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CASUARIIDAE - Cassowaries and Emus1 (2:6)
CASUARIINAE
CASUARIUS Brisson, 1760 M - Casuarius Brisson; type by tautonymy = Struthio casuarius Linnaeus, 1758  
Casuarius bennetti2 Dwarf Cassowary
papuanus Schlegel, 18713 vMontane NW New Guinea (Vogelkop)
bennetti Gould, 18574 αMontane New Guinea (east of Cenderawasih Bay), Yapen I.; New Britain (? introduced)
Casuarius unappendiculatus   Blyth, 1860 Northern Cassowary
vSalawati, lowland NW and N New Guinea (east to Astrolabe Bay), Yapen I.
Casuarius casuarius   (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern Cassowary
vAru Is., lowland NW, S and SE New Guinea, NE Australia (NE Queensland)5
DROMAIINAE
DROMAIUS Vieillot, 1816 M - Casuarius novaehollandiae Latham, 1790; type by monotypy  
Dromaius novaehollandiae6 Emu/Great Emu
novaehollandiae (Latham, 1790)7 Australia (except western sand deserts and dense forests)
†? diemenensis Le Souef, 1907 vTasmania
†? Dromaius minor 8,9  Spencer, 1906 King Island Emu
vKing I. (off NW Tasmania) [Spencer, 1906 #3687]
†? Dromaius baudinianus 10  S.A. Parker, 1984 Kangaroo Island Emu
vKangaroo I. (off South Australia) [Parker, 1984 #2904]

1 Treated as a broad family including the Dromaiidae by Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602].
2 Treated as monotypic in most recent literature, e.g. Mayr (1979) [Mayr, 1979 #2568], Folch (1992) [Folch, 1992 #12675], Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533], but Davies (2002) [Davies, 2002 #12283] treated papuanus as a separate species.
3 For recognition see Davies (2002) [Davies, 2002 #12283]; we do not recognise edwardsi because it is from the terra typica of papuanus.
4 See Bruce & McAllan (1991) [Bruce, 1991 #5956] for correct source and date of publication.
5 Introduced to Seram (S Moluccas).
6 For corroboration of mainland populations as monotypic and a distinct but extinct Tasmanian population based on smaller size see Davies (2002) [Davies, 2002 #12283].
7 Includes woodwardi; see Marchant & Higgins (1990) [Marchant, 1990 #2485]; and rothschildi; see Davies (2002) [Davies, 2002 #12283].
8 The name Dromaius ater Vieillot, 1817 [Vieillot, 1817 #3991], previously applied to this species, is a synonym of Casuarius novaehollandiae Latham, 1790; see Mathews (1927) [Mathews, 1927 #2527].
9 For a suggestion this may not deserve species rank see Heupink et al. (2011) [Heupink, 2011 #13406].
10 The name Casuarius diemenianus Jennings, 1828, retained by Mayr (1979) [Mayr, 1979 #2568] is not applicable; see Jouanin (1959) [Jouanin, 1959 #2161] and Parker (1984) [Parker, 1984 #2904].
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