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JACANIDAE - Jacanas1 (6:8)
JACANA Brisson, 1760 F - Jacana Brisson; type by tautonymy = Parra jacana Linnaeus, 1766  
Jacana spinosa 2,3  (Linnaeus, 1758) Northern Jacana
vMexico (S Sinaloa, C Tamaulipas) to W Panama (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí); Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Jamaica, Hispaniola
Jacana jacana Wattled Jacana
hypomelaena (G.R. Gray, 1846) vW Panama (Veraguas, Colón) to N Colombia (W Guajira, upper Magdalena valley)
melanopygia (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vW Colombia (Cauca valley); NW Venezuela (Maracaibo basin)
intermedia (P.L. Sclater, 1857) vNE Ecuador, E Colombia, N and C Venezuela, Trinidad
jacana (Linnaeus, 1766)4 S Venezuela, the Guianas and Brazil to E Bolivia, N Argentina and Uruguay
scapularis Chapman, 1922 vW Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes)
peruviana J.T. Zimmer, 1930 vNE Peru (lower R. Ucayali) and NW Brazil (upper R. Amazon)
HYDROPHASIANUS Wagler, 1832 M - Parra sinensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by original designation = Tringa chirurgus Scopoli, 1786  
Hydrophasianus chirurgus   (Scopoli, 1786) Pheasant-tailed Jacana
iS Asia, C and S China, continental SE Asia, Philippines >> mainland SE Asia, Greater Sundas
ACTOPHILORNIS Oberholser, 1925 M - Parra africana J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by original designation  
Actophilornis africanus 5  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) African Jacana
vSenegal to Ethiopia, south to South Africa
Actophilornis albinucha 6  (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832) δ Madagascar Jacana
iW Madagascar
METOPIDIUS Wagler, 1832 M - Parra aenea Cuvier, 1817; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 71). = Parra indica Latham, 1790  
Metopidius indicus   (Latham, 1790) Bronze-winged Jacana
vIndia, S China (S Yunnan), mainland SE Asia to C Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Java
IREDIPARRA Mathews, 1911 F - Parra gallinacea Temminck, 1828; type by original designation  
Irediparra gallinacea7 Comb-crested Jacana
gallinacea (Temminck, 1828) vSE Borneo, S Philippines, Sulawesi, S Moluccas, Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa to Timor)
novaeguinae (E.P. Ramsay, 1879)8,9 SE Moluccas (Kai Is.), Western Papuan Is. (Misool), lowland W, N and E New Guinea, Aru Is., D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (Fergusson I.), Bismarck Arch. (New Britain)
novaehollandiae (Salvadori, 1882) Lowland SC New Guinea, coastal and subcoastal NW to NE and EC Australia
MICROPARRA Cabanis, 1877 F - Parra capensis A. Smith, 1839; type by original designation  
Microparra capensis   (A. Smith, 1839) Lesser Jacana
vMali to Sudan and Ethiopia, south to E South Africa

1 Generic limits and sequence based on Whittingham et al. (2000) [Whittingham, 2000 #4209]. See also Baker et al. (2007) [Baker, 2007 #9757].
2 For treatment as a separate species from J. jacana see Wetmore (1965) [Wetmore, 1965 #4149]; they form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
3 Includes gymnostoma, violacea, and lowi van Rossem, 1938 [van Rossem, 1938 #3939]; see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
4 Includes dorsalis Brodkorb, 1939 [Brodkorb, 1939 #491]; see Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
5 Forms a superspecies with A. albinucha; see Snow (1978) [Snow, 1978 #13852].
6 Original spelling albinuca. Here emended based on internal evidence.
7 For polytypic treatment see Marchant & Higgins (1993) [Marchant, 1993 #2487] and Jenni (1996) [Jenni, 1996 #2113]; but see also Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094].
8 The original spelling did not end eae and we now consider that both guin and guine are valid stems and that an emendation to the spelling was unjustified.
9 For date see Anon. (1929) [Anon., 1929 #14054].
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