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TROCHILIDAE - Hummingbirds1,2 (105:338)
FLORISUGINAE
TOPAZA G.R. Gray, 1840 F - Trochilus pella Linnaeus, 1758; type by original designation  
Topaza pella Crimson Topaz
pella (Linnaeus, 1758)3 vE Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, C Amazonian Brazil (Roraima and NW Pará to E Rondônia)
smaragdulus (Bosc, 1792)4 δFrench Guiana, NC Amazonian Brazil (Amapá and C Pará from R. Tapajós to R. Xingu)
microrhyncha A.L. Butler, 1926 vNE Amazonian Brazil (NE Pará on Ilha de Marajó and east of R. Tocantins)
Topaza pyra5 Fiery Topaz
pyra (Gould, 1846) SE Colombia, S Venezuela (S Amazonas), NW Amazonian Brazil6
amaruni Hu, Joseph & Agro, 2000 E Ecuador, NW Peru (NW Loreto) [Hu Da-Shih, 2000 #2028]
FLORISUGA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Trochilus mellivorus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, p. 382).  
Florisuga mellivora White-necked Jacobin
mellivora (Linnaeus, 1758) vS Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to SW Ecuador, the Guianas and Amazonia
flabellifera (Gould, 1846) vTobago
Florisuga fusca 7  (Vieillot, 1817) Black Jacobin
vE Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte to Rio Grande do Sul), SE Paraguay, NE Argentina, N Uruguay
PHAETHORNITHINAE
EUTOXERES Reichenbach, 1849 M - Trochilus aquila Loddiges; type by subsequent monotypy (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 20). = Trochilus aquila Bourcier, 1847  
Eutoxeres aquila White-tipped Sicklebill
salvini Gould, 18688 Costa Rica to W Colombia (Valle)
heterurus Gould, 1868 vW Andes of SW Colombia (Cauca) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
aquila (Bourcier, 1847) E Andes of Colombia to N Peru (San Martín)
Eutoxeres condamini Buff-tailed Sicklebill
condamini (Bourcier, 1851) E Andean foothills of S Colombia (W Caquetá) to N Peru (Amazonas)
gracilis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 vE slope of Andes from C Peru (Huánuco) to N Bolivia (La Paz)
RAMPHODON Lesson, 1830 M - Trochilus naevius C. Dumont, 1818; type by monotypy  9
Ramphodon naevius   (C. Dumont, 1818) Saw-billed Hermit
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to E Santa Catarina)
GLAUCIS Boie, 1831 M - Trochilus brasiliensis Latham, 1790; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 13). = Trochilus hirsutus J.F. Gmelin, 1788  
Glaucis dohrnii 10  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) Hook-billed Hermit
iCoastal SE Brazil (SE Bahia, Espírito Santo)
Glaucis aeneus 11  Lawrence, 1868 α Bronzy Hermit
vNE Honduras to W Panama (W Veraguas); W Colombia (C Chocó) to NW Ecuador (S Pichincha)
Glaucis hirsutus12 Rufous-breasted Hermit
hirsutus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788)13,14 vC Panama (Colón) to the Guianas and Amazonia; NE and E Brazil
insularum Hellmayr & von Seilern, 1913 Grenada (S Lesser Antilles), Trinidad, Tobago
THRENETES Gould, 1852 M - Trochilus leucurus Linnaeus, 1766; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 20).  15
Threnetes ruckeri16 Band-tailed Barbthroat
ventosus Bangs & T.E. Penard, 1924 vS Belize and NE Guatemala to C Panama
ruckeri (Bourcier, 1847) SW Colombia (SW Nariño) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
venezuelensis Cory, 1913 vNW Venezuela (Zulia to W Barinas and W Apure)
Threnetes leucurus17 Pale-tailed Barbthroat
cervinicauda Gould, 1855 E Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón) and adjacent W Amazonian Brazil
rufigastra Cory, 1915 E Peru (south of R. Marañón) to N Bolivia (Beni)
leucurus (Linnaeus, 1766) vS and E Venezuela, Guyana and Surinam through Amazonian Brazil to NE Bolivia
medianus Hellmayr, 1929 vNE Amazonian Brazil (Pará south of R. Amazon)
Threnetes niger Sooty Barbthroat
niger (Linnaeus, 1758) vFrench Guiana and adjacent N Brazil (N Amapá)
loehkeni Grantsau, 196918,19 NE Amazonian Brazil (Amapá, NE Pará) [Grantsau, 1969 #1763]
ANOPETIA Simon, 1918 F - Phaethornis gounellei Boucard, 1891; type by original designation  20
Anopetia gounellei   (Boucard, 1891) Broad-tipped Hermit
iNE Brazil (Ceará to S Piauí and W Bahia)
PHAETHORNIS Swainson, 1827 M - Trochilus superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766; type by original designation  
Phaethornis squalidus   (Temminck, 1822) Dusky-throated Hermit
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to N Santa Catarina)
Phaethornis rupurumii21 Streak-throated Hermit
rupurumii Boucard, 1892 Extreme E Colombia (E Vichada), S and E Venezuela, W Guyana, N Brazil (Roraima)
amazonicus Hellmayr, 190622 vNC Brazil (lower R. Negro, R. Amazon east from Manaus, lower R. Tapajós)
Phaethornis longuemareus 23,24  (Lesson, 1832) Little Hermit
iNE Venezuela, the Guianas, Trinidad
Phaethornis aethopygus 25  J.T. Zimmer, 1950 Tapajos Hermit
vEC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Tapajós to R. Teles Pires and R. Curuá) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307]
Phaethornis idaliae 26  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1856) Minute Hermit
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia to SE Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro)
Phaethornis nattereri 27  von Berlepsch, 1887 Cinnamon-throated Hermit
iNE to SW Brazil (Maranhão and Piauí to Mato Grosso), NE Bolivia
Phaethornis atrimentalis28 Black-throated Hermit
atrimentalis Lawrence, 1858 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (Loreto)
riojae von Berlepsch, 188929 E Andean foothills of C Peru (San Martín to Pasco)
Phaethornis striigularis30 Stripe-throated Hermit
saturatus Ridgway, 191031 vS Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to NW Colombia (N Chocó)
subrufescens Chapman, 1917 W Colombia (S Chocó) to SW Ecuador (Guayas)
striigularis Gould, 1854 vN and C Colombia, W Venezuela
ignobilis Todd, 1913 vCoastal Range of Venezuela
Phaethornis griseogularis Gray-chinned Hermit
griseogularis Gould, 1851 vE Andes of Colombia to N Peru (San Martín); tepuis of S Venezuela and N Brazil
zonura Gould, 186032 Marañón valley of N Peru (E Cajamarca, W Amazonas)
porcullae Carriker, 193533 W slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Loja) to NW Peru (Lambayeque)
Phaethornis ruber Reddish Hermit
episcopus Gould, 1857 S and E Venezuela, Guyana, N Brazil (Roraima)
ruber (Linnaeus, 1758) vSurinam, French Guiana, C, E and S Brazil, N Bolivia, SE Peru
nigricinctus Lawrence, 1858 vSW Venezuela, NW Brazil, E and S Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru
longipennis von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 190234 vE Andean foothills of SE Peru (Pasco to N Cuzco)
Phaethornis stuarti 35  E. Hartert, 1897 White-browed Hermit
iE Andean foothills of SE Peru (S Cuzco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Phaethornis subochraceus   Todd, 1915 Buff-bellied Hermit
vEC and E Bolivia (S Beni to E Santa Cruz) and adjacent SW Brazil (SW Mato Grosso)
Phaethornis augusti Sooty-capped Hermit
curiosus Wetmore, 1956 vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia) [Wetmore, 1956 #4139]
augusti (Bourcier, 1847) Andes and Coastal Range of Venezuela; E slope of E Andes of Colombia (south to Meta)
incanescens (Simon, 1921) Tepuis of S Venezuela, W Guyana and N Brazil (Roraima)
Phaethornis pretrei 36,37  (Lesson & De Lattre, 1839) Planalto Hermit
iE Bolivia, N Argentina, E Paraguay, E and S Brazil
Phaethornis eurynome Scale-throated Hermit
eurynome (Lesson, 1832)38,39 SE Brazil (SE Bahia to N Rio Grande do Sul)
paraguayensis M. & W. Bertoni, 190140 vE Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Phaethornis anthophilus Pale-bellied Hermit
hyalinus Bangs, 1901 vArch. de las Perlas (off S Panama)
anthophilus (Bourcier, 1843)41 vEC Panama to N and C Colombia, N and W Venezuela
Phaethornis hispidus   (Gould, 1846) White-bearded Hermit
vS and SW Venezuela to E Ecuador, E Peru, NE Bolivia and W Amazonian Brazil
Phaethornis yaruqui   (Bourcier, 1851) White-whiskered Hermit
iNW Colombia (N Chocó) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Phaethornis guy Green Hermit
coruscus Bangs, 1902 vMountains of Costa Rica to NW Colombia (N Chocó)
emiliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846)42 W, C and W slope of E Andes of Colombia
apicalis (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes from W Venezuela (Lara) to SE Peru (Puno); Sierra de Perijá
guy (Lesson, 1833) αMountains of NE Venezuela (Sucre, N Monagas); Trinidad
Phaethornis syrmatophorus Tawny-bellied Hermit
syrmatophorus Gould, 1852 αvW Andes of Colombia, locally on W slope of Andes of Ecuador (south to W Loja)
columbianus Boucard, 189143 vC and E Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (San Martín)
Phaethornis koepckeae   Weske & Terborgh, 1977 Koepcke's Hermit
iLocally on E slope of Andes and outlying ridges of Peru [Weske, 1977 #4125]
Phaethornis philippii 44  (Bourcier, 1847) Needle-billed Hermit
iSW Amazonia (south of R. Amazon in E Peru, N Bolivia and W Brazil east to R. Tapajós)
Phaethornis bourcieri Straight-billed Hermit
bourcieri (Lesson, 1832)45 E Ecuador, NE Peru, SE Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas and N Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
major Hinkelmann, 1989 vC Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon along east bank of R. Tapajós) [Hinkelmann, 1989 #1970]
Phaethornis longirostris46 Long-billed Hermit
griseoventer A.R. Phillips, 1962 Pacific slope of W Mexico (Nayarit to Colima) [Phillips, 1962 #3061]
mexicanus E. Hartert, 1897 vPacific slope of SW Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca)
longirostris (De Lattre, 1843)47 vS Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to N Honduras
cephalus (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848)48 E Honduras to NC Colombia (N Santander)
susurrus Bangs, 190149 δvSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia); Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border)
baroni E. Hartert, 189750 NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas) to NW Peru (N Piura)
Phaethornis superciliosus Long-tailed Hermit
superciliosus (Linnaeus, 1766)51 vS and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
muelleri Hellmayr, 191152 E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
Phaethornis malaris53 Great-billed Hermit
malaris (von Nordmann, 1835) vSurinam, French Guiana, N Brazil (Amapá)
insolitus J.T. Zimmer, 1950 vE Colombia (Guainia, Vaupés), SW Venezuela (SW Amazonas), NW Brazil (NW Amazonas) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307]
moorei Lawrence, 185854 C and S Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón)
ochraceiventris Hellmayr, 190755 vNE Peru (south of R. Marañón, east of R. Ucayali), W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
bolivianus Gould, 186156 vSE Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz) and C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R.Tapajós)
margarettae Ruschi, 197257 Coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo) [Ruschi, 1972 #3421]
POLYTMINAE5858
DORYFERA Gould, 1847 F - Trochilus ludovicae Bourcier & Mulsant, 1847; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22).  59
Doryfera ludovicae Green-fronted Lancebill
veraguensis Salvin, 1867 vMountains of Costa Rica to WC Panama (Veraguas)
ludovicae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1847)60 Mountains of E Panama (E Darién); Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Doryfera johannae Blue-fronted Lancebill
johannae (Bourcier, 1847) E Andes of C Colombia (S Boyacá) to C Peru (Junín)
guianensis (Boucard, 1893) vTepuis of S Venezuela, W Guyana and N Brazil (Roraima)
SCHISTES Gould, 1852 M - Trochilus geoffroyi Bourcier, 1843; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 24).  61
Schistes geoffroyi Wedge-billed Hummingbird
albogularis Gould, 185262 αvW Andes and W slope of C Andes of Colombia, W slope of Andes of Ecuador
geoffroyi (Bourcier, 1843) Sierra de Perijá; Coastal Range of Venezuela; Andes of Venezuela to S Peru (N Cuzco)
chapmani Berlioz, 194163 E slope of Andes of S Peru (S Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba) [Berlioz, 1941 #283]
AUGASTES Gould, 1849 M - Trochilus superbus Vieillot, 1822; type by monotypy = Trochilus scutatus Temminck, 1824  64
Augastes scutatus65 Hyacinth Visorbearer
scutatus (Temminck, 1824) vMountains of E Brazil (high altitudes of Serra do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais)
ilseae Grantsau, 1967 Mountains of E Brazil (moderate altitudes of Serra do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais) [Grantsau, 1967 #1761]
soaresi Ruschi, 1963 E Brazil (R. Piracicaba basin in SE Minas Gerais) [Ruschi, 1963 #3419]
Augastes lumachella 66  (Lesson, 1839) Θ Hooded Visorbearer
iMountains of NE Brazil (Chapada Diamantina in C Bahia)
COLIBRI von Spix, 1824 M - Trochilus serrirostris Vieillot, 1816; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 21).  
Colibri delphinae 67  (Lesson, 1839) Brown Violetear
iMountains of NE Guatemala to Panama; Venezuela and Colombia to Bolivia; Trinidad; E Brazil (Serra do Sincora in C Bahia)
Colibri thalassinus Green Violetear
1 thalassinus (Swainson, 1827)68 vHighlands of C Mexico (Jalisco, S San Luis Potosí) to NC Nicaragua
2 cabanidis (F. Heine, Sr., 1863) Mountains of Costa Rica and W Panama (W Chiriquí)
2 cyanotus (Bourcier, 1843) vSanta Marta Mts.; Sierra de Perijá; W Coastal Range of Venezuela; Andes of Venezuela to Ecuador
2 kerdeli Aveledo & Perez, 199169 Mountains of NE Venezuela (Sucre, N Monagas) [Aveledo, 1991 #118]
2 crissalis Todd, 194270 vE slope of Andes of Peru to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz); Andes of NW Argentina (Tucumán)
Colibri coruscans Sparkling Violetear
coruscans (Gould, 1846) Santa Marta Mts.; Sierra de Perijá; W Coastal Range of Venezuela; Andes of Venezuela to N Chile and NW Argentina
germanus (Salvin & Godman, 1884)71 vTepuis of S Venezuela, W Guyana and N Brazil (Roraima)
Colibri serrirostris   (Vieillot, 1816) White-vented Violetear
vE Bolivia, C Paraguay, E and S Brazil (Bahia to Mato Grosso do Sul and Santa Catarina), N Argentina
ANDRODON Gould, 1863 M - Androdon aequatorialis Gould, 1863; type by monotypy  72
Androdon aequatorialis   Gould, 1863 Tooth-billed Hummingbird
vE Panama (E Darién), W and NC Colombia, NW Ecuador (south to W Pichincha)
HELIACTIN Boie, 1831 F - Trochilus bilophus Temminck, 1820; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  
Heliactin bilophus 73  (Temminck, 1820) α Horned Sungem
S Surinam; C and E Brazil (S Maranhão to Alagoas, São Paulo and S Mato Grosso), E Bolivia (E Santa Cruz) [Temminck, 1820 #11088]
HELIOTHRYX Boie, 1831 M - Trochilus auritus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  
Heliothryx barroti 74  (Bourcier, 1843) Purple-crowned Fairy
iSE Mexico (SE Tabasco, NE Chiapas) to W and NC Colombia and SW Ecuador (W Loja)
Heliothryx auritus75 Black-eared Fairy
auritus (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vNW and N Amazonia (north of R. Amazon) and the Guianas
phainolaemus Gould, 1855 vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
auriculatus (von Nordmann, 1835) vW and S Amazonia (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Tapajós); E Brazil (Pernambuco to São Paulo)
POLYTMUS Brisson, 1760 M - Polytmus Brisson; type by tautonymy = Trochilus thaumantias Linnaeus, 1766  76
Polytmus guainumbi77 White-tailed Goldenthroat
andinus Simon, 192178 vE Colombia (Meta, Vichada)
guainumbi (Pallas, 1764) Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (coastal Amapá), Trinidad
thaumantias (Linnaeus, 1766) Extreme SE Peru, N and E Bolivia, E and S Brazil, E Paraguay, NE Argentina
Polytmus milleri 79  (Chapman, 1929) Tepui Goldenthroat
iTepuis of S and SE Venezuela
Polytmus theresiae80 Green-tailed Goldenthroat
theresiae (da Silva Maia, 1843) The Guianas, NE and C Amazonian Brazil (west to lower R. Negro and R. Madeira)
leucorrhous P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1867 vE Colombia, SW Venezuela, NW Amazonian Brazil (upper R. Negro); NE and SE Peru (Loreto; Pampas de Heath)
AVOCETTULA Reichenbach, 1849 F - Ornismya avocetta Lesson, 1832; type by subsequent monotypy (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 23). = Trochilus recurvirostris Swainson, 1822  81
Avocettula recurvirostris   (Swainson, 1822) Fiery-tailed Awlbill
vE Venezuela, the Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós); E Ecuador
CHRYSOLAMPIS Boie, 1831 F - Trochilus mosquitus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  
Chrysolampis mosquitus   (Linnaeus, 1758) Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
iColombia to the Guianas, E and C Brazil and E Bolivia
ANTHRACOTHORAX Boie, 1831 M - Trochilus violicauda Boddaert, 1783; type by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Classif. Syn. Trochilidae, p. 37). = Trochilus viridigula Boddaert, 1783  
Anthracothorax viridigula   (Boddaert, 1783) Green-throated Mango
iNE Venezuela, Trinidad, the Guianas, N Brazil (R. Amazon east of R. Negro to N Maranhão)
Anthracothorax prevostii Green-breasted Mango
prevostii (Lesson, 1832) E and S Mexico (S Tamaulipas, E Guerrero) to Guatemala and Belize
gracilirostris Ridgway, 1910 vEl Salvador and Honduras to C Costa Rica
hendersoni (Cory, 1887)82 Isla de San Andrés, Isla de Providencia (W Caribbean)
viridicordatus Cory, 1913 vNE Colombia (Guajira Pen.), N Venezuela (Zulia to Sucre)
Anthracothorax veraguensis 83  Reichenbach, 1855 Veraguas Mango
vPacific slope of SW Costa Rica to C Panama (Coclé)
Anthracothorax nigricollis84 Black-throated Mango
iridescens (Gould, 1861)85 NW Ecuador (W Esmeraldas) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
nigricollis (Vieillot, 1817) vWC Panama (Veraguas) to C Colombia, E Bolivia, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
Anthracothorax dominicus Antillean Mango
dominicus (Linnaeus, 1766) vHispaniola, Ile de la Tortue, Ile de la Gonâve, Ile-à-Vache, Isla Beata
aurulentus (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) vPuerto Rico, Vieques I., Isla de Culebra, Virgin Is.
Anthracothorax viridis   (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) Green Mango
vPuerto Rico
Anthracothorax mango   (Linnaeus, 1758) Jamaican Mango
iJamaica
EULAMPIS Boie, 1831 M - Trochilus auratus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 13). = Trochilus jugularis Linnaeus, 1766  
Eulampis holosericeus86 Green-throated Carib
holosericeus (Linnaeus, 1758) vE Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., Lesser Antilles (except Grenada)
chlorolaemus Gould, 1857 vGrenada (S Lesser Antilles)
Eulampis jugularis   (Linnaeus, 1766) Purple-throated Carib
vMountains of Lesser Antilles
LESBIINAE87

Tribe LESBIINI87
HELIANGELUS Gould, 1848 M - Ornismya clarisse Longuemare, 1841; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22).  
Heliangelus mavors   Gould, 1848 Orange-throated Sunangel
iAndes of W Venezuela (S Lara) to C Colombia (Boyacá)
Heliangelus spencei 88  (Bourcier, 1847) Merida Sunangel
Andes of W Venezuela (C Mérida)
Heliangelus amethysticollis89 Amethyst-throated Sunangel
1 violiceps W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1953 Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Phelps, 1953 #3037]
1 clarisse (Longuemare, 1841)90,91 Andes of SW Venezuela (S Táchira) to C Colombia (Cundinamarca)
3 laticlavius Salvin, 1891 vAndes of S Ecuador (Morona-Santiago) to N Peru (N Cajamarca)
3 decolor J.T. Zimmer, 1951 E slope of Andes of Peru (Amazonas to Junín) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]
2 apurimacensis Weller, 2009 vE slope of Andes of S Peru (Ayacucho and Cuzco) [Weller, 2009 #12007]
3 amethysticollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) vE slope of Andes of SE Peru (S Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Heliangelus strophianus   (Gould, 1846) Gorgeted Sunangel
vW slope of Andes from SW Colombia (Nariño) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Heliangelus exortis   (Fraser, 1840) Tourmaline Sunangel
vAndes of Colombia and E slope of Andes of Ecuador (south to NW Morona-Santiago)
Heliangelus micraster92 Little Sunangel
micraster Gould, 1872 Andes of S Ecuador (Azuay, SW Morona-Santiago, Loja, Zamora-Chinchipe)
cutervensis (Simon, 1921) vAndes of NW Peru (NW Cajamarca)
Heliangelus viola 93  (Gould, 1853) Purple-throated Sunangel
iAndes of C Ecuador (S Chimborazo) to N Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas)
Heliangelus regalis Royal Sunangel
regalis Fitzpatrick, Willard & Terborgh, 1979 vLocally on E slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Zamora-Chichipe) to N Peru (San Martin) [Fitzpatrick, 1979 #1556]
johnsoni G.R. Graves, Lane, O'Neill, & Valqui, 2011 Andes of N Peru (Cordillera Azul) [Graves, 2011 #12818]
Heliangelus zusii 94  G.R. Graves, 1993 Bogota Sunangel
iBogotá (Colombia) [Graves, 1993 #1787]
SEPHANOIDES G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Mellisuga kingii Vigors, 1827; type by monotypy and tautonymy = Orthorhynchus sephaniodes Lesson & Garnot, 1827  
Sephanoides sephaniodes 95,96,97  (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) δ Green-backed Firecrown
iC and S Chile and adjacent W Argentina (Neuquén to Santa Cruz); Juan Fernández Arch.
Sephanoides fernandensis 98  (P.P. King, 1831) Juan Fernandez Firecrown
vIsla Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernández Arch.)
DISCOSURA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Trochilus longicaudus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22).  99
Discosura conversii   (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Green Thorntail
iMountains of Costa Rica and Panama, W Colombia (Chocó) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Discosura popelairii   (Du Bus, 1846) Wire-crested Thorntail
iE Andean foothills of C Colombia (W Meta) to SE Peru (Puno)
Discosura langsdorffi Black-bellied Thorntail
melanosternon (Gould, 1868) E and SE Colombia, S Venezuela, E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil
langsdorffi (Temminck, 1821) Coastal E Brazil (SE Bahia to E Rio de Janeiro)
Discosura letitiae 100  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) Coppery Thorntail
iNE Bolivia
Discosura longicaudus 101  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) δ Racket-tailed Coquette
iS and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil; E Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte to Espírito Santo)
LOPHORNIS Lesson, 1829 M - Trochilus ornatus Boddaert, 1783; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  102
Lophornis ornatus   (Boddaert, 1783) Tufted Coquette
vE Venezuela, the Guianas, Trinidad, N Brazil (N Roraima; Amapá)
Lophornis gouldii 103  (Lesson, 1832) α Dot-eared Coquette
iE Amazonian Brazil (E Pará and W Maranhão to Mato Grosso), E Bolivia (E Santa Cruz)
Lophornis magnificus   (Vieillot, 1817) Frilled Coquette
vE and S Brazil (Alagoas; SE Bahia to Santa Catarina, west to S Goiás and S Mato Grosso)
Lophornis brachylophus 104  R.T. Moore, 1949 Short-crested Coquette
vMountains of SW Mexico (Sierra Madre del Sur in Guerrero) [Moore, 1949 #2720]
Lophornis delattrei105 Rufous-crested Coquette
lessoni Simon, 1921 Panama and W slope of C Andes and both slopes of E Andes of Colombia
delattrei (Lesson, 1839) Locally on E slope of Andes of N Peru (San Martín) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
Lophornis stictolophus   Salvin & Elliot, 1873 Spangled Coquette
vW Coastal Range of Venezuela; locally in Andes of W Venezuela to N Peru (N Amazonas)
Lophornis chalybeus106 Festive Coquette
verreauxii Bourcier, 1853107 E Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil
klagesi von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 EC Venezuela (along R. Caura in Bolívar)
chalybeus (Temminck, 1821)108 αvSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina) [Temminck, 1821 #11096]
Lophornis pavoninus Peacock Coquette
pavoninus Salvin & Godman, 1882109 vTepuis of SE Venezuela (Cerro Ptaritepui, Mt. Roraima, Sierra de Lema), Merume Mts. (SW Guyana)
duidae Chapman, 1929 Tepuis of S Venezuela (Amazonas, SW Bolívar)
Lophornis helenae 110  (De Lattre, 1843) Black-crested Coquette
iS Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca, Chiapas) to C Costa Rica (mainly on Caribbean slope)
Lophornis adorabilis   Salvin, 1870 White-crested Coquette
vPacific slope of C Costa Rica to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
PHLOGOPHILUS Gould, 1860 M - Phlogophilus hemileucurus Gould, 1860; type by monotypy  
Phlogophilus hemileucurus 111  Gould, 1860 Ecuadorian Piedtail
vE slope of Andes of S Colombia (W Putumayo) to N Peru (N San Martín)
Phlogophilus harterti   von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1901 Peruvian Piedtail
iE slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Huánuco to Puno)
ADELOMYIA Bonaparte, 1854 F - Trochilus sabinae Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 141). = Trochilus melanogenys Fraser, 1840  
Adelomyia melanogenys Speckled Hummingbird
debellardiana Aveledo & Perez, 1994112 vSierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Aveledo, 1994 #119]
aeneosticta Simon, 1889 vMountains of N Venezuela (C Falcón, Yaracuy, Coastal Range from Carabobo to Miranda)
melanogenys (Fraser, 1840) Andes of W Venezuela, E Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes of Ecuador to C Peru (N Cuzco)
cervina Gould, 1872 vW and C Andes of Colombia
connectens Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 S Colombia (upper Magdalena valley in Huila) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 #2666]
maculata Gould, 1861 vW slope of Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to NW Peru (La Libertad)
inornata (Gould, 1846)113 vE slope of Andes of S Peru (S Cuzco) to NW Argentina (Salta)
AGLAIOCERCUS J.T. Zimmer, 1930 M - Ornismya kingii Lesson, 1832; type by original designation  
Aglaiocercus kingii114 Long-tailed Sylph
margarethae (F. Heine, Sr., 1863) Mountains of N Venezuela (C Falcón, Yaracuy, Coastal Range from Carabobo to Miranda)
caudatus (von Berlepsch, 1892) vAndes of W Venezuela, E Andes of N Colombia (Norte de Santander); Sierra de Perijá
emmae (von Berlepsch, 1892)115 W and C Andes of Colombia, W slope of Andes of NW Ecuador (south to Pichincha)
kingii (Lesson, 1832)116 δE Andes of Colombia (Santander to Cundinamarca)
mocoa (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Andes of S Colombia (E Nariño) to N Peru (Cajamarca)
smaragdinus (Gould, 1846) vE slope of Andes of N Peru (Amazonas) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Aglaiocercus coelestis Violet-tailed Sylph
coelestis (Gould, 1861) vW slope of Andes of WC Colombia (Risaralda) to C Ecuador (Chimborazo)
aethereus (Chapman, 1925) vW slope of Andes of SW Ecuador (El Oro, W Loja)
Aglaiocercus berlepschi 117  (E. Hartert, 1898) Venezuelan Sylph
iMountains of NE Venezuela (W and C Sucre, N Monagas)
SAPPHO Reichenbach, 1849 F - Trochilus sparganurus Shaw, 1812; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22).  
Sappho sparganurus Red-tailed Comet
sparganurus (Shaw, 1812)118 δE slope of Andes of N Bolivia (La Paz)
sapho (Lesson, 1829) E slope of Andes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba) to W Argentina (Neuquén)
POLYONYMUS F. Heine, Sr., 1863 M - Trochilus caroli Bourcier, 1847; type by original designation and monotypy  
Polyonymus caroli   (Bourcier, 1847) Bronze-tailed Comet
iW slope of Andes and inter-montane valleys of C Peru (S Cajamarca to N Arequipa)
TAPHROLESBIA Simon, 1918 F - Cynanthus griseiventris Taczanowski, 1883; type by original designation  
Taphrolesbia griseiventris   (Taczanowski, 1883) Gray-bellied Comet
vAndes of W Peru (west side of Marañón valley from S Cajamarca to Huánuco)
OREOTROCHILUS Gould, 1847 M - Trochilus estella d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838; type by original designation  119
Oreotrochilus chimborazo120 Ecuadorian Hillstar
jamesonii Jardine, 1849 Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) to C Ecuador (N Azuay)
soderstromi Lönnberg & Rendahl, 1922 Andes of C Ecuador (Volcán Quilotoa in C Cotopaxi)
chimborazo (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Andes of C Ecuador (Mt. Chimborazo in NW Chimborazo)
Oreotrochilus estella121 Andean Hillstar
stolzmanni Salvin, 1895 Andes of S Ecuador (SE Loja), N and C Peru (S Cajamarca to W Pasco)
estella (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Andes of S Peru (Ayacucho, Cuzco) to N Chile (Tarapacá) and NW Argentina (Tucumán)
bolivianus Boucard, 1893122 vAndes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Oreotrochilus leucopleurus 123  Gould, 1847 White-sided Hillstar
vAndes of S Bolivia (Tarija) to W Argentina (Mendoza) and C Chile (Antofagasta to Bíobío)
Oreotrochilus melanogaster   Gould, 1847 Black-breasted Hillstar
iAndes of C Peru (W Pasco to N Ayacucho)
Oreotrochilus adela   (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1839) Wedge-tailed Hillstar
iAndes of C Bolivia (S La Paz) to extreme NW Argentina (N Jujuy)
OPISTHOPRORA Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Trochilus eurypterus Loddiges, 1832; type by monotypy  
Opisthoprora euryptera   (Loddiges, 1832) Mountain Avocetbill
vLocally in C Andes of Colombia and E slope of Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (E La Libertad)
LESBIA Lesson, 1833 F - Ornismya nuna Lesson, 1832; type by subsequent designation (Salvin, 1892, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 16, p. 146).  
Lesbia victoriae124,125 Black-tailed Trainbearer
victoriae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846)126 E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander to Cundinamarca; Nariño) to S Ecuador (Azuay)
juliae (E. Hartert, 1899) Andes of S Ecuador (S Loja) to C Peru (N Lima and Huánuco)
berlepschi (Hellmayr, 1915) Andes of S Peru (Junín to Apurímac and Cuzco)
Lesbia nuna Green-tailed Trainbearer
1 gouldii (Loddiges, 1832)127 E Andes of NE Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca); C Andes of S Colombia (S Cauca, Nariño)
1 gracilis (Gould, 1846) vAndes of N and C Ecuador (Carchi to Chimborazo)
1 aureliae Weller & Schuchmann, 2004 Andes of S Ecuador (Azuay to Loja) [Weller, 2004 #4114]
1 pallidiventris (Simon, 1902) vAndes of N and C Peru (E Piura and Amazonas to W Huánuco)
1 huallagae Weller & Schuchmann, 2004 Andes of C Peru (upper Huallaga valley in C Huánuco) [Weller, 2004 #4114]128
2 nuna (Lesson, 1832) Andes of S Peru (Junín to Apurímac and Cuzco)
2 boliviana Boucard, 1892129 αvE slope of Andes of NW and C Bolivia (La Paz to Cochabamba)
RAMPHOMICRON Bonaparte, 1850 N - Ornismya microrhyncha Boissonneau, 1840; type by subsequent designation (Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, p. 382).  
Ramphomicron dorsale   Salvin & Godman, 1880 Black-backed Thornbill
vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
Ramphomicron microrhynchum Purple-backed Thornbill
microrhynchum (Boissonneau, 1840)130 αvAndes of W Venezuela (Mérida) to NW Peru (Cajamarca)
albiventre Carriker, 1935 vE slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Huánuco to Apurímac and Cuzco)
bolivianum Schuchmann, 1984 vAndes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba) [Schuchmann, 1984 #3533]
CHALCOSTIGMA Reichenbach, 1854 N - Ornismya heteropogon Boissonneau, 1840; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 141).  131
Chalcostigma ruficeps 132,133  (Gould, 1846) Rufous-capped Thornbill
iE slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Chalcostigma olivaceum Olivaceous Thornbill
pallens Carriker, 1935 W slope of Andes of C Peru (Ancash to NW Junín)
olivaceum (Lawrence, 1864) vLocally in Andes of S Peru (Apurímac, Cuzco) to N Bolivia (La Paz)
Chalcostigma stanleyi Blue-mantled Thornbill
stanleyi (Bourcier, 1851) Andes of Ecuador (Carchi to Azuay)
versigulare J.T. Zimmer, 1924 vAndes of N and C Peru (S Amazonas to Huánuco)
vulcani (Gould, 1852) E slope of Andes of S Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Chalcostigma heteropogon   (Boissonneau, 1840) α Bronze-tailed Thornbill
iAndes of SW Venezuela (SW Táchira), E Andes of Colombia (south to Cundinamarca)
Chalcostigma herrani Rainbow-bearded Thornbill
tolimae O. Kleinschmidt, 1927 C Andes of Colombia (Nevado del Tolima in N Tolima)
herrani (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Andes of S Colombia (Cauca) to N Peru (NW Amazonas)
OXYPOGON Gould, 1848 M - Ornismya guerinii Boissonneau, 1840; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22).  
Oxypogon guerinii134 Bearded Helmetcrest
cyanolaemus Salvin & Godman, 1880 vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
lindenii (Parzudaki, 1845) Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida, Trujillo)
stuebelii A.B. Meyer, 1884135 C Andes of Colombia (Nevado del Ruiz on Tolima-Caldas border)
guerinii (Boissonneau, 1840) E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander to Cundinamarca)
OREONYMPHA Gould, 1869 F - Oreonympha nobilis Gould, 1869; type by monotypy  
Oreonympha nobilis Bearded Mountaineer
albolimbata Berlioz, 1938 vAndes of WC Peru (Huancavelica)
nobilis Gould, 1869 vAndes of C Peru (Apurímac and Urubamba valleys in Cuzco)
METALLURA Gould, 1847 F - Trochilus cupricauda Gould, 1846; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 22). = Ornismya phoebe Lesson & De Lattre, 1839  
Metallura iracunda   Wetmore, 1946 Perija Metaltail
vSierra de Perijá (NE Colombia, NW Venezuela) [Wetmore, 1946 #4132]
Metallura tyrianthina Tyrian Metaltail
districta Bangs, 1899 vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia); Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border)
chloropogon (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860) Coastal Range of Venezuela (Aragua to Miranda)
oreopola Todd, 1913 vAndes of W Venezuela (N Táchira to SW Lara)
tyrianthina (Loddiges, 1832) vAndes of SW Venezuela (SW Táchira) and Colombia to N Peru (Piura)
quitensis Gould, 1861 vW slope of Andes of Ecuador (Carchi to Cañar)
septentrionalis E. Hartert, 1899 vW slope of Andes of N and C Peru (Cajamarca to Lima)
smaragdinicollis (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838)136 vE slope of Andes of N Peru (Amazonas) to C Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Metallura williami137 Viridian Metaltail
recisa Wetmore, 1970138 vW Andes of NW Colombia (Páramo de Frontino in Antioquia) [Wetmore, 1970 #4152]
williami (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) C Andes of Colombia (Tolima to Cauca)
primolina Bourcier, 1853139 vAndes of S Colombia (Nariño) to SC Ecuador (NE Azuay)
atrigularis Salvin, 1893140 vAndes of S Ecuador (E Azuay, E Loja, W Morona-Santiago, W Zamora-Chinchipe)
Metallura baroni 141  Salvin, 1893 Violet-throated Metaltail
iAndes of SC Ecuador (Azuay)
Metallura odomae   G.R. Graves, 1980 Neblina Metaltail
iAndes of S Ecuador (S Loja, S Zamora-Chinchipe) to NW Peru (E Piura, NW Cajamarca) [Graves, 1980 #1769]
Metallura theresiae Coppery Metaltail
parkeri G.R. Graves, 1981 Andes of N Peru (Cordillera de Colán in WC Amazonas) [Graves, 1981 #1771]
theresiae Simon, 1902 E slope of Andes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Huánuco)
Metallura eupogon   (Cabanis, 1874) Fire-throated Metaltail
iE slope of Andes of C Peru (S Huánuco to N Ayacucho)
Metallura aeneocauda Scaled Metaltail
aeneocauda (Gould, 1846) E slope of Andes of S Peru (Cuzco) to N Bolivia (La Paz)
malagae von Berlepsch, 1897142 Andes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Metallura phoebe   (Lesson & De Lattre, 1839) Black Metaltail
iW slope of Andes of Peru (S Cajamarca to Tacna)
Tribe HELIANTHEINI143
HAPLOPHAEDIA Simon, 1918 F - Trochilus aureliae Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846; type by monotypy  144
Haplophaedia aureliae Greenish Puffleg
floccus (Nelson, 1912)145 Mountains of E Panama and extreme NW Colombia (Cerro Malí and Cerro Tacarcuna)
galindoi Wetmore, 1967 Mountains of E Panama (Cerro Pirre) [Wetmore, 1967 #4150]
caucensis (Simon, 1911) vW Andes and W slope of C Andes of Colombia
aureliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846)146 E slope of C Andes and E Andes of Colombia
russata (Gould, 1871) vE slope of Andes of N Ecuador (W Sucumbíos to W Pastaza)
cutucuensis Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2000 vE slope of Andes of S Ecuador (Cordillera de Cutucú, Cordillera del Cóndor) [Schuchmann, 2000 #3537]
Haplophaedia assimilis147 Buff-thighed Puffleg
affinis (Taczanowski, 1884) vE slope of Andes of N Peru (Amazonas to Huánuco)
assimilis (Elliot, 1876) vE slope of Andes of S Peru (Cuzco) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Haplophaedia lugens   (Gould, 1852) α Hoary Puffleg
iW slope of Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
ERIOCNEMIS Reichenbach, 1849 F - Eriopus simplex Gould, 1849; type by subsequent designation (Gould, 1852, A Monograph of the Trochilidae, pt. 3, pl. 8 and text). = Trochilus cupreoventris Fraser, 1840  148,149
Eriocnemis nigrivestis 150  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) Black-breasted Puffleg
iW slope of Andes of NW Ecuador (SE Esmeraldas to N Pichincha)
Eriocnemis isabellae   Cortés-Diago, Ortega, Mazariegos-Hurtado & Weller, 2007 Gorgeted Puffleg
iW Andes of SW Colombia (Serranía del Pinche in Cauca) [Cortés-Diago, 2007 #9808]
Eriocnemis vestita Glowing Puffleg
paramillo (Chapman, 1917) W Andes of NW Colombia (Cerro Paramillo and Páramo de Frontino in Antioquia)
vestita (Lesson, 1839) αvAndes of W Venezuela (Mérida) to E and C Andes of Colombia (south to Cundinamarca; S Antioquia, S Huila)
smaragdinipectus Gould, 1868 C Andes of S Colombia (C Cauca) to SC Ecuador (Cañar)
arcosae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001151 δAndes of SC Ecuador (Azuay) to NW Peru (E Piura, NW Cajamarca) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538]
Eriocnemis derbyi 152  (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Black-thighed Puffleg
iC Andes of C Colombia (Tolima) to N Ecuador (Imbabura)
†? Eriocnemis godini 153  (Bourcier, 1851) Turquoise-throated Puffleg
iW slope of Andes of NW Ecuador (N Pichincha)
Eriocnemis cupreoventris 154  (Fraser, 1840) Coppery-bellied Puffleg
vAndes of W Venezuela (C Mérida) to E Andes of Colombia (Cundinamarca)
Eriocnemis luciani Sapphire-vented Puffleg
1 meridae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001 Andes of W Venezuela (Páramo Conejos in C Mérida) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538]
1 luciani (Bourcier, 1847) Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to C Ecuador (Cotopaxi)
1 baptistae Schuchmann, Weller & Heynen, 2001 Andes of C Ecuador (Chimborazo to Azuay) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538]
1 catharina Salvin, 1897 E slope of Andes of N Peru (Amazonas, E La Libertad)
2 sapphiropygia Taczanowski, 1874155,156 vE slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Pasco to Puno)
Eriocnemis mosquera 157  (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Golden-breasted Puffleg
iW and C Andes of Colombia, Andes of Ecuador (south to Pichincha and Morona-Santiago)
Eriocnemis glaucopoides   (d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) Blue-capped Puffleg
iAndes of C Bolivia (Cochabamba) to NW Argentina (Salta)
Eriocnemis mirabilis   Meyer de Schauensee, 1967 Colorful Puffleg
vW Andes of SW Colombia (Cauca) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1967 #2677]
Eriocnemis aline158 Emerald-bellied Puffleg
aline (Bourcier, 1843)159 ΘE Andes of C Colombia (Boyacá) to SC Ecuador (Morona-Santiago)
dybowskii Taczanowski, 1882 E slope of Andes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Pasco)
LODDIGESIA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Trochilus mirabilis Bourcier, 1847; type by monotypy  160
Loddigesia mirabilis   (Bourcier, 1847) Marvelous Spatuletail
vAndes of N Peru (east side of Utcubamba valley in S Amazonas)
AGLAEACTIS Gould, 1848 F - Trochilus cupripennis Bourcier, 1843; type by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Classif. Syn. Trochilidae, p. 185).  
Aglaeactis cupripennis161 Shining Sunbeam
cupripennis (Bourcier, 1843)162 vAndes of Colombia to C Peru (on W slope to N La Libertad, on E slope to N Huánuco)
caumatonota Gould, 1848 vAndes of C and S Peru (on W slope from S La Libertad to Lima, on E slope from S Huánuco to Cuzco)
Aglaeactis castelnaudii White-tufted Sunbeam
regalis J.T. Zimmer, 1951 vAndes of C Peru (Huánuco to Junín) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]
castelnaudii (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) Andes of S Peru (Huancavelica to Apurímac and Cuzco)
Aglaeactis aliciae 163  Salvin, 1896 Purple-backed Sunbeam
iAndes of N Peru (west side of Marañón valley in La Libertad)
Aglaeactis pamela   (d'Orbigny, 1838) Black-hooded Sunbeam
iAndes of N and C Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba)
COELIGENA Lesson, 1833 F - Ornismya coeligena Lesson, 1833; type by tautonymy  164
Coeligena coeligena Bronzy Inca
ferruginea (Chapman, 1917) vW and C Andes of Colombia
zuliana W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1953 vSierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Phelps, 1953 #3037]
columbiana (Elliot, 1876) vAndes of W Venezuela (S Lara) to E Andes of Colombia (south to Huila)
coeligena (Lesson, 1833)165 Mountains of N Venezuela (Falcón, Yaracuy and Coastal Range east to Miranda)
obscura (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902)166 vE slope of Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) to S Peru (Puno)
boliviana (Gould, 1861) vE slope of Andes of Bolivia (La Paz to Chuquisaca)
Coeligena prunellei 167,168  (Bourcier, 1843) Black Inca
iW slope of E Andes of NC Colombia (SE Santander to W Cundinamarca)
Coeligena wilsoni   (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Brown Inca
iW Andes of Colombia (S Chocó) to SW Ecuador (NW Loja)
Coeligena torquata Collared Inca
1 conradii (Bourcier, 1847) Andes of W Venezuela (Trujillo to N Táchira) and NE Colombia (Norte de Santander)
1 torquata (Boissonneau, 1840) vAndes of SW Venezuela (SW Táchira), Colombia, Ecuador (E slope) and N Peru (E Piura)
1 fulgidigula (Gould, 1854)169 δW slope of Andes of Ecuador (Carchi to Chimborazo)
1 margaretae J.T. Zimmer, 1948 E slope of Andes of N and C Peru (C Amazonas to E La Libertad and San Martín) [Zimmer, 1948 #4304]
1 insectivora (von Tschudi, 1844) vE slope of Andes of C Peru (Huánuco to Ayacucho)
1 eisenmanni Weske, 1985 Andes of SE Peru (Cordillera Vilcabamba in Cuzco) [Weske, 1985 #4127]
2 omissa J.T. Zimmer, 1948 vAndes of S Peru (E Cuzco, Puno) [Zimmer, 1948 #4304]
2 inca (Gould, 1852)170 Andes of N and C Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba)
Coeligena violifer Violet-throated Starfrontlet
dichroura (Taczanowski, 1874) E slope of Andes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Junín)
albicaudata Schuchmann & Züchner, 1998171 vE slope of Andes of S Peru (NE Ayacucho, N Apurímac, SW Cuzco) [Schuchmann, 1998 #3534]
osculans (Gould, 1871) E slope of Andes of S Peru (E Cuzco, Puno)
violifer (Gould, 1846) E slope of Andes of N and C Bolivia (La Paz to W Santa Cruz)
Coeligena iris Rainbow Starfrontlet
hesperus (Gould, 1865) Andes of SC Ecuador (S Chimborazo to C Azuay)
iris (Gould, 1853) αAndes of S Ecuador (S Azuay) to N Peru (Piura)
aurora (Gould, 1853) αE slope of W Andes of N Peru (Cerros de Amachonga in E Cajamarca)
fulgidiceps (Simon, 1921)172 Andes of N Peru (S Amazonas)
flagrans J.T. Zimmer, 1951 W slope of W Andes of N Peru (W Cajamarca) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314]
eva (Salvin, 1897) E slope of W Andes of N Peru (SE Cajamarca, La Libertad)
Coeligena phalerata   (Bangs, 1898) White-tailed Starfrontlet
vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
Coeligena orina 173  Wetmore, 1953 Dusky Starfrontlet
vW Andes of NW Colombia (Páramo de Frontino and Farallones de Critara in Antioquia) [Wetmore, 1953 #4137]
Coeligena lutetiae Buff-winged Starfrontlet
lutetiae (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) C Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (E Piura, NW Cajamarca)
albimaculata Sánchez Osés, 2006 vW slope of Andes of NW Ecuador (Carchi to Cotopaxi) [Sánchez Osés, 2006 #9414]
Coeligena bonapartei Golden-bellied Starfrontlet
1 consita Wetmore & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1952 vSierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border) [Wetmore, 1952 #4136]
1 bonapartei (Boissonneau, 1840) E Andes of Colombia (Boyacá to Cundinamarca)
2 eos (Gould, 1848)174 Andes of W Venezuela (S Lara to N Táchira)
Coeligena helianthea Blue-throated Starfrontlet
helianthea (Lesson, 1839) αE Andes and Sierra de Perijá of Colombia
tamai Berlioz & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1953 Andes of SW Venezuela (Páramo de Tamá in SW Táchira) [Berlioz, 1953 #286]
LAFRESNAYA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Trochilus lafresnayi Boissonneau, 1840; type by virtual tautonymy  
Lafresnaya lafresnayi175 Mountain Velvetbreast
liriope Bangs, 1910 Santa Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
greenewalti W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1961 Andes of W Venezuela (S Trujillo to N Táchira) [Phelps, 1961 #3047]
longirostris Schuchmann, Weller & Wulfmeyer, 2003 vC Andes of Colombia (Antioquia to Tolima) [Schuchmann, 2003 #3540]
lafresnayi (Boissonneau, 1840)176 Sierra de Perijá; Andes of SW Venezuela (SW Táchira) to E Andes of Colombia (Cundinamarca)
saul (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) W and S Andes of Colombia, Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (E Piura, W Cajamarca)
orestes J.T. Zimmer, 1951177 Andes of N Peru (S Amazonas) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]
rectirostris von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 vE slope of Andes of C and S Peru (La Libertad to Apurímac and C Cuzco)
ENSIFERA Lesson, 1843 F - Ornismya ensifera Boissonneau, 1840; type by monotypy and tautonymy  
Ensifera ensifera 178  (Boissonneau, 1840) α Sword-billed Hummingbird
vAndes of W Venezuela and Colombia to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
PTEROPHANES Gould, 1849 M - Ornismya temminckii Boissonneau, 1840; type by monotypy = Trochilus cyanopterus Fraser, 1840179
Pterophanes cyanopterus Great Sapphirewing
cyanopterus (Fraser, 1840) αvE Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander, Cundinamarca)
caeruleus J.T. Zimmer, 1951 vC Andes of Colombia (Tolima to Nariño) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]
peruvianus Boucard, 1895 vAndes of Ecuador to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
BOISSONNEAUA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus flavescens Loddiges, 1832; type by monotypy  
Boissonneaua flavescens Buff-tailed Coronet
flavescens (Loddiges, 1832) Andes of W Venezuela and Colombia; E slope of Andes of Ecuador (W Napo)
tinochlora Oberholser, 1902 vW slope of Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to C Ecuador (W Cotopaxi)
Boissonneaua matthewsii   (Bourcier, 1847) Chestnut-breasted Coronet
iAndes of S Colombia (E Nariño, W Putumayo) to S Peru (Apurímac and Cuzco)
Boissonneaua jardini   (Bourcier, 1851) Velvet-purple Coronet
iW Andes of Colombia (S Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
OCREATUS Gould, 1846 M - Trochilus addae Bourcier, 1846; type by subsequent designation (Cory, 1918, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 13, pt. 2, no. 1, p. 259).  
Ocreatus underwoodii Booted Racket-tail
polystictus Todd, 1942 vCoastal Range of Venezuela (Carabobo to Miranda)
discifer (F. Heine, Sr., 1863)180 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of W Venezuela and E Andes of NE Colombia (SE Norte de Santander)
underwoodii (Lesson, 1832) E Andes of Colombia
incommodus (O. Kleinschmidt, 1943)181 vW and C Andes of Colombia [Kleinschmidt, 1943 #8961]
melanantherus (Jardine, 1851) vW slope of Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
peruanus (Gould, 1849) vE slope of Andes of Ecuador to C Peru (Huánuco)
annae (von Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1894) E slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Pasco to Cuzco)
addae (Bourcier, 1846) E slope of Andes of Bolivia (La Paz to Chuquisaca)
UROCHROA Gould, 1856 F - Trochilus bougueri Bourcier, 1851; type by original designation and monotypy  
Urochroa bougueri White-tailed Hillstar
bougueri (Bourcier, 1851) W Andes of Colombia (S Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
leucura Lawrence, 1864182,183 vE slope of Andes of S Colombia (Nariño) to N Peru (N San Martín)
UROSTICTE Gould, 1853 F - Trochilus benjamini Bourcier, 1851; type by monotypy  
Urosticte benjamini 184  (Bourcier, 1851) Purple-bibbed Whitetip
W Andes of Colombia (S Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
Urosticte ruficrissa 185,186  Lawrence, 1864 Rufous-vented Whitetip
C Andes of Colombia (south from Huila), E slope of Andes of Ecuador to N Peru (N San Martín)
HELIODOXA Gould, 1850 F - Trochilus leadbeateri Bourcier, 1843; type by subsequent designation (Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, p. 380).  187
Heliodoxa xanthogonys Velvet-browed Brilliant
xanthogonys Salvin & Godman, 1882 Tepuis of S and SE Venezuela and W Guyana (Merume Mts.)
willardi Weller & Renner, 2001 Tepuis of extreme S Venezuela (Serranía de la Neblina, Serra Imeri) [Weller, 2001 #4450]
Heliodoxa gularis 188  (Gould, 1860) Pink-throated Brilliant
vE Andean foothills of S Colombia (W Putumayo) to N Ecuador (W Napo); N Peru (Amazonas, N San Martín)
Heliodoxa branickii 189  (Taczanowski, 1874) Rufous-webbed Brilliant
iLocally on E slope of Andes of C and S Peru (S San Martín to Cuzco and W Madre de Dios)
Heliodoxa schreibersii190 Black-throated Brilliant
schreibersii (Bourcier, 1847) Lowlands and foothills of NW Brazil (NW Amazonas), SE Colombia, E Ecuador and NE Peru
whitelyana (Gould, 1872) vLocally on E slope of Andes of C and S Peru (Pasco to Cuzco and W Madre de Dios)
Heliodoxa aurescens 191  (Gould, 1846) Gould's Jewelfront
iW and C Amazonia
Heliodoxa rubinoides192 Fawn-breasted Brilliant
rubinoides (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) C and E Andes of Colombia
aequatorialis (Gould, 1860) vW Andes of NW Colombia (Antioquia) to SW Ecuador (Loja)
cervinigularis (Salvin, 1892) vLocally on E slope of Andes of Ecuador to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Heliodoxa jacula Green-crowned Brilliant
henryi Lawrence, 1866 αMountains of Costa Rica to WC Panama (W Coclé)
jacula Gould, 1850 vMountains of E Panama (east from E Panamá); locally in W, C and E Andes of Colombia
jamersoni (Bourcier, 1851)193 δW Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Heliodoxa imperatrix 194  (Gould, 1856) Empress Brilliant
iW Andes of Colombia (S Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha)
Heliodoxa leadbeateri Violet-fronted Brilliant
leadbeateri (Bourcier, 1843) Mountains of N Venezuela (Falcón, Yaracuy, Coastal Range from Carabobo to Miranda)
parvula von Berlepsch, 1887 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of W Venezuela, E Andes of Colombia
sagitta (Reichenbach, 1854)195 E slope of Andes of Ecuador to C Peru (Pasco) [Reichenbach, 1854 #3234]
otero (von Tschudi, 1844) E slope of Andes of C Peru (Junín) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba) [von Tschudi, 1844 #8273]
CLYTOLAEMA Gould, 1853 F - Trochilus rubineus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by monotypy = Phaeton rubricauda Boddaert, 1783  
Clytolaema rubricauda   (Boddaert, 1783) Brazilian Ruby
iSE Brazil (SE Bahia to N Rio Grande do Sul)
PATAGONINAE
PATAGONA G.R. Gray, 1840 F - Trochilus gigas Vieillot, 1824; type by original designation and monotypy  196
Patagona gigas Giant Hummingbird
peruviana Boucard, 1893 αvAndes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to N Chile (Tarapacá) and NW Argentina (Tucumán)
gigas (Vieillot, 1824) Andes of C Chile (Atacama to Los Ríos) and adjacent W Argentina (La Rioja to Mendoza)
TROCHILINAE197

Tribe TROCHILINI197
CHLOROSTILBON Gould, 1853 M - Chlorostilbon prasinus Gould, 1853; type by monotypy = Trochilus pucherani Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848  198
Chlorostilbon auriceps   (Gould, 1852) Golden-crowned Emerald
iW and SW Mexico (S Sinaloa and SW Durango to S Morelos and Oaxaca)
Chlorostilbon forficatus   Ridgway, 1885 Cozumel Emerald
vIsla de Cozumel (off Yucatan Pen.)
Chlorostilbon canivetii Canivet's Emerald
canivetii (Lesson, 1832) SE Mexico (S Tamaulipas to Yucatan Pen.), Belize, N Guatemala; Islas de la Bahía (off N Honduras)
osberti Gould, 1860 SE Mexico (SE Chiapas), S Guatemala, El Salvador, W Nicaragua
salvini (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860) NW Costa Rica
Chlorostilbon assimilis   Lawrence, 1861 Garden Emerald
vPacific slope of SW Costa Rica to E Panama (W Darién), Arch. de las Perlas
Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus 199  Gould, 1860 Western Emerald
vW and C Andes of Colombia to WC Ecuador (NE Guayas, SW Chimborazo)
Chlorostilbon gibsoni Red-billed Emerald
chrysogaster (Bourcier, 1843)200 N Colombia (E Córdoba to Cesar and Norte de Santander), NW Venezuela (S Zulia, NW Táchira)
nitens Lawrence, 1861201 NE Colombia (Guajira Pen.), NW Venezuela (N Zulia to Yaracuy and N Carabobo)
gibsoni (Fraser, 1840) C Colombia (Magdalena valley south to Tolima)
Chlorostilbon mellisugus202,203 Blue-tailed Emerald
caribaeus Lawrence, 1871204,205 vE Colombia (Meta) to C and N Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad
duidae J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1952 Tepuis of SC Venezuela (Cerro Duida in Amazonas) [Zimmer, 1952 #4317]
subfurcatus von Berlepsch, 1887 vE and S Venezuela (Bolívar, N Amazonas), Guyana, N Brazil (N Roraima)
mellisugus (Linnaeus, 1758) vSurinam, French Guiana, NE Amazonian Brazil
phoeopygus (von Tschudi, 1844)206 vE Peru (Amazonas to Puno)
napensis Gould, 1861207,208 vNE Peru (Loreto) [Gould, 1861 #6285]
peruanus Gould, 1861 vSE Peru (Madre de Dios), N and E Bolivia
Chlorostilbon olivaresi   Stiles, 1996 Chiribiquete Emerald
iSC Colombia (Sierra de Chiribiquete in E Caquetá) [Stiles, 1996 #3737]
†? Chlorostilbon bracei   (Lawrence, 1877) Brace's Emerald
iNew Providence (Bahamas)
†? Chlorostilbon elegans 209  (Gould, 1860) Caribbean Emerald
iCaribbean (?)
Chlorostilbon ricordii 210  (Gervais, 1835) Cuban Emerald
iCuba, Isla de la Juventud, Bahamas (Grand Bahama, Great Abaco, Andros, Green Cay)
Chlorostilbon swainsonii   (Lesson, 1829) Hispaniolan Emerald
iHispaniola
Chlorostilbon maugaeus 211  (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801) Puerto Rican Emerald
iPuerto Rico
Chlorostilbon lucidus212,213 Glittering-bellied Emerald
pucherani (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) E Brazil (Maranhão and Ceará to Paraná)
lucidus (Shaw, 1812) vE Bolivia, Paraguay, SW Brazil [Shaw, 1812 #7862].
igneus Gould, 1861214 vN and W Argentina (Jujuy and Chaco to Mendoza and San Luis) [Gould, 1861 #6285]
berlepschi O.M. de O. Pinto, 1938 SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay, NE Argentina (Misiones to N Buenos Aires)
Chlorostilbon russatus   (Salvin & Godman, 1881) Coppery Emerald
vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia); Sierra de Perijá (Colombian-Venezuelan border)
Chlorostilbon stenurus215 Narrow-tailed Emerald
stenurus (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860) vAndes of W Venezuela (Trujillo to Táchira) to E Andes of Colombia (Norte de Santander)
ignotus Todd, 1942216 vMountains of N Venezuela (Lara to Carabobo)
Chlorostilbon alice 217  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) Green-tailed Emerald
iMountains of NW and N Venezuela (N Trujillo to Falcón and Coastal Range east to Sucre)
Chlorostilbon poortmani218 Short-tailed Emerald
euchloris (Reichenbach, 1854)219 vW slope of E Andes (south to Huila) and E slope of E Andes (Santander) of Colombia
poortmani (Bourcier, 1843) Andes of W Venezuela (SW Mérida, Táchira) and E slope of E Andes (E Boyacá to W Meta)
CYNANTHUS Swainson, 1827 M - Cynanthus latirostris Swainson, 1827; type by subsequent designation (Stone, 1907, Auk, 24, p. 192).  220
Cynanthus sordidus   (Gould, 1859) Dusky Hummingbird
vSW Mexico (Michoacán to S Puebla and C Oaxaca)
Cynanthus latirostris Broad-billed Hummingbird
1 magicus (Mulsant & J. Verreaux, 1872) vMountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico) to SW Mexico (Jalisco)
1 latirostris Swainson, 1827 vMountains of E and C Mexico (S Nuevo León and SW Tamaulipas to Morelos and W Veracruz)
1 propinquus R.T. Moore, 1939221 vHighlands of C Mexico (Guanajuato, N Michoacán)
2 doubledayi (Bourcier, 1847)222 Coastal S Mexico (Guerrero to SW Chiapas)
3 lawrencei (von Berlepsch, 1887) Islas Marías (off W Mexico)
CYANOPHAIA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus bicolor J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 142).  223
Cyanophaia bicolor   (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Blue-headed Hummingbird
iDominica, Martinique (Lesser Antilles)
CHLORESTES Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus caeruleus Vieillot, 1817; type by subsequent designation (Salvin, 1892, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 16, p. 239). = Trochilus notatus Reich, 1793  224
Chlorestes notata Blue-chinned Sapphire
notata (Reich, 1793)225,226 αvNE Colombia to the Guianas, Trinidad, NE Amazonian and coastal N and E Brazil (south to Bahia) [Reich, 1793 #3231]
puruensis (Riley, 1913)227 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru and W Amazonian Brazil
obsoleta J.T. Zimmer, 1950 vNE Peru (lower R. Ucayali in E Loreto) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310]
KLAIS Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus guimeti Bourcier, 1843; type by monotypy  
Klais guimeti Violet-headed Hummingbird
merrittii (Lawrence, 1861)228 αE Honduras to E Panama [Lawrence, 1861 #2337]
guimeti (Bourcier, 1843) Sierra de Perijá; Coastal Range and Andes of Venezuela, E Andes of Colombia and Ecuador
pallidiventris Stolzmann, 1926 vE slope of Andes of N Peru (Amazonas) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
ABEILLIA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Abeillia typica Bonaparte, 1850; type by original designation and monotypy = Ornismya abeillei Lesson & DeLattre, 1839  
Abeillia abeillei Emerald-chinned Hummingbird
abeillei (Lesson & De Lattre, 1839) Mountains of SE Mexico (N Oaxaca, Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador and W Honduras
aurea W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925 vMountains of SE Honduras and NC Nicaragua
ORTHORHYNCUS Lacépède, 1799 M - Trochilus cristatus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  
Orthorhyncus cristatus Antillean Crested Hummingbird
exilis (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vE Puerto Rico to Lesser Antilles (south to St. Lucia)
ornatus Gould, 1861 vSt. Vincent (S Lesser Antilles)
cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) vBarbados (S Lesser Antilles)
emigrans Lawrence, 1877 Grenada and the Grenadines (S Lesser Antilles)
STEPHANOXIS Simon, 1897 M - Trochilus lalandi Vieillot, 1818; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 23).  229
Stephanoxis lalandi Plovercrest
lalandi (Vieillot, 1818) SE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais, S Espírito Santo, NE São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
loddigesii (Gould, 1831) SE Brazil (S São Paulo to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones), E Paraguay
APHANTOCHROA Gould, 1853 F - Trochilus cirrochloris Vieillot, 1818; type by original designation and monotypy  230
Aphantochroa cirrochloris   (Vieillot, 1818) Sombre Hummingbird
vE Brazil (E Pernambuco; S Bahia to Mato Grosso do Sul and NE Rio Grande do Sul)
PHAEOCHROA Gould, 1861 F - Trochilus cuvierii DeLattre & Bourcier, 1846; type by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Classif. Syn. Trochilidae, p. 23).  231
Phaeochroa cuvierii Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
roberti (Salvin, 1861) SE Mexico (NE Chiapas), N Guatemala and S Belize along Caribbean slope to NE Nicaragua
maculicauda Griscom, 1932 Pacific slope of Costa Rica
furvescens Wetmore, 1967232 Pacific slope of W Panama (Chiriquí to W Azuero Pen.) [Wetmore, 1967 #4150]
saturatior (E. Hartert, 1901) vIsla de Coiba (off SW Panama)
cuvierii (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) C Panama (E Colón, Panamá, W Comarca Guna Yala)
berlepschi Hellmayr, 1915 Coastal NW Colombia (NW Bolívar, N Atlántico)
ANTHOCEPHALA Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Trochilus floriceps Gould, 1854; type by monotypy  
Anthocephala floriceps Blossomcrown
floriceps (Gould, 1853) δSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
berlepschi Salvin, 1893 E slope of C Andes of Colombia (Tolima, Huila)
CAMPYLOPTERUS Swainson, 1827 M - Trochilus latipennis Latham, 1790; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 13). = Trochilus largipennis Boddaert, 1783  
Campylopterus curvipennis Wedge-tailed Sabrewing
curvipennis (Deppe, 1830)233 vFoothills of E Mexico (SW Tamaulipas to N Oaxaca)
pampa (Lesson, 1832)234,235 SE Mexico (Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala, Belize; E Honduras
Campylopterus excellens 236  (Wetmore, 1941) Long-tailed Sabrewing
iSE Mexico (SE Veracruz, NW Chiapas)
Campylopterus largipennis Gray-breasted Sabrewing
aequatorialis Gould, 1861 vSE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
largipennis (Boddaert, 1783) vS and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
obscurus Gould, 1848 vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to NW Maranhão)
diamantinensis Ruschi, 1963 vMountains of E Brazil (Serra do Espinhaço in Minas Gerais) [Ruschi, 1963 #3418]
Campylopterus rufus   Lesson, 1840 Rufous Sabrewing
vMountains of SE Mexico (SE Oaxaca, Chiapas), S Guatemala and El Salvador
Campylopterus hyperythrus   Cabanis, 1849 α Rufous-breasted Sabrewing
vTepuis of SE Venezuela (SE Bolívar), SW Guyana and N Brazil (N Roraima)
Campylopterus hemileucurus Violet Sabrewing
hemileucurus (Deppe, 1830)237 vMountains of S Mexico (Guerrero; S Veracruz, N Oaxaca, Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua
mellitus Bangs, 1902 vMountains of Costa Rica to WC Panama (Veraguas, W Azuero Pen.)
Campylopterus ensipennis   (Swainson, 1822) White-tailed Sabrewing
vMountains of NE Venezuela (NE Anzoátegui, Sucre, N Monagas), Tobago
Campylopterus falcatus   (Swainson, 1821) Lazuline Sabrewing
vSierra de Perijá; Coastal Range and Andes of Venezuela, E Andes of Colombia to N Ecuador (W Napo)
Campylopterus phainopeplus   Salvin & Godman, 1879 Santa Marta Sabrewing
vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
Campylopterus villaviscensio   (Bourcier, 1851) Napo Sabrewing
iE slope of Andes from SW Colombia (Nariño) to N Peru (N San Martín)
Campylopterus duidae238 Buff-breasted Sabrewing
guaiquinimae J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1946239 δTepuis of SC Venezuela (Cerro Guaiquinima in C Bolívar) [Zimmer, 1946 #4301]
duidae Chapman, 1929240 Tepuis of S Venezuela (SW Bolívar, Amazonas) and N Brazil (Serranía de la Neblina)
EUPETOMENA Gould, 1853 F - Trochilus macrourus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by monotypy  241
Eupetomena macroura Swallow-tailed Hummingbird
macroura (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vSurinam, N, C and SE Brazil (Amapá, Pará; Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), E Paraguay
simoni Hellmayr, 1929 NE Brazil (Maranhão and Ceará to Bahia)
cyanoviridis Grantsau, 1988 vMountains of SE Brazil (Serra do Mar in E São Paulo) [Grantsau, 1988 #1764]
hirundo Gould, 1875 SE Peru (upper Urubamba valley in C Cuzco)
boliviana J.T. Zimmer, 1950 vN Bolivia (Beni) [Zimmer, 1950 #4308]
EUPHERUSA Gould, 1857 F - Ornismya eximia DeLattre, 1843; type by monotypy  
Eupherusa eximia242 Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
nelsoni Ridgway, 1910 Mountains of S Mexico (SW Veracruz, N Oaxaca)
eximia (De Lattre, 1843) vHighlands of SE Mexico (Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua
egregia P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 vMountains of Costa Rica to WC Panama (Veraguas)
Eupherusa cyanophrys   J.S. Rowley & Orr, 1964 Blue-capped Hummingbird
iMountains of S Mexico (Sierra de Miahuatlán in S Oaxaca) [Rowley, 1964 #15895]
Eupherusa poliocerca 243  Elliot, 1871 White-tailed Hummingbird
vMountains of SW Mexico (Guerrero and W Oaxaca)
Eupherusa nigriventris   Lawrence, 1868 α Black-bellied Hummingbird
vCaribbean slope of mountains of C Costa Rica to WC Panama (N Veraguas)
ELVIRA Mulsant and J. & E. Verreaux, 1866 F - Trochilus (Thaumatias) chionura Gould, 1851; type by monotypy
Elvira chionura   (Gould, 1851) White-tailed Emerald
vPacific slope of mountains of SW Costa Rica to C Panama (Coclé)
Elvira cupreiceps   (Lawrence, 1866) Coppery-headed Emerald
iMountains of N and C Costa Rica
MICROCHERA Gould, 1858 F - Mellisuga albocoronata Lawrence, 1855; type by original designation and monotypy  
Microchera albocoronata Snowcap
parvirostris (Lawrence, 1865) vCaribbean slope from E Honduras to S Costa Rica
albocoronata (Lawrence, 1855) vWC Panama (Veraguas, Coclé)
CHALYBURA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus buffonii Lesson, 1832; type by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Classif. Syn. Trochilidae, p. 45).  
Chalybura buffonii244 White-vented Plumeleteer
micans Bangs & Barbour, 1922 C and E Panama, W Colombia (Pacific slope, Cauca valley, head of Magdalena valley)
buffonii (Lesson, 1832) C and NE Colombia (middle Magdalena valley; NE Norte de Santander), NW Venezuela (SE Zulia)
aeneicauda Lawrence, 1865 N Colombia (lower Magdalena valley and Santa Marta region), Andes and Coastal Range of Venezuela
caeruleogaster (Gould, 1847)245 E slope of E Andes of Colombia
Chalybura urochrysia Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
melanorrhoa Salvin, 1865246 vCaribbean slope from E Honduras to S Costa Rica
isaurae (Gould, 1861) Caribbean slope of Panama (Bocas del Toro to Comarca Guna Yala)
urochrysia (Gould, 1861) vSE Panama (E Darién), NC and W Colombia to NW Ecuador (N Esmeraldas)
intermedia E. & C. Hartert, 1894247 vSW Ecuador (El Oro) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
THALURANIA Gould, 1848 F - Trochilus furcatus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 21).  
Thalurania ridgwayi 248  Nelson, 1900 Mexican Woodnymph
iSW Mexico (S Nayarit to Colima)
Thalurania colombica249 Crowned Woodnymph
1 townsendi Ridgway, 1888 Caribbean slope of NE Guatemala to E Honduras
1 venusta (Gould, 1851)250 vE Nicaragua to C Panama (W Panamá)
2 colombica (Bourcier, 1843) vN Colombia (south to head of Magdalena valley) to NW Venezuela (Andean slopes from N Táchira to N Lara)
2 rostrifera W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1956251 vW Venezuela (SW Táchira) [Phelps, 1956 #3041]
3 fannyae (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846)252,253 δE Panama (Darién, E Comarca Guna Yala) and W Colombia
3 subtropicalis Griscom, 1932254 vWC Colombia (Andean slopes above Cauca valley)
3 verticeps (Gould, 1851) W slope of Andes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to W Ecuador (N Los Ríos; SW Manabí, NW Guayas)
4 hypochlora Gould, 1871255 vSW Ecuador (NE Guayas, SW Chimborazo) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
Thalurania furcata256,257 Fork-tailed Woodnymph
refulgens Gould, 1853 NE Venezuela (NE Anzoátegui, Sucre, N Monagas)
furcata (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) vThe Guianas, NE Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon in Pará and Amapá)
fissilis von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902 vE and SE Venezuela, extreme W Guyana, N Brazil (N Roraima)
orenocensis Hellmayr, 1921 vS Venezuela (most of Amazonas)
nigrofasciata (Gould, 1846) vE Colombia (Guainia), SW Venezuela (SW Amazonas), NW Brazil (NW Amazonas)
viridipectus Gould, 1848258 Foothills and lowlands of C and S Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón) [Gould, 1848 #1746]
jelskii Taczanowski, 1874259 E Peru (R. Marañón to NW Junín)
simoni Hellmayr, 1906 W Amazonian Brazil (upper R. Amazon west of R. Tefé)
balzani Simon, 1896 C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Tapajós)
furcatoides Gould, 1861 E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
boliviana Boucard, 1894 αvFoothills and adjacent lowlands of SE Peru (E Pasco, S Ucayali) to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
baeri Hellmayr, 1907 E and S Brazil (Ceará to Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul), SE and S Bolivia, NW Argentina
eriphile (Lesson, 1832)260 SE Brazil (S Bahia to Paraná), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
Thalurania watertonii   (Bourcier, 1847) Long-tailed Woodnymph
iCoastal NE Brazil (Pernambuco to NE Bahia)261
Thalurania glaucopis 262  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Violet-capped Woodnymph
vE Brazil (S Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones)
TAPHROSPILUS Simon, 1910 M - Aphantochroa hyposticta Gould, 1862; type by original designation and monotypy  263
Taphrospilus hypostictus 264  (Gould, 1862) Many-spotted Hummingbird
vE slope of Andes of N Ecuador (W Napo) to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
LEUCOCHLORIS Reichenbach, 1854 M - Trochilus albicollis Vieillot, 1818; type by monotypy  
Leucochloris albicollis   (Vieillot, 1818) White-throated Hummingbird
vSE Brazil (SE Minas Gerais and S Espírito Santo) to Paraguay and NE Argentina (N Buenos Aires)
LEUCIPPUS Bonaparte, 1850 M - Trochilus fallax Bourcier, 1843; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 21).  265,266
Leucippus fallax 267  (Bourcier, 1843) Buffy Hummingbird
iNE Colombia (NE Cesar, Guajira), N Venezuela (N Zulia to Lara and Sucre and offshore islands)
Leucippus baeri   Simon, 1901 Tumbes Hummingbird
iSW Ecuador (SW Loja) to NW Peru (N Lambayeque)
Leucippus taczanowskii 268  (P.L. Sclater, 1879) Spot-throated Hummingbird
iW slope of Andes and Marañón valley of N Peru (Cajamarca to Ancash)
Leucippus chlorocercus   Gould, 1866 Olive-spotted Hummingbird
vW Amazonian Brazil, extreme SE Colombia, NE Ecuador, NE Peru (along R. Amazon and tributaries)
AMAZILIA Lesson, 1843 F - Ornismya cinnamomea Lesson, 1842; type by subsequent designation (Stone, 1918, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, p. 256). = Ornismia rutila DeLattre, 1843  269
Amazilia chionogaster270,271 White-bellied Hummingbird
chionogaster (von Tschudi, 1846)272,273 αE slope of Andes of Peru (S Amazonas to Cuzco)
hypoleuca (Gould, 1846) αvE slope of Andes of SE Peru (Puno) to W Argentina (La Rioja); locally in E Bolivia and SW Brazil
Amazilia viridicauda   (von Berlepsch, 1883) Green-and-white Hummingbird
iLocally on E slope of Andes of C and S Peru (S Huánuco to Cuzco)
Amazilia tzacatl274 Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
tzacatl (de la Llave, 1833) E Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to E Panama (W Darién)
handleyi Wetmore, 1963275 Isla Escudo de Veraguas (off NW Panama) [Wetmore, 1963 #4146]
fuscicaudata (Fraser, 1840)276 vN and C Colombia (south in Cauca and Magdalena valleys) to W Venezuela (W Táchira, W Lara) [Fraser, 1840 #1596]
brehmi Weller & Schuchmann, 1999 Andes of SW Colombia (upper R. Guiza in S Nariño) [Weller, 1999 #4107]
jucunda (F. Heine, Sr., 1863) vLowlands and W slope of Andes of NW Colombia (N Chocó) to SW Ecuador (W Loja)
Amazilia castaneiventris   (Gould, 1856) Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
vW slope of E Andes of NC Colombia (Santander, Boyacá)
Amazilia yucatanensis Buff-bellied Hummingbird
chalconota Oberholser, 1898 vS USA (SE Texas) to E Mexico (N Veracruz)
cerviniventris (Gould, 1856) vE and SE Mexico (C Veracruz to E Puebla and NW Chiapas)
yucatanensis (S. Cabot, 1845) vSE Mexico (Tabasco, Yucatan Pen.), N Guatemala, N Belize
Amazilia rutila277 Cinnamon Hummingbird
diluta van Rossem, 1938 vW Mexico (Sinaloa, Nayarit)
graysoni Lawrence, 1866278 Islas Marías (off W Mexico)
rutila (De Lattre, 1843) αvPacific slope of SW and S Mexico (Jalisco to Oaxaca)
corallirostris (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) vSE Mexico (Chiapas, Yucatan Pen.) to C Costa Rica279
Amazilia amazilia Amazilia Hummingbird
dumerilii (Lesson, 1832) NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
alticola Gould, 1860280 Andes of S Ecuador (El Oro, Loja)
azuay Krabbe & Ridgely, 2010 Andes of SC Ecuador (R. Jubones drainage in S Azuay and extreme N Loja) [Krabbe, 2010 #12172]
leucophoea Reichenbach, 1854281 vNW Peru (Piura to Ancash)
amazilia (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) αW Peru (Lima to C Ica) [Lesson, 1827 #15268]
caeruleigularis Carriker, 1933 vSW Peru (Nazca valley in S Ica)
Amazilia leucogaster Plain-bellied Emerald
leucogaster (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Coastal NE Venezuela (E Monagas) to N Brazil (Piauí)
bahiae (E. Hartert, 1899)282 Coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco to NE Espírito Santo)
Amazilia versicolor283,284 Versicolored Emerald
millerii (Bourcier, 1847)285 E Colombia, C and S Venezuela, NW Brazil
hollandi (Todd, 1913)286 SE Venezuela, SW Guyana
nitidifrons (Gould, 1860)287 NE Brazil (NE Pará to Piauí and Ceará)
versicolor (Vieillot, 1818) SE Brazil (Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul)
rondoniae Ruschi, 1982288 WC Brazil (right bank of R. Madeira in Rondônia) [Ruschi, 1982 #3429]
kubtchecki Ruschi, 1959289 E Bolivia to SC Brazil (Goiás), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) [Ruschi, 1959 #3416]
Amazilia brevirostris290 White-chested Emerald
chionopectus (Gould, 1859) Trinidad
brevirostris (Lesson, 1830)291 vC and E Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, N Brazil (NE Roraima)
orienticola Todd, 1942 Coastal French Guiana
Amazilia franciae292 Andean Emerald
franciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Andes of Colombia
viridiceps (Gould, 1860)293 SW Colombia (Nariño) to SW Ecuador (N Loja)
cyanocollis (Gould, 1853) αvSE Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe), N Peru (Marañón valley south to E La Libertad)
Amazilia candida White-bellied Emerald
genini (Meise, 1938)294 E Mexico (SE San Luis Potosí and S Veracruz to N Oaxaca)
candida (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) vSE Mexico (Yucatan Pen. to N Chiapas) along Caribbean slope to NE Nicaragua
pacifica (Griscom, 1929) vPacific slope of S Mexico (SE Chiapas) and S Guatemala
Amazilia luciae 295  (Lawrence, 1868) α Honduran Emerald
iArid interior valleys of N and C Honduras
Amazilia boucardi   (Mulsant, 1877) Mangrove Hummingbird
iCoastal W Costa Rica (Golfo de Nicoya to Golfo Dulce)
Amazilia amabilis 296  (Gould, 1853) Blue-chested Hummingbird
vNE Nicaragua to NC and W Colombia and SW Ecuador (El Oro)
Amazilia decora 297  (Salvin, 1891) Charming Hummingbird
vPacific slope of WC Costa Rica to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
Amazilia cyanocephala Azure-crowned Hummingbird
cyanocephala (Lesson, 1830)298,299 αvE and S Mexico (S Tamaulipas to E Oaxaca, Chiapas) to C Honduras and NC Nicaragua
chlorostephana T.R. Howell, 1965 vE Honduras, NE Nicaragua [Howell, 1965 #2013]
Amazilia beryllina300 Berylline Hummingbird
viola (W. deW. Miller, 1905) NW and W Mexico (SE Sonora to Michoacán and Guerrero)
beryllina (Deppe, 1830)301 vSC Mexico (México to S Veracruz and Oaxaca)
lichtensteini R.T. Moore, 1950 S Mexico (W Chiapas) [Moore, 1950 #2722]
sumichrasti Salvin, 1891302 S Mexico (C and S Chiapas)
devillei (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848) S Guatemala and El Salvador to C Honduras
Amazilia cyanura Blue-tailed Hummingbird
guatemalae (Dearborn, 1907) SE Mexico (SE Chiapas), S Guatemala
cyanura Gould, 1859 vS Honduras, E El Salvador, NW Nicaragua
impatiens (Bangs, 1906)303 N and C Costa Rica
Amazilia saucerottei Steely-vented Hummingbird
hoffmanni (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860)304 W Nicaragua to C Costa Rica
warscewiczi (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860) N and C Colombia (Sucre to Guajira, Norte de Santander, Magdalena valley), NW Venezuela (W Zulia)
saucerottei (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846)305,306 δW Colombia (W slope of W Andes and Cauca valley)
braccata (F. Heine, Sr., 1863) vAndes of W Venezuela (Mérida to Trujillo)
Amazilia cyanifrons307 Indigo-capped Hummingbird
†? alfaroana Underwood, 1896308 vNW Costa Rica (Volcán Miravalles in Cordillera de Guanacaste)
cyanifrons (Bourcier, 1843) N and C Colombia (middle and upper Magdalena valley, upper Cauca valley, Norte de Santander)
Amazilia violiceps309 Violet-crowned Hummingbird
ellioti (von Berlepsch, 1889)310 SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico) to C Mexico (C Michoacán, Hidalgo)
violiceps (Gould, 1859) SC Mexico (E and S Michoacán to Puebla and NW Oaxaca)
Amazilia viridifrons311 Green-fronted Hummingbird
viridifrons (Elliot, 1871) S Mexico (C Guerrero to W Oaxaca)
wagneri A.R. Phillips, 1966312,313 αS Mexico (C and S Oaxaca) [Phillips, 1966 #3065]
villadai Peterson & Navarro, 2000 SE Mexico (SE Oaxaca, Chiapas) [Peterson, 2000 #3027]
Amazilia fimbriata314,315 Glittering-throated Emerald
elegantissima Todd, 1942316 vNE Colombia, N and C Venezuela
fimbriata (J.F. Gmelin, 1788)317 vE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil
apicalis (Gould, 1861) vE Colombia
fluviatilis (Gould, 1861) vS Colombia, E Ecuador
laeta (E. Hartert, 1900) vNE Peru (N Amazonas, Loreto, NE Ucayali)
nigricauda (Elliot, 1878) E Bolivia, C, S and E Brazil
tephrocephala (Vieillot, 1818) vCoastal SE Brazil (Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul)
Amazilia lactea Sapphire-spangled Emerald
zimmeri (Gilliard, 1941)318 SE Venezuela (C and S Bolívar)
lactea (Lesson, 1832) vE Brazil (S Bahia to São Paulo)
bartletti (Gould, 1866) E and SE Peru (San Martín, S Loreto to Madre de Dios) to N Bolivia (Beni)
Amazilia rosenbergi   (Boucard, 1895) Purple-chested Hummingbird
iW Colombia (C Chocó) to NW Ecuador (NW Pichincha)
Amazilia edward Snowy-breasted Hummingbird
1 niveoventer (Gould, 1851)319 Pacific slope from SW Costa Rica to C Panama (W Coclé), Isla de Coiba
2 edward (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846)320 EC Panama (C Panamá to NW Darién, C Colón)
2 collata Wetmore, 1952 vC Panama (E Coclé, W Panamá) [Wetmore, 1952 #4135]
2 margaritarum (Griscom, 1927) E Panama (SW Darién; Arch. de las Perlas; Isla Taboga, Isla Urabá, Isla Taboguilla)
Amazilia viridigaster Green-bellied Hummingbird
1 viridigaster (Bourcier, 1843) E slope of E Andes of Colombia (S Norte de Santander to W Meta)
1 iodura (Reichenbach, 1854)321 vAndes of SW Venezuela (S Mérida, SW Barinas) to NE Colombia (E Norte de Santander) [Reichenbach, 1854 #3234]
2 cupreicauda Salvin & Godman, 1884322 Tepuis of SE Venezuela, W Guyana and extreme N Brazil
2 duidae (Chapman, 1929) Tepuis of SC Venezuela (Cerro Duida in Amazonas)
2 laireti (W.H. Phelps, Jr. & Aveledo, 1988) Tepuis of S Venezuela (Sierra Tapirapecó, Serranía de la Neblina) [Phelps, 1988 #3055]
2 pacaraimae (Weller, 2000) SE Venezuela (Cerro Urutaní in S Bolívar) [Weller, 2000 #4109]
Amazilia tobaci323 Copper-rumped Hummingbird
monticola (Todd, 1913) Mountains of NW Venezuela (C Falcón, Lara, Yaracuy)
feliciae (Lesson, 1840)324 N Venezuela (north of R. Orinoco from Táchira to Carabobo and Anzoátegui)
caudata J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1949 vMountains of NE Venezuela (Sucre, Monagas) [Zimmer, 1949 #4306]
aliciae Richmond, 1895 Isla de Margarita (off N Venezuela)
erythronotos (Lesson, 1829) Trinidad
tobaci (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Tobago
caurensis (von Berlepsch & E. Hartert, 1902) vC and E Venezuela (south of R. Orinoco in N Amazonas and Bolívar)
TROCHILUS Linnaeus, 1758 M - Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus, 1758; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  325
Trochilus polytmus   Linnaeus, 1758 Red-billed Streamertail
vJamaica (except extreme E)
Trochilus scitulus   (Brewster & Bangs, 1901) Black-billed Streamertail
vExtreme E Jamaica
CHRYSURONIA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Ornismya oenone Lesson, 1832; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 23).  326
Chrysuronia oenone Golden-tailed Sapphire
oenone (Lesson, 1832)327 N and NW Venezuela, EC and S Colombia, E Ecuador, N Peru (N Amazonas, NW Loreto)
josephinae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1848)328 Andean foothills from N Peru (Ucayali) to N Bolivia (Cochabamba)
GOETHALSIA Nelson, 1912 F - Goethalsia bella Nelson, 1912; type by original designation and monotypy  
Goethalsia bella   Nelson, 1912 Pirre Hummingbird
vMountains of E Panama (E Darién) and adjacent NW Colombia (NW Chocó)
GOLDMANIA Nelson, 1911 F - Goldmania violiceps Nelson, 1911; type by original designation and monotypy  
Goldmania violiceps   Nelson, 1911 Violet-capped Hummingbird
iMountains of C Panama (E Colón) to extreme NW Colombia (Cerro Tacarcuna)
LEPIDOPYGA Reichenbach, 1855 F - Trochilus goudoti Bourcier, 1843; type by subsequent designation (Ridgway, 1911, Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 50, pt. 5, p. 537).  
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis329 Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
coeruleogularis (Gould, 1851) vPacific slope of W and C Panama (Chiriquí to C Panamá)
confinis Griscom, 1932 vCaribbean slope of E Panama (Comarca Guna Yala), NW Colombia (NW Chocó)
coelina (Bourcier, 1856) vN Colombia (N Chocó to N Magdalena)
Lepidopyga lilliae 330  Stone, 1917 Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
iLocally along coastal N Colombia (Atlántico to W Guajira)
Lepidopyga goudoti Shining-green Hummingbird
1 luminosa (Lawrence, 1862)331 vN Colombia (N Chocó to Cesar and Bolívar)
2 goudoti (Bourcier, 1843) C Colombia (upper and middle Magdalena valley)
2 zuliae Cory, 1918 NW Venezuela (N and NE Zulia)
1 phaeochroa Todd, 1942 NW Venezuela (S Zulia and NW Táchira to W Trujillo)
JULIAMYIA Bonaparte, 1854 F - Juliamyia typica Bonaparte, 1854; type by original designation = Ornismya julie Bourcier, 1843  332
Juliamyia julie Violet-bellied Hummingbird
panamensis (von Berlepsch, 1884) vC Panama (C Colón, W Panamá) to NW Colombia (R. Sinú)
julie (Bourcier, 1843)333 αN and C Colombia (R. Sinú to Magdalena and Bolívar, south in Magdalena valley to Tolima)
feliciana (Lesson, 1844) vSW Colombia (W Nariño) to NW Peru (Tumbes)
HYLOCHARIS Boie, 1831 F - Trochilus sapphirinus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 14).  334
Hylocharis eliciae Blue-throated Goldentail
eliciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) SE Mexico (S Veracruz, SE Oaxaca) to S Costa Rica
earina Wetmore, 1967335 vW Panama (mainly on Pacific slope) to NW Colombia (N Chocó) [Wetmore, 1967 #4150]
Hylocharis sapphirina 336  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Rufous-throated Sapphire
vE Ecuador, NE Peru to S and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N and C Brazil and NE Bolivia; E Paraguay, NE Argentina, SE Brazil
Hylocharis cyanus White-chinned Sapphire
viridiventris von Berlepsch, 1880 vNE and E Colombia, W, S and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N and E Amazonian Brazil
rostrata Boucard, 1895 vE Peru, NW Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
conversa J.T. Zimmer, 1950 vE Bolivia, N Paraguay, SW Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311]
cyanus (Vieillot, 1818) Coastal E Brazil (Pernambuco to Rio de Janeiro)
griseiventris Grantsau, 1988 vCoastal SE Brazil (São Paulo) and NE Argentina (Buenos Aires) [Grantsau, 1988 #1764]
Hylocharis chrysura 337  (Shaw, 1812) Gilded Hummingbird
vNE and S Bolivia to SE Brazil (São Paulo) and N Argentina (Santiago del Estero, N Buenos Aires)
Hylocharis humboldtii 338  (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) Humboldt's Sapphire
iCoastal SE Panama (SW Darién) and W Colombia to NW Ecuador (NW Esmeraldas)
Hylocharis grayi 339  (De Lattre & Bourcier, 1846) Blue-headed Sapphire
iInter-Andean valleys of W Colombia (Valle) to N Ecuador (N Pichincha)
Hylocharis xantusii   (Lawrence, 1861) α Xantus's Hummingbird
S Baja California, Isla Cerralvo
Hylocharis leucotis340 White-eared Hummingbird
borealis Griscom, 1929 vMountains of SW USA (SE Arizona) and N Mexico (E Sonora, W Chihuahua; SE Coahuila to SW Tamaulipas)
leucotis (Vieillot, 1818) vMountains of C and S Mexico (Durango and San Luis Potosí to Chiapas) and Guatemala
pygmaea (Simon & Hellmayr, 1908) vHighlands of El Salvador, Honduras and NC Nicaragua
Tribe LAMPORNITHINI
STERNOCLYTA Gould, 1858 F - Trochilus (Lampornis) cyanopectus Gould, 1846; type by original designation and monotypy  341
Sternoclyta cyanopectus   (Gould, 1846) Violet-chested Hummingbird
iAndes and Coastal Range of Venezuela
HYLONYMPHA Gould, 1873 F - Hylonympha macrocerca Gould, 1873; type by monotypy  
Hylonympha macrocerca   Gould, 1873 Scissor-tailed Hummingbird
vNE Venezuela (Paria Pen.)
EUGENES Gould, 1856 M - Trochilus fulgens Swainson, 1827; type by monotypy  
Eugenes fulgens Magnificent Hummingbird
fulgens (Swainson, 1827)342 Mountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico; SW Texas) to NC Nicaragua
spectabilis (Lawrence, 1867)343 vMountains of Costa Rica to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
PANTERPE Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 F - Panterpe insignis Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860; type by original designation and monotypy  
Panterpe insignis Fiery-throated Hummingbird
eisenmanni Stiles, 1985 Mountains of NW Costa Rica (Cordillera de Guanacaste) [Stiles, 1985 #3734]
insignis Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1860 vMountains of NC Costa Rica to W Panama (Chiriquí, Bocas del Toro)
HELIOMASTER Bonaparte, 1850 M - Ornismya angelae Lesson, 1833; type by subsequent designation (Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, p. 382). = Trochilus furcifer Shaw, 1812  
Heliomaster constantii Plain-capped Starthroat
pinicola Gould, 1853344 NW and W Mexico (S Sonora to Jalisco) [Gould, 1853 #15256]
leocadiae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1852) SW and S Mexico (Michoacán to Chiapas), Guatemala
constantii (De Lattre, 1843) Pacific slope from El Salvador to S Costa Rica
Heliomaster longirostris Long-billed Starthroat
pallidiceps Gould, 1861345 S Mexico (Guerrero, S Veracruz) to Nicaragua
longirostris (Audebert & Vieillot, 1801)346 vE and SW Costa Rica to the Guianas and Amazonia, Trinidad
albicrissa Gould, 1871 W Ecuador (Esmeraldas) to NW Peru (Cajamarca)
Heliomaster squamosus   (Temminck, 1823) Stripe-breasted Starthroat
vE Brazil (SE Ceará to Sergipe, SE Goiás and N São Paulo)
Heliomaster furcifer   (Shaw, 1812) Blue-tufted Starthroat
iC Bolivia to SW Brazil, N Argentina, N Uruguay and SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
LAMPORNIS Swainson, 1827 M - Lampornis amethystinus Swainson, 1827; type by monotypy  
Lampornis viridipallens347 Green-throated Mountain-gem
amadoni J.S. Rowley, 1968 Mountains of S Mexico (Sierra Atravesada in SE Oaxaca) [Rowley, 1968 #3402]
ovandensis (Brodkorb, 1939)348 vMountains of SE Mexico (Chiapas) and W Guatemala
viridipallens (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846)349 Highlands of E Guatemala, W Honduras and N El Salvador
nubivagus Dickey & van Rossem, 1929350 vHighlands of SW El Salvador
Lampornis sybillae 351  (Salvin & Godman, 1892) Green-breasted Mountain-gem
iHighlands of C Honduras and NC Nicaragua
Lampornis amethystinus Amethyst-throated Hummingbird
1 amethystinus Swainson, 1827 vMountains of E and C Mexico (W Tamaulipas to N Oaxaca)
1 circumventus (A.R. Phillips, 1966)352,353 δvMountains of S Mexico (west part of Sierra de Miahuatlán in S Oaxaca) [Phillips, 1966 #3066]
2 margaritae (Salvin & Godman, 1889)354,355 Mountains of SW Mexico (Nayarit and Jalisco to Michoacán and W Oaxaca)
2 salvini (Ridgway, 1908) Mountains of S Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala and El Salvador
2 nobilis Griscom, 1932 vHighlands of Honduras
Lampornis clemenciae Blue-throated Hummingbird
phasmorus Oberholser, 1974356 Mountains of SW USA (Chisos Mts. in SW Texas) [Oberholser, 1974 #2808]
bessophilus (Oberholser, 1918)357 vMountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, S New Mexico) to NW Mexico (Durango)
clemenciae (Lesson, 1830) αMountains of NE, C and S Mexico (Zacatecas and Nuevo León to Oaxaca)
Lampornis hemileucus 358  (Salvin, 1865) White-bellied Mountain-gem
vMountains of NC Costa Rica to W Panama (Bocas del Toro)
Lampornis calolaemus359 Purple-throated Mountain-gem
pectoralis (Salvin, 1891) vMountains of SW Nicaragua and NW Costa Rica (Cordillera de Guanacaste)
calolaemus (Salvin, 1865) vMountains of C Costa Rica (Cordillera de Tilarán, Cordillera Central)
homogenes Wetmore, 1967360 Mountains of W Panama (E Chiriquí, Veraguas, W Coclé) [Wetmore, 1967 #4150]
Lampornis castaneoventris White-throated Mountain-gem
cinereicauda (Lawrence, 1867)361 Mountains of S Costa Rica (Cordillera de Talamanca)
castaneoventris (Gould, 1851) vMountains of W Panama (W Chiriquí)
LAMPROLAIMA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Ornismya rhami Lesson, 1839; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 140).  
Lamprolaima rhami 362  (Lesson, 1839) α Garnet-throated Hummingbird
iMountains of S Mexico (Guerrero and E Puebla to Chiapas), Guatemala, Honduras, N El Salvador
Tribe MELLISUGINI
MYRTIS Reichenbach, 1854 F - Ornismya fanny Lesson, 1838; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 140).  
Myrtis fanny Purple-collared Woodstar
fanny (Lesson, 1838) Andes of Ecuador, W slope of Andes of Peru
megalura J.T. Zimmer, 1953 vMarañón valley of N Peru (S Cajamarca to N Huánuco) [Zimmer, 1953 #4318]
EULIDIA Mulsant in Mulsant & E. Verreaux, 1877 F - Trochilus yarrellii Bourcier, 1847; type by monotypy  363
Eulidia yarrellii   (Bourcier, 1847) Chilean Woodstar
iN Chile (Arica)
RHODOPIS Reichenbach, 1854 F - Ornismya vesper Lesson, 1829; type by monotypy  364
Rhodopis vesper Oasis Hummingbird
koepckeae Berlioz, 1975 αNW Peru (Cerro Illescas in SW Piura) [Berlioz, 1975 #291]
vesper (Lesson, 1829)365 NW Peru (Lambayeque) to N Chile (Tarapacá)
atacamensis (Leybold, 1869) vN Chile (Atacama)
THAUMASTURA Bonaparte, 1850 F - Ornismya cora Lesson & Garnot, 1827; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 21).  
Thaumastura cora 366  (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) Peruvian Sheartail
iNW Peru (Piura) to N Chile (Arica)
CHAETOCERCUS G.R. Gray, 1855 M - Ornismya jourdanii Bourcier, 1839; type by original designation and monotypy  367,368
Chaetocercus mulsant 369,370  (Bourcier, 1843) Θ White-bellied Woodstar
iC and E Andes of Colombia, Andes of Ecuador to C Bolivia (Cochabamba)
Chaetocercus bombus   Gould, 1871 Little Woodstar
iAndes of SW Colombia (Nariño) to C Peru (Huánuco)
Chaetocercus heliodor371 Gorgeted Woodstar
heliodor (Bourcier, 1840)372 Locally in Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida) and Colombia
cleavesi R.T. Moore, 1934 E slope of Andes of N Ecuador (W Sucumbíos to NW Morona-Santiago)
Chaetocercus astreans 373  (Bangs, 1899) Santa Marta Woodstar
iSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
Chaetocercus berlepschi   Simon, 1899 Esmeraldas Woodstar
iW Ecuador (W Esmeraldas to W Guayas)
Chaetocercus jourdanii Rufous-shafted Woodstar
andinus W.H. Phelps & W.H. Phelps, Jr., 1949 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of Venezuela to E Andes of Colombia (S Cesar, Norte de Santander) [Phelps, 1949 #3030]
rosae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Mountains of N Venezuela (Falcón, Yaracuy, Coastal Range from Carabobo to Miranda)
jourdanii (Bourcier, 1839) Mountains of NE Venezuela (Sucre, N Monagas); Trinidad
MYRMIA Mulsant, 1876 F - Calothorax micrurus Gould, 1854; type by monotypy  
Myrmia micrura   (Gould, 1854) Short-tailed Woodstar
vSW Ecuador (Isla la Plata and SW Manabí) to NW Peru (NW La Libertad)
MICROSTILBON Todd, 1913 M - Microstilbon insperatus Todd, 1913; type by original designation = Chaetocercus burmeisteri P.L. Sclater, 1888  
Microstilbon burmeisteri   (P.L. Sclater, 1888) α Slender-tailed Woodstar
iE slope of Andes from C Bolivia (SE Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz) to NW Argentina (Tucumán)
CALLIPHLOX Boie, 1831 F - Trochilus amethystinus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 23). = Trochilus amethystinus Boddaert, 1783  374
Calliphlox amethystina   (Boddaert, 1783) Amethyst Woodstar
vE Ecuador and E Colombia to the Guianas and south to N Bolivia, NE Argentina and SE Brazil
Calliphlox evelynae Bahama Woodstar
evelynae (Bourcier, 1847)375 Bahamas (except Great Inagua), Caicos Is.
lyrura (Gould, 1869) Great Inagua (Bahamas)
Calliphlox bryantae   (Lawrence, 1867) Magenta-throated Woodstar
iMountains of Costa Rica to WC Panama (Veraguas)
Calliphlox mitchellii   (Bourcier, 1847) Purple-throated Woodstar
iE Panama (E Darién); W Andes of Colombia (Valle) to SW Ecuador (Loja)
DORICHA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Trochilus enicurus Vieillot, 1818; type by monotypy  376
Doricha enicura   (Vieillot, 1818) Slender Sheartail
vMountains of S Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, W Honduras, N El Salvador
Doricha eliza   (Lesson & De Lattre, 1839) Mexican Sheartail
iE and S Mexico (C Veracruz; coastal N Yucatan Pen.)
TILMATURA Reichenbach, 1854 F - Ornismya dupontii Lesson, 1832; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 23).  377
Tilmatura dupontii   (Lesson, 1832) Sparkling-tailed Woodstar
iMountains of W and S Mexico (C Sinaloa and C Veracruz to Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua
CALOTHORAX G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Ornisma cyanopogon Lesson, 1829; type by original designation = Cynanthus lucifer Swainson, 1827  
Calothorax lucifer 378  (Swainson, 1827) Lucifer Hummingbird
vMountains of SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico; SW Texas) to C Mexico (Michoacán) >> W & S Mexico
Calothorax pulcher   Gould, 1859 Beautiful Hummingbird
vS Mexico (C Guerrero, S Puebla, Oaxaca)
ARCHILOCHUS Reichenbach, 1854 M - Trochilus alexandri Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846; type by monotypy  
Archilochus alexandri   (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) Black-chinned Hummingbird
iSW Canada, W USA, N and C Mexico (south to E Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí) >> W and SC Mexico
Archilochus colubris 379  (Linnaeus, 1758) Ruby-throated Hummingbird
iS Canada, C and E USA >> S Florida; W and S Mexico to W Panama
MELLISUGA Brisson, 1760 F - Mellisuga Brisson; type by tautonymy = Trochilus minimus Linnaeus, 1758  
Mellisuga minima Vervain Hummingbird
minima (Linnaeus, 1758) vJamaica
vielloti (Shaw, 1812)380 δHispaniola and neighbouring islands
Mellisuga helenae 381  (Lembeye, 1850) Bee Hummingbird
iCuba, Isla de la Juventud
CALYPTE Gould, 1856 F - Ornismya costae Bourcier, 1839; type by subsequent designation (Baird, Brewer & Ridgway, 1875, Hist. North Amer. Birds., Land Birds, 2, p. 453).  382
Calypte anna   (Lesson, 1829) Anna's Hummingbird
iSW Canada, W USA and NW Mexico (N Baja California)
Calypte costae   (Bourcier, 1839) Costa's Hummingbird
iSW USA (S California to W Arizona), NW Mexico (Baja California, Sonora) >> south to W Mexico
ATTHIS Reichenbach, 1854 F - Ornismya heloisa Lesson & DeLattre, 1839; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 141).  383
Atthis heloisa384 Bumblebee Hummingbird
margarethae R.T. Moore, 1937 Mountains of W Mexico (SE Sinaloa and SW Chihuahua to Jalisco)
heloisa (Lesson & De Lattre, 1839) Mountains of NE, C and S Mexico (C Tamaulipas to Guerrero and Oaxaca)
Atthis ellioti385 Wine-throated Hummingbird
ellioti Ridgway, 1878 Mountains of S Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala
selasphoroides Griscom, 1932 Highlands of Honduras and N El Salvador
SELASPHORUS Swainson, 1832 M - Trochilus rufus J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by monotypy  
Selasphorus platycercus 386  (Swainson, 1827) Broad-tailed Hummingbird
vMountains of WC USA (S Idaho, Wyoming) to S Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala
Selasphorus calliope 387,388  (Gould, 1847) Calliope Hummingbird
SW Canada, W USA, NW Mexico (N Baja California) >> W and S Mexico
Selasphorus rufus 389  (J.F. Gmelin, 1788) Rufous Hummingbird
vSE Alaska to NW USA (NW California, C Idaho) >> Mexico and Gulf coast of USA
Selasphorus sasin Allen's Hummingbird
sasin (Lesson, 1829) Coastal W USA (SW Oregon to S California) >> SC Mexico (México, Morelos, Puebla)
sedentarius G.B. Grinnell, 1929 vChannel Is. and adjacent coastal S California (Malibu to San Clemente)
Selasphorus flammula Volcano Hummingbird
simoni Carriker, 1910390 Mountains of C Costa Rica (Volcán Barva, Volcán Poás, Volcán Viejo)
flammula Salvin, 1865 αMountains of C Costa Rica (Volcán Irazú, Volcán Turrialba)
torridus Salvin, 1870 vMountains of S Costa Rica (Cordillera de Talamanca) to W Panama (Volcán Barú)
Selasphorus scintilla 391  (Gould, 1851) Scintillant Hummingbird
iMountains of NC Costa Rica (Cordillera de Tilarán) to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
Selasphorus ardens   Salvin, 1870 Glow-throated Hummingbird
iMountains of WC Panama (Chiriquí, Veraguas)

1 Classification of subfamilies and genera adopted from McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], with modifications for unsampled taxa based on Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
2 Hybrids known to Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] not listed: two described since are Augasma cyaneoberillina Berlioz, 1965 [Berlioz, 1965 #288] and Phasmornis mystica Oberholser, 1974 [Oberholser, 1974 #2808]. Others resolved since are footnoted.
3 Includes pamprepta; see Hu et al. (2000) [Hu Da-Shih, 2000 #2028], but see also Schmitz-Ornés & Schuchmann (2011) [Schmitz-Ornés, 2011 #13269].
4 For recognition see Hu et al. (2000) [Hu Da-Shih, 2000 #2028], but see also Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Schmitz-Ornés & Schuchmann (2011) [Schmitz-Ornés, 2011 #13269].
5 Treatment as a separate species from T. pella controversial; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Schmitz-Ornés & Schuchmann (2011) [Schmitz-Ornés, 2011 #13269], but see also Hu et al. (2000) [Hu Da-Shih, 2000 #2028].
6 Subspecies assignment is uncertain for populations from WC Brazil.
7 Previously treated in a monotypic genus Melanotrochilus, but see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
8 Includes munda; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
9 For confirmation of inclusion in Phaethornithinae see Bleiweiss et al. (2003) [Bleiweiss, 2003 #345].
10 Formerly placed by some authors, e.g., Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] in Ramphodon, but see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972].
11 Treated as a subspecies of G. hirsutus by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but occurs parapatrically without interbreeding (Hinkelmann 1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
12 Forms a superspecies with G. aeneus; see (Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
13 Includes affinis, mazeppa Lesson, 1832 [Lesson, 1832 #14293] and abrawayae Ruschi, 1973 [Ruschi, 1973 #3422]; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
14 The name Threnetes grzimeki Ruschi, 1973 [Ruschi, 1973 #3424], refers to immature specimens of this taxon (Hinkelmann 1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1968].
15 Gill & Gerwin (1989) [Gill, 1989 #14215] recommended placing Threnetes in Glaucis.
16 Population from E Panama to N and W Colombia has been called darienensis, but this thought to represent intergradation among the subspecies; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
17 Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973] treated this as conspecific with T. niger.
18 Proposed as a separate species and so treated, e.g. by Meyer de Schauensee (1970) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1970 #2678], but treated as a subspecies of T. niger by Hinkelmann (1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1968]. Includes freirei Ruschi, 1976 [Ruschi, 1976 #3427]; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
19 Includes cristinae Ruschi, 1975 [Ruschi, 1975 #3426]; see Hinkelmann (1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1968].
20 Previously placed in Phaethornis, e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972] and Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
21 For treatment as a separate species from P. squalidus, as treated by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972].
22 May merit treatment as a separate species (Hinkelmann 1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
23 This species previously treated as conspecific with P. striigularis and P. atrimentalis, but see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
24 The name imatacae Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1952 [Phelps, 1952 #3034] relates to a hybrid specimen, as does aethopyga J.T. Zimmer, 1950 [Zimmer, 1950 #4307]; see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
25 For treatment as a valid taxon, at the species level, see Piacentini et al. (2009) [Piacentini, 2009 #11795]. It had previously been treated by Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] as a hybrid between P. ruber and P. rupurumii amazonicus.
26 For treatment as a separate species from P. longuemareus, see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
27 Includes P. maranhaoensis Grantsau, 1968 [Grantsau, 1968 #1762]; see Hinkelmann (1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1969].
28 For treatment as a separate species from P. longuemareus, see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
29 Included in atrimentalis by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307], but see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972].
30 For treatment as a separate species from P. longuemareus, see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
31 Includes adolphi, preoccupied; two substitute names exist nelsoni and cordobae Zimmer, 1950 [Zimmer, 1950 #4307], but due to the revised range saturatus has precedence; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
32 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307].
33 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307] and Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972], but see also Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
34 Treated as subspecies of P. stuarti by Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307], but see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972].
35 For treatment as a separate species from P. ruber see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307].
36 Forms a superspecies with P. augusti; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
37 The names schwarti Ruschi, 1975 [Ruschi, 1975 #3425], and minor Grantsau, 1988 [Grantsau, 1988 #1764], represent individual variation (Hinkelmann, 1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
38 The name P. nigrirostris Ruschi, 1973 [Ruschi, 1973 #3423], has been given to aberrant black-billed individuals (Hinkelmann 1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1968].
39 Includes pinheiroi Ruschi, 1965 [Ruschi, 1965 #3420]; see Vasconcelos (2008) [Vasconcelos, 2008 #14236].
40 Included in nominate eurynome by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Hinkelmann & Schuchmann (1997) [Hinkelmann, 1997 #1972].
41 Includes fuliginosus; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
42 Included in apicalis by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307].
43 Includes huallagae; see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307].
44 Forms a superspecies with P. koepckeae; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
45 Includes whitelyi; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
46 Formerly treated as a subspecies of P. superciliosus but see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971], who also noted that P. longirostris itself may consist of more than one species.
47 Includes veraecrucis; see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
48 Includes cassinii; see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
49 Correct original spelling. Spelling sussurus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
50 May merit treatment as a separate species (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
51 Includes saturatior; see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
52 Treated as a subspecies of P. malaris by Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307], but see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
53 For treatment as a separate species from P. superciliosus see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
54 The name ucayalii Zimmer, 1950 [Zimmer, 1950 #4307] relates to intergrades between moorei and bolivianus; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
55 May merit treatment as a separate species (Hinkelmann 1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
56 Includes insignis; see Hinkelmann (1996) [Hinkelmann, 1996 #1971].
57 For treatment as a subspecies of P. malaris see Hinkelmann (1988) [Hinkelmann, 1988 #1968]. Includes camargoi Grantsau, 1988 [Grantsau, 1988 #1764]; see Hinkelmann (1999) [Hinkelmann, 1999 #1973].
58 We act as First Revisers in selecting Polytminae Reichenbach, 1849 (type genus Polytmus Brisson, 1760) to take precedence over Avocettulinae Reichenbach (type genus Avocettula Reichenbach, 1849 = Anthracothorax Swainson, 1822) as the name for this subfamily (Art. 24.2, I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059].
59 Formerly placed in Phaethornithinae but see Bleiweiss et al. (1994) [Bleiweiss, 1994 #344] and McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
60 Includes rectirostris and grisea; see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4307].
61 Included in Augastes by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
62 May merit recognition as a separate species (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
63 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] used the name bolivianus for this population, but Berlioz (1941) [Berlioz, 1941 #283] considered the type of bolivianus to be an artifact.
64 For probable relationship to Colibri see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
65 For acceptance of three subspecies see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
66 Invariable; mistakenly treated as variable by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
67 Includes greenewalti Ruschi, 1962 [Ruschi, 1962 #3417]; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
68 Includes minor; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
69 Not mentioned by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
70 Doubtfully diagnosable from cyanotus (Stiles 1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
71 Includes rostratus Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1952 [Phelps, 1952 #3034]; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
72 Formerly placed in Phaethornithinae but see Bleiweiss et al. (1994) [Bleiweiss, 1994 #344] and McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
73 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] used the name cornutus Wied, 1822. Temminck's prior name dates from the wrapper for livraison 3; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Dickinson (2012) [Dickinson, 2012 #13798].
74 Includes major, sometimes treated as a subspecies of H. auritus; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
75 Forms a superspecies with H. barroti; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
76 Formerly thought to be closely related to Leucochloris and Leucippus by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], but see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
77 Considered to form a superspecies with P. milleri by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
78 Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] explained that the name andinus is not preoccupied; the name doctus is thus a synonym.
79 Formerly, e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated in the monotypic genus Waldronia, but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312].
80 Formerly e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated in the monotypic genus Smaragdites but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312].
81 Included in Anthracothorax by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
82 Includes pinchoti; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
83 For treatment as separate species from A. prevostii see Olson (1993) [Olson, 1993 #14223].
84 Forms a superspecies with A. prevostii and A. veraguensis, possibly also including A. viridigula; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
85 Previously treated, e.g. by Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310] as a subspecies of A. prevostii and placement still tentative; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739], Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274], Schmitz-Ornés (2006) [Schmitz-Ornés, 2006 #10058].
86 Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Sericotes but see A.O.U. (1998) [A.O.U., 1998 #9], Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], and McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
87 We act as First Revisers in selecting Lesbiinae Reichenbach, 1853 (type genus Lesbia Lesson, 1832) to take precedence over Oreotrochilinae Reichenbach, 1853 (type genus Oreotrochilus Gould, 1847), Metallurinae Riechenbach, 1853 (type genus Metallura Gould, 1847), Heliantheinae Reichenbach, 1853 (type genus Helianthea Gould, 1848 = Coeligena Lesson, 1832), and Docimastinae Reichenbach, 1893 (type genus Docimastes Gould, 1849 = Ensifera Lesson, 1843
88 For treatment as a separate species from H. amethysticollis see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
89 May form a superspecies with H. strophianus; see Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
90 Includes verdiscutus Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1955 [Phelps, 1955 #3040]; see Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
91 Treated as a separate species, including also violiceps (and spencei), by Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4315].
92 For treatment as a separate species from H. exortis see Bleiweiss (1992) [Bleiweiss, 1992 #14211] and Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
93 Includes pyropus Weller, 2011 [Weller, 2011 #13549]; also includes H. splendidus Weller, 2011 [Weller, 2011 #13549]. See Appendix 2.2.
94 Known only from the type specimen, and not considered a valid species by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535]; however, Kirchman et al. (2010) [Kirchman, 2010 #11973] found that not only is it a valid species, but that it does not belong in Heliangelus and is rather a member of a group that includes Aglaiocercus, Taphrolesbia, and Adelomyia.
95 Correct original spelling. Spelling sephanoides in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] a later ISS from the same work.
96 Monotypic treatment of Roy (1999) [Roy, 1999 #3406] presumably includes albicans A. Kleinschmidt, 1970 [Kleinschmidt, 1970 #2236], although this seems to have been an infrasubspecific name and thus unavailable, and mariannae A. Kleinschmidt, 1970 [Kleinschmidt, 1970 #2236].
97 Name taken from plate appearing before text requires recognition of joint authorship see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
98 Includes † leyboldi; see Johow (2007) [Johow, 2007 #11726], who concluded that there is no evidence that the species ever occurred on Isla Alejandro Selkirk.
99 Includes Popelairia; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
100 For continued recognition as a valid species see Graves (1999) [Graves, 1999 #14220].
101 Correct original spelling. Invariable; noun phrase in apposition; incorrectly treated as variable by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
102 Includes Paphosia; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
103 In the original work the plate dates from 1833, but this name was introduced in the text in 1832.
104 For treatment as a separate species from L. delattrei see Banks (1990) [Banks, 1990 #194].
105 Lophornis melaniae represents aberrant specimens or faded skins of L. d. delattrei; see Walters (1997) [Walters, 1997 #4078].
106 Presumably the sister to L. pavoninus; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343]. These were formerly (Peters 1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] placed in a separate genus Polemistria, but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310].
107 For correction to authorship see Dickinson (2010) [Dickinson, 2010 #12609].
108 See Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310] for precedence to be given to Temminck as author. However, Bechstein (1811) may be the correct original author, although evidence for this has yet to be published.
109 Includes punctigula Zimmer & Phelps, 1946 [Zimmer, 1946 #4301]; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
110 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated this and its presumed sister species L. adorabilis in Paphosia; included in Lophornis by Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
111 Forms a superspecies with P. harterti; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
112 Not mentioned in Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
113 Includes chlorospila; see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314], but see also Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
114 Forms a superspecies with A. coelestis and A. berlepschi; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
115 Formerly, e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated as a separate species, but see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685].
116 Correct original spelling. Spelling kingi in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] an ISS.
117 Formerly treated as a subspecies of A. kingii; for treatment as a separate species see Schuchmann & Duffner (1993) [Schuchmann, 1993 #14225].
118 Correct original spelling. Invariable; noun phrase in apposition; mistakenly treated as variable by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
119 Species limits controversial (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535]. Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated stolzmanni, bolivianus and estella as separate species, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
120 For treatment as a separate species from O. estella see Fjeldså (1999) [Fjeldså, 1999 #4377].
121 Forms a superspecies with O. chimborazo, and O.leucopleurus, and with O. stolzmanni when that taxon is treated as a separate species; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
122 Formerly, e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated as a separate species, but may not be diagnosable; see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314]. For recognition see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
123 Treated as a subspecies of O. estella by Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
124 The name eucharis probably represents hybrids between this and L. nuna; see Weller & Schuchmann (2004) [Weller, 2004 #4114]. Treated as a subspecies of L. victoriae by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
125 Zodalia glyceria, treated as a valid species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], is a hybrid between L. victoriae and Chalcostigma herrani; see Graves (1999) [Graves, 1999 #14220].
126 Includes aequatorialis; see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315].
127 Treated as a separate species, including gracilis, pallidiventris, aureliae, and huallagae, by Weller & Schuchmann (2004) [Weller, 2004 #4114].
128 The subspecies eucharis is rejected by these authors, finding it, and apparently the junior synonym (chlorura) see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] to be a hybrid (L. nuna X L. victoriae); this name assumes part of the range previously associated with that.
129 Treated as not diagnosable from nominate nuna by Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343], but see Weller & Schuchmann (2004) [Weller, 2004 #4114].
130 Includes andicola; see Weller & Schuchmann (2002) [Weller, 2002 #4113].
131 Almost certainly polyphyletic (McGuire et al. 2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
132 Includes aureofastigatum; see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685].
133 Treated in Metallura by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685].
134 May consist of more than one species (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
135 Original spelling stübelii.
136 Includes peruviana; see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685].
137 Forms a superspecies with M. baroni, M. odomae, M. theresiae, M. eupogon, and M. aeneocauda; see Graves (1980) [Graves, 1980 #1769].
138 For recognition see Heindl & Schuchmann (1998) [Heindl, 1998 #1929].
139 Named for the son of the Comtesse de Primoli. The author by using the spelling primolinus, and not primolius, indicated use of an adjectival word, contra Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
140 May merit recognition as a separate species (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
141 Treated as a subspecies of M. eupogon by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685] and Heindl & Schuchmann (1998) [Heindl, 1998 #1929].
142 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1952) [Zimmer, 1952 #9685].
143 We act as First Revisers in selecting Heliantheini Reichenbach, 1853 (type genus Helianthea Gould, 1848 = Coeligena Lesson, 1832) to take precedence over Docimastini Reichenbach, 1853 (type genus Docimastes Gould, 1849 = Ensifera Lesson, 1843) as the name for this tribe (Art. 24.2, I.C.Z.N., 1999) [I.C.Z.N., 1999 #2059].
144 Species limits and subspecies classification follows Schuchmann et al. (2000) [Schuchmann, 2000 #3537].
145 This and galindoi treated as not diagnosable by Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960], but see Schuchmann et al. (2000) [Schuchmann, 2000 #3537].
146 Includes bernali Romero & Hérnandez, 1979 [Romero-Zambrano, 1979 #3375]; see Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
147 For treatment as a separate species from H. aureliae see Schuchmann et al. (2000) [Schuchmann, 2000 #3537]; thus treated here as allospecies.
148 Composition and linear sequence derived from Schuchmann et al. (2001) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538].
149 Eriocnemis isaacsonii, treated by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] as a valid species, is now treated as a hybrid (Heynen 1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
150 Eriocnemis soderstromi, treated as a questionable species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], is considered a hybrid between this and E. luciani; see Graves (1996) [Graves, 1996 #14218].
151 Original spelling arcosi. Here emended based on internal information: named for Laura Arcos.
152 Includes longirostris; see Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960], but see also Schuchmann et al. (2001) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538].
153 Status uncertain. Graves (1996) [Graves, 1996 #14218] suspected that it represents a hybrid.
154 Considered to form a superspecies with E. godini by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
155 Includes marcapatae J.T. Zimmer, 1951 [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]; see Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960].
156 Treated as a separate species by Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960], Schuchmann et al. (2001) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538], and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
157 For treatment as monotypic see Bleiweiss (1988) [Bleiweiss, 1988 #14210] and Heynen (1999) [Heynen, 1999 #1960], but see also Schuchmann et al. (2001) [Schuchmann, 2001 #3538].
158 Considered to form a superspecies with E. mirabilis by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
159 For correct source and spelling see David & Peterson (2010) [David, 2010 #12493].
160 McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964] found this is closely related to, if not embedded within, Eriocnemis.
161 Forms a superspecies with A. castelnaudii, possibly also including A. aliciae; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
162 Includes parvula, ruficauda and cajabambae J.T. Zimmer, 1951 [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
163 Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315] suggested that this might be better treated as a subspecies of A. cupripennis.
164 Linear sequence of species derived from Parra et al. (2009) [Parra, 2009 #11909].
165 Includes zuloagae Phelps & Phelps, Jr., 1959 [Phelps, 1959 #3045]; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
166 Included in boliviana by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
167 Forms a superspecies with C. wilsoni; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
168 Includes assimilis, variously treated as a variant or valid subspecies; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
169 Correct original spelling. Spelling fuligidigula in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
170 Treated as a separate species, including omissa, by Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343], but see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4304].
171 The back cover of the journal issue is dated 20 April 1998.
172 Includes hypocrita; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
173 Treated as a subspecies of C. bonapartei by Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343], but see Krabbe et al. (2005) [Krabbe, 2005 #9931] and Parra et al. (2009) [Parra, 2009 #11909].
174 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343], but see Wetmore & Phelps (1952) [Wetmore, 1952 #4136] and Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
175 Subspecies classification follows Schuchmann et al. (2003) [Schuchmann, 2003 #3540].
176 Includes tamae Phelps & Aveledo, 1987 [Phelps, 1987 #3054]; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Schuchmann et al. (2003) [Schuchmann, 2003 #3540].
177 For recognition see Schuchmann et al. (2003) [Schuchmann, 2003 #3540].
178 Includes caerulescens; see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314] and Graves (1991) [Graves, 1991 #14217].
179 Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] suggested that Pterophanes should probably be merged into Coeligena, but McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964] showed that they are not sister taxa.
180 Included in nominate underwoodii by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4315].
181 Includes ambiguus Zimmer, 1951 [Zimmer, 1951 #4315]; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
182 Meyer de Schauensee (1964) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1964 #14133] used the spelling eulcura, apparently a lapsus calami.
183 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
184 Includes rostrata; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
185 For treatment as a separate species from U. benjamini see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Stiles et al. (2006) [Stiles, 2006 #10082]; thus treated here as allospecies.
186 Includes intermedia; see Stiles et al. (2006) [Stiles, 2006 #10082].
187 The species treated here and their sequence follow Gerwin & Zink (1989) [Gerwin, 1989 #1696].
188 Formerly placed in genus Agapeta, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
189 Formerly treated in the monotypic genus Lampraster, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
190 Formerly treated in monotypic genus Ionolaima, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
191 Formerly placed in monotypic genus Polyplancta but see Gerwin & Zink (1989) [Gerwin, 1989 #1696] and McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
192 Formerly treated in monotypic genus Phaiolaima, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
193 Correct original spelling. No internal evidence permitting emendation. The spelling jamesoni used by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] is an ISS.
194 Formerly, e.g. as in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], treated in monotypic genus Eugenia, but see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
195 This and otero not mentioned by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; for recognition see Zimmer (1951) [Zimmer, 1951 #4314].
196 Although traditionally placed in linear sequences among Andean genera, especially Coeligena (see Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964] found that it has no close relatives in the Trochilinae.
197 Includes Ptochoptera iolaima, formerly treated as a valid species, e.g. by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but now thought to be an artifact (Meyer de Schauensee 1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] or a hybrid (Berlioz 1938) [Berlioz, 1938 #14209], (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
198 The mellisugus superspecies has been defined in differing ways by authors such as Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and species limits are controversial.
199 Includes pumilus; see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
200 For treatment as a subspecies of C. gibsoni see Stiles (1996) [Stiles, 1996 #3737].
201 Treated as a subspecies of C. canivetii by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] but see Stiles (1996) [Stiles, 1996 #3737].
202 Species name formerly prasinus, see e.g. Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311].
203 Considered to form a superspecies with C. olivaresi, and with C. auriceps, C. forficatus, C. canivetii, C. assimilis, C. melanorhynchus and C. gibsoni when these are treated as distinct species.
204 Treated as a subspecies of C. canivetii by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Stiles (1996) [Stiles, 1996 #3737].
205 Includes nanus; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
206 This, not phaeopygus, is von Tschudi's original spelling; see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311].
207 Omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; for recognition see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311] and Stiles (1996) [Stiles, 1996 #3737]; but see also Bündgen (1999) [Bündgen, 1999 #619].
208 Includes vitticeps; see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311].
209 Status uncertain; for recognition as valid species and apparent closest relatives see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4105].
210 Includes aeneoviridis, treated as a synonym of bracei by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; see Graves & Olson (1987) [Graves, 1987 #1778].
211 Forms a superspecies with C. ricordii and C. swainsonii, all of which were once placed in a separate genus Riccordia; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
212 Listed as Chlorostilbon aureoventris by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and most recent classifications; for use of the prior name lucidus see Pacheco & Whitney (2006) [Pacheco, 2006 #9423].
213 Includes the name minutus Berlioz, 1949 [Berlioz, 1949 #284]; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
214 Omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but doubtfully diagnosable from nominate subspecies (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
215 Fjeldså & Krabbe (1990) [Fjeldså, 1990 #1570] suggested that this might be best treated as a subspecies of C. poortmani.
216 Status uncertain; perhaps a synonym of C. alice or a hybrid; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
217 Hilty & Brown (1986) [Hilty, 1986 #1967] suggested that this might be best treated as a subspecies of C. stenurus.
218 Includes C. inexpectatus, treated as a questionably valid species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
219 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311] for treatment as a subspecies of C. poortmani.
220 Almost certainly embedded within Chlorostilbon; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
221 Includes toroi; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
222 Treated as a separate species by Garcia-Deras et al. (2008) [Garcia-Deras, 2008 #10791].
223 Almost certainly embedded within Chlorostilbon, where closely related to other Caribbean species; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
224 Included in Chlorostilbon by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535]; although consistent with genetic data (McGuire et al. 2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964] broader taxon-sampling needed.
225 Includes cyanogenys; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
226 See Walters (1996) [Walters, 1996 #4077] for the corrected attribution of the name notatus from Reichenbach, 1895 to Reich, 1793.
227 For recognition see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310].
228 Omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; for recognition see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4310].
229 Dual original spellings; David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #11541] acted as first revisers.
230 Included in Campylopterus by Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343], but see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
231 Included in Campylopterus by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
232 For recognition see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
233 For correction of authorship see Quaisser & Weller (2005) [Quaisser, 2005 #3173].
234 Includes yucatanensis; see Friedmann et al. (1950) [Friedmann, 1950 #10178].
235 May merit treatment as a separate species (González et al. 2011) [González, 2011 #12779].
236 Treated as a subspecies of C. curvipennis by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343]; for treatment as species see Lowery & Dahlquest (1951) [Lowery, 1951 #2447] and González et al. (2011) [González, 2011 #12779].
237 For correction of authorship see Quaisser & Weller (2005) [Quaisser, 2005 #3173].
238 Treated as a subspecies of C. hyperythrus by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
239 Correct original spelling. Spelling guayquinimae in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
240 Includes zuloagae Phelps & Phelps, 1948 [Phelps, 1948 #3028]; see Sánchez Osés (1999) [Sánchez Osés, 1999 #3485].
241 Included in Campylopterus by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
242 Forms a superspecies with E. cyanophrys and E. poliocerca; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
243 For treatment as a separate species from E. eximia see Rowley & Orr (1964) [Rowley, 1964 #3401].
244 Subspecific nomenclature complex due to uncertainty over type locality of species; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
245 May merit treatment as a separate species (Meyer de Schauensee 1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
246 Formerly treated as a separate species but see Eisenmann & Howell (1962) [Eisenmann, 1962 #14214].
247 Treated as a subspecies of C. buffonii by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but thought to be a subspecies of C. urochrysia by Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739]. May merit treatment as a separate species; see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
248 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] treated this as a subspecies in broadly defined T. furcata but see Escalante-Pliego & Peterson (1992) [Escalante-Pliego, 1992 #1511].
249 For treatment as a separate species from T. fannyae and T. furcata, see Escalante-Pliego & Peterson (1992) [Escalante, 1992 #1511].
250 May merit treatment as a separate species, including townsendi as a subspecies (Stiles 1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
251 Doubtfully diagnosable from nominate subspecies (Stiles 1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
252 Original spelling fannyi. Here emended based on internal information; named for Mrs. Wilson.
253 The fannyae group is often treated as a separate species from T. colombica following Escalante-Pliego & Peterson (1992) [Escalante-Pliego, 1992 #1511], but see Donegan (2012) [Donegan, 2012 #14212].
254 Doubtfully diagnosable from verticeps; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739]. Presumably includes T. nigricapilla Valdés & Schuchmann, 2009 [Valdés, 2009 #12035]; see Appendix 2.2.
255 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739] and Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
256 Forms a superspecies with T. ridgwayi and T. colombica; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
257 Includes T. lerchi, treated as a questionable species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and now generally regarded as a hybrid of T. furcata and Chrysuronia oenone; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
258 For recognition see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311]. Includes taczanowskii, treated as a synonym of jelskii by Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4311]; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
259 May derive from a zone of intergradation between viridipectus, simoni, and boliviana; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
260 Tentatively includes rupicola Grantsau, 2010 [Grantsau, 2010 #12748]; see Appendix 2.2.
261 Although type locality is given as Guyana, most subsequent authors have regarded this as an error.
262 Forms a superspecies with T. watertonii; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
263 Placed in Talaphorus by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and in Leucippus by Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], but most authors follow Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] in retaining monotypic Taphrospilus.
264 Includes peruvianus; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
265 This genus is not monophyletic (McGuire et al. 2009 [McGuire, 2009 #10964]), but reclassification of species awaits more thorough taxon-sampling.
266 Includes Talaphorus; see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312].
267 Includes cervina and occidentalis Phelps & Phelps, 1949 [Phelps, 1949 #3029]; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
268 This and L. chlorocercus formerly placed in Talaphorus, but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312].
269 Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] revised Amazilia by elevating subgenera Saucerottia and Polyerata to full genera and by recognising genus Agyrtria Reichenbach, 1854, which was a new name for Thaumatias, a junior objective synonym of Polytmus. None of these is monophyletic (McGuire et al. 2009 [McGuire, 2009 #10964]), but reclassification awaits more thorough taxon-sampling.
270 This and A. viridicauda placed in Leucippus by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], but see Zimmer (1950) [Zimmer, 1950 #4312].
271 Presumably includes A. nigrirostris; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
272 This is a nomen novum for the bird described as leucogaster in 1844.
273 This name dates from April and has precedence over hypoleuca.
274 Considered to form a superspecies with A. castaneiventris by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
275 Occasionally treated as a separate species, but see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
276 Omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; for recognition see Weller & Schuchmann (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4107].
277 Forms a superspecies with A. yucatanensis; see Mayr & Short (1970) [Mayr, 1970 #2566].
278 For continued recognition see Grant (1965) [Grant, 1965 #13993].
279 For modification of traditional range see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
280 Treated as a separate species by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], Weller (2000) [Weller, 2000 #4108], and Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #1384], but see Krabbe & Ridgely (2010) [Krabbe, 2010 #12172].
281 The original dipthong in this name shows this to be the correct spelling, not leucophaea as used by Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
282 For recognition see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
283 Considered to form a superspecies with A. brevirostris by Weller & Schuchmann (2009) [Weller, 2009 #11773].
284 The status of proposed subspecies meracula is uncertain; see Zimmer (1929) [Zimmer, 1929 #14227] and Griscom & Greenway (1941) [Griscom, 1941 #1828].
285 This, hollandi, and nitidifrons may each merit treatment as a separate species (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
286 May merit treatment as a separate species (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
287 May merit treatment as a separate species (Schuchmann 1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
288 Treated as a separate species by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
289 For recognition see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
290 Formerly listed as A. chionopectus, but see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106] and Weller & Schuchmann (2009) [Weller, 2009 #11773]; see also Chebez et al. (2008) [Chebez, 2008 #11703].
291 Includes whitelyi; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
292 Includes A. veneta, treated as a questionable species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
293 May merit treatment as a separate species or as a subspecies of A. versicolor; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
294 Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106] supposed this was named in the genus Argyrtria Reichenbach, 1854, but in fact Meise described it in Agyrtrina Chubb, 1910, which has a different type species.
295 Considered to form a superspecies with A. boucardi by Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
296 Includes costaricensis; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
297 Treated as a subspecies of A. amabilis by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], but most classifications follow Wetmore (1968) [Wetmore, 1968 #4151]. Treated here as two allospecies.
298 Includes verticalis Deppe, 1830 [Deppe, 1830 #10938], see A.O.U. (1983) [A.O.U., 1983 #8]. Also includes guatemalensis; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106]. Also includes microrhyncha, treated as a species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; see Phillips (1971) [Phillips, 1971 #14224].
299 The date for this page in Lesson's work corrected by Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
300 Forms a superspecies with A. cyanura; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
301 For correction of authorship see Quaisser & Weller (2005) [Quaisser, 2005 #3173].
302 For recognition see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
303 For recognition see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
304 May merit treatment as a separate species (Weller 1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
305 Includes australis Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 [Meyer de Schauensee, 1951 #2671]; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
306 Original spelling saucerrottei. Here emended based on internal information.
307 Forms a superspecies with A. saucerrotei; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
308 Known from only one specimen. Treated as a separate species by Weller (1999, 2001) [Weller, 1999 #4106] [Weller, 2001 #4112], but Banks et al. (2002) [Banks, 2002 #201] treated it as a dubious taxon and probable hybrid.
309 Forms a superspecies with A. viridifrons; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
310 Includes conjuncta; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
311 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] listed this as a synonym of A. v. violiceps. For recognition as a separate species see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
312 For continued treatment as a subspecies of A. viridifrons see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106]. Includes rowleyi S.N.G. Howell, 1993 [Howell, 1993 #2015]; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106] and Peterson & Navarro, (2000) [Peterson, 2000 #3027].
313 Given as 1964 in Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106], but actually published in 1966; see Dickerman & Parkes (1997) [Dickerman, 1997 #1353].
314 Considered to form a superspecies with A. lactea by Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
315 Amazilia distans Wetmore & Phelps, 1956 [Wetmore, 1956 #4140] is now thought to be a hybrid between this species and Hylocharis cyanus; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106], but see also Restall et al. (2006) [Restall, 2006 #12477]. Amazilia cyaneotincta, treated as a species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], is probably an aberrant A. fimbriata or A. amabilis see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
316 Includes obscuricauda Zimmer & Phelps, 1951 [Zimmer, 1951 #4316]; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
317 Includes maculicaudus and alia J.T. Zimmer, 1950 [Zimmer, 1950 #4312]; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
318 This and bartletti may each merit treatment as separate species; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
319 Includes ludibunda Wetmore, 1952 [Wetmore, 1952 #4135]; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
320 Includes crosbyi; see Wetmore (1968) [Wetmore, 1968 #4151]; Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106] treated it as a synonym of margaritarum.
321 Not included in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; for recognition see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
322 The cupreicauda group was treated as a separate species by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535] and Weller (2000) [Weller, 2000 #4109].
323 Forms a superspecies with A. viridigaster; they were formerly treated as conspecific but see Weller (1999, 2000) [Weller, 1999 #4106] [Weller, 2000 #4109].
324 Includes apurensis; see Weller (1999) [Weller, 1999 #4106].
325 Nested within broadly defined Amazilia; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but reclassification of species awaits more additional taxon-sampling.
326 Nested within Amazilia (McGuire et al. 2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but formal changes await additional taxon sampling.
327 Includes longirostris and azurea; the name intermedia is thought to apply to a hybrid (Stiles 1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
328 Includes alleni; see Valdes-Velasquez & Schuchmann (2001) [Valdes-Velasquez, 2001 #3904].
329 Nested within Amazilia; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but formal changes await additional taxon-sampling.
330 Treated as a subspecies of L. coeruleogularis by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] but as species by Meyer de Schauensee (1949) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1949 #2669]. Status uncertain; may even be just a morph or age stage of L. coeruleogularis; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
331 Treated as a separate species, including phaeochroa, by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but treated as conspecific by Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676] and subsequent authors.
332 Replaces Damophila, which is preoccupied in Lepidoptera; see Özdikmen (2008) [Özdikmen, 2008 #14061], whose proposal of Neodamophila was unnecessary, this earlier name being applicable and available.
333 For correct source and spelling see David & Peterson (2010) [David, 2010 #12493].
334 This genus is not monophyletic (McGuire et al. 2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but reclassification of species awaits additional taxon-sampling.
335 For recognition see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
336 Nested within Amazilia; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but formal changes await additional taxon sampling.
337 Includes lessoni Pinto & Camargo, 1955 [Pinto, 1955 #3085]; see Pinto (1978) [Pinto, 1978 #3092].
338 For treatment as a separate species from H. grayi see Ridgely & Greenfield (2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274] and comments in Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
339 Nested within Amazilia; see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964], but formal changes await additional taxon-sampling.
340 Placed along with H. xantusii in genus Basilinna by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535], who also treated these two species as a superspecies.
341 This and Hylonympha both included in Eugenes by Renner & Schuchmann (2001) [Renner, 2001 #3252].
342 Includes viridiceps; see A.R. Phillips et al. (1964) [Phillips, 1964 #4743] and Powers (1999) [Powers, 1999 #3116].
343 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Powers (1999) [Powers, 1999 #3116] and Renner & Schuchmann (2004) [Renner, 2004 #3254].
344 Omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739]. Includes surdus, which was included in leocadiae by Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739], but see Friedmann et al. (1950) [Friedmann, 1950 #10178].
345 Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739] treated masculinus A.R. Phillips, 1966 [Phillips, 1966 #3066] as a synonym of longirostris, but its type locality places it in the synonymy of this subspecies. However, whether pallidiceps itself is diagnosable is questionable (Stiles 1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
346 Includes stuartae; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
347 Forms a superspecies with L. sybillae; see Monroe (1963) [Monroe, 1963 #14222].
348 Doubtfully diagnosable (Züchner 1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
349 Includes connectens; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
350 Doubtfully diagnosable (Züchner 1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
351 For treatment as a separate species from L. viridipallens and treatment of them as forming a superspecies, see Monroe (1963) [Monroe, 1963 #14222].
352 For recognition see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
353 Correct original spelling. Spelling circumventris in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
354 Includes brevirostris; see Züchner (1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
355 May merit treatment as separate species (Binford 1989) [Binford, 1989 #303] but see Cortés-Rodríguez et al. (2008) [Cortés-Rodríguez, 2008 #11214].
356 For recognition see Browning (1978) [Browning, 1978 #536].
357 Perhaps undiagnosable (Züchner 1999) [Züchner, 1999 #4343].
358 May not belong in Lampornis; see García-Moreno et al. (2006) [García-Moreno, 2006 #9866].
359 Treated as conspecific with L. castaneoventris by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739]. Species limits and taxonomy of these taxa badly in need of further study; see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
360 For recognition see Stiles (1999) [Stiles, 1999 #3739].
361 Treated as a separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Stiles & Skutch (1989) [Stiles, 1989 #13786].
362 Includes saturatior and occidentalis A.R. Phillips, 1966 [Phillips, 1966 #3066]; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
363 Included in Myrtis by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
364 Traditionally considered closely related to or merged into Heliomaster, but see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
365 Includes tertius; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
366 Name taken from plate appearing before text requires recognition of joint authorship see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287].
367 For merger of Acestrura into Chaetocercus Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
368 Chaetocercus harterti, treated as a valid species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], is now considered a hybrid; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
369 For correct source and spelling see David & Peterson (2010) [David, 2010 #12493].
370 Chaetocercus decorata, treated as a questionable species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], is a hybrid between C. mulsant and C. heliodor; see Graves (1997) [Graves, 1997 #14219].
371 Considered to form a superspecies with C. astreans by Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
372 Includes meridae Zimmer & Phelps, 1950 [Zimmer, 1950 #4313]; see Graves (1986) [Graves, 1986 #1775].
373 For treatment as a separate species from C. heliodor see Graves (1986) [Graves, 1986 #1775].
374 For merger of Philodice in Calliphlox see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
375 Includes salita; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
376 Included in Calothorax by Howell & Webb (1995) [Howell, 1995 #13863].
377 Included in Philodice by Howell & Webb (1995) [Howell, 1995 #13863].
378 Forms a superspecies with C. pulcher; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
379 Considered to form a superspecies with A. alexandri by Mayr & Short (1970) [Mayr, 1970 #2566].
380 Original spelling. Consistent internal evidence requires retention.
381 For placement in Mellisuga instead of Calypte see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
382 Included in Archilochus by Howell & Webb (1995) [Howell, 1995 #13863], but see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
383 Included in Selasphorus by Howell & Webb (1995) [Howell, 1995 #13863].
384 Forms a superspecies with A. ellioti; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
385 Treated as conspecific with A. heloisa by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013]; but Eisenmann (1955) [Eisenmann, 1955 #1490] treated them as separate species, and thia has been followed in subsequent classifications. See Zyskowski et al. (1998) [Zyskowski, 1998 #14228] for justification for that treatment.
386 Includes guatemalae; see Schuchmann (1999) [Schuchmann, 1999 #3535].
387 Includes lowei; see Calder (1999) [Calder, 1999 #650].
388 Formerly placed in the monotypic genus Stellula, but see McGuire et al. (2009) [McGuire, 2009 #10964].
389 Forms a superspecies with S. sasin; see Mayr & Short (1970) [Mayr, 1970 #2566].
390 This and torridus each treated as separate species by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Stiles (1983) [Stiles, 1983 #14226].
391 May form a superspecies with S. ardens; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
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