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From here you can download the original spreadsheet that was provided on the companion CD of Volume 2 of H&M4, which included the family names, genus, species and subspecies names as well as subspecies groups; there is also an updated and expanded version that includes updated taxonomy, family, subfamily and tribe names, genus names, authors and dates, species names, authors, dates and distribution ranges and subspecies names, groups, authors, dates, distribution ranges

Errata and Corrigenda to H&M4 Volume 1

Errata to H&M4 Volume 2 plus Corrigenda in respect of range statements and additional Errata to Volume 1

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature; the ICZN publishes The Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature and is responsible for producing the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature - a set of rules for the naming of animals and the resolution of nomenclatural problems

Fourth edition as adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences

Nomenclatural records of animals (Animalia) in ZooBank, the official registry of Zoological Nomenclature, according to the ICZN

All scientific names listed in the Official Lists and Indexes of Names in Zoology from the ICZN

All family-group, generic and specific names placed on the Official Lists and Indexes by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature up to 31 March 2012


Biodiversity Heritage Library; BHL is the world’s largest open access digital library for biodiversity literature and archives

By James L Peters and his successors

By Richard Bowdler Sharpe and colleagues

Charles B Cory, Charles E Hellmayr & Boardman Conover

Includes spreadsheet comparison of various world lists of birds by Peter Kovalik


Aves—A Taxonomy in Flux by John H Boyd III

The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World as maintained and updated annually by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology

A downloadable version of the world list of bird names by Charles G Sibley and Burt L Monroe, Jr

A zoological nomenclature resource including scanned images from the Richmond Index cards of genus and species group names

Avibase is an extensive database information system about all birds of the world, containing over 27 million records about 10,000 species and 22,000 subspecies of birds, including distribution information for 20,000 regions, taxonomy, synonyms in several languages and more

From The Cornell Lab of Ornithology

The North American Classification Committee (NACC) evaluates and codifies the latest scientific developments in the systematics, classification, nomenclature and distribution of North and Middle American birds; it produces the official Check-list of North American Birds as well as annual supplements to the latest edition, which are published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances

The South American Classification Committee (SACC) is an official committee of the American Ornithological Society; its mission is to create a standard classification, with English names, for the bird species of South America

Website of Association of European Records and Rarities Committees (AERC) Taxonomic Advisory Committee (TAC) including AERC TAC’s Taxonomic Recommendations and West PAlearctic (WP) Bird List

African Bird Club (ABC) Checklist of African Birds


The aim of the OSME Region List (ORL) is to provide a definitive list of bird taxa that have been recorded in the OSME Region (i.e. the Middle East, the Caucasus and Central Asian republics)

Checklists of the birds of India, the Indian Subcontinent and South Asia (i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, The Maldives and the Chagos Archipelago)

The Introduction to this book by Bruce M Beehler & Thane K Pratt includes sections on Systematics, Taxonomy and Species Concepts

Working List of Australian Birds (BirdLife Australia)

Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th edition 2010)

Publishers of: the 4th edition of The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World; Priority! The Dating of Scientific Names in Ornithology; and the periodical Zoological Bibliography

The Dating of Scientific Names in Ornithology - A Directory to the Literature and its Reviewers

Some corrections to information provided in “Priority! The Dating of Scientific Names in Ornithology” Edward C. Dickinson & Colin Jones (2012, Zoological Bibliography 2(2&3): 75–89)

At Aves Press website including papers from as-yet-incomplete volumes

At BHL including single PDFs for volumes 3 and 4

Complete in a single compact PDF file

Complete in a single compact PDF file

An electronic edition by Smithsonian Institution Libraries of the work by Charles D Sherborn

An introduction to the literature of vertebrate zoology (Casey A Wood 1931)

Links to web-accessible resources listed in Guide to Reference and Information Sources in the Zoological Sciences (Diane Schmidt & George H Bell 2003)

Introduction to The Richmond Index to the Genera and Species of Birds

History and nomenclature of avian family-group names, by Walter J Bock, from Bulletin of the AMNH no. 222 (1994); not 100% reliable but nevertheless a valuable reference

Bird Taxonomy and Nomenclature forum, including links to digitised versions of original sources of bird names

Edited by James A Jobling; lets you search for scientific name definitions


British Ornithologists’ Club; publishers of The Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club

How They Arise, Modify and Vanish; includes chapter by George Sangster on Integrative Taxonomy of Birds: The Nature and Delimitation of Species

Birds of northwest Africa blog with articles about bird taxonomy, new and potential species splits, new taxa and related subjects

E C Dickinson 2016, Reinforcing the foundations of ornithological nomenclature: Filling the gaps in Sherborn’s and Richmond’s historical legacy of bibliographic exploration. ZooKeys 550: 107–134

The Factious, High-Drama World of Bird Taxonomy (Andrew Jenner 2017)

ResearchGate is a widely used network which helps researchers connect and makes it easy for them to share and access scientific output, knowledge and expertise

A web resource about birds, birding and birdwatching

Natural History Museum (London and Tring, United Kingdom) - formerly British Museum (Natural History)

American Museum of Natural History (of Night at the Museum fame)

The Association epresents and furthers all aspects of systematic biology

Search European bird collections

Type specimens of Birds in The Natural History Museum

The Division of Birds, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, houses and maintains the third largest bird collection in the world with over 625,000 specimens

Edited by James A Jobling; lets you search for scientific name definitions

This private website wants to familiarize the interested reader with up-to-date scientific ideas on the evolutionary history, phylogeny and biogeography of birds. Phylogenetic relationships will generally be considered down to genus level, but the exceedingly speciose perching birds (Passeriformes) will be treated to family level only.

The purpose of Bird Families of the World is as an aid to world birders who want to maximize their enjoyment of avian diversity by observing examples of as many bird families as is reasonable within the time and money available for travel, and as a study tool for all interested readers.

A photographic agency supplying images of wildlife and wild places from around the world featuring the photography of Andy & Gill Swash, Greg & Yvonne Dean and Roger & Liz Charlwood; the photos of birds on this site have kindly been provided by Roger & Liz