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PHOENICOPTERIDAE - Flamingos (3:6)
PHOENICOPTERUS Linnaeus, 1758 M - Phoenicopterus ruber Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Phoenicopterus roseus 1  Pallas, 1811 Greater Flamingo
vS Europe, C Asia, NW India, N, E and S Africa
Phoenicopterus ruber 2,3  Linnaeus, 1758 American Flamingo
vN coast of Yucatan Pen.; Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola; Bonaire I. (Netherlands Antilles) and coasts of NE Colombia (Magdalena) to N Brazil (Amapá); Galapagos Is.
Phoenicopterus chilensis   G.I. Molina, 1782 Chilean Flamingo
vLocally in Andes from C Peru (Junín) to Tierra del Fuego and throughout C and S Argentina >> coastal Peru and Ecuador, SE Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
PHOENICONAIAS G.R. Gray, 1869 F - Phoenicopterus minor E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1798; type by monotypy  4
Phoeniconaias minor   (E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1798) Lesser Flamingo
vMauritania, S and E Africa, NW India >> sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and India
PHOENICOPARRUS Bonaparte, 1856 M - Phoenicopterus andinus R. A. Philippi, Sr., 1854; type by original designation  
Phoenicoparrus andinus   (R.A. Philippi, Sr., 1854) Andean Flamingo
vAndes from S Peru (Arequipa) to N Chile (N Atacama) and NW Argentina (Jujuy) >> C Argentina (Córdoba, Santa Fé)
Phoenicoparrus jamesi   (P.L. Sclater, 1886) James's Flamingo
iAndes from S Peru (Arequipa) to N Chile (Antofagasta) and NW Argentina (Jujuy)

1 For treatment as a separate species from P. ruber see Sangster (1997) [Sangster, 1997 #13968], Collinson (2006) [Collinson, 2006 #9805] and Banks et al. (2008) [Banks, 2008 #10765].
2 Includes glyphorhynchus Gray, 1869 [Gray, 1869 #13731]; see Salvin (1876) [Salvin, 1876 #13732]. Use of this name in popular literature and reports that the Galapagos birds differ visibly from others the potential diagnosability of this taxon merits review.
3 Forms a superspecies with P. roseus and P. chilensis; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
4 This and Phoenicoparrus both included in Phoenicopterus by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].