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CICONIIDAE - Storks1 (6:19)
LEPTOPTILOS Lesson, 1831 M - Ardea argala Latham, 1790; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 67). = Ardea dubia J.F. Gmelin, 1789  
Leptoptilos dubius 2  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Greater Adjutant
vIndia (only?), Cambodia (formerly continental SE Asia except NE)
Leptoptilos crumenifer 3  (Lesson, 1831) δ Marabou
vSenegal to Eritrea and south to Namibia and N South Africa (Free State and KwaZulu-Natal)
Leptoptilos javanicus   (Horsfield, 1821) Lesser Adjutant
vNepal, India, Sri Lanka, S China, mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas
MYCTERIA Linnaeus, 1758 F - Mycteria americana Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Mycteria americana   Linnaeus, 1758 Wood Stork
vSE USA (Georgia, Florida), Cuba, Hispaniola; coastal Mexico S to W Ecuador and N Argentina (N Buenos Aires)
Mycteria ibis   (Linnaeus, 1766) Yellow-billed Stork
iSenegal to Eritrea and south to South Africa
Mycteria cinerea   (Raffles, 1822) Milky Stork
vSE continental SE Asia, S Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java, Bali, Sulawesi
Mycteria leucocephala   (Pennant, 1769) Painted Stork
vNepal, India, Sri Lanka, SE China, mainland SE Asia to C Thai-Malay Pen.
ANASTOMUS Bonnaterre, 1791 M - Ardea oscitans Boddaert, 1783; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1841, A List of the Genera of Birds, ed. 2, p. 87).  
Anastomus oscitans   (Boddaert, 1783) Asian Openbill
iNepal, India, Sri Lanka and continental SE Asia >> S Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
Anastomus lamelligerus African Openbill
lamelligerus Temminck, 1823 vMali to Ethiopia south to N Namibia, Botswana and NE South Africa
madagascariensis A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 vW Madagascar
CICONIA Brisson, 1760 F - Ciconia Brisson; type by tautonymy = Ardea ciconia Linnaeus, 1758  
Ciconia nigra   (Linnaeus, 1758) Black Stork
v(a) C Europe to N China >> sub-Saharan Africa, S and E Asia, continental SE Asia; (b) S Africa >> E Africa
Ciconia abdimii   M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823 Abdim's Stork
iSenegal to Ethiopia >> E and S Africa
Ciconia episcopus4 Woolly-necked Stork
microscelis G.R. Gray, 18485 vGambia to Eritrea south to N Botswana and E South Africa
episcopus (Boddaert, 1783) Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, continental SE Asia, Philippines
neglecta (Finsch, 1904)6 vN and C Thai-Malay Pen. (formerly), S Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and satellites
Ciconia stormi   (W. Blasius, 1896) Storm's Stork
iS Tenasserim to Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo
Ciconia maguari 7  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Maguari Stork
iE Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas; C Brazil (Mato Grosso) and E Bolivia to Uruguay and C Argentina (Río Negro)
Ciconia ciconia8 European White Stork
ciconia (Linnaeus, 1758) (a) N Africa, Europe and SW Asia >> E and S Africa, Pakistan; (b) S Africa >> E Africa
asiatica Severtsov, 1873 vC Asia >> India
Ciconia boyciana   Swinhoe, 1873 Oriental White Stork
vSE Siberia, NE China, Korea, formerly Japan >> S China
JABIRU Hellmayr, 1906 F - Ciconia mycteria M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1819; type by original designation and monotypy  
Jabiru mycteria   (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1819) Jabiru
vPatchily distributed from SE Mexico (S Yucatan Pen.) to NE Argentina (Corrientes, N Santa Fé)
EPHIPPIORHYNCHUS Bonaparte, 1855 M - Ciconia ephippiorhyncha Temminck, 1824; type by monotypy and virtual tautonymy = Mycteria senegalensis Shaw, 1800  
Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Black-necked Stork
asiaticus (Latham, 1790) vIndia, Sri Lanka, mainland SE Asia to N Thai-Malay Pen.; formerly Java
australis (Shaw, 1800)9 vLowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region), islands in Torres Strait, NW to NE and EC Australia
Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis   (Shaw, 1800) Saddle-bill Stork
vSenegal to Eritrea and south to Botswana and NE South Africa (Free State and KwaZulu-Natal)

1 Classification based largely on Slikas (1997) [Slikas, 1997 #13697], except that Anastomus, not sampled by Slikas (1997), retained in traditional position next to Mycteria.
2 Considered to form a superspecies with L. crumenifer; see Snow (1978) [Snow, 1978 #13852].
3 Original spelling crumenifera; variable, see David & Gosselin (2011) [David, 2011 #13197].
4 Forms a superspecies with C. stormi; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
5 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4748].
6 Diagnosability doubtful; see Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094].
7 Formerly placed in monotypic genus Euxenura but see Kahl (1972) [Kahl, 1972 #13978] and Slikas et al. (1997) [Slikas, 1997 #13697].
8 Forms a superspecies with C. boyciana; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
9 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602].
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