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PHOENICULIDAE - Wood-hoopoes (2:8)
PHOENICULUS Jarocki, 1821 M - Upupa erythrorhynchus Latham, 1790; type by monotypy = Promerops purpureus J.F. Miller, 1784  
Phoeniculus purpureus1 Green Wood-hoopoe
senegalensis (Vieillot, 1822) vS Senegal to S Ghana
guineensis (Reichenow, 1902) vN Senegal, Mali to S Chad and Central African Republic
niloticus (Neumann, 1903) vS Sudan, W Ethiopia, South Sudan, NE DR Congo to NW Kenya
marwitzi (Reichenow, 1906)2 E Uganda and S Kenya to Mozambique and E South Africa (E Limpopo to N KwaZulu-Natal); Zanzibar
angolensis (Reichenow, 1902) vAngola, W Zambia and W and C Zimbabwe to C Namibia and N South Africa
purpureus (J.F. Miller, 1784)3 vSE South Africa (E Western Cape to S KwaZulu-Natal)
Phoeniculus damarensis4 Violet Wood-hoopoe
damarensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) vSW Angola, NW and C Namibia
granti (Neumann, 1903)5 C and SE Kenya
Phoeniculus somaliensis6 Black-billed Wood-hoopoe
abyssinicus (Neumann, 1903) vN Ethiopia and Eritrea
somaliensis (Ogilvie-Grant, 1901) vSE Ethiopia, SW Somalia, NE Kenya
neglectus (Neumann, 1905) vC and SW Ethiopia
Phoeniculus bollei White-headed Wood-hoopoe
bollei (Hartlaub, 1858) SE Guinea to SW Ghana; SW Nigeria to NW DR Congo
jacksoni (Sharpe, 1890) E DR Congo to S South Sudan and C Kenya
okuensis Serle, 1949 vW Cameroon [Serle, 1949 #3572]
Phoeniculus castaneiceps Forest Wood-hoopoe
castaneiceps (Sharpe, 1871) Liberia to SW Ghana; SW Nigeria
brunneiceps (Sharpe, 1903)7 S Cameroon to NE DR Congo, Uganda
RHINOPOMASTUS Jardine, 1828 M - Rhinopomastus smithii Jardine, 1828; type by original designation and monotypy = Falcinellus cyanomelas Vieillot, 1819  
Rhinopomastus aterrimus Black Scimitarbill
aterrimus (Stephens, 1826) vSenegal and S Sahara to W Sudan south to Nigeria and N DR Congo
emini (Neumann, 1905)8 C Sudan to NE DR Congo, Uganda
notatus (Salvin, 1892) vEthiopia and Eritrea
Rhinopomastus cyanomelas9 Common Scimitarbill
schalowi Neumann, 1900 S Uganda to S Somalia south to Zambia (except W), Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa)
cyanomelas (Vieillot, 1819) Angola, Namibia, Botswana and N South Africa
anchietae (Bocage, 1892)10,11 SW DR Congo, Angola, W Zambia
Rhinopomastus minor Abyssinian Scimitarbill
minor (Rüppell, 1845)12 vE and SE Ethiopia to Somalia
cabanisi (Defilippi, 1853)13 SE South Sudan, SW Ethiopia, Kenya to C Tanzania

1 Considered to form a superspecies with P. damarensis and P. somaliensis by Ligon (2001) [Ligon, 2001 #2390].
2 Includes zuluensis; see du Plessis in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
3 Implicitly includes erythrorhynchos; see du Plessis in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
4 Treatment as a separate species from P. purpureus follows Simmons et al. (2005) [Simmons, 2005 #3649], but see also Cunningham & Cherry (2005) [Cunningham, 2005 #1102].
5 Treated tentatively as a subspecies of P. damarensis rather than P. purpureus, following du Plessis in Hockey et al. (2005) [Hockey, 2005 #12724].
6 For treatment as a species separate from P. purpureus see Ligon & Davidson (1988) [Ligon, 1988 #14199].
7 Includes adolfifriederici; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
8 Includes cavei Macdonald, 1946 [Macdonald, 1946 #2461]; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
9 Forms a superspecies with R. aterrimus; see Ligon & Davidson (1988) [Ligon, 1988 #14199].
10 Includes anomalus Traylor, 1964 [Traylor, 1964 #3864]; see Ligon (2001) [Ligon, 2001 #2390].
11 For treatment within R. cyanomelas see Dowsett et al. (2008) [Dowsett, 2008 #12725].
12 Includes somalicus; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
13 Includes extimus; see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
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