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ACCIPITRIDAE - Kites, Hawks and Eagles1 (70:241)
ELANINAE
ELANUS Savigny, 1809 M - Elanus caesius Savigny, 1809; type by monotypy = Falco caeruleus Desfontaines, 1789  
Elanus caeruleus2 Black-winged Kite
caeruleus (Desfontaines, 1789) vSW Europe, Africa, W Yemen
vociferus (Latham, 1790)3 vS Asia, Yunnan, continental SE Asia
hypoleucus Gould, 18594 vS Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi and satellites, W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Timor), lowland New Guinea
Elanus axillaris 5  (Latham, 1801) α Black-shouldered Kite
vAustralia [Latham, 1801 #2332]
Elanus leucurus6 White-tailed Kite
majusculus Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1920 vW and S USA (SW Washington to California; S Texas; extreme S Florida) to Costa Rica
leucurus (Vieillot, 1818) vPanama east to the Guianas and south to N Ecuador and N Brazil; SE Peru, N and E Bolivia and C and S Brazil south to C Argentina; C Chile
Elanus scriptus   Gould, 1842 Letter-winged Kite
vC Australia
GAMPSONYX Vigors, 1825 M - Gampsonyx swainsonii Vigors, 1825; type by monotypy  
Gampsonyx swainsonii Pearl Kite
leonae C. Chubb, 1918 W Nicaragua; Panama, N and E Colombia east to Surinam and south to NE Ecuador and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon); Trinidad
magnus C. Chubb, 1918 vSW Colombia (Cauca, Nariño); W Ecuador (Manabí) to NW Peru (Lambayeque)
swainsonii Vigors, 1825 Brazil (south of R. Amazon) and SE Peru south to Paraguay and N Argentina
CHELICTINIA Lesson, 1843 F - Elanoides riocourii Vieillot, 1822; type by monotypy = Falco riocourii Temminck, 1821  7
Chelictinia riocourii 8  (Temminck, 1821) α Scissor-tailed Kite
iSenegal to Eritrea and N Kenya
GYPAETINAE

Tribe PERNINI
LEPTODON Sundevall, 1836 M - Falco cayennensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by monotypy = Falco cayanensis Latham, 1790  
Leptodon cayanensis Gray-headed Kite
cayanensis (Latham, 1790) vC Mexico (S Veracruz and E Oaxaca) to W Ecuador, Amazonia, the Guianas and Trinidad
monachus (Vieillot, 1817)9 C Brazil to E Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina
Leptodon forbesi 10  (Swann, 1922) White-collared Kite
iNE Brazil (E Pernambuco, E Alagoas)
CHONDROHIERAX Lesson, 1843 M - Daedalion erythrofrons Lesson, 1843; type by monotypy = Falco uncinatus Temminck, 1822  
Chondrohierax uncinatus Hook-billed Kite
1 uncinatus (Temminck, 1822)11 vW Mexico (Sinaloa) and S USA (S Texas) to NW Peru, N Argentina and SE Brazil; Trinidad
1 mirus Friedmann, 1934 vGrenada (Lesser Antilles)
2 wilsonii (Cassin, 1847)12 E Cuba
ELANOIDES Vieillot, 1818 M - Milan de la Caroline Brisson; type by monotypy = Falco forficatus Linnaeus, 1758  
Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite
forficatus (Linnaeus, 1758) vCoastal SE USA (South Carolina to SE Texas) >> South America
yetapa (Vieillot, 1818) SE Mexico (E Chiapas) to NW Peru, N Argentina and SE Brazil
PERNIS Cuvier, 1816 M - Falco apivorus Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  13
Pernis apivorus 14  (Linnaeus, 1758) European Honey Buzzard
vEurope, N Asia >> Africa
Pernis ptilorhynchus Oriental Honey Buzzard
orientalis Taczanowski, 1891 vC to E Siberia, Japan, NE China >> S China, SE Asia to Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sangir Is., Lesser Sundas
ruficollis Lesson, 1830 vIndia, Sri Lanka, SW China, continental SE Asia (except SW)
torquatus Lesson, 1830 vExtreme SW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
ptilorhynchus (Temminck, 1821)15 δJava
palawanensis Stresemann, 1940 vPalawan (Philippines)
philippensis Mayr, 1939 vPhilippines (except Palawan)
Pernis celebensis   Wallace, 1868 Barred Honey Buzzard
vSulawesi and satellites
Pernis steerei16 Philippine Honey Buzzard
winkleri Gamauf & Preleuthner, 1998 Luzon (Philippines) [Gamauf, 1998 #1648]
steerei W.L. Sclater, 1919 Philippines (main islands except Luzon and Palawan)
HAMIROSTRA T. Brown, 1846 F - Hamirostra montana T. Brown, 1846; type by monotypy = Buteo melanosternon Gould, 1841  
Hamirostra melanosternon   (Gould, 1841) Black-breasted Buzzard
iN and C Australia
LOPHOICTINIA Kaup, 1847 F - Milvus isurus Gould, 1838; type by monotypy  
Lophoictinia isura   (Gould, 1838) Square-tailed Kite
vAustralia
HENICOPERNIS G.R. Gray, 1859 M - Falco longicauda Lesson & Garnot, 1828; type by monotypy  17
Henicopernis longicauda 18,19  (Lesson & Garnot, 1828) Long-tailed Honey Buzzard
iLowland to lower montane New Guinea and satellite islands, including Aru Is.
Henicopernis infuscatus   J.H. Gurney Sr., 1882 Black Honey Buzzard
vNew Britain
AVICEDA Swainson, 1836 F - Aviceda cuculoides Swainson, 1837; type by subsequent monotypy (Swainson, 1837, Natural History and Classification of Birds, 2, p. 214).  20
Aviceda cuculoides African Cuckoo Hawk
cuculoides Swainson, 1837 Gambia to N Nigeria, N DR Congo and W Ethiopia
batesi (Swann, 1920) Guinea to Cameroon and lower Congo basin
verreauxii Lafresnaye, 184621,22 δC DR Congo to S Kenya south to Angola, Zimbabwe and E South Africa
Aviceda madagascariensis 23  (A. Smith, 1834) Madagascar Cuckoo Hawk
vMadagascar
Aviceda jerdoni Jerdon's Baza
jerdoni (Blyth, 1842) Foothills of E Himalayas (west to E Nepal), NE India, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra >> Thai-Malay Pen.
ceylonensis (Legge, 1876) vSW India, Sri Lanka
borneensis (Brüggemann, 1876) vBorneo
magnirostris (Kaup, 1847) vPhilippines
celebensis (Schlegel, 1873) vSulawesi, Banggai Is., Sula Is.
Aviceda subcristata Pacific Baza
timorlaoensis (A.B. Meyer, 1893) αvIslands in Flores Sea, Lesser Sundas (east to Tanimbar Is.)
rufa (Schlegel, 1866) vN Moluccas
stresemanni (Siebers, 1930) Buru (S Moluccas)
reinwardtii (Schlegel & S. Müller, 1841) Seram and satellites (S Moluccas)
pallida (Stresemann, 1913) vGorong Is., Kai Is. (S Moluccas)
waigeuensis Mayr, 1940 vWaigeo (Western Papuan Is.)
obscura Junge, 1956 vBiak I. (in Cenderawasih Bay)
stenozona (G.R. Gray, 1858) vMisool, lowland NW to SC New Guinea, Aru Is.
megala (Stresemann, 1913) vLowland N to SE New Guinea, Yapen I., D'Entrecasteaux Arch.
coultasi Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.)
bismarckii (Sharpe, 1888) E Bismarck Arch.
gurneyi (E.P. Ramsay, 1882)24 Solomons (all larger islands)
subcristata (Gould, 1838)25 vN and E Australia
Aviceda leuphotes 26  (C. Dumont, 1820) Black Baza
Himalayas (east from Uttarakhand) to S China (including Hainan), W and N continental SE Asia >> SW India, Sri Lanka, Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and Java
EUTRIORCHIS Sharpe, 1875 M - Eutriorchis astur Sharpe, 1875; type by original designation and monotypy  27
Eutriorchis astur   Sharpe, 1875 Madagascar Serpent Eagle
iE Madagascar
Tribe GYPAETINI
POLYBOROIDES A. Smith, 1829 M - Polyboroides typus A. Smith, 1829; type by monotypy  
Polyboroides typus African Harrier Hawk
typus A. Smith, 1829 C Sudan to Ethiopia, E and S Africa
pectoralis Sharpe, 1903 vGambia to W Sudan south to Congo basin
Polyboroides radiatus 28  (Scopoli, 1786) Madagascar Harrier Hawk
vMadagascar
GYPOHIERAX Rüppell, 1836 M - Falco angolensis J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by original designation and monotypy  
Gypohierax angolensis   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Palm-nut Vulture
vGambia to South Sudan and Kenya, south to South Africa
GYPAETUS Storr, 1784 M - Gypaetus grandis Storr, 1784; type by monotypy = Vultur aureus Hablizl, 1783  
Gypaetus barbatus Bearded Vulture/Lammergeier
aureus (Hablizl, 1783) vS Europe; Pamir Mts., Tien Shan Mts., and Altai Mts. to Tibetan Plateau; SW Asia to W Pakistan, W and C Himalayas (N Pakistan to Nepal)
hemachalanus T. Hutton, 183829,30 δvTibetan Plateau east to C China, including the E Pamir Mts., Tien Shan Mts., Dzhungarian Alatau Mts., Russian and Mongolian Altai Mts., south to the Himalayas
barbatus (Linnaeus, 1758) vNW Africa
meridionalis Keyserling & J.H. Blasius, 1840 vYemen, NE and E Africa, Lesotho and E South Africa
NEOPHRON Savigny, 1809 M - Vultur percnopterus Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy  
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture
percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758)31 Africa, S Europe to C Asia and NW India
majorensis Donázar et al., 2002 vCanary Is. [Donázar, 2002 #4374]
ginginianus (Latham, 1790) vNepal to West Bengal, south to S India
ACCIPITRINAE

Tribe CIRCAETINI
SPILORNIS G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Falco bacha Shaw; type by original designation = Falco bassus J.R. Forster, 1798  32
Spilornis cheela Crested Serpent Eagle
cheela (Latham, 1790) Nepal, N India
melanotis (Jerdon, 1841) αvS India
spilogaster (Blyth, 1852) Sri Lanka
burmanicus Swann, 1920 vContinental SE Asia (except NE?)
ricketti W.L. Sclater, 191933 SC and SE China, N Vietnam
malayensis Swann, 1920 vThai-Malay Pen., N Sumatra
davisoni Hume, 1873 Andamans
minimus Hume, 187334 vC Nicobars
perplexus Swann, 1922 vYaeyama Is., Miyako Is. (Japan)
hoya Swinhoe, 1866 Taiwan
rutherfordi Swinhoe, 1870 Hainan
pallidus Walden, 1872 vN Borneo
richmondi Swann, 192235 S Borneo
natunensis Chasen, 1935 αvN Natuna Is. (Indonesia); Belitung I. (off SE Sumatra)
sipora Chasen & Kloss, 1926 Mentawai Is. (off W Sumatra)
batu Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 αBatu Is. (off W Sumatra), S Sumatra
asturinus A.B. Meyer, 1884 vNias I. (off W Sumatra)
abbotti Richmond, 1903 Simeulue I. (off W Sumatra)
bido (Horsfield, 1821) Java, Bali
baweanus Oberholser, 1917 vBawean I. (Java Sea)
palawanensis W.L. Sclater, 1919 vCalamian Group, Palawan, Balabac (Philippines)
holospilus (Vigors, 1831)36 vPhilippines (except Calamian Group, Palawan and Balabac)
Spilornis klossi 37  Richmond, 1902 Nicobar Serpent Eagle
iGreat Nicobar (Nicobars)
Spilornis kinabaluensis   W.L. Sclater, 1919 Kinabalu Serpent Eagle
vMountains of Borneo
Spilornis rufipectus Sulawesi Serpent Eagle
rufipectus Gould, 1858 Sulawesi and satellites (except range of sulaensis)
sulaensis (Schlegel, 1866) vBanggai Is., Sula Is.
Spilornis elgini 38  (Blyth, 1863) Andaman Serpent Eagle
iAndamans
DRYOTRIORCHIS Shelley, 1874 M - Astur spectabilis Schlegel, 1863; type by original designation and monotypy  
Dryotriorchis spectabilis Congo Serpent Eagle
spectabilis (Schlegel, 1863) vSierra Leone to E Ghana; S Nigeria and N Cameroon
batesi Sharpe, 1904 Gabon to N Angola and C DR Congo
TERATHOPIUS Lesson, 1830 M - Falco ecaudatus Shaw; type by monotypy = Falco ecaudatus Daudin, 1800  
Terathopius ecaudatus   (Daudin, 1800) Bateleur
vSenegal to Eritrea, south to Botswana and NE South Africa
PITHECOPHAGA Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 F - Pithecophaga jefferyi Ogilvie-Grant, 1896; type by monotypy  
Pithecophaga jefferyi   Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 Philippine Eagle
iLuzon, Samar, Mindanao (Philippines)
CIRCAETUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Le Jean-le-Blanc Buffon; type by monotypy = Falco gallicus J.F. Gmelin, 1788  
Circaetus gallicus 39,40  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Short-toed Eagle
v(a) N Africa, C and S Europe to NW China, Mongolia and S Asia >> Africa, S Asia, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra, Java; (b) W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Timor)
Circaetus beaudouini 41  J. Verreaux & Des Murs, 1862 Beaudouin's Snake Eagle
iSenegal to South Sudan
Circaetus pectoralis   A. Smith, 1829 Black-chested Snake Eagle
vE and S Africa
Circaetus cinereus   Vieillot, 1818 Brown Snake Eagle
vN tropical and E Africa to N Namibia, Botswana and N and E South Africa
Circaetus fasciolatus 42  Kaup, 1847 α Southern Banded Snake Eagle
vE Kenya to E South Africa (N KwaZulu-Natal)
Circaetus cinerascens   J.W. von Müller, 1851 Western Banded Snake Eagle
iGuinea to W Ethiopia, south to Angola, N Botswana and N Zimbabwe
Tribe GYPINI
SARCOGYPS Lesson, 1842 M - Vultur ponticerianus Latham, 1790; type by monotypy = Vultur calvus Scopoli, 1786  43
Sarcogyps calvus   (Scopoli, 1786) Red-headed Vulture
vS Asia, continental SE Asia, (formerly) N and C Thai-Malay Pen.
TRIGONOCEPS Lesson, 1842 M - Vultur occipitalis Burchell, 1824; type by monotypy  
Trigonoceps occipitalis   (Burchell, 1824) White-headed Vulture
vN tropical and E Africa south to N Namibia, Botswana and lowland NE South Africa
NECROSYRTES Gloger, 1841 M - Cathartes monachus Temminck, 1823; type by monotypy  
Necrosyrtes monachus Hooded Vulture
pileatus (Burchell, 1824)44 vEthiopia south to South Africa
monachus (Temminck, 1823) W Africa to W Sudan and N Uganda
GYPS Savigny, 1809 M - Gyps vulgaris Savigny, 1809; type by monotypy = Vultur fulvus Hablizl, 1783  45
Gyps himalayensis   Hume, 1869 Himalayan Vulture
vC Asia and Himalayas (east from N Pakistan) >> NW India, W continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
Gyps bengalensis 46  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) White-rumped Vulture
vSE Iran, S Asia, SW China, Myanmar and SE continental SE Asia; formerly mainland SE Asia to C Thai-Malay Pen.
Gyps africanus   Salvadori, 1865 White-backed Vulture
vSenegal to Ethiopia and E Africa, south to C Namibia and N South Africa.
Gyps indicus   (Scopoli, 1786) Indian Vulture
vSE Pakistan, NW, C and SW India
Gyps tenuirostris 47  G.R. Gray, 1844 Slender-billed Vulture
vHimalayan foothills and adjacent plains (east from Kashmir), N and E Myanmar, S Laos, Cambodia
Gyps coprotheres   (J.R. Forster, 1798) Cape Vulture
iNamibia, E Botswana, S Zimbabwe and South Africa
Gyps rueppelli Rüppell's Vulture
rueppelli (A.E. Brehm, 1852)48 δSenegal to Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and N Tanzania
erlangeri Salvadori, 1908 Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture
fulvus (Hablizl, 1783) vS Europe, N and NE Africa to C Asia
fulvescens Hume, 1869 Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir >> Nepal and NW India to Assam
AEGYPIUS Savigny, 1809 M - Vultur niger Daudin, 1800; type by monotypy = Vultur monachus Linnaeus, 1766  
Aegypius monachus   (Linnaeus, 1766) Cinereous Vulture
iS Europe to SW and C Asia, Pakistan and NW India >> N Africa, China and (rarely) mainland SE Asia to Thai-Malay Pen.
TORGOS Kaup, 1828 M - Vultur auricularis Daudin, 1800; type by monotypy = Vultur tracheliotos J.R. Forster, 1796  49
Torgos tracheliotos Lappet-faced Vulture
negevensis Bruun, Mendelssohn & Bull, 1981 vS Israel to Arabian Pen. [Bruun, 1981 #562]
tracheliotos (J.R. Forster, 1796)50,51 αvE Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia south to Namibia and N South Africa
Tribe ACCIPITRINI
MACHEIRAMPHUS Bonaparte, 1850 M - Macheiramphus alcinus Bonaparte, 1850; type by monotypy  52,53
Macheiramphus alcinus Bat Hawk
anderssoni (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1866) Gambia to Somalia and NE South Africa; Madagascar
alcinus Bonaparte, 1850 vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi (?) [Bonaparte, 1850 #408]
papuanus Mayr, 1940 vLowland to lower montane SC to SE New Guinea
HARPYOPSIS Salvadori, 1875 F - Harpyopsis novaeguineae Salvadori, 1875; type by monotypy  
Harpyopsis novaeguineae   Salvadori, 1875 Papuan Eagle
iLowland to montane mainland New Guinea
MORPHNUS C. Dumont, 1816 M - Falco guianensis Daudin, 1800; type by subsequent designation (Chubb, 1916, Birds Brit. Guiana, 1, p. 252).  
Morphnus guianensis   (Daudin, 1800) Crested Eagle
vN Guatemala and S Belize to Panama and locally in South America to NW Ecuador, Paraguay, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
HARPIA Vieillot, 1816 F - Vultur harpyja Linnaeus, 1758; type by monotypy and virtual tautonymy  
Harpia harpyja   (Linnaeus, 1758) Harpy Eagle
iS Mexico to Panama and locally in South America to Paraguay, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
STEPHANOAETUS W.L. Sclater, 1922 M - Falco coronatus Linnaeus, 1766; type by original designation  54
Stephanoaetus coronatus   (Linnaeus, 1766) Crowned Eagle
vE South Sudan to W Ethiopia; Guinea to DR Congo and S Kenya, south to Zimbabwe and E and S South Africa
NISAETUS Hodgson, 1836 M - Nisaetus nipalensis Hodgson, 1836; type by original designation  55
Nisaetus nipalensis56 Mountain Hawk Eagle
nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 vHimalayan foothills, S China, Taiwan, mainland SE Asia to C Thai-Malay Pen.
kelaarti (Legge, 1878)57 SW India, Sri Lanka
orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) vJapan >> NE China
Nisaetus bartelsi   (Stresemann, 1924) Javan Hawk Eagle
Java
Nisaetus nanus Wallace's Hawk Eagle
nanus (Wallace, 1868) S Tenasserim to Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo
stresemanni (Amadon, 1953) Nias I. (off W Sumatra)
Nisaetus alboniger   Blyth, 1845 Blyth's Hawk Eagle
vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and Borneo
Nisaetus lanceolatus   (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) Sulawesi Hawk Eagle
vSulawesi, Banggai Is., Sula Is.
Nisaetus philippensis   (Gould, 1863) Luzon Hawk Eagle
vLuzon (Philippines)
Nisaetus pinskeri   (Preleuthner & Gamauf, 1998) Visayan Hawk Eagle
Basilan, Leyte, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Samar, Siquijor (Philippines) [Preleuthner, 1998 #3126]
Nisaetus cirrhatus Changeable Hawk Eagle
limnaeetus (Horsfield, 1821)58 Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), NE India, mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Philippines
cirrhatus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vIndia north to Ganges Plain
ceylanensis (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vSri Lanka
andamanensis (Tytler, 1865) vCoco Is. (off Myanmar), Andamans
vanheurni (Junge, 1936) Simeulue I. (off W Sumatra)
floris (E. Hartert, 1898)59 Sumbawa to Palu and Flores (Lesser Sundas)
LOPHOTRIORCHIS Sharpe, 1874 M - Astur kienerii de Sparre, 1835; type by subsequent designation (Blanford, 1895, Fauna British India, Birds, ed. 1, 3, p. 345).   60
Lophotriorchis kienerii Rufous-bellied Eagle
kienerii (de Sparre, 1835)61 Himalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), NE and SE India, Sri Lanka
formosus (Stresemann, 1924) vHainan, mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa and Flores)
POLEMAETUS F. Heine, Jr., 1890 M - Falco bellicosus Daudin, 1800; type by monotypy  62
Polemaetus bellicosus   (Daudin, 1800) Martial Eagle
vSenegal to Ethiopia, E and S Africa
SPIZAETUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Falco ornatus Daudin, 1800; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 2).  63
Spizaetus tyrannus Black Hawk Eagle
serus Friedmann, 1950 vC Mexico to Colombia, east to the Guianas and Trinidad, south through Amazonia to N and E Bolivia; W Ecuador and NW Peru
tyrannus (zu Wied-Neuwied, 1820) E Brazil, NE Argentina and E Paraguay
Spizaetus melanoleucus 64  (Vieillot, 1816) Black-and-white Hawk Eagle
vE and S Mexico (Tamaulipas and Oaxaca) to NW Ecuador, N Argentina, C and SE Brazil
Spizaetus ornatus Ornate Hawk Eagle
vicarius Friedmann, 1935 vC Mexico (S Tamaulipas and Jalisco) to N and W Colombia, W Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes)
ornatus (Daudin, 1800) vE Colombia to the Guianas and Trinidad, south to N Argentina, C and SE Brazil
Spizaetus isidori 65  (Des Murs, 1845) Black-and-chestnut Eagle
Coastal Range of Venezuela; Sierra de Perijá; Santa Marta Mts.; Andean slopes from Venezuela to NW Argentina
ICTINAETUS Blyth, 1843 M - Ictinaëtus ovivorus Hodgson; type by monotypy = Aquila pernigra Hodgson, 1836  
Ictinaetus malaiensis Black Eagle
perniger (Hodgson, 1836) vS Asia, W and N Myanmar
malaiensis (Temminck, 1822)66 δvSE China to Taiwan, mainland SE Asia (except NW), Greater Sundas, Sulawesi and satellites, Moluccas
LOPHAETUS Kaup, 1847 M - Falco occipitalis Daudin, 1800; type by monotypy  
Lophaetus occipitalis   (Daudin, 1800) Long-crested Eagle
vSenegal to Ethiopia south to Angola, N Botswana and E South Africa
CLANGA Adamowicz, 1858 F - Falco maculatus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by tautonymy = Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811  67,68
Clanga pomarina   (C.L. Brehm, 1831) Lesser Spotted Eagle
vC Europe to Ukraine, Caucasus area and N Iran >> SW Asia and E and S Africa
Clanga hastata 69  (Lesson, 1831) α Indian Spotted Eagle
vN India, Nepal, Bangladesh, SW and S Myanmar, Cambodia
Clanga clanga   (Pallas, 1811) Greater Spotted Eagle
C Europe to Russian Far East, N China >> S Europe, NE Africa, SW and S Asia, S China, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra
AQUILA Brisson, 1760 F - Aquila Brisson; type by tautonymy = Falco chrysaetos Linnaeus, 1758  
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle
vindhiana Franklin, 1831 vPakistan, S Nepal, India
belisarius (J.J.R. Levaillant, 1850) Morocco to Nigeria and Ethiopia; SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen
rapax (Temminck, 1828) Angola, Uganda and Kenya to South Africa
Aquila nipalensis70,71 Steppe Eagle
orientalis Cabanis, 1854 vE Europe to C Kazakhstan >> SW Asia, Middle East and E Africa
nipalensis Hodgson, 1833 vE Kazakhstan to Mongolia and N China >> SW and S Asia, W continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
Aquila adalberti 72  C.L. Brehm, 1861 Spanish Imperial Eagle
iIberia
Aquila heliaca   Savigny, 1809 Eastern Imperial Eagle
vSE Europe to C Siberia >> NE Africa, S Asia, S China, mainland SE Asia
Aquila gurneyi   G.R. Gray, 1861 α Gurney's Eagle
iMoluccas, lowland New Guinea and satellite islands
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle
chrysaetos (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe (except Iberia), NW and NC Asia east to R. Yenisey
kamtschatica Severtsov, 188873 vNE Asia (R. Yenisey and Mongolia to Kamchatka and NE China)
japonica Severtsov, 1888 vKorea, Japan
daphanea Severtsov, 1888 vMountains of C Asia from Pamir Mts. to SW and C China, south to W and C Himalayas (N Pakistan to Bhutan)
homeyeri Severtsov, 188874 Iberia, N Africa, Middle East and Arabian Pen. to Caucasus area, Iran and E Uzbekistan; Ethiopia
canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) vAlaska, Canada, W USA and NW Mexico (south to San Luis Potosí)
Aquila audax Wedge-tailed Eagle
audax (Latham, 1801) αS New Guinea, Australia
fleayi Condon & Amadon, 1954 Tasmania
Aquila verreauxii   Lesson, 1831 α Verreaux's Eagle
iW Sudan, Ethiopia to SW Angola, Namibia and South Africa; Israel, Arabian Pen.
Aquila fasciata75 Bonelli's Eagle
fasciata Vieillot, 1822 vN Africa, S Europe, SW, C and S Asia, C and S China, N continental SE Asia
renschi (Stresemann, 1932) Sumbawa to Tanimbar Is. (Lesser Sundas)
Aquila spilogaster   (Bonaparte, 1850) African Hawk Eagle
Senegal to Ethiopia, E Africa to Angola, C Namibia and NE South Africa
Aquila africana   (Cassin, 1865) Cassin's Hawk Eagle
vGuinea to DR Congo and W Uganda
HIERAAETUS Kaup, 1844 M - Falco pennatus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by original designation  76
Hieraaetus wahlbergi   (Sundevall, 1850) α Wahlberg's Eagle
iGambia to Eritrea south to NE and E South Africa
Hieraaetus pennatus 77  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Booted Eagle
v(a) N Africa and S Europe to C and northern S Asia >> W mainland SE Asia to Thai-Malay Pen., Bali; (b) S Africa >> S and E Africa
Hieraaetus weiskei 78  (Reichenow, 1900) Pygmy Eagle
Montane Papua New Guinea
Hieraaetus morphnoides   (Gould, 1841) Little Eagle
Australia
Hieraaetus ayresii 79  (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1862) Ayres's Eagle
iEthiopia; Sierra Leone to Uganda and Kenya, south to N Angola, E Botswana and NE South Africa
KAUPIFALCO Bonaparte, 1854 M - Falco monogrammicus Temminck, 1824; type by monotypy  80
Kaupifalco monogrammicus 81  (Temminck, 1824) Lizard Buzzard
vSenegal to W Ethiopia and south to Angola and NE and E South Africa
MELIERAX G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Falco musicus Daudin, 1800; type by original designation = Falco canorus Thunberg, 1799  
Melierax metabates Dark Chanting Goshawk
theresae R. Meinertzhagen, 1939 SW Morocco
ignoscens Friedmann, 1928 Yemen
metabates von Heuglin, 186182 Senegal to Sudan and Eritrea, south to Nigeria, Kenya and N Tanzania
mechowi Cabanis, 1882 S Tanzania to N Namibia and NE South Africa
Melierax canorus Pale Chanting Goshawk
argentior Clancey, 196083 vSW Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa (N of Orange River)
canorus (Thunberg, 1799)84 vW and S South Africa (S of Orange River)
Melierax poliopterus 85  Cabanis, 1868 α Eastern Chanting Goshawk
vEthiopia and Somalia to N Tanzania
MICRONISUS G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Type by original designation M.(icronisus) gabar (Shaw) = Falco gabar Daudin, 180086
Micronisus gabar87 Gabar Goshawk
niger (Vieillot, 1823)88 vSenegal and N Nigeria to Eritrea and S Yemen [Vieillot, 1823 #5581]
aequatorius Clancey, 1987 vEthiopia to N Zambia [Clancey, 1987 #935]
gabar (Daudin, 1800) Angola and Malawi to South Africa
HARPAGUS Vigors, 1824 M - Falco bidentatus Latham, 1790; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 4).  
Harpagus bidentatus Double-toothed Kite
fasciatus Lawrence, 1869 αvS Mexico (Jalisco and S Veracruz) to W Colombia and W Ecuador (south to W Chimborazo)
bidentatus (Latham, 1790) vSouth America (east of the Andes) south to SE Bolivia and SE Brazil; Trinidad
Harpagus diodon   (Temminck, 1823) Rufous-thighed Kite
iThe Guianas, E and C Brazil (east of R. Branco and R. Purus) south to SE Bolivia, Paraguay and N Argentina
CIRCUS Lacépède, 1799 M - Falco aeruginosus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (Lesson, 1828, Manuel d'Ornithologie, 1, p. 105).  89
Circus aeruginosus90 Western Marsh Harrier
aeruginosus (Linnaeus, 1758) vEurope to SW and C Asia >> S Europe, Africa, S Asia, W continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen.
harterti von Zedlitz, 1914 NW Africa
Circus spilonotus Eastern Marsh Harrier
spilonotus Kaup, 1847 C to SE Siberia, N Japan >> mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Philippines
spilothorax Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1876 αNew Guinea (except Vogelkop)
Circus approximans 91  Peale, 1848 Swamp Harrier/Pacific Harrier
iNE to S Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, Chatham Is., Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Loyalty Is., Fiji, Tonga >> S New Guinea, N Australia, islands in Tasman Sea, Kermadec Is.92
Circus ranivorus   (Daudin, 1800) African Marsh Harrier
vSouth Sudan and Kenya to South Africa
Circus maillardi 93  J. Verreaux, 1862 Réunion Harrier
Réunion
Circus macrosceles 94  A. Newton, 1863 Madagascar Harrier
Comoros, Madagascar
Circus buffoni   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Long-winged Harrier
iSW Colombia to the Guianas, Trinidad and NE Brazil, south to E Bolivia, EC Argentina and Uruguay; C Chile
Circus assimilis   Jardine & Selby, 1828 Spotted Harrier
vSulawesi and satellites, Lesser Sundas (Sumba, Timor), inland Australia
Circus maurus   (Temminck, 1828) Black Harrier
vSouth Africa (except NE) to S and NW Namibia
Circus cyaneus95 Hen Harrier/Northern Harrier
cyaneus (Linnaeus, 1766) vN Eurasia south to C Asia, extreme NW and extreme NE China >> N Africa, SW and north S Asia, continental SE Asia, rarely Thai-Malay Pen. and NW Borneo
hudsonius (Linnaeus, 1766)96 vNorth America and N Central America >> south to N South America and West Indies
Circus cinereus   Vieillot, 1816 Cinereous Harrier
vAndes from Colombia to Tierra del Fuego into lowlands of Paraguay, SE Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina
Circus macrourus   (S.G. Gmelin, 1770) Pallid Harrier
vE Europe and C Asia >> Africa, SW and S Asia, Myanmar
Circus melanoleucos   (Pennant, 1769) Pied Harrier
iSE Siberia, Korea, NE China >> S Asia, S China, mainland SE Asia, Borneo, Philippines
Circus pygargus   (Linnaeus, 1758) Montagu's Harrier
iW Europe and NW Africa to Kazakhstan, Altai Mts. and NW Mongolia >> sub-Saharan Africa and S Asia
ACCIPITER Brisson, 1760 M - Accipiter Brisson; type by tautonymy = Falco nisus Linnaeus, 1758  
Accipiter poliogaster   (Temminck, 1824) Gray-bellied Hawk
iN and C South America (east of Andes) south to Paraguay, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
Accipiter trivirgatus97 Crested Goshawk
indicus (Hodgson, 1836) vHimalayan foothills (east from Uttarakhand), NE India, SW and S China, mainland SE Asia
formosae Mayr, 194998 Taiwan
peninsulae Koelz, 1949 SW India
layardi (Whistler, 1936) Sri Lanka
trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824) vSumatra
niasensis Mayr, 1949 vNias I. (off W Sumatra)
javanicus Mayr, 1949 vJava
microstictus Mayr, 1949 vBorneo
palawanus Mayr, 1949 vCalamian Group and Palawan (Philippines)
castroi Manuel & Gilliard, 1952 Polillo (Philippines)
extimus Mayr, 1945 vNegros, Samar, Leyte, Mindanao (Philippines)
Accipiter griseiceps 99  (Kaup, 1848) α Sulawesi Goshawk
iSulawesi, Muna I., Buton I. [Kaup, 1848 #10899]
Accipiter tachiro African Goshawk
1 macroscelides (Hartlaub, 1855) Sierra Leone to W Cameroon
1 lopezi (Alexander, 1903) Bioko
1 toussenelii (J. & E. Verreaux & Des Murs, 1855)100 S Cameroon, Gabon, N and W DR Congo
2 canescens (Chapin, 1921) E DR Congo to W Uganda
2 unduliventer (Rüppell, 1836)101 Eritrea, Ethiopia
2 sparsimfasciatus (Reichenow, 1895) vSomalia and E Africa to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique
2 pembaensis Benson & Elliott, 1975102 vPemba I. (off NE Tanzania)
2 tachiro (Daudin, 1800) NE, E and S South Africa
Accipiter castanilius 103  Bonaparte, 1853 Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk
S Nigeria to Gabon and DR Congo
Accipiter badius104 Shikra
sphenurus (Rüppell, 1836) vGambia to Eritrea, south to N Tanzania
polyzonoides A. Smith, 1838 S Tanzania and S DR Congo to C Namibia and N South Africa
cenchroides (Severtsov, 1873) Transcaucasia, N Iran to C Asia, W Pakistan >> NW India
dussumieri (Temminck, 1824) Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, India (except SW), Bangladesh
badius (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vSW India, Sri Lanka
poliopsis (Hume, 1874) S China, continental SE Asia, N Sumatra (ssp.?) >> mainland SE Asia
Accipiter butleri Nicobar Sparrowhawk
butleri (J.H. Gurney Jr., 1898) Car Nicobar (Nicobars)105
obsoletus (Richmond, 1902) vKatchall, Camorta (Nicobars)
Accipiter brevipes   (Severtsov, 1850) Levant Sparrowhawk
iBalkans to S Russia >> NE Africa
Accipiter soloensis   (Horsfield, 1821) Chinese Sparrowhawk
vRussian Far East, Korea, China >> S China, SE Asia to Moluccas and W Lesser Sundas (east to Flores)
Accipiter francesiae Frances's Sparrowhawk
griveaudi Benson, 1960 Grande Comore (Comoros)
pusillus (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1875) vAnjouan (Comoros)
brutus (Schlegel, 1865) αvMayotte (Comoros)
francesiae A. Smith, 1834 δMadagascar
Accipiter trinotatus   Bonaparte, 1850 Spot-tailed Goshawk
vSulawesi, Muna I., Buton I.
Accipiter hiogaster106 Variable Goshawk
hiogaster (S. Müller, 1841) Ambon, Seram (S Moluccas)
sylvestris Wallace, 1864 vSumbawa to Alor (Lesser Sundas)
polionotus (Salvadori, 1889) αvBanda Is. (S Moluccas), Damar to Tanimbar Is. (E Lesser Sundas)
mortyi E. Hartert, 1925 Morotai (N Moluccas)
griseogularis (G.R. Gray, 1861) αvHalmahera, Bacan (N Moluccas)
obiensis (E. Hartert, 1903) vObi (N Moluccas)
pallidiceps (Salvadori, 1879) Buru (S Moluccas)
albiventris (Salvadori, 1876) αvKai Is. (SE Moluccas)
leucosomus (Sharpe, 1874) vLowland to lower montane New Guinea and satellite islands, including Aru Is.
misoriensis (Salvadori, 1876) αvBiak I. (in Cenderawasih Bay)
pallidimas Mayr, 1940 D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (inner islands)
misulae Mayr, 1940 Louisiade Arch.
lavongai Mayr, 1945 New Hanover, New Ireland, Tabar Is. (Bismarck Arch.)
matthiae Mayr, 1945 St. Matthias Group (Bismarck Arch.)
manusi Mayr, 1945 Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.)
dampieri (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1882) New Britain, Umboi (Bismarck Arch.)
lihirensis Stresemann, 1933 vLihir I., Tanga Is. (Hibernian Is.)
bougainvillei (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1905) Bougainville, Shortland Is. (N Solomons)
rufoschistaceus (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1902) vChoiseul, Santa Isabel, Florida Is. (C and SE Solomons)
rubianae (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1905) New Georgia Is. (C Solomons)
malaitae Mayr, 1931 Malaita (SE Solomons)
pulchellus (E.P. Ramsay, 1882) αvGuadalcanal (SE Solomons)
Accipiter novaehollandiae   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Grey Goshawk
N and E Australia, Tasmania
Accipiter poliocephalus 107  G.R. Gray, 1858 Grey-headed Goshawk
vLowland New Guinea and satellite islands, including Aru Is.
Accipiter princeps   Mayr, 1934 New Britain Goshawk
iMontane New Britain (Bismarck Arch.)
Accipiter fasciatus Brown Goshawk
natalis (Lister, 1889) vChristmas I. (Indian Ocean)
wallacii (Sharpe, 1874) Lesser Sundas (east to Babar)
tjendanae Stresemann, 1925 Sumba (Lesser Sundas)
stresemanni Rensch, 1931 Islands in Flores Sea
savu Mayr, 1941 Savu (Lesser Sundas)
hellmayri Stresemann, 1922108 Roti to Timor and Alor (Lesser Sundas)
buruensis Stresemann, 1914109 vBuru (S Moluccas)
dogwa Rand, 1941 Lowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region)
polycryptus Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1915 vLowland to montane N to SE New Guinea (west to R. Sepik basin and Gulf of Papua)
vigilax (Wetmore, 1926) Anatom, Tanna, Efaté (Vanuatu), New Caledonia, Loyalty Is.
didimus (Mathews, 1912) N Australia
fasciatus (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) vS to EC Australia, Tasmania >> N Australia and S Solomons (Rennell, Bellona)
Accipiter melanochlamys Black-mantled Goshawk
melanochlamys (Salvadori, 1876) αMontane NW New Guinea (Vogelkop)
schistacinus (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1913)110,111 ΘvMontane WC to SE New Guinea (central cordillera)
Accipiter albogularis Pied Goshawk
eichhorni E. Hartert, 1926 Feni Is. (Hibernian Is.)
woodfordi (Sharpe, 1888) Bougainville, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Malaita, Florida Is., Guadalcanal (Solomons)
gilvus Mayr, 1945 vNew Georgia Is. (C Solomons)
albogularis G.R. Gray, 1870 vSan Cristobal, Uki, Santa Ana (SE Solomons)
sharpei (Oustalet, 1875) Santa Cruz Is. (E Solomons)
Accipiter haplochrous   P.L. Sclater, 1859 White-bellied Goshawk
vNew Caledonia
Accipiter rufitorques 112  (Peale, 1848) Fiji Goshawk
iFiji (except S Lau Group)
Accipiter henicogrammus   (G.R. Gray, 1861) α Moluccan Goshawk
vN Moluccas
Accipiter luteoschistaceus   Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1926 Slaty-backed Sparrowhawk
vNew Britain (Bismarck Arch.)
Accipiter imitator   E. Hartert, 1926 Imitator Goshawk
iBougainville, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal (Solomons)
Accipiter erythropus Red-thighed Sparrowhawk
erythropus (Hartlaub, 1855) Gambia to Nigeria
zenkeri Reichenow, 1894 Cameroon to W Uganda and N Angola
Accipiter minullus113 Little Sparrowhawk
tropicalis Reichenow, 1898114 vS Somalia and coastal Kenya to E Mozambique
minullus (Daudin, 1800)115 vEthiopia and inland E Africa to Angola, N Namibia and NE, E and S South Africa
Accipiter gularis116 Japanese Sparrowhawk
sibiricus Stepanyan, 1959 vAltai Mts., Baikal area and Mongolia to SE Yakutia and Sea of Okhotsk >> mainland SE Asia
gularis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844) vRussian Far East, Sakhalin, Japan, Korea, NE China >> SE China, SE Asia to Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi, W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Timor)
iwasakii Mishima, 1962 Iriomote-jima, Ishigaki-jima (Yaeyama Is.)
Accipiter virgatus117 Besra
affinis Hodgson, 1836 vHimalayan foothills (west to Kashmir), C and S China, continental SE Asia (except NE) >> N India, mainland SE Asia
fuscipectus Mees, 1970 Taiwan
besra Jerdon, 1839 S India, Sri Lanka
vanbemmeli Voous, 1950118 δMountains of Sumatra
rufotibialis Sharpe, 1887 vMountains of Borneo
virgatus (Temminck, 1822) vMountains of Java, Bali
quinquefasciatus Mees, 1984 vFlores (Lesser Sundas) [Mees, 1984 #2628]
abdulalii Mees, 1981 Andamans [Mees, 1981 #2625]
confusus E. Hartert, 1910 vCatanduanes, Luzon, Mindoro, Negros (Philippines)
quagga Parkes, 1973 Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Mindanao, Samar (Philippines)
Accipiter nanus   (W. Blasius, 1897) Dwarf Sparrowhawk
iSulawesi
Accipiter erythrauchen Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk
erythrauchen G.R. Gray, 1861 N Moluccas
ceramensis (Schlegel, 1862) vBuru, Seram (S Moluccas)
Accipiter cirrocephalus119 Collared Sparrowhawk
papuanus (Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1913) vWestern Papuan Is., lowland New Guinea, Yapen I., Aru Is.
rosselianus Mayr, 1940 vRossel (Louisiade Arch.)
cirrocephalus (Vieillot, 1817)120,121 δvAustralia, Tasmania
Accipiter brachyurus   (E.P. Ramsay, 1880) α New Britain Sparrowhawk
vNew Britain (Bismarck Arch.)
Accipiter rhodogaster Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk
rhodogaster (Schlegel, 1862) Sulawesi, Muna I., Buton I.
sulaensis (Schlegel, 1866) vBanggai Is., Sula Is.
Accipiter madagascariensis   J. Verreaux, 1833 α Madagascar Sparrowhawk
vMadagascar [Verreaux, 1833 #13620]
Accipiter ovampensis   J.H. Gurney Sr., 1875 Ovambo Sparrowhawk
vIvory Coast to Ethiopia, E Africa and Angola to N Namibia and NE South Africa
Accipiter nisus122 Eurasian Sparrowhawk
nisus (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe to SW Siberia, N Iran and SW Turkmenistan >> NE Africa and SW Asia
nisosimilis (Tickell, 1833) vC Asia to C and E Siberia, N Japan, NE China >> SW and S Asia, China, mainland SE Asia to N Thai-Malay Pen.
dementjevi Stepanyan, 1958123 Pamir-Alai to Tien Shan Mts.
melaschistos Hume, 1869 E Afghanistan, W Pakistan, Himalayan foothills (east from N Pakistan), SW China (east to W Sichuan), Myanmar
wolterstorffi O. Kleinschmidt, 1901 Corsica, Sardinia
punicus von Erlanger, 1897 vNW Africa
granti Sharpe, 1890 Madeira, Canary Is.
Accipiter rufiventris Rufous-breasted Sparrowhawk
perspicillaris (Rüppell, 1836) vEthiopia
rufiventris A. Smith, 1830124 vDR Congo and Kenya to South Africa
Accipiter collaris   P.L. Sclater, 1860 Semicollared Hawk
vAndean slopes of SW Venezuela (Mérida) locally to S Peru (Cuzco); Santa Marta Mts.
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk
1 perobscurus Snyder, 1938 vCoastal NW North America from SE Alaska to S British Columbia >> Washington to California
1 velox (A. Wilson, 1812) W and C Alaska and Canada, south in W USA to California, Arizona, and New Mexico, and in E USA to N Alabama >> south to Panama
1 suttoni van Rossem, 1939125 N and C Mexico (E Sonora and W Chihuahua south to Jalisco, Michoacán and W Veracruz)
1 madrensis R.W. Storer, 1952 vS Mexico (Sierra Madre del Sur in Guerrero and W Oaxaca)
1 fringilloides Vigors, 1827 Cuba
1 striatus Vieillot, 1808126 αvHispaniola
1 venator Wetmore, 1914 Puerto Rico
2 chionogaster (Kaup, 1852)127 Highlands of S Mexico (SE Oaxaca, Chiapas), S Guatemala, N El Salvador, Honduras and NW Nicaragua
3 ventralis P.L. Sclater, 1866128 vCoastal Range of Venezuela; highlands of SE Venezuela; Sierra de Perijá; Santa Marta Mts.; Andes from W Venezuela to WC Bolivia
4 erythronemius (Kaup, 1850) vE Brazil (Bahia) to SE Bolivia (Santa Cruz to Tarija), N Argentina (Córdoba, La Rioja) and Uruguay
Accipiter cooperii   (Bonaparte, 1828) Cooper's Hawk
iS Canada and USA to NW Mexico >> south to Guatemala
Accipiter gundlachi 129,130  Lawrence, 1861 Θ Gundlach's Hawk
Cuba
Accipiter bicolor131 Bicolored Hawk
fidens Bangs & Noble, 1918 S Mexico (S Tamaulipas, Veracruz and N Oaxaca)
bicolor (Vieillot, 1817) SE Mexico (Tabasco, N Chiapas, Yucatan Pen.) south to NW Peru, N Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil
pileatus (Temminck, 1823) vE Brazil (S Maranhão and Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
guttifer Hellmayr, 1917 SW Brazil (SW Mato Grosso), SE Bolivia, W Paraguay and NC Argentina (south to Santa Fé)
chilensis R.A. Philippi, Sr. & Landbeck, 1864132 vAndes of C Chile and WC Argentina south to Tierra del Fuego and Isla de los Estados
Accipiter melanoleucus Black Sparrowhawk
temminckii (Hartlaub, 1855) Senegal to W DR Congo and N Angola
melanoleucus A. Smith, 1830 vE Sudan, Ethiopia and E Africa to E and S South Africa
Accipiter henstii   (Schlegel, 1873) Henst's Goshawk
iW, N and E Madagascar
Accipiter gentilis133 Northern Goshawk
buteoides (Menzbier, 1882) NE Europe, NW and NC Siberia (east to R. Lena) >> C Europe to C Asia
albidus (Menzbier, 1882) vNE Siberia (R. Lena to Kamchatka)
schvedowi (Menzbier, 1882) S Ural Mts. to SE Siberia, N China, and W and C Himalayas (Himachal Pradesh to Bhutan) >> C and E Asia, and N continental SE Asia
fujiyamae (Swann & E. Hartert, 1923) Japan
gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758) vN and C Europe east to C and S Russia
marginatus (Piller & Mitterpacher, 1783)134 vItaly and Balkans to Caucasus and N Iran
arrigonii (O. Kleinschmidt, 1903) N Morocco, Iberia, Corsica, Sardinia
atricapillus (A. Wilson, 1812) W and C Alaska to Labrador and Newfoundland, south to C California, N Arizona, N New Mexico, S Manitoba, N Wisconsin and Maryland
laingi (Taverner, 1940) Coastal SE Alaska to Queen Charlotte Is., Alexander Arch., and Vancouver I. (off British Columbia)
apache van Rossem, 1938135 SW USA (Arizona, SW New Mexico) and W Mexico (south to Jalisco and Guerrero)
Accipiter meyerianus   (Sharpe, 1878) Meyer's Goshawk
vMoluccas, New Guinea, Yapen I., New Britain and S satellite islands; Bougainville (?), Vella Lavella, Kolombangara, Guadalcanal (Solomons)
Accipiter superciliosus136 Tiny Hawk
fontainieri Bonaparte, 1853137 δSE Nicaragua to W Colombia and W Ecuador
superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766) vN and E Colombia east to the Guianas, south to E Bolivia, Paraguay, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
ERYTHROTRIORCHIS Sharpe, 1875 M - Falco radiatus Latham, 1801; type by monotypy  138
Erythrotriorchis buergersi   (Reichenow, 1914) Chestnut-shouldered Goshawk
iMontane EC to SE New Guinea (E central cordillera)
Erythrotriorchis radiatus   (Latham, 1801) α Red Goshawk
vN and E Australia
MEGATRIORCHIS Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1876 M - Megatriorchis doriae Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1876; type by monotypy  
Megatriorchis doriae   Salvadori & D'Albertis, 1876 α Doria's Goshawk
iLowland to lower montane New Guinea
UROTRIORCHIS Sharpe, 1874 M - Astur macrourus Hartlaub, 1855; type by monotypy  139
Urotriorchis macrourus 140  (Hartlaub, 1855) Long-tailed Hawk
vLiberia to E DR Congo
HALIAEETUS Savigny, 1809 M - Haliaeetus nisus Savigny, 1809; type by monotypy = Falco albicilla Linnaeus, 1758  
Haliaeetus leucogaster 141  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) White-bellied Sea Eagle
iIndia, Sri Lanka, S China, SE Asia, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., coastal and subcoastal Australia and Tasmania
Haliaeetus sanfordi   Mayr, 1935 Sanford's Sea Eagle
iSolomons (all larger islands)
Haliaeetus vocifer 142  (Daudin, 1800) African Fish Eagle
iSenegal to Ethiopia and South Africa
Haliaeetus vociferoides   Des Murs, 1845 Madagascar Fish Eagle
iW Madagascar
Haliaeetus leucoryphus   (Pallas, 1771) Pallas's Fish Eagle
vC Asia to S Siberia, Pakistan, N India and NW continental SE Asia
Haliaeetus albicilla143 White-tailed Sea Eagle
albicilla (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe, N Asia, N Japan >> north S Asia, China, N Myanmar
groenlandicus C.L. Brehm, 1831 vSW Greenland
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle
washingtoniensis (Audubon, 1827)144 vAleutian Is., C Alaska east to Labrador and south to Oregon, Utah, C Kansas, Illinois and Nova Scotia
leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) vS USA (California and Arizona east to Virginia and Florida) and NW Mexico (Baja California, Sonora)
Haliaeetus pelagicus 145  (Pallas, 1811) Steller's Sea Eagle
vNE Asia >> NE China and Japan
ICTHYOPHAGA Lesson, 1843 F - Icthyophaga javana Lesson, 1843; type by monotypy = Falco ichthyaetus Horsfield, 1821  146
Icthyophaga humilis Lesser Fish Eagle
plumbea (Jerdon, 1871) vHimalayas (west to Himachal Pradesh), NE India, continental SE Asia (except SW), Hainan
humilis (S. Müller & Schlegel, 1841) vExtreme SW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, S Moluccas (Buru)
Icthyophaga ichthyaetus   (Horsfield, 1821) Grey-headed Fish Eagle
iS Asia, mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi
HALIASTUR Selby, 1840 M - Falco pondicerianus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by original designation = Falco indus Boddaert, 1783  
Haliastur sphenurus   (Vieillot, 1818) Whistling Kite
vLowland E New Guinea, Australia (less frequent in south), New Caledonia
Haliastur indus Brahminy Kite
indus (Boddaert, 1783) vS Asia, S China and continental SE Asia
intermedius Blyth, 1865 vThai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas (east to Tanimbar Is.)
girrenera (Vieillot, 1822) Moluccas, New Guinea and satellite islands, Bismarck Arch. (except Feni Is.), N and subtropical E Australia
flavirostris Condon & Amadon, 1954 vFeni Is. (Hibernian Is.), Green Is., Solomons
MILVUS Lacépède, 1799 M - Falco milvus Linnaeus, 1758; type by tautonymy  
Milvus milvus Red Kite
milvus (Linnaeus, 1758) NW Africa, Europe to Turkey and N Iran
fasciicauda E. Hartert, 1914147 Cape Verde Is.
Milvus migrans Black Kite
migrans (Boddaert, 1783)148 Madeira, Cape Verde Is., N Africa, S and C Europe, and SW Asia to W Pakistan >> Africa
lineatus (J.E. Gray, 1831)149 vSiberia (east from Ural Mts.) and Japan, south to Himalayas (Kashmir to Sikkim) >> S and mainland SE Asia, rarely Sumatra and Borneo
govinda Sykes, 1832 S Asia, S China (Yunnan), continental SE Asia
formosanus N. Kuroda, Sr., 1920150 vHainan, Taiwan
affinis Gould, 1838 vSulawesi, S Moluccas (Buru), W and C Lesser Sundas (east to Timor), lowland New Guinea, N and inland Australia
aegyptius (J.F. Gmelin, 1788)151 vEgypt and Red Sea >> Kenya
parasitus (Daudin, 1800) Senegal to Ethiopia south to South Africa
BUSARELLUS Lesson, 1843 M - Circus busarellus Vieillot; type by original designation and tautonymy = Falco nigricollis Latham, 1790  
Busarellus nigricollis Black-collared Hawk
nigricollis (Latham, 1790) vC Mexico south through Central and South America (east of the Andes) to NE Bolivia and S Brazil
leucocephalus (Vieillot, 1816) vE Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Uruguay and N Argentina (south to Salta, Santa Fé and Corrientes)
GERANOSPIZA Kaup, 1847 F - Falco gracilis Temminck, 1821; type by original designation  152
Geranospiza caerulescens Crane Hawk
1 livens Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1921 NW Mexico (S Sonora and N Sinaloa)
1 nigra (Du Bus, 1847) vN Mexico (S Sinaloa and S Tamaulipas) to C Panama
1 balzarensis W.L. Sclater, 1918 vE Panama to W Colombia, W Ecuador and NW Peru (Lambayeque)
2 caerulescens (Vieillot, 1817) N and E Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas south through Amazonian Brazil to E Ecuador and E Peru
3 gracilis (Temminck, 1821) vNE Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará to C Goiás and Bahia)
3 flexipes J.L. Peters, 1935 S Brazil and E Bolivia south to C Argentina and Uruguay
BUTASTUR Hodgson, 1843 M - Circus teesa Franklin, 1831; type by original designation  153
Butastur rufipennis   (Sundevall, 1850) α Grasshopper Buzzard
vSenegal to Somalia >> N DR Congo and E Africa
Butastur teesa   (Franklin, 1831) White-eyed Buzzard
iSE Iran, S Asia, W and S Myanmar
Butastur liventer   (Temminck, 1827) Rufous-winged Buzzard
i(a) SW Yunnan, N and E continental SE Asia >> N Thai-Malay Pen. (rarely); (b) Java, Sulawesi
Butastur indicus   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Grey-faced Buzzard
vRussian Far East, Japan, Korea, NE China >> S China, SE Asia
ICTINIA Vieillot, 1816 F - Milan-Cresserelle Vieillot; type by monotypy = Falco plumbeus J.F. Gmelin, 1788  
Ictinia mississippiensis   (A. Wilson, 1811) Mississippi Kite
vS USA (Arizona to South Carolina and N Florida) >> S Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina
Ictinia plumbea 154  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Plumbeous Kite
vNE Mexico (Tamaulipas) south to NW Peru, SE Brazil and N Argentina
ROSTRHAMUS Lesson, 1830 M - Rostrhamus niger Lesson, 1830; type by monotypy = Herpetotheres sociabilis Vieillot, 1817  
Rostrhamus sociabilis Snail Kite
plumbeus Ridgway, 1874155 vSE USA (Florida Everglades); Cuba, Isla de la Juventud
major Nelson & Goldman, 1933 vE Mexico (C Veracruz and W Oaxaca to Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala, Belize and NW Honduras
sociabilis (Vieillot, 1817) vNicaragua to SW Ecuador, Uruguay and EC Argentina
HELICOLESTES Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1918 M - Falco hamatus Illiger; type by original designation = Falco hamatus Temminck, 1821  156
Helicolestes hamatus   (Temminck, 1821) Slender-billed Kite
vE Panama, N Colombia, N and E Venezuela, coastal Surinam and French Guiana; N and W Amazonian Brazil, E Peru and N Bolivia
RUPORNIS Kaup, 1844 M - Falco magnirostris J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by monotypy  157
Rupornis magnirostris Roadside Hawk
griseocauda (Ridgway, 1874) αC Mexico (Jalisco, E Nuevo León and S Tamaulipas) to NW Costa Rica and W Panama (Bocas del Toro)
conspectus J.L. Peters, 1913 vSE Mexico (Tabasco and Yucatan Pen.), N Belize
gracilis Ridgway, 1885 vIsla de Cozumel and Isla Holbox (off Yucatan Pen.)
sinushonduri (J. Bond, 1936) Isla de Roatán and Isla de Guanaja (off N Honduras)
petulans (van Rossem, 1935) SW Costa Rica and Pacific slope of Panama; Isla de Coiba; Caribbean slope of C Panama
alius J.L. Peters & Griscom, 1929 vIsla del Rey, Isla Pedro González, Isla San José, Isla Caña (Arch. de las Perlas off S Panama)
magnirostris (J.F. Gmelin, 1788)158 vExtreme E Panama and Colombia east to the Guianas, south to N Peru and Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon only east of R. Madeira)
occiduus Bangs, 1911 vE Peru, SW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon and west of R. Madeira) and N Bolivia (Pando)
saturatus (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1876) vBolivia (except Pando), SW Brazil, Paraguay and NC Argentina
nattereri (P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869) NE Brazil (Maranhão to Rio Grande do Norte, south to Bahia)
magniplumis (W. Bertoni, 1901) vS Brazil, SE Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
pucherani (J. & E. Verreaux, 1855) NE Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires) and Uruguay
PARABUTEO Ridgway, 1874 M - Buteo harrisi Audubon, 1837; type by original designation  
Parabuteo unicinctus Harris's Hawk
harrisi (Audubon, 1837)159 S USA (S Arizona, S Texas) to NW Costa Rica; WC Colombia (Cauca valley); W Ecuador and W Peru
unicinctus (Temminck, 1824) vN Colombia and N Venezuela; E Brazil, E Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and N Argentina; C Chile
Parabuteo leucorrhous 160  (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) White-rumped Hawk
vCoastal Range of Venezuela; Sierra de Perijá; Santa Marta Mts.; locally in Andes from Venezuela to NW Argentina; E Paraguay, NE Argentina and S Brazil
CRYPTOLEUCOPTERYX Raposo do Amaral et al., 2009 F - Leucopternis plumbea Salvin, 1872; type by original designation  161
Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea   (Salvin, 1872) Plumbeous Hawk
vE Panama to W Ecuador (N Los Ríos)
BUTEOGALLUS Lesson, 1830 M - Buteogallus cathartoides Lesson, 1830; type by monotypy = Falco aequinoctialis J.F. Gmelin, 1788  162
Buteogallus schistaceus   (Sundevall, 1850) α Slate-colored Hawk
vSW Venezuela and SE Colombia to E Ecuador, E Peru, N and E Bolivia, east to French Guiana and NC Brazil
Buteogallus anthracinus Common Black Hawk
anthracinus (Deppe, 1830) vSW USA (SW Utah, W New Mexico, extreme SW Texas) south to N Colombia and east along coast of N Venezuela to NW Guyana; Trinidad; St. Vincent
utilensis Twomey, 1956 vIsla de Utila and Isla de Guanaja (off N Honduras)
rhizophorae Monroe, 1963163 Pacific coast of S Mexico (Chiapas) to Nicaragua
bangsi (Swann, 1922) Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama; Arch. de las Perlas
subtilis (Thayer & Bangs, 1905)164 vPacific coast of Colombia, SW Ecuador (E Guayas to El Oro) and NW Peru (Tumbes)
Buteogallus gundlachii 165  (Cabanis, 1855) Cuban Black Hawk
Cuba and Isla de la Juventud
Buteogallus aequinoctialis   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Rufous Crab Hawk
vCoasts from NE Venezuela (SE Sucre) to SE Brazil (Paraná)
Buteogallus meridionalis 166  (Latham, 1790) Savanna Hawk
vPacific slope of Panama to NW Peru; N and E Colombia to the Guianas and south to N Argentina and Uruguay
Buteogallus lacernulatus 167  (Temminck, 1827) White-necked Hawk
vE Brazil (Alagoas; SE Bahia and NE Minas Gerais to Santa Catarina)
Buteogallus urubitinga Great Black Hawk
ridgwayi (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1884) N Mexico (S Sonora and S Tamaulipas) to Panama
urubitinga (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) NE Panama (E Comarca Guna Yala) and South America south to NW Peru (Piura), N Argentina and Uruguay
Buteogallus solitarius168 Montane Solitary Eagle
sheffleri (van Rossem, 1948)169 Locally in highlands of W Mexico (Sonora) to Panama
solitarius (von Tschudi, 1844) vCoastal Range of Venezuela; Sierra de Perijá; Santa Marta Mts.; Andes from S Colombia to NW Argentina
Buteogallus coronatus 170  (Vieillot, 1817) Crowned Solitary Eagle
vS Brazil, E Bolivia and Paraguay to C Argentina (La Pampa)
MORPHNARCHUS Ridgway, 1920 M - Leucopternis princeps P.L. Sclater, 1865; type by original designation and monotypy  171
Morphnarchus princeps 172  (P.L. Sclater, 1865) Barred Hawk
Costa Rica and Panama; W Andes from C Colombia to S Ecuador; E Andes from C Colombia to S Ecuador
GERANOAETUS Kaup, 1844 M - Falco aguia Temminck, 1824; type by monotypy = Spizaetus melanoleucus Vieillot, 1819  173
Geranoaetus albicaudatus174 White-tailed Hawk
hypospodius (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1876) vSC USA (S Texas) and N Mexico locally to C Panama; N and C Colombia and NW Venezuela
colonus (von Berlepsch, 1892) E Colombia east to Surinam, south to N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east of R. Branco); Netherlands Antilles and Trinidad
albicaudatus (Vieillot, 1816) vSE Peru, N and E Bolivia, S and E Brazil south to Uruguay and EC Argentina (R. Negro)
Geranoaetus polyosoma Variable Hawk
1 polyosoma (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) Andes of C Colombia to Tierra del Fuego and into lowlands of SW Ecuador, W Peru and S Argentina; Falkland Is.175
2 poecilochrous (J.H. Gurney Sr., 1879)176 vPáramo and puna of Andes of SW Colombia and Ecuador
2 fjeldsai (J. Cabot & de Vries, 2009) Puna of Andes from N Peru to NW Argentina and N Chile [Cabot, 2009 #11954]
3 exsul (Salvin, 1875)177 Isla Alejandro Selkirk (Juan Fernández Arch., off Chile)
Geranoaetus melanoleucus Black-chested Buzzard Eagle
australis Swann, 1922 vAndes of W Venezuela to Tierra del Fuego; also lowlands of W Peru and S Argentina
melanoleucus (Vieillot, 1819) vE Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and NE Argentina (south to Córdoba and Entre Ríos)
PSEUDASTUR G.R. Gray, 1849 M - Falco poecilonotus Cuvier; type by original designation = Falco albicollis Latham, 1790  178
Pseudastur albicollis179 White Hawk
1 ghiesbreghti (Du Bus, 1845) Caribbean slope from S Mexico to NW Honduras; Pacific slope from S Mexico to W El Salvador
1 costaricensis (W.L. Sclater, 1919)180 vN Honduras and E Nicaragua to W Colombia (Chocó, W Valle)
1 williaminae (Meyer de Schauensee, 1950) N Colombia (Córdoba) to NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá)
2 albicollis (Latham, 1790) vCoastal Range of Venezuela; Trinidad; the Guianas and Amazonia
Pseudastur occidentalis   (Salvin, 1876) Gray-backed Hawk
vW Ecuador (S Esmeraldas to Loja) and NW Peru (Tumbes)
Pseudastur polionotus   (Kaup, 1847) Mantled Hawk
vE Brazil (Alagoas and E Bahia to N Rio Grande do Sul) and E Paraguay
LEUCOPTERNIS Kaup, 1847 M - Falco melanops Temminck; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 3). = Falco melanops Latham, 1790  181
Leucopternis semiplumbeus   Lawrence, 1861 Semiplumbeous Hawk
vE Honduras to W Colombia and NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
Leucopternis melanops 182  (Latham, 1790) Black-faced Hawk
iE Ecuador, S Colombia, S Venezuela and the Guianas south to NE Peru and N Brazil
Leucopternis kuhli   Bonaparte, 1850 White-browed Hawk
iE Peru, N Bolivia and Brazil (south of R. Amazon east to NE Pará)
BUTEO Lacépède, 1799 M - Falco buteo Linnaeus, 1758; type by tautonymy  
Buteo plagiatus 183  (Schlegel, 1862) Gray Hawk
vS USA (S Arizona and SE Texas) to NW Costa Rica (Golfo de Nicoya)
Buteo nitidus Gray-lined Hawk
blakei Hellmayr & Conover, 1949184 SW Costa Rica (Térraba valley) to NW Peru (N Tumbes)
nitidus (Latham, 1790) vE Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, NE Peru and Amazonian Brazil
pallidus (Todd, 1915) vSC Brazil and E Bolivia south to Paraguay and NC Argentina
Buteo ridgwayi   (Cory, 1883) Ridgway's Hawk
iDominican Republic
Buteo lineatus185,186 Red-shouldered Hawk
1 elegans Cassin, 1855 αW USA (W Oregon and California) and NW Mexico (N Baja California)
2 lineatus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vSE Canada (SE Ontario, S Québec, S New Brunswick) to EC USA (Missouri to North Carolina)187
2 alleni Ridgway, 1885 SE USA (E Texas to South Carolina and N Florida)
2 extimus Bangs, 1920 vSE USA (S Florida and Florida Keys)
2 texanus Bishop, 1912 vS USA (S Texas) and extreme NE Mexico (N Tamaulipas)
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk
platypterus (Vieillot, 1823) vC and SE Canada, E USA >> S Mexico to W Brazil, N and E Peru and N Bolivia
cubanensis Burns, F.L., 1911 vCuba
brunnescens S.T. Danforth & Smyth, 1935 Puerto Rico
insulicola Riley, 1908 Antigua (Lesser Antilles)
rivierei Verrill, 1905 Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)
antillarum A.H. Clark, 1905 St. Vincent, the Grenadines, Grenada (S Lesser Antilles) and Tobago
Buteo solitarius   Peale, 1848 Hawaiian Hawk
vHawaii (Hawaiian Is.)
Buteo albigula   R.A. Philippi, Sr., 1899 White-throated Hawk
iC Chile and WC Argentina >> Andes from C Colombia to NW Argentina
Buteo brachyurus Short-tailed Hawk
fuliginosus P.L. Sclater, 1858 vS USA (Florida Pen.); N Mexico to Panama
brachyurus Vieillot, 1816 vColombia east to Trinidad, the Guianas and NE Brazil, south to NW Peru, N Argentina and SE Brazil
Buteo swainsoni   Bonaparte, 1838 Swainson's Hawk
iSW Canada, W USA, N Mexico >> South America
Buteo galapagoensis   (Gould, 1837) Galapagos Hawk
vGalapagos Is.
Buteo albonotatus   Kaup, 1847 Zone-tailed Hawk
vSW USA (N Arizona to SW Texas) and N Mexico locally south to NW Peru, Paraguay and SE Brazil; absent from Amazonia
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
1 harlani (Audubon, 1830)188 WC Alaska, SW Yukon and N British Columbia >> SC USA
2 alascensis G.B. Grinnell, 1909 vCoastal SE Alaska and NW Canada (coastal British Columbia, Queen Charlotte Is. and Vancouver I.)
2 calurus Cassin, 1855 αvW North America (E Alaska east to NW Manitoba, south to California and NW Texas) >> Mexico and Central America
2 borealis (J.F. Gmelin, 1788)189 vE North America (Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to E Texas and N Florida) >> south to S Mexico
2 socorroensis Nelson, 1898 vIsla Socorro (off W Mexico)
2 suttoni Dickerman, 1993 NW Mexico (Sierra de San Lázaro in S Baja California) [Dickerman, 1993 #1346]
2 fuertesi Sutton & Van Tyne, 1935 S USA (SE Arizona to C Texas) to NC Mexico (Durango to W Tamaulipas)
2 fumosus Nelson, 1898190 vIslas Marías (off WC Mexico)
2 hadropus R.W. Storer, 1962 Highlands of C Mexico (S Durango and San Luis Potosí to Oaxaca)
2 kemsiesi Oberholser, 1959 S Mexico (Chiapas) to N Nicaragua
2 costaricensis Ridgway, 1874 vHighlands of Costa Rica and W Panama
2 umbrinus Bangs, 1901 vSE USA (Florida Pen.)
2 solitudinis Barbour, 1935 Bahamas, Cuba and Isla de la Juventud
2 jamaicensis (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vJamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., St. Kitts and Nevis
Buteo ventralis   Gould, 1837 Rufous-tailed Hawk
vS Chile (Bíobío to Magallanes) and SW Argentina (W Neuquén to SW Santa Cruz)
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard/Rough-legged Hawk
lagopus (Pontoppidan, 1763) N Europe, NW Siberia >> south to C and E Europe, SW Asia
menzbieri Dementiev, 1951 NC and NE Siberia >> south to SE Europe, C and E Asia
kamtschatkensis Dementiev, 1931191 δvShores of Sea of Okhotsk to Kamchatka, N Kuril Is.
sanctijohannis (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) W and N Alaska and N Canada >> S Canada and USA (except SE)
Buteo regalis   (G.R. Gray, 1844) Ferruginous Hawk
vSC Canada and WC USA >> SW USA and N Mexico
Buteo auguralis   Salvadori, 1865 Red-necked Buzzard
vSierra Leone to Ethiopia, W Uganda and Angola
Buteo augur 192  (Rüppell, 1836) Augur Buzzard
E Sudan, N Somalia and Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, C Namibia and W Angola
Buteo rufofuscus   (J.R. Forster, 1798) Jackal Buzzard
vC and S Namibia, South Africa
Buteo buteo193,194 Eurasian Buzzard
insularum Floericke, 1903 Canary Is. and Azores
harterti Swann, 1919 Madeira
pojana (Savi, 1831)195 αCorsica, Sardinia, Sicily, C and S Italy
buteo (Linnaeus, 1758) Europe (except SC) east to S Finland, Romania and W Turkey
vulpinus (Gloger, 1833) vN and E Europe to C Asia >> E and S Africa, S Asia, W mainland SE Asia to Thai-Malay Pen.
menetriesi Bogdanov, 1879 Crimea, C and E Turkey and Caucasus to N Iran
Buteo japonicus196 Japanese Buzzard
japonicus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844197 αvNE Asia east to Japan (except Ogasawara Is.) >> N India and northern SE Asia
toyoshimai Momiyama, 1927 Ogasawara Is. (Japan)
oshiroi N. Kuroda, Jr., 1971 Daito Is. (Japan)
Buteo refectus 198,199,200  Portenko, 1935 α Himalayan Buzzard
vHimalayas and E Tibetan Plateau
Buteo oreophilus   E. Hartert & Neumann, 1914 Mountain Buzzard
vEthiopia and South Sudan to N Malawi
Buteo trizonatus 201  Rudebeck, 1957 Forest Buzzard
vE and S South Africa
Buteo brachypterus   Hartlaub, 1860 Madagascar Buzzard
vMadagascar
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard
rufinus (Cretzschmar, 1829) αvC Europe to C Asia, south to Pakistan and Kashmir >> N tropical Africa and S Asia
cirtensis (J.J.R. Levaillant, 1850) vN Africa
bannermani Swann, 1919202 Cape Verde Is.
socotraensis Porter & Kirwan, 2010203 vSocotra [Porter, 2010 #12363]
Buteo hemilasius   Temminck & Schlegel, 1844 Upland Buzzard
vC Asia to SE Siberia, south to Ladakh and Xizang
BERMUTEO Olson, 2008 N -
†? Bermuteo avivorus   Olson, 2008 Bermuda Hawk
Bermuda

1 Subfamily and tribe composition and sequence derived from Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944], Lerner et al. (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481], and Griffiths et al. (2007) [Griffiths, 2007 #9882]. Sequence of genera derived from Griffiths et al. (2007) [Griffiths, 2007 #9882], Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608], Lerner & Mindell (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481],
2 Forms a superspecies with E. axillaris and E. leucurus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
3 Included in nominate caeruleus by Mees (1982) [Mees, 1982 #2626].
4 Includes sumatranus and wahgiensis; see Mees (1982) [Mees, 1982 #2626], who also treated hypoleucus as a separate species.
5 Replaces the name E. notatus used by Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; see Schodde & Mason (1980) [Schodde, 1980 #3509].
6 For continued treatment as a separate species from E. caeruleus see Clark & Banks (1992) [Clark, 1992 #978].
7 Placement in this subfamily tentative; based on traditional perception of relationship to Elanus.
8 For change in authorship and date see Dickinson (2012) [Dickinson, 2012 #13798].
9 Not considered diagnosable by Ferguson-Lees & Christie (2001) [Ferguson-Lees, 2001 #14019].
10 For recognition as species see Teixeira et al. (1987) [Teixeira, 1987 #3813], Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300], Pereira et al. (2006) [Pereira, 2006 #13751] and Dénes et al. (2011) [Dénes, 2011 #12777].
11 Includes aquilonis; see Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300].
12 May merit treatment as a separate species (Johnson et al. 2007) [Johnson, 2007 #9911].
13 Species sequence follows Gamauf & Haring (2004) [Gamauf, 2004 #1649].
14 Forms a superspecies with P. ptilorhynchus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
15 Correct original spelling. Only substantiated in Dickinson (2012) [Dickinson, 2012 #13798].
16 For treatment as a separate species from P. celebensis see Gamauf & Haring (2004) [Gamauf, 2004 #1649].
17 Placement tentative; not closely related to Pernis; see Gamauf & Haring (2005) [Gamauf, 2005 #9865].
18 Includes minimus and fraterculus; see Debus (1994) [Debus, 1994 #1155]. Forms a superspecies with H. infuscatus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
19 Dual authorship reflects first publication in caption to plate 10 of Voyage de la Coquille and opinion of Zimmer (1926) [Zimmer, 1926 #4296].
20 Placed in the subfamily Perninae by Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944]; sampled and confirmed by Griffiths et al. (2007) [Griffiths, 2007 #9882].
21 Includes emini; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
22 Correct original spelling. Spelling verreauxi in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
23 Considered to form a superspecies with A. cuculoides by Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
24 Includes robusta and proxima; see Debus (1994) [Debus, 1994 #1155].
25 Includes njikena; see Marchant & Higgins (1993) [Marchant, 1993 #2487].
26 Includes syama, wolfei and andamanica; see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
27 Placement in Perninae based on Kocum (2008) [Kocum, 2008 #12069].
28 Forms a superspecies with P. typus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
29 For recognition see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
30 Correct original spelling. Spelling haemachalanus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
31 For correction of incorrect original spelling see Opinion 411 (I.C.Z.N., 1956) [I.C.Z.N., 1956 #9630].
32 Claims of sympatry are usually limited to forms in the Nicobars and in Borneo (where the taxa are probably only syntopic). Study of whole complex badly needed, especially to establish whether postulated broader sympatry of two species of markedly differing dimensions (see Stepanyan 1992, 1993) [Stepanyan, 1992 #3722], [Stepanyan, 1993 #3723] is supported.
33 Includes tonkinensis Stepanyan, 1992 [Stepanyan, 1992 #3722]; see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
34 For treatment as a subspecies of S. cheela see Clark (1994) [Clark, 1994 #979].
35 For treatment as a separate subspecies from pallidus see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] and Clark (1994) [Clark, 1994 #979].
36 Includes panayensis; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361]. For treatment as a subspecies of S. cheela see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
37 For treatment as separate species from S. cheela see Clark (1994) [Clark, 1994 #979].
38 For treatment as a separate species from S. cheela see Amadon (1974) [Amadon, 1974 #81].
39 Includes heptneri; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
40 Considered to form a superspecies with C. beaudouini and C. pectoralis by Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
41 For treatment as a separate species from C. pectoralis see Clark (1999) [Clark, 1999 #982].
42 For attribution to Kaup see Clancey (1990) [Clancey, 1990 #950].
43 This genus and Trigonoceps both formerly subsumed in Aegypius, but see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
44 For recognition see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725], but see also White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
45 Species sequence follows Arshad et al. (2009) [Arshad, 2009 #11851].
46 Forms a superspecies with G. africanus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
47 Previously called nudiceps but see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. For treatment as a separate species from G. indicus see Rasmussen & Parry (2001) [Rasmussen, 2001 #3224] and Rasmussen et al. (2001) [Rasmussen, 2001 #3223].
48 Dual original spellings: ruppellii and rüppelli; because we have traced no selection by a previous First Reviser, we here select rueppelli as the correct original spelling.
49 Previously treated in Aegypius but see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
50 Spelling and date follow Bruins (1968) [Bruins, 1968 #558] and Rookmaaker (1986) [Rookmaaker, 1986 #7653].
51 Includes nubicus; see Piper in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
52 For correct spelling, see Deignan (1960) [Deignan, 1960 #1243] and Brooke & Clancey (1981) [Brooke, 1981 #511]. Amadon (p. 289fn) in Streseman & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] was in error because Deignan restored the name before 1961.
53 For placement with the harpy eagles see Griffiths et al. (2007) [Griffiths, 2007 #9882].
54 Genus name used follows Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; considered monotypic by Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944].
55 Formerly included in Spizaetus but see Helbig et al. (2005) [Helbig, 2005 #1941] and Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608]. Species sequence based on Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
56 Forms a superspecies with S. bartelsi; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. But see also Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
57 Treated as a separate species by Gjershaug et al. (2008) [Gjershaug, 2008 #11223].
58 Treated as a separate species by Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749] but see Gamauf et al. (2005) [Gamauf, 2005 #1650].
59 Gjershaug et al. (2004) [Gjershaug, 2004 #1711] suggested this might be treated as a separate species but see Gamauf et al. (2005) [Gamauf, 2005 #1650].
60 For treatment in monotypic genus see Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944] and Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
61 For determination of correct author see Dickinson (2005) [Dickinson, 2005 #1395].
62 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. Considered monotypic by Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944].
63 For restriction to Neotropical taxa and species sequence see Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
64 Formerly treated in monotypic genus Spizastur, but see Helbig et al. (2005) [Helbig, 2005 #1941], Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944], and Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
65 Formerly treated in monotypic genus Oroaetus, but see Helbig et al. (2005) [Helbig, 2005 #1941], Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944], and Haring et al. (2007) [Haring, 2007 #10608].
66 Correct original spelling; substantiated in Lebossé & Bour (2011) [Lebossé, 2011 #13238].
67 Recently published Aquiloides Wells & Inskipp, 2012 [Wells, 2012 #13710] is a junior synonym of Clanga. Wells & Inskipp explained why the broad genus Aquila when split, as it was by Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944], needed an appropriate generic name for these species.
68 Falco maculatus J.F. Gmelin, 1788, preoccupied by Falco maculatus Tunstall, 1771, but relevant to type identity.
69 For treatment as a separate species from C. pomarina see Parry et al. (2003) [Parry, 2002 #2952] and Väli (2006) [Väli, 2006 #9422].
70 For treatment as a separate species from A. rapax see Clark (1992) [Clark, 1992 #977] and Sangster et al. (2002) [Sangster, 2002 #3474].
71 Clark (2005) [Clark, 2005 #9411] considered this monotypic, but an abrupt change in size occurs between the subspecies; see Cramp (1980) [Cramp, 1980 #1084].
72 For treatment as a separate species from A. heliaca see Hiraldo et al. (1976) [Hiraldo, 1976 #1976] and Sangster et al. (2002) [Sangster, 2002 #3474].
73 For recognition see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721] and Watson (1997) [Watson, 1997 #14020].
74 An isolated population discovered in Ethiopia (Ash & Atkins, 2009) [Ash, 2009 #12726] has not been identified subspecifically and is included here provisionally.
75 Forms a superspecies with A. spilogaster; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. For placement of this species and A. spilogaster in Aquila, see Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944].
76 For support for monophyletic use of this name see Wells & Inskipp (2012) [Wells, 2012 #13710].
77 Includes harterti and milvoides; see Kemp (1994) [Kemp, 1994 #4397]. Includes minisculus Yosef et al., 2000 [Yosef, 2000 #4287]; see Appendix 2.2.
78 For treatment as a separate species from H. morphnoides see Bunce et al. (2005) [Bunce, 2005 #9780] and Gjershaug (2009) [Gjershaug, 2009 #11964].
79 Previously called H. dubius (e.g. in Stresemann & Amadon, 1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770], but Kemp (1994) [Kemp, 1994 #4397] confirmed that this name refers to H. pennatus.
80 See Lerner et al. (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481] for confirmation of treatment in monotypic genus.
81 Includes meridionalis; see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725].
82 Includes neumanni; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
83 For recognition see Allan in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
84 Name previously attributed to Rislachi, e.g. by Stresemann & Amadon, (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; better attributed to Thunberg not his student.
85 For treatment as an allospecies separate from M. canorus, see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
86 For recognition see Lerner et al. (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481].
87 Subspecies classification follows Clancey (1987) [Clancey, 1987 #935].
88 Includes defensorum; see Clancey (1987) [Clancey, 1987 #935].
89 May be embedded in Accipiter; see Griffiths et al. (2007) [Griffiths, 2007 #9882] and Lerner et al. (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481].
90 Forms a superspecies with C. spilonotus, C. approximans, C. ranivorus and C. maillardi; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; this also included what is now C. macrosceles.
91 Includes gouldi; see Debus (1994) [Debus, 1994 #1155].
92 Tasmanian birds migrate to Australia and perhaps S New Guinea. Introduced to Society Is. (Tahiti, Raiatea, Moorea, Tetiaroa, Bora-Bora).
93 For comments on date see Cheke (2011) [Cheke, 2011 #13705].
94 For treatment as a separate species from C. maillardi, see Simmons (2000) [Simmons, 2000 #14036].
95 Forms a superspecies with C. cinereus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
96 May merit treatment as a separate species see Wink & Sauer-Gürth (2000) [Wink, 2000 #4235] and Ferguson-Lees & Christie (2001) [Ferguson-Lees, 2001 #14019].
97 Forms a superspecies with A. griseiceps; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
98 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; but a perhaps undiagnosable; see Collar (2004) [Collar, 2004 #1017].
99 For changed authorship and date see van den Hoek Ostende, Dekker & Keijl (1997) [van den Hoek Ostende, 1997 #3915].
100 Treated as a separate species, including macroscelides and lopezi, by Prigogine (1980) [Prigogine, 1980 #3144], but see Louette & Borrow (2010) [Louette, 2010 #13566].
101 Includes croizati; see Ash & Atkins (2009) [Ash, 2009 #12726].
102 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
103 For monotypic treatment, includes beniensis; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
104 Forms a superspecies with A. butleri and A. brevipes; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
105 See Rasmussen (2000) [Rasmussen, 2000 #3219] on the sole Great Nicobar record.
106 For treatment as a separate species from A. novaehollandiae, see Schodde (1977) [Schodde, 1977 #13675] and Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602].
107 Forms a superspecies with A. princeps; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
108 For recognition see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
109 Recognition tentative; see White & Bruce (1986) [White, 1986 #4194].
110 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
111 Correct original spelling. Spelling schisacinus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
112 Forms a superspecies with A. melanochlamys, A. albogularis and A. haplochrous; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
113 Forms a superspecies with A. erythropus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
114 For recognition see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
115 Includes infrequens Clancey, 1982 [Clancey, 1982 #915]; see Allan in Hockey (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
116 Tentatively includes nisoides; see Mees (1981) [Mees, 1981 #2625].
117 Forms a superspecies with A. gularis; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
118 Correct original spelling. Spelling vanbemmelli in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
119 Considered to form a superspecies with A. erythrauchen and A. brachyurus, and perhaps A. rhodogaster; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
120 Includes quaesitandus; see Debus (1994) [Debus, 1994 #1155].
121 Correct original spelling. Spelling cirrhocephalus in Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] an ISS or an unjustified emendation.
122 Forms a superspecies with A. rufiventris; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
123 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
124 For suppression of Falco exilis Temminck, 1830, see Opinion 1028 (I.C.Z.N., 1974) [I.C.Z.N., 1974 #9649].
125 Not recognised by Hellmayr & Conover (1949) [Hellmayr, 1949 #10404] but see Storer (1952) [Storer, 1952 #14030].
126 Dated 1807 by Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770], but see Browning & Monroe (1991) [Browning, 1991 #542] and Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
127 Treated as a separate species by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300], but see Storer (1952) [Storer, 1952 #14030] and Ferguson-Lees & Christie (2001) [Ferguson-Lees, 2001 #14019].
128 This and erythronemius each treated as separate species by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300].
129 Correct original spelling. Spelling gundlachii in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
130 Subspecies wileyi Wotzkow, 1991 [Wotzkow, 1991 #4272] cannot be accepted without further substantiation; the original description is too vague.
131 Forms a superspecies with A. cooperii and A. gundlachi; see Brown & Amadon (1968) [Brown, 1968 #4582].
132 Treated as a separate species by Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300].
133 Forms a superspecies with A. meyerianus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
134 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
135 For continued recognition see Whaley & White (1994) [Whaley, 1994 #14032] and Hubbard (2008) [Hubbard, 2008 #14027].
136 See Olson (2006) [Olson, 2006 #9417] for proposed move from Accipiter to monotypic genus Hieraspiza. However, the type species for the latter is A. virgatus and thus the name is inapplicable unless both are included. Kocum (2008) [Kocum, 2008 #12069] also found that this species did not belong in Accipiter. The species is placed here pending circumscription of a new genus or discovery of an applicable generic synonym.
137 Original spelling. Internal evidence supports that spelling. Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] erred in using fontanieri.
138 For treatment of this and Megatriorchis as separate genera from Accipiter see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827]. Placement here in linear sequence uncertain.
139 Although traditionally thought close to Accipiter, see Olson (1987) [Olson, 1987 #14029].
140 If treated in the genus Accipiter, then this specific name is preoccupied. A substitute name, amadoni, was proposed by Wolters (1978) [Wolters, 1978 #14037], but see also Wolters (1980) [Wolters, 1980 #4264], who noted that the name batesi Swann, as listed by Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] has precedence.
141 Forms a superspecies with H. sanfordi; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; they are the sister group to the H. vocifer superspecies (Lerner & Mindell 2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944].
142 Forms a superspecies with H. vociferoides; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
143 Forms a superspecies with H. leucocephalus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
144 Replaces alascanus C.H. Townsend, 1897; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
145 Includes niger; see Kaiser (2011) [Kaiser, 2011 #12632].
146 Spelling selected by a First Reviser; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
147 Possibly a hybrid M. milvus x M. migrans, and perhaps now extinct; see Hille & Collar (2009) [Hille, 2009 #12014].
148 Includes tenebrosus; see Hazevoet (1995) [Hazevoet, 1995 #1923].
149 Includes tianshanicus; see Stepanyan (2003) [Stepanyan, 2003 #4769].
150 Doubtfully diagnosable; see Collar (2004) [Collar, 2004 #1017].
151 Includes arabicus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. Treated, with parasitus, as a separate species by Johnson et al. (2005) [Johnson, 2005 #9912].
152 The three subspecies groups were formerly treated as separate species but see Amadon (1982) [Amadon, 1982 #14022].
153 The four Butastur species are considered to form a superspecies by Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
154 Forms a superspecies with I. mississippiensis; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
155 Includes levis; see Amadon (1975) [Amadon, 1975 #13868].
156 Included in Rostrhamus by Amadon (1964) [Amadon, 1964 #79], Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770], and Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
157 For resurrection of this genus see Riesing et al. (2003) [Riesing, 2003 #3283] and Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
158 Ferguson-Lees & Christie (2001) [Ferguson-Lees, 2001 #14019] and Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477] recognised the subspecies insidiatrix and ecuadoriensis, but Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770] and Bierregaard (1994) [Bierregaard, 1994 #300] treated them as synonyms of nominate magnirostris.
159 Includes superior; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
160 Riesing et al. (2003) [Riesing, 2003 #3283], Raposo do Amaral et al. (2006) [Raposo do Amaral, 2006 #10034], and Lerner et al. (2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481] proposed resurrecting Percnohierax for this species, but see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
161 For rationale for naming this monotypic genus see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2006, 2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2006 #10034] [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
162 Includes Harpyhaliaetus, Heterospizias, and Urubitinga, based on results of Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
163 For continued recognition of this and bangsi see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
164 Formerly treated (with rhizoporae and bangsi) as a separate species, but see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326], Clark (2007) [Clark, 2007 #9438] and Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
165 For treatment as a separate species from B. anthracinus see Wiley & Garrido (2005) [Wiley, 2005 #10116]; thus treated here as allospecies.
166 Formerly placed in monotypic genus Heterospizias but see Amadon (1982) [Amadon, 1982 #14022] and Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
167 Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994] proposed a new monotypic genus Amadonastur for this species. See Appendix 2.2.
168 This and B. coronatus formerly placed in genus Harpyhaliaetus, but see Lerner & Mindell (2005) [Lerner, 2005 #9944]. Formerly considered conspecific (Hellmayr & Conover 1949) [Hellmayr, 1949 #10404].
169 For recognition see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
170 Forms a superspecies with B. solitarius; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
171 For recognition of monotypic genus see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
172 Includes zimmeri; see Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
173 For use of this name over Tachytriorchis Kaup, 1844, see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2010) [Raposo do Amaral, 2010 #12723].
174 Diagnosability of subspecies questioned by Voous (1968) [Voous, 1968 #8442], but see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
175 Introduced (ssp exsul) to Isla Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernández Arch., off Chile).
176 Formerly considered a separate species but see Farquhar (1998) [Farquhar, 1998 #1542], Riesing et al. (2003) [Riesing, 2003 #3283]; but see also Cabot & De Vries (2003, 2004, 2010) [Cabot, 2003 #644], [Cabot, 2004 #645], [Cabot, 2010 #14023]. If Farquhar (1998) [Farquhar, 1998 #1542] is correct, poecilochrous is not even a valid subspecies.
177 Treated as a separate species by Ferguson-Lees & Christie (2001) [Ferguson-Lees, 2001 #14019].
178 For resurrection of this genus see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
179 Forms a superspecies with P. occidentalis and P. polionotus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]. Probably paraphyletic with respect to both these species (Lerner et al. 2008) [Lerner, 2008 #12481] and Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
180 Bahr (2010) [Bahr, 2010 #12617], noting this name was preoccupied in Buteo, offered the name delhoyoi as a new name, which is not now needed.
181 For restriction of Leucopternis to just the three species below, see Raposo do Amaral et al. (2009) [Raposo do Amaral, 2009 #11994].
182 Forms a superspecies with L. kuhli; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
183 For treatment as a separate species from B. nitidus, see Millsap et al. (2011) [Millsap, 2011 #12790]; thus treated here as allospecies. Together, they were placed in monotypic genus Asturina, but see Riesing et al. (2003) [Riesing, 2003 #3283] and Banks et al. (2006) [Banks, 2006 #5803].
184 The name costaricensis Swann, 1922, is preoccupied in Buteo by costaricensis Ridgway, 1874; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
185 Subspecies groups based on Hull et al. (2008) [Hull, 2008 #11722].
186 Considered to form a superspecies with B. ridgwayi by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
187 Subspecies identification of populations wintering in E Mexico uncertain but possibly this subspecies, northern populations of which are migratory.
188 Formerly treated as a separate species but treated as subspecies of B. jamaicensis based on Mindell (1983) [Mindell, 1983 #14028] and Hull et al. (2010) [Hull, 2010 #12527]; but see also Clark (2009) [Clark, 2009 #14026].
189 Includes kriderii, a color morph; see Taverner (1936) [Taverner, 1936 #14031] and Preston & Beane (1993) [Preston, 1993 #3128].
190 For continued recognition see Grant (1965) [Grant, 1965 #13993].
191 Correct original spelling. Spelling kamchatkensis in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
192 Includes archeri; see Clark (1996) [Clark, 1996 #980]; archeri was treated as a separate species by Thiollay (1994) [Thiollay, 1994 #3827].
193 Subspecies classification follows Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770].
194 Forms a superspecies with B. oreophilus and B. brachypterus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770]; due to splits this superspecies must include B. japonicus and B. refectus.
195 For correct date, see Sherborn (1929) [Sherborn, 1929 #12414]; recently verified by Carlo Violani.
196 For treatment as a separate species from B. buteo, see Kruckenhauser et al. (2004) [Kruckenhauser, 2004 #2285], but note that two distinct lineages are included; thus, this arrangement is provisional.
197 Includes burmanicus; see Stresemann & Amadon (1979) [Stresemann, 1979 #3770], a migrant to Burma, that name being inapplicable to Himalayan residents contra Penhallurick & Dickinson (2008) [Penhallurick, 2008 #10692]; see Dickinson & Svensson (2012) [Dickinson, 2012 #14021].
198 Carefully discussed by James (1988) [James, 1988 #13792]. Treated as a separate species by Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749] under the name burmanicus but that name is inapplicable; see Dickinson & Svensson (2012) [Dickinson, 2012 #14021].
199 Date 1929 used by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] applies to the original name saturatus, for which refectus is a replacement name.
200 A preoccupied old synonym Circus plumipes, almost certainly relating to one of the three forms of refectus, has recently been renamed Buteo (buteo) hodgsoni Dickinson & Svensson, 2012 [Dickinson, 2012 #14021].
201 For treatment as a separate species from B. oreophilus see Hustler & Dean in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
202 For treatment here rather than as subspecies of B. buteo see Kruckenhauser et al. (2004) [Kruckenhauser, 2004 #2285].
203 Treatment as a subspecies of B. rufinus follows Kruckenhauser et al. (2004) [Kruckenhauser, 2004 #2285]. For treatment as a separate species, see Porter & Kirwan (2010) [Porter, 2010 #12363].
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