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GRUIDAE - Cranes1 (4:15)
BALEARICINAE
BALEARICA Brisson, 1760 F - Balearica Brisson; type by tautonymy = Ardea pavonina Linnaeus, 1758  
Balearica regulorum Grey Crowned Crane
gibbericeps Reichenow, 1892 S Uganda and C and S Kenya to N Zambia and N Mozambique
regulorum (E.T. Bennett, 1834) S Angola and S Zambia to S Mozambique and E South Africa
Balearica pavonina2 Black Crowned Crane
pavonina (Linnaeus, 1758) vSenegal and Gambia to Chad
ceciliae P.C. Mitchell, 1904 Sudan to W Ethiopia, N Uganda and NW Kenya
GRUINAE
LEUCOGERANUS Bonaparte, 1855 M - Grus leucogeranus Pallas, 1773; type by tautonymy  
Leucogeranus leucogeranus 3  (Pallas, 1773) Siberian Crane
NW and EC Siberia >> Iran, NW India and E China
ANTIGONE Reichenbach, 1853 F - Grus torquata Vieillot, 1817; type by original designation and tautonymy = Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758  
Antigone canadensis4 Sandhill Crane
1 canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) vNE Siberia, Alaska and N Canada (east to Baffin I.) >> SW USA and NC Mexico
2 tabida (J.L. Peters, 1925)5 vS Canada, W and NC USA >> S USA, NC Mexico
2 pratensis (F.A.A. Meyer, 1794) vSE USA (SE Georgia, Florida Pen.)
2 pulla (Aldrich, 1972) vSE USA (SE Mississippi) [Aldrich, 1972 #41]
2 nesiotes (Bangs & Zappey, 1905) Cuba and Isla de la Juventud
Antigone vipio   (Pallas, 1811) White-naped Crane
N Mongolia, S and E Transbaikalia, NE China and Russian Far East >> Korea, S Japan, EC China
Antigone antigone Sarus Crane
antigone (Linnaeus, 1758) Nepal, N India >> Bangladesh
sharpii (Blanford, 1895)6 Myanmar and E continental SE Asia; formerly mainland SE Asia to C Thai-Malay Pen., N Philippines (Luzon)
gillae (Schodde, Blackman & Haffenden, 1989)7 NE Australia [Schodde, 1989 #3517]
Antigone rubicunda 8  (Perry, 1810) Brolga
vLowland SC New Guinea (Trans-Fly region), N and E Australia
GRUS Brisson, 1760 F - Grus Brisson; type by tautonymy = Ardea grus Linnaeus, 1758  9,10
Grus carunculata   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Wattled Crane
vEthiopia; SE DR Congo and SW Tanzania to N Botswana, Zimbabwe and C Mozambique, Angola, SE South Africa
Grus paradisea   (A.A.H. Lichtenstein, 1793) Blue Crane
vE and S South Africa, Namibia (Etosha Pan)
Grus virgo   (Linnaeus, 1758) Demoiselle Crane
SW Russia and E Turkey to N China (Nei Mongol) >> NE Africa and S Asia
Grus japonensis 11  (Statius Muller, 1776) Red-crowned Crane
vNE China, Russian Far East, N Japan >> EC China, Korea
Grus americana   (Linnaeus, 1758) Whooping Crane
vC Canada (SC Northwest Territories, NC Alberta) >> coastal SE Texas
Grus grus Common Crane
grus (Linnaeus, 1758)12 N, C and E Europe east to Ural Mts. >> S Europe, N Africa
lilfordi Sharpe, 189413 Turkey, lower R. Volga, and Ural Mts to EC Asia >> NE Africa, S Asia, S China
Grus monacha   Temminck, 1835 Hooded Crane
iS Siberia, N China >> Japan, S Korea, C and E China
Grus nigricollis   Przevalski, 1876 Black-necked Crane
vTibetan Plateau, Ladakh and Sikkim >> Bhutan, NE India to SC China

1 Classification follows Krajewski et al. (2010) [Krajewski, 2010 #12345].
2 Forms a superspecies with B. regulorum; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
3 Treated in monotypic genus Leucogeranus by Krajewski et al. (2010) [Krajewski, 2010 #12345].
4 Subspecies group designations follow Rhymer et al. (2001) [Rhymer, 2001 #3261].
5 Includes rowani Walkinshaw, 1965 [Walkinshaw, 1965 #4072]; considered undiagnosable by Rhymer et al. (2001) [Rhymer, 2001 #3261] but see also Johnson et al. (2005) [Johnson, 2005 #13839].
6 Includes †luzonica Hachisuka, 1941 [Hachisuka, 1941 #1857]; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
7 The spelling gilliae as used in Archibald & Meine (1996) [Archibald, 1996 #4350] is not correct. The name fordi Bruce & McAllan, 1989, in McAllan & Bruce (1989) [McAllan, 1989 #2582] appeared later and is a synonym.
8 Includes argentea; see Condon (1975) [Condon, 1975 #1033].
9 Includes Bugeranus and Anthropoides; see Krajewski et al. (2010) [Krajewski, 2010 #12345].
10 For change from Pallas to Brisson see Direction 55 (I.C.Z.N., 1956) [I.C.Z.N., 1956 #9447].
11 The name panmumjonii Archibald, 1976 [Archibald, 1976 #92] was based on acoustic evidence; not recognised by Archibald & Meine (1996) [Archibald, 1996 #4350].
12 We include archibaldi Ilyashenko, 2008 [Ilyashenko, 2008 #11225]; see Appendix 2.2.
13 May not be diagnosable; see Archibald & Meine (1996) [Archibald, 1996 #4350]. We include korelovi Ilyashenko & Belyalov, 2011 [Ilyashenko, 2011 #14276]; see Appendix 2.2.
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