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APODIDAE - Swifts1,2 (20:99)
HEMIPROCNINAE
HEMIPROCNE Nitzsch, 1829 F - Cypselus longipennis Temminck, 1823; type by subsequent designation (Oberholser, 1906, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 19, p. 68). = Hirundo longipennis Rafinesque, 1802  
Hemiprocne coronata 3  (Tickell, 1833) Crested Treeswift
vC Himalayas (Uttarakhand to Bhutan), N, C and SW India, Sri Lanka, S Yunnan, continental SE Asia (except extreme SW)
Hemiprocne longipennis Grey-rumped Treeswift
harterti Stresemann, 1913 Extreme SW continental SE Asia, Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, SW Philippines (Sulu Arch.)
perlonga (Richmond, 1903)4 vSimeulue I. to Enggano I. (off W Sumatra)
longipennis (Rafinesque, 1802) vJava, Bali, Kangean Is. (Java Sea), Lombok (Lesser Sundas)
wallacii (Gould, 1859)5 Sulawesi, Banggai Is., Sula Is.
Hemiprocne comata Whiskered Treeswift
comata (Temminck, 1824)6 vS Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., Sumatra and W satellites (Nias I. to Mentawai Is.), Borneo
major (E. Hartert, 1895)7 vPhilippines
Hemiprocne mystacea Moustached Treeswift
confirmata Stresemann, 1914 vMoluccas, Aru Is.
mystacea (Lesson & Garnot, 1827)8 vN Moluccas (Gebe), Western Papuan Is. (Waigeo, Batanta, Misool), Numfoor I., Biak I., Yapen I. (in Cenderawasih Bay) and all lowland New Guinea [Lesson, 1827 #15269]
aeroplanes Stresemann, 19219 Long I., Umboi, New Britain, New Ireland and New Hanover and satellite islands, St. Matthias Group, Hibernian Is. (Bismarck Arch.)
macrura Salomonsen, 198310 vAdmiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
woodfordiana (E. Hartert, 1896) vFeni Is. (Hibernian Is.), Buka to Malaita, Guadalcanal and Rennell (Solomons)
carbonaria Salomonsen, 1983 vSan Cristobal and satellite islets (SE Solomons) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
CYPSELOIDINAE
CYPSELOIDES Streubel, 1848 M - Hemiprocne fumigata Streubel, 1848; type by subsequent designation (P.L. Sclater, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 33, p. 614).  
Cypseloides cherriei   Ridgway, 1893 Spot-fronted Swift
iMountains of SW Costa Rica and N Venezuela; Andes of NC and SW Colombia and N Ecuador
Cypseloides cryptus 11  J.T. Zimmer, 1945 White-chinned Swift
vS Belize to Panama; Andes from SW Venezuela to SE Peru; tepuis of S Venezuela and Guyana; N Brazil (NE Amazonas) [Zimmer, 1945 #4300]
Cypseloides storeri 12  Navarro, Peterson, Escalante & Benitez, 1992 White-fronted Swift
iMountains of SW Mexico (Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero) [Navarro-Siguenza, 1992 #2751]
Cypseloides niger13 Black Swift
borealis (Kennerly, 1858) αvSE Alaska to SW USA >> South America
costaricensis Ridgway, 1910 vW and C Mexico (SW Chihuahua, Hidalgo) to Costa Rica
niger (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) vWest Indies, Trinidad
Cypseloides lemosi   Eisenmann & Lehmann, 1962 White-chested Swift
iNC and SW Colombia; NE Ecuador; NW Peru [Eisenmann, 1962 #1494]
Cypseloides rothschildi 14,15  J.T. Zimmer, 1945 Rothschild's Swift
iS Bolivia (SW Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (Tucumán, Santiago del Estero) [Zimmer, 1945 #4300]
Cypseloides fumigatus   (Streubel, 1848) Sooty Swift
vE Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones), SE Brazil (C Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul)
Cypseloides senex   (Temminck, 1826) Great Dusky Swift
iNE Bolivia, C & S Brazil, E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
STREPTOPROCNE Oberholser, 1906 F - Hirundo zonaris Shaw, 1796; type by original designation  
Streptoprocne rutila16 Chestnut-collared Swift
griseifrons (Nelson, 1900) W Mexico
brunnitorques (Lafresnaye, 1844)17 SE Mexico to Panama; Andes of Colombia to WC Bolivia
rutila (Vieillot, 1817) vAndes and Coastal Range of Venezuela, Trinidad
Streptoprocne phelpsi   (Collins, 1972) Tepui Swift
iTepuis of S Venezuela, SW Guyana and N Brazil [Collins, 1972 #1021]
Streptoprocne zonaris18 White-collared Swift
mexicana Ridgway, 1910 vS Mexico (Guerrero, Veracruz) to Belize
bouchellii W. Huber, 1923 Nicaragua to Panama
pallidifrons (E. Hartert, 1896) Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles (the Grenadines, Grenada)
minor (Lawrence, 1882) vCoastal Range of Venezuela, Trinidad [Lawrence, 1882 #2340]
albicincta (Cabanis, 1862) vS and E Venezuela, Guyana
subtropicalis Parkes, 1994 vSanta Marta Mts.; Sierra de Perijá ; Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida) to S Peru [Parkes, 1994 #2947]
altissima Chapman, 1914 vHigh elevations of Andes of Colombia and Ecuador
kuenzeli Niethammer, 1953 High elevations of Andes of Bolivia and NW Argentina [Niethammer, 1953 #2768]
zonaris (Shaw, 1796) vBolivia, S Brazil, C and E Paraguay
Streptoprocne biscutata Biscutate Swift
seridoensis Sick, 1991 vNE Brazil (S Piauí to Rio Grande do Norte) [Sick, 1991 #3644]
biscutata (P.L. Sclater, 1866) αvSE Brazil (Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Streptoprocne semicollaris   (de Saussure, 1859) White-naped Swift
vMountains of W Mexico (S Chihuahua to Nayarit; México, Morelos, Guerrero)
APODINAE

Tribe CHAETURINI
MEARNSIA Ridgway, 1911 F - Chaetura picina Tweeddale, 1879; type by original designation  
Mearnsia picina   (Tweeddale, 1879) Philippine Spinetailed Swift
vSC and S Philippines
Mearnsia novaeguineae Papuan Spinetailed Swift
buergersi (Reichenow, 1917)19 Lowland N New Guinea (R. Mamberamo basin to Astrolabe Bay)
novaeguineae (D'Albertis & Salvadori, 1879) Lowland S and SE New Guinea (neck of Vogelkop to Orangerie Bay)
ZOONAVENA Mathews, 1918 F - Chaetura grandidieri Schlegel; type by original designation and monotypy = Chaetura grandidieri J. Verreaux, 1867  
Zoonavena grandidieri Madagascar Spinetailed Swift
mariae (Benson, 1960) Grande Comore (Comoros) [Benson, 1960 #261]
grandidieri (J. Verreaux, 1867) Madagascar
Zoonavena thomensis   (E. Hartert, 1900) São Tomé Spinetailed Swift
vSão Tomé, Príncipe
Zoonavena sylvatica   (Tickell, 1846) White-rumped Spinetailed Swift
vNepal, India >> Bangladesh
TELACANTHURA Mathews, 1918 F - Chaetura ussheri Sharpe, 1870; type by original designation  
Telacanthura ussheri Mottled Spinetailed Swift
ussheri (Sharpe, 1870) Senegal to Nigeria
sharpei (Neumann, 1908) S Cameroon, Gabon, DR Congo and Uganda
stictilaema (Reichenow, 1879)20 vKenya, NE and C Tanzania
benguellensis (Neumann, 1908) vS Zambia, S Malawi to E Zimbabwe and S Mozambique; W Angola
Telacanthura melanopygia   (Chapin, 1915) Black Spinetailed Swift
vSierra Leone to Cameroon and Gabon, SW Central African Republic, NE DR Congo, NE Angola
RHAPHIDURA E.W. Oates, 1883 F - Acanthylis leucopygialis Blyth, 1849; type by monotypy  21
Rhaphidura leucopygialis 22  (Blyth, 1849) Silver-rumped Spinetailed Swift
vS Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas
Rhaphidura sabini   (J.E. Gray, 1829) Sabine's Spinetailed Swift
iSierra Leone to Uganda and W Kenya, Bioko
NEAFRAPUS Mathews, 1918 M - Chaetura cassini P.L. Sclater, 1863; type by original designation  
Neafrapus cassini 23  (P.L. Sclater, 1863) Cassin's Spinetailed Swift
iS Ivory Coast to Gabon and DR Congo and W Uganda
Neafrapus boehmi Böhm's Spinetailed Swift
boehmi (Schalow, 1882) W Angola to W Tanzania
sheppardi (Roberts, 1922)24 SE Kenya, E Tanzania, E and S Zambia to Mozambique
CHAETURA Stephens, 1826 F - Hirundo pelasgia Stephens; type by subsequent designation (Swainson, 1830, Zoological Illustrations, new ser., 1, pl. 42 and text). = Hirundo pelagica Linnaeus, 1758  
Chaetura fumosa 25  Salvin, 1870 Costa Rican Swift
vPacific slope from SW Costa Rica to W Panama (Chiriquí)
Chaetura spinicaudus Band-rumped Swift
aetherodroma Wetmore, 1951 vC Panama (Panamá) to NW Colombia and SW Ecuador [Wetmore, 1951 #4134]
spinicaudus (Temminck, 1839)26,27 δS and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N and C Amazonian Brazil
Chaetura martinica 28  (Hermann, 1783) Lesser Antillean Swift
vGuadeloupe to St. Vincent (Lesser Antilles)
Chaetura cinereiventris Gray-rumped Swift
phaeopygos Hellmayr, 1906 Caribbean slope from E Nicaragua to NW Panama (Bocas del Toro)
lawrencei Ridgway, 1893 Coastal Range of Venezuela, Isla de Margarita, Trinidad, Grenada
schistacea Todd, 1937 vAndes of W Venezuela (Mérida) to NC Colombia (Boyacá)
guianensis E. Hartert, 1892 vE Venezuela, W Guyana
occidentalis von Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 vW Colombia to NW Peru (Tumbes)
sclateri von Pelzeln, 1868 W Amazonia from S Venezuela to N Bolivia
cinereiventris P.L. Sclater, 1862 vSE Brazil (SE Bahia to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Chaetura egregia 29  Todd, 1916 Pale-rumped Swift
vE Ecuador, E Peru and SW Brazil (Acre) to NE Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Chaetura vauxi Vaux's Swift
1 vauxi (J.K. Townsend, 1839) SW Canada (British Columbia) to SW USA (C California) >> C Mexico to Honduras
1 tamaulipensis Sutton, 1941 vNE Mexico (SW Tamaulipas, SE San Luis Potosí) [Sutton, 1941 #3786]
2 gaumeri Lawrence, 188230 SE Mexico (Yucatan Pen., Isla de Cozumel)
3 warneri A.R. Phillips, 196631 W and SW Mexico (S Sinaloa to Oaxaca) [Phillips, 1966 #3064]
3 richmondi Ridgway, 191032 S Mexico (S Veracruz) to W Panama (Chiriquí, Bocas del Toro)
3 ochropygia Aldrich, 1937 vC Panama (Veraguas, Coclé, Isla de Coiba, Arch. de las Perlas)
4 andrei von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 190233 Orinoco valley (Venezuela)
Chaetura pelagica 34  (Linnaeus, 1758) Chimney Swift
vS Canada (west to E Saskatchewan), E USA (west to North Dakota and W Texas) >> W and WC South America
Chaetura chapmani   Hellmayr, 1907 Chapman's Swift
iC Panama to N Colombia, NW, S and E Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil
Chaetura viridipennis 35  Cherrie, 1916 Amazonian Swift
vE Peru, SW and S Amazonian Brazil
Chaetura meridionalis 36  Hellmayr, 1907 Sick's Swift
vE and S Bolivia, S Brazil, Paraguay and N Argentina >> Colombia, French Guiana
Chaetura brachyura Short-tailed Swift
praevelox Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1918 St. Vincent and Grenada (S Lesser Antilles)
brachyura (Jardine, 1846) vC Panama to Venezuela and the Guianas, Trinidad, Tobago
ocypetes J.T. Zimmer, 195337 SW Ecuador (S Manabí) to NW Peru (Tumbes) [Zimmer, 1953 #4319]
cinereocauda (Cassin, 1850)38 N and W Amazonia [Cassin, 1850 #673]
HIRUNDAPUS Hodgson, 1837 M - Cypselus (Chaetura) nudipes Hodgson, 1837; type by original designation  
Hirundapus caudacutus39 White-throated Needletail
caudacutus (Latham, 1801)40 αvC Siberia to Russian Far East, Mongolia, Japan, Korea, NE China >> SE New Guinea, E Australia
nudipes (Hodgson, 1837) Himalayan foothills, SW China, NW continental SE Asia >> Thai-Malay Pen., Java
Hirundapus cochinchinensis 41  (Oustalet, 1878) Silver-backed Needletail
vFoothills of C and E Himalayas (west to Nepal), extreme NE India, Hainan, Taiwan, E continental SE Asia >> mainland SE Asia, Sumatra, Java
Hirundapus giganteus Brown-backed Needletail
indicus (Hume, 1873) vSW India and Sri Lanka, NE India, Andamans, continental SE Asia >> mainland SE Asia
giganteus (Temminck, 1825) vThai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas, SW Philippines (Palawan)
Hirundapus celebensis 42,43  (P.L. Sclater, 1866) α Purple Needletail
vSulawesi, Philippines (except Palawan)
Tribe COLLOCALINI44
COLLOCALIA G.R. Gray, 1840 F - Hirundo esculenta Linnaeus, 1758; type by original designation  45
Collocalia troglodytes 46  G.R. Gray, 1845 Pygmy Swiftlet
iPhilippines
Collocalia linchi47 Cave Swiftlet
ripleyi Somadikarta, 1986 Sumatra [Somadikarta, 1986 #3679]
linchi Horsfield & F. Moore, 185448 Java, Bawean I. (Java Sea)
dedii Somadikarta, 198649 Bali, Lombok [Somadikarta, 1986 #3679]
dodgei Richmond, 190550 NW Borneo51
Collocalia esculenta52 Glossy Swiftlet
1 affinis Beavan, 1867 vAndamans, Nicobars
1 elachyptera Oberholser, 1906 vMergui Arch. (off SE Myanmar)
1 cyanoptila Oberholser, 1906 vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
1 vanderbilti Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 Nias I. (off W Sumatra) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1940 #2662]
1 oberholseri Stresemann, 1912 Batu Is. and Mentawai Is. (off W Sumatra)
natalis Lister, 188953 vChristmas I. (Indian Ocean)
2 septentrionalis Mayr, 1945 vBabuyan, Calayan, Camiguin Norte (Philippines) [Delacour, 1945 #1287]
2 isonota Oberholser, 190654 δvN Luzon (Philippines)
2 marginata Salvadori, 188255 vC and S Luzon, W and E Visayan Is. (Philippines)
2 bagobo Hachisuka, 193056 Mindoro, Mindanao, Sulu Arch. (Tawi-Tawi Group)
3 manadensis Salomonsen, 1983 vTalaud Is., Sangir Is., N Sulawesi [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
3 esculenta (Linnaeus, 1758) vSulawesi (except N), Banggai Is., Sula Is., C and S Moluccas (Obi to to Kai Is.)
3 minuta Stresemann, 1925 vIslands in Flores Sea
3 spilura G.R. Gray, 186657 N Moluccas [Gray, 1866 #1801]
3 sumbawae Stresemann, 1925 Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores (Lesser Sundas)
3 neglecta G.R. Gray, 1866 vDao to Timor (Lesser Sundas)
3 perneglecta Mayr, 1944 vAlor to Damar and Savu (?) (Lesser Sundas) [Mayr, 1944 #2552]
3 amethystina Salomonsen, 1983 vWaigeo (Western Papuan Is.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
3 numforensis Salomonsen, 1983 vNumfoor I., Biak I. (?) (in Cenderawasih Bay) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
3 nitens Ogilvie-Grant, 1914 Western Papuan Is. (Batanta, Salawati, Misool), lowland and montane New Guinea (except range of erwini), Yapen I, Karkar I.
3 erwini Collin & E. Hartert, 1927 Alpine WC New Guinea (Maoke Mts.)
3 stresemanni Rothschild & E. Hartert, 1914 Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.)
3 heinrothi Neumann, 191958 New Hanover, Nusa, New Ireland, Djaul I. (Bismarck Arch.)
3 spilogaster Salomonsen, 198359 Hibernian Is. (Bismarck Arch.), Nissan (Green Is.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
3 tametamele Stresemann, 1921 Long I., Witu Is., New Britain (Bismarck Arch.), Buka, Bougainville (N Solomons)
3 misimae Salomonsen, 1983 Louisiade Arch. (off SE New Guinea) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
3 becki Mayr, 1931 Shortland, Fauro, Choiseul, New Georgia Is., Santa Isabel, Pavuvu, Malaita, Florida Is., Guadalcanal (Solomons)
3 makirensis Mayr, 1931 vSan Cristobal (SE Solomons)
3 desiderata Mayr, 1931 vRennell (S Solomons)
3 uropygialis G.R. Gray, 1866 vUtupua, Vanikoro (Santa Cruz Is.), Vanuatu
3 albidior Salomonsen, 1983 vNew Caledonia, Loyalty Is. [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
HYDROCHOUS Brooke, 1970 M - Collocalia gigas E. Hartert & A.L. Butler, 1901; type by original designation and monotypy  
Hydrochous gigas   (E. Hartert & A.L. Butler, 1901) Waterfall Swiftlet
S Thai-Malay Pen., Greater Sundas
AERODRAMUS Oberholser, 1906 M - Collocalia innominata Hume, 1873; type by original designation  
Aerodramus papuensis 60  (Rand, 1941) Papuan Swiftlet/Three-toed Swiftlet
vMontane C, NE and SE New Guinea (Kobowre Mts. to Owen Stanley Range, mountains of Huon Pen.) [Rand, 1941 #3184]
Aerodramus whiteheadi61 Whitehead's Swiftlet
whiteheadi (Ogilvie-Grant, 1895) Mt. Data in N Luzon (Philippines)
origenis (Oberholser, 1906) vMindanao, Negros (Philippines)
Aerodramus nuditarsus   (Salomonsen, 1962) Bare-legged Swiftlet
Montane WC to SE New Guinea (central cordillera) [Salomonsen, 1962 #3452]
Aerodramus orientalis62 Mayr's Swiftlet
leletensis (Salomonsen, 1962) vC New Ireland (Bismarck Arch.) [Salomonsen, 1962 #3452]
orientalis (Mayr, 1935) vGuadalcanal (SE Solomons)
Aerodramus infuscatus63 Moluccan Swiftlet
sororum (Stresemann, 1931) Sulawesi (except N?)
infuscatus (Salvadori, 1880) vSangir Is. (Sangir, Siau) and N Moluccas
ceramensis (van Oort, 1911) vS Moluccas
Aerodramus hirundinaceus Mountain Swiftlet
baru (Stresemann & Paludan, 1932)64 αYapen I. (in Cenderawasih Bay)
hirundinaceus (Stresemann, 1914) vMontane New Guinea (except range of excelsus), Karkar I., D'Entrecasteaux Arch. (Goodenough I.)
excelsus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1914) vMontane to alpine WC New Guinea (upper Maoke Mts.)
Aerodramus terraereginae65 Australian Swiftlet
terraereginae (E.P. Ramsay, 1875) Coastal NE Australia (E Cape York Pen. to EC Queensland)
chillagoensis Pecotich, 1982 vSubcoastal NE Queensland [Pecotich, 1982 #2994]
Aerodramus brevirostris Himalayan Swiftlet
brevirostris (Horsfield, 1840) vHimalayan foothills (east from Himachal Pradesh), NE India, W Yunnan to N Myanmar
innominatus (Hume, 1873)66 vC and SW China, extreme NE continental SE Asia >> Andaman Sea islands, mainland SE Asia
rogersi (Deignan, 1955)67 Yunnan (?), E Myanmar, NW and W Thailand >> C Laos, Thai-Malay Pen. [Deignan, 1955 #1231]
vulcanorum (Stresemann, 1926)68 Mountains of W Java
Aerodramus maximus69 Black-nest Swiftlet
maximus (Hume, 1878) vSE Myanmar (S Tenasserim), Thai-Malay Pen., SE Vietnam [Hume, 1878 #2039]70
lowi (Sharpe, 1879) Sumatra, Java, W and N Borneo
tichelmani (Stresemann, 1926) SE Borneo
Aerodramus ocistus71 Marquesan Swiftlet
ocistus (Oberholser, 1906) vN Iles Marquises
gilliardi (Somadikarta, 1994) S Iles Marquises [Somadikarta, 1994 #3680]
Aerodramus amelis72 Ameline Swiftlet
amelis (Oberholser, 1906) Philippines (except Palawan)
palawanensis (Stresemann, 1914)73 vPalawan (Philippines)
Aerodramus vanikorensis Uniform Swiftlet
aenigma (Riley, 1918) N and C Sulawesi
heinrichi (Stresemann, 1932) SW Sulawesi
moluccarum (Stresemann, 1914) S Moluccas
waigeuensis (Stresemann & Paludan, 1932) vN Moluccas, Western Papuan Is.
steini (Stresemann & Paludan, 1932) Numfoor I., Biak I. (in Cenderawasih Bay)
yorki (Mathews, 1916)74 Lowland New Guinea, Aru Is., D'Entrecasteaux Arch. >> Cape York Pen.
tagulae (Mayr, 1937) Trobriand Is., Woodlark I., Louisiade Arch. (Misima, Tagula)
coultasi (Mayr, 1937) Admiralty Is., St. Matthias Group (Bismarck Arch.)
pallens (Salomonsen, 1983) Long I., Umboi, New Britain, New Ireland and New Hanover and satellite islands, Djaul I. (Bismarck Arch.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
lihirensis (Mayr, 1937) vTabar Is., Lihir I., Tanga Is., Feni Is. (Hibernian Is.)
lugubris (Salomonsen, 1983) vBuka to San Cristobal (Solomons) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
vanikorensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1830) vDuff Is., Swallow Is., Ndeni, Vanikoro (Santa Cruz Is.), Vanuatu
Aerodramus leucophaeus Polynesian Swiftlet
leucophaeus (Peale, 1848) vSociety Is.
sawtelli (Holyoak, 1974)75 Atiu (Cook Is.) [Holyoak, 1974 #1987]
Aerodramus inquietus Caroline Swiftlet
rukensis (N. Kuroda, Sr., 1915) vChuuk (Caroline Is.)
ponapensis (Mayr, 1935) vPohnpei (Caroline Is.)
inquietus (von Kittlitz, 1858) vKosrae (Caroline Is.)
Aerodramus pelewensis 76  (Mayr, 1935) Palau Swiftlet
vBabeldaob to Peleliu (Palau)
Aerodramus bartschi 77  (Mearns, 1909) Mariana Swiftlet
Saipan, Tinian (Northern Mariana Is.), Guam
Aerodramus mearnsi 78,79  (Oberholser, 1912) Philippine Swiftlet
Luzon, Mindoro, Palawan, Negros, Bohol, Mindanao (Philippines)
Aerodramus spodiopygius80 White-rumped Swiftlet
delichon (Salomonsen, 1983) Admiralty Is. (Bismarck Arch.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
eichhorni (E. Hartert, 1924) St. Matthias Group (Bismarck Arch.)
noonaedanae (Salomonsen, 1983) New Britain, New Ireland, Lihir I., Tabar Is. (Bismarck Arch.) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
reichenowi (Stresemann, 1912) Buka to San Cristobal (Solomons)
desolatus (Salomonsen, 1983) vDuff Is., Swallow Is., Ndeni (Santa Cruz Is.), Tikopia (Solomons) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
epiensis (Salomonsen, 1983) vBanks Is. to Epi (Vanuatu) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
ingens (Salomonsen, 1983) Emaé to Anatom (Vanuatu) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]
leucopygius (Wallace, 1864) vNew Caledonia, Loyalty Is.
assimilis (Stresemann, 1912) vFiji
townsendi (Oberholser, 1906) Tonga
spodiopygius (Peale, 1848) vSamoa
Aerodramus unicolor 81  (Jerdon, 1840) Indian Swiftlet
SW India, Sri Lanka
Aerodramus francicus   (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Mascarene Swiftlet
vMauritius, Réunion
Aerodramus elaphrus   (Oberholser, 1906) Seychelles Swiftlet
vSeychelles
Aerodramus fuciphagus82 Edible-nest Swiftlet
inexpectatus (Hume, 1873) vAndamans and Nicobars
germani (Oustalet, 1876)83,84 αCoastal Hainan, continental SE Asia (except NW), Thai-Malay Pen. (except S), N Borneo, W Philippines
amechanus (Oberholser, 1912) vAnamba Is. (Indonesia)
vestitus (Lesson, 1843) vSumatra, Belitung I. (off SE Sumatra), Borneo
perplexus (Riley, 1927)85 vMaratua I. (off E Borneo)
fuciphagus (Thunberg, 1812)86 vExtreme S Thai-Malay Pen. (?), coastal Sumatra, Java, Java and Flores Sea islands, W Lesser Sundas (east to Sumbawa)
dammermani (Rensch, 1931) Flores (Lesser Sundas)
micans (Stresemann, 1914) Sumba, Savu, Timor (Lesser Sundas)
Aerodramus salangana87,88 Mossy-nest Swiftlet
aerophilus (Oberholser, 1912) vBanyak Is. to Mentawai Is. (off W Sumatra)
salangana (Streubel, 1848) Java [Streubel, 1848 #3771]
natunae (Stresemann, 1930) Sumatra (ssp.?), Natuna Is. (Indonesia), Borneo
maratua (Riley, 1927) Maratua I. (off E Borneo), Basilan (SW Philippines)
Tribe APODINI89
SCHOUTEDENAPUS de Roo, 1968 M - Cypselus myoptilus Salvadori, 1888; type by original designation  
Schoutedenapus myoptilus Scarce Swift
myoptilus (Salvadori, 1888) Ethiopia south to Zimbabwe
poensis (Alexander, 1903) vBioko
chapini (Prigogine, 1957) E DR Congo, Rwanda, SW Uganda [Prigogine, 1957 #3133]
Schoutedenapus schoutedeni   (Prigogine, 1960) Schouteden's Swift
iE DR Congo [Prigogine, 1960 #3134]
AERONAUTES E. Hartert, 1892 M - Cypselus melanoleucus Baird, 1854; type by monotypy = Acanthylis saxatilis Woodhouse, 1853  
Aeronautes saxatalis White-throated Swift
saxatalis (Woodhouse, 1853)90 vSW Canada, W USA, N, C and W Mexico (south to Oaxaca)
nigrior Dickey & van Rossem, 1928 vHighlands of S Mexico (Chiapas) to Honduras
Aeronautes montivagus White-tipped Swift
montivagus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) vSanta Marta Mts.; Sierra de Perijá; Coastal Range of Venezuela; Andes of W Venezuela to NW Argentina (Jujuy)
tatei (Chapman, 1929) Tepuis of S Venezuela, Guyana and N Brazil
Aeronautes andecolus Andean Swift
parvulus (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1892) vW slope of Andes of N Peru (Cajamarca) to N Chile (Tarapacá)
peruvianus (Chapman, 1919) vAndes of SE Peru
andecolus (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) Andes of Bolivia to WC Argentina (W Río Negro)
TACHORNIS Gosse, 1847 F - Tachornis phoenicobia Gosse, 1847; type by monotypy  
Tachornis phoenicobia Antillean Palm Swift
iradii (Lembeye, 1850)91 Cuba, Isla de la Juventud
phoenicobia Gosse, 1847 vHispaniola, Jamaica
Tachornis furcata92 Pygmy Swift
furcata (Sutton, 1928) vNE Colombia (NE Norte de Santander), W Venezuela (S Maracaibo basin)
nigrodorsalis (Aveledo & A.R. Pons, 1952) vNW Venezuela (W Maracaibo basin in Zulia) [Aveledo, 1952 #114]
Tachornis squamata93 Fork-tailed Palm Swift
semota (Riley, 1933) vE Ecuador to S Venezuela, NE Bolivia and W and C Brazil
squamata (Cassin, 1853)94 vTrinidad, Venezuela, and the Guianas to NE and E Brazil
PANYPTILA Cabanis, 1847 F - Hirundo cayennensis J.F. Gmelin, 1789; type by original designation and monotypy  
Panyptila sanctihieronymi 95  Salvin, 1863 Great Swallow-tailed Swift
iMountains of SW and S Mexico (Nayarit to Chiapas), Guatemala and Honduras
Panyptila cayennensis 96  (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
vS Mexico (S Veracruz, Chiapas) to NW Peru (Tumbes), the Guianas and Amazonia; coastal E and SE Brazil
CYPSIURUS Lesson, 1843 M - Cypselus ambrosiacus Temminck, 1828; type by monotypy = Cypselus parvus M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823  
Cypsiurus parvus African Palm Swift
parvus (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) vSenegal and Gambia to N Ethiopia; SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen
brachypterus (Reichenow, 1903) vSierra Leone to NE and S DR Congo and Angola, Bioko
myochrous (Reichenow, 1886) vSouth Sudan through E DR Congo, Lake Victoria basin, W Tanzania to Zimbabwe, NE and E South Africa,
laemostigma (Reichenow, 1905)97 SE Ethiopia, C and E Kenya and S Somalia to C Mozambique
griveaudi Benson, 1960 Comoros [Benson, 1960 #261]
gracilis (Sharpe, 1871) vMadagascar
celer Clancey, 1983 vS Mozambique to lower KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) [Clancey, 1983 #918]
hyphaenes Brooke, 1972 N Namibia, N Botswana [Brooke, 1972 #506]
Cypsiurus balasiensis98 Asian Palm Swift
balasiensis (J.E. Gray, 1829) vPakistan, India (except Assam), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka
infumatus (P.L. Sclater, 1866) αvExtreme NE India, Yunnan, Hainan, mainland SE Asia, Sumatra, Borneo
bartelsorum Brooke, 1972 Java, Bali [Brooke, 1972 #506]
pallidior (McGregor, 1905) vPhilippines
TACHYMARPTIS Roberts, 1922 M - Hirundo melba Linnaeus, 1758; type by original designation  99
Tachymarptis melba Alpine Swift
melba (Linnaeus, 1758)100 N Morocco, S Europe, Turkey, NW Iran >> W, C and NE Africa
tuneti (von Tschusi, 1904) NW Africa, NE Mediterranean, Iran to W Pakistan
archeri (E. Hartert, 1928) S Israel, Jordan, SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen, N Somalia
maximus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1907) vRwenzori Mts. (DR Congo/Uganda)
africanus (Temminck, 1815)101 vEthiopia and N Somalia to E Africa, SW Angola and NW Namibia; South Africa
marjoriae (Bradfield, 1935) NC to S Namibia and adjacent Northern Cape (South Africa)
willsi (E. Hartert, 1896) Madagascar
nubifugus (Koelz, 1954)102 δvW and C Himalayas (NE Pakistan to Nepal) >> C India [Koelz, 1954 #2250]
dorabtatai (Abdulali, 1965)103 W India [Abdulali, 1965 #15]
bakeri (E. Hartert, 1928) Sri Lanka
Tachymarptis aequatorialis Mottled Swift
lowei (Bannerman, 1920) Sierra Leone to Nigeria
bamendae (Serle, 1949)104 NW Cameroon [Serle, 1949 #3572]
furensis (Lynes, 1920) vW Sudan (Darfur)
aequatorialis (J.W. von Müller, 1851)105 vEritrea, Ethiopia and E Africa south to S Mozambique and E Zimbabwe, WC Angola
gelidus (Brooke, 1967) vZimbabwe (except E) [Brooke, 1967 #498]
APUS Scopoli, 1777 M - Hirundo apus Linnaeus, 1758; type by tautonymy  
Apus acuticauda Dark-rumped Swift
cooki (Harington, 1913)106 E Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos, C Vietnam >> Thai-Malay Pen.
acuticauda (Jerdon, 1864)107,108,109 δBhutan and NE India >> Myanmar
Apus pacificus110 Fork-tailed Swift/Pacific Swift
1 leuconyx (Blyth, 1845) Himalayas and Assam hills >> S India
2 salimalii Lack, 1958111 E Xizang, S Qinghai and W Sichuan [Lack, 1958 #2304]
3 pacificus (Latham, 1801)112 αvAltai Mts. to Kamchatka, Japan and NC China >> Indonesia, Melanesia, Australia
3 kanoi (Yamashina, 1942)113 S China, Taiwan, Lanyu I. (off Taiwan), Batan Is. (Philippines) >> Assam, mainland SE Asia [Yamashina, 1942 #4276]
Apus caffer 114  (M.H.C. Lichtenstein, 1823) White-rumped Swift
vIberia, NW Africa; Senegal east to Somalia and south to South Africa
Apus batesi   (Sharpe, 1904) Bates's Swift
iGuinea to Ghana; Nigeria to Cameroon, E DR Congo
Apus horus Horus Swift
horus (von Heuglin, 1869)115 Ethiopia to South Africa; N Ghana to Nigeria, N Cameroon, W Chad, W and EC Sudan, W DR Congo, NW Angola
fuscobrunneus Brooke, 1971 vSW Angola [Brooke, 1971 #505]
Apus nipalensis116,117 House Swift
nipalensis (Hodgson, 1837)118 αvC and E Himalayas (from C Nepal westward), NE India, Bangladesh, S China, S Japan, continental SE Asia
subfurcatus (Blyth, 1849) vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi (ssp.?)
furcatus Brooke, 1971 vJava, Bali, Lesser Sundas (Sumba to Timor) [Brooke, 1971 #504]
kuntzi Deignan, 1958 Taiwan [Deignan, 1958 #1241]
Apus affinis Little Swift
galilejensis (Antinori, 1855)119 vNW Africa, N Sahel to N Somalia, SW to C Asia (Uzbekistan), W Pakistan
bannermani E. Hartert, 1928 São Tomé, Príncipe, Bioko
aerobates Brooke, 1969120 SW Mauritania to Ethiopia, south to C Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and lowland E South Africa [Brooke, 1969 #499]
theresae R. Meinertzhagen, 1949 W and S Angola and S Zambia to Zimbabwe and South Africa (except E) [Meinertzhagen, 1949 #2645]
affinis (J.E. Gray, 1830) vE Somalia to N Mozambique, Nepal foothills, India (except NE and S) >> S India
singalensis von Madarász, 1911 vS India, Sri Lanka
Apus niansae Nyanza Swift
niansae (Reichenow, 1887)121 Mountains of Eritrea and Ethiopia to N Tanzania
somalicus (Stephenson Clarke, 1919) vN Somalia, adjacent E Ethiopia
Apus bradfieldi122 Bradfield's Swift
bradfieldi (Roberts, 1926) SW Angola, Namibia
deserticola Brooke, 1970123 Northern Cape and W Free State (South Africa) [Brooke, 1970 #502]
Apus barbatus African Swift
glanvillei Benson, 1967 Sierra Leone [Benson, 1967 #269]
serlei de Roo, 1970 W Cameroon [de Roo, 1970 #1149]
sladeniae (Ogilvie-Grant, 1904) SE Nigeria, W Cameroon, W Angola, Bioko
roehli Reichenow, 1906 Kenya to E DR Congo, south to Malawi, NE Angola
hollidayi Benson & Irwin, 1960 S Zambia, NW Zimbabwe [Benson, 1960 #262]
oreobates Brooke, 1970 E Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique [Brooke, 1970 #502]
mayottensis (Nicoll, 1906) vComoros
balstoni (E. Bartlett, 1880) Madagascar
barbatus (P.L. Sclater, 1866) αvSouth Africa
Apus berliozi Forbes-Watson's Swift
berliozi Ripley, 1966124 αS Oman, Socotra [Ripley, 1966 #3316]
bensoni Brooke, 1969 Somalia >> coastal Kenya [Brooke, 1969 #500]
Apus unicolor   (Jardine, 1830) Plain Swift
iMadeira, Canary Is. >> Morocco, Mauritania
Apus alexandri   E. Hartert, 1901 Alexander's Swift
iCape Verde Is.
Apus pallidus Pallid Swift
brehmorum E. Hartert, 1901 Madeira and Canary Is., N Africa to NW Egypt, S Europe, Cyprus, Turkey >> Sahel and Uganda
illyricus von Tschusi, 1907 vE coast of Adriatic Sea >> E Africa
pallidus (Shelley, 1870) vNE Mediterranean, W Mauritania, Saharan hills and Egypt to S Iran >> Sahel, SW Asia to S Pakistan
Apus apus Common Swift
apus (Linnaeus, 1758) N Africa, W Europe to Lake Baikal >> Africa
pekinensis (Swinhoe, 1870) vIran, Transcaspia and Afghanistan, W and C Himalayas (east to C Nepal), Mongolia and N China >> E and S Africa

1 Family Hemiprocnidae subsumed as a subfamily here following Hackett et al. (2008) [Hackett, 2008 #10993].
2 Traditional subfamilies consistent with deep genetic divergence within family (Chubb 2004) [Chubb, 2004 #760] and wing feather taxis (Bostwick & Brady 2003) [Bostwick, 2003 #447], but broader taxon-sampling desirable.
3 For treatment as a separate species from H. longipennis see Brooke (1969) [Broole, 1969 #501]. Includes dryas Ripley, 1950 [Ripley, 1950 #3300]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
4 Includes ocyptera and thoa; see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4119].
5 Includes dehaani Somadikarta, 1975 [Somadikarta, 1975 #3678], and mendeni Somadikarta, 1975 [Somadikarta, 1975 #3678]; see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4119].
6 Includes stresemanni; see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4119].
7 Includes nakamurai and barbarae Peters, 1939 [Peters, 1939 #3009]; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
8 Dual authorship certain but may have been first published in Férussac's Bulletin by Lesson & Garnot (1827) [Lesson, 1827 #10746], precedence not yet assured.
9 Not recognised by Mees (1965) [Mees, 1965 #2608], but see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4119].
10 For recognition of this and carbonaria see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4119].
11 May form a superspecies with C. storeri; see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
12 Possibly only a subspecies of C. cryptus; see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
13 Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Nephoecetes, but see Zimmer (1945) [Zimmer, 1945 #4300] and A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9]. Forms a superspecies with C. lemosi, C. rothschildi and C. fumigatus; see Mayr & Short (1970) [Mayr, 1970 #2566] and Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
14 Formerly called Cypseloides major but with the genus Aerornis submerged, this 1931 name became preoccupied by the name Chaetura major Bertoni, 1900, a synonym of C. senex; see Zimmer (1953) [Zimmer, 1953 #4319].
15 Treated as a separate species from C. fumigatus following Rogers (1939) [Rogers, 1939 #3370] and Short (1975) [Short, 1975 #13726]; see also Zimmer (1953) [Zimmer, 1953 #4319].
16 For transfer of this and S. phelpsi from Cypseloides see Marin & Stiles (1992) [Marin, 1992 #2490]; they form a superspecies (Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
17 Includes C. nubicola; see Friedmann et al. (1950) [Friedmann, 1950 #10178].
18 For recognition of some taxa see Parkes (1994) [Parkes, 1994 #2947].
19 Includes mamberana; see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
20 Includes marwitzi; see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
21 The use of the spelling Raphidura sabini in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] was a typographical error.
22 Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094] suggested a senior synonym coracina Boie, 1844, be used but made no mention of use since 1899; thus this may be presumed to be a nomen oblitum.
23 Dual original spellings; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
24 For recognition see Fry (1988) [Fry, 1988 #1625], who implicitly included madaraszi Keve, 1959 [Keve, 1959 #2210].
25 For treatment as a separate species from C. spinicaudus see Marin (2000) [Marin, 2000 #2492]; thus treated here as allospecies.
26 Includes aethalea and latirostris Zimmer & Phelps, 1952 [Zimmer, 1952 #4317]; see Marin (2000) [Marin, 2000 #2492].
27 Correct original spelling. Invariable; noun phrase in apposition.
28 Considered by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686] to form a superspecies with C. cinereiventris and C. egregia, but relationships among the three uncertain, the latter two may be sympatric.
29 Includes pachiteae Meise, 1964 [Meise, 1964 #2650]; see Marin (2000) [Marin, 2000 #2492]. Formerly considered conspecific with C. cinereiventris but see Pinto & Camargo (1954) [Pinto, 1954 #13807].
30 For treatment as a subspecies of C. vauxi see Sutton (1941) [Sutton, 1941 #3786].
31 For recognition see Binford (1989) [Binford, 1989 #303].
32 For treatment as a subspecies of C. vauxi see Sutton (1941) [Sutton, 1941 #3786].
33 Includes aphanes Wetmore & Phelps, Jr., 1956 [Wetmore, 1956 #4140]; see Marín (1997) [Marín, 1997 #2491] and Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477].
34 Considered to form a superspecies with C. vauxi and C. chapmani (then also including C. viridipennis) by Mayr & Short (1970) [Mayr, 1970 #2566].
35 For treatment as a separate species from C. chapmani see Marin (1997) [Marin, 1997 #2491]; thus we treat them as allospecies.
36 For treatment as a separate species from C. andrei see Marin (1997) [Marin, 1997 #2491].
37 Treated as a separate species by Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
38 For recognition see Zimmer (1953) [Zimmer, 1953 #4319].
39 The subspecies formosana was transferred to H. cochinchinensis by Mees (1973) [Mees, 1973 #2617] and is now in its synonymy (Mees, 1977) [Mees, 1977 #2622].
40 Includes bourreti David-Beaulieu, 1944 [David-Beaulieu, 1944 #1126]; see Dickinson (1970) [Dickinson, 1970 #1357].
41 Includes ernsti, formosana and rupchandi Biswas, 1951 [Biswas, 1951 #313]; see Mees (1973, 1977) [Mees, 1973 #2617] [Mees, 1977 #2622].
42 For treatment as a species see Collins & Brooke (1976) [Collins, 1976 #6018] and Mees (1985) [Mees, 1985 #4410].
43 Includes dubia and manobo Salomonsen, 1953 [Salomonsen, 1953 #3451]; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
44 Conservative treatment in the retention of Hydrochous, Collocalia and Aerodramus reflects concerns in this difficult group about lack of detail regarding exact geographic origin of specimens screened in molecular studies and inherent problems of original identification reflected in old names retained museum on labels.
45 Species sequence based on Price et al. (2005) [Price, 2005 #10026]. Clayton & Johnson (2000) [Clayton, 2000 #986] showed that troglodytes echolocates and thus the two clades in Price et al. (2005) are not separable by whether taxa echolocate or not, i.e. Aerodramus which do and Collocalia which supposedly do not.
46 Found to echolocate, see Price et al. (2004) [Price, 2004 #3131], but faintly glossed and probably best retained in the genus Collocalia; rather than putting with the grey swiftlets Aerodramus.
47 For treatment as a separate species from C. esculenta see Somadikarta (1986) [Somadikarta, 1986 #3679], Price et al. (2004) [Price, 2004 #3131], and Thomassen et al. (2005) [Thomassen, 2005 #10092].
48 Includes plesseni Meise, 1941 [Meise, 1941 #2648]; see Somadikarta (1986) [Somadikarta, 1986 #3679].
49 Somadikarta (1986) [Somadikarta, 1986 #3679] thought birds from Penida (type not then traced) to be nominate linchi. However, Penida lies between Bali and Lombok, and the proposed distribution is unlikely; we omit Nusa Penida from the range statements, and we suspect that plesseni will take priority over dedii.
50 May merit treatment as separate species (Moyle et al. 2008) [Moyle, 2008 #10689] but recognition deferred pending assessment of relatedness of other forms in the esculenta + linchi complex.
51 Breeding sites not yet known to Cranbrook et al. (2005) [Cranbrook, 2005 #6036].
52 Probably consists of multiple species (Clayton & Johnson 2000) [Clayton, 2000 #986], Price et al. (2004, 2005) [Price, 2004 #3131] [Price, 2005 #10026], Thomassen et al. (2005) [Thomassen, 2005 #10092] and Moyle et al. (2008) [Moyle, 2008 #10689], but many taxa not yet sampled. Subspecies groups reflect treatment of Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
53 Insufficient evidence has been proposed to warrant assigning this taxon to C. linchi; see Christidis & Boles (2008) [Christidis, 2008 #11602].
54 Correct original spelling. Spelling isonata in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
55 Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] treated Philippine birds as C. marginata; but see Dickinson (1990) [Dickinson, 1990 #1360]. Clayton & Johnson (2000) [Clayton, 2000 #986] found significant differences between two Philippine populations (marginata and bagobo) but for these to be assessed far more subspecies of esculenta need to be screened to derive limits to any species that are to be split.
56 Includes mindanensis Hachisuka, 1941 [Hachisuka, 1941 #1858]; see Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
57 Includes nubila Ripley, 1959 [Ripley, 1959 #3308]; see Mees (1965) [Mees, 1965 #2608].
58 Includes kalili Salomonsen, 1983 [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457] as heinrothi is a prior name from within the same West Bismarck range.
59 Includes hypogrammica Salomonsen, 1983 [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]; see Mayr & Diamond (2001) [Mayr, 2001 #10562] who, as First Revisers, chose spilogaster as senior (Art. 24.2.2, I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059].
60 For suggested placement in Hydrochous see Price et al. (2005) [Price, 2005 #10026], but see also Thomassen et al. (2005) [Thomassen, 2005 #10092].
61 Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] included orientalis which was revised by Salomonsen (1983) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457]. Very widely misidentified until recently; the identity and distribution of Philippine forms claimed to be this species were reviewed by Dickinson (1989) [Dickinson, 1989 #1359].
62 For treatment as a separate species from C. whiteheadi; see Salomonsen (1983) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457].
63 May consist of more than one species (Rheindt & Hutchinson 2007) [Rheindt, 2007 #10835].
64 The date 1922 used by Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] was a typographical error.
65 For treatment as a separate species from A. spodiopygius see Lee et al. (1996) [Lee, 1996 #10224] and Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
66 Includes inopina and pellos; see Deignan (1955) [Deignan, 1955 #1231], but note subsequent reservations, e.g. by Medway (1966) [Medway, 1966 #2596].
67 An enigmatic and unresolved form (or forms); see Wells (1999) [Wells, 1999 #4118].
68 Breeding records from Sumatra have been discrediteded (Wells, 1975) [Wells, 1975 #4115], and the purported Philippine subspecies detached (Dickinson, 1989) [Dickinson, 1989 #1359]; thus this taxon may be a separate species, see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
69 For circumscription and use in place of the name lowi, see Deignan (1955) [Deignan, 1955 #1233].
70 A report by Medway (1962) [Medway, 1962 #2595] that both brevirostris and maximus specimens are known from Bhutan and S Tibet was contradicted by Grimmett et al. (1998) [Grimmett, 1998 #1822].
71 For treatment as a separate species from A. leucophaeus see Somadikarta (1994) [Somadikarta, 1994 #3680]; not followed by Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
72 For separation from A. vanikorensis see Price et al. (2004, 2005) [Price, 2004 #3131] [Price, 2005 #10026].
73 Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] treated this in the 'species' lowi; for assignment to vanikorensis see Dickinson (1989) [Dickinson, 1989 #1359].
74 Circumscription follows Salomonsen (1983) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457] wherein the name yorki is senior to granti Mayr, 1937.
75 For conflicting views on rank see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
76 Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] treated this taxon as a subspecies of A. inexpectatus; Medway (1975) [Medway, 1975 #7073] treated it as a subspecies of A. vanikorensis, and from this it was split by Browning (1993) [Browning, 1993 #547].
77 For treatment as a separate species from A. vanikorensis see Browning (1993) [Browning, 1993 #547].
78 Includes apoensis; see Dickinson (1989) [Dickinson, 1989 #1359].
79 Price et al. (2004) [Price, 2004 #3131] suggested conspecificity with A. (v). palawanensis. This is contradicted by corroboration of affinity of amelis with palawanensis. See our Appendix 2.6.
80 For recognition of the new subspecies described by Salomonsen (1983) [Salomonsen, 1983 #3457] see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
81 For treatment as a separate species from A. brevirostris see Medway (1966) [Medway, 1966 #2596].
82 Classification broadly follows Medway (1966) [Medway, 1966 #2596].
83 Proximity of breeding colonies of this and vestitus in Borneo points to a need to separate this, reassessing other taxon assignments.
84 The citation in Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] should be to vol. 13 of Ser. 6 not vol. 1 of Ser. 7.
85 Formerly treated as a subspecies of A. amelis, but see Medway (1966) [Medway, 1966 #2596].
86 Includes bartelsi and implicitly javensis; see Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
87 For the resurrection of this name and circumscription of the species see Medway (1961) [Medway, 1961 #7064].
88 Wells (1975) [Wells, 1975 #4115] reported Sumatran breeding using the name vanikorensis. No formal description has yet appeared and placement with natunae is provisional.
89 Sequence of genera based on Price et al. (2005) [Price, 2005 #10026], Thomassen et al. (2005) [Thomassen, 2005 #10092] and Päckert et al. (2012) [Päckert, 2012 #13809].
90 Includes sclateri Rogers, 1939 [Rogers, 1939 #3370]; see Behle (1973) [Behle, 1973 #13808].
91 Dual original spellings; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
92 Placed in a monotypic genus Micropanyptila by Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010], but see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
93 Placed in genus Reinarda by Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010], but see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
94 Chantler (1999) implicitly included orientalis Pinto & de Camargo, 1961 [Pinto, 1961 #3088] in nominate squamata, but this taxon may have been overlooked and needs evaluation.
95 Dual original spellings; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
96 Includes veraecrucis R.T. Moore, 1947 [Moore, 1947 #2718], considered questionable by Hardy & Webber (1975) [Hardy, 1975 #14275] and Chantler (1999) [Chantler, 1999 #686].
97 For recognition see Clancey (1983) [Clancey, 1983 #918].
98 Spelling corrected by Medway (1976) [Medway, 1976 #2597].
99 For continued recognition see Päckert et al. (2012) [Päckert, 2012 #13809], but see also Thomassen et al. (2005) [Thomassen, 2005 #10092].
100 Includes obscurus Trischitta, 1939 [Trischitta, 1939 #3879]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #3967].
101 Includes striatus; see Mackworth-Praed & Grant (1957) [Mackworth-Praed, 1957 #2465].
102 For recognition see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
103 For recognition see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
104 For recognition see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191] and Louette (1981) [Louette, 1981 #13691]. But see also Chantler (1995) [Chantler, 1995 #685].
105 Includes schubotzi and reichenowi; see Brooke (1971) [Brooke, 1971 #14184].
106 Leader (2011) [Leader, 2011 #13222] proposed treating A. pacificus as multiple species; this is the strongest candidate for removal but clusters with A. acuticauda, see Päckert et al. (2012) [Päckert, 2012 #13809] and pending further study is best treated within that species.
107 Includes rupchandi Koelz, 1954 [Koelz, 1954 #2250]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
108 Correct original spelling. Invariable; noun phrase in apposition.
109 Peters (1940) [Peters, 1940 #3010] attributed this name to Blyth, but it was published earlier by Jerdon (Ripley 1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
110 For proposed splits see Leader (2011) [Leader, 2011 #13222].
111 For recognition see Leader (2011) [Leader, 2011 #13222].
112 Includes shiraii Mishima, 1960 [Mishima, 1960 #2693]; see Stepanyan (1990) [Stepanyan, 1990 #3721].
113 See Leader (2011) [Leader, 2011 #13222] for suggested use of earlier name kurodae, but type could represent nominate pacificus.
114 Treated as monotypic following Brooke (1964) [Brooke, 1964 #14185], thus including streubelii and ansorgei.
115 The name toulsoni may refer to a local colour morph (Brooke, 1971) [Brooke, 1971 #505].
116 Treated as a separate species from A. affinis by Brooke (1971) [Brooke, 1971 #504] and tentatively retained although evidence not wholly conclusive. For treatment within a broad species see Rasmussen & Anderton (2005) [Rasmussen, 2005 #4749].
117 Mees (2006) [Mees, 2006 #7094] reported breeding in Sulawesi; the identity of this population awaits confirmation.
118 For correct date see Dickinson & Pittie (2006) [Dickinson, 2006 #9467].
119 The name abessynicus Streubel, 1848 [Streubel, 1848 #3771] has been suppressed; see Opinion 1011 (I.C.Z.N., 1974) [I.C.Z.N., 1974 #9449].
120 Includes gyrator Clancey, 1980 [Clancey, 1980 #904]; see Chantler & Driessens (1995) [Chantler, 1995 #685].
121 Includes kapnodes Friedmann, 1964 [Friedmann, 1964 #1610]; see White (1967) [White, 1967 #4192].
122 Perhaps conspecific with A. barbatus; see Päckert et al. (2012) [Päckert, 2012 #13809]; however, identification of sampled specimens requires confirmation.
123 For recognition see Louw in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
124 For correct date see date de dêpot légal (Dickinson et al. 2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
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