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VIDUIDAE - Indigobirds1 (2:20)
VIDUA Cuvier, 1816 F - Emberiza vidua Linnaeus, 1766; type by tautonymy = Fringilla macroura Pallas, 1764  2,3
Vidua macroura 4  (Pallas, 1764) Pin-tailed Whydah
iSenegal to Ethiopia and South Africa5
Vidua paradisaea   (Linnaeus, 1758) Eastern Paradise Whydah/Long-tailed Paradise Whydah
vEthiopia and E Africa to NE South Africa, Zimbabwe, N Namibia and W Angola.
Vidua obtusa 6  (Chapin, 1922) Broad-tailed Paradise Whydah
vW Uganda, W and S Tanzania to S DR Congo, Angola, Zimbabwe and C Mozambique
Vidua orientalis Sahel Paradise Whydah
aucupum (Neumann, 1908) Senegal to N Nigeria
orientalis von Heuglin, 18707 αvS Chad to Sudan and Eritrea
Vidua interjecta 8  (Grote, 1922) Exclamatory Whydah
vS Senegal and Guinea to Nigeria, N DR Congo, S South Sudan and W Ethiopia
Vidua hypocherina   J. & E. Verreaux, 1856 Steel-blue Whydah
vEthiopia, NW and S Somalia to Uganda, Kenya, N and C Tanzania
Vidua regia 9  (Linnaeus, 1766) Shaft-tailed Whydah
vSW Angola, N Namibia, W Zambia, Zimbabwe, S Mozambique, N South Africa
Vidua fischeri   (Reichenow, 1882) Straw-tailed Whydah
iSomalia to SE South Sudan, W and S Kenya, N Tanzania
Vidua togoensis 10  (Grote, 1923) Togo Paradise Whydah
vSierra Leone to Togo; Cameroon
Vidua wilsoni 11  (E. Hartert, 1901) Wilson's Indigobird
iS Senegal and Guinea to Nigeria, NE DR Congo, South Sudan and W Ethiopia
Vidua larvaticola   Payne, 1982 Barka Indigobird
iGuinea-Bissau to W Ethiopia [Payne, 1982 #2967]
Vidua maryae 12  Payne, 1982 Jos Plateau Indigobird
iN Nigeria (Jos Plateau) [Payne, 1982 #2967]
Vidua camerunensis 13  (Grote, 1922) Fonio Indigobird/Cameroon Indigobird
vGambia and Guinea to Cameroon, NE and SW DR Congo and South Sudan
Vidua nigeriae 14  (Alexander, 1908) Quailfinch Indigobird
iGambia, Mali, Nigeria, N Cameroon, S South Sudan
Vidua raricola   Payne, 1982 Jambandu Indigobird
iSierra Leone to Cameroon, NE DR Congo, SW Sudan, S South Sudan, W Ethiopia [Payne, 1982 #2967]
Vidua codringtoni 15  (Neave, 1907) Peters's Twinspot Indigobird/Zambezi Indigobird
iS Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe
Vidua funerea Dusky Indigobird
nigerrima (Sharpe, 1871) vS PR Congo to W Kenya and south to Zimbabwe
funerea (de Tarragon, 1847) vS Mozambique, E South Africa
Vidua chalybeata16 Village Indigobird
1 chalybeata (Statius Muller, 1776) vSenegal and Sierra Leone to W Mali
1 neumanni (Alexander, 1908)17 E Mali and Burkina Faso to South Sudan and Eritrea
2 ultramarina (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vEthiopia
3 centralis (Neunzig, 1928) vInland Kenya and Tanzania and Uganda to S DR Congo and NE Zambia
3 amauropteryx (Sharpe, 1890) S Somalia, coastal E Africa to E and S Zambia, Mozambique
3 okavangoensis Payne, 1973 vW Zambia, Botswana, Angola [Payne, 1973 #2965]
Vidua purpurascens 18  (Reichenow, 1883) Purple Indigobird
iKenya to Angola and NE South Africa
ANOMALOSPIZA Shelley, 1901 F - Crithagra rendalli Tristram, 1895; type by original designation = Crithagra imberbis Cabanis, 1868  19
Anomalospiza imberbis 20  (Cabanis, 1868) Parasitic Weaver/Cuckoo-finch
vGambia and Sierra Leone to South Sudan, Ethiopia, south to Zimbabwe, NE and E South Africa

1 Treatment as a separate family from the Ploceidae follows Sorenson & Payne (2001) [Sorenson, 2001 #3681] and Sorenson & Payne (2003) [Sorenson, 2003 #3683].
2 Species sequence based on Sorenson et al. (2003) [Sorenson, 2003 #3683].
3 Dated 1817 by Traylor (1968) [Traylor, 1968 #3865]; but see Browning & Monroe (1991) [Browning, 1991 #542].
4 Includes arenosa Clancey, 1977 [Clancey, 1977 #886]; see Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13492].
5 Introduced to Puerto Rico.
6 For treatment as a separate species from V. orientalis; see Payne (1985) [Payne, 1985 #2969].
7 Dated 1871 by Traylor (1968), but see Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296] and van den Elzen et al. (2011) [van den Elzen, 2011 #12758].
8 For treatment as a separate species from V. orientalis; see Payne (1985) [Payne, 1985 #2969].
9 Includes woltersi; see Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13491].
10 For treatment as a separate species from V. orientalis; see Payne (1985) [Payne, 1985 #2969].
11 Includes lorenzi Nicolai, 1972 [Nicolai, 1972 #2767], see Payne (1982) [Payne, 1982 #2967], who also discussed the name incognita Nicolai, 1972 [Nicolai, 1972 #2767] which had been applied to a captive bird of unknown origin. See also Payne et al. (2002) [Payne, 2002 #2975].
12 Described as a subspecies of V. funerea; for elevation to species rank see Payne (1998) [Payne, 1998 #2973].
13 For extraction from synonymy in V. funerea and treatment at species rank, see Payne (1994) [Payne, 1994 #4420]. Includes sorora Payne, 1982 [Payne, 1982 #2967] see Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13492].
14 For treatment as a separate species from V. funerea, see Payne & Payne (1994) [Payne, 1994 #4420].
15 For recognition as a species see Payne et al. (1992) [Payne, 1992 #2971]. Includes lusituensis Payne 1973 [Payne, 1973 #2965]; see Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13492].
16 Subspecies groups follow Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13491].
17 For recognition see Payne (2004) [Payne, 2004 #15655].
18 For treatment as a separate species from V. funerea see Payne (1968) [Payne, 1968 #15727].
19 For reasons to place this next to Vidua see Sorenson & Payne (2001) [Sorenson, 2001 #3681] and Lahti & Payne (2003) [Lahti, 2003 #2309]. However, see also Mayr (2013) [Mayr, 2013 #14877] for an apparent sister relationship between Anomalospiza and Ambylospiza.
20 Payne (2010) [Payne, 2010 #13491] recognised butleri which was treated as a synonymy of L. larvata nigricollis by Mayr et al. (1968) [Mayr, 1968 #2565].
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