotho, E South Africa (Drakensberg Mts. to W KwaZulu-Natal) [Clancey, 1966 #826]
familiaris (Wilkes, 1817)354 αvS South Africa
Oenanthe dubia   (Blundell & Lovat, 1899) Sombre Rock Chat
vN Somalia, EC Ethiopia
Oenanthe scotocerca Brown-tailed Rock Chat
furensis (Lynes, 1926) vSW Sudan (Darfur)
scotocerca (von Heuglin, 1873)355 αvNE Sudan, N Ethiopia, Eritrea
turkana (van Someren, 1920) S Ethiopia, N and NC Kenya, NE Uganda
spectatrix (Stephenson Clarke, 1919) E Ethiopia (Awash valley), N Somalia
validior (Berlioz & Roche, 1970) vNE Somalia [Berlioz, 1970 #290]
Oenanthe fusca   (Blyth, 1851) Brown Rock Chat
vNE Pakistan, S Nepal, N and C India
Oenanthe picata 356  (Blyth, 1847) Variable Wheatear
vIran, N Afghanistan, C Asia from Turkmenistan to Pamir and W Tien Shan, W and N Pakistan, Himalayas east to Kashmir >> SW Asia, Arabian Pen., NW and NC India
Oenanthe leucura Black Wheatear
leucura (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vSpain, Portugal, S France, ? Italy
riggenbachi (E. Hartert, 1909)357 vNW Africa
Oenanthe albonigra   (Hume, 1872) Hume's Wheatear
vNE Arabian Pen., S Afghanistan, W and N Pakistan
Oenanthe leucopyga White-crowned Wheatear
leucopyga (C.L. Brehm, 1855)358 vC and E Egypt, NE Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti
ernesti R. Meinertzhagen, 1930 Sinai and Israel to C Arabia and Yemen
Oenanthe lugubris359 Abyssinian Wheatear
lugentoides (Seebohm, 1881) SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen
boscaweni Bates, G.L., 1937 NE Yemen and S Oman
vauriei R. Meinertzhagen, 1949 NE Somalia
lugubris (Rüppell, 1837) vHighlands of Eritrea and N and C Ethiopia
schalowi (G.A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) S Kenya, N Tanzania
Oenanthe finschii Finsch's Wheatear
finschii (von Heuglin, 1869) Asia Minor and Levant to Transcaucasia and N and SW Iran
barnesi (E.W. Oates, 1890) NE and E Iran and W Turkmenistan to W Pakistan, E Afghanistan and SC Kazakhstan >> SW Asia
Oenanthe lugens Mourning Wheatear
halophila (Tristram, 1859) vNW Africa to N Libya
lugens (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823)360 E Egypt and NE Sudan to Syria and NW Arabia
persica (Seebohm, 1881) vNC, WC and SW Iran >> Arabia, NE Africa
warriae Shirihai & Kirwan, 2011 Basalt deserts in NE Jordan (?) and S Syria >> NW Arabia, Egypt [Shirihai, 2011 #13526]
Oenanthe chrysopygia 361  (Defilippi, 1863) Red-tailed Wheatear/Persian Wheatear
vS Armenia, Azerbaijan, S Turkmenistan, much of Iran, Afghanistan, C Asia to Pamir, W Pakistan >> SW Asia to NW India
Oenanthe xanthoprymna   (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1833) Kurdish Wheatear
vSE Turkey, NE Iraq, SW Iran >> NE Africa
THAMNOLAEA Cabanis, 1851 F - Turdus cinnamomeiventris Lafresnaye, 1836; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 36).   362,363
Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris Mocking Cliff Chat
cavernicola Bates, G.L., 1933 S Mali (Mopti)
bambarae Bates, G.L., 1928 E Senegal, SW Mali
coronata Reichenow, 1902364 vGhana and E Burkina Faso to SW Sudan
kordofanensis von Wettstein, 1916 vSC Sudan
albiscapulata (Rüppell, 1837) vN Eritrea, N and C Ethiopia
subrufipennis Reichenow, 1887 vS South Sudan and SW Ethiopia to Zambia and Malawi
odica Clancey, 1962 vZimbabwe, E Botswana, N and NE South Africa
cinnamomeiventris (Lafresnaye, 1836) vSE, C and upland E South Africa, Lesotho, W Swaziland
autochthones Clancey, 1952 Lowland E South Africa, E Swaziland, adjacent S Mozambique
PINARORNIS Sharpe, 1876 M - Pinarornis plumosus Sharpe, 1876; type by monotypy   365
Pinarornis plumosus   Sharpe, 1876 Boulder Chat
vE Zambia, W Malawi, NW Mozambique, Zimbabwe, E Botswana

1 We follow Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] in placing the chats with the flycatchers and, with minor changes, follow Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] in their arrangement.
2 Beresford (2003) [Beresford, 2003 #275] split this, proposing the transfer of all species except diademata into Pseudalethe a new genus which Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] placed in the Saxicolinae; however, Pseudalethe is a junior synonym of Chamaetylas Heine, 1860.
3 Given as 1851 by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315], but see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296].
4 For treatment as a separate species from A. diademata, see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917]. But see also Keith (1992) [Keith, 1992 #2183].
5 All species except C. podobe treated in the genus Erythropygia by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315]. Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] determined that there are two clades and two genera are indicated. However, the clade including C. podobe also includes the type species of such alternative generic names as seem to be available.
6 C. signata, unsampled type species of the genus name Tychaedon, may belong to the second clade and might resolve the situation. Species sequence based on Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
7 Includes Salsolicola Oatley, 2004 [Oatley, 2004 #2803].
8 Correct original spelling. Spelling coryphaeus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was based on Lesson's later usage; but the diphthong used in Vieillot's work has also been misread.
9 Probably includes eurina Clancey, 1969 [Clancey, 1969 #839], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
10 For correction of authorship and date see Clancey & Brooke (1990) [Clancey, 1990 #6009].
11 For recognition see Oatley in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724]. Not listed by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
12 Includes erlangeri, rovumae and wilsoni, see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188]; and implicitly brunnea Ripley & Heinrich, 1966 [Ripley, 1966 #3320], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
13 For recognition see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725]. Not mentioned by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
14 Treated as monotypic by Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802]. Includes thamnodytes Clancey, 1974 [Clancey, 1974 #867].
15 May deserve species rank; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
16 Includes oatleyi and reclusa Clancey, 1966 [Clancey, 1966 #826], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
17 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
18 Includes damarensis, see Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724]. But see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
19 Subspecies groups reflect separation of species in Mackworth-Praed & Grant (1957) [Mackworth-Praed, 1957 #2465] and data in White (1962) [White, 1962 #4189].
20 Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802] included pectoralis, strepitans Clancey, 1975 [Clancey, 1975 #874] and simulator Clancey, 1964 [Clancey, 1964 #819], and implicitly makalaka.
21 Not screened by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]; but see Beresford et al. (2005) [Beresford, 2005 #277].
22 Found to be sister to Copsychus saularis by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] but recognising Kittacincla on morphological grounds is here preferred to subsuming Trichixos and Saxicoloides.
23 Sheldon et al. (2009) proposed this be subsumed in C. saularis from which they separated Philippines birds. We follow Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829] in keeping this separate.
24 Correct original spelling. Spelling inexpectatus in Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] and in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
25 Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829] considered winterbottomi Farkas, 1972 [Farkas, 1972 #1538] applied to birds intergradient between this and pica.
26 Includes erimelas and prosthopellus; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
27 Includes javensis and problematicus, see Mees (1986) [Mees, 1986 #2631]; and zacnecus, nesiarchus, masculus and pagiensis see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
28 Given as 1851 by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315]; but see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296].
29 For treatment as a separate species see Sheldon et al. (2009) [Sheldon, 2009 #11898] and Lim et al. (2010) [Lim, 2010 #12381]. Includes deuteronymus, see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
30 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] placed this in Copsychus and yet did not subsume Saxicoloides. The alternative adopted here is to recognise both these genera and Kittacincla to retain a monophyletic treatment following Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156].
31 Misspelled pyrrhopygus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
32 Recognition of this genus maintained contra Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435], see Lim et al. (2010) [Lim, 2010 #12381].
33 Transfer from genus Copsychus is based on morphology, and evidence that monophyly is well served by accepting this genus and Trichixos; see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
34 Correct original spelling. Spelling luzonensis in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
35 For recognition see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
36 For treatment as a separate species see Collar (2011) [Collar, 2011 #12810]; DNA data consistent with that option see Lim et al. (2010) [Lim, 2010 #12381].
37 For placement in Kittacincla; see Lim et al. (2010) [Lim, 2010 #12381].
38 For recognition at specific level see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361]. For confirmation see DNA data of Lim et al. (2010) [Lim, 2010 #12381] who also placed this in Kittacincla.
39 Mees (1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638] discussed the interbreeding between K. m. suavis and K. s. stricklandi that caused Smythies to treat these two as members of one species. True sympatry seems unproven.
40 The use of 1788 by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] appears to have been a lapsus; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
41 Introduced to Hawaiian Is.
42 Treated as a distinct species by Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
43 Date of publication uncertain, but may have appeared in 1858.
44 For restoration of this name see Mees (1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638]. Considered to include interposita and pellogyna, see Wells (2007) [Wells, 2007 #10194].
45 Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] cited vol. 30 of the Nouveau Dictionnaire, which dates from 1819; however, the correct citation is to vol. 20 and the date 1818 is correct (Mees, 1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638].
46 Includes opisthisa and opistthopelus; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
47 Includes javana; see Mees (1996) [Mees, 1996 #2638].
48 This race and barbouri have striking white crowns and are seen by some authors to comprise a distinct species.
49 Sequence of genera based on Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156] and Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] as all genera represented. However, although many genera appear to be paraphyletic limited taxon sampling prevents significant revision.
50 Note the transfer of the genus Ficedula to the Saxicolinae following Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
51 Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156] found this genus to be polyphyletic. Too few species have been screened to permit change now or to derive a sequence of species.
52 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with M. gambagae. See also Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
53 For suggested alternative treatments of what may be more than one species see Rheindt & Eaton (2012) [Rheindt, 2012 #14731].
54 May form a superspecies including M. randi and M. segregata; see Clement in Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217]; Wells (2007) [Wells, 2007 #10194] separated umbrosa adding it to this group of forms that differ from the rest of this complex. See also Rheindt & Eaton (2012) [Rheindt, 2012 #14731].
55 For an opinion, which we reject, that Pallas's name dauurica was not validly introduced, see Mlíkovský (2012) [Mlíkovský, 2012 #14729].
56 For treatment as a separate species see Inskipp et al. (1996) [Inskipp, 1996 #2069]; but see Wells (2007) [Wells, 2007 #10194].
57 For provisional recognition of this and the next as separate species from M. dauurica see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
58 For conservation of this name by neotypification see Opinion 1267 (I.C.Z.N., 1894) [I.C.Z.N., 1984 #6631].
59 For correct authorship see LeCroy (2008) [LeCroy, 2008 #10760].
60 Not recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917]. For recognition see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725].
61 This issue from the 1859 volume was delayed until early 1860; for evidence see p. 463 therein.
62 Considered to form a superspecies with M.lendu; see Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
63 The name obscura used by Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630] is preoccupied. The names albiventris and okuensis are synonyms, see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
64 Includes grotei see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
65 Includes angolensis see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
66 Includes roehli see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
67 Implicitly includes camerunensis, see Louette (1981) [Louette, 1981 #13691]. But see Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
68 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with M. ussheri. See also Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
69 For recognition see Érard (1997) [Érard, 1997 #1531].
70 For comments on the use of this name see Érard (1997) [Érard, 1997 #1531].
71 Corrected original spelling; catoleucum, as used by Reichenow, and by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] should have been treated as variable.
72 For recognition see Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156]. However, these two species probably do not belong together.
73 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] found this species probably embedded in the genus Muscicapa.
74 Previously treated in a broad genus Melaenornis; but see Johnson in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724]. However Bradornis may be polyphyletic; see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
75 Subspecies subalaris may constitute a separate species with erlangeri as its subspecies; see Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
76 Includes aquaemontis; see Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724]. Recognised by Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
77 Dual original spellings. See David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
78 Potentially paraphyletic according to Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
79 Includes ufipae; see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
80 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with M. brunneus and M. fischeri. See also Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
81 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with M. edelioides and M. ardesiacus. Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217] excluded M. ardesiacus as a distinct montane taxon.
82 Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217] recognised ater, tropicalis and poliogyna.
83 Includes kavirondensis see White (1963) [White, 1963 #4190].
84 Previously treated in a broad genus Melaenornis, but see Johnson in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
85 For possible placement of this genus in the Stenostiridae see Jønsson & Fjeldså (2006) [Jønsson, 2006 #9914]. But see Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829].
86 Sequence of genera based on Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435], who also transferred the genus Anthipes here from the Muscicapini. They proposed a subfamily name but this was not then Code-compliant. Muscicapella hodgsoni is transferred to the genus Ficedula following Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156].
87 New subfamily name proposed by Sangster et al. (2016) [Sangster, 2016 #15981].
88 This genus was subsumed in the genus Niltava in Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] following Vaurie (1953) [Vaurie, 1953 #8324], but resurrection initiated by King & Dickinson (1975) [King, 1975 #2219]. Taxon sampling insufficient to allow any change yet in species sequence.
89 Includes Rhinomyias although some species are tentatively placed in Eumyias and the genus Vaureilla is resurrected for the Philippine species; see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
90 For conservation of this name see Opinion 1267 (I.C.Z.N., 1984) [I.C.Z.N., 1984 #6631].
91 The complicated nomenclature here, with the name harterti used by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], being questioned and then returned to use is explained by LeCroy (2008) [LeCroy, 2008 #10760]. However, see also Quaisser (2010) [Quaisser, 2010 #12326] and Mlíkovský (2011) [Mlíkovský, 2011 #12815].
92 Correct original spelling. Spelling ruecki in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS; spelling reported by LeCroy (2008) [LeCroy, 2008 #10760] was incorrect.
93 Types from Malacca are thought to be trade skins and not from Malaysia.
94 Original spelling pallipes; internal information confirms the need for, and nature of, emendation.
95 For date correction see Pittie (2006) [Pittie, 2006 #9574].
96 For treatment as a separate species from C. banyumas see Renner et al. (2009) [Renner, 2009 #11607] and Rasmussen & Anderton (2012) [Rasmussen, 2012 #15479].
97 Dated 1919 by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], presumably a lapsus, No. CCXXXVI bears the date October 29th. 1918.
98 The name coeruleata Büttikofer, 1900, used by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], and by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533], was a misspelling of the earlier name Schwaneria caeruleata Bonaparte, 1857, which correctly applies to a different species. It is thus a junior homonym under Art. 58.1 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059], and an unavailable
99 For treatment as a separate species from C. banyumas; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361], Kennedy et al. (2000) [Kennedy, 2000 #2203] and Renner et al. (2009) [Renner, 2009 #11607]. But see also Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533]. An allospecies of C. banyumas.
100 Sometimes considered a separate species; see Clement in Traylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
101 Includes rupatensis; see Wells (2007) [Wells, 2007 #10194].
102 The replacement name lepidula used by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] had previously only been proposed not used. Thus Arts. 59.3 and 59.4 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] apply as it was not rejected before 1961. The name longipennis is thus available.
103 A replacement name for Cyornis simplex Blyth, 1870. Senior to the replacement name simplicior proposed by Deignan (1947) [Deignan, 1947 #1198].
104 Includes litoralis see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
105 Suggested to be a distinct species; see Mayr in Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] and, including peromissa and kalaoensis, as a subspecies group, see Coates & Bishop (1997) [Coates, 1997 #1004].
106 Correct original spelling. Spelling kuhni in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
107 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with N. sanfordi. But see Clement in Traylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217] who includes C. hyacinthinus.
108 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] found this species basal to his 'Niltavinae' (a name not yet validly published) and it probably deserves its own genus.
109 For correct date of publication see Richmond (1926) [Richmond, 1926 #3268].
110 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
111 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
112 For elevation to species rank see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
113 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
114 Sangster et al. [Sangster, 2010 #12435] found their sampled specimen to suggest this species belongs in the genus Cyornis.
115 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
116 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
117 Incorrect original spelling occularis; a misformed Latin word justifiably emended to ocularis see Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091]. Use of original spelling by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was erroneous.
118 Genus extracted from the genus Ficedula by Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001]; see also Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
119 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] and Clement in Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217] to form a superspecies with A. monileger.
120 For date correction see Richmond (1926) [Richmond, 1926 #3268].
121 May form a superspecies with N. davidi and N. sumatrana; see Clement in Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
122 Date on separate 23 December 1891. See also Poggi (2010) [Poggi, 2010 #12656].
123 Correct original spelling. Spelling macgregoriae in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
124 For correction of authorship see Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #1384].
125 For suggestion to place this in Eumyias see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435], but see also Leader & Green (2012) [Leader, 2012 #15496].
126 For recognition and attachment to C. cyanomelana; see Leader & Carey (2012) [Leader, 2012 #15496].
127 Correct original spelling. Spelling cyanomelaena in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
128 For treatment as a species separate from C. cyanomelana, see Leader & Carey (2012) [Leader, 2012 #15496].
129 Sometimes previously treated within a broader genus Muscicapa.
130 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
131 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with E. panayensis. Clement in Taylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217] included E. sordidus.
132 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
133 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] found their sampled specimen to suggest the species belongs in the genus Eumyias.
134 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
135 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
136 For treatment as a species separate from E. oscillans; see Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094].
137 For reasons to transfer this species from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
138 Generic sequence here is based on Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]; but see Zuccon (2011) [Zuccon, 2011 #12892] for correction to the subfamily name.
139 Species sequence tentative and based on Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]; apparent polyphyly suggests more than one genus.
140 For recognition see White (1982) [White, 1962 #4188].
141 Includes albigularis, considered preoccupied. The replacement name came into use no later than 1955 and under Art. 59.3 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] must be retained contra Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533].
142 Includes gurue see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
143 Issue of January 5, 1937 misdated January 5, 1936 in error.
144 Implicitly includes vespera Clancey, 1972 [Clancey, 1972 #4363] see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
145 Includes drakensbergi and, implicitly, ardens Clancey, 1981 [Clancey, 1981 #4364], see Oatley in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
146 Includes crepuscula see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
147 Includes pallidior see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188] and, implicitly, orphea Clancey, 1979 [Clancey, 1979 #899] see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
148 Includes euronota; see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188] and implicitly Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
149 For recognition see van den Elzen & Glück (1988) [van den Elzen, 1988 #15486]. But see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
150 Correct original spelling. Spelling albicapilla in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS. Invariable.
151 Correct original spelling. Spelling heinrichii in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
152 For date correction see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
153 Includes garguensis, tennenti and seclusa Clancey, 1981 [Clancey, 1981 #913], and, implicitly, clanceyi Prigogine 1988 [Prigogine, 1988 #3154], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
154 For recognition see Dowsett-Lemaire & Dowsett (2006) [Dowsett-Lemaire, 2006 #13615]. But see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
155 Includes pallidiventris Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 [Cunningham-van Someren, 1981 #1103], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
156 Use of this genus follows Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802]; closely associated with Cossypha by Beresford (2003) [Beresford, 2003 #275] and thus placed here.
157 Genus not sampled by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]; presumed to belong close to Cossypha.
158 Includes Pseudalethe Beresford, 2003 [Beresford, 2003 #275] a junior synonym, the name having been attached to another subspecies and no doubt overlooked.
159 May form a superspecies with C. poliophrys, C. fuelleborni and C. choloensis; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
160 Includes castanonota; see Mees (1988) [Mees, 1988 #2633].
161 Includes nandensis Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 [Cunningham-van Someren, 1981 #1103]; see Zimmerman et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328].
162 Not akeleyi as given by Keith (1992) [Keith, 1992 #2183]; named for Mrs. Akeley.
163 For treatment as monotypic see Keith (1992) [Keith, 1992 #2183]; thus includes usambarae and xuthura Clancey & Lawson, 1969 [Clancey, 1969 #840].
164 For placement in this subfamily see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
165 Includes friedmanni Clancey, 1972 [Clancey, 1972 #863] see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
166 For recognition see Zimmerman et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328].
167 Includes lebombo and hygrica Clancey, 1969 [Clancey, 1969 #838], see Oatley in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724]. These are recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
168 For placement in this subfamily see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
169 Includes umbratica Clancey, 1974 [Clancey, 1974 #868], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
170 Includes balcanicus; see Roselaar (1995) [Roselaar, 1995 #3385]. Also includes sardus see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
171 For recognition see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
172 For recognition see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
173 For the invalid introduction of the name marionae from Gran Canaria and the suggested recognition of that as well as superbus from Tenerife; see Dietzen et al. (2003) [Dietzen, 2003 #1396].
174 No species sampled by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]. Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156] place C. guttata next to Sheppardia cyornithopsis.
175 For placement in this subfamily see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
176 This replacement name came into use in or before 1953 so that Art. 59.3 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] applies but the continuing use of the name insulana appears to rule out the restoration of poensis.
177 Correct original spelling. Spelling ilyae in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
178 For recognition see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
179 Implicitly includes hallae Prigogine, 1969 [Prigogine, 1969 #3136] see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
180 Misspelled lopezi in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533]; the spelling lopesi is in this case a justified emendation based on internal information.
181 This taxon was previously listed in S. cyornithopsis but see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
182 Includes pallidigularis Cunningham-van Someren & Schifter, 1981 [Cunningham-van Someren, 1981 #1103], see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802] (previously listed in S. cyornithopsis).
183 May deserve species rank; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
184 For treatment in Sheppardia rather than Cossypha see Beresford (2003) [Beresford, 2003 #275]. See also Sangster et al. [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
185 Not recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917]. But see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725].
186 Dual original spellings, one being on the issue cover; see Dillon & Fjeldså (2005) [Dillon, 2005 #13357] and David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
187 For placement in this subfamily see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
188 Includes mabirae see Oatley et al. (1992) [Oatley, 1992 #2802].
189 For treatment as a subspecies within S. erythrothorax see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
190 Sequence follows Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] with Cinclidium inserted following Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156].
191 For reasons to recognise this genus and to transfer these species here from the genus Rhinomyias, see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
192 For description of a proposed new subspecies kamlae from the Kelabit Highlands; see Leh (2004) [Leh, 2004 #9939]. Review needed.
193 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] to form a superspecies with R. albigularis, R. insignis and R. goodfellowi.
194 Treated as a separate species from V. gularis by Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
195 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] found a close relationship between this and Rhinomyias insignis.
196 For correct date see Raphael (1970) [Raphael, 1970 #3206].
197 Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] erred in treating La Touche, lead author of the work, as a co-author the name.
198 For suggestion this may be a separate species see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
199 For recognition see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
200 For date correction see Raphael (1970) [Raphael, 1970 #3206].
201 Author given as Hodgson by Ripley (1964), but see Dickinson (2004) [Dickinson, 2004 #1388].
202 Population from hills near Surat Thani and Nakhon Si Thammarat differs markedly; see Wells & Medway (1976) [Wells, 1976 #5621].
203 Correct original spelling. Spelling leucophrys in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
204 Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] cited 1827, Livr. 76. But plate 448 appeared in Livr. 75 in 1828; see Dickinson (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1369].
205 Blyth credited the name to Jerdon & Blyth, but see Art. 50 in I.C.Z.N., 1999 [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059].
206 Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749] treated this as two separate species in the genus Myiomela. This may be correct but see Inskipp et al. (1996) [Inskipp, 1996 #2069]. Molecular screening is needed.
207 For reason to date this 1841; see Dickinson et al. (2004) [Dickinson, 2004 #1390].
208 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
209 For restoration of this genus see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
210 Restoration of this genus and species sequence based on Sangster et al. [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
211 Includes rishirensis Kuroda, Jr., 1965 [Kuroda, 1965 #2299]; see Morioka in Orn. Soc. Japan (2000) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875].
212 Includes subrufus see Orn. Soc. Japan (2000) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875].
213 For date correction see Anon. (1947) [Anon., 1947 #14610].
214 Species sequence based on Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] who we follow in splitting Luscinia s.l. and restoring the several other genera in the clades they suggest and in submerging Hodgsonius here.
215 Includes baehrmani Eck, 1975 [Eck, 1975 #1475]; see Svensson (1992) [Svensson, 1992 #15374] and Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
216 This name takes precedence over hafizi Severtsov, 1873; see Dickinson (2008) [Dickinson, 2008 #10694].
217 For recognition see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
218 For the firm establishment of a Spanish population and attachment to it of this name see Mayaud (1958) [Mayaud, 1958 #15629]. See also Johnsen et al. (2006) [Johnsen, 2006 #9908] and Hogner et al. (2013) [Hogner, 2013 #15169].
219 The name magna was replaced before 1961 and under Art. 59.3 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] it is permanently invalid. The use of magna by Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] should not have been followed. Vaurie relied on the Copenhagen Decisions [Hemming, 1953 #15320] but these were proposals that were not all accepted when the Code was formally revised and as such the Decisions themselves had no effect.
220 For recognition see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
221 For recognition see Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961] and Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
222 Dual original spelling. G.R. Gray (1855) [Gray, 1855 #1796] acted as First Reviser and selected phaenicuroides. Art. 24.2.4 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] refers.
223 For date correction see Dickinson & Walters (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9469].
224 Includes fortis see Cheng (1987) [Cheng, 1987 #739].
225 Original spelling rufficapillus a misformed Latin word; justifiably emended to ruficapillus, e.g. by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315].
226 1823 as given by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] was a lapsus for 1832.
227 For evidence of two subspecies groups that may already be two species see Moyle et al. (2005) [Moyle, 2005 #2739]. Interaction between the highland and the lowland taxa in Borneo still little known and requires study and reliable sampling for DNA.
228 For date correction see LeCroy (2005) [LeCroy, 2005 #2357].
229 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
230 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
231 For position in sequence see Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156].
232 Transferred here from the Turdidae following Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]. For correct spelling see Deignan (1965) [Deignan, 1965 #1254] and Dickinson (2001) [Dickinson, 2001 #1369].
233 For treatment as three separate species see Collar (2004) [Collar, 2004 #1018].
234 For correct date see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
235 Stepanyan (1996) [Stepanyan, 1996 #3724] proposed splitting this species, but further evidence is required.
236 Wrongly credited to Gray in Temminck, 1822 by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315], see Deignan (1965) [Deignan, 1965 #1254].
237 For date correction see McAllan & Bruce (2002) [McAllan, 2002 #2584].
238 Genus restored following Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] whose species sequence we follow. For placement of C. obscura see Alström et al. (2013) [Alström, 2013 #15615].
239 Species sequence follows Alström et al. (2013) [Alström, 2013 #15615].
240 Date 1871 in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was miscopied.
241 This name has been conserved under Opinion 444 (I.C.Z.N., 1957) [I.C.Z.N., 1957 #9633] and both its senior homonym and the name hachisukae proposed as a substitute for it were suppressed.
242 The name Heteroxenicus joannae has been said to relate to this, see Cheng (1987) [Cheng, 1987 #739], but the evidence is inconclusive; the type should be screened for its molecular profile.
243 For recognition see Rasmussen & Anderton (2012) [Rasmussen, 2012 #15479].
244 Includes camtschatkensis and beicki; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917]. For molecular differentiation of populations see Spiridonova et al. (2013) [Spiridonova, 2013 #15489].
245 For recognition see Cheng (1987) [Cheng, 1987 #739].
246 Given as 1834 in Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315], but see Browning & Monroe (1991) [Browning, 1991 #542]. However, they erred see Dickinson (2008) [Dickinson, 2008 #11083].
247 Found to be the sister genus to Ficedula by Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001]. Formerly a recognised genus, but subsumed in a broad genus Erithacus by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] and later in a broad genus Luscinia.
248 For date correction see LeCroy (2005) [LeCroy, 2005 #2357].
249 Includes pacificus Portenko, 1954 [Portenko, 1954 #3107], see Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961].
250 For treatment as a species separate from T. cyanurus; see Martens & Päckert (1995) [Martens, 1995 #2504], Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749] and Knox et al. (2008) [Knox, 2008 #10937]. An allospecies.
251 Original spelling pallidiora was malformed and the spelling used here is a justified emendation.
252 For recognition see Rasmussen & Anderton (2012) [Rasmussen, 2012 #15479]. But see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
253 Species sequence based on Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001] except for two unscreened species which are interposed based on historic perceptions. These authors are followed here in the inclusion of Muscicapella and the separation of the genus Anthipes.
254 For move from the Muscicapinae to the Saxicolinae see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
255 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], including then subspecies albicilla, to form a superspecies with F. subrubra. See also Clement in Traylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217].
256 For treatment as a separate species from F. parva see Sangster et al. (2004) [Sangster, 2004 #3475] and Svensson et al. (2005) [Svensson, 2005 #10088].
257 For treatment as a separate species from F. hypoleuca; see Saetre et al. (2001) [Saetre, 2001 #4430] and Sangster et al. (2004) [Sangster, 2004 #3475].
258 For reasons to separate this from the two preceding species see Cramp et al. (1993) [Cramp, 1993 #1089].
259 For recognition see Cramp et al. (1993) [Cramp, 1993 #1089].
260 This name was a primary homonym when first proposed, and a replacement name was proposed the next year; see Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091]. In that context Art. 57.2 of the Code (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059] requires its retention. See also Appendix 2 herein.
261 For elevation to species rank; see Sangster et al. (2004) [Sangster, 2004 #3475].
262 Mistakenly called dulangana in Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361] and Kennedy et al. (2000) [Kennedy, 2000 #2203]. Watson et al. (1986) were correct to accept the name luzoniensis; see Art. 59 (I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059]. Includes mindorensis see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
263 For date correction see Dickinson & Walters (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9469].
264 Subspecies limits in this species need serious revision.
265 The attribution of Mindanao birds here on morphological grounds requires review.
266 For recognition of this and palawanensis see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
267 For separation from F. bonthaina and placement in F. crypta see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361]. Dutson (1993) [Dutson, 1993 #1452] reported the male plumage of this, thus proving it also distinct from F. crypta.
268 Watson (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] gave 1835. However, Mees (1994) [Mees, 1994 #2636] showed that Livr. 97 appeared in or after April 1836.
269 Considered by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], and by Clement in Traylor (2006) [Taylor, 2006 #12217], to form a superspecies with F. zanthopygia.
270 Includes jakuschima and shonis see Orn. Soc. Japan (2000) [Ornithological Society of Japan, 2000 #2875].
271 Watson (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091] gave 1835. But, Mees (1994) [Mees, 1994 #2636] showed that Livr. 97 appeared in or after April 1836.
272 Includes beijingnica Zheng et al., 2000 [Zheng, 2000 #4295] see Zhang Yan-yun (2006) [Zhang Yan-yun, 2006 #10128] and Töpfer (2006) [Töpfer, 2006 #9476].
273 Treated as a separate species by Robson (2000) [Robson, 2000 #3368].
274 For separation from F. bonthaina and treatment as a monotypic species F. crypta see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
275 Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001] found F. platenae nested within F. dumetoria supporting treatment of this taxon at specific rank.
276 Includes notatus see Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091]; use of that name for the western population, e.g. by Rasmussen & Anderton (2005, 2012) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749], [Rasmussen, 2012 #15479], depends on the location accepted as the type locality of nominate tricolor, see Dickinson & Walters (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9470] for support for the views of Biswas (1962) [Biswas, 1962 #5846].
277 Previously treated in a monotypic genus Muscicapella, but see Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001] and Sangster (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]. To resolve homonymy what was Ficedula hodgsonii, must now be called Ficedula sordida.
278 The subsuming of Muscicapella hodgsoni in Ficedula creates homonymy and prevents the retention of hodgsonii. Outlaw & Voelker (2006) [Outlaw, 2006 #10001] proposed the use of the name erithacus; but Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156] argued that that name was preoccupied, as stated by Watson et al. (1986) [Watson, 1986 #4091], and put forward the synonym used here.
279 Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] suggested use of Phoenicuropsis Wolters, 1980 [Wolters, 1980 #4264] for species frontalis and possibly schisticeps. Ertan (2006) [Ertan, 2006 #9837] and Voelker (2010) [Voelker, 2010 #12409] found that species coeruleocephala and erythronota were part of this clade, consequently the name Adelura Bonaparte must be used.
280 Ertan (2006) [Ertan, 2006 #9837] showed a significant divergence in DNA between Nepal and Chinese birds and both populations deserve recognition; however, further study is needed to determine their respective ranges.
281 For date correction see McAllan & Bruce (2002) [McAllan, 2002 #2584].
282 Placed here following Pan Qiao-Wa et al. (2006) [Pan Qiao-Wa, 2006 #10005]; but see also Ertan (2006) [Ertan, 2006 #9837].
283 For date correction see Dickinson & Walters (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9469].
284 Correct original spelling; often emended but see Appendix 8.
285 Treated within Phoenicurus by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
286 Treated within Phoenicurus by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
287 Species sequence reflects work of Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] and Voelker (2010) [Voelker, 2010 #12409]; however, we have chosen to avoid a broad genus Phoenicurus, particularly to retain a genus for the very distinctive Chaimarrornis.
288 Includes aterrimus; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
289 Blyth's original material originated from Malacca and no longer exists so the subspecific arrangement requires confirmation.
290 The genus Pseudocossyphus is subsumed here, following Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] and Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12325] whose species sequence is followed.
291 Correct original spelling. Spelling cinclorhynchus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
292 For date correction see McAllan & Bruce (2002) [McAllan, 2002 #2584].
293 Previously in the genus Thamnolaea; but see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
294 Includes coloratus Stepanyan, 1965 [Stepanyan, 1965 #3712], see Roselaar (1995) [Roselaar, 1995 #3385].
295 For molecular evidence suggesting treatment as two species see Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12156]; however, in the context of known clinal variation, the evidence is equivocal due to the type locality for pandoo being far to the west of the sample chosen to represent it.
296 While it may well be that western longirostris and philippensis show a species-level genetic distance Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12325] have yet to show that variation across longitude through pandoo is not clinal and continuous.
297 Includes leucocapilla see Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630] and, implictly, niveiceps Clancey, 1972 [Clancey, 1972 #864].
298 Suggested by Farkas (1979) [Farkas, 1979 #1540] to be a separate species but this treatment not accepted by Fry (1997) [Fry, 1997 #1630].
299 Not recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
300 Correct original spelling. Spelling imerinus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
301 This species and the next previously treated as a genus Pseudocossyphus; but see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]. Our treatment follows Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829].
302 Treatment as a species, as by Morris & Hawkins (1998) [Morris, 1998 #2731], Sinclair & Langrand (1998) [Sinclair, 1998 #3653] and Goodman & Weigt (2002) [Goodman, 2002 #1731] was not supported by genetic studies of Outlaw et al. (2007) [Outlaw, 2007 #10824] or of Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12325].
303 Zuccon & Ericson (2010) [Zuccon, 2010 #12325] suggested this be placed in synonymy but morphology suggests otherwise.
304 Includes interioris, salomonseni Farkas, 1973 [Farkas, 1973 #1539], bensoni Farkas, 1971 [Farkas, 1971 #1537], and tsaratananae Milon, Petter & Randrianasolo, 1973 [Milon, 1973 #2686], see Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829].
305 For date correction see Mey (2003) [Mey, 2003 #2655].
306 Implicitly includes incertus Trischitta, 1939 [Trischitta, 1939 #3879]; see Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961].
307 For date correction see Dickinson & Walters (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9469].
308 Not recorded since collection in 1912. Not recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917]; sometimes considered to have been based on individual variation.
309 For establishment of the correct name of this population see Svensson et al. (2012) [Svensson, 2012 #14179].
310 For the attribution of this name to this population see Svensson et al. (2012) [Svensson, 2012 #14179]. But see Mlíkovský (2011) [Mlíkovský, 2011 #13191].
311 Recent recognition of S. maurus and S. tectes, following Wittmann et al. (1995) [Wittmann, 1995 #4254] and Wink et al. (2002) [Wink, 2002 #4237] as separate species implies these are best seen as allospecies, as S. dacotiae may be too.
312 For date correction see Steinheimer (2005) [Steinheimer, 2005 #3709].
313 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
314 Includes altivagus Clancey, 1988 [Clancey, 1988 #939], see Pearson (1992) [Pearson, 1992 #2987].
315 Includes adamauae and pallidigula see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
316 Date of publication February 7, 1931 see volume table of contents.
317 Use of 1776 in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was erroneous.
318 Includes montane populations tsaratananae and ankaratrae; see Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829]. These were recognised by Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
319 For treatment as a separate species from S. torquatus see Safford & Hawkins (2013) [Safford, 2013 #14829].
320 October 27, 1922 not 1923 as given by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315].
321 Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315] attributed this to Kelaart, but Blyth described it acknowledging Kelaart's MS name.
322 For recognition see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
323 Given as 1851 by Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315]; but see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296].
324 For confirmation that this genus should be recognised; see Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725]. Placement here follows them.
325 For the use of this genus-group name for the distinctive sickle-winged chats, previously treated in Cercomela; see Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109].
326 Includes kobosensis; see Clancey (1980) [Clancey, 1980 #909].
327 Recognition of this genus supported by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435] and by the broader sampling by Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109].
328 Implicitly includes rudolfi from Mt. Elgon, see Ripley (1964) [Ripley, 1964 #3315]; not mentioned by White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188] or Fry (1992) [Fry, 1992 #1627].
329 Genus retained based on the findings of Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109] and Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725] whose species sequence we follow including the species M. monticola which has been transferred from Oenanthe.
330 Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725] acted as First Revisers in assigning precedence to the name Myrmecocichla over the name Dromolaea both having been published in the same work.
331 For date accepted here see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
332 For date accepted here see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
333 Treated as monotypic by White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
334 For correction of authorship and date see Clancey & Brooke (1990) [Clancey, 1990 #6009].
335 For recognition see Dean in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
336 Includes griseiceps see Tye (1992) [Tye, 1992 #3891].
337 Correct original spelling. Spelling arnotii in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was an ISS.
338 For recognition see Glen et al. (2011) [Glen, 2011 #12629] and Chapin (1953) [Chapin, 1953 #15492]; collaris is a synonym. But see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
339 Species sequence based on Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725]. Includes part of Cercomela including its type species, but Cercomela sordida reverts to a monotypic genus Pinarochroa and other species move to Emarginata, see also Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109].
340 Includes virago and nivea see Roselaar in Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087].
341 For recognition see Dean in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
342 For recognition see Dean in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
343 For date correction see Duncan (1937) [Duncan, 1937 #1442].
344 For reasons to separate O. heuglinii from O. bottae see Zimmermann et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328]. Includes campicolina; see White (1982) [White, 1962 #4188].
345 For date and spelling correction and change of authorship see van den Elzen et al. (2011) [van den Elzen, 2011 #12758].
346 May form a superspecies with O. bottae and O. heuglinii; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
347 For elevation to species rank see Randler et al. (2012) [Randler, 2012 #13463] and Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725].
348 Formerly treated in Pentholaea or Myrmecocichla; placement within a broad genus Oenanthe follows Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435].
349 For suggestion of two subspecies groups see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
350 For elevation to species rank see Tye (1986) [Tye, 1986 #15487].
351 Includes brooksbanki; see Cramp et al. (1988) [Cramp, 1988 #1087] and Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
352 Includes modesta see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
353 For correct date see Dickinson et al. (2010) [Dickinson, 2010 #12496].
354 For correction of authorship and date see Clancey & Brooke (1990) [Clancey, 1990 #6009].
355 For date correction see van den Elzen et al. (2011) [van den Elzen, 2011 #12758].
356 A patchwork of populations may resolve into three morphs, based on plumage colour, or perhaps be subspecies as treated by Panov (2005) [Panov, 2005 #15626], for which the names capistrata, opistholeuca and picata are available.
357 The taxon named syenitica has been shown not to be identifiable with this species; see Shirihai et al. (2011) [Shirihai, 2011 #13526] and Shirihai et al. (2014) [Shirihai, 2014 #15643].
358 Includes aegra; see Collar (2005) [Collar, 2005 #8917].
359 For separation of O. lugubris from O. lugens see Zimmerman et al. (1996) [Zimmerman, 1996 #4328].
360 Includes syenitica see Shirihai et al. (2014) [Shirihai, 2014 #15643].
361 For reasons for treatment as a species separate from O. xanthoprymna see Bates (1935) [Bates, 1935 #231] and Nikolaus (1987) [Nikolaus, 1987 #2775]. Reported intergrades have been re-identified as 1st. winter xanthoprymna. Includes kingi see Vaurie (1959) [Vaurie, 1959 #3961].
362 Loses species semirufa to Monticola see Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435]. We retain the genus as monotypic following Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109] and Alabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725].
363 For date accepted here see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
364 For treatment of this and kordofanensis within T. cinnamomeiventris, see White (1962) [White, 1962 #4188].
365 This may belong with the proto-thrushes not with the chats, see Olson (1998) [Olson, 1998 #2861]. Not sampled by Sangster et al. (2010) [Sangster, 2010 #12435], Outlaw et al. (2010) [Outlaw, 2010 #12109] or Aliabadian et al. (2012) [Aliabadian, 2012 #14725].
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