Back to families© Text, layout and database rights belong to the Trust for Avian Systematics 2021.

TROGONIDAE - Trogons1 (7:44)
APALODERMA Swainson, 1833 N - Trogon narina Stephens, 1815; type by original designation  
Apaloderma narina2 Narina's Trogon
constantia Sharpe & Ussher, 1872 iGuinea and Sierra Leone to Nigeria
brachyurum Chapin, 1923 vS Cameroon, N Congo basin to W South Sudan
narina (Stephens, 1815) iS Mozambique to E and S South Africa >> E Zimbabwe, Malawi, N and C Mozambique
littorale van Someren, 19313 vS Somalia to E Tanzania, N Mozambique, S Malawi
arcanum Clancey, 1959 vS Chad to Ethiopia, N Somalia [Clancey, 1959 #797]
rufiventre A.J.C. Dubois, 18974 αvC and S DR Congo to S Uganda, W Kenya, W Tanzania, south to N Namibia, N Botswana, E Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique
Apaloderma aequatoriale   Sharpe, 1901 Bare-cheeked Trogon
vSE Nigeria to Gabon, NE and S DR Congo
Apaloderma vittatum 5  Shelley, 1882 Bar-tailed Trogon
vBioko, SE Nigeria, W Cameroon, Angola, E DR Congo to Kenya, Malawi and N Mozambique
APALHARPACTES Bonaparte, 1854 M - Trogon reinwardtii Temminck, 1822; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1855, Cat. of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds, p. 136).  6
Apalharpactes reinwardtii   (Temminck, 1822) Javan Trogon
Mountains of Java
Apalharpactes mackloti 7  (S. Müller, 1836) Sumatran Trogonα
Mountains of Sumatra
HARPACTES Swainson, 1833 M - Trogon malabaricus Gould, 1834; type by subsequent designation (G.R. Gray, 1840, A List of the Genera of Birds, p. 10).  8
Harpactes oreskios Orange-breasted Trogon
stellae Deignan, 1941 iS Yunnan, continental SE Asia
uniformis (Robinson, 1917) vThai-Malay Pen. (except extreme S), Sumatra
oreskios (Temminck, 1823) iJava
dulitensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 vBorneo
nias Meyer de Schauensee & Ripley, 1940 αiNias I. (off W Sumatra)
Harpactes orrhophaeus Cinnamon-rumped Trogon
orrhophaeus (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863) vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
vidua Ogilvie-Grant, 1892 iBorneo
Harpactes duvaucelii   (Temminck, 1824) Scarlet-rumped Trogon
iThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra, Borneo
Harpactes fasciatus Malabar Trogon
malabaricus (Gould, 1834) vSW and S India
legerli Koelz, 1939 iC India (W and E Ghats)
fasciatus (Pennant, 1769)9 vSri Lanka
Harpactes diardii Diard's Trogon
sumatranus W. Blasius, 1896 vThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
diardii (Temminck, 1832) iBangka I. (off SE Sumatra), Borneo
Harpactes erythrocephalus Red-headed Trogon
erythrocephalus (Gould, 1834) vC Himalayas (Uttarakhand to Bhutan), NE India, S Myanmar, NW Thailand
helenae Mayr, 1941 iE Bhutan, NE India (Arunachal Pradesh), W Yunnan, N Myanmar
yamakanensis Rickett, 189910,11 δvSC and SE China (west to S Sichuan and Guizhou)
intermedius (Kinnear, 1925) vN Laos, N Vietnam
annamensis (Robinson & Kloss, 1919) vNE Thailand, C and S Laos, C and S Vietnam
klossi (Robinson, 1915) iW Cambodia
chaseni Riley, 1934 iMountains of Thai-Malay Pen.
hainanus Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 vHainan
flagrans (S. Müller, 1836) αiMountains of Sumatra
Harpactes wardi   (Kinnear, 1927) Ward's Trogon
iE Himalayan foothills (west to Bhutan and West Bengal), SW China, N Myanmar, NE Vietnam
Harpactes whiteheadi   Sharpe, 1888 Whitehead's Trogon
iMountains of Borneo
Harpactes kasumba Red-naped Trogon
kasumba (Raffles, 1822) iThai-Malay Pen., Sumatra
impavidus (Chasen & Kloss, 1931) vBorneo
Harpactes ardens12 Philippine Trogon
herberti Parkes, 1970 iNE Luzon (Philippines) [Parkes, 1970 #2922]
luzoniensis Rand & Rabor, 1952 vLuzon, Marinduque, Catanduanes (Philippines) [Rand, 1952 #3189]
minor Manuel, 1958 vPolillo (Philippines) [Manuel, 1958 #6918]
linae Rand & Rabor, 1959 iBohol, Leyte and Samar (Philippines) [Rand, 1959 #3192]
ardens (Temminck, 1826) iBasilan, Dinagat and Mindanao (Philippines)
PHAROMACHRUS de la Llave, 1832 M - Pharomachrus mocinno de la Llave, 1832; type by monotypy  
Pharomachrus pavoninus 13,14  (von Spix, 1824) Pavonine Quetzal
vW and C Amazonia
Pharomachrus auriceps Golden-headed Quetzal
auriceps (Gould, 1842)15 iE Panama (Cerro Pirre); Andes of Colombia and Ecuador, E slope of Andes from Peru to C Bolivia
hargitti (Oustalet, 1891)16 iSierra de Perijá; Andes of Venezuela
Pharomachrus fulgidus White-tipped Quetzal
festatus Bangs, 1899 vSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia)
fulgidus (Gould, 1838) vCoastal Range of Venezuela (Yaracuy to Sucre)
Pharomachrus mocinno17 Resplendent Quetzal
mocinno de la Llave, 183218 δiMountains of SE Mexico (SE Oaxaca, Chiapas) to NC Nicaragua
costaricensis Cabanis, 1869 vMountains of NC Costa Rica to W Panama (Veraguas)
Pharomachrus antisianus   (d'Orbigny, 1837) Crested Quetzal
vSierra de Perijá; Andes of Venezuela to C Bolivia (W Santa Cruz)
EUPTILOTIS Gould, 1858 M - Trogon neoxenus Gould, 1838; type by original designation  
Euptilotis neoxenus   (Gould, 1838) Eared Quetzal
vMountains of W and SW Mexico (E Sonora and W Chihuahua to W Michoacán)
PRIOTELUS G.R. Gray, 1840 M - Trogon temnurus Temminck, 1825; type by monotypy  
Priotelus temnurus Cuban Trogon
temnurus (Temminck, 1825) vCuba
vescus Bangs & Zappey, 1905 vIsla de Juventud
Priotelus roseigaster 19  (Vieillot, 1817) Hispaniolan Trogon
iMountains of Hispaniola
TROGON Brisson, 1760 M - Trogon Brisson; type by tautonymy = Trogon viridis Linnaeus, 1766  20
Trogon clathratus   Salvin, 1866 Lattice-tailed Trogon
vFoothills along Caribbean slope of Costa Rica to W Panama (N Coclé)
Trogon massena Slaty-tailed Trogon
massena Gould, 1838 iCaribbean slope from S Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) to Nicaragua
hoffmanni (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863) iCosta Rica, Panama
australis (Chapman, 1915)21 vW Colombia to NW Ecuador (N Pichincha)
Trogon comptus   J.T. Zimmer, 1948 Blue-tailed Trogon
vFoothills of W Andes of NW Colombia (N Antioquia, NE Chocó) to NW Ecuador (Pichincha) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]
Trogon mesurus 22  (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863) Ecuadorian Trogon
vNW Ecuador (W Esmeraldas) to NW Peru (Piura)
Trogon melanurus Black-tailed Trogon
1 macroura Gould, 183823 iC Panama (C Panamá) to N and C Colombia and W Venezuela (W Zulia)
2 melanurus Swainson, 1838 vE Colombia to the Guianas, NW and E Amazonian Brazil (NW Amazonas; east from R. Negro and R. Tapajós)
2 eumorphus J.T. Zimmer, 194824 vE Ecuador, E Peru, N Bolivia, W Amazonian Brazil (east to lower R. Negro and R. Madeira) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]
Trogon chionurus 25  P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1871 White-tailed Trogon
vW Panama (C Bocas del Toro), to NC and W Colombia, and W Ecuador (south to Guayas)
Trogon melanocephalus 26,27  Gould, 1836 Black-headed Trogonα
vCaribbean slope from E Mexico to Nicaragua, Pacific slope from El Salvador to NW Costa Rica
Trogon citreolus Citreoline Trogon
citreolus Gould, 1835 vW and SW Mexico (S Sinaloa to W Oaxaca)
sumichrasti Brodkorb, 1942 iS Mexico (SE Oaxaca to SW Chiapas)
Trogon viridis 28,29,30  Linnaeus, 1766 Green-backed Trogon
vAmazonia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Trinidad; E Brazil (Alagoas; Bahia to São Paulo)
Trogon bairdii 31  Lawrence, 1868 Baird's Trogon
iWC Costa Rica to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
Trogon caligatus32 Gartered Trogon
sallaei Bonaparte, 185633 E Mexico (SE San Luis Potosí, N Oaxaca) to Nicaragua [Bonaparte, 1856 #5920]
concinnus Lawrence, 1862 vCosta Rica to NW Peru (Tumbes)
caligatus Gould, 1838 vN and NC Colombia to W Venezuela (W Trujillo, W Barinas)
Trogon ramonianus Amazonian Trogon
ramonianus Deville & Des Murs, 1849 vE Ecuador to S Venezuela, N Bolivia, W and C Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro and R. Madeira)
crissalis (Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863) vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Tapajós)
Trogon violaceus   J.F. Gmelin, 1788 Guianan Trogon
vE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro), Trinidad
Trogon curucui Blue-crowned Trogon
peruvianus Swainson, 183834,35 vS Colombia to N Bolivia (Beni), W and C Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro and R. Tapajós) [Swainson, 1838 #3791]
curucui Linnaeus, 1766 iE Brazil (west to Pará and Goiás)
behni Gould, 187536 iE and S Bolivia to SW Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul) and N Argentina (E Salta, Chaco)
Trogon surrucura Surucua Trogon
aurantius von Spix, 1824 vE Brazil (SE Bahia to NE São Paulo)
surrucura Vieillot, 1817 iEC to SE Brazil (S Tocantins to N Rio Grande do Sul) and E Paraguay to NE Argentina (E Chaco, N Corrientes)
Trogon rufus Black-throated Trogon
tenellus Cabanis, 1862 vE Honduras to extreme NW Colombia (N Chocó)
cupreicauda (Chapman, 1914) iW Colombia to NW Ecuador (W Pichincha)
rufus J.F. Gmelin, 1788 vE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon, west to R. Negro)
sulphureus von Spix, 1824 vS Colombia to E Peru (C Ucayali) and W Amazonian Brazil (east to R. Negro and R. Madeira)
amazonicus Todd, 1943 vE Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon, west to R. Madeira)
chrysochloros von Pelzeln, 1856 iE and S Brazil (SE Bahia to Santa Catarina) to E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones)
Trogon elegans Elegant Trogon
1 canescens van Rossem, 193437 Extreme SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico) to NW Mexico (N Sinaloa)
1 ambiguus Gould, 183538,39,40 vE, SW and S Mexico (SE Nuevo León to W Oaxaca, west to Zacatecas and Nayarit)
2 elegans Gould, 1834 iE Guatemala
2 lubricus J.L. Peters, 1945 vW Nicaragua, NW Costa Rica
Trogon mexicanus Mountain Trogon
clarus Griscom, 1932 vMountains of W Mexico (Chihuahua, E Sinaloa, Durango)
mexicanus Swainson, 182741 vMountains of C and S Mexico (Zacatecas and SW Tamaulipas to Chiapas), Guatemala, N El Salvador, S Honduras
Trogon collaris Collared Trogon
puella Gould, 184542 iE and S Mexico (SE San Luis Potosí, Guerrero) to W Panama (W Chiriquí)
extimus Griscom, 1929 vMountains of E Panama (Cerro Pirre)
heothinus Wetmore, 196743 δvMountains of E Panama (Cerro Malí and Cerro Tacarcuna) [Wetmore, 1967 #4150]
virginalis Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863 vLowlands and foothills of W Colombia to SW Ecuador (W Loja)
subtropicalis J.T. Zimmer, 1948 vAndean slopes of C Colombia (Cauca and Magdalena valleys) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]
exoptatus Cabanis & F. Heine, Sr., 1863 vSierra de Perijá; Coastal Range and Andes of Venezuela, E Andes of Colombia; Trinidad
collaris Vieillot, 1817 vE Ecuador, N Peru, S Colombia, S and SE Venezuela, the Guianas, N Brazil (north of R. Amazon)
castaneus von Spix, 182444 vE Peru, N Bolivia, W and C Amazonian Brazil (south of R. Amazon); E Brazil [von Spix, 1824 #7983]
Trogon aurantiiventris45 Orange-bellied Trogon
underwoodi Bangs, 1908 iMountains of NW Costa Rica (Cordillera de Guanacaste)
aurantiiventris Gould, 185646 vMountains of NC Costa Rica (Cordillera de Tilarán) to C Panama (W Panamá)
Trogon personatus Masked Trogon
sanctaemartae J.T. Zimmer, 1948 iSanta Marta Mts. (N Colombia) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]
personatus Gould, 1842 vSierra de Perijá; Andes of Venezuela, C and E Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes of Ecuador to S Peru (Cuzco)
assimilis Gould, 1846 vW Andes of Colombia to NW Peru (Piura)
temperatus (Chapman, 1923)47 vC and E Andes of Colombia, E slope of Andes of Ecuador (higher elevations than personatus)
duidae Chapman, 1929 iTepuis of C and S Venezuela (Amazonas, W Bolívar)
ptaritepui J.T. Zimmer & W.H. Phelps, Sr., 1946 iTepuis of SE Venezuela (north edge of La Gran Sabana) [Zimmer, 1946 #4301]
roraimae (Chapman, 1929) iTepuis of SE Venezuela (C and S Bolívar), SW Guyana and extreme N Brazil (N Roraima)
heliothrix von Tschudi, 184448 iE slope of Andes of N and C Peru (Amazonas to Junín) (higher elevations than personatus) [von Tschudi, 1844 #8273]
submontanus Todd, 1943 vE slope of Andes of SE Peru (Puno) to S Bolivia (Chuquisaca)

1 The subfamilies proposed by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636], Espinosa de los Monteros (1998) [Espinosa de los Monteros, 1998 #1513] and followed by Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012] were not corroborated by Moyle (2005) [Moyle, 2005 #2738]; relationships remain unresolved (Hosner et al. 2010) [Hosner, 2010 #12526].
2 Subspecies classification follows Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012].
3 For correction of spelling see David & Gosselin (2002) [David, 2002 #1124].
4 1896 volume; this part published in 1897.
5 Formerly placed in monotypic genus Heterotrogon but see White (1965) [White, 1965 #4191].
6 For restoration see Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012] and Hosner et al. (2010) [Hosner, 2010 #12526].
7 For treatment as a separate species from A. reinwardtii see Collar & van Balen (2002) [Collar, 2002 #1013].
8 Species sequence follows Hosner et al. (2010) [Hosner, 2010 #12526].
9 Includes parvus Deraniyagala, 1955 [Deraniyagala, 1955 #4371]; see Ripley (1982) [Ripley, 1982 #3332].
10 Includes rosa; see Cheng (1987) [Cheng Tso-hsin, 1987 #739].
11 Correct original spelling. Spelling yamakenensis in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
12 Subspecies classification follows Dickinson et al. (1991) [Dickinson, 1991 #1361].
13 Considered to form a superspecies with P. auriceps by Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]. Formerly, e.g. Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], and Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305] treated these as conspecific, but see Eisenmann (1955) [Eisenmann, 1955 #1490] and Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
14 Includes viridiceps; see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
15 Includes heliactin; see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
16 Treated as a synonym of P. pavoninus by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], but see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
17 Forms a superspecies with P. antisianus; see Sibley & Monroe (1990) [Sibley, 1990 #3636]. Treated as conspecific by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305], but see Meyer de Schauensee (1966) [Meyer de Schauensee, 1966 #2676].
18 Correct original spelling. Spelling mocino in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] an ISS. See also I.C.Z.N. (1956) [I.C.Z.N., 1956 #9591] and Eisenmann (1959) [Eisenmann, 1959 #1491].
19 Placed in the genus Temnotrogon by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012], but most classifications include this in Priotelus following Bond (1967) [Bond, 1967 #14283].
20 Species sequence derived from Moyle (2005) [Moyle, 2005 #2738], DaCosta & Klicka (2008) [DaCosta, 2008 #10781], and Ornelas et al. (2009) [Ornelas, 2009 #11905].
21 May not be diagnosable from hoffmanni (Collar, 2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012], but Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305] thought that this might be a subspecies of T. melanurus.
22 For treatment as a separate species from T. melanurus see DaCosta & Klicka (2008) [DaCosta, 2008 #10781].
23 May merit treatment as a separate species; see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
24 Proposed subspecies occidentalis Pinto, 1950 [Pinto, 1950 #3081] not considered diagnosable from eumorphus by Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012].
25 For treatment as a separate species from T. viridis see DaCosta & Klicka (2008) [DaCosta, 2008 #10781].
26 For treatment as a separate species from T. citreolus see Slud (1964) [Slud, 1964 #3656].
27 Includes illaetabilis; see Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012]. But see also Dickerman (2007) [Dickerman, 2007 #11707].
28 For reasons to use viridis rather than strigilatus, as in by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013], see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
29 Forms a superspecies with T. chionurus, T. melanocephalus, T. citreolus and T. bairdii; see Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012].
30 Includes melanopterus; see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]. For correction of authorship and date of that name see Dickinson et al. (2011) [Dickinson, 2011 #13287]. However, the type should be checked to confirm placement here as Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305] made his decision based on Gould's later use of the name.
31 For treatment as a separate species from T. viridis see Slud (1964) [Slud, 1964 #3656].
32 For treatment of this and T. ramonianus as separate species from T. violaceus, see DaCosta & Klicka (2008) [DaCosta, 2008 #10781].
33 For use of sallaei over braccatus, as in Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] and elsewhere, see Browning et al. (1991) [Browning, 1991 #14262].
34 Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013] used the name bolivianus for this population, but Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305] showed that peruvianus Swainson, 1838 [Swainson, 1838 #3791] should be used, with bolivianus as a synonym.
35 Incorrectly attributed to Gould, 1858 by Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533], but described earlier see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305].
36 Dual original spellings; see David et al. (2009) [David, 2009 #2085].
37 For recognition see Kunzmann et al. (1998) [Kunzmann, 1998 #14266].
38 For suggested reversion to treatment of the ambiguus group as a separate species, see Oberholser (1974) [Oberholser, 1974 #2809].
39 Includes goldmani; see Stager (1957) [Stager, 1957 #13901] and Grant (1965) [Grant, 1965 #13993].
40 Published in Gould's Monograph in April 1835 before the work cited by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
41 Includes lutescens; see Monroe (1968) [Monroe, 1968 #2706].
42 May merit treatment as a separate species from T. collaris; see DaCosta & Klicka (2008) [DaCosta, 2008 #10781].
43 Correct original spelling. Spelling hoethinus in Dickinson (2003) [Dickinson, 2003 #9533] an ISS.
44 For recognition see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]; overlooked by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].
45 Almost certainly conspecific with T. collaris and perhaps only a color phase of T. c. puella; see Stiles & Skutch (1989) [Stiles, 1989 #13786] and Collar (2001) [Collar, 2001 #1012].
46 Includes flavidior; see Wetmore (1968) [Wetmore, 1968 #4151].
47 May merit treatment as a separate species (Ridgely & Greenfield 2001) [Ridgely, 2001 #3274].
48 For recognition see Zimmer (1948) [Zimmer, 1948 #4305]; omitted by Peters (1945) [Peters, 1945 #3013].