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GALBULIDAE - Jacamars1 (5:18)
GALBALCYRHYNCHUS Des Murs, 1845 M - Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis Des Murs, 1845; type by monotypy  
Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis 2  Des Murs, 1845 White-eared Jacamar
vSC Colombia and E Ecuador to NE Peru (Loreto, NE San Martín) and W Amazonian Brazil (along R. Amazon, east to R. Purus)
Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus 3  Goeldi, 1904 Purus Jacamar
vE Peru (S Loreto to Madre de Dios), NW Bolivia (Pando, NW Beni), W Amazonian Brazil (Acre, SW Amazonas)
BRACHYGALBA Bonaparte, 1854 F - Galbula albigularis von Spix, 1824; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 137).  4
Brachygalba albogularis   (von Spix, 1824) White-throated Jacamar
vE and SE Peru (south of R. Amazon), NW Bolivia (W Pando), W Amazonian Brazil (Acre, SW Amazonas)
Brachygalba lugubris Brown Jacamar
fulviventris P.L. Sclater, 1891 vFoothills of E Andes of EC Colombia (W Meta)
obscuriceps J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1947 S Venezuela (SE Amazonas) and adjacent NW Brazil (south to middle R. Negro)
lugubris (Swainson, 1838) vE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (E Roraima; Amapá)
caquetae Chapman, 1917 S Colombia (Caquetá) to E Ecuador and NE Peru (south to R. Marañón and R. Amazon)
phaeonota Todd, 19435 vW Brazil (Tonantins on north bank of R. Amazon)
naumburgae Chapman, 19316 NE Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí)
melanosterna P.L. Sclater, 1855 vE Bolivia (Santa Cruz), C and SC Brazil (Rondônia and S Pará to W Minas Gerais and W São Paulo)
Brachygalba goeringi   P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869 Pale-headed Jacamar
iNE Colombia (Arauca, Casanare), WC Venezuela (C Lara and Apure to S Carabobo and W Guárico)
Brachygalba salmoni 7  P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1879 Dusky-backed Jacamar
iE Panama (Darién), NW Colombia (N Chocó to N Antioquia and N Bolívar)
JACAMARALCYON Lesson, 1830 F - Jacamaralcyon brasiliensis Lesson, 1830; type by monotypy = Galbula tridactyla Vieillot, 1817  
Jacamaralcyon tridactyla   (Vieillot, 1817) Three-toed Jacamar
vSE Brazil (E Minas Gerais and W Espírito Santo to N Paraná)
GALBULA Brisson, 1760 F - Galbula Brisson; type by tautonymy = Alcedo galbula Linnaeus, 1766  
Galbula albirostris8 Yellow-billed Jacamar
albirostris Latham, 1790 vE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to lower R. Negro)
chalcocephala Deville, 18499 vE Ecuador to S Venezuela, NE Peru (north of R. Amazon and west of R. Ucayali) and N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to upper R. Negro)
Galbula cyanicollis 10  Cassin, 1851 Blue-cheeked Jacamar
vNE Peru (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Ucayali), N Bolivia (E Pando), S Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon)
Galbula ruficauda Rufous-tailed Jacamar
melanogenia P.L. Sclater, 1852 αvS Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to W Colombia and W Ecuador (N Los Ríos)
pallens Bangs, 1898 N Colombia (Córdoba to Guajira), extreme NW Venezuela (NW Zulia)
brevirostris Cory, 1913 vNE Colombia (Norte de Santander), NW Venezuela (S Zulia, NW Táchira, W Mérida)
ruficauda Cuvier, 1816 αC Colombia (middle Magdalena valley; Arauca, N Casanare), N and C Venezuela, Guyana, N Brazil (N Roraima), Trinidad
rufoviridis Cabanis, 1851 vC, E and S Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east of R. Madeira and south to São Paulo), NW Bolivia (Pando, N La Paz)
heterogyna Todd, 1932 vE Bolivia (Beni to Santa Cruz) and adjacent SW Brazil (SW Mato Grosso)
Galbula galbula 11  (Linnaeus, 1766) Green-tailed Jacamar
iE Colombia (Vichada), S and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, also from lower R. Madeira to lower R. Tapajós)
Galbula tombacea White-chinned Jacamar
tombacea von Spix, 1824 vS Colombia, NE Ecuador, NE Peru (north of R. Marañón and R. Amazon in Loreto) and adjacent W Amazonian Brazil
mentalis Todd, 1943 vW Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro and lower R. Madeira)
Galbula cyanescens   Deville, 1849 Bluish-fronted Jacamar
iE Peru (south of R. Marañón and R. Amazon), N Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to middle R. Madeira)
Galbula pastazae   Taczanowski & von Berlepsch, 1885 Coppery-chested Jacamar
iE slope of Andes from SW Colombia (SE Nariño) to N Peru (NW Amazonas)
Galbula chalcothorax 12  P.L. Sclater, 1855 Purplish Jacamar
iS Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Juruá)
Galbula leucogastra 13,14  Vieillot, 1817 Bronzy Jacamar
vE Colombia, S and E Venezuela, the Guianas, N and C Amazonian Brazil (R. Negro to Amapá, R. Purus to R. Xingu), N Bolivia
Galbula dea Paradise Jacamar
dea (Linnaeus, 1758) E Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
brunneiceps (Todd, 1943) E Ecuador, E Peru, W Amazonian Brazil (north of R. Amazon, east to R. Negro and south of R. Amazon, R. Madeira to R. Tapajós), N Bolivia
phainopepla (Todd, 1943) vW Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Madeira)
amazonum (P.L. Sclater, 1855) E Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
JACAMEROPS Lesson, 1830 M - Alcedo grandis J.F. Gmelin, 1788; type by monotypy = Alcedo aurea Statius Muller, 1776  
Jacamerops aureus Great Jacamar
penardi Bangs & Barbour, 1922 NE Costa Rica to NC and W Colombia and NW Ecuador (NW Pichincha)
aureus (Statius Muller, 1776) vE Colombia, S and E Venezuela, the Guianas
isidori Deville, 1849 E Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, east to R. Purus)
ridgwayi Todd, 1943 E Amazonian Brazil (west to R. Negro and R. Madeira)

1 Classification follows Tobias et al. (2002) [Tobias, 2002 #12183] except as noted.
2 Forms a superspecies with G. purusianus; see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
3 For treatment as a separate species from G. leucotis see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
4 The four species in the genus form a superspecies (Haffer 1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
5 For treatment as subspecies of B. lugubris see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
6 Original spelling naumburgi; here properly emended based on internal information (Mrs. Elsie Naumburg). The spelling naumbergi in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
7 Includes carmenensis Haffer, 1962 [Haffer, 1962 #1869]; see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
8 Forms a superspecies with G. cyanicollis; see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
9 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870] and Tobias et al. (2002) [Tobias, 2002 #12183].
10 For treatment as a separate species from G. albirostris see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
11 Forms a superspecies with G. ruficauda, G. tombacea, G. cyanescens and G. pastazae; see Haffer (1974) [Haffer, 1974 #1870].
12 For treatment as a separate species from G. leucogastra see Parker & Remsen (1987) [Parker, 1987 #2908].
13 Forms a superspecies with G. chalcothorax (Sibley & Monroe 1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636].
14 Includes viridissima; see Tobias et al. (2002) [Tobias, 2002 #12183].
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