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CRACIDAE - Guans and Curassows1 (11:54)
CHAMAEPETES Wagler, 1832 M - Ortalida goudotii Lesson, 1828; type by monotypy  
Chamaepetes unicolor   Salvin, 1867 Black Guan
iMountains of Costa Rica and Panama
Chamaepetes goudotii2 Sickle-winged Guan
sanctaemarthae Chapman, 1912 Santa Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
goudotii (Lesson, 1828) Andes of Colombia (Antioquia and Cundinamarca to Cauca)
fagani C. Chubb, 1917 W slope of W Andes in S Colombia (Nariño) and NW Ecuador
tschudii Taczanowski, 1886 E slope of E Andes from S Colombia (Nariño) to N Peru (La Libertad, San Martín)
rufiventris (von Tschudi, 1843) vE slope of Andes from C Peru (Huánuco) to N Bolivia (La Paz)
PENELOPINA Reichenbach, 1862 F - Penelope niger Fraser, 1852; type by monotypy  
Penelopina nigra 3  (Fraser, 1852) Highland Guan
vMountains of S Mexico (SE Oaxaca and Chiapas) to W Nicaragua
PENELOPE Merrem, 1786 F - Penelope marail Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (Lesson, 1828, Manuel d'Ornithologie, 2, p. 214). = Phasianus marail Statius Muller, 1776  
Penelope argyrotis4 Band-tailed Guan
colombiana Todd, 1912 vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
albicauda W.H. Phelps, Sr. & Gilliard, 19405 Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Phelps, 1940 #3025]
argyrotis (Bonaparte, 1856)6 vAndes of NE Colombia and SW Venezuela; Coastal Range of Venezuela
Penelope barbata 7  Chapman, 1921 Bearded Guan
vW slope of Andes in S Ecuador and NW Peru
Penelope ortoni 8  Salvin, 1874 Baudo Guan
iW Colombia, W Ecuador
Penelope montagnii Andean Guan
montagnii (Bonaparte, 1856) Sierra de Perijá; Andes of W Venezuela, E and C Andes of Colombia
atrogularis Hellmayr & Conover, 1932 vW slope of Andes in S Colombia (Nariño) and Ecuador
brooki C. Chubb, 1917 E slope of Andes in S Colombia (Nariño) and Ecuador
plumosa von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 vE slope of Andes in Peru
sclateri G.R. Gray, 1860 E slope of Andes in Bolivia
Penelope marail9 Marail Guan
marail (Statius Muller, 1776)10 E Venezuela (south of R. Orinoco) and the Guianas
jacupeba von Spix, 182511 N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east of R. Branco)
Penelope superciliaris12 Rusty-margined Guan
superciliaris Temminck, 181513 vNC Brazil south of R. Amazon (R. Madeira east to R. Araguaia and south to Rondônia and S Pará)
jacupemba von Spix, 182514 E and C Brazil (Maranhão east to Pernambuco and south to Paraná) and E Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
alagoensis Nardelli, 199315 vNE Brazil (Alagoas) [Nardelli, 1993 #2749]
major W. Bertoni, 1901 vSE Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Penelope dabbenei 16  Hellmayr & Conover, 1942 Red-faced Guan
iE slope of Andes from S Bolivia (Chuquisaca) to NW Argentina (Salta) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946]
Penelope purpurascens Crested Guan
purpurascens Wagler, 1830 NE and NW Mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua
aequatorialis Salvadori & Festa, 1900 vS Honduras to N Colombia, and south to NW Peru
brunnescens Hellmayr & Conover, 1932 NE Colombia and N Venezuela
Penelope perspicax 17  Bangs, 1911 Cauca Guan
iW and C Andes of Colombia
Penelope albipennis 18  Taczanowski, 1878 White-winged Guan
vNW Peru (Piura, Lambayeque, Cajamarca)
Penelope jacquacu19 Spix's Guan
1 granti von Berlepsch, 190820 E Venezuela (south of R. Orinoco) and Guyana
1 orienticola Todd, 1932 S Venezuela (Amazonas) and NW Brazil (north of R. Amazon in Amazonas and Roraima)
2 jacquacu von Spix, 1825 Amazonia south of R. Amazon (east to R. Tapajós and south to NE Bolivia)
2 speciosa Todd, 1915 vE Bolivia
Penelope obscura21 Dusky-legged Guan
bridgesi G.R. Gray, 1860 Andean foothills of C Bolivia (Cochabamba) to NW Argentina (Catamarca and Tucumán)
bronzina Hellmayr, 1914 vSE Brazil (Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina)
obscura Temminck, 1815 vS Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, Uruguay, NE Argentina
Penelope pileata   Wagler, 1830 White-crested Guan
vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós)
Penelope ochrogaster   von Pelzeln, 1870 Chestnut-bellied Guan
iSC Brazil (S Mato Grosso to W Minas Gerais)
Penelope jacucaca 22  von Spix, 1825 White-browed Guan
iE Brazil (Ceará and W Paraíba to S Bahia)
ABURRIA Reichenbach, 1853 F - Penelope carunculata Reichenbach, 1853; type by monotypy and virtual tautonymy = Penelope aburri Lesson, 1828  
Aburria aburri   (Lesson, 1828) Wattled Guan
iSierra de Perijá; Andes from W Venezuela to SC Peru (Cuzco)
PIPILE Bonaparte, 1856 M - Penelope leucolophos Merrem, 1786; type by tautonymy = Crax pipile von Jacquin, 1784  23
Pipile pipile 24  (von Jacquin, 1784) Trinidad Piping Guan
Trinidad
Pipile cumanensis Blue-throated Piping Guan
cumanensis (von Jacquin, 1784)25 vThe Guianas to E Ecuador, E Peru, NW Brazil
grayi (von Pelzeln, 1870)26 SE Peru, E Bolivia, SW Brazil, NE Paraguay
Pipile cujubi27 Red-throated Piping Guan
nattereri Reichenbach, 186128,29 αC Amazonian Brazil (R. Purus east to upper R. Araguaia and south to Mato Grosso) to E Bolivia (NE Santa Cruz)
cujubi (von Pelzeln, 1858) E Amazonian Brazil (lower R. Madeira to N Pará)
Pipile jacutinga   (von Spix, 1825) Black-fronted Piping Guan
SE Brazil (S Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones, E Corrientes), SE Paraguay
ORTALIS Merrem, 1786 F - Phasianus motmot Linnaeus, 1766; type by original designation  30
Ortalis vetula Plain Chachalaca
mccalli S.F. Baird, 185831,32 δS USA (S Texas) and NE Mexico (south to N Veracruz)
vetula (Wagler, 1830)33 E Mexico (S Veracruz, Campeche and S Quintana Roo) to NW Costa Rica
pallidiventris Ridgway, 1887 vSE Mexico (N Yucatan Pen.)
deschauenseei J. Bond, 1936 Isla de Utila (off N Honduras) [Bond, 1936 #421]
Ortalis cinereiceps 34,35  G.R. Gray, 1867 Gray-headed Chachalaca
iSE Honduras to NW Colombia (NW Chocó)
Ortalis garrula 36  (von Humboldt, 1805) Chestnut-winged Chachalaca
vN Colombia (Antioquia to Magdalena)
Ortalis ruficauda Rufous-vented Chachalaca
ruficrissa P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 187037,38 NE Colombia (Guajira, NE Cesar) and NW Venezuela (NW Zulia)
ruficauda Jardine, 1847 NE Colombia (Norte de Santander, N Arauca), N and NE Venezuela, Tobago; Bequia and Union (the Grenadines)
Ortalis erythroptera   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1870 Rufous-headed Chachalaca
vW Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes and Piura)
Ortalis wagleri 39,40  G.R. Gray, 1867 Rufous-bellied Chachalaca
iN and W Mexico (S Sonora to N Jalisco)
Ortalis poliocephala 41,42  (Wagler, 1830) West Mexican Chachalaca
vW Mexico (C Jalisco to SW Chiapas)
Ortalis canicollis Chaco Chachalaca
pantanalensis Cherrie & Reichenberger, 192143,44 vSW Brazil (SW Mato Grosso)
canicollis (Wagler, 1830) vSE Bolivia, W Paraguay, N Argentina
Ortalis leucogastra 45  (Gould, 1843) White-bellied Chachalaca
vPacific slope from S Mexico (S Chiapas) to NW Nicaragua
Ortalis columbiana 46,47  Hellmayr, 1906 δ Colombian Chachalaca
vNC Colombia (Magdalena and Cauca valleys)
Ortalis guttata Speckled Chachalaca
guttata (von Spix, 1825)48 vE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia and W Brazil
subaffinis Todd, 1932 vNE and E Bolivia and adjacent W Brazil
Ortalis araucuan 49  (von Spix, 1825) East Brazilian Chachalaca
E Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo)
Ortalis squamata 50,51  Lesson, 1829 Scaled Chachalaca
vSE Brazil (SE Mato Grosso to Rio Grande do Sul)
Ortalis motmot52 Variable Chachalaca
motmot (Linnaeus, 1766) S Venezuela, the Guianas, NE Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
ruficeps (Wagler, 1830)53 E Brazil south of R. Amazon (R. Tapajós to R. Araguaia)
Ortalis superciliaris 54  G.R. Gray, 1867 Buff-browed Chachalaca
vE Brazil (E Pará to Piauí and N Tocantins)
OREOPHASIS G.R. Gray, 1844 M - Oreophasis derbianus G.R. Gray, 1844; type by monotypy  
Oreophasis derbianus   G.R. Gray, 1844 Horned Guan
vMountains of S Mexico (SE Oaxaca and Chiapas) to C Guatemala
NOTHOCRAX Burmeister, 1856 M - Crax urumutum von Spix, 1825; type by monotypy  
Nothocrax urumutum   (von Spix, 1825) Nocturnal Curassow
iW Amazonia from S Venezuela to E Ecuador and N Peru
CRAX Linnaeus, 1758 F - Crax rubra Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (Ridgway, 1896, A Manual of North American Birds, ed. 2, p. 207).  55
Crax rubra Great Curassow
rubra Linnaeus, 1758 vE Mexico (S Tamaulipas) to W Colombia and W Ecuador
griscomi Nelson, 1926 Isla de Cozumel (off Yucatan Pen.)
Crax alberti 56  Fraser, 1852 Blue-billed Curassow
iN Colombia (Guajira to NE Antioquia and W Boyacá)
Crax daubentoni 57  G.R. Gray, 1867 Yellow-knobbed Curassow
iN Venezuela (north of R. Orinoco) and adjacent NE Colombia
Crax alector58 Black Curassow
alector Linnaeus, 1766 Extreme E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
erythrognatha P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 187759 vE Colombia and Venezuela (south of R. Orinoco) [Sclater, 1877 #14188]
Crax fasciolata60 Bare-faced Curassow
grayi Ogilvie-Grant, 189361 E Bolivia (Beni)
fasciolata von Spix, 182562 vEC and SW Brazil, Paraguay and N Argentina
pinima von Pelzeln, 187063 NE Brazil (N Maranhão and NE Pará)
Crax globulosa   von Spix, 1825 Wattled Curassow
vW Amazonia from S Colombia to N Bolivia
Crax blumenbachii   von Spix, 1825 Red-billed Curassow
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia to Rio de Janeiro)
MITU Lesson, 1831 N - Ourax mitu Temminck, 1822; type by tautonymy = Crax mitu Linnaeus, 1766  64
Mitu tomentosum   (von Spix, 1825) Crestless Curassow
vSE Colombia, NW Brazil, S Venezuela, Guyana
Mitu salvini   Reinhardt, 1879 Salvin's Curassow
iW Amazonia from S Colombia to N Peru
Mitu tuberosum 65  (von Spix, 1825) Razor-billed Curassow
vAmazonia (south of R. Amazon) [von Spix, 1825 #13768]
†? Mitu mitu   (Linnaeus, 1766) Alagoas Curassow
iNE Brazil (E Pernambuco to N Bahia)66
PAUXI Temminck, 1813 F - Crax pauxi Linnaeus, 1766; type by tautonymy  
Pauxi pauxi Helmeted Curassow
gilliardi Wetmore & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1943 Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Wetmore, 1943 #4130]
pauxi (Linnaeus, 1766) Andes of NE Colombia (Norte de Santander to Boyacá) and W Venezuela; Coastal Range of Venezuela
Pauxi koepckeae 67  Weske & Terborgh, 1971 Sira Curassow
Mountains of C Peru (Cerros del Sira in Huánuco) [Weske, 1971 #4451]
Pauxi unicornis 68  J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 Horned Curassow
vFoothills of Andes in C Bolivia (Cochabamba) [Bond, 1939 #422]

1 Sequence of genera derived from Pereira et al. (2009) [Pereira, 2009 #11748], who also showed that the boundaries of traditional subfamilies were uncertain.
2 Forms a superspecies with C. unicolor; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
3 Includes dickeyi van Rossem, 1934 [van Rossem, 1934 #3923], and rufescens van Rossem, 1934 [van Rossem, 1934 #3923]; see Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10438].
4 Forms a superspecies with P. barbata; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
5 For recognition see del Hoyo (1994) [del Hoyo, 1994 #29], but see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970] and Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
6 Includes olivaceiceps and mesaea Conover, 1945 [Conover, 1945 #1042]; see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970].
7 Formerly treated as conspecific with P. argyrotis but see Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885]. Includes inexpectata Carriker, 1934 [Carriker, 1934 #667]; see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970].
8 Treated as a subspecies of P. montagnii by Vuilleumier (1965) [Vuilleumier, 1965 #13947] but see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970].
9 Considered to form a superspecies with P. superciliaris by Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890].
10 For choice of P.L. Statius Muller rather than P.L.S. Müller see fn. p. 170 in Holthuis & Junge (1958) [Holthuis, 1958 #10215].
11 For recognition see Vaurie (1964) [Vaurie, 1964 #8366].
12 Includes cyanosparius Nardelli, 1993 [Nardelli, 1993 #2749]; see Appendix 2.2.
13 Includes pseudonyma Neumann, 1933 [Neumann, 1933 #2759]; see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
14 Includes argyromitra Neumann, 1933 [Neumann, 1933 #2759], and ochromitra Neumann, 1933 [Neumann, 1933 #2759]; see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970].
15 For recognition see Silveira & Olmos (2003) [Silveira, 2003 #13994] and Silveira et al. (2003) [Silveira, 2003 #13995].
16 New name for nigrifrons Dabbene, 1918, preoccupied by Penelope nigrifrons Lesson, 1831, a synonym of Pipile jacutinga von Spix, 1825; provided by Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
17 Treated as a subspecies of P. jacquacu by Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3969] and of P. purpurascens by Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and Meyer de Schauensee (1970) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678], but see Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885].
18 For recognition as a species see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3969] and Eley (1982) [Eley, 1982 #13928].
19 For treatment as a separate species from P. obscura (including granti, orienticola and speciosa as subspecies) see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3969].
20 For recognition see Vaurie (1966) [Vaurie, 1966 #3970].
21 Forms a superspecies with P. purpurascens, P. perspicax, P. albipennis and P. jacquacu; see Haffer (1987) [Haffer, 1987 #13890].
22 Forms a superspecies with P. pileata and P. ochrogaster; see Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885].
23 Included in Aburria by Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885], Grau et al. (2005) [Grau, 2005 #1768] and Frank-Hoeflich et al. (2007) [Frank-Hoeflich, 2007 #9854].
24 Forms a superspecies with P. cumanensis and P. cujubi. Species limits in this group uncertain; see Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885]. For treatment as a separate species from P. cumanensis, see del Hoyo (1994) [del Hoyo, 1994 #29].
25 Includes Pipile jacou Reichenbach, 1862 [Reichenbach, 1862 #7468]; see Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10437].
26 For continued recognition see Gyldenstolpe (1945) [Gyldenstolpe, 1945 #1845] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10437].
27 For treatment as a separate species from P. pipile see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10437].
28 Includes naumburgae; see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10437].
29 Formerly treated as a subspecies of A. cumanensis but these two are marginally sympatric in Mato Grosso; see del Hoyo (1994) [del Hoyo, 1994 #29].
30 Although various superspecies combinations have been designated by various authors, the parapatric distributions of all the species suggest that together they form a single superspecies (del Hoyo 1994) [del Hoyo, 1994 #29].
31 Spelling selected by a First Reviser; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541].
32 For recognition see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1846].
33 Includes jalapensis, intermedia, plumbiceps, and vallicola Brodkorb, 1942 [Brodkorb, 1942 #496]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8367].
34 Includes frantzii, mira, olivacea Aldrich & Boie, 1937 [Aldrich, 1937 #38] and chocoensis Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 [Meyer de Schauensee, 1950 #2670]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8368] and Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326].
35 For treatment as a separate species from O. garrula, see Davis (1965) [Davis, 1965 #14187] and Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885].
36 Forms a superspecies with O. cinereiceps; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
37 Formerly treated as a separate species, but see Phelps (1943) [Phelps, 1943 #13938] and Phelps & Phelps (1958) [Phelps, 1958 #3044].
38 Includes baliola and lamprophonia Wetmore, 1953 [Wetmore, 1953 #4137]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1956 #8368] and Blake (1977) [Blake, 1977 #326]. For recogntion of baliola see Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477].
39 Includes griseiceps van Rossem, 1934 [van Rossem, 1934 #3922]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8367] and Banks (1990) [Banks, 1990 #195].
40 Treated as a subspecies of O. poliocephala by Moore & Medina (1957) [Moore, 1957 #2723] and Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8367], but see Banks (1990) [Banks, 1990 #194].
41 Forms a superspecies with O. wagleri; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
42 For treatment as separate species from O. vetula and close relationship to O. wagleri see Davis (1965) [Davis, 1965 #14187] and Banks (1990) [Banks, 1990 #195]. Includes lajuelae Moore & Medina, 1957 [Moore, 1957 #2723]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8367].
43 Includes ungeri J. Steinbacher, 1962 [Steinbacher, 1962 #3706]; see Vaurie (1964) [Vaurie, 1964 #8366].
44 May be closer to O. vetula than to canicollis; forms a subspecies group and is perhaps a distinct species; see Frank-Hoeflich et al. (2007) [Frank-Hoeflich, 2007 #9854].
45 For treatment as a separate species from O. vetula, see Davis (1965) [Davis, 1965 #14187] and Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #8367].
46 Includes caucae; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #4444]. For treatment as a separate species from O. guttata, see Donegan et al. (2010) [Donegan, 2010 #12332].
47 Correct original spelling. Spelling colombiana in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
48 Includes caquetae and adspersa; see Blake (1955) [Blake, 1955 #13922] and Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #4444].
49 For continued treatment as a separate species from O. guttata, see Sick (1993) [Sick, 1993 #10563] and Donegan et al. (2010) [Donegan, 2010 #12332].
50 Treated as a subspecies of O. araucan by Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] and of O. vetula (including araucan) by Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and most subsequent authors. But see Sick (1993) [Sick, 1993 #10563] and Donegan et al. (2010) [Donegan, 2010 #12332].
51 Includes remota Pinto, 1960 [Pinto, 1960 #3087]; see Vaurie (1965) [Vaurie, 1965 #4444].
52 Forms a superspecies with O. columbiana, O. guttata and O. superciliaris; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
53 Treated as a separate species by Sick (1993) [Sick, 1993 #10563].
54 For recognition and inclusion of Ortalis spixi, see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
55 Together, the members of this genus form a superspecies (Vaurie 1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439].
56 Includes Crax annulata; see Peters (1934) [Peters, 1934 #3007] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439]. Crax estudilloi Allen, Allen & Allen, 1977 [Allen, 1977 #48], supposedly raised from a chick captured in Bolivia, has the mtDNA of C. alberti (Joseph 1999) [Joseph, 1999 #4391] and is thus almost certainly an aviary hybrid. Crax viridirostris is a hybrid between C. alberti and C. daubentoni see Joseph (1999) [Joseph, 1999 #4391].
57 Formerly treated as a subspecies of C. alberti but see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439].
58 The name C. nigra cannot be used; see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
59 For recognition see Delacour & Amadon (1973) [Delacour, 1973 #13885] and del Hoyo (1994) [del Hoyo, 1994 #29]; but see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946].
60 Includes xavieri Nardelli, 1993 [Nardelli, 1993 #2749]; see Appendix 2.2.
61 For recognition see Hellmayr & Conover (1942) [Hellmayr, 1942 #1946] and Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439].
62 Includes sclateri; see Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439].
63 Formerly treated as a separate species but see Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10439].
64 Included in Pauxi by Frank-Hoeflich et al. (2007) [Frank-Hoeflich, 2007 #9854].
65 For recognition and treatment as a separate species from M. mitu see Grau et al. (2003) [Grau, 2003 #1767], Silveira et al. (2004) [Silveira, 2004 #10067], and Pereira & Baker (2004) [Pereira, 2004 #3004].
66 Extinct in the wild.
67 For treatment as a separate species from P. unicornis see Gastañaga Corvacho et al. (2011) [Gastañaga Corvacho, 2011 #13343].
68 Wetmore & Phelps (1943) [Wetmore, 1943 #4130] considered the two species in Pauxi as conspecific, but see Vaurie (1967) [Vaurie, 1967 #10440].
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